CN210010258U - Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing - Google Patents

Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210010258U
CN210010258U CN201920562895.6U CN201920562895U CN210010258U CN 210010258 U CN210010258 U CN 210010258U CN 201920562895 U CN201920562895 U CN 201920562895U CN 210010258 U CN210010258 U CN 210010258U
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China
Prior art keywords
box body
box
cleaning mechanism
herbal pieces
motor
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Application number
CN201920562895.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王桂侠
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Anhui Jishun Traditional Chinese Medicine Pieces Co Ltd
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Anhui Jishun Traditional Chinese Medicine Pieces Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920562895.6U priority Critical patent/CN210010258U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a preprocessing device for processing traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces, which comprises a box body, wherein a purging device, a first cleaning mechanism, a second cleaning mechanism, a spray cleaning mechanism and a conveying mechanism are sequentially arranged in the box body from top to bottom; the first cleaning mechanism comprises two large brushing rollers which are symmetrically arranged in front and back; the second cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of small brushing rollers which are transversely arranged; the utility model removes dust and impurities such as grass leaves by wind power and then cleans by brushing, and has high automation degree and high efficiency; the utility model discloses utilize big scrubbing roller to carry out the dry brush, recycle little scrubbing roller cooperation water spray and carry out wet brush, scrub effectually, the sanitization is worth wideling popularize.

Description

Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the herbal pieces-processing, concretely relates to preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing.
Background
The traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces are prepared from traditional Chinese medicines according to the traditional Chinese medicine theory and the traditional Chinese medicine preparation method, and can be directly used as traditional Chinese medicines in traditional Chinese medicine clinical practice. The concept shows that the traditional Chinese medicine and the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces have no absolute limit, and the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces comprise part of traditional Chinese medicine slices processed by the production place, original-shape traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces and decoction pieces processed by cutting and processing.
The genuine traditional Chinese medicinal materials of the raw materials of the traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces need to be pretreated after being harvested and aired so as to be processed in the next step, impurities such as grass leaves on the medicinal materials need to be removed firstly in the prior art, then the medicinal materials are cleaned, generally, the impurities are removed manually, and then the medicinal materials are cleaned by a roller, so that the efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces, which can complete impurity removal and cleaning at one time in order to solve the problems.
The utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes above-mentioned purpose:
the utility model provides a preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing, includes the box, set gradually in the box from top to bottom and sweep device, first wiper mechanism, second wiper mechanism, spray rinsing mechanism and conveying mechanism, sweep the device including locating the left fan of box, the left air intake of box is connected to the air outlet of fan, and the right side of box is equipped with the air outlet that corresponds.
First wiper mechanism includes the big scrubbing roller that two front and back symmetries set up, and the surface of big scrubbing roller is equipped with the brush hair, and the left end of the roller shaft of big scrubbing roller extends to the box left side to install first driven gear, two first driven gear intermeshing of big scrubbing roller, still be equipped with driven pulleys on one of them big scrubbing roller's the roller shaft, this driven pulleys passes through the belt and connects the epaxial driving pulley of the output of first motor, and first motor passes through the motor cabinet and installs on the box.
The second wiper mechanism includes the little scrubbing roller that a plurality of transversely arranged, and little scrubbing roller surface is equipped with the brush hair, and the rear end of little scrubbing roller's roller extends to the rear side of box to installation driven sprocket, driven sprocket passes through the chain and connects drive sprocket, and drive sprocket passes through the sprocket axle and installs on the box, and the epaxial second driven gear that is equipped with of sprocket of one of them drive sprocket, this second driven gear and driving gear meshing, this driving gear is installed on the output shaft of second motor. The second motor drives the driving gear and drives the second driven gear through gear transmission so as to drive the driving chain wheel, and the driving chain wheel drives the driven chain wheel and the small brushing roller to rotate through chain transmission.
The spray washing mechanism comprises a spray washing pipe, a plurality of spray heads are arranged at the top of the spray washing pipe, and one end of the spray washing pipe is connected with a water supply pipe through a pipeline. The spray washing pipe sprays water upwards from the spray head and is matched with the small brushing roller to brush the medicinal materials.
Conveying mechanism is equipped with helical blade including carrying the axle, carries epaxial being equipped with, and helical blade's below is equipped with semi-cylindrical's filter screen, carries the left end of axle to extend to the left side of box and through the output shaft of coupling joint first motor. The first motor drives the helical blade to push the box body out of the medicinal material on the filter screen.
As a further optimization scheme of the utility model, the air outlet department of box is equipped with the air-out fill, and the air-out fill is the toper, and the box is connected to the great one end of diameter. The end with smaller diameter is connected with the dust collection box through a pipeline.
As the utility model discloses a further optimization scheme, the top of box is equipped with the feed inlet, is equipped with the feeder hopper on the feed inlet.
As a further optimization scheme of the utility model, be equipped with the discharge gate on the box on transport axle right side. The discharge port is positioned on the upper edge of the filter screen.
As a further optimization scheme of the utility model, the material of filter screen is the wire net.
As a further optimization scheme of the utility model, bottom one side of box is equipped with the outlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1) the utility model removes dust and impurities such as grass leaves by wind power and then cleans by brushing, and has high automation degree and high efficiency;
2) the utility model discloses utilize big scrubbing roller to carry out dry brush, recycle little scrubbing roller cooperation water spray and carry out wet brush, scrub effectually, the sanitization.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a first driven gear of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the driven sprocket and the driving sprocket of the present invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a box body 1, a fan 2, an air outlet hopper 3, a large brushing roller 4, a first driven gear 5, a first motor 6, a small brushing roller 7, a driven sprocket 8, a driving sprocket 9, a second driven gear 10, a driving gear 11, a spray pipe 12, a conveying shaft 13, a helical blade 14 and a filter screen 15.
Detailed Description
The present application will now be described in further detail with reference to the drawings, it should be noted that the following detailed description is given for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present application, as those skilled in the art will be able to make numerous insubstantial modifications and adaptations to the present application based on the above disclosure.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention; in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" or "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
As shown in fig. 1-3, a preprocessing device for herbal pieces-processing, includes box 1, set gradually device, first wiper mechanism, second wiper mechanism, spray rinsing mechanism and conveying mechanism from top to bottom in the box 1, sweep the device including locating the left fan 2 of box 1, the left air intake of box 1 is connected to the air outlet of fan 2, and the right side of box 1 is equipped with corresponding air outlet.
First wiper mechanism includes two big scrubbing rollers 4 that the front and back symmetry set up, the surface of big scrubbing roller 4 is equipped with the brush hair, the left end of the roller of big scrubbing roller 4 extends to the 1 left side of box, and install first driven gear 5, two first driven gear 5 intermeshing of big scrubbing roller 4, still be equipped with driven pulleys on one of them big scrubbing roller 4's the roller, this driven pulleys passes through the driving pulley on the output shaft of belt connection first motor 6, first motor 6 passes through the motor cabinet and installs on box 1.
The second wiper mechanism includes the little scrubbing roller 7 that a plurality of transversely arranged, little scrubbing roller 7 surface is equipped with the brush hair, the rear end of little scrubbing roller 7's roller shaft extends to the rear side of box 1, and installation driven sprocket 8, driven sprocket 8 passes through the chain and connects drive sprocket 9, drive sprocket 9 passes through the sprocket shaft and installs on box 1, be equipped with second driven gear 10 on one of them drive sprocket 9's the sprocket shaft, this second driven gear 10 and driving gear 11 mesh, this driving gear 11 is installed on the output shaft of second motor. The second motor drives the driving gear 11 and drives the second driven gear 10 through gear transmission, so as to drive the driving sprocket 9, and the driving sprocket 9 drives the driven sprocket 8 and the small brushing roller 7 to rotate through chain transmission.
The spray washing mechanism comprises a spray washing pipe 12, a plurality of spray heads are arranged at the top of the spray washing pipe 12, and one end of the spray washing pipe 12 is connected with a water supply pipe through a pipeline. The spray washing pipe 12 sprays water upwards from the spray head and is matched with the small brushing roller 7 to brush the medicinal materials.
The conveying mechanism comprises a conveying shaft 13, a spiral blade 14 is arranged on the conveying shaft 13, a semi-cylindrical filter screen 15 is arranged below the spiral blade 14, and the left end of the conveying shaft 13 extends to the left side of the box body 1 and is connected with an output shaft of the first motor 6 through a coupler. The first motor 6 drives the helical blade 14 to push the medicinal material on the filter screen 15 out of the box body 1 for discharging.
Above-mentioned, the air outlet department of box 1 is equipped with air-out fill 3, and air-out fill 3 is the toper, and box 1 is connected to the great one end of diameter. The end with smaller diameter is connected with the dust collection box through a pipeline.
Above-mentioned, the top of box 1 is equipped with the feed inlet, is equipped with the feeder hopper on the feed inlet.
The box body 1 on the right side of the conveying shaft 13 is provided with a discharge port. The discharge hole is positioned on the upper edge of the filter screen 15.
The filter screen 15 is made of a steel wire mesh.
The water outlet is arranged at one side of the bottom of the box body 1.
The utility model discloses a structural feature and theory of operation: the medicinal material gets into box 1 from the feed inlet, then blow through fan 2, follow the air current with the great debris of buoyancy such as grass leaf and follow box 1 discharge separation, then the medicinal material falls to and washes roller 4 greatly on and carry out preliminary washing to the medicinal material through two big scrubbing roller 4, prolong its and air current's contact time simultaneously, the medicinal material after preliminary washing falls into little scrubbing roller 7 on, the injection rivers of cooperation bottom scrub the medicinal material, the medicinal material after the brush falls on filter screen 15, sewage and little volume debris fall to box 1 bottom discharge through filter screen 15, the medicinal material is detained on filter screen 15, drive helical blade 14 through carrying axle 13 and release box 1.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing, includes the box, its characterized in that: the blowing device, the first cleaning mechanism, the second cleaning mechanism, the spraying mechanism and the conveying mechanism are sequentially arranged in the box body from top to bottom, the blowing device comprises a fan arranged on the left side of the box body, an air outlet of the fan is connected with an air inlet on the left side of the box body, and a corresponding air outlet is formed in the right side of the box body;
the first cleaning mechanism comprises two large brushing rollers which are symmetrically arranged in front and back, bristles are arranged on the surfaces of the large brushing rollers, the left ends of roll shafts of the large brushing rollers extend to the left side of the box body, first driven gears are installed, the first driven gears of the two large brushing rollers are meshed with each other, a driven belt wheel is further arranged on the roll shaft of one large brushing roller and is connected with a driving belt wheel on an output shaft of a first motor through a belt, and the first motor is installed on the box body through a motor base;
the second cleaning mechanism comprises a plurality of small brushing rollers which are transversely arranged, bristles are arranged on the surfaces of the small brushing rollers, the rear ends of roll shafts of the small brushing rollers extend to the rear side of the box body, driven chain wheels are installed and connected with driving chain wheels through chains, the driving chain wheels are installed on the box body through chain wheel shafts, a second driven gear is arranged on the chain wheel shaft of one driving chain wheel and meshed with a driving gear, and the driving gear is installed on an output shaft of a second motor;
the spray washing mechanism comprises a spray washing pipe, the top of the spray washing pipe is provided with a plurality of spray heads, and one end of the spray washing pipe is connected with a water supply pipe through a pipeline;
conveying mechanism is equipped with helical blade including carrying the axle, carries epaxial being equipped with, and helical blade's below is equipped with semi-cylindrical's filter screen, carries the left end of axle to extend to the left side of box and through the output shaft of coupling joint first motor.
2. The pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces according to claim 1, wherein: an air outlet hopper is arranged at the air outlet of the box body, the air outlet hopper is conical, and the end with the larger diameter is connected with the box body.
3. The pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces according to claim 1, wherein: the top of box is equipped with the feed inlet, is equipped with the feeder hopper on the feed inlet.
4. The pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces according to claim 1, wherein: and a discharge port is arranged on the box body on the right side of the conveying shaft.
5. The pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces according to claim 1, wherein: the filter screen is made of a steel wire mesh.
6. The pretreatment device for processing Chinese herbal pieces according to claim 1, wherein: a water outlet is arranged on one side of the bottom of the box body.
CN201920562895.6U 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing Active CN210010258U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920562895.6U CN210010258U (en) 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920562895.6U CN210010258U (en) 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210010258U true CN210010258U (en) 2020-02-04

Family

ID=69315736

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920562895.6U Active CN210010258U (en) 2019-04-24 2019-04-24 Preprocessing device is used in herbal pieces-processing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210010258U (en)

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