CN211814487U - Chinese herbal medicine extraction element - Google Patents

Chinese herbal medicine extraction element Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN211814487U
CN211814487U CN201921837123.5U CN201921837123U CN211814487U CN 211814487 U CN211814487 U CN 211814487U CN 201921837123 U CN201921837123 U CN 201921837123U CN 211814487 U CN211814487 U CN 211814487U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fermentation tank
pipeline
tank body
steam
chinese herbal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201921837123.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘本德
Original Assignee
刘本德
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘本德 filed Critical 刘本德
Priority to CN201921837123.5U priority Critical patent/CN211814487U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211814487U publication Critical patent/CN211814487U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device, which comprises a fermentation tank, a stirring device, an ultrasonic device and a pipeline system; the fermentation tank comprises a fermentation tank body, a fermentation tank jacket layer and a fermentation tank body cover, wherein the fermentation tank jacket layer is positioned in the fermentation tank body; the cover of the fermentation tank body is provided with an exhaust port and a sampling port; a connecting port is arranged in the middle of the cover of the fermentation tank body; the stirring device comprises a stirring motor and a stirring shaft; the ultrasonic device is arranged on the side of the cover of the fermentation tank body, and the ultrasonic end of the ultrasonic device is connected with the connecting port; the pipeline system comprises an air inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline and a sewage discharge pipeline, wherein the air inlet pipeline comprises a steam pipeline and a gas pipeline which are arranged in parallel, and the steam pipeline and the gas pipeline are communicated with the air inlet through an air inlet pipe at the junction. The utility model discloses a chinese herbal medicine extraction element extraction rate is high.

Description

Chinese herbal medicine extraction element
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a separator technical field especially relates to a chinese herbal medicine extraction element.
Background
The chemical components contained in the traditional Chinese medicine are very complex, and not only contain various effective components, but also have ineffective components and also contain toxic components. Extracting the effective components of the effective monomers, and further separating and purifying the effective components to obtain the effective monomers is an important content in the research field of traditional Chinese medicines. The extraction of the traditional Chinese medicine is to extract the effective components in the traditional Chinese medicine to the maximum extent by utilizing certain technologies, so that the internal quality and the clinical treatment effect of the traditional Chinese medicine preparation are improved, and the effect of the traditional Chinese medicine is exerted to the maximum extent.
The extraction of the whole components of the plants is another new direction of the technical development. The traditional Chinese medicine always takes all Chinese herbal medicines as medicaments to be decocted. Modern medicine has extracted a component of Chinese herbal medicine which is effective for some symptoms or bacteria for the first few years, but after a while, the therapeutic effect of the component on symptoms is reduced and the bacteria also produce antibodies. This does not occur when the whole ingredients of the Chinese herbal medicine are pulverized for treatment. On the other hand, some diseases can be treated by using certain extracted components in the Chinese herbal medicines, and the components are toxic and have harmful effect on human bodies when being eaten. However, if all the components of the plant are taken together as the medicine, the curative effect is not changed, and other components contained in the plant can relieve the toxicity of the therapeutic components. In the aspect of food and health care products, when certain effective components in the plants are extracted, other components left in the plants are wasted, and the wasted components also contain a plurality of substances beneficial to human bodies. Therefore, the extraction of the whole components of the plant has important significance. However, the extraction rate of all the components of the existing Chinese herbal medicine extraction device is not high, so that the development of a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device with high extraction rate becomes a technical problem to be solved urgently.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provides a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device which integrates a gas pipeline and an ultrasonic device; therefore, the wall breaking rate of the cell wall can reach 98.6% by the combination of the introduced inert gas and the ultrasonic wave.
The utility model discloses a realize like this:
the utility model aims to provide a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device, which comprises a fermentation tank, a stirring device, an ultrasonic device and a pipeline system;
the fermentation tank comprises a fermentation tank body, a fermentation tank jacket layer and a fermentation tank body cover, wherein the fermentation tank jacket layer is positioned in the fermentation tank body; the fermentation tank body cover is detachably connected with the fermentation tank body, and an exhaust port and a sampling port are formed in the fermentation tank body cover; a connecting port is arranged in the middle of the cover of the fermentation tank body;
the stirring device comprises a stirring motor and a stirring shaft; one end of the stirring shaft is positioned in the fermentation tank body, and the other end of the stirring shaft is connected with the power output end of the stirring motor;
the ultrasonic device is arranged on the side of the cover of the fermentation tank body, and the ultrasonic end of the ultrasonic device is connected with a connecting port of the cover of the fermentation tank body;
the pipeline system comprises an air inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline and a sewage discharge pipeline, wherein the water inlet pipeline is communicated with the water inlet, the water outlet pipeline is communicated with the water outlet, and the sewage discharge pipeline is communicated with a sewage discharge outlet; the air inlet pipeline comprises a steam pipeline and an air pipeline which are arranged in parallel, and the steam pipeline and the air pipeline are communicated with the air inlet through an air inlet pipe at the junction.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model has the advantages of as follows and effect:
the utility model provides a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device, the air inlet pipeline includes parallelly connected steam line and the gas pipeline that sets up, during operation, adds the Chinese herbal medicine feed inlet (and adds some broken wall reaction liquid), lets in inert gas through the gas pipeline earlier, opens ultrasonic device and carries out supersound until the inert gas who adds volatilizees, and supersound is over; the traditional Chinese herbal medicine extraction device adopts steam with higher temperature for heating and sterilizing; and we only need to adopt the steam that heaies up to 50 ~ 60 ℃, and the utility model discloses an ultrasonic wave plays the effect of deactivation so need not the steam of higher temperature, and the inert gas (argon gas) that lets in + the combination of ultrasonic wave is favorable to the extraction of chinese herbal medicine.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a Chinese herbal medicine extracting device provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of a part of the structure of a Chinese herbal medicine extracting device provided by the embodiment of the present invention;
1. a fermentation tank; 11. a fermentation tank body; 12. a fermentation tank jacket layer; 13. a cover of the fermentation tank body; 14. an air inlet; 15. a water inlet; 16. a feed inlet; 17. a sewage draining outlet; 18. a water outlet; 13-1, an exhaust port; 13-2, a sampling port; 13-3, connecting ports; 19. a temperature sensor interface; 2. a stirring device; 21. a stirring motor; 22. a stirring shaft; 3. an ultrasonic device; 4. a piping system; 41. an air inlet pipe; 42. a vapor filter; 43. a pressure reducing valve; 44. a sterilizing filter; q1, intake valve; q2, a second steam switch valve; q3, third gas switching valve; q4, exhaust valve; q5, connecting pipe switch valve; q6, a second gas switching valve; q7, degerming filter switch valve; q8, a first steam switch valve; q9, first gas switching valve; q10, a steam valve I is communicated with a sampling port; q11, a steam valve II is communicated with a sampling port; q12, a sampling port exhaust valve; q13, a blowdown valve; q14, water inlet valve; q15, water outlet valve; q16, exhaust valve.
Detailed Description
The embodiment provides a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device, which comprises a fermentation tank 1, a stirring device 2, an ultrasonic device 3 and a pipeline system 4;
the fermentation tank 1 comprises a fermentation tank body 11, a fermentation tank jacket layer 12 and a fermentation tank body cover 13, wherein the fermentation tank body is positioned in the fermentation tank body, and the fermentation tank is provided with an air inlet 14, a water inlet 15, a feed inlet 16, a sewage outlet 17 and a water outlet 18; the fermentation tank body cover 13 is detachably connected with the fermentation tank body 11, and an exhaust port 13-1 and a sampling port 13-2 are arranged on the fermentation tank body cover 13; a connecting port 13-3 is arranged in the middle of the cover of the fermentation tank body;
the stirring device 2 comprises a stirring motor 21 and a stirring shaft 22; one end of the stirring shaft 22 is positioned in the fermentation tank body 11, and the other end of the stirring shaft is connected with the power output end of the stirring motor 21;
the ultrasonic device 3 is arranged on the side of the fermentation tank body cover 13, and the ultrasonic end of the ultrasonic device 3 is connected with a connecting port 13-3 of the fermentation tank body cover 13 (when the ultrasonic device 3 is not connected with the connecting port 13-3, a connecting cover which can be detachably connected is arranged at the connecting port 13-3);
the pipeline system 4 comprises an air inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline and a sewage discharge pipeline, wherein the water inlet pipeline is communicated with the water inlet, the water outlet pipeline is communicated with the water outlet, and the sewage discharge pipeline is communicated with a sewage discharge outlet; the air inlet pipeline comprises a steam pipeline and a gas pipeline which are arranged in parallel, and the steam pipeline and the gas pipeline are communicated with the air inlet 14 at a junction through an air inlet pipe 41.
The utility model provides a Chinese herbal medicine extraction device, wherein an air inlet pipeline comprises a steam pipeline and a gas pipeline which are arranged in parallel, and when a fermentation tank is empty, the steam pipeline is opened to introduce steam for sterilization; during working, the Chinese herbal medicine feed inlet is added (and some wall-breaking reaction liquid is added) and the stirring device 2 is started to stir, inert gas is introduced through a gas pipeline, meanwhile, the ultrasonic device 3 is started to carry out ultrasonic treatment until the added inert gas is volatilized, and the ultrasonic treatment is finished;
when the traditional Chinese herbal medicine extraction device is used for extracting Chinese herbal medicines, steam with higher temperature is needed for heating and sterilizing by adopting steam; and we only need adopt and heat up to 50 ~ 60 ℃ of steam, let in inert gas (like argon gas) through the gas pipeline, open ultrasonic device simultaneously and carry out supersound to the inert gas who adds volatilize, and the supersound finishes, and the ultrasonic wave plays the effect of deactivation so need not the steam of higher temperature (the utility model discloses just adopt high temperature steam sterilization when only the fermentation cylinder disappears), and the inert gas (argon gas) that just lets in + the ultrasonic wave combination is favorable to the extraction of chinese herbal medicine: argon is added into the fermentation tank, and pressure is increased to ensure that the wall-breaking reaction liquid added firstly is fully contacted with cell walls; secondly, the argon gas has stable property, and almost no heating effect is generated by pressurization, which is beneficial to protecting effective pharmacological components in cells from being damaged; thirdly, micro-cavitation is formed under the action of ultrasonic waves, cell walls can be damaged, the temperature rise effect caused by the action of the ultrasonic waves is reduced due to the fact that argon is inert gas, the cell walls can be deformed, intracellular components can be analyzed, and effective pharmacological components can be guaranteed not to be damaged due to the low temperature; fourthly, after the ultrasonic action is finished, the added argon gas is basically volatilized, and the next extraction and separation are not influenced; fifthly, inert gas and ultrasonic waves are adopted, and bubbles formed by the gas are broken like a small bomb under the action of the ultrasonic waves, so that the breakage of cell walls is facilitated. Thereby obtaining the Chinese herbal medicine extract.
Preferably, the steam pipeline and the gas pipeline are communicated through a connecting pipe, and a switch valve Q5 is arranged on the connecting pipe.
Preferably, the air inlet pipe is provided with an air inlet valve Q1 at the junction, and the steam pipeline is provided with a first steam switch valve Q8, a steam filter and a second steam switch valve Q2 in sequence; and the gas pipeline is sequentially provided with a first gas switch valve Q9, a pressure reducing valve, a second gas switch valve Q6, a sterilizing filter and a third gas switch valve Q3.
Preferably, the outlet end of the sterilizing filter is provided with a sterilizing filter switch valve Q7, and the outlet end of the sterilizing filter is connected with the sewage pipeline through the sterilizing filter switch valve Q7.
Preferably, the stirring paddle is arranged on the stirring shaft and is arranged in the fermentation tank body; the stirring paddles are arranged in a plurality of and are arranged on the stirring shaft in a cross manner. The stirring paddle is in a cross-shaped arrangement, so that the stirring area is increased, the working time is reduced, the working efficiency is improved, and the stirring quality is ensured.
Preferably, a temperature sensor interface 19 is also arranged on the fermentation tank. The temperature detection is convenient.
Preferably, the fermentation tank is also provided with a pressure gauge. The pressure in the fermentation tank can be conveniently detected.
Preferably, a lamp sight glass is further arranged on the fermentation tank. The fermentation state in the fermentation tank can be observed conveniently.
The utility model provides a pair of Chinese herbal medicine extraction element's application method does:
1. sterilization of pipelines
The Q8 valve, Q5 valve, and Q7 valve are opened and the vapor on the gas line passes through the vapor filter 42 and then into the sterilizing filter 44. In the air-sterilizing process, the Q3 valve and the exhaust valve Q4 at the lower end of the sterilizing filter 44 are slightly opened to drain condensed water. The air-slaking time lasts for about 30 minutes, and when the equipment is started after being used for the first time or not used for a long time, intermittent air-slaking is preferably adopted, namely air-slaking is carried out once every 3 to 5 hours after the first air-slaking so as to eliminate spores. And (3) ventilating and drying the steam filter 42 and the sterilizing filter 44 after air sterilization for about 20-30 minutes, and then closing the valve. Since the pressure reducing valve 43 cannot be steam-sterilized, the Q9 and Q6 valves are not opened.
2. Fermentation tank air eliminator
Before the fermentation tank is empty, opening a drain valve Q13 (so that the pressure in the jacket is not overpressure), closing Q3, slightly opening Q4, opening a steam valve Q2, opening Q1 and introducing steam into the tank; and opening the Q10 and the Q11 to introduce steam into the tank through the sampling port.
The feed inlet 16, the exhaust valve Q16 and the valve Q13 on the sewage discharge pipeline on the tank are slightly opened, so that steam is discharged through the valves, timing is started after the humidity reaches 122 ℃, the opening degrees of the valves Q16, Q1 and Q10 are adjusted, the temperature in the tank is kept between 122 ℃ and 128 ℃ (the pressure is generally between 0.11 and 0.15MPa), and the temperature and the pressure of air digestion can be adjusted according to the process.
And when the time reaches 30-40 minutes, closing Q1, Q4 and Q10, then closing Q2 and Q11, opening valves Q3 and Q1 on the air inlet pipeline to introduce air into the tank for cooling, and keeping the positive pressure in the tank between 0.03MPa and 0.05 MPa.
When the rapid cooling is needed, the sewage discharge valve Q13 is closed, the water inlet valve Q14 is opened to lead cooling water to the jacket for cooling, and the cooling water is closed after the temperature reaches the normal temperature. In special cases, intermittent air-blowing (air-blowing once every 3-5 hours to eliminate spores) can be adopted.
3. Adding culture medium and inoculating
(1) After the air digestion is finished, the air inlet valve Q1 is closed, the Q16 is opened to remove the pressure in the fermentation tank, and Chinese herbal medicines and the wall breaking reaction liquid are added into the fermentation tank, so that the Chinese herbal medicines are immersed in the wall breaking reaction liquid.
(2) Starting the mechanical stirring device, rotating at low speed to uniformly mix the materials in the tank.
(3) Opening a jacket blowdown valve Q13 and a steam valve Q10, and preheating the culture medium in the tank (preheating by jacket steam introduction) to 50-60 ℃; or injecting hot water into a jacket of the fermentation tank to keep the temperature at 50-60 ℃;
(4) then, the combination of the introduced inert gas (argon gas) and ultrasonic waves is adopted for inactivation and the extraction of the Chinese herbal medicines. The method specifically comprises the following steps:
open valve Q9, Q6, Q3, Q1, let in inert gas (like argon gas) through gas line, open ultrasonic device 3 simultaneously and carry out the supersound and volatilize to the inert gas who adds, the supersound finishes, (the utility model discloses a chinese herbal medicine separator just adopts high temperature steam sterilization when only the fermentation cylinder disappears), and the inert gas (argon gas) that lets in + the ultrasonic wave combination be favorable to the extraction of chinese herbal medicine to obtain the traditional chinese medicine extract:
after the ultrasonic treatment is finished, the pressure in the fermentation tank is removed, the cover 13 of the fermentation tank body is opened, all the materials (namely the Chinese herbal medicine extracting solution) after the wall breaking is finished are removed, and the materials are transferred to a microwave extraction instrument for microwave extraction; the heating time of the microwave extraction instrument is 1-2 min; the frequency of the microwave extraction is 300-500 MHz; filtering and separating to obtain the desired extract.
The present invention is not limited to the above-described preferred embodiments, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A Chinese herbal medicine extraction device is characterized by comprising a fermentation tank, a stirring device, an ultrasonic device and a pipeline system;
the fermentation tank comprises a fermentation tank body, a fermentation tank jacket layer and a fermentation tank body cover, wherein the fermentation tank jacket layer is positioned in the fermentation tank body; the fermentation tank body cover is detachably connected with the fermentation tank body, and an exhaust port and a sampling port are formed in the fermentation tank body cover; a connecting port is arranged in the middle of the cover of the fermentation tank body;
the stirring device comprises a stirring motor and a stirring shaft; one end of the stirring shaft is positioned in the fermentation tank body, and the other end of the stirring shaft is connected with the power output end of the stirring motor;
the ultrasonic device is arranged on the side of the cover of the fermentation tank body, and the ultrasonic end of the ultrasonic device is connected with a connecting port of the cover of the fermentation tank body;
the pipeline system comprises an air inlet pipeline, a water outlet pipeline and a sewage discharge pipeline, wherein the water inlet pipeline is communicated with the water inlet, the water outlet pipeline is communicated with the water outlet, and the sewage discharge pipeline is communicated with a sewage discharge outlet; the air inlet pipeline comprises a steam pipeline and an air pipeline which are arranged in parallel, and the steam pipeline and the air pipeline are communicated with the air inlet through an air inlet pipe at the junction.
2. The chinese herbal medicine extracting apparatus as set forth in claim 1, wherein the steam line and the gas line are communicated through a connection pipe, and a connection pipe switching valve Q5 is provided on the connection pipe.
3. The device for extracting Chinese herbal medicine according to claim 1, wherein said air intake pipe is provided with an air intake valve Q1 at said junction, and said steam pipe is provided with a first steam switch valve Q8, a steam filter and a second steam switch valve Q2 in sequence; and the gas pipeline is sequentially provided with a first gas switch valve Q9, a pressure reducing valve, a second gas switch valve Q6, a sterilizing filter and a third gas switch valve Q3.
4. The herb extraction apparatus as set forth in claim 3, wherein said sterilizing filter has an outlet end provided with a sterilizing filter switch valve Q7, said outlet end being connected to said sewage line through said sterilizing filter switch valve Q7.
5. The herb extraction device of claim 1, wherein said agitation means further comprises an agitator paddle disposed within said fermenter; the stirring paddles are arranged in a plurality of and are arranged on the stirring shaft in a cross manner.
6. The device for extracting chinese herbal medicine of claim 1, wherein said fermenter further comprises a temperature sensor port.
7. The device for extracting chinese herbal medicine of claim 1, wherein said fermenter is further provided with a pressure gauge.
8. The herb extraction device of claim 1, wherein said fermenter further comprises a light viewing mirror.
CN201921837123.5U 2019-10-29 2019-10-29 Chinese herbal medicine extraction element Active CN211814487U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921837123.5U CN211814487U (en) 2019-10-29 2019-10-29 Chinese herbal medicine extraction element

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921837123.5U CN211814487U (en) 2019-10-29 2019-10-29 Chinese herbal medicine extraction element

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211814487U true CN211814487U (en) 2020-10-30

Family

ID=73146934

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921837123.5U Active CN211814487U (en) 2019-10-29 2019-10-29 Chinese herbal medicine extraction element

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211814487U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110664909A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 刘本德 Wall-breaking extraction method of Chinese herbal medicine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110664909A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-01-10 刘本德 Wall-breaking extraction method of Chinese herbal medicine

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN105832659A (en) Production technology of traditional Chinese medicine injection
CN211814487U (en) Chinese herbal medicine extraction element
CN105663223A (en) Fermented extraction method of pueraria root flavone
CN106490608A (en) A kind of Herba Dendrobii enhancing immunity oral liquid, electuary, capsule, tablet
CN104189095B (en) Preparation process of oral liquid for treating cold
CN202478645U (en) Ultrasonic extraction and concentration circulation device
CN105476853B (en) A kind of Chinese medicine cooks, stews device and method
CN102526362A (en) Method for preparing heat-clearing inflammation-eliminating radix tetrastigme oral liquid
CN110747121A (en) Chinese herbal medicine extraction element
CN112274635A (en) Liquid feed additive for solving intestinal problems of animals and preparation method thereof
CN213663616U (en) Production device of piglet liquid milk rich in effective components of traditional Chinese medicines
CN206315508U (en) A kind of extraction element that polyphenol is extracted from Echinacea
CN208660458U (en) A kind of Chinese herbal medicine alcohol precipitation processing unit for herbal tea
CN105997690A (en) Dendrobium officinale facial cleanser and preparation method thereof
CN208161434U (en) A kind of compounding medicine tank with quick nitrogen charging device
CN210698888U (en) Extraction element of stevioside
CN203329405U (en) Multipurpose constant temperature ultrasound water bath tank
CN105797425B (en) The oxygen barrier extractor of natural plant composition ultrasound
CN101879238A (en) Medicinal composition for preventing and controlling chicken colibacillosis and preparation method thereof
CN108324921A (en) It is a kind of that there is the pharmaceutical composition and preparation method thereof dispelled tumour, protect gastric mucosa function
CN211099000U (en) Sterilization device is prepared to protein medicine freeze-dried powder injection
CN207330947U (en) Brain protein extraction hydrolyzes Multifunction tank
CN212091001U (en) Animal remedy medicinal material extraction element
CN208710637U (en) A kind of double film plasma exchange transfer liquid storage devices
CN215505592U (en) Traditional chinese medicine draws concentrated integrative device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant