CN208994430U - A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system - Google Patents

A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN208994430U
CN208994430U CN201821293822.3U CN201821293822U CN208994430U CN 208994430 U CN208994430 U CN 208994430U CN 201821293822 U CN201821293822 U CN 201821293822U CN 208994430 U CN208994430 U CN 208994430U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
component
line
rubbish
pump
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201821293822.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李宪坤
郭俊辉
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Pu Hui Environmental Protection Polytron Technologies Inc
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Pu Hui Environmental Protection Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Pu Hui Environmental Protection Polytron Technologies Inc filed Critical Guangzhou Pu Hui Environmental Protection Polytron Technologies Inc
Priority to CN201821293822.3U priority Critical patent/CN208994430U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208994430U publication Critical patent/CN208994430U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of gas circuit structures of garbage collection system, including central control unit, rubbish release platform, refuse collector, Fan Equipment and control device, rubbish release platform is connect by launching pipeline and conveyance conduit with refuse collector, pipeline one end is launched to connect with rubbish release platform, the other end for launching pipeline is connected by one end of discharging unit for discharging and conveyance conduit, and the other end of conveyance conduit is connect with refuse collector;Launching pipeline and being equipped with expires the full position exploring block of position for detecting rubbish in pipeline;Fan Equipment is connect by pump-line with refuse collector, and Fan Equipment is used to provide the power source for making that negative-pressure pneumatic is generated in conveyance conduit, and control device is used to control the unlatching and closure of discharging unit for discharging;Fan Equipment, full position exploring block and control device are electrically connected with central control unit.The gas circuit structure has the effect of overall process automatic control, automatic detection, automatic collection and energy saving.

Description

A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of waste treatment more particularly to a kind of gas circuit structures of garbage collection system.
Background technique
Rubbish pneumatic conveying system is to be received earliest for hospital waste by one company, Sweden in utility model in 1961 Collection is assembled in residential quarter since 1967 and is used.The U.S., Japan, Germany, Denmark, Singapore, Chinese Fragrant have been extended at present A countries and regions in port special administrative region etc. more than 30, installation and operation reach hundreds of sets.Hospital, airport, residential quarter at home in recent years Also there is a small amount of application.
With the raising of current social economic life level, more livable, more environmentally friendly community living environment is established, society is become The urgent need that can develop.Rubbish Rational Classification in living environment has been collected into the life event in the public visual field.Currently, The receipts fortune of house refuse is generally such that be placed under residential building by resident after rubbish is packed or the specified ground in access way two sides In point or container, cleaning worker is again sent rubbish to gathering station (or garbage house) with rickshaw, is then transported to refuse collector Garbage compression station is routed directly to pollution assessment.This is the receipts fortune mode of a kind of manpower, machinery or semi-machine, clears efficiency It is low, it is great work intensity, at high cost, it is time-consuming, laborious, and certain pollution is caused to ambient enviroment.
Existing separate waste collection technology, is mostly arranged individual several sorting rubbish collecting boxs, and garbage collection box is more It is placed on public area, surrounding enviroment easy to pollute under the use state, while lacking the centrality and systematicness of garbage collection, it lacks The flexibility and convenience that few rubbish is launched.Also some applies centralization, duct type collection technique, but all uses more original letter Folk prescription formula carries out garbage collection.Flush system large area installs collecting system pipeline, and large area carries out ground base construction, also Unified central collection station must be built, which is relatively difficult to realize separate waste collection, decrement discharge and recycling side Face shortcoming.Traditional garbage collection method of shipment be not able to satisfy to modern environment and health requirement, house refuse need quickly, Efficiently, the refuse collection transmission mode of high degree of automation.
Utility model content
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of gas circuits of garbage collection system Structure can be realized the function that garbage collection system overall process is automatically controlled, detects automatically, collected automatically, and have and save Energy consumption and the effect for reducing cost.
The purpose of this utility model adopts the following technical scheme that realization:
A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system, including central control unit, rubbish release platform, garbage collection dress It sets, Fan Equipment and control device, the rubbish release platform are filled by launching pipeline and conveyance conduit and the garbage collection Connection is set, described dispensing pipeline one end is connect with the rubbish release platform, and the other end for launching pipeline passes through discharge portion Part is connect with one end of the conveyance conduit, and the other end of the conveyance conduit is connect with the refuse collector;
The dispensing pipeline is for temporarily storing rubbish, and the dispensings pipeline is equipped with for detecting rubbish in pipeline expiring position Full position exploring block, the conveyance conduit is used to rubbish being delivered to the refuse collector;
The Fan Equipment is connect by pump-line with the refuse collector, and the Fan Equipment makes for providing The power source of negative-pressure pneumatic is generated in the conveyance conduit, the control device is used to control the unlatching of the discharging unit for discharging and closes It closes;
The Fan Equipment, full position exploring block and control device are electrically connected with the central control unit, described Central control unit is used to receive the signal that the full position exploring block issues, and is analyzed and determined, to set to the blower Standby and control device is controlled.
Further, the rubbish release platform includes for launching the first release platform of indoor recyclable rubbish, using In indoor not the second release platform of recyclable rubbish of dispensing and the third release platform for launching rubbish from cooking;The dispensing Pipeline includes the first dispensing pipeline connecting with first release platform, the second dispensing connecting with second release platform Pipeline and the third connecting with the third release platform launch pipeline;The conveyance conduit includes launching to manage with described first The first conveyance conduit of placed in series connection is launched in road and second, and launches the second delivery pipe that pipeline is connect with the third The end in road, first conveyance conduit is connected with switching valve;The refuse collector includes for can be recycled in collecting chamber First garbage separator of rubbish and the first garbage collection box connecting with first garbage separator are used in collecting chamber not It second garbage separator of recyclable rubbish and the second garbage collection box being connect with second garbage separator and is used for Collect the food waste separator of rubbish from cooking and the kitchen waste collection case that connect with the food waste separator, one end of the switching valve and The first garbage separator connection, the other end of the switching valve are connect with second garbage separator;The exhaust tube Road includes including the first pump-line, the second pumping with main pump-line and branch's pump-line, branch's pump-line One end of pipeline and third pump-line, the main pump-line is connect with the Fan Equipment, the main pump-line it is another One end is connect with one end of first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line respectively, first pumping The other end of pipeline is connect with first garbage collection box, and the other end of second pump-line and second rubbish are received Header connection, the other end of the third pump-line are connect with the kitchen waste collection case;The full position exploring block includes setting The first ultrasonic detector in pipeline, the second ultrasonic listening in the second dispensing pipeline are launched in described first Device and the third ultrasonic detector in third dispensing pipeline;The discharging unit for discharging includes being set to described first The first drain valve for launching pipe end, the second drain valve for launching pipe end set on described second and it is set to described the Three launch the third drain valve of pipe end.
Further, first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line are respectively equipped with the first on-off Component, the second on-off component and third on-off component, the first on-off component, the second on-off component and third on-off component are used In disconnecting or be connected to the main pump-line.
It further, further include the first inlet duct, the second inlet duct and third inlet duct, the first air inlet dress The admission line setting the first air inlet including connecting with outside air and being connect with first conveyance conduit, described first Air inlet is equipped with the first muffler, and first admission line is equipped with the 4th on-off component;Second inlet duct include with Second air inlet of outside air connection and the second admission line being connect with third dispensing pipeline, second air inlet Mouth is equipped with the second muffler, and second admission line is equipped with the 5th on-off component;The third inlet duct includes and the external world The third air inlet being air connected and the third air inlet pipe being connect respectively with first conveyance conduit and the second conveyance conduit Road, third air inlet are equipped with third muffler, and the third admission line includes main air inlet pipe road, the first lateral and second Subtube, one end of first lateral are connect with the main air inlet pipe road, the other end of first lateral with The end of first conveyance conduit connects, and the one end in the second branched pipe road is connect with the main air inlet pipe road, and described the The other end of two laterals is connect with the end of second conveyance conduit, and the main air inlet pipe road is equipped with the 6th on-off portion Part, first lateral and second branched pipe road are respectively equipped with the 7th on-off component and the 8th on-off component.
Further, including cleaning device, the cleaning device includes water pump and spray piping, and the one of the spray piping End is connect with the water pump, and the other end of the spray piping is connect with the food waste separator, and the water pump and center control Device is electrically connected, and the spray piping is equipped with the 9th on-off component.
It further, further include emission-control equipment, one end of the emission-control equipment is connected with exhaust outlet, described useless The other end of Flash Gas Compression Skid System is connect by exhaust pipe with the main pump-line.
It further, further include emptying equipment, the emptying equipment includes exhaust fan and emptying pipeline, the exhaust fan peace Loaded on roof and it is configured with filter, one end of the emptying pipeline connects the exhaust fan, the other end of the emptying pipeline It is connect with pipeline is launched with the first dispensing pipeline and second respectively.
Further, the control device includes air compressor and Pneumatic pipe, and the Pneumatic pipe includes main pneumatic Pipeline and multiple branch's Pneumatic pipes, one end of the main Pneumatic pipe are connect with the air compressor, the main pneumatic tube The other end in road is connected separately with multiple branch's Pneumatic pipes, first drain valve, the second drain valve, third discharge Valve, the first on-off component, the second on-off component, third on-off component, the 4th on-off component, the 5th on-off component, the 6th on-off Component, the 7th on-off component, the 8th on-off component and the 9th on-off component have been connected respectively branch's Pneumatic pipe, and Branch's Pneumatic pipe is equipped with a solenoid valve, and the solenoid valve is used to cutting off or being connected to each branch's Pneumatic pipe, The air compressor and the central control unit are electrically connected.
It further, further include multiple pressure detectors, first conveyance conduit, the second conveyance conduit, the first air inlet Pipeline, the second admission line, main air inlet pipe road, main pump-line, third pump-line, main Pneumatic pipe and exhaust pipe are pacified Equipped with pressure detector described at least one, the pressure detector is used to detect the air pressure in pipeline, the pressure detector It is electrically connected with the central control unit.
Further, the central control unit includes electric control cabinet and station, and station is equipped with touch screen areas, urgency Stop button area and computer monitor area.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
By launching pipeline setting discharging unit for discharging, expires position state using rubbish in full position exploring block detection pipeline, reach When to full position, full position exploring block sends a signal to central control unit, and central control unit sends Fan Equipment and instructs, wind Machine equipment sends control device and instructs to conveyance conduit air-blowing, central control unit, opens discharging unit for discharging, to make rubbish It launches from pipeline is launched into conveyance conduit, until reaching refuse collector, the detection for realizing front end identifies, is excessively program-controlled System, process such as detect, automatically process at the Automatic Control of overall processes, and the degree of automation is high, advantageously reduce operation cost, and And the rubbish in dispensing pipeline reaches Man Weihou and is delivered to collection device again, avoids that Fan Equipment is allowed to continue working, and has and saves Energy consumption and the effect for reducing cost;In addition, by setting rubbish release platform, launching pipeline, conveyance conduit and garbage collection dress It sets, using the pneumatic conveying of Fan Equipment, realizes the automatic collection of rubbish.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system provided by the embodiment of the utility model, is shown in figure Control device is gone out.
In figure: 1, exhaust fan;2, filter;3, the first release platform;4, the first ultrasonic detector;5, the first discharge Valve;6, the second release platform;7, the second ultrasonic detector;8, the second drain valve;9, the first muffler;10, first pressure is visited Survey device;11, the 4th on-off component;12, second pressure detector;13, grinding mill;14, storage section;15, third ultrasonic listening Device;16, the second muffler;17, the 5th on-off component;18, third drain valve;19, third pressure detector;20, third noise reduction Device;21, the 4th pressure detector;22, the 6th on-off component;23, the 8th on-off component;24, the 7th on-off component;25, the 6th Pressure detector;26, the tenth on-off component;27, the 11st on-off component;28, the 7th pressure detector;29, the 8th pressure is visited Survey device;30, switching valve;31, the first garbage separator;32, the first garbage collection box;33, the first on-off component;34, the second rubbish Rubbish separator;35, the second garbage collection box;36, the second on-off component;37, food waste separator;38, the 12nd on-off component; 39, kitchen waste collection case;40, water pump;41, the 9th on-off component;42, the 9th pressure detector;43, first pipe filter;44, Tenth pressure detector;45, third on-off component;46, second pipe filter;47, third piping filter;48, the ten one Pressure detector;49, check-valves;50, the 4th piping filter;51, the first blower;52, the 12nd pressure detector;53, Five piping filters;54, the second blower;55, the 13rd pressure detector;56, emission-control equipment;57, exhaust outlet;58, Five pressure detectors;59, the first ball valve;60, air filter;61, the second ball valve;62, air compressor;63, the first electromagnetism Valve;64, second solenoid valve;65, third solenoid valve;66, the 4th solenoid valve;67, the 5th solenoid valve;68, the 6th solenoid valve;69, 7th solenoid valve;70, the 8th solenoid valve;71, the 9th solenoid valve;72, the tenth solenoid valve;73, the 11st solenoid valve;74, the tenth Two solenoid valves;75, the 13rd solenoid valve;76, the 14th solenoid valve;77, the 15th solenoid valve;78, the 16th solenoid valve;79, 17th solenoid valve;80, the 18th solenoid valve;81, access hole.
Specific embodiment
In the following, being described further in conjunction with attached drawing and specific embodiment to the utility model, it should be noted that Under the premise of not colliding, it can be formed in any combination between various embodiments described below or between each technical characteristic new Embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, being a kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system provided by the embodiment of the utility model, the gas circuit knot Structure includes central control unit, rubbish release platform, refuse collector, Fan Equipment and control device, rubbish release platform It is connect by launching pipeline and conveyance conduit with refuse collector, launches pipeline one end and connect with rubbish release platform, launched The other end of pipeline is connected by one end of discharging unit for discharging and conveyance conduit, and the other end and refuse collector of conveyance conduit connect It connects;Pipeline is launched for temporarily storing rubbish, and launches pipeline and is equipped with and for detecting rubbish in pipeline expire the full position probe portion of position Part, conveyance conduit are used to rubbish being delivered to refuse collector;Fan Equipment is connected by pump-line and refuse collector It connects, Fan Equipment is used to provide the power source for making that negative-pressure pneumatic is generated in conveyance conduit, and control device is for controlling discharging unit for discharging Unlatching and closure;Fan Equipment, full position exploring block and control device are electrically connected with central control unit, center control Device is used to receive the signal that full position exploring block issues, and is analyzed and determined, to Fan Equipment and control device progress Control.
Working principle: rubbish is launched since rubbish release platform, and later, rubbish, which is temporarily stored within, to be launched in pipeline, when Full position exploring block detects the rubbish launched in pipeline and reaches full position state, and full position exploring block sends full position signal to center Controller, central controller receives full position signal, and is analyzed and determined, then controls Fan Equipment and takes out to conveyance conduit Gas makes to generate negative pressure in conveyance conduit, and then control device controls discharging unit for discharging, is allowed to open the port for launching pipeline, launch The rubbish of pipeline is just pushed in refuse collector by negative pressure, completes the collection of rubbish.Here full position refers to dispensing pipeline It inside can store the maximum capacity of rubbish, full position exploring block is mounted on the position for launching pipeline maximum capacity, it will be understood that when Rubbish is stacked into the position of maximum capacity in dispensing pipeline, and full position exploring block, which just can detect rubbish, is expired position, it is preferable that this reality The full position exploring block for applying example is ultrasonic detector.
The present embodiment utilizes blower by setting rubbish release platform, dispensing pipeline, conveyance conduit and refuse collector The pneumatic conveying of equipment realizes the automatic collection of rubbish, and whole process carries out under the control of central control unit, automates journey Degree is high;In addition, full position need to be reached by making to launch rubbish in pipeline by launching pipeline setting discharging unit for discharging and full position exploring block State just opens the port for launching pipeline, this way it is possible to avoid Fan Equipment is allowed to continue working, have energy saving and reduce at This effect.The rubbish conveying of the present embodiment is carried out in closed pipeline, and rubbish dirt gas will not pollute air and influence It lives to periphery, and by the way of strength push transport, forms negative-pressure vacuum in pipeline, can effectively carry out the defeated of rubbish It send.The detection identification, process control, process that the gas circuit structure realizes front end such as detect, automatically process at the full-automatic of overall processes Control, the degree of automation is high, advantageously reduces operation cost.
It should be noted that above-mentioned rubbish release platform, dispensing pipeline, conveyance conduit, refuse collector, exhaust tube Road is all closed.
Preferably, the central control unit of the present embodiment includes electric control cabinet and station, and station is equipped with touch screen Area, scram button area and computer monitor area.Electric control cabinet includes programmable controller, wherein programmable controller is selected The Siemens Control device of model SR60, Analog input mModule are as follows: EM AE08, On-off signal output module are as follows: EM DR32, switching input module are as follows: EM DE16.The Kunlun on-state brand of touch screen selection model TPC 1561H.By setting Station is set, the case where monitoring entire gas circuit structure, if system alarm information is shown on the touchscreen, scram button area master are facilitated It prevents emergency event and system equipment failure and maintenance shut-downs and is arranged, improve safety.
Preferably, rubbish release platform includes for launching the first release platform 3 of indoor recyclable rubbish, for launching Indoor not the second release platform 6 of recyclable rubbish and the third release platform for launching rubbish from cooking;Launching pipeline includes The first dispensing pipeline being connect with the first release platform 3, the second dispensing pipeline and and third being connect with the second release platform 6 The third of release platform connection launches pipeline;Conveyance conduit includes connecting with the first dispensing pipeline and the second dispensing placed in series First conveyance conduit, and the second conveyance conduit that pipeline is connect is launched with third, the end of the first conveyance conduit, which is connected with, to be turned To valve 30;Refuse collector includes dividing for the first garbage separator 31 of recyclable rubbish in collecting chamber and with the first rubbish The first garbage collection box 32 for being connected from device 31, for not the second garbage separator 34 of recyclable rubbish and with the in collecting chamber The second garbage collection box 35 that two garbage separators 34 connect and food waste separator 37 and and kitchen for collecting rubbish from cooking The kitchen waste collection case 39 that remaining separator 37 connects, one end of switching valve 30 are connect with the first garbage separator 31, switching valve 30 The other end is connect with the second garbage separator 34;Pump-line includes taking out with main pump-line and branch's pump-line, branch Feed channel includes the first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line, one end of main pump-line and the blower Equipment connection, the other end of main pump-line respectively with the first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line one End connection, the other end of the first pump-line are connect with the first garbage collection box 32, the other end of the second pump-line and second Garbage collection box 35 connects, and the other end of third pump-line is connect with kitchen waste collection case 39;Full position exploring block includes being set to First launch pipeline in the first ultrasonic detector 4, set on second launch pipeline in the second ultrasonic detector 7 and The third ultrasonic detector 15 in pipeline is launched set on third;Discharging unit for discharging includes launching the first of pipe end set on first Drain valve 5, the second drain valve 8 for launching pipe end set on second and the third discharge that pipe end is launched set on third Valve 18.
It on above structure basis, is collected by different pipelines, realizes indoor recyclable rubbish, indoor not recyclable rubbish With orderly, the categorised collection of three kinds of rubbish such as rubbish from cooking;Wherein, the first release platform 3 and the second release platform 6 can be set Between the collection of each floor, it is respectively communicated with the first dispensing pipeline and second and launches pipeline, third release platform is to food waste rubbish Rubbish is launched, is sorted, is temporarily stored, can be with the dining room of building construction, dining room, wherein third rubbish release platform is special Integrating device, including grinding mill 13 and storage section 14 have both kitchen garbage and mill and collecting function.Grinding mill 13 is completed to throwing The kitchen garbage put is milled, is smashed to pieces.Kitchen garbage after 14 pairs of storage section pulverizes temporarily is stored, and is uniformly received Collection.The integrating device is enough quickly to solve perishable rotten kitchen garbage.Modern dining room, meal are handled using completely new method Food refuse in hall, family: leftovers, meat fish bony spur, vegetables, melon husk, eggshell, tealeaf residue, coffee grounds, fritter are beautiful Rice stick core, poultry ossiculum etc., avoid kitchen garbage from breeding germ, mosquito, cockroach because of storage, reduce peculiar smell.It can obviously purify A large amount of kitchen garbages can be effectively relieved in catering industry environment and public's environment, reduce the pressure at treatment of urban garbage station.First throws It puts pipeline and the second dispensing pipeline is arranged in the vertical floor structure of monomer building construction, individually at well is collected, respectively down It is connected to the first drain valve 5 and the second drain valve 8, third is launched pipeline and is located in kitchen, and third drain valve 18 is connected to.First row It puts valve 5 and the second drain valve 8 is arranged between the garbage collection of the first floor or negative one layer of monomer building construction, it is full in complete twin conduit The rear end of third release platform is arranged in the discharge of position rubbish, third drain valve 18.First conveyance conduit is carried out to indoor refuse The pneumatic conveying of (can be recycled, not can be recycled) is sent to garbage separator by strength completion rubbish after drain valve opening With collection device, the first conveyance conduit is generally located on the negative one layer of building construction, the position between garbage collection between processing;The Two conveyance conduits, can be from building construction dining room, dining room from third drain valve 18 to food waste separator 37 and kitchen waste collection case 39 Release platform at, carry out pipeline and move towards design, extend to the interior kitchen waste collection case 39 of the garbage collection of subterranean layer.The One garbage separator 31 and the second garbage separator 34 can carry out solid gas separation to rubbish, later respectively by the first garbage collection Case 32 and the second garbage collection box 35 are collected, and the garbage disposal of the basement floor (negative one or two layers minus) of building construction is placed in Between, after completing the inlet processing of rubbish, municipal garbage vehicle carries out receipts fortune;Food waste separator 37 can carry out oil to rubbish from cooking Water separation, kitchen waste collection case 39 can carry out degradation and fermentation process to rubbish, be mounted on the subterranean layer rubbish of building construction body Collecting and processing room.Pump-line is evacuated by Fan Equipment, negative-pressure vacuum is reached in pipeline, the air pressure for generating negative pressure pushes away Power is sent, pump-line is mounted between the subterranean layer garbage collection process of building construction body, until between Fan Equipment.
It should be noted that kitchen waste collection case 39 selects the Losec woods kitchen waste collection of model OKL-30, whole equipment structure It makes as abrasion-proof stainless steel material, degradation tank is mechanical stirring mode.The equipment has insulation and the good entrance of leakproofness, to subtract Few energy consumption, equipment need to be electrically connected with central controller.Equipment is ordorless and discharge of wastewater.The equipment degradation treatment process In be maintained at 60-80 degrees Celsius, the harmful bacteria of degradation process and final products can be killed, final products can be used for soil and change It is kind, concentration appropriate is used in afforestation, is beautified the environment, and equipment, without adding water, utilizes microorganism in degradation process Aerobic thermophilic composting principle handles kitchen garbage, without repeating addition microorganism and any additive.The equipment is with sense Temperature and humidity induction device control the tank that makes to degrade in treatment process and reach ideal degradation environment.According to food species difference The processing time will be different, general organic food can be handled in 24 hours, and bone, peanut shell etc. need 3-7 days or so.
Preferably, the first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line be respectively equipped with the first on-off component 33, Second on-off component 36 and third on-off component 45, the first on-off component 33, the second on-off component 36 and third on-off component 45 For disconnecting or being connected to main pump-line.It is convenient that pump-line is cut off and is connected to by the way that on-off component is arranged, such as close The second on-off component 36 and third on-off component 45 are closed, opens the first logical section component 33, Fan Equipment is only to the first conveyance conduit It is evacuated, at this point, switching valve 30 is connected to the first garbage separator 31.Therefore, it can according to need and turn on or off on-off Component is evacuated Fan Equipment to corresponding pump-line, and flexibility is stronger.
In addition, the Fan Equipment of the present embodiment includes at least one blower, specifically, blower includes the first blower 51 and the Two blowers 54, the first blower 51 and the second blower 54 are installed in series in main pump-line, and the first blower 51 is equipped with bypass, and bypass is set There is check-valves 49.The present embodiment preferentially selects two high-power centrifugal blowers, quantity need to according to scene actual use situation and Terminal user's number determines the quantity and watt level of centrifugal blower, and two Fans use series system, wherein the first blower 51 is set There is bypass, and check-valves 49 is installed, blade when due to blower operating can raise, what air-flow passed through, and blower exists Valve disc is to close when stalling, the refluence of gas when can prevent fan parking from turning in this way.In addition, according to the actual situation neatly Adjust separately start and stop and the revolving speed of two Fans, naturally it is also possible to second blower 54 be used only and carry out exhausting, the first blower 51 shut down, and can also open two Fans, fall-back or full speed running simultaneously.
Preferably, multiple piping filters are equipped in pump-line, are equipped with first pipe filter in third pump-line 43, it is equipped with second pipe filter 46, third piping filter 47 and the 5th piping filter 53 in main pump-line, first The pipeline of blower 51 is equipped with the 4th piping filter 50, and each piping filter is responsible for the filtering of rubbish bulky grain in pipeline.
It preferably, further include the first inlet duct, the second inlet duct and third inlet duct, the first inlet duct includes The first air inlet connecting with outside air and the admission line connecting with the first conveyance conduit, the first air inlet are equipped with first Muffler 9, the first admission line are equipped with the 4th on-off component 11;Second inlet duct include connect with outside air second into Port and the second admission line connecting with third dispensing pipeline, the second air inlet are equipped with the second muffler 16, the second air inlet Pipeline is equipped with the 5th on-off component 17;Institute's third inlet duct include the third air inlet being connect with outside air and respectively with The third admission line of first conveyance conduit and the connection of the second conveyance conduit, third air inlet are equipped with third muffler 20, third Admission line includes main air inlet pipe road, the first lateral and the second subtube, one end of the first lateral and main air inlet pipe Road connection, the other end of the first lateral connect with the end of the first conveyance conduit, the one end in second branched pipe road with lead into Feed channel connection, the other end in second branched pipe road are connect with the end of the second conveyance conduit, and it is logical that main air inlet pipe road is equipped with the 6th Disconnected component 22, the first lateral and second branched pipe road are respectively equipped with the 7th on-off component 24 and the 8th on-off component 23.This Embodiment can be used to improve the Pneumatic pressure power in conveyance conduit, wherein mounted in the noise reduction of air inlet by setting inlet duct Device is used to noise reduction, and each on-off component is for cutting off or being connected to each admission line.
Preferably, the present embodiment includes cleaning device, and cleaning device includes water pump 40 and spray piping, and the one of spray piping End is connect with water pump 40, and the other end of spray piping is connect with food waste separator 37, and water pump 40 electrically connects with central control unit It connects, spray piping is equipped with the 9th on-off component 41.Cleaning device is used to realize that the cleaning to food waste separator 37 is rinsed, and passes through water 40 pressurization hydraulic pressure of pump, the opening and closing of spray piping is controlled by the 9th on-off component 41, to control water yield and scavenging period point. In addition between food waste separator 37 and kitchen waste collection case 39 be equipped with the 12nd on-off component 38, facilitate control rubbish from cooking its Rubbish enters kitchen waste collection case 39.
It preferably, further include emission-control equipment 56, one end of emission-control equipment 56 is connected with exhaust outlet 57, at exhaust gas The other end of reason device 56 is connect by exhaust pipe with main pump-line.Indoor recyclable rubbish, indoor not recyclable rubbish, Rubbish from cooking shares a public exhaust pipe, and emission-control equipment 56 carries out gas after garbage collection, to each pipeline Body processing and emptying, exhaust gas are discharged from exhaust outlet 57.
It preferably, further include emptying equipment, emptying equipment includes exhaust fan 1 and emptying pipeline, and exhaust fan 1 is installed on roof And it is configured with filter 2, one end connection exhaust fan 1 of pipeline is emptied, the other end of pipeline is emptied and is launched respectively with first and managed Launch pipeline connection in road and second.Exhaust fan 1 is mounted on building roof, sets as the public rubbish dirt gas emptying for launching pipeline It is standby, the dirty gas launched in pipeline is timed or is controlled the exhaust for determining section, can avoid rubbish dirt gas in this way and cause air pollution. Filter 2 can filter large particulate matter in pipeline.
Preferably, present embodiment illustrates a kind of specific embodiments of control device, as shown in Fig. 2, control device packet Air compressor 62 and Pneumatic pipe are included, Pneumatic pipe includes main Pneumatic pipe and multiple branch's Pneumatic pipes, main Pneumatic pipe One end connect with air compressor 62, the other end of main Pneumatic pipe is connected separately with multiple branch's Pneumatic pipes, first row Put valve 5, the second drain valve 8, third drain valve 18, the first on-off component 33, the second on-off component 36, third on-off component 45, 4th on-off component 11, the 5th on-off component 17, the 6th on-off component 22, the 7th on-off component 24,23 and of the 8th on-off component 9th on-off component 41 has been connected respectively branch's Pneumatic pipe, and branch's Pneumatic pipe is equipped with a solenoid valve, electromagnetism Valve is electrically connected for cutting off or being connected to each branch's Pneumatic pipe, air compressor 62 and central control unit.
The gas circuit structure of the present embodiment uses pneumatic control mode entirely, using 62 air-blowing of air compressor as power, driving Discharging unit for discharging and on-off component open and close, and realize unattended full-automatic collection processing, the degree of automation is high, reduces Operation cost.In addition, main Pneumatic pipe is equipped with air filter 60 and the first ball valve 59, each branch's Pneumatic pipe is equipped with the second ball Valve 61, air filter 60 are filtered the air blasted in main Pneumatic pipe, and the first ball valve 59 is mainly used for the tune of fluid Section and control, the second ball valve 61 flexibly controls the interflow of fluid, the switching for shunting and flowing to, while can also close any channel And other two channel is made to be connected;Air compressor 62 is preferably the exhaust end base of oil injection threaded bolt formula air compressor of Atlas Copco 62, model G18FFATM13.
Specifically, the first on-off component 33 of the present embodiment, the second on-off component 36, third on-off component the 45, the 6th are logical Disconnected component 22 and the 7th on-off component 24 are preferably gate valve, the 4th on-off component 11, the 5th on-off component 17, the 6th on-off component 22 and the 9th on-off component 41 be preferably butterfly valve, the solenoid valve connecting in Fig. 1 with the first drain valve 5 is denoted as third solenoid valve 65, the solenoid valve connecting with the second drain valve 8 is denoted as second solenoid valve 64, and the solenoid valve connecting with third drain valve 18 is denoted as Four solenoid valves 66, the solenoid valve connecting with switching valve 30 are denoted as the 13rd solenoid valve 75, connect with the 4th on-off component 11 Solenoid valve is denoted as the first solenoid valve 63, and the solenoid valve connecting with the 5th on-off component 17 is denoted as the 5th solenoid valve 67, logical with the 6th The solenoid valve that the solenoid valve that disconnected component 22 connects is denoted as the 6th solenoid valve 68, connect with the 8th on-off component 23 is denoted as the 8th electromagnetism Valve 70, the solenoid valve connecting with the 7th on-off component 24 are denoted as the 7th solenoid valve 69, the electromagnetism connecting with the first on-off component 33 Valve is denoted as the 17th solenoid valve 79, and the solenoid valve connecting with the second on-off component 36 is denoted as the 16th solenoid valve 78, logical with third The solenoid valve that disconnected component 45 connects is denoted as the 18th solenoid valve 80, and the solenoid valve connecting with the 12nd on-off component 38 is denoted as the tenth Solenoid valve 72.In addition, the first garbage separator 31 is connected with the 15th solenoid valve 77, the second garbage separator 34 is connected with the tenth Four solenoid valves 76.
Preferably, the present embodiment further includes multiple pressure detectors, the first conveyance conduit, the second conveyance conduit, first into Feed channel, main air inlet pipe road, main pump-line, third pump-line, main Pneumatic pipe and exhaust pipe are mounted at least one A pressure detector, pressure detector are used to detect the air pressure in pipeline, and pressure detector and central control unit are electrically connected. In order to make it easy to understand, the pressure detector of the first admission line is denoted as first pressure detector 10, the pressure of the first conveyance conduit Detector is denoted as second pressure detector 12 and the 7th pressure detector 28, and the pressure detector of the second conveyance conduit is denoted as third Pressure detector 19 and the 8th pressure detector 29, the pressure detector in main air inlet pipe road are denoted as the 4th pressure detector 21, main The pressure detector of pumping feed channel is denoted as the 11st pressure detector 48 and the 12nd pressure detector 52, third pump-line Pressure detector be denoted as the 9th pressure detector 42 and the tenth pressure detector 44, the pressure detector of main Pneumatic pipe is denoted as 5th pressure detector 58, the pressure detector of exhaust pipe are denoted as the 13rd pressure detector 55.
Preferably, first conveyance conduit of the present embodiment is additionally provided with the pipeline for testing maintenance, as shown in figure 1 by the 6th pressure The bypass channel of force detector 25, the tenth on-off component 26 composition, mainly with the presence of slope (i.e. rubbish in test transfer pipeline The phenomenon that transporting climbing or clamping stagnation) in the state of rubbish convey operating condition.Transfer pipeline under normal operating conditions is the 11st logical The horizontal pipe section of disconnected component 27 and the 7th pressure detector 28.Wherein, the solenoid valve connecting with the tenth on-off component 26 is denoted as 12 solenoid valves 74, the solenoid valve connecting with the 11st on-off component 27 are denoted as the 11st solenoid valve 73.
Preferably, the present embodiment further includes multiple access holes 81, and access hole 81 is mounted on conveyance conduit, access hole 81 It is convenient that pipeline is overhauled.
On above structure basis, in order to make it easy to understand, gas circuit of the present embodiment to indoor recyclable rubbish and rubbish from cooking Control principle is specifically described.
The control process of indoor recyclable rubbish is as follows:
Air compressor 62 starts, and air compressor 62 carries out air-blowing to Pneumatic pipe;Pass through the 5th pressure detector 58 Pneumatic manifold pressure is detected, until reaching scheduled pressure value;Central controller realizes the by the 17th solenoid valve 79 of control One on-off component 33 is opened;Central controller realizes that switching valve 30 switches to the first rubbish point by the 13rd solenoid valve 75 of control From 31 pipeline of device, controls the 11st solenoid valve 73 and open the 11st on-off component 27;Central controller is to blower (the first blower 51 With the second blower 54) action command is issued, exhausting in conveyance conduit forms negative-pressure vacuum;Second pressure detector 12 and the 7th Vacuum degree in 28 detection pipes of pressure detector, reaches preset value, sends and instructs to central controller;Central controller passes through control Third solenoid valve 65 realizes that the first drain valve 5 is opened, and then realizes that the 4th on-off component 11 is beaten by the first solenoid valve 63 of control It opens;Rubbish in indoor recyclable rubbish pipeline is collected automatically to the first garbage collection box 32, and process is automatically performed rubbish It collects;Central controller realizes that the first drain valve 5 is closed by control third solenoid valve 65;Central controller controls blower (the One blower 51 and the second blower 54) slowly operation.Central controller passes through control the first solenoid valve 63,73 and of the 11st solenoid valve 17th solenoid valve 79 realizes that the 4th on-off component 11, the 11st on-off component 27 and the first on-off component 33 are closed;Center control Device processed purges the first garbage separator 31 by control the 15th solenoid valve 77 movement;In the process, if any equipment fault or valve It does not open or close, system display alarm information, and be transferred to process to terminate;System judges whether also next process flow, Such as nothing, blower dead halt.If any slowly operation;Entire process of collecting terminates.
Indoor not recyclable rubbish control process is similar with indoor recyclable rubbish control process, and details are not described herein.
The gas circuit control process of rubbish from cooking is as follows: starting water pump 40 and air compressor 62,62 pairs of gas of air compressor Dynamic pipeline carries out air-blowing;Pneumatic manifold pressure is detected by the 5th pressure detector 58, until reaching scheduled pressure value;Center Controller realizes that third on-off component 45 is opened by the 18th solenoid valve 80 of control;Central controller is to blower (the first blower 51 and second blower 54) issue action command, exhausting in conveyance conduit forms negative-pressure vacuum;Third pressure detector 19 and Vacuum degree in eight pressure detectors, 29 detection pipes, reaches preset value, sends and instructs to central controller;Central controller passes through control It makes the 4th solenoid valve 66 and realizes that third drain valve 18 is opened, kitchen release platform is then realized by the 5th solenoid valve 67 of control 5th on-off component 17 of admission line is opened;Rubbish in kitchen garbage collection conduit is collected automatically to food waste separator 37;Central controller realizes that third drain valve 18 is closed by the 4th solenoid valve 66 of control;Central controller controls blower is slow Operation;Central controller realizes the 5th on-off component 17 and by the 5th solenoid valve 67 of control and the 18th solenoid valve 80 Three on-off components 45 are closed;Central controller is opened by the 9th solenoid valve 71 of control and the tenth solenoid valve 72, controls water pump 40 The 9th on-off component 41 open, the 12nd on-off component 38 open, complete kitchen garbage collected automatically to kitchen waste collection case 39, Pressure pump 40 carries out cleaning spray to food waste separator 37;In the process, it is not opened or closed if any equipment fault or valve, is It unites display alarm information, and is transferred to process and terminates;System judges whether that there are also next process flows, and such as nothing, blower stops completely Machine.If any slowly operation;Kitchen waste collection case 39 starts to the stirring, fermentation of kitchen garbage, degradation treatment in case automatically.So far Whole flow process terminates;Entire process of collecting terminates.
Above embodiment is only preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot be protected with this to limit the utility model Range, the variation of any unsubstantiality that those skilled in the art is done on the basis of the utility model and replacement belong to In the utility model range claimed.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system, which is characterized in that including central control unit, rubbish release platform, rubbish Rubbish collection device, Fan Equipment and control device, the rubbish release platform is by launching pipeline and conveyance conduit and the rubbish The connection of rubbish collection device, described dispensing pipeline one end are connect with the rubbish release platform, and the other end for launching pipeline is logical It crosses discharging unit for discharging to connect with one end of the conveyance conduit, the other end of the conveyance conduit and the refuse collector connect It connects;
The dispensing pipeline is for temporarily storing rubbish, and the dispensings pipeline is equipped with for detecting rubbish in pipeline expiring expiring for position Position exploring block, the conveyance conduit are used to rubbish being delivered to the refuse collector;
The Fan Equipment is connect by pump-line with the refuse collector, and the Fan Equipment makes described for offer The power source of negative-pressure pneumatic is generated in conveyance conduit, the control device is used to control the unlatching and closure of the discharging unit for discharging;
The Fan Equipment, full position exploring block and control device are electrically connected with the central control unit, the center Control device is used to receive the signal that the full position exploring block issues, and is analyzed and determined, with to the Fan Equipment and Control device is controlled.
2. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the rubbish release platform includes using In the first release platform, the second release platform and use for launching indoor not recyclable rubbish of launching indoor recyclable rubbish In the third release platform for launching rubbish from cooking;The pipeline of launching includes that first connect with first release platform is launched Pipeline, second connect with second release platform launch pipeline and the third connecting with the third release platform is launched Pipeline;The conveyance conduit includes the first conveyance conduit connecting with the first dispensing pipeline and the second dispensing placed in series, And the second conveyance conduit that pipeline is connect is launched with the third, the end of first conveyance conduit is connected with switching valve; The refuse collector includes dividing for the first garbage separator of recyclable rubbish in collecting chamber and with first rubbish The first garbage collection box from device connection, for not the second garbage separator of recyclable rubbish and with described second in collecting chamber The second garbage collection box and food waste separator for collecting rubbish from cooking of garbage separator connection and with the food waste point Kitchen waste collection case from device connection, one end of the switching valve connect with first garbage separator, the switching valve it is another One end is connect with second garbage separator;The pump-line includes and main pump-line and branch's pump-line, institute State branch's pump-line include the first pump-line, the second pump-line and third pump-line, the one of the main pump-line End connect with the Fan Equipment, the other end of the main pump-line respectively with first pump-line, the second exhaust tube Road is connected with one end of third pump-line, and the other end of first pump-line is connect with first garbage collection box, The other end of second pump-line is connect with second garbage collection box, the other end of the third pump-line and institute State the connection of kitchen waste collection case;The full position exploring block includes the first ultrasonic listening launched in pipeline set on described first Device launches the second ultrasonic detector in pipeline and the third in third dispensing pipeline set on described second Ultrasonic detector;The discharging unit for discharging includes launching the first drain valve of pipe end set on described first, being set to described the Two launch the second drain valve of pipe end and launch the third drain valve of pipe end set on the third.
3. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that first pump-line, second Pump-line and third pump-line are respectively equipped with the first on-off component, the second on-off component and third on-off component, and described One on-off component, the second on-off component and third on-off component are for disconnecting or being connected to the main pump-line.
4. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that further include the first inlet duct, Two inlet ducts and third inlet duct, first inlet duct include the first air inlet being connect with outside air and with First admission line of the first conveyance conduit connection, first air inlet are equipped with the first muffler, first air inlet Pipeline is equipped with the 4th on-off component;Second inlet duct include the second air inlet being connect with outside air and with it is described Third launches the second admission line of pipeline connection, and second air inlet is equipped with the second muffler, second admission line Equipped with the 5th on-off component;The third inlet duct include the third air inlet being connect with outside air and respectively with it is described The third admission line of first conveyance conduit and the connection of the second conveyance conduit, third air inlet are equipped with third muffler, and described the Three admission lines include main air inlet pipe road, the first lateral and second branched pipe road, one end of first lateral with The main air inlet pipe road connection, the other end of first lateral is connect with the end of first conveyance conduit, described The one end in second branched pipe road is connect with the main air inlet pipe road, the other end in the second branched pipe road and second conveying The end of pipeline connects, and the main air inlet pipe road is equipped with the 6th on-off component, first lateral and second branched pipe road It is respectively equipped with the 7th on-off component and the 8th on-off component.
5. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that including cleaning device, the cleaning Device includes water pump and spray piping, and one end of the spray piping is connect with the water pump, the other end of the spray piping It is connect with the food waste separator, the water pump and central control unit are electrically connected, and the spray piping is equipped with the 9th on-off Component.
6. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that it further include emission-control equipment, institute The one end for stating emission-control equipment is connected with exhaust outlet, and the other end of the emission-control equipment passes through exhaust pipe and the master Pump-line connection.
7. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that it further include emptying equipment, the row Null device includes exhaust fan and emptying pipeline, and the exhaust fan is installed on roof and is configured with filter, the emptying pipeline One end connects the exhaust fan, the other end of the emptying pipeline with launch pipeline and second with described first respectively and launch pipeline Connection.
8. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as described in any one of claim 2-5, which is characterized in that the control device Including air compressor and Pneumatic pipe, the Pneumatic pipe includes main Pneumatic pipe and multiple branch's Pneumatic pipes, the master One end of Pneumatic pipe is connect with the air compressor, and the other end of the main Pneumatic pipe is connected separately with multiple described points Branch Pneumatic pipe, first drain valve, the second drain valve, third drain valve, the first on-off component, the second on-off component, Three on-off components, the 4th on-off component, the 5th on-off component, the 6th on-off component, the 7th on-off component, the 8th on-off component and 9th on-off component has been connected respectively branch's Pneumatic pipe, and branch's Pneumatic pipe is equipped with an electromagnetism Valve, the solenoid valve are filled for cutting off or being connected to each branch's Pneumatic pipe, the air compressor and the center control Set electric connection.
9. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as claimed in claim 8, which is characterized in that it further include multiple pressure detectors, First conveyance conduit, the second conveyance conduit, the first admission line, the second admission line, main air inlet pipe road, main exhaust tube Road, third pump-line, main Pneumatic pipe and exhaust pipe are mounted at least one described pressure detector, and the pressure is visited It surveys device and is used to detect the air pressure in pipeline, the pressure detector and the central control unit are electrically connected.
10. the gas circuit structure of garbage collection system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the central control unit includes Electric control cabinet and station, station are equipped with touch screen areas, scram button area and computer monitor area.
CN201821293822.3U 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system Active CN208994430U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821293822.3U CN208994430U (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821293822.3U CN208994430U (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208994430U true CN208994430U (en) 2019-06-18

Family

ID=66796964

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821293822.3U Active CN208994430U (en) 2018-08-10 2018-08-10 A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208994430U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111824779A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-10-27 广州普慧环保科技股份有限公司 Medical waste full-vacuum pipeline collection system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111824779A (en) * 2020-06-15 2020-10-27 广州普慧环保科技股份有限公司 Medical waste full-vacuum pipeline collection system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN206562742U (en) A kind of garbage collection system
CN101712400A (en) Closed-type automatic garbage-collecting system and control method thereof
CN211077591U (en) Automatic garbage collection system
CN105416937A (en) Vacuum collection and disposal system for kitchen garbage
CN108146912A (en) A kind of kitchen garbage collection system
CN208994430U (en) A kind of gas circuit structure of garbage collection system
CN210474945U (en) Kitchen waste treatment system applied to multi-storey building
CN111547427A (en) Closed-loop garbage collection system and control method thereof
CN209277483U (en) A kind of two-tube slot type pipeline separate waste collection system
CN208230509U (en) A kind of waste management system
CN107649487B (en) Garbage digestion treatment equipment system
CN207375968U (en) Perishable rubbish aerobic fermentation device
CN205345955U (en) Rubbish from cooking vacuum collection processing system
CN209452485U (en) A kind of kitchen garbage Pneumatic collecting system
CN209275398U (en) A kind of Pneumatic type pipeline garbage collection system
CN109264270B (en) Pneumatic pipeline garbage collection system and collection method thereof
CN112193691A (en) Indoor throwing type garbage full-vacuum pipeline collection system
CN206854338U (en) A kind of kitchen garbage processing system
CN215796136U (en) Automatic recycling system for classified garbage
CN1391996A (en) Comprehensive treating system for life garbage
RU2136639C1 (en) Waste processing method and apparatus and container for wastes
CN208586858U (en) Crushing type rubbish tube seat collection system
CN206871792U (en) Build negative pressure system
CN2491139Y (en) Life garbage integrated treatment set
CN109264271A (en) A kind of garbage collection system and garbage collection method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant