CN211458787U - Sunflower seed husking cleaner - Google Patents

Sunflower seed husking cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211458787U
CN211458787U CN201922014644.7U CN201922014644U CN211458787U CN 211458787 U CN211458787 U CN 211458787U CN 201922014644 U CN201922014644 U CN 201922014644U CN 211458787 U CN211458787 U CN 211458787U
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China
Prior art keywords
shelling
feeding
husking
gettering
cleaning
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CN201922014644.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊荣
卜斌
周加斌
侯华铭
张宁
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Shanxi Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sunflower seeds cleaning and sorting machine of shelling, rub shelling device, whirlwind cleaning plant and motor including frame, feeding screening plant, rolling shelling device, spiral, feeding screening plant includes feeding storehouse, vibrator and shale shaker, rolling shelling device includes shelling cylinder and notch board, shelling device is rubbed including the center pin to the spiral, moves the rubber stick, decides rubber stick, cone discharge gate and storage bucket, whirlwind cleaning plant includes feed inlet, feeding regulator, spiral pushing conveyer, thrower, pipeline, separation hemisphere body subassembly, air volume regulator, cyclone, gettering pipeline, gettering fan. The utility model discloses top-down has carried out twice operation of shelling to the sunflower seeds, adopts the aerodynamic principle to utilize the gettering fan to select separately to the shelled and come out. This design belongs to husking cleaning all-in-one, and is efficient, and the realization that can be fine is husked entirely, and the complete edulcoration still can guarantee the completeness and the cleanliness of seed benevolence simultaneously.

Description

Sunflower seed husking cleaner
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the sunflower seed processing equipment, especially, relate to a sunflower seed cleaning and sorting machine of shelling.
Background
Cleaning and separating are an important process for harvesting mixed materials, and currently, most cleaning mechanisms of hulling machines adopt wind-screen cleaning. The existing sunflower seed shucker mostly adopts an impact method and a rolling method, and the existing equipment has the following problems: firstly, the production cost of the equipment and the material loss rate, the kernel breakage rate and the production efficiency of the equipment cannot be well considered; and the husking and sorting work is realized by different machines respectively, so that the sectional processing mode reduces the production efficiency and increases the labor intensity. The von fresh and other people utility model of the taihu academy of stannum-free has provided a sunflower seed shucking machine, which adopts a centrifugal shelling device, only carries out once shelling operation, is only suitable for shelling of relatively dry sunflower seeds, and is difficult to ensure the integrity of the kernel. For sunflower seeds with slightly high humidity, the shell breaking force is not enough, and complete shell breaking is difficult to realize. The rotary vibration sunflower seed shucking splitter designed by the luyan, etc. uses a vibration motor and a fan to realize shucking and sorting, but the vibration motor has a large noise influence, and the winnowing is carried out in an open environment, thus easily polluting the environment.
Disclosure of Invention
Problem to prior art existence, the utility model aims to provide a sunflower seeds cleaning and sorting machine of shelling for realize the high-efficient operation of cleaning and shelling of sunflower seeds, realize the separation of shell and benevolence, improve the cleanliness of seed benevolence, whole benevolence rate reduces material loss rate.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme.
A sunflower seed husking and cleaning machine comprises a machine frame, a feeding screening device, a rolling husking device, a spiral rubbing husking device, a cyclone cleaning device and a motor. The feeding and screening device comprises a feeding bin, a vibrator and a vibrating screen. The shale shaker adopts four-bar linkage to realize the reciprocal vibration of straight line, accomplishes the two-stage reposition of redundant personnel according to size of a dimension to the sunflower seed, and the big person of seed grain moves right on the sifter of shale shaker, and the screen surface that gets into the right side through the right side guide plate rolls the peeling roller, and the seed grain is little to see through the shale shaker falls on the below conveyer belt, is carried then left side guide plate and gets into the right side and rolls the peeling roller. The screen box of the vibrating screen is hoisted on the frame by four suspension arms through bearings, and the bottom of the screen box is provided with a screen. The rolling and husking device comprises a husking roller and a concave plate. The outer ring of the shelling roller adopts a straight gear to bear the sunflower seeds, and a rubber layer which is pressed through curing is fixed on the tooth side of the straight gear. The hulling cylinder is connected with a shaft through a key, the shaft vertically penetrates through the hulling cylinder, and a belt pulley is arranged at the outer end extending to the rack. The shape of the concave plate is the same as that of the shelling roller, the concave plate is an open-type multi-semicircular material protection baffle, and a rubber layer is attached to the inner side surface of the concave plate. The spiral rubbing shelling device comprises a central shaft, a movable rubber rod driven by the central shaft, a fixed rubber rod fixed on the barrel wall of the shelling barrel, a cone discharge port and a collecting barrel. The two ends of the central shaft are matched with the bearings, and the bearings are arranged in bearing seats on the rack. The movable rubber rod and the fixed rubber rod are hard rubber rods, the movable rubber rods are uniformly distributed in a spiral line form around the central shaft, and the fixed rubber rods are uniformly distributed in a spiral line form on the wall of the shelling barrel in a crossed and corresponding mode with the movable rubber rods. The upper part of the cone discharge port is connected with the wall of the shelling barrel, the lower part of the cone discharge port is connected with the collecting barrel, and the cone discharge port and the collecting barrel serve as a feeding hopper of the cyclone cleaning device. A material collecting plate is arranged at the joint of the rolling husking device and the spiral rubbing husking device, and the materials processed by the rolling husking device are collected and guided into the spiral rubbing husking device. The cyclone cleaning device comprises a feeding port, a feeding regulator, a spiral pushing device, a throwing device, a conveying pipeline, a hemispherical separator component, an air volume regulator, a cyclone separating cylinder, a gettering pipeline and a gettering fan. The cyclone separating cylinder is internally and additionally provided with the hemisphere separating body assembly, so that the overlarge difference between the central air flow speed of the separating cylinder and the air flow speed close to the periphery of the cylinder wall can be avoided, the air flow speed and the pressure at each part of the lower part of the hemisphere separating body assembly are ensured to be in a more uniform state, meanwhile, the air flow speed at the upper part is increased, the pressure is reduced, a pressure difference from bottom to top is formed, and the impurity discharge is facilitated. The cyclone separating cylinder is divided into an upper part, a middle part and a lower part, the upper part is provided with a gettering port and is connected with a gettering fan through a gettering pipeline, the middle part is provided with a feeding port and is connected with a material throwing device through a conveying pipeline, the lower part is provided with a discharging port, and clean sunflower seeds fall into a material collecting box. The auger and the thrower are disposed on the support assembly. The motor is arranged at the lower right corner of the equipment and drives the worm and gear transmission device through the belt I so as to drive the central shaft and the left and right hulling drums; the impurity suction fan and the four-bar mechanism are driven by the second belt and the third belt.
The utility model discloses a sunflower seeds peeling separator top-down has carried out twice operation of shelling to the sunflower seeds, adopts the aerodynamic principle to utilize the gettering fan to select separately to the shelled thresher at last. This design belongs to husking cleaning all-in-one, and is efficient, and the realization that can be fine is husked entirely, and the complete edulcoration still can guarantee the completeness and the cleanliness of seed benevolence simultaneously.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the spiral rubbing hulling device of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a feeding bin, 2, a vibrating screen, 3, a conveying belt, 4, a suspension arm, 5, a screen box, 6, a belt pulley, 7, a guide plate, 8, a concave plate, 9, a shelling roller, 10, a material collecting plate, 11, a turbine worm transmission device, 12, a spiral rubbing shelling device, 13, a central shaft, 14, a movable rubber rod, 15, a fixed rubber rod, 16, a shelling barrel wall, 17, a cone discharge port, 18, a material collecting barrel, 19, a feeding port and 20, the device comprises a feeding regulator 21, a belt I, a belt 22, an auger conveyor 23, a thrower 24, a motor 25, a support assembly 26, a conveying pipeline 27, a material collecting box 28, a cyclone separating cylinder 29, a gettering fan 30, a belt II, a belt 31, a hemisphere separating assembly 32, an air volume regulator 33, a gettering pipeline 34, a four-bar mechanism 35, a rack 36, a vibrator 37, a belt III, a belt 38 and a fan support frame.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the sunflower seeds shelling and cleaning machine of the utility model comprises a frame 35, a feeding screening device, a rolling shelling device, a spiral rubbing shelling device 12, a cyclone cleaning device and a motor 24. The feed screening device comprises a feed bin 1, a vibrator 36 and a vibrating screen 2. The shale shaker 2 adopts four-bar linkage 34 to realize the reciprocal vibration of straight line, accomplishes the two-stage reposition of redundant personnel according to the size of a dimension to the sunflower seed, and the big person of seed grain moves right on the sifter of shale shaker 2, gets into right side rolling peeling drum 9 through right side guide plate 7, and the seed grain person sees through on the sifter of shale shaker 2 falls below conveyer belt 3, is carried left side guide plate 7 then and gets into the right side and rolls peeling drum 9. The screen box 5 of the vibrating screen 2 is hoisted on the frame 35 by four suspension arms 4 through bearings, and the bottom of the screen box 5 is provided with a screen. The roller compaction husking device comprises a husking roller 9 and a concave plate 8. The outer ring of the shelling roller 9 adopts a straight gear to bear the sunflower seeds, and a rubber layer which is cured and pressed is fixed on the tooth side of the straight gear. The hulling cylinder 9 is connected to a shaft by a key, the shaft vertically penetrates the hulling cylinder 9 and is provided with a pulley extending to the outer end of the frame. The shape of the concave plate 8 is the same as that of the hulling roller 9, the concave plate is an open-type multi-semicircular material protection baffle, and a rubber layer is attached to the inner side surface of the concave plate 8. The cyclone cleaning device comprises a feeding port 19, a feeding regulator 20, an auger 22, a throwing device 23, a conveying pipeline 26, a hemispherical separator assembly 31, an air volume regulator 32, a cyclone separating cylinder 28, a gettering pipeline 33 and a gettering fan 29. The hemisphere separation body assembly 31 is additionally arranged in the cyclone separation cylinder 28, so that the overlarge difference between the central air flow speed of the separation cylinder 28 and the air flow speed close to the periphery of the cylinder wall can be avoided, the air flow speed and pressure at all positions of the lower part of the hemisphere separation body assembly 31 are ensured to be in a more uniform state, meanwhile, the air flow speed at the upper part is increased, the pressure is reduced, a pressure difference from bottom to top is formed, and the impurity discharge is facilitated. The cyclone separating cylinder 28 is divided into an upper part, a middle part and a lower part, the upper part is a gettering port and is connected with a gettering fan 29 through a gettering pipeline 33, the middle part is a feeding port and is connected with the thrower 23 through a conveying pipeline 26, the lower part is a discharging port, and clean sunflower seeds fall into the collecting box 27. The auger 22 and the thrower 23 are placed on a support assembly 25. The motor 24 is arranged at the right lower corner of the equipment, and drives the worm and gear transmission device 11 through the belt I21 so as to drive the central shaft 13 and the left and right hulling drums 9; the gettering fan 29 and the four-bar mechanism 34 are driven via the second belt 30 and the third belt 37.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the spiral kneading hulling device 12 includes a central shaft 13, a movable rubber rod 14 driven by the central shaft 13, a fixed rubber rod 15 fixed on the wall 16 of the hulling barrel, a cone discharge port 17 and a collecting barrel 18. The two ends of the central shaft 13 are matched with bearings, and the bearings are arranged in bearing seats on the frame 35. The movable rubber bars 14 and the fixed rubber bars 15 are hard rubber bars, the movable rubber bars 14 are uniformly distributed around the central shaft 13 in a spiral line mode, and the fixed rubber bars 15 are uniformly distributed on the barrel wall 16 of the hulling barrel in a spiral line mode in a crossed and corresponding mode with the movable rubber bars 14. The upper part of the cone discharge port 17 is connected with the barrel wall 16 of the hulling barrel, the lower part of the cone discharge port 17 is connected with the collecting barrel 18, and the cone discharge port 17 and the collecting barrel 18 serve as a feeding hopper of the cyclone cleaning device. A material collecting plate 10 is arranged at the joint of the rolling husking device and the spiral rubbing husking device, and the materials processed by the rolling husking device are collected and guided into the spiral rubbing husking device 12.

Claims (2)

1. A sunflower seed shelling and cleaning machine is characterized by comprising a rack, a feeding screening device, a rolling shelling device, a spiral rubbing shelling device, a cyclone cleaning device and a motor, wherein the feeding screening device comprises a feeding bin, a vibrator and a vibrating screen, the vibrating screen adopts a four-bar mechanism, a screen box of the vibrating screen is hung on the rack through four suspension arms through bearings, and a screen is arranged at the bottom of the screen box; the rolling husking device comprises a husking roller and a concave plate, the outer ring of the husking roller is a straight gear, the husking roller is connected with a shaft through a key, the shaft vertically penetrates through the husking roller, and a belt pulley is arranged at the outer end of the belt pulley extending to the rack; the concave plate is an open-type multi-semicircular material protection baffle; the spiral rubbing shelling device comprises a central shaft, a movable rubber rod driven by the central shaft, a fixed rubber rod fixed on the barrel wall of the shelling barrel, a cone discharge port and a material collecting barrel, wherein two ends of the central shaft are matched with bearings which are arranged in bearing seats on a rack; the cyclone cleaning device comprises a feeding port, a feeding regulator, a spiral pushing conveyor, a throwing device, a conveying pipeline, a hemispherical separator component, an air volume regulator, a cyclone separating cylinder, a gettering pipeline and a gettering fan, wherein the hemispherical separator component is additionally arranged in the cyclone separating cylinder, the cyclone separating cylinder is divided into an upper part, a middle part and a lower part, the upper part is a gettering port, and the middle part is a feeding port; the motor is arranged at the lower right corner of the equipment and drives the worm and gear transmission device through the belt I so as to drive the central shaft and the left and right hulling drums; the impurity suction fan and the four-bar mechanism are driven by the second belt and the third belt.
2. The sunflower seed husking cleaner according to claim 1, wherein a cured and pressed rubber layer is attached to the tooth side of the spur gear and the inner side surface of the concave plate.
CN201922014644.7U 2019-11-20 2019-11-20 Sunflower seed husking cleaner Active CN211458787U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922014644.7U CN211458787U (en) 2019-11-20 2019-11-20 Sunflower seed husking cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922014644.7U CN211458787U (en) 2019-11-20 2019-11-20 Sunflower seed husking cleaner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211458787U true CN211458787U (en) 2020-09-11

Family

ID=72372824

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922014644.7U Active CN211458787U (en) 2019-11-20 2019-11-20 Sunflower seed husking cleaner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211458787U (en)

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