CN109910101B - Polymer pipe clamping method and clamping device - Google Patents

Polymer pipe clamping method and clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109910101B
CN109910101B CN201910292160.0A CN201910292160A CN109910101B CN 109910101 B CN109910101 B CN 109910101B CN 201910292160 A CN201910292160 A CN 201910292160A CN 109910101 B CN109910101 B CN 109910101B
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high polymer
pipes
clamping
pipe
transverse
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CN109910101A (en
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曾维楚
邓平
刘广
张立群
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Zhuzhou Hongda Polymer Materials Co ltd
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Zhuzhou Hongda Polymer Materials Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a high polymer pipe clamping method and a clamping device, wherein the high polymer pipe clamping method is characterized in that a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with first top cones are arranged on one side of a working platform, corresponding to each first top cone, a plurality of second top cones are correspondingly arranged on the other side of the working platform; when in clamping, the first top cone is driven to move by the telescopic power cylinder, so that the first top cones and the second top cones are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes, and the high polymer pipes are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes through the first top cones and the second top cones. The utility model is suitable for the batch drilling processing of the high molecular pipes, improves the production efficiency and meets the production requirement of high-speed development.

Description

Polymer pipe clamping method and clamping device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a working method and a working part for drilling a high polymer pipe, in particular to a high polymer pipe clamping method and a clamping device, and belongs to the technical field of high polymer pipe drilling processing.
Background
The high polymer materials are classified into natural high polymer materials and synthetic high polymer materials according to sources. The natural polymer is a polymer substance existing in animals, plants and living bodies, and can be classified into natural fibers, natural resins, natural rubber, animal glue, and the like. The synthetic polymer material mainly refers to three synthetic materials of plastics, synthetic rubber and synthetic fibers, and further comprises an adhesive, a coating and various functional polymer materials. The high molecular pipe made of high molecular material has many kinds, for example, the high molecular polyethylene pipe is a novel plastic pipe with wear resistance, impact resistance, corrosion resistance, impact energy absorption, no scaling, no water absorption and extremely low self-lubricating friction coefficient.
Along with the improvement of corresponding demands of pipe product drilling and the demands of cost control, the traditional drilling device has low productivity due to the small number of disposable drilling holes, and can not meet the production demands of high-speed development, and the mass production is the key of improving the productivity and meeting the production demands of enterprises.
Therefore, the high-molecular pipe clamping method and the clamping device are designed, so that the high-molecular pipe clamping method and the clamping device can be suitable for high-molecular pipe batch drilling processing, the production efficiency is improved, and the technical problem which needs to be solved urgently is met to meet the production requirement of high-speed development.
At present, related patents of related polymer pipe drilling technologies are not searched, but related patent documents of part of non-polymer pipe drilling technologies are as follows:
1. the utility model discloses a combined drilling device for processing a blowing pipe of a bag type dust collector, which comprises a rotating shaft, wherein one end of the rotating shaft is connected with an output shaft of a motor through a transmission chain, a plurality of vertical transmission bevel gears are arranged on the shaft, each vertical transmission bevel gear is correspondingly meshed with a plurality of transverse bevel gears, each transverse bevel gear is correspondingly connected with a respective drill bit, and the blowing pipe is arranged below each drill bit.
2. The application publication number is CN 105728779A, and the application publication date is synchronous drilling device of steel pipe multi-actuator is disclosed in chinese utility model patent of 2016, 7 month and 6 days, and it includes base, first work frame, second work frame, first actuating mechanism, drilling mechanism and supporting mechanism, wherein: the base is horizontally arranged, and the two ends of the base are vertically provided with a first side frame and a second side frame which are oppositely arranged; the first working frame is positioned above the base and parallel to the base, two ends of the first working frame are respectively arranged on the first side frame and the second side frame, and a plurality of guide holes penetrating through the upper surface and the lower surface of the first working frame are arranged on the first working frame in parallel along the horizontal direction; the second working frame is positioned on the first working frame and parallel to the first working frame, and two ends of the second working frame are respectively movably arranged on the first side frame and the second side frame; the first driving mechanism is connected with the second working frame and drives the second working frame to move up and down in the vertical direction; the drilling mechanism comprises a plurality of vertically arranged drilling rods and a plurality of drilling components, the number of the drilling rods is consistent with that of the guide holes, the top ends of the drilling rods are connected with the first working frame, and the bottom ends of the drilling rods respectively penetrate through the guide holes to be connected with the drilling components; the supporting mechanism comprises a second driving mechanism, a first upright and a second upright which are oppositely arranged, wherein the first upright and the second upright are vertically arranged, the first upright and the second upright are respectively arranged on the base, a first supporting component and a second supporting component which are used for clamping the steel pipe are respectively arranged on the opposite surfaces of the first upright and the second upright, and the second driving mechanism is connected with the first supporting component and the second supporting component and drives the first supporting component and the second supporting component to rotate.
3. The utility model patent in China with the application publication number of CN 106881472A and the application publication date of 2017, 6 and 23 discloses an automatic drilling device for pipes with multiple specifications, which comprises a base, wherein an output shaft of a longitudinal servo motor is connected with a ball screw, and the ball screw is supported by a bearing and assembled on the base; a workbench is arranged above the base, a rolling guide rail is arranged between the workbench and the base, a conical fixture driving rotating mechanism is arranged on the workbench, and the mechanism comprises a supporting frame, a rotating servo motor, a speed reducer and a center height adjusting device; the lower part of the center height adjusting device is connected with a speed reducer, the center height adjusting device is provided with a positioning ring and a deflector rod, the positioning ring and the deflector rod are connected with a conical clamp, the conical clamp is composed of two cones, a tensioning screw rod and a nut at the right end of the tensioning screw rod, a supporting frame is arranged below the conical clamp, and a rotor is arranged on the supporting frame.
4. The utility model patent in China with the application publication number of CN 107214361A and the application publication date of 2017, 9 and 29 discloses a metal pipe drilling device for producing aerated blocks, which comprises a bottom plate, wherein a first cylinder and a base are respectively arranged on the left side of the bottom plate in a fixed mounting mode and a horizontal sliding mode, and the first cylinder is connected with the base; the rotary shafts rotatably mounted on the base are arranged on the base along the front-rear direction, the right end of each rotary shaft is connected with a drill bit, and the left end of any one rotary shaft of all rotary shafts is connected with a motor fixedly mounted on the base; each rotating shaft is provided with a belt wheel; a transmission belt for connecting the belt wheels in a transmission way is arranged between all the belt wheels; the right side installs fixing base, the seat that slides in mode, horizontal slip mode respectively on the bottom plate, the seat right-hand member that slides intercepts and has No. two cylinders, fixing base, the seat upper end that slides are the cambered surface that 90 degrees central angles correspond.
5. The Chinese patent with the authority notice number of CN 205310415U and the authority notice date of 2016 of 6 month 15 discloses a device for simultaneously drilling a plurality of pipe clamps, which comprises a frame, a lifting table, a workbench, a work piece fixing structure, a multi-shaft drilling structure, a lifting cylinder and a positioning fixed length pushing structure, wherein the lifting table is arranged on the front side of the frame in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, the work table is arranged on the lifting table in a sliding manner along the front-back direction, the work piece fixing structure is arranged on the left-right direction, the multi-shaft drilling structure is arranged on the frame and used for driving the lifting table to slide up and down, the positioning fixed length pushing structure is arranged on one side of the frame in a rotating manner and is matched with the lifting table, a plurality of drill bits are arranged side by side along the left-right direction and are positioned right above the work piece fixing structure, one end of the work piece is propped against the upper part of the positioning fixed length pushing structure when being fixed on the work piece fixing structure, the lower part of the positioning fixed length pushing structure is propped against the lifting table, and the positioning fixed length pushing structure can push the work piece to a preset length when the lifting table is lowered to a preset position.
The clamping method for pipe fitting during drilling in the above patent document is not suitable for batch drilling processing.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the utility model provides a high polymer pipe clamping method and a high polymer pipe clamping device, which are applicable to high polymer pipe batch drilling processing, improve the production efficiency and meet the production requirement of high-speed development.
In order to solve the technical problems, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: a high molecular tube clamping method, it sets up a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with first end cone on one side of the working platform, correspond to each first end cone, there are a plurality of second end cones correspondingly on another side of the working platform; when in clamping, the first top cone is driven to move by the telescopic power cylinder, so that the first top cones and the second top cones are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes, and the high polymer pipes are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes through the first top cones and the second top cones.
Preferably, a plurality of first tip cones are rotationally connected to a piston rod of a telescopic power cylinder to form a follow-up tip cone; fixedly connecting a plurality of second tip cones on a plurality of rotary power heads respectively to form an active tip cone; the rotation of the rotary power head is controlled, and the active tip cone is utilized to drive the high polymer pipe and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that a plurality of high polymer pipes can rotate on the working platform.
Preferably, a plurality of transverse clamping mechanisms for the high polymer pipes are further arranged on the working platform between the first tip cone and the second tip cone; and clamping the plurality of polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms.
Preferably, when the whole drilling process does not need to rotate the polymer pipe, the polymer pipe clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
a. placing a plurality of high polymer pipes on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously, driving a first tip cone to move by using the telescopic power cylinders, and clamping the plurality of high polymer pipes along the axial direction of the high polymer pipes through the first tip cones and the second tip cones;
b. the transverse clamping mechanisms of the polymer pipes are controlled to act simultaneously, and the transverse clamping mechanisms of the polymer pipes are utilized to feed the polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes
Clamping and then drilling;
c. after drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipes are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipes send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipes;
d. and controlling the telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously again, driving the tip cone to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders, and taking out the plurality of polymer pipes from the axial clamping of the plurality of polymer pipes.
Preferably, when the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated in the whole drilling process, the clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
1) Placing a plurality of high polymer pipes on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously, driving a first tip cone to move by using the telescopic power cylinders, and clamping the plurality of high polymer pipes along the axial direction of the high polymer pipes through the first tip cones and the second tip cones;
2) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling;
3) When the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated, the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe;
4) The plurality of rotary power heads are controlled to rotate, the active tip cone is utilized to drive the high polymer pipe and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that the plurality of high polymer pipes rotate on the working platform, and the plurality of rotary power heads are controlled to stop rotating after rotating in place;
5) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, transversely clamping the plurality of polymer pipes again by using the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling again;
6) After drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipe are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipe send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe;
7) Controlling the telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously again, driving the tip cone to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes in the axial direction, and taking out the plurality of polymer pipes;
when the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated for a plurality of times, the steps 3) to 5) can be repeated until the drilling is finished, and the process goes to the step 6).
The utility model also discloses a high polymer pipe clamping device, which comprises a working platform, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with first tip cones and second tip cones, wherein the telescopic power cylinders are arranged on one side of the working platform; when in clamping, the first top cone is driven to move by the telescopic power cylinder, so that the first top cones and the second top cones are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes, and the high polymer pipes are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes through the first top cones and the second top cones.
Preferably, a plurality of rotary power heads are arranged on the other side of the working platform, and a plurality of tip cones are respectively fixedly connected to the plurality of rotary power heads; the first tip cones are rotatably connected to piston rods of the telescopic power cylinders.
Preferably, the high polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a transverse supporting beam, a guide pillar is arranged on the working platform, a supporting sliding block capable of moving or fixing along the guide pillar back and forth is arranged on the guide pillar, the supporting sliding block is fixedly connected with the transverse supporting beam, and a plurality of telescopic power cylinders are arranged on the transverse supporting beam.
Preferably, the polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms, a sliding block is further connected to the guide post located between the first tip cone and the second tip cone in a sliding mode, a transverse guide rail is fixedly connected to the sliding block, and the plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are connected to the transverse guide rail.
Preferably, the transverse clamping mechanism for the high polymer pipe comprises a base block, a transverse power cylinder arranged on the base block and a supporting block arranged on one side part of the base block, wherein the supporting block is used for supporting the high polymer pipe, a pressing block is arranged on a piston rod of the transverse power cylinder, and the supporting block and the pressing block are both made of high polymer materials; during fixing, the transverse power cylinder is utilized to act, so that the high polymer pipe is pressed and fixed on the supporting block through the pressing block.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: according to the utility model, the telescopic power cylinder drives the top cone to act, and the top cones positioned at the two ends of the high polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or unclamping the high polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, a plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously by utilizing the matching of the first tip cones and the second tip cones, and the high-speed drilling machine is suitable for the batch drilling processing of the polymer pipes, improves the production efficiency and meets the production requirement of high-speed development. According to the characteristics of the high polymer pipe, the first top cone and the second top cone are made of high polymer materials, so that the high polymer pipe can be prevented from deforming during clamping, the processing quality of products can be improved, the friction force between the top cones and the pipe can be improved, and synchronous rotation between the high polymer pipe and the top cones is ensured. Through setting up initiative tip cone and follow-up tip cone mutually supporting, realized the automation rotation of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency. By additionally arranging the transverse clamping mechanism of the high polymer pipe, the stability of the high polymer pipe during drilling can be further ensured, and the processing quality is improved. Through the specific step design of the high polymer pipe clamping method, the automatic control of the high polymer pipe clamping process in the batch drilling processing is realized, and the production efficiency of the batch drilling processing is further improved. The utility model can flexibly adjust the positions of a plurality of telescopic power cylinders according to the actual working conditions, thereby flexibly adjusting the distance between the first tip cone and the second tip cone, and being suitable for processing high polymer pipes with different lengths. The number and the positions of the transverse guide rails can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, and different positions of the high polymer pipe are clamped, so that the high polymer pipe clamping device has higher practicability. The transverse clamping mechanism for the high-molecular pipe can ensure the stability of the high-molecular pipe during drilling, thereby ensuring the drilling effect. In addition, the supporting blocks and the pressing blocks for clamping and fixing the high-molecular pipe are made of high-molecular materials, so that the surface of the high-molecular pipe is not damaged, and the processing quality of the product is improved. Through the briquetting of design L type supporting shoe and arc lateral part, can be fit for the centre gripping of polymer tubular product fixed more. The supporting blocks and the pressing blocks are connected by adopting a detachable structure, so that when the high polymer pipes with different specifications are required to be processed, the supporting blocks and the pressing blocks can be replaced, and the universality of the utility model is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a clamping device according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of a clamping device according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a partial perspective view of the cross rail of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a partial perspective view of the plurality of cross rails of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a partial perspective view of the transverse clamping mechanism of the polymeric tubing of FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a transverse clamping mechanism for a polymer pipe in an embodiment of the utility model when clamping is not performed;
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a transverse clamping mechanism for a polymer pipe in an embodiment of the utility model;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a partial top view of two tip cones according to an embodiment of the present utility model;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a rotor and a tip cone in the embodiment of the present utility model;
in the figure: 1. the hydraulic system comprises a working platform, a first tip cone, a telescopic power cylinder, a second tip cone, a high polymer pipe, a rotary power head, a high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism, a transverse supporting beam, a guide pillar, a supporting slider, a sliding block, a transverse guide rail, a limiting component, a base block, a transverse power cylinder, a supporting block, a pressing block, a arc-shaped component, a rotary disk, a turbine worm mechanism, a coupling and a servo motor.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the utility model is further elaborated below with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Examples: as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, a method for clamping a polymer pipe is that a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3 with first top cones 2 are arranged on one side of a working platform 1, and a plurality of second top cones 4 are correspondingly arranged on the other side of the working platform 1 corresponding to each first top cone 2; during clamping, the first telescopic power cylinder 3 is utilized to drive the first top cone 2 to move, so that the first top cones 2 and the second top cones 4 are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes 5, and the high polymer pipes 5 are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes 5 through the first top cone 2 and the second top cones 4. According to the embodiment, the telescopic power cylinder drives the top cone to act, and the top cones positioned at the two ends of the high polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or loosening and clamping the high polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, a plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously by utilizing the matching of the first tip cones and the second tip cones, and the high-speed drilling machine is suitable for the batch drilling processing of the polymer pipes, improves the production efficiency and meets the production requirement of high-speed development.
Because this embodiment is in order to centre gripping polymer tubular product, and polymer material has self characteristics, therefore, tip cone one 2 and tip cone two 4 all adopt polymer material to make, like this when centre gripping, can prevent polymer tubular product deformation, improve product processingquality and can improve the frictional force between tip cone and the tubular product, guarantee synchronous rotation between polymer tubular product and the tip cone. Here, in order to further improve the friction between the tip cone and the pipe, a grain may be further added to the outer surface of the tip cone. The telescopic power cylinder 3 can adopt a hydraulic cylinder or a pneumatic cylinder, so that the actual clamping force can be adjusted by adjusting the oil pressure or the air pressure according to the actual clamping force, and a pressure alarm device is further arranged on an oil way or an air way of the hydraulic cylinder or the pneumatic cylinder, and sends out an alarm signal when the pressure does not reach or exceeds a set range.
A plurality of first tip cones 2 are rotatably connected to a piston rod of a telescopic power cylinder 3 through bearings to form follow-up tip cones; fixedly connecting a plurality of second tip cones 4 on a plurality of rotary power heads 6 respectively to form active tip cones; the rotation of the rotation power head 6 is controlled, and the active tip cone is utilized to drive the high polymer pipe 5 to rotate together with the follow-up tip cone, so that a plurality of high polymer pipes 5 can rotate on the working platform 1. When drilling holes on the surfaces of different bus positions of the high polymer pipe, the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated, and the automatic rotation of the high polymer pipe is realized by arranging the active tip cone and the follow-up tip cone to be matched with each other, so that the production efficiency is further improved.
A plurality of transverse clamping mechanisms 7 for the high polymer pipes are arranged on the working platform 1 between the first tip cone 2 and the second tip cone 4; and the middle parts of the plurality of polymer pipes 5 are clamped along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by utilizing a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7. By additionally arranging the transverse clamping mechanism of the high polymer pipe, the stability of the high polymer pipe during drilling can be further ensured, and the processing quality is improved.
When the whole drilling process does not need to rotate the high polymer pipe, the high polymer pipe clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
a. a plurality of polymer pipes 5 are placed on a working platform 1, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3 are controlled to act simultaneously, the telescopic power cylinders 3 are utilized to drive a first tip cone 2 to move, and the plurality of polymer pipes 5 are clamped along the axial direction of the polymer pipes through the plurality of first tip cones 2 and a plurality of second tip cones 4;
b. controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 5 along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling;
c. after drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the high polymer pipes are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the high polymer pipes send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipes 5;
d. and controlling the telescopic power cylinders 3 to act simultaneously again, driving the tip cone one 2 to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders 3, and taking out the plurality of polymer pipes 5 from the axial clamping of the plurality of polymer pipes 5.
When the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated in the whole drilling process, the clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
1) Placing a plurality of polymer pipes 5 on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3 to act simultaneously, driving a first tip cone 2 to move by using the telescopic power cylinders 3, and clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 5 along the axial direction of the polymer pipes through the plurality of first tip cones 2 and a plurality of second tip cones 4;
2) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 5 along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling;
3) When the high polymer pipe 5 is required to be rotated, the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7 are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7 send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe 5;
4) The plurality of rotary power heads 6 are controlled to rotate, the active tip cone is utilized to drive the polymer pipe and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that the plurality of polymer pipes 5 rotate on the working platform 1 by a certain angle, and the plurality of rotary power heads 6 are controlled to stop rotating after rotating in place;
5) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, transversely clamping the plurality of polymer pipes 5 again by using the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling again;
6) After drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the high polymer pipe are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the high polymer pipe send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe 5;
7) The telescopic power cylinders 3 are controlled to act simultaneously again, the telescopic power cylinders 3 drive the tip cone I2 to move reversely, the axial clamping of the plurality of polymer pipes 5 is carried out, and the plurality of polymer pipes 5 are taken out;
when the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated for a plurality of times, the steps 3) to 5) can be repeated until the drilling is finished, and the process goes to the step 6).
According to the embodiment, through the design, the automatic control of the clamping process of the high polymer pipe in the batch drilling processing is realized, and the production efficiency of the batch drilling processing is further improved.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the embodiment also discloses a polymer pipe clamping device, which comprises a working platform 1, a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3 with first tip cones 2 arranged on one side of the working platform 1, and a plurality of second tip cones 4 arranged on the other side of the working platform 1; during clamping, the first telescopic power cylinder 3 is utilized to drive the first top cone 2 to move, so that the first top cones 2 and the second top cones 4 are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes 5, and the high polymer pipes 5 are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes through the first top cone 2 and the second top cones 4.
The other side of the working platform 1 is provided with a plurality of rotary power heads 6, and a plurality of second tip cones 4 are respectively fixedly connected to the rotary power heads 6; the plurality of tip cones 2 are all rotatably connected to piston rods of the plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3.
The high polymer pipe clamping device further comprises a transverse supporting beam 8, a guide pillar 9 is arranged on the working platform 1, a supporting sliding block 10 capable of moving or fixing along the guide pillar 9 back and forth is arranged on the guide pillar 9, the supporting sliding block 10 is fixedly connected with the transverse supporting beam 8, and a plurality of telescopic power cylinders 3 are all arranged on the transverse supporting beam 8. Through the arrangement, the positions of the telescopic power cylinders can be flexibly adjusted according to actual working conditions, so that the distance between the first tip cone and the second tip cone is flexibly adjusted, and the telescopic power cylinder is suitable for processing high polymer pipes with different lengths. In this embodiment, two guide posts 9 are provided, which are all disposed along the axial length direction of the polymer pipe, two support sliders 10 are also provided, the two support sliders 10 are respectively connected to the two guide posts 9 in a sliding manner, one transverse support beam 8 is provided, and the two support sliders 10 support the same transverse support beam 8 together. The fixing of the transverse supporting beam 8 on the guide posts 9 can be achieved by arranging detachable limiting components on the guide posts 9 located at two sides of each supporting slider 10, for example, two clamping rings are respectively clamped on the guide posts 9 located at two sides of the supporting slider 10, and one supporting slider 10 is axially limited by the two clamping rings, so that the transverse supporting beam 8 is fixed on the guide posts 9 after the transverse supporting beam 8 moves and is adjusted in place.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the polymer pipe clamping device further includes a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7, a sliding block 11 is further slidably connected to the guide post 9 located between the first end cone 2 and the second end cone 4, a transverse guide rail 12 is fixedly connected to the sliding block 11, and the plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7 are connected to the transverse guide rail 12. The middle part of the high polymer pipe is clamped through the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism 7, so that the stability of the high polymer pipe during drilling can be further ensured. Here, the number and the positions of the transverse guide rails 12 can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, and different positions of the polymer pipe are clamped, so that the device has higher practicability. In this embodiment, three transverse guide rails 12 are provided, the length direction of the transverse guide rails 12 is perpendicular to the axial direction of the polymer pipe, and a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms 7 are sequentially provided on the transverse guide rails 12 along the length direction of the transverse guide rails 12. Each transverse guide rail 12 is correspondingly provided with two sliding blocks 11, and the two sliding blocks 11 are respectively matched and slidingly connected with the two guide posts 9 to jointly support one transverse guide rail 12. The fixing of the transverse rail 12 to the guide post 9 and the fixing of the transverse support beam 8 to the guide post 9 can be achieved in the same way, i.e. by means of limiting members 13 arranged on both sides of each slide 11.
Here, the fixing of the transverse rail 12 to the guide post 9 may be performed not by a limiting member, but by providing a power cylinder mechanism (not shown) on the working platform, which may be an air cylinder or an oil cylinder. The power cylinder mechanism is connected with the sliding block 11, and the sliding block 11 can move back and forth or be fixed along the guide post 9 under the driving of the power cylinder mechanism. The automatic control is realized firstly, the manual sliding block 11 is not needed, the automatic cone removing process of the high polymer pipe is realized secondly, before machining, the high polymer pipe is required to be supported and fixed along the axial direction by the two top cones positioned at the two ends of the high polymer pipe, one of the two top cones is movable (like the first top cone), the other one is fixed (like the second top cone), when the high polymer pipe is required to be removed from the top cone after machining is finished, the movable top cone can move backwards, one end of the high polymer pipe is separated from the movable top cone, but the fixed top cone cannot move, so that the other end of the high polymer pipe is separated from the fixed top cone, and the other end of the high polymer pipe is clamped by the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism and is controlled to slide and move by the power cylinder mechanism.
As shown in fig. 5 to 7, the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 7 includes a base block 14, a transverse power cylinder 15 disposed on the base block 14, and a support block 16 disposed on a side portion of the base block 14, the support block 16 is used for supporting the polymer tube 5, a pressing block 17 is disposed on a piston rod of the transverse power cylinder 15, the support block 16 and the pressing block 17 are made of polymer materials, preferably polymer materials with self-lubricating performance, such as fluoroplastic, etc.; during fixing, the transverse power cylinder 15 is utilized to act, so that the high polymer pipe 5 is pressed and fixed on the supporting block 16 through the pressing block 17. In the present embodiment, the lateral power cylinder 15 may be a cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder. When the drilling machine works, the high polymer pipe 5 is placed on the supporting block 16, the transverse power cylinder 15 is controlled to act, the pressing block 17 is driven to move to press and fix the high polymer pipe 5 on the supporting block 16, and drilling is carried out after fixing is completed. Therefore, the stability of the high polymer pipe in drilling can be guaranteed, and the drilling effect is guaranteed. In addition, the supporting blocks and the pressing blocks for clamping and fixing the high-molecular pipe are made of high-molecular materials, so that the surface of the high-molecular pipe is not damaged, and the processing quality of the product is improved.
The supporting block 16 is L-shaped, one side part of the pressing block 17 is provided with an arc 171, and the curvature of the side part of the arc 171 of the pressing block 17 is matched with the curvature of the high polymer pipe 5; during fixing, the lateral power cylinder 15 is used for acting, so that the arc 171 side part of the pressing block 17 is contacted with one side outer peripheral surface of the polymer tube 5, and the other side outer peripheral surface of the polymer tube 5 is pressed and contacted with the L-shaped supporting block 16. The clamping and fixing device is more suitable for clamping and fixing the high polymer pipe.
The L-shaped support block 16 is detachably connected to a side portion of the base block 14, such as by a screw, and the pressing block 17 is detachably connected to a piston rod of the lateral power cylinder 15, such as by a screw. When the polymer pipes with different specifications are required to be processed, the corresponding L-shaped supporting blocks 16 and pressing blocks 17 are replaced, so that the universality of the embodiment is improved.
A plurality of the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 for the polymer pipe are arranged on each transverse guide rail 12, and the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 for the polymer pipe can move back and forth or be fixed along the transverse guide rails 12. The length direction of the transverse guide rail 12 is mutually perpendicular to the axial direction of the high polymer pipe. The number and the positions of the transverse clamping mechanisms 7 of the high polymer pipe on each transverse guide rail 12 can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, and the practicability is improved. The transverse clamping mechanisms 7 for the plurality of high polymer pipes are arranged, so that the plurality of high polymer pipes can be clamped and fixed simultaneously, batch processing can be conveniently carried out, and the processing efficiency is improved.
Along the length direction of the transverse guide rail 12, a plurality of through holes (not shown in the figure) are arranged on the transverse guide rail 12, and threaded holes (not shown in the figure) are arranged at the bottom of the base block of each high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism 7; when the polymer tube transverse clamping mechanism 7 moves in place on the transverse guide rail 12, the plurality of connecting screws respectively penetrate through a plurality of through holes in the transverse guide rail and are screwed into threaded holes (not shown in the figure) at the bottoms of the base blocks of the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms, so that the plurality of polymer tube transverse clamping mechanisms 7 are fixed on the transverse guide rail 12.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, each rotary power head 6 comprises a turntable 18 rotatably connected to the working platform and a worm gear mechanism 19 connected with the turntable 18, wherein a plurality of worm gear mechanisms 19 are connected together through a coupling 20, one worm gear mechanism 19 is also in transmission connection with a servo motor 21, and each second tip cone is connected with one turntable 18. Through the design, one servo motor can drive a plurality of rotary power heads to synchronously rotate. In addition, in the embodiment, the turntable adopts a chuck, and adopts a structure of matching the chuck with the tip cone, so that the second tip cone is convenient to replace.
In conclusion, the telescopic power cylinder drives the top cone to act, and the top cones positioned at the two ends of the high polymer pipe are used for axially clamping or unclamping the high polymer pipe, so that automatic clamping is realized; in addition, a plurality of polymer pipes can be clamped simultaneously by utilizing the matching of the first tip cones and the second tip cones, and the high-speed drilling machine is suitable for the batch drilling processing of the polymer pipes, improves the production efficiency and meets the production requirement of high-speed development. According to the characteristics of the high polymer pipe, the first top cone and the second top cone are made of high polymer materials, so that the high polymer pipe can be prevented from deforming during clamping, the processing quality of products can be improved, the friction force between the top cones and the pipe can be improved, and synchronous rotation between the high polymer pipe and the top cones is ensured. Through setting up initiative tip cone and follow-up tip cone mutually supporting, realized the automation rotation of polymer tubular product, further improved production efficiency. By additionally arranging the transverse clamping mechanism of the high polymer pipe, the stability of the high polymer pipe during drilling can be further ensured, and the processing quality is improved. Through the specific step design of the high polymer pipe clamping method, the automatic control of the high polymer pipe clamping process in the batch drilling processing is realized, and the production efficiency of the batch drilling processing is further improved. The utility model can flexibly adjust the positions of a plurality of telescopic power cylinders according to the actual working conditions, thereby flexibly adjusting the distance between the first tip cone and the second tip cone, and being suitable for processing high polymer pipes with different lengths. The number and the positions of the transverse guide rails can be set according to the requirements of actual working conditions, and different positions of the high polymer pipe are clamped, so that the high polymer pipe clamping device has higher practicability. The transverse clamping mechanism for the high-molecular pipe can ensure the stability of the high-molecular pipe during drilling, thereby ensuring the drilling effect. In addition, the supporting blocks and the pressing blocks for clamping and fixing the high-molecular pipe are made of high-molecular materials, so that the surface of the high-molecular pipe is not damaged, and the processing quality of the product is improved. Through the briquetting of design L type supporting shoe and arc lateral part, can be fit for the centre gripping of polymer tubular product fixed more. The supporting blocks and the pressing blocks are connected by adopting a detachable structure, so that when the high polymer pipes with different specifications are required to be processed, the supporting blocks and the pressing blocks can be replaced, and the universality of the utility model is improved.
The "plurality" described in the above embodiments means the number of "two or more". The above embodiments are only for illustrating the present utility model, not for limiting the present utility model, and various changes and modifications may be made by one skilled in the relevant art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present utility model, so that all equivalent technical solutions shall fall within the scope of the present utility model, which is defined by the claims.

Claims (3)

1. A high molecular pipe clamping method is characterized in that: a plurality of telescopic power cylinders with first tip cones are arranged on one side of a working platform, and a plurality of second tip cones are correspondingly arranged on the other side of the working platform corresponding to each first tip cone; when in clamping, the first top cones are driven by the telescopic power cylinder to move, so that the first top cones and the second top cones are respectively inserted into two ends of the plurality of high polymer pipes, and the high polymer pipes are axially clamped along the high polymer pipes through the first top cones and the second top cones;
a plurality of first tip cones are rotationally connected to a piston rod of a telescopic power cylinder to form a follow-up tip cone; fixedly connecting a plurality of second tip cones on a plurality of rotary power heads respectively to form an active tip cone; the rotation of the rotary power head is controlled, and the active tip cone is utilized to drive the high polymer pipe and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that a plurality of high polymer pipes can rotate on the working platform;
a plurality of transverse clamping mechanisms for the high polymer pipes are also arranged on the working platform between the first tip cone and the second tip cone; clamping the plurality of polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using a plurality of polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms; the transverse clamping mechanism for the high polymer pipe comprises a base block, a transverse power cylinder arranged on the base block and a supporting block arranged on one side part of the base block, wherein the supporting block is used for supporting the high polymer pipe, a pressing block is arranged on a piston rod of the transverse power cylinder, the supporting block and the pressing block are made of high polymer materials, the supporting block is L-shaped, the high polymer pipe is placed on the L-shaped supporting block, and the supporting block and the pressing block are distributed on two sides of the high polymer pipe in a non-dislocation mode relative to the high polymer pipe; during fixing, the transverse power cylinder is utilized to act, so that the high polymer pipe is pressed and fixed on the supporting block through the pressing block.
2. The method for clamping the high polymer pipe according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: when the whole drilling process does not need to rotate the high polymer pipe, the high polymer pipe clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
a. placing a plurality of high polymer pipes on an L-shaped supporting block of a high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously, driving a first top cone to move by using the telescopic power cylinders, and axially clamping the plurality of high polymer pipes along the high polymer pipes through a plurality of first top cones and a plurality of second top cones;
b. the transverse clamping mechanisms of the polymer pipes are controlled to act simultaneously, and the transverse clamping mechanisms of the polymer pipes are utilized to feed the polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes
Clamping and then drilling;
c. after drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipes are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipes send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipes;
d. and controlling the telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously again, driving the tip cone to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders, and taking out the plurality of polymer pipes from the axial clamping of the plurality of polymer pipes.
3. The method for clamping the high polymer pipe according to claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: when the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated in the whole drilling process, the clamping method comprises the following specific steps:
1) Placing a plurality of high polymer pipes on an L-shaped supporting block of a high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanism on a working platform, controlling a plurality of telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously, driving a first top cone to move by using the telescopic power cylinders, and axially clamping the high polymer pipes along the high polymer pipes through the first top cones and the second top cones;
2) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes along the radial direction of the polymer pipes by using the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling;
3) When the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated, the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the high polymer pipe transverse clamping mechanisms send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe;
4) The plurality of rotary power heads are controlled to rotate, the active tip cone is utilized to drive the high polymer pipe and the follow-up tip cone to rotate together, so that the plurality of high polymer pipes rotate on the working platform, and the plurality of rotary power heads are controlled to stop rotating after rotating in place;
5) Controlling the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes to act simultaneously, transversely clamping the plurality of polymer pipes again by using the transverse clamping mechanisms of the plurality of polymer pipes, and then drilling again;
6) After drilling, the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipe are controlled to act simultaneously again, so that the transverse clamping mechanisms of the high polymer pipe send out the transverse clamping of the high polymer pipe;
7) Controlling the telescopic power cylinders to act simultaneously again, driving the tip cone to move reversely by using the telescopic power cylinders, clamping the plurality of polymer pipes in the axial direction, and taking out the plurality of polymer pipes;
when the high polymer pipe needs to be rotated for a plurality of times, the steps 3) to 5) can be repeated until the drilling is finished, and the process goes to the step 6).
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CN113351401B (en) * 2021-06-02 2022-12-16 广东粤电新会发电有限公司 Paint spraying supporting device for natural gas outer pipeline

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CN208628929U (en) * 2018-07-24 2019-03-22 石家庄奥通机械设备制造有限公司 Positioning tool is used in a kind of processing of axle central siphon

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US5878641A (en) * 1996-07-12 1999-03-09 Tsune Seiki Co., Ltd. Cutting apparatus
DE202012104227U1 (en) * 2012-11-05 2012-12-05 Robert Lönne Machining center for the machining of strip-shaped workpieces
CN106891033A (en) * 2015-12-17 2017-06-27 青岛三同德金属制品有限公司 A kind of horizontal drilling machine
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