CN210255073U - Machining center with rotary saw cutting device - Google Patents

Machining center with rotary saw cutting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210255073U
CN210255073U CN201921196725.7U CN201921196725U CN210255073U CN 210255073 U CN210255073 U CN 210255073U CN 201921196725 U CN201921196725 U CN 201921196725U CN 210255073 U CN210255073 U CN 210255073U
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motor
axis
machining center
saw
rotary
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CN201921196725.7U
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李爱军
吴军波
钟富
殷凯
李辉
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Jiangsu Prudy Cnc Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Prudy Cnc Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a rotatory machining center who saw cuts device in area, including the lathe bed, and install workstation and processing subassembly on the lathe bed, the processing subassembly is including the stand that can remove in X axle and Y axle direction, and installs the stand is towards brill milling machine structure and tool magazine of workstation place side, and brill milling machine constructs including the aircraft nose, and the aircraft nose can move in the Z axle direction of stand, and the saw cutting mechanism is installed to one side of aircraft nose, and the saw cutting mechanism includes the saw bit, and the saw bit can remove and can carry out angular adjustment in Z axle direction. The utility model discloses can realize the work piece bore, mill, attack the tooth and saw cut multiple processing operation, improve machining center's integration degree, shorten process time, improve machining efficiency.

Description

Machining center with rotary saw cutting device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the main shaft processing, concretely relates to area rotation saw cuts machining center of device.
Background
The numerical control machining center changes the traditional production mode mainly by people, can finish various machining requirements such as milling, drilling, boring, tapping and the like by means of control of a numerical control program, greatly shortens the machining time and reduces the production cost.
The traditional machining center can only realize the machining steps of drilling, milling, tapping and the like of a workpiece, when the workpiece is sawed, the workpiece needs to be taken down from the machining center after the steps are finished, and then the workpiece is placed into other sawing equipment again for sawing, so that the integrated machining operation of the workpiece cannot be realized, the time for machining the workpiece is directly increased, and the machining efficiency is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a rotatory machining center who saw cuts device in area to solve machining center and can't saw cut the problem of operation.
The utility model discloses a take rotatory machining center who saw cuts device is realized like this:
the utility model provides a machining center of rotatory saw cutting device in area, includes the lathe bed, and installs workstation and processing subassembly on the lathe bed, the processing subassembly is including the stand that can remove in X axle and Y axle direction, and installs the stand is towards brill milling machine structure and the tool magazine of workstation place side, it includes the aircraft nose to bore milling machine structure, the aircraft nose can move in the Z axle direction of stand, saw cutting mechanism is installed to one side of aircraft nose, saw cutting mechanism includes the saw bit, the saw bit can remove and can carry out angular adjustment in Z axle direction.
Further, saw cut the mechanism and still include from last cylinder, rotating electrical machines and the saw bit motor that distributes down, the piston rod of cylinder set up down and with the rotating electrical machines links to each other, the output of rotating electrical machines links to each other with the saw bit motor, the saw bit is installed the output of saw bit motor.
Further, saw cut the mechanism still including installing saw cut the support on the aircraft nose, the cylinder is installed saw cut on the support, rotating electrical machines can saw cut the support and go up and down remove.
Furthermore, the drilling and milling mechanism further comprises a machining main shaft arranged on the machine head and a main shaft motor connected to the top of the machining main shaft, and the tool magazine is arranged on the outer side of the machining main shaft through a tool magazine fixing frame.
Furthermore, a guide plate is arranged on one side of the processing main shaft, the top of the tool magazine is mounted on a tool magazine fixing frame through a rotating shaft, and the lower end of the tool magazine can rotate around the rotating shaft and is attached to the guide plate in a direction towards or away from the processing main shaft.
Furthermore, a Z-axis screw is installed on the stand column, a Z-axis motor is connected to the top of the Z-axis screw, and the machine head is installed on the Z-axis screw.
Furthermore, the stand is installed on the lathe bed through X axial slide, be provided with Y axial screw rod on the X axial slide, the end connection of Y axial screw rod has Y axle motor, the stand is installed on Y axial screw rod.
Furthermore, an X-axis guide rail is arranged on the lathe bed, and the X-axis sliding plate is movably arranged on the guide rail through an X-axis motor.
Further, the machining center also comprises drag chains in the X-axis direction, the Y-axis direction and the Z-axis direction.
After the technical scheme is adopted, the utility model discloses the beneficial effect who has does:
(1) the saw cutting mechanism is added on the processing center, so that various processing operations of drilling, milling, tapping and saw cutting of workpieces can be realized, the integration degree of the processing center is improved, the processing time is shortened, and the processing efficiency is improved;
(2) the utility model discloses a saw bit is owing to can go up and down and the rotation of angle to can be applicable to sawing of the work piece of different specifications and requirement, enlarged machining center's application scope.
Drawings
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a machining assembly of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a machining assembly of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a machining assembly of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an internal block diagram of a machining assembly of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a block diagram of the saw mechanism of the machining center with a rotary sawing device according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a structural view of a saw cutting mechanism of a machining center with a rotary sawing device according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: the machine tool comprises a machine tool body 1, a stand column 2, a Z-axis screw 21, a Z-axis motor 22, an X-axis sliding plate 23, a Y-axis screw 24, a Y-axis motor 25, an X-axis motor 26, a drag chain 27, a drag chain groove 28, a guide rail 29, a gear 210, a rack 211, a guide block 212, a workbench 3, a protective cover 4, a tool magazine 5, a tool magazine fixing frame 51, a rotating shaft 52, a sawing mechanism 6, a saw blade 61, an air cylinder 62, a rotating motor 63, a saw blade motor 64, a sawing support 65, a sliding plate 66, a pneumatic buffer 67, a collision block 68, a sliding rail 69, a sliding block 610, a sliding block support 611, a drilling and milling mechanism 7, a machining spindle 71, a spindle motor 72, a guide plate 73, a machine head 74.
Detailed Description
To make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the drawings of the embodiments of the present invention are combined to clearly and completely describe the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, and obviously, the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the accompanying drawings, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-9, a machining center with a rotary sawing device includes a bed 1, and a workbench 3 and a machining assembly mounted on the bed, where the machining assembly includes a column 2 capable of moving in X-axis and Y-axis directions, and a drilling and milling mechanism 7 and a tool magazine 5 mounted on a side of the column 2 facing the workbench, where the drilling and milling mechanism 7 includes a head 74, the head 74 is capable of moving in Z-axis direction of the column 2, a sawing mechanism 6 is mounted on one side of the head 74, the sawing mechanism 6 includes a saw blade 61, and the saw blade 61 is capable of moving in Z-axis direction and performing angular adjustment.
Referring to fig. 8-9, when the machining assembly performs drilling and milling on the spindle, the height of the bottom of the saw blade 61 needs to be kept higher than the height of the bottom of the tool, and when a workpiece is sawed, the height of the bottom of the saw blade 61 needs to be kept lower than the height of the bottom of the tool, so that the relative heights of the saw blade 61 and the tool need to be adjusted, and when the sawing angles and specifications of different workpieces are different, the angle of the saw blade 61 needs to be adjusted, so that in order to adjust the height and the angle of the saw blade 61, the sawing mechanism 6 further includes an air cylinder 62, a rotating motor 63 and a saw blade motor 64 which are distributed from top to bottom, a piston rod of the air cylinder 62 is arranged downward and connected with the rotating motor 63, an output end of the rotating motor 63 is connected with the saw blade motor 64.
The saw blade motor 64 is used for driving the saw blade 61 to rotate during sawing, and the rotating motor 63 can drive the saw blade motor 64 and the angle of the saw blade 61 to be adjusted, so that the sawing operation of workpieces with different specifications is adapted. The cylinder 62 is arranged to drive the rotating motor 63, the saw blade motor 64 and the saw blade 61 to adjust their heights, so as to facilitate the machining of the workpiece by the drilling and milling mechanism 7.
To facilitate mounting of the sawing mechanism 6, the sawing mechanism 6 further comprises a sawing support 65 mounted on the head 74, the air cylinder 62 is mounted on the sawing support 65, and the rotary motor 63 is movable up and down on the sawing support 65.
Specifically, saw cutting support 65 is installed at one side of aircraft nose 74 and extends to this side, and cylinder 62 is installed at the top of saw cutting support 65, rotating electrical machines 63 fixes on a slide 66, and adopt the slider 610 and the slide rail 69 cooperation of Z axle direction between slide 66 and the saw cutting support 65, the top of slide 66 that the piston rod of cylinder 62 is then connected, drive the lift of rotating electrical machines 63 through slide 66, the output of rotating electrical machines 63 is down, and it is rotatory to drive its below saw bit motor 64 and saw bit 61 through the speed reducer, realize the adjustment of saw bit 61 angle.
Preferably, an air pressure buffer 67 is installed at one side of the sawing support 65, a collision block 68 connected with the sliding plate 66 is arranged at the top of the air pressure buffer 67, and the rotating motor 63, the saw blade motor 64 and the saw blade 61 can move down rapidly due to the gravity of the rotating motor, the saw blade motor 64 and the saw blade 61 in the process of moving down, so that the collision between the collision block 68 and the air pressure buffer 67 can play a role in buffering, and the speed of moving down the rotating motor 63, the saw blade motor 64 and the saw blade 61 can be slowed down to a certain extent.
When the flexible rotating electrical machines 63 that drives through cylinder 63, saw bit motor 64 and saw bit 61 oscilaltion, further prevent that its lift in-process from producing the skew, guarantee the stability of going up and down, slide 66 is provided with vertical slide rail 69 towards the side of sawing support 65, and saw support 65 is last then be provided with the slider 610 with slide rail 69 matching, slider 610 passes through slider support 611 and installs on sawing support 65, slide rail 69 reciprocates in slider 610.
In order to realize the machining of the spindle such as drilling, milling and tapping, the drilling and milling mechanism 7 further comprises a machining spindle 71 mounted on a machine head 74 and a spindle motor 72 connected to the top of the machining spindle 71, and the tool magazine 5 is arranged outside the machining spindle 71 through a tool magazine fixing frame 51.
The lower end of the processing spindle 71 is used for installing a tool, and the spindle motor 72 drives the tool to rotate through the processing spindle 71 to realize processing of a workpiece.
Preferably, the tool magazine 5 can adopt a flying saucer type tool magazine, and automatic replacement of tools can be realized.
Because the processing mode and the requirement of the main shaft to be processed are different, the tool needs to be replaced at any time, and in order to facilitate the replacement of the tool, a guide plate 73 is arranged on one side of the processing main shaft 71, the top of the tool magazine 5 is mounted on the tool magazine fixing frame 51 through a rotating shaft 52, and the lower end of the tool magazine 5 can rotate around the rotating shaft 52 and is attached to the guide plate 72 towards or away from the processing main shaft 71.
When the tool changing is performed, the machining spindle 71 moves upwards under the driving of the machine head 74, in the process of moving upwards, the tool magazine 5 rotates through the rotating shaft 52 and attached to the side edge of the guide plate 73, firstly rotates in the direction away from the machining spindle 71, then rotates in the direction towards the machining spindle 71, after the lower end of the machining spindle 71 is coaxial with the tool magazine 5, the tool magazine 5 performs tool changing operation, after the tool changing is completed, the machining spindle 71 can move downwards under the driving of the machine head 74, and the tool magazine 5 is attached to the guide plate 73 to reset.
In order to drive the machine head 74 to move in the Z-axis direction and further realize the replacement of a tool changing or machining mode, the upright post 2 is provided with a Z-axis screw 21, the top of the Z-axis screw 21 is connected with a Z-axis motor 22, and the machine head 74 is arranged on the Z-axis screw 21.
The rotation of the Z-axis motor 22 drives the Z-axis screw 21 to rotate, so that the machine head 74 moves up and down, and the tool changing action is realized.
In order to realize the movement of the column 2 in the Y-axis direction, the column 2 is installed on the bed 1 through an X-axis sliding plate 23, a Y-axis screw 24 is arranged on the X-axis sliding plate 23, a Y-axis motor 25 is connected to the end of the Y-axis screw 24, and the column is installed on the Y-axis screw 24.
Specifically, the Y-axis motor 25 is installed on a side of the column 2 away from the table 3.
The rotation of the Y-axis motor 25 drives the rotation of the Y-axis screw 24, thereby realizing the movement of the column 2 and the structure mounted on the column 2 in the Y-axis direction.
In order to realize the X-axis movement of the column 2 and the structure connected with the column, the bed 1 is provided with an X-axis guide rail 29, and the X-axis slide plate 23 is movably arranged on the guide rail 29 through an X-axis motor 26.
Specifically, the X-axis motor 26 is disposed on one side of the column 2, an output end of the X-axis motor is downward and is connected with a gear 210, a rack 211 parallel to the guide rails is disposed between the guide rails, the rack 211 is engaged with the gear 210, a guide block 212 matched with the guide rail 29 is installed at the bottom of the X-axis sliding plate 23, the guide block 212 is slidably installed on the guide rail 29, the X-axis motor 26 drives the gear 210 to rotate, so that the guide block 212 is driven to slide on the guide rail 29 through engagement of the gear 210 and the rack 211, and then the X-axis sliding plate 23 and a part above the same move in the X-axis direction.
Preferably, a protective cover 4 is provided on the guide rail and the rack to prevent debris generated during processing from falling into it and blocking its movement.
The Z-axis motor 22, the spindle motor 72, the X-axis motor 26, and the Y-axis motor 25 are also provided with a protective cover 4, respectively, to protect the movement.
Preferably, baffles 75 are mounted on both sides of the head 74 to isolate the machining area of the workpiece from the area behind the column 2, thereby preventing machining-generated debris from splashing on the entire machine tool and increasing the probability of machine tool damage.
Machining center is digit control machine tool, and its various signals and power cable erect the roof beam more, if arrangement or do not classify then can cause kinking or other safety problems, in order to can carry out good protection to the cable, machining center still includes X axial, Y axial and Z axial tow chain 27.
Specifically, the side where the lathe bed is located Y-axis motor 25 is provided with tow chain groove 28, and tow chain groove 28 is internally provided with an X-axis tow chain connected with the X-axis motor, and a Y-axis tow chain is arranged between Y-axis motor 25 and upright column 2, and a Z-axis tow chain (not shown in the figure) is arranged between Z-axis motor 22 and spindle motor 72, so that various cables are arranged, the safety of the cables is ensured, and the tidiness and the safety of the whole machining center are improved.
Be provided with protection sliding door 8 with the relative one side of tow chain groove 28 on the lathe bed, this shelters from the lathe is conveniently adding man-hour, prevents clastic random splash, guarantees operating personnel's safety, guarantees the clean and tidy of processing environment.
When a workpiece is machined, the workpiece is placed on the worktable 3, for example, the workpiece is first drilled and milled, the Z-axis motor 22 drives the machine head 74 and the drilling and milling mechanism 7 to move downwards to make the cutter contact with the workpiece, at this time, the height of the saw blade 61 needs to be adjusted by retracting the piston rod of the air cylinder 62 to separate the saw blade from the workpiece, and then the spindle motor 72 rotates to drive the cutter to rotate to perform operations such as drilling, milling or tapping. When the tool needs to be changed, the spindle motor 72 is stopped, the Z-axis motor 22 drives the machine head 74 to move upwards, so that the lower end of the machining spindle 71 is coaxial with the tool magazine 5, the tool is changed, and then the machining spindle 71 moves downwards and returns to continue machining operation.
After drilling and milling are finished, the Z-axis motor 22 drives the Z-axis screw 21 to rotate so as to lift the cutter, so that the cutter is separated from a workpiece, then the extension of a piston rod of the air cylinder 62 drives the saw blade 61 to move downwards to be in contact with the workpiece, the angle of the saw blade 61 is adjusted by the rotating motor 63 according to needs, and finally the saw blade motor 64 is started so as to saw the workpiece, so that the workpiece can be subjected to various operations in a processing center, and the workpiece processing efficiency is improved.
In addition, when some tools are large, the saw blade 61 can be driven by the rotating motor 63 to rotate in a direction away from the tool magazine 5 during replacement, so that the tool replacement is prevented from being influenced.
In light of the foregoing, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art from this disclosure that various changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a machining center of rotatory saw cutting device in area, its characterized in that, includes lathe bed (1), and installs workstation (3) and processing subassembly on the lathe bed, the processing subassembly is including stand (2) that can remove in X axle and Y axle direction, and installs stand (2) are towards brill milling machine structure (7) and tool magazine (5) of workstation (3) place side, brill milling machine structure (7) are including aircraft nose (74), aircraft nose (74) can remove on the Z axle direction of stand (2), saw cutting mechanism (6) are installed to one side of aircraft nose (74), saw cutting mechanism (6) are including saw bit (61), saw bit (61) can remove and can carry out angle adjustment in the Z axle direction.
2. The machining center with the rotary sawing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the sawing mechanism (6) further comprises a cylinder (62), a rotary motor (63) and a saw blade motor (64) which are distributed from top to bottom, a piston rod of the cylinder (62) is arranged downwards and is connected with the rotary motor (63), an output end of the rotary motor (63) is connected with the saw blade motor (64), and the saw blade (61) is installed at an output end of the saw blade motor (64).
3. The machining center with rotary sawing device according to claim 2, characterized in that the sawing mechanism (6) further comprises a sawing support (65) mounted on the head (74), the cylinder (62) is mounted on the sawing support (65), and the rotary motor (63) is movable up and down on the sawing support (65).
4. The machining center with the rotary sawing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the drilling and milling mechanism (7) further comprises a machining spindle (71) mounted on the head (74) and a spindle motor (72) connected to the top of the machining spindle (71), and the tool magazine (5) is arranged outside the machining spindle (71) through a tool magazine holder (51).
5. The machining center with the rotary sawing device according to claim 4, characterized in that a guide plate (73) is arranged on one side of the machining spindle (71), the top of the tool magazine (5) is mounted on a tool magazine fixing frame (51) through a rotating shaft (52), and the lower end of the tool magazine (5) can rotate around the rotating shaft (52) and is attached to the guide plate (73) towards or away from the machining spindle (71).
6. The machining center with the rotary sawing device according to claim 1, characterized in that a Z-axis screw (21) is mounted on the upright (2), a Z-axis motor (22) is connected to the top of the Z-axis screw (21), and the machine head (74) is mounted on the Z-axis screw (21).
7. The machining center with the rotary sawing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the column (2) is mounted on the bed (1) through an X-axis slide plate (23), a Y-axis screw (24) is arranged on the X-axis slide plate (23), a Y-axis motor (25) is connected to the end of the Y-axis screw (24), and the column (2) is mounted on the Y-axis screw (24).
8. Machining center with rotary sawing device according to claim 7 characterized in that the bed (1) is provided with X-axis guides (29) and the X-axis slide is movably mounted on the guides (29) by means of an X-axis motor (26).
9. Machining center with rotary sawing device according to claim 1 characterized in that it further comprises X-, Y-and Z-axial drag chains (27).
CN201921196725.7U 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Machining center with rotary saw cutting device Active CN210255073U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921196725.7U CN210255073U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Machining center with rotary saw cutting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921196725.7U CN210255073U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Machining center with rotary saw cutting device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210255073U true CN210255073U (en) 2020-04-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921196725.7U Active CN210255073U (en) 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Machining center with rotary saw cutting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210255073U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112756975A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-07 广东普拉迪科技股份有限公司 Composite machine tool with saw cutting function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112756975A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-05-07 广东普拉迪科技股份有限公司 Composite machine tool with saw cutting function

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