CN104972338B - A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp - Google Patents

A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104972338B
CN104972338B CN201510420338.7A CN201510420338A CN104972338B CN 104972338 B CN104972338 B CN 104972338B CN 201510420338 A CN201510420338 A CN 201510420338A CN 104972338 B CN104972338 B CN 104972338B
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China
Prior art keywords
channel
shaped workpiece
lathe
clamping plate
clamping
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Active
Application number
CN201510420338.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104972338A (en
Inventor
叶青健
刘世泉
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Foshan Pratic CNC Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510420338.7A priority Critical patent/CN104972338B/en
Publication of CN104972338A publication Critical patent/CN104972338A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/04Work clamping means using fluid means or a vacuum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q2703/00Work clamping
    • B23Q2703/02Work clamping means
    • B23Q2703/10Devices for clamping workpieces of a particular form or made from a particular material

Abstract

A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp;Channel-shaped work piece holder including lathe and on lathe, including base, connecting plate, fixing axle, clamping plate, positioning briquetting, fishbolt and push-tight cylinder, the base are fixed on the workbench;Two connecting plates are set in parallel in the base, and two fixing axles are set in parallel between two connecting plates, and the position relationship between fixing axle and connecting plate is to be mutually perpendicular to;The two ends of the clamping plate are slidably serially connected in two fixing axles respectively, and some clamping plates are arranged between two connecting plates.The front and back sides of clamping plate limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece in fore-and-aft direction;Positioning briquetting and fishbolt limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece in vertical direction, connecting plate push-tight are carried into motion of the channel-shaped workpiece in left and right directions to connecting plate together, is limited finally by push-tight cylinder, clamping is stable, convenient processing.

Description

A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of fixture equipment, particularly a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp.
Background technology
With the development of Numeric Control Technology, the parts machining of many products is all machined by Digit Control Machine Tool, one on lathe As need installs fixture come clamping channel-shaped workpiece or guiding cutter, its effect is to position workpiece so that channel-shaped workpiece acquisition phase Reliably clamped for the correct position of lathe and cutter, and by channel-shaped workpiece.In the processing of channel-shaped workpiece, channel-shaped workpiece one As be to carry out clampings using the double fixed clamp fixtures of the right and left cylinder, when channel-shaped workpiece is processed, only by the radial direction of Y-direction Z-direction play axially easily occurs for chucking power, channel-shaped workpiece, influences the precision of processing.Further, since the clamping of channel-shaped workpiece Contact surface is small, if increasing radial direction chucking power, channel-shaped workpiece is by it is possible that crushing problem, makes the processing of channel-shaped workpiece not smart Close, its product qualified rate is not also high.
The content of the invention
For drawbacks described above, it is an object of the invention to propose a kind of multiple degrees of freedom machine for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp Bed.
For up to this purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, including lathe and the channel-shaped workpiece on lathe Fixture;The lathe is multiple degrees of freedom lathe, including lathe bed, saddle, column, tool magazine, head, main shaft and workbench, the work Make platform and be arranged on the lathe bed along its length, the saddle is arranged on the side of the workbench;
Column and tool magazine are arranged in the saddle, and the column can be slidably mounted at the saddle by Y-axis slide rail, The tool magazine and column are separate, not load-bearing mutually;Column is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail, and the head is driven by Z axis Motor drives edge Z axis slide rail is for linear motion;X-axis slide rail is provided with along the length direction of the lathe bed, the saddle is along the X Axle slide rail is for linear motion on lathe bed;
The channel-shaped work piece holder includes base, connecting plate, fixing axle, clamping plate, positioning briquetting, fishbolt and push-tight Cylinder, the base is fixed on the workbench;
Two connecting plates are set in parallel in the base, and two fixing axles are set in parallel in two connections Between plate, and position relationship between fixing axle and connecting plate is is mutually perpendicular to;Slidably go here and there respectively at the two ends of the clamping plate It is connected in two fixing axles, some clamping plates are arranged between two connecting plates;
The clamping plate is the tabular constituted with leading flank, trailing flank, left surface, right flank, upper side and downside Structure, the leading flank and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove, and the groove is vertical for the end face edge of the leading flank and trailing flank In the direction of the end face, formed to the inner recess of the clamping plate, and length direction of the groove along the clamping plate prolongs Stretch;
The positioning briquetting is the L-shaped structure being made of one piece by lateral blocks and vertical block two parts, the lateral blocks It is installed on the upper side and left surface, right flank to cross the corner to be formed, vertical block is fitted in the corresponding of the clamping plate Left surface or right flank, the positioning briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right side by fishbolt through the vertical block Face;The push-tight cylinder promotes the direction of some clamping plates connecting plate thereto, by all clamping board clampings.
Further, provided with fastening spring, the fastening spring be sleeved on after the fishbolt sequentially pass through again it is described Channel-shaped workpiece is fixed behind the side of positioning briquetting and clamping plate.
Further, the lateral blocks are made up of two side pawls, the side pawl by described vertical plate one end edge Yan Shui Square formed to after extension, the lateral blocks in horizontal direction are U-shape structure.
Further, back-moving spring is provided between the clamping plate and clamping plate, the back-moving spring is serially connected in described solid Dead axle.
Further, the push-tight cylinder is located at the outside of the connecting plate, and the expansion link of push-tight cylinder passes through the company The connection through hole of fishplate bar is fixedly connected after entering on the inside of connecting plate with nearest clamping plate.
Further, two connecting plates are connected by connecting bolt, and the connecting bolt is penetrated on the outside of connecting plate, and Fixed after being passed from the connecting plate for being provided with the push-tight cylinder by nut.
Further, the channel-shaped work piece holder is fixed on the base by rotary cylinder, when fixed, the rotary pneumatic The upper surface of the levelling block of cylinder and the connecting plate is extruded, the length of the base according to can set simultaneously two groups and with The specification of upper channel-shaped work piece holder is set.
Further, when the channel-shaped work piece holder is arranged on the base, the connecting bolt in inner side passes through bearing Seat is arranged on the base, and the rotary cylinder is arranged on the offside of the bearing block.
Further, the base is provided with through hole, and the through hole is arranged on the lower section of the channel-shaped work piece holder.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:Channel-shaped workpiece is while upper side and downside of the clamping in clamping plate, clamping is in upside During face, channel-shaped workpiece is directly tipped upside down on clamping plate, the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece is contacted with the upper side of clamping plate, groove Two vertical inner walls of shape workpiece are contacted with leading flank and trailing flank respectively to be adjacent to;Again with positioning briquetting by the left and right two of channel-shaped workpiece Side is clamped, and the outer bottom of the lateral blocks of positioning briquetting and the channel-shaped workpiece of back-off is adjacent to, vertical block and corresponding left surface or the right side Contacts side surfaces are adjacent to, and the positioning briquetting of L-shaped is installed on the upper side and left surface or right flank and crossed the corner to be formed, then The positioning briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank by fishbolt through the vertical block;Clamping plate Front and back sides limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece in fore-and-aft direction;Positioning briquetting and fishbolt limit channel-shaped workpiece vertical The motion in direction, channel-shaped workpiece is carried in left and right finally by push-tight cylinder by connecting plate push-tight to connecting plate together, is limited The motion in direction, clamping is stable, convenient processing.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of one embodiment of the present of invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of one embodiment of channel-shaped work piece holder in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the first mounting means of channel-shaped workpiece Yu clamping plate in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of channel-shaped workpiece and second of mounting means of clamping plate in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the partial enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the top view of one embodiment of the present of invention.
Wherein:Base 1;
Channel-shaped work piece holder 2, connecting plate 201, fixing axle 202;Clamping plate 203, leading flank 2031, right flank 2032, on 2033, groove 2034 sideways;Positioning briquetting 204, lateral blocks 2041, vertical block 2042;Fishbolt 205, push-tight cylinder 206, Connecting bolt 207;
Channel-shaped workpiece 3, fastening spring 4, side pawl 5, back-moving spring 6, rotary cylinder 7, bearing block 8, through hole 9, lathe bed 10, bed Saddle 11, column 12, tool magazine 13, head 14, main shaft 15, workbench 16, Y-axis slide rail 17, Z axis slide rail 18, X-axis slide rail 19.
Embodiment
Further illustrate technical scheme below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 7, a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, including machine Bed and the channel-shaped work piece holder on lathe;The lathe be multiple degrees of freedom lathe, including lathe bed 10, saddle 11, column 12, Tool magazine 13, head 14, main shaft 15 and workbench 16, the workbench 16 are arranged on the lathe bed 10, the bed along its length Saddle 11 is arranged on the side of the workbench 16;
Column 12 and tool magazine 13 are arranged in the saddle 11, and the column 12 is slidably mounted by Y-axis slide rail 17 In the saddle 11, the tool magazine 13 and column are separate, not load-bearing mutually;Column 12 is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail 18, the head 14 is for linear motion by Z axis motor drives edge Z axis slide rail 18;X is provided with along the length direction of the lathe bed Axle slide rail 19, the saddle along the X-axis slide rail 19 on lathe bed it is for linear motion;
The channel-shaped work piece holder 2 includes base 1, channel-shaped work piece holder 2, connecting plate 201, fixing axle 202, clamping plate 203rd, positioning briquetting 204, fishbolt 205 and push-tight cylinder 206;
Two connecting plates 201 are set in parallel in the base 1, and two fixing axles 202 are set in parallel in two Between the connecting plate 201, and position relationship between fixing axle 202 and connecting plate 201 is is mutually perpendicular to;The clamping plate 203 two ends are slidably serially connected in two fixing axles 202 respectively, and some clamping plates 203 are arranged on two connecting plates 201 Between;
As shown in Figures 5 and 6, the clamping plate 203 is with leading flank 2031, trailing flank, left surface, right flank 2032nd, the platy structure of upper side 2033 and downside composition, the leading flank 2031 and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove 2034, The groove 2034 be the end face of the leading flank 2031 and trailing flank along perpendicular to the direction of the end face, to the clamping plate 203 inner recess is formed, and length direction extension of the groove 2034 along the clamping plate 203;
The positioning briquetting 204 is the L-shaped structure being made of one piece by lateral blocks 2041 and the two parts of vertical block 2042, The lateral blocks 2041 are installed on the upper side 2033 and left surface, right flank 2032 and crossed the corner to be formed, vertical block 2042 are fitted in the corresponding left surface or right flank 2032 of the clamping plate 203, and fishbolt 205 passes through the vertical block The positioning briquetting 204 is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank 2032 by 2042;The push-tight cylinder 206 is by some clampings The direction of the connecting plate 201 thereto of plate 203 is promoted, and all clamping plates 203 are clamped.
In the technical program, channel-shaped workpiece 3 has two kinds of different installation way on the clamping plate 203:
The first installation way:As shown in Figures 3 and 4, channel-shaped workpiece 3 can simultaneously clamping clamping plate 203 upper side 2033 and downside, illustrated in case of clamping is in upper side 2033, channel-shaped workpiece 3 is directly tipped upside down on into clamping plate On 203, the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is set to be contacted with the upper side 2033 of clamping plate 203, two vertical inner walls of channel-shaped workpiece 3 Contact and be adjacent to leading flank 2031 and trailing flank respectively;The left and right sides of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is clamped with positioning briquetting 204 again, it is fixed The lateral blocks 2041 and the outer bottom of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 of back-off of position briquetting 204 are adjacent to, vertical block 2042 and corresponding left surface or The contact of right flank 2032 is adjacent to, and the positioning briquetting 204 of L-shaped is installed on the upper side 2033 and handed over left surface or right flank 2032 The corner that remittance is formed, then the positioning briquetting 204 is fixed on accordingly by fishbolt 205 through the vertical block 2042 Left surface or right flank 2032;The front and back sides of clamping plate 203 limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 in fore-and-aft direction;It is fixed Position briquetting 204 and fishbolt 205 limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 in vertical direction, will even finally by push-tight cylinder 206 The push-tight of fishplate bar 203 carries motion of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 in left and right directions to connecting plate 203 together, is limited.
Second of installation way:As shown in Figures 5 and 6, channel-shaped workpiece 3 can simultaneously clamping clamping plate 203 upper side 2033 and downside, illustrate second of installation way in case of clamping is in upper side 2033 --- two channel-shaped works Part 3 clamping in the front and rear sides (being illustrated in case of clamping is in leading flank 2031) of clamping plate 203, first can will simultaneously Channel-shaped workpiece 3 lies down placement so that the interior concave bottom surface of channel-shaped workpiece 3 is right against leading flank 2031, then being in channel-shaped workpiece 3 The trough rim of lower section is inserted in the groove 2034, shape that the trough rim in top is installed on upper side 2033 and leading flank 2031 crosses Into corner, the channel-shaped workpiece 3 on trailing flank is according to same way clamping;Then positioning briquetting 204 is used again by channel-shaped workpiece 3 The left and right sides clamp, the lateral blocks 2041 of positioning briquetting 204 are adjacent to the trough rim in top of channel-shaped workpiece 3, vertical block 2042 contact and are adjacent to corresponding left surface or right flank 2032, the positioning briquetting 204 of L-shaped be installed on the upper side 2033 with Left surface or right flank 2032 cross the corner to be formed, then will be described fixed through the vertical block 2042 fishbolt 205 Position briquetting 204 is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank 2032;The front and back sides of clamping plate 203 limit channel-shaped workpiece 3 fore-and-aft direction motion;Positioning briquetting 204 and fishbolt 205 limit motion of the channel-shaped workpiece 3 in vertical direction, most The push-tight of connecting plate 203 is carried in left and right directions by channel-shaped workpiece 3 to connecting plate 203 together, is limited by push-tight cylinder 206 afterwards Motion;Such installation way is used to use when processing the trough rim of channel-shaped workpiece, while clamping 4 on a packaged clamping plate 203 Workpiece, substantially increases the efficiency and processing efficiency of clamping.
X-axis motor (not shown) is driven into for linear motion, the Y-axis motor (figure in X-axis slide rail 19 of saddle 11 Do not show) drive column 12 for linear motion on Y-axis slide rail 17, Z axis motor (not shown) drives head 14 in Z axis slide rail It is for linear motion on 18, workpiece is accurately positioned so as to complete head 14 and fix a cutting tool, then and is processed, raising processing effect Rate;The cutter of different model is provided by tool magazine 13, and clamped one time can complete the processing of a variety of species.
The tool magazine 13 is arranged on the saddle 11 and positioned at the side of the column 12;Due to being provided with inside tool magazine 13 More than ten metal knifes, its volume is big, and weight is big, and tool magazine 13 is directly installed on into column in order to save space in the prior art 12, so column 12 will bear the weight and inertia of tool magazine 13 in process, and tool magazine 13 is necessarily disposed on column 12 side, column 12 has the torsion of upset, makes the force unbalance of column 12, thus column 12 machining accuracy have compared with Big influence.In order to avoid this problem, tool magazine 13 and column 12 is separate, the force unbalance situation of column 12 is kept away completely Exempt from, so as to improve machining accuracy, extend the life-span of lathe.
More than one described base 1 is arranged in the workbench 16, processes after a channel-shaped workpiece 3, drives institute State saddle 11 to move along X-direction, the channel-shaped workpiece 3 that each base 1 is clamped is processed successively;The workpiece processed is laid down in time, is changed Upper new workpiece to be processed, continues to process during saddle 11 is back moved, greatly increases operating efficiency.
Provided with fastening spring 4, the fastening spring 4 sequentially passes through the positioning again after being sleeved on the fishbolt 205 Channel-shaped workpiece 3 is fixed behind the side of briquetting 204 and clamping plate 203.
Fishbolt 205 is passed through behind positioning briquetting 204, the side of clamping plate 203, and fastening spring 207 is compressed in positioning Between the lid of briquetting 204 and fishbolt 205, spring enhances positioning briquetting by the restoring force that its backward two ends of compression are produced Clamping force between 204 and clamping plate 203, it is ensured that the stability of clamping.
The lateral blocks 2041 are made up of two side pawls 5, the side pawl 5 by described one end of vertical plate 2042 edge Yan Shui Square formed to after extension, the lateral blocks 2041 in horizontal direction are U-shape structure.
The structure of entire plate is replaced with two side pawls 5, the contact area of lateral blocks 2041 and channel-shaped workpiece 3 is reduced, In the case that power is suitable, pressure is added, while avoiding damage of the power to the surface of channel-shaped workpiece 3 during clamping.
Back-moving spring 6 is provided between the clamping plate 203 and clamping plate 203, the back-moving spring 6 is serially connected in the fixation Axle 202.When clamping plate 203 is clamped, clamping plate 203 extrudes back-moving spring therebetween, the back-moving spring compressed with clamping plate 203 Act on the clamping plate 203 of its both sides, improve steady when clamping plate 203 is clamped in order to recover the restoring force produced by deformation It is qualitative;On the other hand, when channel-shaped workpiece 3 needs unloading after machining, after the expansion link retraction of push-tight cylinder 206, clamping plate 203 are flicked under the restoring force effect of back-moving spring so that have gap cooperation between each clamping plate 203.
The push-tight cylinder 206 is located at the outside of the connecting plate 201, and the expansion link of push-tight cylinder 206 passes through the company The connection through hole of fishplate bar 201 is fixedly connected after entering the inner side of connecting plate 201 with nearest clamping plate 203.Propulsion cylinder 206 is set Put in the outside of connecting plate 201, be easily installed, and more fully make use of the inner space of connecting plate 201 to be used to set clamping plate 203。
Two connecting plates 201 are connected by connecting bolt 207, and the outside of connecting bolt 207 from the connecting plate 201 is worn Enter, and fixed by nut after being passed from the connecting plate 201 for being provided with the push-tight cylinder 206.
Push-tight cylinder 206 promotes all clamping plates 203 to the connecting plate 201 of offside, and all clamping plates 203 are clamped, This connecting plate 201 is also by the motive force from connecting plate 201, in the technical program, and bolt is inserted from this end, prevents final Fixed nut loosens or come off in the presence of above-mentioned motive force, it is ensured that the use of fixture.
The channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is fixed on the base 1 by rotary cylinder 7, when fixed, the rotary cylinder 7 The upper surface of levelling block and the connecting plate 201 is extruded, the length of the base 1 according to can set simultaneously two groups and with The specification of upper channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is set.
Channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is fixed by rotary cylinder 7, limitation channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is in the motion of vertical direction, clamping It is stable;Directly base 1 is put on lathe again workpiece is processed, convenient operation.
When the channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is arranged on the base 1, the connecting bolt 207 in inner side is set by bearing block 8 Put in the base 1, the rotary cylinder 7 is arranged on the offside of the bearing block 8.
One group of channel-shaped work piece holder 2 is arranged on base 1, and channel-shaped workpiece 3 is separately fixed at into clamping plate about 203 End, during processing, will first be machined in conplane channel-shaped workpiece 3, then rotary cylinder 7 is unclamped, by whole channel-shaped work Part fixture 2 is lifted so that bearing of the connecting bolt 207 in bearing block 8 is rotated after 180 degree, before in lower flat Upper plane is arrived in the unprocessed displacement of channel-shaped workpiece 3, can proceed processing, and the workpiece processed is in lower flat.
The base 1 is provided with through hole 9, and the through hole 9 is arranged on the lower section of the channel-shaped work piece holder 2.What processing was produced Useless expense slag of cutting is fallen on row's turning device of lathe by through hole 9, easy cleaning.
The technical principle of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain the present invention's Principle, and limiting the scope of the invention can not be construed in any way.Based on explanation herein, the technology of this area Personnel, which would not require any inventive effort, can associate other embodiments of the present invention, and these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp, including lathe and the channel-shaped workpiece clamp on lathe Tool, it is characterised in that:The lathe is multiple degrees of freedom lathe, including lathe bed, saddle, column, tool magazine, head, main shaft and work Platform, the workbench is arranged on the lathe bed along its length, and the saddle is arranged on the side of the workbench;
Column and tool magazine are arranged in the saddle, and the column can be slidably mounted at the saddle by Y-axis slide rail, described Tool magazine and column are separate, not load-bearing mutually;Column is vertically provided with Z axis slide rail, and the head is by Z axis motor Drives edge Z axis slide rail is for linear motion;X-axis slide rail is provided with along the length direction of the lathe bed, the saddle is slided along the X-axis Rail is for linear motion on lathe bed;
The channel-shaped work piece holder includes base, connecting plate, fixing axle, clamping plate, positioning briquetting, fishbolt and push-tight gas Cylinder, the base is fixed on the workbench;
Two connecting plates are set in parallel in the base, two fixing axles be set in parallel in two connecting plates it Between, and position relationship between fixing axle and connecting plate is is mutually perpendicular to;The two ends of the clamping plate are slidably serially connected in respectively In two fixing axles, some clamping plates are arranged between two connecting plates;
The clamping plate is the platy structure constituted with leading flank, trailing flank, left surface, right flank, upper side and downside, The leading flank and trailing flank are respectively equipped with groove, and the groove is the end face of the leading flank and trailing flank along perpendicular to the end The direction in face, is formed to the inner recess of the clamping plate, and length direction extension of the groove along the clamping plate;
The positioning briquetting is the L-shaped structure being made of one piece by lateral blocks and vertical block two parts, the lateral blocks clamp Crossed the corner to be formed in the upper side and left surface, right flank, vertical block is fitted in a corresponding left side for the clamping plate The positioning briquetting is fixed on corresponding left surface or right flank by side or right flank, fishbolt through the vertical block; The push-tight cylinder promotes the direction of some clamping plates connecting plate thereto, by all clamping board clampings;
Two connecting plates are connected by connecting bolt, and the connecting bolt is penetrated on the outside of connecting plate, and described from being provided with The connecting plate of push-tight cylinder is fixed after passing by nut;The channel-shaped work piece holder is fixed on the bottom by rotary cylinder Seat, when fixed, the upper surface of the levelling block of the rotary cylinder and the connecting plate is extruded, and the length of the base is pressed Set according to the specification of two groups and above channel-shaped work piece holder can be set simultaneously;The channel-shaped work piece holder is arranged on the base When, the connecting bolt in inner side is arranged on the base by bearing block, and the rotary cylinder is arranged on the bearing block Offside.
2. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:If There is fastening spring, the fastening spring is sleeved on the side for sequentially passing through the positioning briquetting and clamping plate after the fishbolt again Channel-shaped workpiece is fixed behind face.
3. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Lateral blocks are stated to be made up of two side pawls, the side pawl by described vertical plate one end edge it is horizontally extending after formed, water Square upward lateral blocks are U-shape structure.
4. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute State and back-moving spring is provided between clamping plate and clamping plate, the back-moving spring is serially connected in the fixing axle.
5. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute The outside that push-tight cylinder is located at the connecting plate is stated, the connection through hole of expansion link through the connecting plate of push-tight cylinder, which enters, to be connected It is fixedly connected after on the inside of fishplate bar with nearest clamping plate.
6. a kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Institute Base is stated provided with through hole, the through hole is arranged on the lower section of the channel-shaped work piece holder.
CN201510420338.7A 2015-07-16 2015-07-16 A kind of multiple degrees of freedom lathe for configuring channel-shaped workpiece High efficient clamp Active CN104972338B (en)

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