CN110386387A - Suction type garbage collection compression box, system and method - Google Patents

Suction type garbage collection compression box, system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110386387A
CN110386387A CN201910784781.0A CN201910784781A CN110386387A CN 110386387 A CN110386387 A CN 110386387A CN 201910784781 A CN201910784781 A CN 201910784781A CN 110386387 A CN110386387 A CN 110386387A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
garbage
storehouse
garbage collection
suction type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910784781.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
向伟
向光昭
任连成
杨永刚
王远洪
冯子刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHONGQING YUJIE SANITATION FACILITIES Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing University of Science and Technology filed Critical Chongqing University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN201910784781.0A priority Critical patent/CN110386387A/en
Publication of CN110386387A publication Critical patent/CN110386387A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F5/00Gathering or removal of refuse otherwise than by receptacles or vehicles
    • B65F5/005Gathering or removal of refuse otherwise than by receptacles or vehicles by pneumatic means, e.g. by suction
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F9/00Transferring of refuse between vehicles or containers with intermediate storage or pressing

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, system and method, and the effect for collecting, transporting rubbish is more preferable.Suction type garbage collection compression box includes cabinet, cabinet has garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse, pressure head drives storehouse, equipment installation bin, garbage feeding position in storehouse is in the surface in garbage-compressing storehouse, equipment installation bin is located at the surface in pressure head driving storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse and garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse is adjacent, garbage-compressing storehouse respectively with garbage feeding storehouse, the connection of rubbish storage storehouse, garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse and pressure head driving storehouse are combined into gas-tight silo, garbage feeding storehouse is separately connected rubbish inlet pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe is for connecting vacuum system, pressure head, which drives, is equipped with pressure head in storehouse, for rubbish to be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and compress.Suction type garbage collection compressibility further includes duct type refuse transport system, docking system.

Description

Suction type garbage collection compression box, system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to garbage collecting and transferring technical field, more particularly to a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, system and Method.
Background technique
In garbage classification collecting and transferring system, the refuse classification barrel categorised collection rubbish of large capacity is mainly used both at home and abroad, so Compression vehicle or pail vehicle are filled after use afterwards by canned garbage entrucking.There are the problem of:
(1) dustbin occupancy spatial surface is big, and useful load is small, is easy to appear exposure dress, pollutes environment.
(2) manual operation dustbin is mobile and entrucking, dustbin further cause dirt to surrounding enviroment in moving process Dye.
(3) in garbage collecting and transferring, the pedestrian on the appearance of the city and periphery is influenced.
(4) it is influenced by human factor, the rubbish of refuse classification barrel is easy to appear when entrucking and carrying away to be loaded in mixture.
(5) when receiving fortune rubbish, it is unable to garbage throwing.
(6) dustbin is on the ground, influenced by ambient temperature big, perishable smelly, it is desirable that shortens the receipts fortune time of rubbish Interval, to increase receipts fortune workload.
(7) compression dustbin is easy pollution rubbish box body when loading rubbish, and the sewage in dustbin is easy to overflow, The surrounding enviroment of further pollution rubbish case.
(8) smell of compression garbage station overflows, and generates serious pollution to surrounding enviroment.
A kind of existing garbage automatic collection device (application number: 201020521080.2), uses buried conveyance conduit And vacuum pump aspirates rubbish, but have the following problems (referring to 16-22 sections of its specification):
1. in aspiration procedure, vacuum pump can not form biggish negative pressure in the outlet end of conveyance conduit, the attraction to rubbish Act on very small, conveyance conduit in easy to form rubbish delay very limited for the suction capactity of heavier rubbish.
2., moreover, because each dustbin is in parallel with conveyance conduit, air is mainly from air inlet since suction capactity is limited Mouth enters, and does not enter from dustbin, and the rubbish in dustbin can not be sucked out for conveyance conduit, needs to pass through self weight by rubbish Conveyance conduit is fallen into, substantially, various paperys, cloth occurs in maximum probability in dustbin, and density is very small, and has centainly Dilatancy can not be fallen by self weight, be easy to be stuck in dustbin, formed rubbish and be detained.
3. the bottom of dustbin needs that valve is arranged, since dustbin is connect with buried conveyance conduit, can not move, because This, maintenance, the repairing of valve are extremely difficult, and the frequency of use of valve is high, bring very big work difficult to maintenance personal Degree.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art and provide a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, system And method, the effect for collecting, transporting rubbish are more preferable.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:
A kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, including cabinet, the cabinet have garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, Rubbish storage storehouse, pressure head drive storehouse, equipment installation bin, and the garbage feeding position in storehouse is described to set in the surface in garbage-compressing storehouse Standby installation bin is located at the surface in pressure head driving storehouse, and the rubbish storage storehouse is adjacent with garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, described Garbage-compressing storehouse is connected to garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse respectively, garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse and Pressure head driving storehouse is combined into gas-tight silo, and the garbage feeding storehouse is separately connected rubbish inlet pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe, and the vacuum is taken out Tracheae will be pumped into negative pressure state, the pressure head driving is equipped with pressure head in storehouse, is used for rubbish for connecting vacuum system in gas-tight silo It in rubbish push-in rubbish storage storehouse and compresses, the hydraulic power unit of pressure head is installed in the equipment installation bin.
A kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility, including suction type garbage collection compression box, the lower part of the cabinet are set There is traveling wheel, further include duct type refuse transport system, docking system,
The docking system includes the support frame of inverted U, and, for suction type garbage collection compression box positioning and guiding Normotopia track, the normotopia track is located at the underface of support frame, support frame as described above be equipped with garbage feeding connector, negative pressure into Vacuum system is arranged in the side of gas connector, support frame, and the outlet side of the vacuum system is connect with atmosphere, the air inlet of vacuum system End is connect by negative pressure ventilation pipe with the outlet side of negative pressure inlet connector, and the inlet end of negative pressure inlet connector is used for and vacuum suction Pipe docking, the negative pressure inlet connector are equipped with negative pressure ventilation gate, the feed end and duct type rubbish of the garbage feeding connector The connection of rubbish Transmission system, the discharge end of the garbage feeding connector with rubbish inlet pipe for docking, the garbage feeding connector It is equipped with garbage feeding gate;
The duct type refuse transport system includes multiple garbage collection buckets erected, each garbage collection bucket respectively with rubbish The feed inlet connection that delivery pipe is correspondingly arranged, the discharge end of refuse conveying pipe are connect with the feed end of garbage feeding connector.
Preferably, the garbage collection bucket even thickness, the lower end of garbage collection bucket are provided with necking pipe, the necking pipe It is connect by branch pipe with refuse conveying pipe, the diameter of the garbage collection bucket is equal to the diameter of necking pipe big end, the branch pipe, rubbish The diameter of rubbish delivery pipe is equal to the diameter of necking pipe small end, and the top of the garbage collection bucket is equipped with feeding door, the feeding door Less than the branch pipe, the diameter of refuse conveying pipe, the branch pipe is embedded in underground.
Preferably, the sensor for measuring rubbish useful load is provided in the garbage collection bucket.
Preferably, it is provided with communication module in the garbage collection bucket, for suction type garbage collection compressibility Control centre sends full signal.
Preferably, the garbage collection bucket is sorting rubbish collecting vessel, all kinds of garbage collection buckets and corresponding suction type rubbish Rubbish collects compression box connection.
A kind of suction type garbage collection compression method, including suction type garbage collection compressibility, method include:
A, rubbish enters bucket
Feeding door is opened, and rubbish is put into garbage collection bucket, rubbish falls under gravity into garbage collection bucket Bucket bottom, part rubbish enter branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe after collapsible tube compresses;
B, it docks
Negative pressure ventilation gate, garbage feeding gate are in close state, and are hooked arm vehicle and are pushed suction type garbage collection compression box It is moved on normotopia track, until rubbish inlet pipe is docked with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe and negative pressure inlet connector pair It connects;
C, gas-tight silo and exhaust-gas treatment are taken out
Negative pressure ventilation gate is opened, vacuum system work extracts the air in gas-tight silo out, until reaching required negative pressure Afterwards, vacuum system stops working, and closes negative pressure ventilation gate, and gas-tight silo is made to form negative pressure state, sets when gas-tight silo pressure is lower than When constant-pressure, vacuum system automatically engages work, guarantees the negative pressure value of gas-tight silo, and the gas that negative pressure is released is useless by being equipped with After the equipment of gas disposal, atmosphere is discharged by exhaust pipe after meet the requirement of environmental protection;
D, rubbish cartonning
When collecting rubbish, the control centre of suction type garbage collection compressibility is by the feeding door of garbage collection bucket to be collected It opens, the feeding door of Other Waste collecting vessel is closed, and garbage feeding gate is opened, and the rubbish in garbage collection bucket to be collected is close It seals under the suction function in storehouse, is inhaled into garbage feeding storehouse along refuse conveying pipe, the rubbish in garbage feeding storehouse is in gravity Under fall into garbage-compressing storehouse, hydraulic power unit drive ram work, by rubbish be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse in and compress, rubbish After cartonning, garbage feeding gate is closed;
E, trunkful shifts
After suction type garbage collection compression box trunkful, suction type garbage collection compression box is directly pulled away using arm vehicle is hooked Transfer, in transfer process, rubbish inlet pipe disengages automatically with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe respectively with negative pressure inlet connector It is automatic to disengage.
Preferably, when the rubbish loaded in garbage collection bucket reaches set amount, the communication module of the garbage collection bucket to The control centre of suction type garbage collection compressibility sends full signal, and control centre carries out rubbish to the garbage collection bucket automatically Rubbish cartonning processing.
Preferably, during rubbish cartonning, if negative pressure value is reduced to limit value, vacuum system is devoted oneself to work, and negative pressure is taken out Gas carries out simultaneously with rubbish conveying.
By adopting the above-described technical solution, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. garbage collection bucket is arranged in resident living area in the present invention, suction type rubbish is arranged in the position far from resident living area Compression box is collected, then rubbish negative pressure is sucked by the gas-tight silo that suction type garbage collection compression box is formed, is prevented traditional Garbage collection bucket pours out the dust pollution generated when rubbish entrucking, influence when mobile tradition garbage collection bucket to road traffic and Pollution, when garbage collecting and transferring, fill rubbish garbage collection bucket it is mobile in the pollution that generates.
2. a part embedment underground of garbage collection bucket, in the case where land occupation table space is little, stowage increases;Separately On the one hand, it since part rubbish sinks to underground, is contacted with air less, has delayed the time of garbage corrosion, increased garbage collecting and transferring Time interval.
3. rubbish is filled to specified position, which can be passed to control system, control system automatically receives rubbish Collection greatly reduces human cost into suction type garbage collection compression box, preferably solves the full rear rubbish of garbage collection barreled The problems such as rubbish overflows.Whether the top of sensor detection garbage collection bucket persistently has rubbish, says if persistently there is rubbish Bright garbage collection barreled is full.
4. pair garbage classification conveys, refuse conveying pipe is connected to corresponding suction type garbage collection compression box, to prevent The problem of original-source by classification, transport loads in mixture.
5. gas-tight silo can be evacuated to very big vacuum state by this patent, very to the attraction of rubbish in garbage collection bucket Greatly, and air containment is substantially greater than the capacity of garbage collection bucket, pipeline, even if after garbage collection bucket is evacuated, however it remains The case where very big negative pressure is not in card rubbish.
6. garbage collection bucket is duct type structure, rubbish resistance is small, further ensures suction type garbage collection compression box Gas-tight silo the case where garbage collection bucket is cleaned, is not in card rubbish.
7. receiving setting in rubbish without valve and various vulnerable parts, sensor and communication module in garbage collection bucket Collect bucket top, it is easy to maintain.
8. collecting rubbish using negative pressure refuse compressor, negative pressure device is by the corresponding sorting rubbish in refuse classification barrel In negative suction formula garbage collection compression box, pressure head carries out compression volume reduction to the rubbish of entrance.Increase the useful load of rubbish.
9. tank body of the suction type garbage collection compression box as negative pressure system, remains negative pressure, so that the cabinet stores Rubbish sewage overflow pollution and odor contamination etc. are not generated to the external world.
10. operation of the present invention is simple, arm vehicle is hooked by suction type garbage collection compression box and directly shifts station, suction type rubbish onto It collects compression box normotopia track and limit point is ajusted into suction type garbage collection compression box position automatically, so that two interface tubes are certainly Dynamic docking.Suction type garbage collection compression box automatically disengages when leaving.
11. negative pressure ventilation pipe and garbage feeding pipe are completely independent, it is equipped with a partition among two nozzles, is simultaneously operable, rubbish Rubbish has certain self weight, into cabinet after automatically fall into bottom, exhaust tube is evacuated in upper end, will not will due to the effect of partition Rubbish is pumped into vacuum system.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of suction type garbage collection compressibility in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of suction type garbage collection compression box in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of duct type refuse transport system in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of suction type garbage collection compressibility (garbage collection state) in the embodiment of the present invention one Figure;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of suction type garbage collection compressibility (waste transportation state) in the embodiment of the present invention one Figure;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of three sort-type suction type garbage collection compressibilities in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of suction type garbage collection compression box in the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 8 is structural schematic diagram (the suction type rubbish receipts of suction type garbage collection compressibility in the embodiment of the present invention two Collection compression box is integrated on rubbish van, and transverse tube does not extend, and rubbish inlet pipe and the collection port of duct type dustbin be not right It connects);
Fig. 9 is structural schematic diagram (the suction type rubbish receipts of suction type garbage collection compressibility in the embodiment of the present invention two Collection compression box is integrated on rubbish van, and after transverse tube elongation, rubbish inlet pipe is docked with the collection port of duct type dustbin);
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram of duct type dustbin.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated for label with reference to the accompanying drawing.
In embodiment one, 1-A, 1-B are garbage collection bucket;2- refuse conveying pipe;3- normotopia track;4- vacuum system;4-1 Exhaust pipe;5- negative pressure ventilation pipe;6- control centre;7- support frame;8- suction type garbage collection compression box;9- garbage feeding connects Head;10- garbage feeding gate;11- negative pressure inlet connector;12- negative pressure ventilation gate;
8-1 back door of rubbish bin;8-2 rubbish storage storehouse;8-3 rubbish inlet pipe;8-4 vacuum exhaust pipe;8-5 access hole A;8- 6 garbage feeding storehouses;8-7 hydraulic power unit;8-8 pressure head;The connector of 8-9 connection control centre;8-10 traveling wheel;8-11 shackle (hooking arm vehicle for connecting);8-12 access hole B;8-13 pressure head drives storehouse;8-14 garbage-compressing storehouse;8-15 partition;
1-1 barrel top cover;1-2 feeding door;1-3 garbage collection bucket;1-4 necking pipe;1-5 branch pipe;1-6 rubbish;1-7 rubbish is defeated Send pipe;The discharge end of 1-8 refuse conveying pipe;1-9 human induction switch or button switch;The antenna of 1-10 communication module.
Embodiment one
Fig. 2, a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, including cabinet are participated in, the cabinet has garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish Compression bin, rubbish storage storehouse, pressure head drive storehouse, equipment installation bin, the garbage feeding position in storehouse in the surface in garbage-compressing storehouse, The equipment installation bin is located at the surface in pressure head driving storehouse, the rubbish storage storehouse and garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse phase Neighbour, the garbage-compressing storehouse are connected to garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse respectively, and garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish are deposited Warehouse and pressure head driving storehouse are combined into gas-tight silo, and the garbage feeding storehouse is separately connected rubbish inlet pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe, described Vacuum exhaust pipe will be pumped into negative pressure state, the pressure head driving is equipped with pressure head in storehouse, uses for connecting vacuum system in gas-tight silo In rubbish to be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and compress, the hydraulic power unit of pressure head is installed in the equipment installation bin.It is described The tail end setting in rubbish storage storehouse has a back door connection, for rubbish to be discharged.
Fig. 1-Fig. 6, a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility, including suction type garbage collection compression box are participated in, it is described The lower part of cabinet is equipped with traveling wheel, further includes duct type refuse transport system, docking system,
The docking system includes the support frame of inverted U, and, for suction type garbage collection compression box positioning and guiding Normotopia track, the normotopia track is located at the underface of support frame, support frame as described above be equipped with garbage feeding connector, negative pressure into Gas connector, the side setting vacuum system (using large-scale vacuum) of support frame, the outlet side of the vacuum system passes through exhaust Pipe is connect with atmosphere, and the inlet end of vacuum system is connect by negative pressure ventilation pipe with the outlet side of negative pressure inlet connector (settable Filter device), for the inlet end of negative pressure inlet connector for docking with vacuum exhaust pipe, the negative pressure inlet connector is equipped with negative pressure It is evacuated gate, the feed end of the garbage feeding connector is connect with duct type refuse transport system, the garbage feeding connector For discharge end for docking with rubbish inlet pipe, the garbage feeding connector is equipped with garbage feeding gate;
The duct type refuse transport system includes multiple garbage collection buckets erected, each garbage collection bucket respectively with rubbish The feed inlet connection that delivery pipe is correspondingly arranged, the discharge end of refuse conveying pipe are connect with the feed end of garbage feeding connector.It is described Garbage collection bucket even thickness, the lower end of garbage collection bucket are provided with necking pipe, and the necking pipe is conveyed by branch pipe and rubbish Pipe connection, the diameter of the garbage collection bucket are equal to the diameter of necking pipe big end, the branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe diameter be equal to The diameter of necking pipe small end, the top of the garbage collection bucket are equipped with feeding door, the width of the feeding door be less than the branch pipe, The diameter of refuse conveying pipe, the branch pipe are embedded in underground.It is provided in the garbage collection bucket for measuring rubbish useful load Sensor, communication module is provided in the garbage collection bucket, for into the control of suction type garbage collection compressibility The heart sends full signal.Garbage collection bucket is equipped with human induction switch, for automatically turning on feeding door.
The garbage collection bucket is sorting rubbish collecting vessel, all kinds of garbage collection buckets and corresponding suction type garbage collection pressure The connection of contracting case.Participating in Fig. 6 is the corresponding three suction type garbage collection compression box of three sort-type sorting rubbish collecting vessels, all kinds of rubbish Collecting vessel is separately connected corresponding suction type garbage collection compression box.
A kind of suction type garbage collection compression method, including suction type garbage collection compressibility, method include:
A, rubbish enters bucket
Feeding door is opened, and rubbish is put into garbage collection bucket, rubbish falls under gravity into garbage collection bucket Bucket bottom, part rubbish enter branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe after collapsible tube compresses;
B, it docks
Negative pressure ventilation gate, garbage feeding gate are in close state, and are hooked arm vehicle and are pushed suction type garbage collection compression box It is moved on normotopia track, until rubbish inlet pipe is docked with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe and negative pressure inlet connector pair It connects;
C, gas-tight silo is taken out
Open negative pressure ventilation gate, vacuum system work, extraction garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, in rubbish storage storehouse Air close negative pressure ventilation gate until vacuum system stops working after reaching required negative pressure, make garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish Rubbish compression bin, rubbish storage storehouse form gas-tight silo;
D, rubbish cartonning
When the rubbish loaded in garbage collection bucket reaches set amount, the communication module of the garbage collection bucket is to suction type rubbish The control centre that rubbish collects compressibility sends full signal, and control centre carries out at rubbish cartonning the garbage collection bucket automatically Reason, when collecting rubbish, the control centre of suction type garbage collection compressibility opens the feeding door of garbage collection bucket to be collected, The feeding door of Other Waste collecting vessel is closed, and garbage feeding gate is opened, and the rubbish in garbage collection bucket to be collected is in gas-tight silo Suction function under, be inhaled into garbage feeding storehouse along refuse conveying pipe, the rubbish in garbage feeding storehouse is fallen under the effect of gravity Enter in garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish is pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and is compressed, rubbish cartonning by the work of hydraulic power unit drive ram After, garbage feeding gate is closed, takes out gas-tight silo again, is prepared for rubbish cartonning next time;During rubbish cartonning, If negative pressure value is reduced to limit value, vacuum system is devoted oneself to work, and negative pressure ventilation carries out simultaneously with rubbish conveying.
E, trunkful shifts
After suction type garbage collection compression box trunkful, suction type garbage collection compression box is directly pulled away using arm vehicle is hooked Transfer, in transfer process, rubbish inlet pipe disengages automatically with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe respectively with negative pressure inlet connector It is automatic to disengage.
Embodiment two
In embodiment two, in attached drawing, 1- rubbish inlet pipe;2- shackle (hooks arm vehicle for connecting);3- air intake duct;4- vacuum System;5- hydraulic power unit;6- garbage feeding storehouse;7- pressure head;8- garbage-compressing storehouse;9- rubbish storage storehouse;10- partition;11- Back door;12- garbage feeding gate;13- power outlet (for allowing vacuum system to connect power supply);14- is fed to interface;Under 15- Installation bin;The upper installation bin of 16-;17- rewinding lid;18- duct type dustbin;19- rubbish van (hooks arm vehicle);18-1 is rubbish Collecting vessel;18-2 is feeding door;18-3 is melt pit;18-4 is branch pipe;18-5 is rewinding mouth;18-6 is rubbish;18-7 is communication The antenna of module.
Referring to Fig. 7, a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, including cabinet, the cabinet have garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish Compression bin, rubbish storage storehouse, equipment installation bin, the equipment installation bin, garbage feeding position in storehouse are in the top in garbage-compressing storehouse, institute It is adjacent with garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse to state rubbish storage storehouse, the garbage-compressing storehouse is deposited with garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish respectively Warehouse connection, the garbage feeding storehouse are separately connected rubbish inlet pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe, and the vacuum exhaust pipe is true for connecting Empty set system, will be pumped into negative pressure state in garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse, the pressure head driving is equipped in storehouse Pressure head is equipped in the garbage-compressing storehouse for rubbish to be pushed into rubbish for rubbish to be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and compress In storage silo and the pressure head that compresses, it is equipped in the garbage-compressing storehouse for rubbish to be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and the pressure of compression Head is equipped with the hydraulic power unit of pressure head in the equipment installation bin.
The equipment installation bin has upper installation bin, lower installation bin, and vacuum system is equipped in the upper installation bin and (is used Vacuum pump), the hydraulic power unit of pressure head is installed, the air entry of the vacuum system passes through air intake duct in the lower installation bin The garbage feeding storehouse is connected, for negative pressure, the vacuum will to be pumped into garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse Atmosphere is discharged into after the gas outlet connection filter device of system, the tail end setting in the rubbish storage storehouse has a back door connection, for rubbish to be discharged Rubbish.Separated between the garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse by partition.Suction type garbage collection compression box is mounted on rubbish and turns It transports on vehicle, the rubbish inlet pipe includes transverse tube, vertical tube, and the transverse tube is located at the top of equipment installation bin, sets on the transverse tube There is stretching structure, the upper end of the vertical tube is connected to transverse tube, and the lower end setting charging of the vertical tube is to interface.In the present embodiment, Garbage feeding gate is set on rubbish inlet pipe, negative pressure ventilation gate is set on vacuum exhaust pipe.
Referring to Fig. 7-Figure 10, a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility, including a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, It further include duct type dustbin, the duct type dustbin includes the garbage collection bucket erected, garbage collection bucket and is connected to Garbage collection bucket, garbage collection bucket lower end connecting tube, form U-shaped duct type dustbin, the connecting tube is embedded in underground, Ground is provided with foundation pit for embedding connecting tube.The upper end of the garbage collection bucket is equipped with feeding door, described for putting into rubbish The upper end of garbage collection bucket is equipped with collection port, and for docking with the rubbish inlet pipe, the collection port is provided with detachable Rewinding lid, for sealing collection port.
The height that the garbage collection bucket bassets is greater than the height that the garbage collection bucket bassets, garbage collection Bucket slightly bassets.The part even thickness that the garbage collection bucket bassets, the garbage collection bucket position is in ground Under part be in up big and down small cone cell, the garbage collection bucket, connecting tube diameter be equal to garbage collection bucket the lowermost it is straight Diameter, the bore of the feeding door are less than the diameter of the garbage collection bucket, connecting tube, rubbish are allow to pass through duct type rubbish Rubbish bucket.The garbage collection bucket is set to residential block, and the garbage collection bucket is far from residential block.
The sensor for measuring rubbish useful load is provided in the duct type dustbin.In the duct type dustbin It is provided with communication module, for sending rubbish useful load information to the communication device of garbage collecting and transferring personnel, communication module Antenna stretches out duct type dustbin.Rubbish is transmitted to the mobile phone for receiving fortune personnel by 4G network after filling with short message.The pipeline Formula dustbin is classification garbage can, and various pipes formula dustbin is respectively provided with the collection port of different size, the rubbish inlet pipe Upper corresponding collection port setting charging is to interface.In the present embodiment, suction type garbage collection compression box is integrated on rubbish van, Mobile receive is convenient for transport.
A kind of suction type garbage collection compression method, comprising the following steps:
S1, rubbish storage storehouse is vacuumized
Garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish pressure are extracted in garbage feeding closing gate, negative pressure ventilation gate opening, vacuum system work out Air in contracting storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse, after the negative pressure for reaching required, vacuum system stops working, and negative pressure ventilation gate closes It closes, garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse is made to form gas-tight silo;
S2, rubbish in duct type dustbin is inputted in rubbish storage storehouse
The rewinding lid of duct type dustbin is removed, the feeding door of garbage collection bucket is opened, by rubbish inlet pipe and pipeline The collection port of formula dustbin docks (needing to seal at docking);
Garbage feeding controls door and opens, and negative pressure ventilation closing gate state is connected to rubbish inlet pipe with garbage feeding storehouse, Rubbish in duct type dustbin is inhaled into garbage feeding storehouse under the action of negative-pressure sucking;
Rubbish in garbage feeding storehouse is fallen under gravity into garbage-compressing storehouse, hydraulic power unit drive ram work Make, rubbish is pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and is compressed.The stroke of pressure head garbage feeding storehouse lower ending opening range, with rubbish Rubbish increases in storage silo, and pressure head can generate compression to rubbish;
After one dustbin is evacuated, very big negative pressure is still had in gas-tight silo, closes garbage feeding gate at this time, after It is continuous that gas-tight silo is evacuated to required negative pressure, convenient for being aspirated to next dustbin.
Finally, it is stated that preferred embodiment above is only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and not to limit it, although logical It crosses above preferred embodiment the present invention is described in detail, however, those skilled in the art should understand that, can be Various changes are made to it in form and in details, without departing from claims of the present invention limited range.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of suction type garbage collection compression box, it is characterised in that: including cabinet, the cabinet has garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish Rubbish compression bin, rubbish storage storehouse, pressure head drive storehouse, equipment installation bin, the garbage feeding position in storehouse in garbage-compressing storehouse just on Side, the equipment installation bin are located at the surface in pressure head driving storehouse, the rubbish storage storehouse and garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse Adjacent, the garbage-compressing storehouse is connected to garbage feeding storehouse, rubbish storage storehouse respectively, garbage feeding storehouse, garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish Storage silo and pressure head driving storehouse are combined into gas-tight silo, and the garbage feeding storehouse is separately connected rubbish inlet pipe, vacuum exhaust pipe, institute It states vacuum exhaust pipe to be used to connect vacuum system, negative pressure state will be pumped into gas-tight silo, the pressure head driving is equipped with pressure head in storehouse, For rubbish to be pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and compress, the hydraulic power unit of pressure head is installed in the equipment installation bin.
2. a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility, it is characterised in that: including suction type garbage collection described in claim 1 Compression box, the lower part of the cabinet are equipped with traveling wheel, further include duct type refuse transport system, docking system,
The docking system includes the support frame of inverted U, and, for suction type garbage collection compression box positioning and guiding just Position track, the normotopia track are located at the underface of support frame, and support frame as described above is equipped with garbage feeding connector, negative pressure inlet connects Vacuum system is arranged in the side of head, support frame, and the outlet side of the vacuum system is connect with atmosphere, and the inlet end of vacuum system is logical It crosses negative pressure ventilation pipe to connect with the outlet side of negative pressure inlet connector, the inlet end of negative pressure inlet connector is used for and vacuum exhaust pipe pair It connects, the negative pressure inlet connector is equipped with negative pressure ventilation gate, and the feed end and duct type rubbish of the garbage feeding connector pass Defeated system connection, the discharge end of the garbage feeding connector are set on the garbage feeding connector for docking with rubbish inlet pipe There is garbage feeding gate;
The duct type refuse transport system includes multiple garbage collection buckets erected, and each garbage collection bucket is conveyed with rubbish respectively The feed inlet connection that pipe is correspondingly arranged, the discharge end of refuse conveying pipe are connect with the feed end of garbage feeding connector.
3. a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the garbage collection bucket Even thickness, the lower end of garbage collection bucket are provided with necking pipe, and the necking pipe is connect by branch pipe with refuse conveying pipe, described The diameter of garbage collection bucket be equal to necking pipe big end diameter, the branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe diameter be equal to necking pipe small end Diameter, the top of the garbage collection bucket is equipped with feeding door, the feeding door be less than the branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe it is straight Diameter, the branch pipe are embedded in underground.
4. a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the garbage collection bucket Inside it is provided with the sensor for measuring rubbish useful load.
5. a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the garbage collection bucket It is inside provided with communication module, for sending full signal to the control centre of suction type garbage collection compressibility.
6. a kind of suction type garbage collection compressibility according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the garbage collection bucket For sorting rubbish collecting vessel, all kinds of garbage collection buckets are connected with corresponding suction type garbage collection compression box.
7. a kind of suction type garbage collection compression method, which is characterized in that including suction type garbage collection as claimed in claim 2 Compressibility, method include:
A, rubbish enters bucket
Feeding door is opened, and rubbish is put into garbage collection bucket, and rubbish falls under gravity into the bucket bottom of garbage collection bucket, Part rubbish enters branch pipe, refuse conveying pipe after collapsible tube compresses;
B, it docks
Negative pressure ventilation gate, garbage feeding gate are in close state, and are hooked arm vehicle and are pushed suction type garbage collection compression box just It is moved on the track of position, until rubbish inlet pipe is docked with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe is docked to negative pressure inlet connector Position;
C, gas-tight silo and exhaust-gas treatment are taken out
Negative pressure ventilation gate is opened, vacuum system work extracts the air in gas-tight silo out, after the negative pressure for reaching required, very Empty system stalls close negative pressure ventilation gate, and gas-tight silo is made to form negative pressure state, when gas-tight silo pressure is lower than setting pressure When, vacuum system automatically engages work, guarantees the negative pressure value of gas-tight silo, the gas that negative pressure is released, by being equipped with exhaust-gas treatment Equipment after, atmosphere is discharged by exhaust pipe after meet the requirement of environmental protection;
D, rubbish cartonning
When collecting rubbish, the feeding door of garbage collection bucket to be collected is beaten by the control centre of suction type garbage collection compressibility It opens, the feeding door of Other Waste collecting vessel is closed, and garbage feeding gate is opened, and the rubbish in garbage collection bucket to be collected is sealing It under the suction function in storehouse, is inhaled into garbage feeding storehouse along refuse conveying pipe, the rubbish in garbage feeding storehouse is under the effect of gravity It falls into garbage-compressing storehouse, rubbish is pushed into rubbish storage storehouse and is compressed by the work of hydraulic power unit drive ram, and rubbish enters After case, garbage feeding gate is closed;
E, trunkful shifts
After suction type garbage collection compression box trunkful, turned using hooking arm vehicle and directly pulling away suction type garbage collection compression box Move, in transfer process, rubbish inlet pipe disengages automatically with garbage feeding connector, vacuum exhaust pipe respectively with negative pressure inlet connector oneself It is dynamic to disengage.
8. a kind of suction type garbage collection compression method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: when in garbage collection bucket When the rubbish of loading reaches set amount, the communication module of the garbage collection bucket is into the control of suction type garbage collection compressibility The heart sends full signal, and control centre carries out rubbish cartonning processing to the garbage collection bucket automatically.
9. a kind of suction type garbage collection compression method according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: in rubbish cartonning process In, if negative pressure value is reduced to limit value, vacuum system is devoted oneself to work, and negative pressure ventilation carries out simultaneously with rubbish conveying.
CN201910784781.0A 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Suction type garbage collection compression box, system and method Pending CN110386387A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111470221A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-31 王富富 Novel be used for public medical waste classification transport vechicle
CN111483731A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-04 佛山科学技术学院 Intelligent garbage disposal vehicle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111483731A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-04 佛山科学技术学院 Intelligent garbage disposal vehicle
CN111470221A (en) * 2020-04-30 2020-07-31 王富富 Novel be used for public medical waste classification transport vechicle

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