CN209812513U - Intelligent drilling equipment for polymer pipe excircle in batches - Google Patents

Intelligent drilling equipment for polymer pipe excircle in batches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209812513U
CN209812513U CN201920491159.6U CN201920491159U CN209812513U CN 209812513 U CN209812513 U CN 209812513U CN 201920491159 U CN201920491159 U CN 201920491159U CN 209812513 U CN209812513 U CN 209812513U
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China
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polymer
tubular product
polymer pipe
transverse
clamping
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曾维楚
邓平
刘广
张立群
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ZHUZHOU HONGDA POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd
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ZHUZHOU HONGDA POLYMER MATERIALS CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a polymer tubular product excircle is intelligent drilling equipment in batches, it includes frame main part and the polymer tubular product clamping device of setting in the frame main part below, many polymer tubular products of polymer tubular product clamping device fixed centre gripping simultaneously are provided with a plurality of main shaft power drill bits in the frame main part, can relative movement between polymer tubular product clamping device and the frame main part to drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits and carry out drilling processing to many polymer tubular products simultaneously along polymer tubular product axial. The utility model discloses can be applicable to polymer tubular product batch drilling processing, improve production efficiency, satisfy the production demand of high-speed development.

Description

Intelligent drilling equipment for polymer pipe excircle in batches
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a polymer tubular product drilling equipment especially relates to a polymer tubular product excircle is intelligent drilling equipment in batches, belongs to polymer tubular product drilling processing technology field.
Background
The polymer materials are classified into natural polymer materials and synthetic polymer materials according to the source. Natural polymers are high molecular substances existing in animals, plants and living bodies, and can be classified into natural fibers, natural resins, natural rubbers, animal gums, and the like. The synthetic polymer material mainly refers to three synthetic materials of plastic, synthetic rubber and synthetic fiber, and also comprises adhesive, paint and various functional polymer materials. The high polymer pipes made of high polymer materials are various, for example, a high polymer polyethylene pipe is a novel plastic pipe which has the advantages of wear resistance, impact resistance, corrosion resistance, impact energy absorption, no scale formation, no water absorption and extremely small self-lubricating friction coefficient.
Along with the improvement of the corresponding demand of pipe product drilling and the demand of cost control, traditional drilling equipment is because the disposable drilling is few reason, and productivity ratio is low, can not satisfy the production demand of high-speed development, and the batch processing is enterprise productivity improvement, satisfies the key of production demand. At present, the efficiency of a gang drill structure partially used for drilling pipe products is improved to some extent, but the limit that only single products can be drilled once and the equipment customization cost is high and the period is long exists, so that the multi-specification product debugging and processing method is not suitable for multi-specification product debugging and processing, and the multi-direction automatic processing of drilling of the pipe products at any angle of 360 degrees cannot be met. Meanwhile, the flexibility and the automation degree need to be improved.
Related patents of related polymer pipe drilling technology are not retrieved for a while related patent documents of some non-polymer pipe drilling technologies are as follows:
1. chinese patent application publication No. CN 101905334a, and application publication No. 2010, 12/8/discloses a gang drilling device for processing a blowing pipe of a bag type dust collector, which comprises a rotating shaft, wherein one end of the rotating shaft is connected with an output shaft of a motor through a transmission chain, a plurality of vertical transmission bevel gears are mounted on the shaft, each vertical transmission bevel gear is correspondingly engaged with a plurality of transverse bevel gears, each transverse bevel gear is correspondingly connected with a respective drill bit, and the blowing pipe is mounted below the drill bit.
2. Chinese patent application publication No. CN 105728779a, application publication No. 2016, 7, 6, discloses a synchronous drilling device for multiple steel pipe actuators, which comprises a base, a first working frame, a second working frame, a first driving mechanism, a drilling mechanism and a supporting mechanism, wherein: the base is horizontally arranged, and a first side frame and a second side frame which are oppositely arranged are vertically arranged at two ends of the base; the first working frame is positioned above the base and is parallel to the base, two ends of the first working frame are respectively arranged on the first side frame and the second side frame, and a plurality of guide holes penetrating through the upper surface and the lower surface of the first working frame are arranged on the first working frame in parallel along the horizontal direction; the second working frame is positioned on the first working frame and is parallel to the first working frame, and two ends of the second working frame are respectively movably arranged on the first side frame and the second side frame; the first driving mechanism is connected with the second working frame and drives the second working frame to move up and down in the vertical direction; the drilling mechanism comprises a plurality of vertically arranged drill rods and a plurality of drilling assemblies, the number of the drill rods is consistent with that of the guide holes, the top ends of the drill rods are connected with the first working frame, and the bottom ends of the drill rods penetrate through the guide holes and are connected with the drilling assemblies respectively; the supporting mechanism comprises a second driving mechanism, a first stand column and a second stand column which are arranged oppositely, the first stand column and the second stand column are vertically arranged and are installed on the base, a first supporting component and a second supporting component which are used for clamping the steel pipe are arranged on opposite surfaces of the first stand column and the second stand column respectively, and the second driving mechanism is connected with the first supporting component and the second supporting component and drives the first supporting component and the second supporting component to rotate.
3. The Chinese patent with application publication number CN 106881472A and application publication date of 2017, 6 and 23 discloses an automatic drilling device for multi-specification pipe fittings, which comprises a base, wherein an output shaft of a longitudinal servo motor is connected with a ball screw, and the ball screw is supported by a bearing and assembled on the base; a workbench is further arranged above the base, a rolling guide rail is arranged between the workbench and the base, a driving conical fixture rotating mechanism is arranged on the workbench, and the mechanism comprises a support frame, a rotating servo motor, a speed reducer and a center height adjusting device; the lower part of the center height adjusting device is connected with a speed reducer, the center height adjusting device is provided with a positioning ring and a shifting rod, the positioning ring and the shifting rod are connected with a conical fixture, the conical fixture is composed of two cones, a tensioning screw rod and a nut at the right end of the tensioning screw rod, a support frame is arranged below the conical fixture, and a rotor is arranged on the support frame.
4. The application publication number is CN 107214361A, and the application publication date is 2017, 9, 29, Chinese patent application discloses a metal pipe drilling device for producing an air-entraining block, which comprises a bottom plate, wherein a first air cylinder and a base are respectively arranged on the left side of the bottom plate in a fixed mounting mode and a horizontal sliding mode, and the first air cylinder is connected with the base; rotating shafts rotatably mounted on the base are arranged on the base in the front-back direction, the right end of each rotating shaft is connected with a drill bit, and the left end of any one of the rotating shafts is connected with a motor fixedly mounted on the base; each rotating shaft is provided with a belt wheel; a transmission belt for connecting the belt wheels in a transmission way is arranged between all the belt wheels; the upper right side of the bottom plate is provided with a fixed seat and a sliding seat in a fixed mounting mode and a horizontal sliding mode respectively, the right end of the sliding seat is intercepted with a second air cylinder, and the upper ends of the fixed seat and the sliding seat are cambered surfaces corresponding to 90-degree central angles.
5. The utility model discloses a device for simultaneously drilling multiple pipe clamps, which comprises a frame, a lifting platform arranged at the front side of the frame in a vertical direction in a sliding manner, a workbench arranged on the lifting platform in a sliding manner in the front-back direction, a workpiece fixing structure arranged on the workbench in the left-right direction, a multi-shaft drilling structure arranged at the top of the frame, a lifting cylinder arranged on the frame and used for driving the lifting platform to slide up and down, and a positioning fixed-length pushing structure which is rotatably arranged at one side of the frame and matched with the lifting platform, wherein the multi-shaft drilling structure is provided with a plurality of drill bits in the left-right direction and is positioned right above the workpiece fixing structure, one end of the workpiece is abutted against the upper part of the positioning fixed-length pushing structure when the workpiece is fixed on the workpiece fixing structure, and the lower part of the positioning fixed-length pushing structure is abutted against the lifting platform, when the lifting platform descends to a preset position, the positioning fixed-length pushing structure can push the workpiece by a preset length.
None of the drilling devices in the above patent documents is suitable for mass drilling.
To sum up, design a polymer tubular product excircle intelligent drilling equipment in batches, make it can be applicable to polymer tubular product batch drilling processing, improve production efficiency, satisfy the production demand of high-speed development and be the technical problem that the solution is urgently needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that to the defect that exists among the prior art, provide a polymer tubular product excircle intelligence drilling equipment in batches, it can be applicable to polymer tubular product batch drilling processing, has improved production efficiency, has satisfied the production demand of high-speed development.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses the technical scheme who takes does: the utility model provides a polymer tubular product excircle is intelligent drilling equipment in batches, it includes frame main part and the polymer tubular product clamping device of setting in frame main part below, many polymer tubular products of polymer tubular product clamping device centre gripping fixed simultaneously are provided with a plurality of main shaft power drill bits in the frame main part, can relative movement between polymer tubular product clamping device and the frame main part to drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits and carry out drilling processing to many polymer tubular products simultaneously along polymer tubular product axial.
Preferably, the rack main body is of a gantry structure, a lifting beam capable of moving up and down is arranged on the rack main body, and a plurality of main shaft power drill bits are arranged on the lifting beam along the length direction of the lifting beam; a plurality of mounting holes are formed in the lifting beam, each main shaft power drill bit is correspondingly arranged in one mounting hole, and a connecting screw is arranged on the side part of the lifting beam at each mounting hole; after the main shaft power drill bit is inserted into the mounting hole, the main shaft power drill bit is screwed into the mounting hole through the connecting screw to be tightly pressed against the inner peripheral surface of the mounting hole, and therefore the main shaft power drill is connected onto the lifting cross beam.
Preferably, the polymer pipe clamping device comprises a working platform, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with tip cones I and a plurality of tip cones II, wherein the telescopic power cylinders are arranged on one side of the working platform; when clamping, utilize flexible power cylinder to drive the apical cone and remove for a plurality of apical cones and a plurality of apical cone two insert respectively in the both ends of many polymer tubular product, thereby hold polymer tubular product along polymer tubular product axial through apical cone one and apical cone two.
Preferably, the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a feeding and discharging manipulator and a deflector rod mechanism, wherein the feeding and discharging manipulator and the deflector rod mechanism are used for automatically clamping the polymer pipe, and the deflector rod mechanism can be used for deflecting the polymer pipe from the second tip cone.
Preferably, the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a feeding and discharging manipulator used for automatically clamping the polymer pipe, a power cylinder mechanism is arranged on the working platform and connected with the sliding block, and the sliding block can move back and forth or be fixed along the guide pillar under the driving of the power cylinder mechanism.
Preferably, a plurality of rotary power heads are arranged on the other side of the working platform, and a plurality of tip cones are respectively and fixedly connected to the plurality of rotary power heads; and the plurality of tip cones are all rotatably connected to the piston rods of the plurality of telescopic power cylinders.
Preferably, polymer tubular product clamping device still includes a horizontal supporting beam, is provided with the guide pillar on work platform, is provided with the support slider that can follow guide pillar round trip movement or fix on the guide pillar, support slider and horizontal supporting beam rigid coupling, and a plurality of flexible power cylinders all set up on a horizontal supporting beam.
Preferably, a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are further arranged on the working platform between the tip cone I and the tip cone II; and clamping the middle parts of the polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by utilizing a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms.
Preferably, a sliding block is further connected to the guide pillar between the first tip cone and the second tip cone in a sliding manner, a transverse guide rail is fixedly connected to the sliding block, and the plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are connected to the transverse guide rail.
Preferably, the polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism comprises a base block, a transverse power cylinder arranged on the base block and a supporting block arranged on one side of the base block, the supporting block is used for supporting the polymer pipe, a pressing block is arranged on a piston rod of the transverse power cylinder, and the supporting block and the pressing block are both made of polymer materials; when the fixing device is used for fixing, the transverse power cylinder acts, so that the polymer pipe is tightly pressed and fixed on the supporting block through the pressing block.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the utility model discloses a set up many polymer tubular product clamping device and have the portable frame of multirow drill bit and cooperate, can be simultaneously to many polymer tubular product processing of driling, be applicable to polymer tubular product batch drilling processing, improved production efficiency, satisfied the production demand of high-speed development. The telescopic power cylinder drives the tip cones to act, and the tip cones at two ends of the polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or unclamping the polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, the plurality of top cones and the top cones are matched, so that the plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously, the drilling machine is suitable for batch drilling of the polymer pipes, the production efficiency is improved, and the production requirement of high-speed development is met. The tip cone I and the tip cone II are both made of high polymer materials, so that when the clamping is carried out, the high polymer pipe can be prevented from being deformed, the product processing quality is improved, the friction force between the tip cone and the pipe can be improved, and the synchronous rotation between the high polymer pipe and the tip cone is ensured. Through setting up initiative addendum cone and the cooperation of follow-up addendum cone each other, realized the automatic rotation of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency. Through all setting up a plurality of flexible power cylinders on the horizontal supporting beam that can remove, make the utility model discloses can adjust the position of a plurality of flexible power cylinders according to operating condition is nimble to carry out nimble adjustment to the distance between tip cone one and the tip cone two, be applicable to the polymer tubular product of processing different length. Through being provided with the horizontal fixture of a plurality of polymer tubular products, utilize the horizontal fixture of a plurality of polymer tubular products to carry out the centre gripping to the middle part of many polymer tubular products along polymer tubular product is radial, the steadiness of polymer tubular product when can further guarantee drilling improves processingquality. The quantity and the position of transverse guide can set up according to operating condition's requirement, carry out the centre gripping to the position that the polymer tubular product is different, have more the practicality like this. Through the concrete structural design to the horizontal fixture of polymer tubular product, steadiness when can guarantee the drilling of polymer tubular product to drilling effect has been guaranteed. In addition, the supporting block and the pressing block for clamping and fixing the polymer pipe are both made of polymer materials, so that the surface of the polymer pipe cannot be damaged, and the processing quality of a product is improved. Through setting up feeding mechanical arm and deflector rod mechanism and cooperating or cooperate through setting up feeding mechanical arm and power cylinder mechanism, realized the process of the automatic feeding and discharging of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic front view of embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a lifting beam provided with a plurality of spindle power drills in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a polymer tube clamping device in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic front view of a polymer tube clamping device in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of a partial top view structure of a plurality of tip cones in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of a three-dimensional structure of the embodiment 1 of the present invention in which a turntable and a tip cone are matched;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of a partial three-dimensional structure at a transverse guide rail in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic view of a partial three-dimensional structure at a plurality of transverse rails in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic view of a partial three-dimensional structure of a polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention when clamping is not performed;
fig. 12 is a schematic view of a partial structure of a polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention during clamping;
fig. 13 is a schematic front view of embodiment 2 of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. the device comprises a frame main body, 2 parts of a polymer pipe clamping device, 3 parts of a polymer pipe, 4 parts of a main shaft power drill bit, 5 parts of a lifting beam, 6 parts of a connecting screw, 7 parts of a working platform, 8 parts of a top cone I, 9 parts of a telescopic power cylinder, 10 parts of a top cone II, 11 parts of a rotating power head, 12 parts of a rotating disc, 13 parts of a turbine worm mechanism, 14 parts of a coupler, 15 parts of a servo motor, 16 parts of a transverse supporting beam, 17 parts of a guide pillar, 18 parts of a supporting slide block, 19 parts of a polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism, 20 parts of a slide block, 21 parts of a transverse guide rail, 22 parts of a limiting part, 23 parts of a base block, 24 parts of a transverse power cylinder, 25 parts of a supporting block, 26 parts of a pressing block.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be further elaborated with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Example 1: as shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, a polymer tubular product excircle is intelligent drilling equipment in batches, it includes frame main part 1 and polymer tubular product clamping device 2 of setting in frame main part 1 below, many polymer tubular products 3 of polymer tubular product clamping device 2 ability centre gripping simultaneously, be provided with a plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 in frame main part 1, can relative movement between polymer tubular product clamping device 2 and the frame main part 1, thereby drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 along polymer tubular product axial to carry out drilling processing to many polymer tubular products 3 simultaneously. This embodiment cooperatees through setting up many polymer tubular product clamping device and the portable frame that has the multirow drill bit, can carry out drilling processing to many polymer tubular products simultaneously. Therefore, the embodiment can be suitable for batch drilling processing of high-molecular pipes, improves the production efficiency, and meets the production requirement of high-speed development. The frame main body 1 and the polymer pipe clamping device 2 can move relatively, and the first form is to fix the polymer pipe clamping device 2 variably and drive the frame main body 1 to move back and forth along the polymer pipe clamping device 2 through the matching of a servo motor and a screw rod nut mechanism; in another form, the rack main body 1 is fixed, and the servo motor is matched with the screw rod nut mechanism to drive the polymer pipe clamping device 2 to move back and forth along the rack main body 1.
The machine frame main body 1 is of a gantry structure, a lifting cross beam 5 capable of moving up and down is arranged on the machine frame main body 1, the lifting cross beam 5 can also be driven by matching a servo motor with a screw rod nut mechanism, and a plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 are arranged on the lifting cross beam 5 along the length direction of the lifting cross beam 5. When the frame body 1 moves in place, the spindle power drill bits 4 are located above the polymer pipes 3, and the lifting beam 5 is controlled to drive the spindle power drill bits 4 to move downwards simultaneously to drill the polymer pipes 3.
As shown in fig. 3, a plurality of mounting holes (not shown) are formed in the lifting beam 5, each spindle power drill 4 is correspondingly disposed in one mounting hole, and a connecting screw 6 is disposed at a side portion of the lifting beam 5 located at each mounting hole; after the spindle power drill 4 is inserted into the mounting hole, the spindle power drill 4 is screwed into the mounting hole through the connecting screw 6 to tightly press the spindle power drill 4 against the inner peripheral surface of the mounting hole, thereby connecting the spindle power drill 4 to the lifting beam 5. The structure is set, so that the main shaft power drill bit can be adjusted in the height direction, and is convenient to adjust when polymer pipes of different specifications are processed.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the polymer tube clamping device 2 comprises a working platform 7, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 with a first tip cone 8 arranged on one side of the working platform 7, and a plurality of second tip cones 10 arranged on the other side of the working platform 7; when clamping, utilize flexible power cylinder 9 to drive a tip cone 8 and remove for a plurality of tip cones 8 and a plurality of two 10 insert respectively in the both ends of many polymer tubular product 3, thereby hold polymer tubular product 3 along polymer tubular product axial through a tip cone 8 and two 10. In the embodiment, the telescopic power cylinder drives the tip cones to act, and the tip cones at two ends of the polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or unclamping the polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, the plurality of top cones and the top cones are matched, so that the plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously, the drilling machine is suitable for batch drilling of the polymer pipes, the production efficiency is improved, and the production requirement of high-speed development is met.
Because this embodiment is for centre gripping polymer tubular product, and the macromolecular material has self characteristics, consequently, first 8 of tip cones and second 10 of tip cones all adopt the macromolecular material to make, when the centre gripping like this, can prevent that polymer tubular product from warping, improve product processingquality and can improve the frictional force between tip cone and the tubular product, guarantee synchronous rotation between polymer tubular product and the tip cone. Here, in order to further increase the friction between the tip cone and the pipe, a texture may be further added to the outer surface of the tip cone. The telescopic power cylinder 9 can adopt a hydraulic cylinder or a pneumatic cylinder, so that the actual clamping force can be adjusted by adjusting oil pressure or air pressure according to the clamping force required actually, a pressure alarm device is further arranged on an oil circuit or an air circuit of the hydraulic cylinder or the pneumatic cylinder, and when the pressure does not reach or exceeds a set range, the pressure alarm device sends an alarm signal.
A plurality of rotary power heads 11 are arranged on the other side of the working platform 7, and a plurality of tip cones 10 are fixedly connected to the rotary power heads 11 respectively; and the tip cones 8 are rotatably connected to piston rods of the telescopic power cylinders 9 through bearings. A plurality of tip cones I8 are rotatably connected to a piston rod of a telescopic power cylinder 9 to form a follow-up tip cone; respectively fixedly connecting a plurality of tip cones 10 to a plurality of rotary power heads 11 to form a driving tip cone; the rotary power head 11 is controlled to rotate, the driving tip cone is utilized to drive the polymer pipes 3 and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, and therefore the polymer pipes 3 can rotate on the working platform 7. When needs are at the different generating line position surface drilling of polymer tubular product, need rotate polymer tubular product, this embodiment is mutually supported through setting up initiative addendum cone and follow-up addendum cone, has realized the automatic rotation of polymer tubular product, has further improved production efficiency.
As shown in fig. 6 and 7, each rotary power head 11 includes a rotary disc 12 rotatably connected to the working platform and a worm gear mechanism 13 connected to the rotary disc 12, the worm gear mechanisms 13 are connected together through a coupling 14, one worm gear mechanism 13 is further in transmission connection with a servo motor 15, and each tip cone two 10 is connected to one rotary disc 12. Through the design, one servo motor can drive a plurality of rotating power heads to rotate synchronously. In addition, in this embodiment, the carousel adopts the chuck, adopts chuck and the structure that the tip cone is two cooperations, the change of the tip cone two of being convenient for.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the polymer tube clamping device further includes a transverse supporting beam 16, a guide post 17 is disposed on the working platform 7, a supporting slider 18 capable of moving back and forth or being fixed along the guide post 17 is disposed on the guide post 17, the supporting slider 18 is fixedly connected to the transverse supporting beam 16, and the plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 are disposed on the transverse supporting beam 16. Through the arrangement, the positions of the telescopic power cylinders can be flexibly adjusted according to actual working conditions, so that the distance between the tip cone I and the tip cone II can be flexibly adjusted, and the telescopic power cylinders are suitable for processing polymer pipes with different lengths. In this embodiment, there are two guide pillars 17, which are all disposed along the axial length direction of the polymer pipe, there are two support sliders 18, the two support sliders 18 are respectively matched and slidably connected to the two guide pillars 17, one transverse support beam 16 is disposed, and the two support sliders 18 support the same transverse support beam 16 together. The fixing of the transverse supporting beam 16 on the guide post 17 can be realized by arranging a detachable limiting component on the guide post 17 at the two side positions of each supporting slide block 18, for example, two clamps are respectively clamped on the guide posts 17 at the two side positions of the supporting slide block 18, and one supporting slide block 18 is axially limited by the two clamps, so that the transverse supporting beam 16 is fixed on the guide post 17 after the transverse supporting beam 16 is moved and adjusted in place.
As shown in fig. 4, 5, 8 and 9, a plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 are further arranged on the working platform 7 between the first tip cone 8 and the second tip cone 10; the middle parts of the polymer pipes 3 are clamped by a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 19 along the radial direction of the polymer pipes. Through addding the horizontal fixture of polymer tubular product, the steadiness of polymer tubular product when can further guaranteeing to drill improves processingquality.
A sliding block 20 is further connected to the guide post 17 between the first tip cone 8 and the second tip cone 10 in a sliding manner, a transverse guide rail 21 is fixedly connected to the sliding block 20, and a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 19 are connected to the transverse guide rail 21. Here, the number and the position of the transverse guide rails 21 can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, different parts of the polymer pipe are clamped, and therefore the utility model has higher practicability. In the present embodiment, three transverse rails 21 are provided, the longitudinal direction of the transverse rails 21 is perpendicular to the axial direction of the polymer tube, and a plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 are sequentially provided on the transverse rails 21 along the longitudinal direction of the transverse rails 21. Two sliding blocks 20 are correspondingly arranged on each transverse guide rail 21, and the two sliding blocks 20 are respectively matched with the two guide columns 17 and are in sliding connection to jointly support one transverse guide rail 21. The fixing of the transverse guide rails 21 on the guide posts 17 and the fixing of the transverse support beams 16 on the guide posts 17 can be realized in the same way, namely by means of stop parts 22 arranged on both sides of each slide 20.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 4, fig. 5, fig. 8 and fig. 9, the specific drilling steps of this embodiment are as follows:
when the whole drilling process does not need to rotate the high polymer pipe, the concrete steps are as follows:
a. placing a plurality of polymer pipes 3 on a working platform 7, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 to act simultaneously, driving a tip cone I8 to move by using the telescopic power cylinders 9, and clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 3 along the axial direction of the polymer pipes through the plurality of tip cones I8 and a plurality of tip cones II 10;
b. controlling the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 to act simultaneously, and clamping the plurality of polymer tubes 3 by the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 along the radial direction of the polymer tubes;
c. the control frame main body 1, the polymer pipe clamping device and the lifting beam 5 are matched to drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 to sequentially drill holes on the polymer pipe 3 along the axial direction of the polymer pipe 3;
d. after drilling, controlling the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 to act simultaneously again, so that the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 sends out transverse clamping on the polymer tube 3;
e. and controlling the plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 to act simultaneously again, and driving the tip cone I8 to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders 9 to axially clamp the plurality of polymer pipes 3 to take out the plurality of polymer pipes 3.
When the polymer pipe needs to be rotated in the whole drilling process, the method comprises the following specific steps:
1) placing a plurality of polymer pipes 3 on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 to act simultaneously, driving a tip cone I8 to move by using the telescopic power cylinders 9, and clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 3 along the axial direction of the polymer pipes through the plurality of tip cones I8 and a plurality of tip cones II 10;
2) controlling the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 to act simultaneously, and clamping the plurality of polymer tubes 3 by the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 along the radial direction of the polymer tubes;
3) the control frame main body 1, the polymer pipe clamping device and the lifting beam 5 are matched to drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 to sequentially drill holes on the polymer pipe 3 along the axial direction of the polymer pipe 3;
4) when the polymer tube 3 needs to be rotated, the plurality of spindle power drill bits 4 are controlled to stop drilling, and the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 is controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 sends out transverse clamping on the polymer tube 3;
5) the plurality of rotary power heads 11 are controlled to rotate, the driving tip cone is utilized to drive the polymer pipes and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that the plurality of polymer pipes 3 rotate on the working platform 7 for a certain angle, and when the polymer pipes rotate in place, the plurality of rotary power heads 11 are controlled to stop rotating;
6) controlling the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 to act simultaneously, transversely clamping the plurality of polymer tubes 3 again by using the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19, and then controlling the plurality of main shaft power drill bits 4 to continue drilling;
7) after the whole drilling operation is finished, the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 is controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 19 is used for transversely clamping the polymer tube 3;
8) the plurality of telescopic power cylinders 9 are controlled to act simultaneously again, the telescopic power cylinders 9 are utilized to drive the tip cone I8 to move reversely, and the plurality of polymer pipes 3 are taken out from the axial clamping of the plurality of polymer pipes 3;
wherein, when the polymer pipe needs to be rotated for multiple times, the steps 4) to 6) can be repeated until the step 7) is turned after the drilling is finished.
By means of the design, the automatic control of the clamping process of the polymer pipes in the batch drilling processing is realized, and the production efficiency of the batch drilling processing is further improved.
As shown in fig. 10 to 12, the polymer tube horizontal clamping mechanism 19 includes a base block 23, a horizontal power cylinder 24 disposed on the base block 23, and a supporting block 25 disposed on one side of the base block 23, the supporting block 25 is used for supporting the polymer tube 3, a pressing block 26 is disposed on a piston rod of the horizontal power cylinder 24, the supporting block 25 and the pressing block 26 are made of polymer materials, and preferably, polymer materials with self-lubricating property, such as fluoroplastics, etc., can be used; at the time of fixing, the polymer tube 3 is pressed and fixed to the support block 25 by the pressing block 26 by the operation of the lateral power cylinder 24. In the present embodiment, the lateral power cylinder 24 may employ an air cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder. When the device works, the polymer tube 3 is placed on the supporting block 25, the transverse power cylinder 24 is controlled to act, so that the pressing block 26 is driven to move to tightly press and fix the polymer tube 3 on the supporting block 25, and after the fixing is finished, drilling is carried out. Therefore, the embodiment can ensure the stability of the polymer pipe during drilling, thereby ensuring the drilling effect. In addition, the supporting block and the pressing block for clamping and fixing the polymer pipe are both made of polymer materials, so that the surface of the polymer pipe cannot be damaged, and the processing quality of a product is improved.
The supporting block 25 is L-shaped, one side part of the pressing block 26 is arranged to be arc-shaped 261, and the curvature of the side part of the arc-shaped 261 of the pressing block 26 is matched with that of the polymer pipe 3; during fixing, the lateral power cylinder 24 is operated to make the arc 261 side of the pressing block 26 contact with one side of the outer peripheral surface of the polymer tube 3, so that the other side of the outer peripheral surface of the polymer tube 3 is pressed against the L-shaped supporting block 25. The clamping and fixing device is more suitable for clamping and fixing the polymer pipe.
An L-shaped support block 25 is attached to one side of the base block 23 by a removable structural connection such as a screw, and a hold-down block 26 is attached to the piston rod of the transverse power cylinder 24 by a removable structural connection such as a screw. When polymer pipes with different specifications need to be processed, only the corresponding L-shaped supporting block 25 and the corresponding pressing block 26 need to be replaced, so that the universality of the embodiment is improved.
Each transverse guide rail 21 is provided with a plurality of the above-mentioned polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19, and the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 19 can move back and forth or be fixed along the transverse guide rails 21. The longitudinal direction of the transverse guide rail 21 is perpendicular to the axial direction of the polymer tube. The number and the position of the polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 19 on each transverse guide rail 21 can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, and the practicability is improved. Set up the horizontal fixture 19 of a plurality of polymer tubular products, can the fixed many polymer tubular products of centre gripping simultaneously to carry out batch processing, improve machining efficiency.
Along the length direction of the transverse guide rail 21, a plurality of through holes (not shown in the figure) are arranged on the transverse guide rail 21, and the bottom of the base block of each polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism 19 is provided with a threaded hole (not shown in the figure); when the polymer tube horizontal clamping mechanism 19 moves to the right position on the horizontal guide rail 21, a plurality of connecting screws respectively pass through a plurality of through holes on the horizontal guide rail and are screwed into threaded holes (not shown in the figure) at the bottom of the base block of the polymer tube horizontal clamping mechanism, so that the polymer tube horizontal clamping mechanism 19 is fixed on the horizontal guide rail 21.
Example 2: compared with the embodiment 1, the difference is that: as shown in fig. 13, the polymer tube clamping device further includes a feeding and discharging manipulator 27 for automatically clamping the polymer tube 3 and a lever mechanism 28 disposed near the second tip cone 10, and one end of the polymer tube 3 can be pulled away from the second tip cone 10 by the lever mechanism 28.
Before drilling processing, the accessible goes up unloading manipulator 27 and places many polymer tubular product 3 on work platform 7, drilling processing finishes the back, it contracts to return when flexible power cylinder 9 drives tip cone 8 for a tip of polymer tubular product 3 separates the back with tip cone 8, the action of driving lever mechanism 28 is controlled again, utilize driving lever mechanism 28 to dial the other end of polymer tubular product 3 from tip cone two 10 and leave, make the other end of polymer tubular product 3 also separate with tip cone two 10, the rethread goes up unloading manipulator 27 and takes out polymer tubular product 3 from work platform 7. Like this, realized the process of unloading in the automation of polymer tubular product 3, further improved production efficiency. The automatic loading and unloading manipulator device can comprise an automatic inductor, a pipe type sucker and other devices.
Example 3: compared with the embodiment 1, the difference is that: the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a feeding and discharging manipulator used for automatically clamping the polymer pipe.
The fixing of the transverse guide rail on the guide post does not adopt a limiting part, but a power cylinder mechanism is arranged on the working platform, and the power cylinder mechanism can adopt an air cylinder or an oil cylinder. The power cylinder mechanism is connected with the sliding block, and the sliding block can move back and forth or be fixed along the guide post under the driving of the power cylinder mechanism.
Before drilling processing, unloading manipulator is placed many polymer tubular product on work platform in the accessible, drilling processing finishes the back, it contracts to return when flexible power cylinder drives the apical cone, make a tip and the apical cone of polymer tubular product separate the back, the power cylinder mechanism of controlling again drives sliding movement, thereby utilize the horizontal fixture of polymer tubular product to grasp polymer tubular product and remove, make the other one end of polymer tubular product also break away from with apical cone two, the horizontal fixture of the polymer tubular product of controlling again loosens the centre gripping to polymer tubular product, take out polymer tubular product from work platform through last unloading manipulator.
The arrangement is that firstly, automatic control is realized, manual sliding slide blocks are not needed, secondly, the automatic cone-removing process of the polymer pipe is realized, because before processing, the polymer pipe needs to be supported and fixed along the axial direction of the polymer pipe through two tip cones positioned at two ends of the polymer pipe, one tip cone of the two tip cones is movable (such as a first tip cone) and the other tip cone is fixed (such as a second tip cone), when the polymer pipe needs to be taken down from the tip cones after processing, the movable tip cone can move backwards to separate one end of the polymer pipe from the movable tip cone, but the fixed tip cone cannot move, so that the other end of the polymer pipe is separated from the fixed tip cone, therefore, in the embodiment, the polymer pipe is clamped by the polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism, and then the power cylinder mechanism is controlled to drive the sliding movement, therefore, the polymer pipe is clamped by the polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism to move, so that the other end of the polymer pipe is separated from the fixed tip cone, and the automatic cone-removing process of the polymer pipe is realized.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a set up many polymer tubular product clamping device and have the portable frame of multirow drill bit and cooperate, can drill processing to many polymer tubular products simultaneously, be applicable to polymer tubular product batch drilling processing, improved production efficiency, satisfied the production demand of high-speed development. The telescopic power cylinder drives the tip cones to act, and the tip cones at two ends of the polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or unclamping the polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, the plurality of top cones and the top cones are matched, so that the plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously, the drilling machine is suitable for batch drilling of the polymer pipes, the production efficiency is improved, and the production requirement of high-speed development is met. The tip cone I and the tip cone II are both made of high polymer materials, so that when the clamping is carried out, the high polymer pipe can be prevented from being deformed, the product processing quality is improved, the friction force between the tip cone and the pipe can be improved, and the synchronous rotation between the high polymer pipe and the tip cone is ensured. Through setting up initiative addendum cone and the cooperation of follow-up addendum cone each other, realized the automatic rotation of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency. Through all setting up a plurality of flexible power cylinders on the horizontal supporting beam that can remove, make the utility model discloses can adjust the position of a plurality of flexible power cylinders according to operating condition is nimble to carry out nimble adjustment to the distance between tip cone one and the tip cone two, be applicable to the polymer tubular product of processing different length. Through being provided with the horizontal fixture of a plurality of polymer tubular products, utilize the horizontal fixture of a plurality of polymer tubular products to carry out the centre gripping to the middle part of many polymer tubular products along polymer tubular product is radial, the steadiness of polymer tubular product when can further guarantee drilling improves processingquality. The quantity and the position of transverse guide can set up according to operating condition's requirement, carry out the centre gripping to the position that the polymer tubular product is different, have more the practicality like this. Through the concrete structural design to the horizontal fixture of polymer tubular product, steadiness when can guarantee the drilling of polymer tubular product to drilling effect has been guaranteed. In addition, the supporting block and the pressing block for clamping and fixing the polymer pipe are both made of polymer materials, so that the surface of the polymer pipe cannot be damaged, and the processing quality of a product is improved. Through setting up feeding mechanical arm and deflector rod mechanism and cooperating or cooperate through setting up feeding mechanical arm and power cylinder mechanism, realized the process of the automatic feeding and discharging of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency.
The term "plurality" as used in the above embodiments means a number of "two or more". The above embodiments are provided only for the purpose of illustration, not for the limitation of the present invention, and those skilled in the relevant art can make various changes or modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, so all equivalent technical solutions should also belong to the protection scope of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention should be defined by the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a polymer tubular product excircle is intelligent drilling equipment in batches which characterized in that: including frame main part and the polymer tubular product clamping device of setting in frame main part below, many polymer tubular products of polymer tubular product clamping device centre gripping fixed simultaneously are provided with a plurality of main shaft power drill bits in the frame main part, can relative movement between polymer tubular product clamping device and the frame main part to drive a plurality of main shaft power drill bits and follow polymer tubular product axial and carry out drilling processing to many polymer tubular products simultaneously.
2. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the main body of the rack is of a gantry structure, a lifting cross beam capable of moving up and down is arranged on the main body of the rack, and a plurality of main shaft power drill bits are arranged on the lifting cross beam along the length direction of the lifting cross beam; a plurality of mounting holes are formed in the lifting beam, each main shaft power drill bit is correspondingly arranged in one mounting hole, and a connecting screw is arranged on the side part of the lifting beam at each mounting hole; after the main shaft power drill bit is inserted into the mounting hole, the main shaft power drill bit is screwed into the mounting hole through the connecting screw to be tightly pressed against the inner peripheral surface of the mounting hole, and therefore the main shaft power drill is connected onto the lifting cross beam.
3. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that: the polymer pipe clamping device comprises a working platform, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with tip cones I and a plurality of tip cones II, wherein the telescopic power cylinders are arranged on one side of the working platform; when clamping, utilize flexible power cylinder to drive the apical cone and remove for a plurality of apical cones and a plurality of apical cone two insert respectively in the both ends of many polymer tubular product, thereby hold polymer tubular product along polymer tubular product axial through apical cone one and apical cone two.
4. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 3, characterized in that: the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a feeding and discharging mechanical arm and a shifting lever mechanism, wherein the feeding and discharging mechanical arm is used for automatically clamping the polymer pipe, and the shifting lever mechanism can be used for shifting the polymer pipe from the second tip cone.
5. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 3, characterized in that: the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a feeding and discharging manipulator used for automatically clamping the polymer pipe, a power cylinder mechanism is arranged on the working platform and connected with the sliding block, and the sliding block can move back and forth or be fixed along the guide pillar under the driving of the power cylinder mechanism.
6. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 3, characterized in that: a plurality of rotary power heads are arranged on the other side of the working platform, and a plurality of tip cones are fixedly connected to the rotary power heads respectively; and the plurality of tip cones are all rotatably connected to the piston rods of the plurality of telescopic power cylinders.
7. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 3, characterized in that: the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a transverse supporting beam, a guide pillar is arranged on the working platform, a supporting slide block capable of moving back and forth or being fixed along the guide pillar is arranged on the guide pillar, the supporting slide block is fixedly connected with the transverse supporting beam, and a plurality of telescopic power cylinders are arranged on the transverse supporting beam.
8. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 3, characterized in that: a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are further arranged on the working platform between the tip cone I and the tip cone II; and clamping the middle parts of the polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by utilizing a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms.
9. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 8, characterized in that: and a sliding block is further connected on the guide pillar between the tip cone I and the tip cone II in a sliding manner, a transverse guide rail is fixedly connected on the sliding block, and the plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are connected on the transverse guide rail.
10. The intelligent drilling equipment for the excircle batch of the high polymer pipe material according to claim 8, characterized in that: the polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism comprises a base block, a transverse power cylinder arranged on the base block and a supporting block arranged on one side part of the base block, wherein the supporting block is used for supporting a polymer pipe; when the fixing device is used for fixing, the transverse power cylinder acts, so that the polymer pipe is tightly pressed and fixed on the supporting block through the pressing block.
CN201920491159.6U 2019-04-12 2019-04-12 Intelligent drilling equipment for polymer pipe excircle in batches Active CN209812513U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109968450A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-07-05 株洲宏大高分子材料有限公司 A kind of intelligent drilling device of macromolecule tubing outer circle batch

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109968450A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-07-05 株洲宏大高分子材料有限公司 A kind of intelligent drilling device of macromolecule tubing outer circle batch

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