CN209255452U - A kind of food waste treatment device - Google Patents

A kind of food waste treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209255452U
CN209255452U CN201821177918.3U CN201821177918U CN209255452U CN 209255452 U CN209255452 U CN 209255452U CN 201821177918 U CN201821177918 U CN 201821177918U CN 209255452 U CN209255452 U CN 209255452U
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shaft
solid
kitchen garbage
slot
treatment device
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CN201821177918.3U
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彭丽军
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Shanghai Jlu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Jlu Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of food waste treatment device, including kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, solid pressurizing unit, oil water separator and control cabinet, kitchen garbage pulverizing slot includes disintegrating mechanism and the first driving mechanism, solid pressurizing unit includes spiral propeller, the second driving mechanism and solid collecting tank, oil water separator includes demarcation plate, solid sundries are crushed using kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, solid pressurizing unit carries out extruding recycling to solid sundries, and last oil water separator separates grease.This kind of food waste treatment device can be to avoid solid sundries plugging handling device, while can also efficiently use solid sundries, achieving environmental protection and energy saving.

Description

A kind of food waste treatment device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to kitchen garbage processing technology field, and in particular to a kind of food waste treatment device.
Background technique
Food residues after kitchen garbage refers to the food residue abandoned in food processing process, diet and In washing foodstuff, scrub tableware etc. during the raw sewerage that generates.Its ingredient mainly includes that smashed peel bone, food are broken Grain, insoluble protein, cellulosic and starchiness state non-solubility organic matter, ingredient is extremely multiple according to the difference of food It is miscellaneous.Due to nutriment rich in kitchen garbage, if being directly discharged to nature without processing, be suitable for It is i.e. putrid and deteriorated in a short time under the action of temperature and bacterium, not only ambient enviroment is polluted, breeds mosquitos and flies, is occupied a large amount of Soil, and also result in a large amount of wastes of resource.Based on this, the research and development of food waste treatment equipment carry out kitchen garbage Effectively degradation and integrated treatment, realize that the minimizing of kitchen garbage and resource utilization will have a very important significance.
In the prior art, food waste treatment device typically directly discharges solid sundries, and liquid is then carried out grease Separation.The defect of this kind of processing unit is that solid sundries direct emission meeting plugging handling device causes processing unit to need fixed Phase cleaning, in addition, the solid sundries of direct emission cannot recycle well, results in waste of resources;Secondly, this kind processing dress The structure for setting middle oily-water seperating equipment is relative complex, and manufacturing cost is higher.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of food waste treatment devices, solve existing skill Food waste treatment device cannot carry out processing to solid sundries processing unit is caused to be blocked and the technology of the wasting of resources in art Problem.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model: 1, a kind of food waste treatment device, It is characterized in that: including kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, solid pressurizing unit, oil water separator and control cabinet;
Garbage inlet is provided at the top of the kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, the bottom of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot is provided with rubbish Rubbish discharge port, the rubbish discharge outlet are provided with crushing groove opening and closing solenoid valve, and kitchen garbage pulverizing slot is internally provided with powder Broken mechanism, the outside of the kitchen garbage pulverizing slot are provided with the first driving mechanism, and the first driving mechanism drives disintegrating mechanism pair Solid sundries in kitchen garbage pulverizing slot are crushed;
The solid pressurizing unit includes spiral propeller, the second driving mechanism and solid collecting tank, and the spiral pushes away It is connected into feed inlet one end of device with the bottom of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, is connected relative to spiral propeller described in feed inlet side There is discharge nozzle, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve is provided in the discharge nozzle, discharge port one end of spiral propeller and solid are collected Slot connection, the second driving mechanism driving spiral propeller squeeze solid sundries;
The oil water separator includes standing slot, stands and is provided with two pieces of demarcation plates on slot inner vertical direction, and two pieces points The one high and one low setting of partition is separated to form oily waste water water cavity, filter chamber and clear water chamber for slot is stood, and is provided in filter chamber Filter material material, oily waste water water cavity top are provided with inlet, and inlet is connect with discharge nozzle, pulsating pump are provided in discharge nozzle, institute It states and is provided with waste water chamber liquid level sensor in oily waste water water cavity, oil outlet is provided on the side wall of oily waste water water cavity, it is described fuel-displaced It is provided with oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve at mouthful, is provided with clear water chamber liquid level sensor in the clear water chamber, the lower part of clear water chamber is set It is equipped with leakage fluid dram, leakage fluid dram opening and closing solenoid valve is provided at the leakage fluid dram;
The crushing groove opens and closes solenoid valve, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve, pulsating pump, waste water chamber liquid level sensor, clear water chamber Liquid level sensor, oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve and leakage fluid dram opening and closing solenoid valve are connect with control cabinet.
Preferably, the disintegrating mechanism includes shaft and crushing knife, and the crushing knife is connect with shaft, the shaft with The connection of first driving mechanism.
Preferably, the shaft and kitchen garbage pulverizing trench bottom junction are provided with mechanical seal.
Preferably, first driving mechanism includes first motor installation casing and is fixed on first motor installation casing In first motor, the output shaft of the first motor is connected with motor pulley, and the shaft is connected with shaft belt pulley, institute It states motor pulley and is connect with shaft belt pulley by belt.
Preferably, the spiral propeller include propeller housing, the shaft being axially set in inside propeller housing, with And it is connected with the rotating shaft helical blade, the shaft is connect with the second driving mechanism, along spiral propeller feed inlet to discharge port The screw pitch in direction, the adjacent helical blade is incremented by successively.
Preferably, second driving mechanism including the second motor installation casing and is fixed on the second motor installation casing In the second motor, the output shaft of second motor connect with shaft by shaft coupling.
Preferably, the filtering material is PP filter cotton.
Preferably, end cap, the end cap and kitchen are provided at the garbage inlet in kitchen garbage pulverizing groove top portion The articulated connection of rubbish crushing groove.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that the utility model discloses a kind of food waste treatment device, including kitchen garbage Crushing groove, solid pressurizing unit, oil water separator and control cabinet, kitchen garbage pulverizing slot include that disintegrating mechanism and first drive Motivation structure, solid pressurizing unit include that spiral propeller, the second driving mechanism and solid collecting tank, oil water separator include Demarcation plate crushes solid sundries using kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, and solid pressurizing unit squeezes back solid sundries It receives, last oil water separator separates grease.This kind of food waste treatment device can be to avoid solid sundries plugging handling Device, while solid sundries can also be efficiently used, it is achieving environmental protection and energy saving;
Oil water separator stand slot using height arrangement divides, stand slot be separated to form oily waste water water cavity, Filter chamber and clear water chamber, the grease settle and separate in oily waste water water cavity, oil are retained in oily waste water water cavity, and eventually by going out Hydraulic fluid port discharge, waste water enters clear water chamber after filtering by filter chamber, and is discharged from the leakage fluid dram of clear water chamber.This kind of oil water separator Design structure it is simple, manufacturing cost is low, while water-oil separating can be had higher market utility value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of food waste treatment device;
Fig. 2 is the control system schematic diagram of controller;
Appended drawing reference in figure, 1- kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, 1.1- crush cavity, 1.1.1- garbage inlet, 1.1.2- rubbish Rubbish discharge port, 1.2- are driven cavity, and 1.2.1- crushes stream outlet;2- stands slot, 2.1- oily waste water water cavity, 2.1.1- feed liquor Mouthful, 2.2- filter chamber, 2.3- clear water chamber, 2.3.1- leakage fluid dram;3- control cabinet;4- end cap;5- disintegrating mechanism, 5.1- shaft, 5.2- crushing knife;6- mechanical seal;The first driving mechanism of 7-, 7.1- first motor installation casing, 7.2- first motor, 7.3- electricity Machine belt pulley, 7.4- shaft belt pulley, 7.5- belt;8- discharge nozzle;9- spiral propeller, 9.1- propeller housing, 9.1.1- Feed inlet, 9.1.2- discharge port, 9.2- shaft, 9.3- helical blade;The second driving mechanism of 10-, 10.1- the second motor installs case Body, the second motor of 10.2-;11- solid collecting tank;12- shaft coupling;13- discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve;14- demarcation plate;15- mistake Filter material material;16- pulsating pump;17- waste water chamber liquid level sensor;19- oil outlet;20- oil outlet opens and closes solenoid valve;21- clear water chamber Liquid level sensor;22- leakage fluid dram opens and closes solenoid valve.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
Embodiment 1:
A kind of food waste treatment device, as shown in Figure 1, including kitchen garbage pulverizing slot 1, solid pressurizing unit, grease Separator and control cabinet 3.
In the present embodiment, kitchen garbage pulverizing slot 1 includes crushing cavity 1.1 and transmission cavity 1.2, crushes cavity 1.1 Positioned at the top of transmission cavity 1.2.The top for crushing cavity 1.1 is provided with garbage inlet 1.1.1, crushed work in order to prevent When inside sundries splash outward, crush and be provided with end cap 4 at the garbage inlet at the top of cavity, end cap 4 and crush cavity 1.1 and cut with scissors It connects in succession.The bottom for crushing cavity is provided with rubbish discharge port 1.1.2, and crushing groove opening and closing is provided at rubbish discharge port 1.1.2 Solenoid valve 5, crush cavity 1.1 is internally provided with disintegrating mechanism 5.Specifically, disintegrating mechanism 5 includes shaft 5.1 and crushes Knife 5.2, crushing knife 5.2 are connect with shaft 5.1, shaft 5.1 longitudinally through crush cavity 1.1 after enter drive cavity body 1.2.In order to Shaft and the junction for crushing cavity is avoided leakage occur, shaft 5.1 is provided with mechanical close with crushing 1.1 bottom junctions of cavity Envelope 6.The outside of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot is provided with the first driving mechanism 7.Specifically, the first driving mechanism 7 includes first motor Installation casing 7.1 and the first motor 7.2 being fixed in first motor installation casing.The output shaft of first motor is connected with electricity Machine belt pulley 7.3, the shaft one end for being pierced by crushing cavity are connected with shaft belt pulley 7.4, motor pulley 7.3 and shaft belt Wheel 7.4 is connected by belt 7.5.The operating of 7.2 drive shaft 5.1 of first motor, and then crushing knife 5.2 is connected with the rotating shaft to solid Body sundries carries out cutting and grinding.The side of transmission cavity 1.2, which offers, crushes stream outlet 1.2.1, crushes stream outlet 1.2.1 Place is connected with solid pressurizing unit.
Solid pressurizing unit includes spiral propeller 9, the second driving mechanism 10 and solid collecting tank 11.The present embodiment In, spiral propeller 9 includes propeller housing 9.1, the shaft 9.2 and and shaft being axially set in inside propeller housing The helical blade 9.3 of connection.One end of propeller housing is provided with feed inlet 9.1.1, and feed inlet 9.1.1 is connected to discharge nozzle 8, Receive the crushed material from transmission inside cavity.The other end of propeller housing is provided with discharge port 9.1.2, discharge port 9.1.2 Connect with solid collecting tank 11, along spiral propeller feed inlet to discharge port direction, the screw pitch of the adjacent helical blade 9.3 according to It is secondary to be incremented by, so that solid sundries are carried out de-watering extrusion, convenient for the utilization again of solid sundries.Second driving mechanism 10 includes the Two motor installation casings 10.1 and the second motor 10.2 being fixed in the second motor installation casing, the output shaft of the second motor It is connect with shaft 5.1 by shaft coupling 12.Second motor drives shaft rotation, so that being connected with the rotating shaft helical blade pair Solid sundries squeeze.Relative to the other side of feed inlet, it is connected with discharge nozzle 8 in propeller housing 9.1, is arranged in discharge nozzle 8 There is discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve 13.
Oil water separator includes standing slot 2, stands and is provided with two pieces of demarcation plates 14 on 2 inner vertical direction of slot, and two pieces points The one high and one low setting of partition 14 is simultaneously separated to form oily waste water water cavity 2.1, filter chamber 2.2 and clear water chamber 2.3 for slot is stood.It crosses Filtering material 15 is provided in filter chamber 2.2, preferably filtering material 15 is PP filter cotton in the present embodiment.On oily waste water water cavity 2.1 Portion is provided with inlet 2.1.1, and inlet 2.1.1 is connect with discharge nozzle 8, and pulsating pump 16, pulsating pump 16 are provided in discharge nozzle 8 Grease sucking in discharge nozzle 8 is stood into slot 2.Waste water chamber liquid level sensor 17, oily waste water water cavity are provided in oily waste water water cavity Side wall on be provided with oil outlet 19, oil outlet is provided with oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve 20.Clear water is provided in clear water chamber 2.3 Chamber liquid level sensor 21, the lower part of clear water chamber 2.3 are provided with leakage fluid dram 2.3.1, and leakage fluid dram opening and closing is provided at leakage fluid dram 2.3.1 Solenoid valve 22.
In order to realize automation control, control cabinet 3 includes controller, and in the present embodiment, preferably controller is that PLC is controlled Device.As shown in Fig. 2, crushing groove opens and closes solenoid valve 5, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve 13, pulsating pump 16, waste water chamber liquid level sensor 17, clear water chamber liquid level sensor 21, oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve 20 and leakage fluid dram opening and closing solenoid valve 22 and PLC controller connect It connects.The grinding time threshold values of disintegrating mechanism, discharge nozzle pressure electromagnetic device threshold values, the first liquid level threshold values, the are set by PLC controller Two liquid level threshold values etc..
The specific operation process of the processing unit is as follows: feeding first from the garbage inlet of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, lid Upper end cover starts first motor and the second motor.PLC controller records the rotational time of first motor, the i.e. powder of disintegrating mechanism The broken time, if reach grinding time threshold values, PLC controller controls crushing groove opening and closing solenoid valve and opens, and crushed material goes out from rubbish Material mouth outflow, and enter solid pressurizing unit from stream outlet is crushed.Second motor band dynamic spiral propeller works, screw propulsion Solid sundries are squeezed and are pushed in solid collecting tank by the helical blade in device.When PLC controller detects in discharging pipeline Pressure value reach discharge nozzle pressure threshold value after, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve open, while PLC controller control pulsating pump open It opens, grease is pumped to oil water separator by the water suction in discharging pipeline.Grease settle and separate in standing slot.When PLC is controlled When device receives waste water chamber liquid level sensor detection level value greater than the first liquid level threshold values, PLC controller controls oil outlet Oil outlet opens and closes solenoid valve and opens, and oil is discharged from oil outlet, when PLC controller receives waste water chamber liquid level sensor detection liquid level When value is less than the first liquid level threshold values, the oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve at PLC controller control port is closed, and waste water passes through first point Enter filter chamber after partition, enters clear water chamber from the bottom of the second demarcation plate after filtering via filter chamber.When PLC controller receives When being greater than the second liquid level threshold values to clear water chamber liquid level sensor detection level value, PLC controller controls the leakage fluid dram at leakage fluid dram It opens and closes solenoid valve to open, clear water is flowed out from leakage fluid dram.
Above description is only a specific implementation of the present invention, but the protection scope of the utility model is not limited to In this, anyone skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed by the utility model, can readily occur in variation Or replacement, it should be covered within the scope of the utility model.Therefore, the protection scope of the utility model should be with the power Subject to the protection scope that benefit requires.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of food waste treatment device, it is characterised in that: including kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, solid pressurizing unit, grease point From device and control cabinet;
Garbage inlet is provided at the top of the kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, the bottom of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot is provided with rubbish and goes out Material mouth, the rubbish discharge outlet are provided with crushing groove opening and closing solenoid valve, and kitchen garbage pulverizing slot is internally provided with pulverizer Structure, the outside of the kitchen garbage pulverizing slot are provided with the first driving mechanism, and the first driving mechanism drives disintegrating mechanism to kitchen Solid sundries in rubbish crushing groove are crushed;
The solid pressurizing unit includes spiral propeller, the second driving mechanism and solid collecting tank, the spiral propeller Feed inlet one end be connected to the bottom of kitchen garbage pulverizing slot, be connected with out relative to spiral propeller described in feed inlet side Expects pipe, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve is provided in the discharge nozzle, and discharge port one end of spiral propeller and solid collecting tank connect It connects, the second driving mechanism driving spiral propeller squeezes solid sundries;
The oil water separator includes standing slot, stands and is provided with two pieces of demarcation plates, two pieces of demarcation plates on slot inner vertical direction One high and one low setting is separated to form oily waste water water cavity, filter chamber and clear water chamber for slot is stood, and is provided with filter material in filter chamber Material, oily waste water water cavity top are provided with inlet, and inlet is connect with discharge nozzle, and pulsating pump is provided in discharge nozzle, described to contain It is provided with waste water chamber liquid level sensor in oily waste water chamber, oil outlet, the oil outlet are provided on the side wall of oily waste water water cavity It is provided with oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve, is provided with clear water chamber liquid level sensor in the clear water chamber, the lower part of clear water chamber is provided with Leakage fluid dram is provided with leakage fluid dram opening and closing solenoid valve at the leakage fluid dram;
The crushing groove opens and closes solenoid valve, discharge nozzle pressure solenoid valve, pulsating pump, waste water chamber liquid level sensor, clear water chamber liquid level Sensor, oil outlet opening and closing solenoid valve and leakage fluid dram opening and closing solenoid valve are connect with control cabinet.
2. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the disintegrating mechanism include shaft with And crushing knife, the crushing knife are connect with shaft, the shaft is connect with the first driving mechanism.
3. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the shaft and kitchen garbage pulverizing Trench bottom junction is provided with mechanical seal.
4. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: first driving mechanism includes the One motor installation casing and the first motor being fixed in first motor installation casing, the output axis connection of the first motor There is motor pulley, the shaft is connected with shaft belt pulley, and the motor pulley is connect with shaft belt pulley by belt.
5. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the spiral propeller includes promoting Device shell, the shaft being axially set in inside propeller housing and it is connected with the rotating shaft helical blade, the shaft and second Driving mechanism connection, along spiral propeller feed inlet to discharge port direction, the screw pitch of the adjacent helical blade is incremented by successively.
6. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: second driving mechanism includes the Two motor installation casings and the second motor being fixed in the second motor installation casing, the output shaft of second motor with turn Axis is connected by shaft coupling.
7. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the filtering material is PP filtering Cotton.
8. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: kitchen garbage pulverizing groove top portion Garbage inlet at be provided with end cap, the end cap and kitchen garbage pulverizing slot are articulated and connected.
CN201821177918.3U 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of food waste treatment device Active CN209255452U (en)

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CN201821177918.3U CN209255452U (en) 2018-07-24 2018-07-24 A kind of food waste treatment device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111099926A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-05 华南理工大学 Kitchen garbage biological treatment system of prepareeing material
CN112138804A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-29 吉林省佳园再生科技有限公司 Crushing and sorting machine for kitchen waste

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111099926A (en) * 2019-12-27 2020-05-05 华南理工大学 Kitchen garbage biological treatment system of prepareeing material
CN112138804A (en) * 2020-09-30 2020-12-29 吉林省佳园再生科技有限公司 Crushing and sorting machine for kitchen waste

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