CN209918897U - Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe - Google Patents

Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209918897U
CN209918897U CN201920383251.0U CN201920383251U CN209918897U CN 209918897 U CN209918897 U CN 209918897U CN 201920383251 U CN201920383251 U CN 201920383251U CN 209918897 U CN209918897 U CN 209918897U
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numerical control
sliding table
control sliding
direction numerical
sliding
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CN201920383251.0U
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林志贺
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林志贺
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Abstract

The utility model provides a vertical many main shafts of disk numerical control lathe, it mainly comprises multiunit main shaft unit, X to numerical control slip table, Z to numerical control slip table, numerical control capstan head knife rest and a set of frame, its characterized in that: a sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is arranged at the rear part of the machine base, and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is vertically arranged; the X-direction numerical control sliding table and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are vertically arranged, a sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and a sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are manufactured into a whole and are arranged in a T shape or an L shape; the X-direction numerical control sliding table always moves above the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the multiple groups of numerical control sliding tables in the X direction and the Z direction can move independently; the multiple groups of spindle units are arranged in parallel, and a numerical control turret tool rest is arranged on a sliding plate of each X-direction numerical control sliding table; the rotation axis of the numerical control turret tool rest is parallel to the motion track of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and a cutter disc of the numerical control turret tool rest faces an operator part; a cutter head of the numerical control turret tool rest always moves in front of a sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table; the multi-spindle numerical control lathe is simple in structure, small in front space, convenient to maintain and economical in manufacturing cost, and is very suitable for efficient machining of large and medium batch disc parts.

Description

Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe
Technical Field
The invention relates to a numerical control lathe, in particular to a vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe for machining disc parts.
Background
With the joyful and development of the national equipment manufacturing industry, the numerical control machine tool is a mainstream product of the machine tool industry and becomes a key device for realizing the modernization of the equipment manufacturing industry. The conventional numerical control lathe occupies a large area, and workers need to walk for a large distance when operating multiple machines, so that the labor intensity of the workers is increased, and the working efficiency is influenced; in addition, as the land resources shrink, the cost of the processing site becomes higher and higher, and therefore, it is desired that the equipment be more compact and miniaturized, thereby increasing the volume ratio of the workshop and reducing the management cost. The vertical lathe for processing the disc parts is relatively convenient to feed and discharge, high in staff operation efficiency and relatively low in labor intensity, but the current vertical lathe is generally large in size and high in equipment cost, so that the popularization rate is not high; therefore, a numerical control vertical lathe for machining disc parts, which has the advantages of compact operation space, convenient maintenance and proper manufacturing cost, is urgently needed in the market at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a multi-spindle vertical numerically controlled lathe for machining disc parts, which has the advantages of compact operation space, convenience in maintenance and proper manufacturing cost. In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: it mainly comprises multiunit main shaft unit, X to numerical control slip table, Z to numerical control slip table, numerical control capstan head knife rest and a set of frame, its characterized in that: the main shaft unit and the machine base are manufactured or fixed into a whole, the main shaft unit is vertically arranged at the lower part of the machine base, and a workpiece clamping part of the main shaft unit faces upwards; the rotation axis of the main shaft unit is parallel to the moving track of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table and the base are manufactured or fixed into a whole, the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is arranged at the rear part of the base, and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is vertically arranged; the X-direction numerical control sliding table and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are vertically arranged, the X-direction numerical control sliding table is horizontally arranged, and the moving rail direction of the X-direction numerical control sliding table is in the front-back direction relative to an operator; the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are manufactured into a whole and are in T-shaped or L-shaped layout; the X-direction numerical control sliding table always moves above the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the multiple groups of numerical control sliding tables in the X direction and the Z direction can move independently; the multiple groups of spindle units are arranged in parallel, and a numerical control turret tool rest is arranged on a sliding plate of each X-direction numerical control sliding table; the rotation axis of the numerical control turret tool rest is parallel to the motion track of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and a cutter disc of the numerical control turret tool rest faces an operator part; the cutter head of the numerical control turret tool rest always moves in front of the slide seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table.
The numerical control sliding table comprises a sliding seat, a sliding plate, a guide rail and a numerical control driving mechanism, wherein the numerical control driving mechanism drives the sliding plate to generate accurate displacement motion relative to the sliding seat; the guide rail can be manufactured into a whole with the sliding seat or the sliding plate or can be separated from the sliding seat or the sliding plate, such as a sliding hard rail and a linear rolling guide rail; the numerical control driving mechanism preferably adopts a driving mechanism of a numerical control motor and a screw rod group, and adopts a servo linear motor in the second selection. For convenience of description, the sliding seat in the invention refers to the stationary side of the sliding table, and the sliding plate refers to the moving side of the sliding table.
For convenience of description, the vertical direction facing an operator is taken as the Z direction, and the front-back direction facing a person is taken as the X direction; it is also understood that the axial direction of the spindle unit is the Z direction and the radial direction of the spindle unit is the X direction.
For the further improvement of the technical scheme, the spindle unit is an electric spindle unit, so that the vibration can be reduced, the rotating speed can be increased, and in addition, the electric spindle unit is convenient to install and simple in appearance structure.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the structure is simple, the front space is small, the maintenance is convenient, the cost is economical, the machine is a multi-spindle device, and multiple units can synchronously turn during processing, so the efficiency is high, and the device is very suitable for processing large and medium batch disc parts.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic front three-dimensional structure of a first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a back three-dimensional structure of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic side view of the first embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of an integrated part of a sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and a sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table according to the first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of an integrated part of a sliding seat and a base of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table according to the first embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic side view of the second embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: the numerical control sliding table comprises a main shaft unit 1, an X-direction numerical control sliding table 2, a Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3, a numerical control turret tool rest 4, a machine base 6, a main shaft base 7, a workpiece clamping part 8 of the main shaft unit, a sliding plate 9 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, a sliding seat 10 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, a sliding seat 11 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a main shaft motor 12, a belt pulley 13, a sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a groove 15 made in the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a hole 16 through which a rotary power device of the numerical control turret tool rest passes, a boss 17 of the sliding plate 9 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, a groove 18 corresponding to clearance fit of the boss on the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, a groove made in the sliding seat 19 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, a nut seat 20, a motor seat 21 and a hole which is made in the middle part of the sliding plate of.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, embodiment 1 shown adopts a double-spindle upright numerical control lathe structure, which mainly comprises two groups of spindle units 1, an X-direction numerical control sliding table 2, a Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3, a numerical control turret tool rest 4 and a group of machine bases 6, and is characterized in that: the main shaft unit 1 is manufactured as a whole with the base 6, the main shaft unit 1 is vertically installed at the lower part of the base 6, and the workpiece clamping part 8 of the main shaft unit 1 faces upwards; the rotation axis of the main shaft unit 1 is parallel to the moving track of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3; the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3 and the base 6 are manufactured into a whole, the sliding plate 9 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is arranged at the rear part of the base 6, and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3 is vertically arranged; the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3 are vertically arranged, the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 is horizontally arranged, and the moving rail direction of the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 is in the front-back direction relative to an operator; the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 and the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3 are manufactured into a whole and are in T-shaped layout; the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 always moves above a sliding seat 10 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the two groups of X-direction and Z-direction numerical control sliding tables can independently move; the two groups of spindle units are arranged in parallel, and a numerical control turret tool rest 4 is arranged on a sliding plate 14 of each X-direction numerical control sliding table; the rotation axis of the numerical control turret tool rest 4 is parallel to the motion track of the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2, and a cutter disc of the numerical control turret tool rest 4 faces an operator part; the cutter head of the numerical control turret tool rest 4 always moves in front of the slide seat 11 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table.
Referring to the spindle unit 1 of embodiment 1 shown in fig. 3, a mode of a mechanical spindle unit and a spindle motor 12 is adopted, which is beneficial to increase torque by decelerating the spindle motor 12 through a belt pulley 13, because the outer diameter of a disc part is generally larger, the cutting torque is larger, but the requirement of spindle rotation speed is generally not high, so that the mode of driving the spindle unit 1 by adopting the spindle motor 12 through a mechanical deceleration mode is beneficial to production requirements.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the Z-direction numerical control slipway 3 of the embodiment 1 is in an overhanging slipway structure; namely, the length of the sliding plate 9 in the moving direction is greater than that of the sliding seat 10, and the sliding plate 9 is suspended outside the sliding seat 10 when working; the X-direction numerical control sliding table is also of an overhanging sliding table structure, and the numerical control turret tool rest 4 is arranged on a sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table close to the main shaft unit end 1 and is positioned at the overhanging end of the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table. The numerical control turret tool rest 4 of the embodiment 1 is installed below the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and since the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table 3 are both of overhanging sliding table structures, the numerical control turret tool rest 4 is installed below the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, which is beneficial to reducing the minimum distance from the central axis of the numerical control turret tool rest 4 to the sliding seat 10 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, thereby improving the rigidity of the machine tool.
Referring to the integrated part of the slide 11 of the X-direction numerically controlled slide and the slide 9 of the Z-direction numerically controlled slide of embodiment 1 shown in fig. 4, in order to reduce the overhang of the X-direction numerically controlled slide 2, a recess 15 and a hole 16 for the rotation power device of the numerically controlled turret tool post 4 to pass through are formed in the slide 11 of the X-direction numerically controlled slide. In order to prevent the chips in the process from entering the guide rail, the embodiment is provided with a boss 17 on the sliding plate 9 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, and a groove 18 which is in clearance fit with the boss 17 on the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is formed on the sliding seat 10 of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, and the clearance is preferably 0.1 to 0.5 mm. In order to reduce the overhang of the Z-direction numerically controlled slide 3, a recess 19 is made in the slide 10 of the Z-direction numerically controlled slide.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 3, the numerical control driving mechanism of the X-direction numerical control sliding table 2 in the embodiment 1 adopts a driving mechanism of a numerical control motor and a screw rod group, and is characterized in that: the whole numerical control driving mechanism is arranged above a sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a nut seat 20 is fixedly arranged on the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a motor seat 21 penetrates through the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and is fixed on a sliding seat 11 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and a hole 22 for preventing the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table from interfering with the motor seat 21 during working movement in an effective stroke is formed in the middle of the sliding plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control sliding table; the structure is simple and convenient to maintain.
The second embodiment shown with reference to fig. 6 is substantially the same as the first embodiment, and the main difference is that the numerical control turret tool rest 4 is mounted above the slide plate 14 of the X-direction numerical control slide table.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, but the structural features of the present invention are not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can make changes or modifications within the scope of the present invention; such as a single spindle configuration, is also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a vertical many main shafts of disk numerical control lathe, it mainly comprises multiunit main shaft unit, X to numerical control slip table, Z to numerical control slip table, numerical control capstan head knife rest and a set of frame, its characterized in that: the main shaft unit and the machine base are manufactured or fixed into a whole, the main shaft unit is vertically arranged at the lower part of the machine base, and a workpiece clamping part of the main shaft unit faces upwards; the rotation axis of the main shaft unit is parallel to the moving track of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table and the base are manufactured or fixed into a whole, the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is arranged at the rear part of the base, and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table is vertically arranged; the X-direction numerical control sliding table and the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are vertically arranged, the X-direction numerical control sliding table is horizontally arranged, and the moving rail direction of the X-direction numerical control sliding table is in the front-back direction relative to an operator; the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table are manufactured into a whole and are in T-shaped or L-shaped layout; the X-direction numerical control sliding table always moves above the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table; the multiple groups of numerical control sliding tables in the X direction and the Z direction can move independently; the multiple groups of spindle units are arranged in parallel, and a numerical control turret tool rest is arranged on a sliding plate of each X-direction numerical control sliding table; the rotation axis of the numerical control turret tool rest is parallel to the motion track of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and a cutter disc of the numerical control turret tool rest faces an operator part; the cutter head of the numerical control turret tool rest always moves in front of the slide seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table.
2. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to claim 1, characterized in that: the numerical control turret tool rest is arranged below a sliding plate of the X-direction numerical control sliding table.
3. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to claim 2, characterized in that: a groove and a hole for a rotary power device of the numerical control turret tool rest to pass through are manufactured on the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table.
4. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to claim 2, characterized in that: a groove is manufactured on the sliding seat of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table.
5. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that: a boss (17) is manufactured on a sliding plate (9) of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table, and a groove which is in clearance fit with the boss (17) on the sliding plate of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table correspondingly is manufactured on a sliding seat (10) of the Z-direction numerical control sliding table.
6. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that: the whole numerical control driving mechanism is arranged above a sliding plate of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a nut seat is fixedly arranged on the sliding plate of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, a motor seat penetrates through the sliding plate of the X-direction numerical control sliding table and is fixed on the sliding seat of the X-direction numerical control sliding table, and a hole for preventing the sliding plate of the X-direction numerical control sliding table from interfering with the motor seat when the X-direction numerical control sliding table works and moves in an effective stroke is formed in the middle of the sliding plate of the X.
7. The disc-like vertical multi-spindle numerically controlled lathe according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that: the spindle unit is an electric spindle unit.
CN201920383251.0U 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe Active CN209918897U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920383251.0U CN209918897U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920383251.0U CN209918897U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209918897U true CN209918897U (en) 2020-01-10

Family

ID=69071347

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920383251.0U Active CN209918897U (en) 2019-03-25 2019-03-25 Disc type vertical multi-spindle numerical control lathe

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209918897U (en)

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