CN210121576U - Battery appearance detection equipment - Google Patents

Battery appearance detection equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210121576U
CN210121576U CN201921052437.4U CN201921052437U CN210121576U CN 210121576 U CN210121576 U CN 210121576U CN 201921052437 U CN201921052437 U CN 201921052437U CN 210121576 U CN210121576 U CN 210121576U
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
detection mechanism
manipulator
surface detection
detection
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CN201921052437.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建华
汪波
黄林军
李伟
郭登旺
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Suboda (shenzhen) Automation Co Ltd
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Suboda (shenzhen) Automation Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a battery outward appearance check out test set belongs to battery manufacturing process and equips technical field, battery outward appearance check out test set includes two manipulators and a plurality of detection mechanism that distribute around the manipulator, and when the manipulator drove the battery through each detection mechanism, can accomplish the outward appearance detection to six surfaces of the battery that awaits measuring. The utility model greatly improves the detection efficiency through the division and cooperation of the two manipulators; meanwhile, the battery is always kept at a certain horizontal height in the whole detection process, and complex actions such as overturning and the like are not performed, so that the whole detection equipment is stable in operation and high in safety; the whole equipment is reasonable and compact in layout and smooth in action connection.

Description

Battery appearance detection equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a battery manufacturing process and equipment technical field especially relate to a battery outward appearance check out test set.
Background
In the automatic production process of the battery, various defects such as metal leakage, flatulence, scratches, pinholes, creases and the like can inevitably occur on the appearance of part of the battery, so that the appearance is influenced, and the production and use safety of the battery is greatly influenced. Furthermore, various defects existing on the surface of the battery are unpredictable, namely, different defects may exist on the front surface, the back surface, the long side, the short side and the tabs of the battery, and the appearance of the battery needs to be comprehensively detected.
In the existing battery manufacturing process, most of the appearance detection is carried out by manual visual inspection, the detection mode has the problems of multiple error factors, large difference, low efficiency, no data searching and the like, and the detection mode cannot meet the requirement of automatic production. Another kind of automatic detection mode, generally set up a plurality of check out test set on producing the line, detect the different positions of battery electricity core one by one respectively, but this kind of check out test set needs to occupy too big space, and need carry out complicated transfer with battery electricity core between each equipment, for example reciprocate, upset etc. the phenomenon that drops appears easily.
In view of the above, a new technical solution is needed to solve the above technical problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a battery appearance detection device, which performs corresponding appearance detection on six surfaces of a battery to be detected at different stations through the division of labor cooperation of two manipulators, so that the detection efficiency can be greatly improved; meanwhile, the battery is always kept at a certain horizontal height in the whole detection process, complex actions such as overturning and the like are not needed, the whole detection equipment is stable in operation, and the safety is high.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a battery appearance detection device comprises a working platform, a first manipulator and a second manipulator, wherein a first detection area and a second detection area are respectively arranged on two sides of the working platform, and a transfer platform is arranged between the first detection area and the second detection area; the first manipulator is arranged in the first detection area, and the movable area of the first manipulator covers the first detection area and the transfer platform; the second manipulator is arranged in a second detection area, and the moving area of the second manipulator covers the second detection area and the transfer platform; the first detection area is provided with a feeding mechanism, a transverse moving mechanism, an upper surface detection mechanism and a first side surface detection mechanism, and the second detection area is provided with a lower surface detection mechanism, a second side surface detection mechanism and a discharging mechanism; the transverse moving mechanism is used for conveying the battery to the upper surface detection mechanism to complete detection and return to the original position, the upper surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the upper surface of the battery, the first side surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the side surface of the battery, the lower surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the lower surface of the battery, the second side surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the remaining side surface of the battery, and the discharging mechanism is used for conveying the battery which is subjected to the detection process out of the device.
As a further improvement, the feeding mechanism and the discharging mechanism are both belt type conveying devices, and the belt type conveying devices have the advantages of being simple and light in structure.
As a further improvement, the discharging mechanism comprises an NG discharging belt and an OK discharging belt.
As a further improvement, the transfer platform is provided with double stations for placing two batteries. The setting of duplex position can further improve detection efficiency, specifically is: the first manipulator does not need to wait for the second manipulator to take the battery away to empty the position, and meanwhile, the second manipulator does not need to wait for the first manipulator to take the battery away and has the battery to take, so that the efficiency is improved.
As a further improvement, the first manipulator comprises a base arranged on the working platform, a movable arm connected to the base and a grabbing sucker, and the grabbing sucker is horizontally and rotatably arranged at the free end of the movable arm; the second manipulator has the same structure as the first manipulator.
As a further improvement, the sucking disc that snatchs of first manipulator is equipped with two, snatchs the sucking disc for first sucking disc and second respectively, first snatching the sucking disc and being connected with the free end of digging arm to can pivoting, the second snatchs the sucking disc and installs side by side in the one side of first sucking disc that snatchs. Two designs of grabbing the sucking disc make first manipulator handle two actions in a stroke, can further improve detection efficiency.
As a further improvement, the upper surface detection mechanism, the first side surface detection mechanism, the lower surface detection mechanism and the second side surface detection mechanism are all provided with a photographing device and a photographing position, the photographing devices of the upper surface detection mechanism and the lower surface detection mechanism are vertically and rightly opposite to the photographing position, and the photographing devices of the first side surface detection mechanism and the second side surface detection mechanism are horizontally and rightly opposite to the photographing position.
As a further improvement, the photographs of the upper surface detection mechanism, the first side surface detection mechanism, the lower surface detection mechanism, and the second side surface detection mechanism are located at the same horizontal height. This design makes the battery remain at certain level throughout in whole testing process, does not pass through complicated actions such as upset, and whole check out test set operates steadily, and the security is high.
As a further improvement, the battery appearance detection device further comprises a code scanning mechanism, and the feeding mechanism, the code scanning mechanism, the traversing mechanism, the upper surface detection mechanism and the first side surface detection mechanism are distributed around the first manipulator in a fan shape; the lower surface detection mechanism, the second side surface detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism are distributed around the second mechanical arm in a fan shape. The layout mode can match the motion tracks of the two manipulators to the utmost extent, reduce redundant actions of the manipulators, save energy and improve the working efficiency.
As a further improvement, the battery appearance detection device further comprises a controller, and the controller is used for controlling the battery appearance detection device to work according to a set program.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect is brought:
the utility model discloses a first manipulator snatchs the battery from feed mechanism, passes through sideslip mechanism, upper surface detection mechanism and first side detection mechanism in proper order, accomplishes the outward appearance detection of battery upper surface, a long limit and a short edge, places the battery on the transfer platform again; the second manipulator grabs the battery from the transfer platform, and sequentially passes through the lower surface detection mechanism, the second side detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism to finish appearance detection of the lower surface of the battery, the remaining long side and the remaining short side, so that appearance detection procedures of six surfaces of the battery to be detected are finished, and the two manipulators are in work sharing cooperation, so that the detection efficiency can be greatly improved; meanwhile, the battery is always kept at a certain horizontal height in the whole detection process, complex actions such as overturning and the like are not needed, the whole detection equipment is stable in operation, and the safety is high.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings that are required to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
Fig. 1 shows a top view of a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a diagram illustrating a first operating state of a battery appearance inspection apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 shows a partial enlarged view at A in FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is a diagram showing a second operating state of the battery appearance inspection apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 shows a partial enlarged view at B in FIG. 4;
fig. 6 is a diagram showing a third operating state of the battery appearance inspection apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 7 shows a partial enlarged view at C in FIG. 6;
fig. 8 is a diagram illustrating a fourth operating state of the battery appearance inspection apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 9 shows a partial enlarged view at D in FIG. 8;
fig. 10 is a diagram showing a fifth operating state of the battery appearance inspection apparatus of the present invention;
fig. 11 shows a partial enlarged view at E in fig. 10.
Description of the main element symbols:
1-a working platform; 2-a first manipulator; 21-a base; 22-a movable arm; 231-first gripping suction cups; 232-a second gripping suction cup; 233-third gripping suction cup; 3-a second manipulator; 4-feeding belt; 5-a transverse moving mechanism; 51-linear guide means; 52-a positioning table; 6-upper surface detection mechanism; 60-a photographing device; 61-a photographing frame; 7-a first side detection mechanism; 8-a lower surface detection mechanism; 9-a second side detection mechanism; 10-a code scanning mechanism; 11-a first detection zone; 12-a second detection zone; 13-a transfer platform; 14-NG discharge belt; 15-OK discharging belt.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", and the like, indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly and may, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the present application, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the first feature may be directly on or directly under the second feature or indirectly via intermediate members. Also, a first feature "on," "over," and "above" a second feature may be directly or diagonally above the second feature, or may simply indicate that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature may be directly under or obliquely under the first feature, or may simply mean that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
Example one
The following description is with reference to the orientation of fig. 1.
Referring to fig. 1 to 11, a preferred embodiment of the present invention discloses a battery appearance inspection apparatus, which includes a work platform 1, a first manipulator 2, a second manipulator 3 and a controller. The controller is used for controlling the battery appearance detection equipment to work according to a set program, a first detection area 11 and a second detection area 12 are respectively arranged on two sides of the working platform 1, and a transfer platform 13 is arranged between the first detection area 11 and the second detection area 12; the first manipulator 2 is installed in a first detection area 11, and an active area of the first manipulator 2 covers the first detection area 11 and the transfer platform 13; the second manipulator 3 is installed in the second detection area 12, and the moving area of the second manipulator 3 covers the second detection area 12 and the transfer platform 13.
First detection zone 11 installs feed mechanism, sideslip mechanism 5, upper surface detection mechanism 6 and first side detection mechanism 7. The second detection area 12 is provided with a lower surface detection mechanism 8, a second side surface detection mechanism 9 and a discharging mechanism; the transverse moving mechanism 5 is used for conveying the battery to the upper surface detection mechanism 6 to complete detection and return to the original position, the upper surface detection mechanism 6 is used for collecting image information of the upper surface of the battery, the first side surface detection mechanism 7 is used for collecting image information of the side surface corresponding to one short edge and one long edge of the battery, the lower surface detection mechanism 8 is used for collecting image information of the lower surface of the battery, the second side surface detection mechanism 9 is used for collecting image information of the side surface corresponding to the remaining short edge and the remaining long edge of the battery, and the discharging mechanism is used for conveying the battery which is subjected to the detection process out of the device.
The first mechanical arm 2 and the second mechanical arm 3 are arranged at the lower edge of the working platform 1 at intervals, and the first mechanical arm 2 and the second mechanical arm 3 are used for grabbing batteries in respective moving areas to perform translation and rotation operations so as to complete corresponding working procedures. Specifically, the first manipulator 2 grabs the battery from the feeding mechanism, places the battery on the traversing mechanism 5, the traversing mechanism 5 sends the battery to the upper surface detection mechanism 6, the upper surface detection mechanism 6 collects image information of the upper surface of the battery and uploads the image information to the controller, and the controller judges whether the upper surface has defects or not according to the image information and records a detection result; after the detection is finished, the transverse moving mechanism 5 drives the battery to return to the original position, the first mechanical hand 2 grabs the battery in place from the transverse moving mechanism 5 and translates the battery to the first side face detection mechanism 7, the first mechanical hand 2 drives the battery to rotate, two side faces (side faces corresponding to a long side and a short side) of the battery are subjected to appearance detection, the first side face detection mechanism acquires image information of the two side faces and uploads the image information to the controller, and the controller judges whether the two side faces have defects or not according to the image information and records a detection result; so far, the battery finishes the appearance detection of the upper surface and two sides (the sides corresponding to a long side and a short side), and the first manipulator 2 drives the battery to translate and place the battery on the transfer platform 13 to wait for the subsequent detection process.
The second manipulator 3 grabs the battery from the transfer platform 13 and translates the battery to the lower surface detection mechanism 8, the lower surface detection mechanism 8 collects image information of the lower surface of the battery, and the controller judges whether the lower surface has flaws according to the image information and records a detection result; then, the second manipulator 3 drives the battery to rotate, so that the two remaining side surfaces (the side surfaces corresponding to the remaining long side and the remaining short side) on the battery are subjected to appearance detection, the second side surface detection mechanism 9 collects image information of the two remaining side surfaces and uploads the image information to the controller, and the controller judges whether the two remaining side surfaces have defects or not according to the image information and records a detection result; so far, the appearance detection of the lower surface of the battery and the two remaining side surfaces (the side surfaces corresponding to the remaining long side and the remaining short side) is also completed, and finally, the second manipulator 3 translates the battery which is detected to the discharging mechanism, and the battery is taken out of the device.
The two manipulators of the utility model work in a division and cooperation manner to jointly complete the appearance detection process of six surfaces of the battery to be detected, thereby greatly improving the detection efficiency; meanwhile, the battery is always kept at a certain horizontal height in the whole detection process, complex actions such as overturning and the like are not needed, the whole detection equipment is stable in operation, and the safety is high.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the battery to be detected is substantially rectangular, and has an upper large surface, a lower large surface, two side surfaces corresponding to the long side, and two side surfaces corresponding to the short side, so that a total of six surfaces need to be subjected to appearance detection. It is to be understood that the battery of the present invention is not limited to the shape of the battery in the present embodiment, the upper and lower large surfaces are allowed to have a certain curvature, the peripheral sides of the battery are not limited to the square rectangle, and the battery is allowed to have a design such as a chamfer, or other additional structures such as grooves, protrusions or other additional components.
As a further improvement, the feeding mechanism and the discharging mechanism are both belt type conveying devices. The feeding mechanism is a feeding belt 4, the feeding belt 4 is arranged at the left edge of the working platform 1, and the feeding belt 4 is used for continuously conveying the battery to be tested to the equipment; the discharging mechanism further comprises an NG discharging belt 14 and an OK discharging belt 15, the NG discharging belt 14 is arranged on the upper right of the working platform 1, the OK discharging belt 15 is arranged on the right edge of the working platform, the NG discharging belt 14 is used for sending batteries which are unqualified to the working platform 1, and the OK discharging belt 15 is used for sending batteries which are qualified to the working platform 1. More specifically, the feeding belt 4, the transfer platform 13 and the OK discharging belt 15 are located on a straight line.
It can be understood that, besides the belt conveyor in this embodiment, the feeding mechanism and the discharging mechanism may also adopt other automatic transmission devices, such as a crawler-type conveyor, a chain conveyor, etc., and of course, the structure of the belt conveyor is the simplest and the most portable, which is the best embodiment of the present invention. In other embodiments, only the discharging mechanism including the OK discharging belt 15 may be provided.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the transfer platform 13 is provided with two stations for placing two batteries. The setting of duplex position can further improve detection efficiency, specifically is: the first manipulator 2 does not need to wait for the second manipulator 3 to take the battery away to empty the position, and meanwhile, the second manipulator does not need to wait for the first manipulator 2 to take the battery away and has the battery to take, so that the efficiency is improved. Specifically, when the first manipulator 2 places the battery on the transfer platform 13, the positions of the two times are different, and the operation can be completed under the control of the controller; when the second manipulator 3 grabs the battery from the transfer platform 13, the positions of the two times are different, and the operation is also finished under the control of the controller. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the transfer platform 13 may be provided with only one station, and at this time, the two manipulators need to be controlled in terms of time, and when it is required to ensure that the second manipulator 3 is transferred to the transfer platform 13 to grasp the battery, the first manipulator 2 has already placed a battery on the transfer platform 13, so as to ensure the working efficiency of the machine.
Specifically, in this embodiment, the first manipulator 2 includes a base 21 installed on the work platform 1, a movable arm 22 connected to the base 21, and a grasping suction cup, and the grasping suction cup is horizontally and rotatably installed at a free end of the movable arm 22; the second robot 3 has the same structure as the first robot 2. Specifically, the movable arm 22 is composed of a plurality of movable joints, and the plurality of movable joints can be extended and folded in the same plane, so as to adjust the length of the movable arm 22; the base 21 can rotate horizontally around the axis thereof, which is parallel to the normal of the working platform 1; by such a design of the base 21 and the movable arm 22, the free end of the first manipulator 2 can move freely in a certain area. It is understood that the manipulator used in the present invention is not limited to the specific shape and structure in the present embodiment, and other schemes capable of realizing free movement of the free end of the manipulator in a certain area are also included in the scope of the present invention. It will be appreciated that the use of a suction cup mechanism to grasp the battery is undoubtedly the best way, and that the advantages of a suction cup mechanism, being firm, having no damage to the battery surface, etc., are all. However, the mechanism for grasping the battery is not limited to the suction cup mechanism in the present embodiment, and may be other clamping mechanisms that match the shape of the battery, and any device that can grasp the battery and is suitable for being mounted on a robot may be used.
The upper surface detection mechanism 6, the first side surface detection mechanism 7, the lower surface detection mechanism 8 and the second side surface detection mechanism 9 are all provided with a photographing device 60 and a photographing position, the photographing position is a station where the battery receives appearance detection, the photographing device 60 is a CCD in the present embodiment, and it is easily conceivable that in other embodiments, the photographing device 60 may also be other mechanisms, such as a CMOS; the photographing devices 60 of the upper surface detection mechanism 6 and the lower surface detection mechanism 8 are vertically aligned with the photographing position (wherein the photographing device 60 of the upper surface detection mechanism 6 is not visible in the figure), and the photographing devices 60 of the first side surface detection mechanism 7 and the second side surface detection mechanism 9 are horizontally aligned with the photographing position. Specifically in this embodiment, the upper surface detection mechanism 6 and the lower surface detection mechanism 8 both include the photographing frame 61, the CCD of the upper surface detection mechanism 6 is installed above the photographing frame 61, and the CCD of the lower surface detection mechanism 8 is installed below the photographing frame 61.
Preferably, the photographs taken by the upper surface detection mechanism 6, the first side surface detection mechanism 7, the lower surface detection mechanism 8 and the second side surface detection mechanism 9 are located at the same horizontal height. This design makes the battery be in same level basically in whole testing process, need not from top to bottom by a wide margin and removes and the upset, reduces the action degree of difficulty of first manipulator 2 and second manipulator 3, improves the stability of this equipment.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the traversing mechanism 5 includes a linear guide device 51 and a positioning table 52, the positioning table 52 is movably mounted on the linear guide device 51, and one end of the linear guide device 51 extends to the lower side of the upper surface detection mechanism 6, specifically, to the lower space of the photographing frame 61 of the upper surface detection mechanism 6. A station for placing batteries is arranged on the positioning table 52, the positioning table 52 can be driven by the driving mechanism to translate back and forth on the linear guide rail device 51, and specifically, when the positioning table 52 translates to the lowest end, the position is just the station for grabbing and placing batteries with the first manipulator 2; when the positioning table 52 is translated to the uppermost end, this position coincides exactly with the photographing phase of the upper surface detection mechanism 6.
Specifically in this embodiment, the battery appearance detection device further includes a code scanning mechanism 10, the code scanning mechanism 10 is disposed between the feeding mechanism and the traversing mechanism 5, and the code scanning mechanism 10 is used for scanning the codes of the battery. The existing batteries are provided with two-dimensional codes, the two-dimensional codes store information such as battery IDs, detection states and whether the batteries are qualified, the batteries are scanned, the information such as the battery IDs, the detection states and the qualification of the batteries can be uploaded to the controller, and the controller can track each battery and edit and record the information such as the detection states and the qualification of each battery. It should be noted that the code scanning mechanism 10 is a generic name of a mechanism with a code scanner, which is a conventional technology and will not be described in detail herein.
More preferably, the sucking disc that snatchs of first manipulator 2 is equipped with two, snatchs sucking disc 231 and second and snatchs sucking disc 232 for first snatching respectively, first snatchs sucking disc 231 and is connected with the free end of digging arm 22 to can pivoting, the second snatchs sucking disc 232 and installs side by side in the one side of first snatchs sucking disc 231, and two distance of snatching between the sucking disc equals sweep the distance between yard mechanism 10 and the sideslip mechanism 5, snatch sucking disc 232 and take the battery to do when sweeping yard in yard mechanism 10 department when sweeping yard mechanism when the second, first snatchs sucking disc 231 just is located the top of sideslip mechanism 5, through the running state of control sideslip mechanism 5, makes the location platform 52 move just to under first snatchs sucking disc 231 to can accomplish snatching of battery on the location platform 52 simultaneously. The design of two grabbing suction cups enables the first manipulator 2 to process two actions in one stroke, and the detection efficiency can be further improved. The second robot arm 3 is provided with a gripping suction cup, defined as a third gripping suction cup 233.
In this embodiment, the feeding mechanism, the code scanning mechanism 10, the traversing mechanism 5, the upper surface detection mechanism 6 and the first side detection mechanism 7 are distributed around the first manipulator 2 in a fan shape; the lower surface detection mechanism 8, the second side surface detection mechanism 9 and the discharging mechanism are distributed around the second mechanical arm 3 in a fan shape. The modules of the device are distributed in the mode, so that the motion tracks of the two mechanical hands can be matched to the utmost extent, redundant actions of the mechanical hands are reduced, energy is saved, and the working efficiency is improved.
The working principle of the embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the battery to be tested is placed into the feeding belt 4, and the feeding belt 4 continuously conveys the battery to be tested from left to right to the apparatus. The second grabbing sucker 232 of the first manipulator 2 grabs the battery from the feeding belt 4 and prepares to move to the traversing mechanism 5, namely the positioning table 52 of the traversing mechanism 5 is at an initial position, namely at the lowest end position of the linear guide rail device 51; the battery is translated to pass through the code scanning mechanism 10, the code scanning mechanism 10 scans the code of the battery, and information such as battery ID, detection state, qualification and the like is uploaded to the controller; meanwhile, the first grasping suction cup 231 of the first robot 2 is located right above the positioning stage 52, and the first grasping suction cup 231 grasps the battery on the positioning stage 52 (the appearance inspection of the upper surface of the battery has been completed in the previous round); the first manipulator 2 translates right to make the second grabbing sucker 232 face the positioning table 52, and place the battery to be tested on the positioning table 52.
Referring to fig. 1, 4 and 5, after the battery to be tested is placed on the positioning table 52, the battery moves to the position below the upper surface detection mechanism 6 along with the positioning table 52, and receives the upper surface appearance detection.
Referring to fig. 1, fig. 6 and fig. 7, the first manipulator 2 continues to move to the right, and moves the battery adsorbed on the first grabbing suction cup 231 to the photographing position of the first side surface detection mechanism 7, so that the first grabbing suction cup 231 drives the battery to rotate, thereby completing the appearance detection of the two side surfaces of the battery. Then, the first manipulator 2 continues to translate, and the batteries with two side appearance detections are moved to the transfer platform 13. The first manipulator 2 then returns to the initial position and repeats the next round.
Referring to fig. 1, 8 and 9, the second manipulator 3 grabs the battery from the transfer platform 13 and translates the battery to the lower surface detection mechanism 8 to complete the lower surface appearance detection of the battery; then, the third grasping suction cups 233 of the second robot arm 3 rotate the battery, thereby completing the appearance inspection of the remaining two sides of the battery. To this end, the battery completed appearance inspection of all six surfaces.
Referring to fig. 1, 10 and 11, according to the judgment of the controller, if the detection result is qualified, the second manipulator 3 moves the battery to the OK discharging belt 15, and then the battery is sent out of the apparatus; and if the detection result is unqualified, the second mechanical hand 3 moves the battery to the NG discharging belt 14, and then the battery is sent out of the equipment.
It should be noted that: in this embodiment, the first side surface detection mechanism 7 and the second side surface detection mechanism 9 are configured to equally divide the appearance detection of four side surfaces of the battery, that is, to detect two side surfaces respectively; it will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the assignment may be made in other ways depending on the circumstances, such as one of the side detection mechanisms detecting one of the four sides and the other side detection mechanism detecting the remaining side; or vice versa.
To sum up, compare in prior art, the utility model discloses bring following beneficial effect:
the utility model discloses first manipulator 2 snatchs the battery from feed mechanism, passes through sideslip mechanism 5, upper surface detection mechanism 6 and first side detection mechanism 7 in proper order, accomplishes the outward appearance detection of battery upper surface and part side, places the battery on transfer platform 13 again; the second manipulator grabs the battery from the transfer platform 13, and sequentially passes through the lower surface detection mechanism 8, the second side surface detection mechanism 9 and the discharging mechanism to finish appearance detection of the lower surface and the residual side surface of the battery, so that appearance detection procedures of six surfaces of the battery to be detected are finished, and the two manipulators are in work sharing cooperation, so that the detection efficiency can be greatly improved; meanwhile, the battery is always kept at a certain horizontal height in the whole detection process, complex actions such as overturning and the like are not needed, the whole detection equipment is stable in operation, and the safety is high. The utility model discloses rationally distributed compactness, the action links up smoothly, and detection efficiency is high.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples. Furthermore, various embodiments or examples and features of different embodiments or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without contradiction.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and that variations, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the above embodiments by those of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A battery appearance inspection apparatus characterized in that: the manipulator comprises a working platform, a first manipulator and a second manipulator, wherein a first detection area and a second detection area are respectively arranged on two sides of the working platform, and a transfer platform is arranged between the first detection area and the second detection area; the first manipulator is arranged in the first detection area, and the movable area of the first manipulator covers the first detection area and the transfer platform; the second manipulator is arranged in a second detection area, and the moving area of the second manipulator covers the second detection area and the transfer platform; the first detection area is provided with a feeding mechanism, a transverse moving mechanism, an upper surface detection mechanism and a first side surface detection mechanism, and the second detection area is provided with a lower surface detection mechanism, a second side surface detection mechanism and a discharging mechanism; the transverse moving mechanism is used for conveying the battery to the upper surface detection mechanism to complete detection and return to the original position, the upper surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the upper surface of the battery, the first side surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the side surface of the battery, the lower surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the lower surface of the battery, the second side surface detection mechanism is used for collecting image information of the remaining side surface of the battery, and the discharging mechanism is used for conveying the battery which is subjected to the detection process out of the device.
2. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the feeding mechanism and the discharging mechanism are both belt type conveying devices.
3. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 2, wherein: the discharging mechanism comprises an NG discharging belt and an OK discharging belt.
4. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the transfer platform is provided with double stations and used for placing two batteries.
5. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the first manipulator comprises a base arranged on the working platform, a movable arm connected to the base and a grabbing sucker, and the grabbing sucker is horizontally and rotatably arranged at the free end of the movable arm; the second manipulator has the same structure as the first manipulator.
6. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 5, wherein: the sucking disc that snatchs of first manipulator is equipped with two, is first sucking disc and the second respectively and snatchs the sucking disc, first snatchs the sucking disc and is connected with the free end of digging arm to can pivoting, the second snatchs the sucking disc and installs side by side in the first one side that snatchs the sucking disc.
7. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the upper surface detection mechanism, the first side surface detection mechanism, the lower surface detection mechanism and the second side surface detection mechanism are all provided with a photographing device and a photographing position, the photographing devices of the upper surface detection mechanism and the lower surface detection mechanism are vertically opposite to the photographing position, and the photographing devices of the first side surface detection mechanism and the second side surface detection mechanism are horizontally opposite to the photographing position.
8. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 7, wherein: the upper surface detection mechanism, the first side surface detection mechanism, the lower surface detection mechanism and the second side surface detection mechanism are arranged at the same horizontal height.
9. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the feeding mechanism, the code scanning mechanism, the transverse moving mechanism, the upper surface detection mechanism and the first side surface detection mechanism are distributed around the first manipulator in a fan shape; the lower surface detection mechanism, the second side surface detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism are distributed around the second mechanical arm in a fan shape.
10. The battery appearance detecting device according to claim 1, wherein: the battery appearance detection device also comprises a controller, wherein the controller is used for controlling the battery appearance detection device to work according to a set program.
CN201921052437.4U 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 Battery appearance detection equipment Active CN210121576U (en)

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CN201921052437.4U CN210121576U (en) 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 Battery appearance detection equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921052437.4U CN210121576U (en) 2019-07-05 2019-07-05 Battery appearance detection equipment

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CN210121576U true CN210121576U (en) 2020-03-03

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114535116A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-05-27 歌尔科技有限公司 Visual detection device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114535116A (en) * 2022-01-27 2022-05-27 歌尔科技有限公司 Visual detection device

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