CN208826217U - A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center - Google Patents

A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208826217U
CN208826217U CN201821669587.5U CN201821669587U CN208826217U CN 208826217 U CN208826217 U CN 208826217U CN 201821669587 U CN201821669587 U CN 201821669587U CN 208826217 U CN208826217 U CN 208826217U
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China
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workpiece
machining center
polishing
unloading device
automatic loading
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CN201821669587.5U
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吴承友
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Friends Of Jiaxing Sheng Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Friends Of Jiaxing Sheng Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center, belongs to field of mechanical technique.The automatic loading and unloading device of this machining center, including the cabinet with cavity, the partition that cavity can be divided into upper plenum and lower cavity is fixed in the middle part of cabinet, it is characterized in that, a mounting hole is offered in the middle part of the partition, periphery on partition positioned at mounting hole offers several placing grooves, interval is equipped with upper flitch and blanking plate in placing groove, array offers several mounting grooves one in upper flitch, array offers several mounting grooves two on blanking plate, the partition, which is equipped with, by workpiece automatic Picking to be processed in upper flitch and to be delivered to machining center and the workpiece automatic Picking that can will process and be returned to the manipulator on blanking plate;The lower section of the mounting hole is equipped with the workpiece polishing mechanism that deburring can be carried out to the workpiece completed the process.The utility model can be realized workpiece feeding, deburring and the full-automation of blanking, improve working efficiency.

Description

A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of mechanical technique, is related to a kind of handling equipment, especially a kind of machining center from Dynamic handling equipment.
Background technique
Machining center is a kind of supermatic multifunctional numerical control machine with tool magazine and automatic tool changer.Workpiece For work in-process in the heart after clamped one time, numerical control system can control lathe by different processes, automatically select and replace cutter, The automatic motion profile and other auxiliary machine energy for changing machine spindle speed, the amount of feeding and cutter opposite piece, is sequentially completed work The processing of multi-process on the several faces of part.And there are many tool changing or knife function is selected, so that production efficiency be made to greatly improve.
Machining center is since the collection of process neutralizes automatic tool changer, whens reducing clamping, measurement and setting for machine of workpiece etc. Between, so that the cutting time of lathe is reached 80% or so (machine tool is only 15~20%) of lathe running time;Also subtract simultaneously Workpiece turnover, carrying and the resting period between process are lacked, have shortened the production cycle, there is apparent economic effect.Processing Center is suitable for part shape is more complicated, required precision is higher, the frequent small batch production of replacement of products.
Utilizing machining center, in workpiece process, workpiece before processing, needs to take workpiece from loading plate Out, it and is transported on the processing platform of machining center, carries out the processing of workpiece;After workpiece completes processing in machining center, There can be more or less burr on the finished surface or seamed edge of workpiece, this just needs to be removed workpiece the behaviour of burr Make process;Workpiece needs to remove workpiece from the equipment for go flash removed after removing flash removed, and is placed on discharge tray, from And realize feeding, deburring and the blanking of workpiece.
But in the prior art, the processes such as the feeding of workpiece, deburring and blanking are typically all to use manual operation , not only large labor intensity, and working efficiency is low.With the development of science and technology the process for feeding and blanking occur is realized certainly It is dynamic to pick up, but the process of deburring be it is manually-operated, only realize semi-automation, still there is large labor intensity, work The shortcomings that making low efficiency.
So for those skilled in the art, there are also it is yet-to-be developed can feeding, deburring and blanking to workpiece it is real Existing full-automatic equipment, to reduce the labor intensity of worker, while improving the processing efficiency of workpiece.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is the presence of the above problem in view of the prior art, proposes a kind of the automatic of machining center Handling equipment, technical problem to be solved in the utility model are how to realize the automatic charging of workpiece, deburring and automatic Blanking.
The purpose of this utility model can be realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of automatic loading/unloading dress of machining center It sets, including the cabinet with cavity, the partition that cavity can be divided into upper plenum and lower cavity is fixed in the middle part of cabinet, It being characterized in that, a mounting hole is offered in the middle part of the partition, and the periphery that mounting hole is located on partition offers several placing grooves, Interval is equipped with upper flitch and blanking plate in the placing groove, and array offers several for placing workpiece to be processed in upper flitch Mounting groove one, array offers several mounting grooves two that workpiece is completed the process for placing on blanking plate, sets on the partition Having by workpiece automatic Picking to be processed in upper flitch and can be delivered to machining center and the workpiece that can will process is automatic It picks up and is returned to the manipulator on blanking plate;The lower section of the mounting hole is equipped with and can go to the workpiece completed the process The workpiece polishing mechanism of burr.
The automatic loading and unloading device of this machining center, its working principle is that in this way: firstly, workpiece to be processed is placed into In mounting groove one in upper flitch, then upper flitch is placed into placing groove, while placing blanking plate in adjacent placing groove; Then, under the action of manipulator, workpiece to be processed can be picked up and is delivered in machining center, to work to be processed Part is processed using machining center;Then, under the action of manipulator, the workpiece completed by Cutter Body Processing with Machining Center is taken out And it is delivered in mounting hole, and deburring processing is carried out to the workpiece completed the process using workpiece polishing mechanism;Finally, utilizing manipulator The workpiece for removing flash removed is put back in the mounting groove two on blanking plate, blanking plate is taken out, complete workpiece feeding, deburring and under The full-automatic operation of material.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the workpiece polishing mechanism includes being fixed on the bottom of box Bottom plate is fixed with polishing box on the bottom plate, and the side for box of polishing opens up the opening that workpiece can be made to enter polishing, opening it is upper Lower two sides are respectively and fixedly provided with silk hair, and polishing motor is fixed with below box of polishing, the output shaft for motor of polishing straight up and export The end of axis is fixed with wire wheel, and wire wheel is in polishing box, and being additionally provided on the bottom plate can make workpiece in polishing box Middle movement makes it remove the dynamic structure of flash removed.
Polishing motor is opened, and the wire wheel rotation on motor output shaft that makes to polish, while the workpiece completed the process being stretched Enter into the opening of polishing box, and make to contact containing jagged part with wire wheel on workpiece, under the action of dynamic structure, just Workpiece itself can be made to rotate, while workpiece can also be made slowly close to wire wheel, thus by burr remaining on workpiece Removal, and silk hair can then prevent the burr splatter polished, and complete the polishing operation of workpiece.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the dynamic structure includes the folder being fixed on bottom plate Has motor, the output shaft end of clamp motor is provided with sliding block, is further fixed on the bottom plate equal with the polishing opening of box The basal sliding of capable guide rail, the sliding block is arranged on guide rail, and rotary electric machine, rotary electric machine are fixed at the top of the sliding block Output shaft on be provided with fixture, one end of fixture has the opening for installing workpiece, and the opening of fixture and polishing box Opening is oppositely arranged, and the other end of fixture has can be by Workpiece clamping or the clamp cylinder of release.
Under the action of clamp motor, sliding block can be made to slide along the length direction of guide rail, realize linear motion;Turning Under the action of dynamic motor, fixture can be made to rotate, so that fixture and workpiece be driven to rotate together.Due to rotary electric machine It is fixed on sliding block, comprehensive clamp motor and rotary electric machine, can realize the own rotation of workpiece and in polishing box Horizontal movement in opening, to realize that workpiece removes flash removed.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, is offered on the wall box and place slot number Equal window one is hinged with windowpane in the window.Windowpane is opened, upper flitch or blanking plate may be implemented It is placed and taken out.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, one is offered on the wall box can be by workpiece The window two for being input to machining center or being taken out from machining center.By window two, machining center may be implemented and loading and unloading fill Connection between setting, to be conducive to the conveying of workpiece.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the quantity of the placing groove is even number.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the quantity of the placing groove is four or six.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, array manner of the mounting groove one in upper flitch It is laterally seven, vertical six;Array manner of the mounting groove two on blanking plate is laterally seven, vertical six.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the placing groove is in rectangle.
In the automatic loading and unloading device of above-mentioned machining center, the mounting groove one and mounting groove two are rounded.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage that
1, the automatic charging of workpiece to be processed may be implemented by upper flitch and manipulator for the utility model, to improve work The working efficiency of part processing.
2, the utility model may be implemented to complete the process the automatic blanking of workpiece by blanking plate and manipulator, to improve The working efficiency of work pieces process.
3, circumferentially rotating for fixture may be implemented by rotary electric machine in the utility model, to realize work to be de-burred Part circumferentially rotates;The horizontal rectilinear motion of fixture may be implemented by clamp motor, guide rail and sliding block;It can be with by polishing motor It realizes wire wheel high-speed rotation, is realized when workpiece is close to wire wheel and flash removed is quickly gone to workpiece.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of workpiece polishing mechanism in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of internal structure of workpiece polishing mechanism in the utility model.
In figure, 1, cabinet;2, partition;3, mounting hole;4, placing groove;5, upper flitch;6, blanking plate;7, manipulator;8, bottom Plate;9, polishing box;10, silk hair;11, clamp motor;12, sliding block;13, guide rail;14, clamp cylinder;15, rotary electric machine;16, it presss from both sides Tool;17, polishing motor;18, wire wheel;19, window one;20, window two.
Specific embodiment
It is specific embodiment of the utility model and in conjunction with attached drawing below, the technical solution of the utility model is made further Description, but the utility model is not limited to these examples.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center, including the cabinet with cavity, the middle part of cabinet It is fixed with the partition that cavity can be divided into upper plenum and lower cavity, offers a mounting hole in the middle part of partition, partition is upper It opens up in the periphery of mounting hole there are four rectangular placing groove, interval is equipped with upper flitch and blanking plate in placing groove.On Array offers several mounting grooves one for placing workpiece to be processed on flitch, and mounting groove one is rounded, and mounting groove one is in feeding Array manner on plate is laterally seven, vertical six.On blanking plate array offer it is several for place complete the process workpiece Mounting groove two, mounting groove two is rounded, and array manner of the mounting groove two on blanking plate is laterally seven, vertical six.Cabinet Opened up on side wall there are four window one, windowpane be hinged in window one, open windowpane, may be implemented upper flitch or under Flitch is placed and taken out.Offered on wall box one workpiece can be input to machining center or from machining center take out The connection between machining center and handling equipment may be implemented by window two in window two, to be conducive to the conveying of workpiece.
As shown in Figure 1, partition is equipped with a manipulator, manipulator is the existing product on existing market, it can be incited somebody to action Workpiece automatic Picking to be processed and machining center is delivered in upper flitch, additionally it is possible to which the workpiece processed is delivered to mounting hole In be removed the operation of burr, while by the workpiece automatic Picking processed and can also be returned on blanking plate.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the lower section of mounting hole is equipped with the sander that deburring can be carried out to the workpiece completed the process Structure, workpiece polishing mechanism include the bottom plate for being fixed on the bottom of box, polishing box are fixed on bottom plate, the side for box of polishing, which opens up, can make work Part enters the opening of polishing, and the two sides up and down of opening are respectively and fixedly provided with silk hair, and polishing motor, polishing electricity are fixed with below box of polishing The output shaft of machine is straight up and the end of output shaft is fixed with wire wheel, and wire wheel is in polishing box, is additionally provided on bottom plate Workpiece can be made to move the dynamic structure for making it remove flash removed in polishing box.Polishing motor is opened, and makes motor output of polishing Wire wheel rotation on axis, the workpiece completed the process is extend into the opening of polishing box, and make on workpiece containing jagged portion It point is contacted with wire wheel, can be so that workpiece itself rotate under the action of dynamic structure, while can also make slowly to lean on Nearly wire wheel, so that burr remaining on workpiece is removed, and silk hair can then prevent the burr splatter polished, and complete work The polishing operation of part.Specifically, dynamic structure includes the clamp motor being fixed on bottom plate by bolt and nut, clamp motor Output shaft end be provided with sliding block, the guide rail parallel with the polishing opening of box, cunning are fixed on bottom plate by bolt and nut The basal sliding of block is arranged on guide rail, and the top of sliding block is fixed with rotary electric machine, the output of rotary electric machine by bolt and nut Fixture is provided on axis, one end of fixture has the opening for installing workpiece, and the opening phase of the opening of fixture and polishing box To setting, the other end of fixture has can be by Workpiece clamping or the clamp cylinder of release.It, can under the action of clamp motor So that sliding block is slided along the length direction of guide rail, linear motion is realized;Under the action of rotary electric machine, fixture can be made Rotation, so that fixture and workpiece be driven to rotate together.Since rotary electric machine is fixed on sliding block, comprehensive clamp motor And rotary electric machine, the own rotation that can realize workpiece and the horizontal movement in the opening of polishing box, to realize that workpiece is gone Flash removed.
The automatic loading and unloading device of this machining center, its working principle is that in this way: firstly, workpiece to be processed is placed into In mounting groove one in upper flitch, then upper flitch is placed into placing groove, while placing blanking plate in adjacent placing groove; Then, under the action of manipulator, workpiece to be processed can be picked up and is delivered in machining center, to work to be processed Part is processed using machining center;Then, under the action of manipulator, the workpiece completed by Cutter Body Processing with Machining Center is taken out And it is delivered in mounting hole, and deburring is carried out to the workpiece completed the process using clamp motor, rotary electric machine and polishing motor Processing;Finally, being put back to the workpiece for removing flash removed in the mounting groove two on blanking plate using manipulator, blanking plate is taken out, it is complete At workpiece feeding, deburring and the full-automatic operation of blanking.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely examples of the spirit of the present invention.The utility model institute Belonging to those skilled in the art can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or using similar Mode substitute, but without departing from the spirit of the present application or beyond the scope of the appended claims.
Although 1, cabinet is used more herein;2, partition;3, mounting hole;4, placing groove;5, upper flitch;6, blanking Plate;7, manipulator;8, bottom plate;9, polishing box;10, silk hair;11, clamp motor;12, sliding block;13, guide rail;14, clamp cylinder; 15, rotary electric machine;16, fixture;17, polishing motor;18, wire wheel;19, window one;20, the second-class term of window, but do not arrange A possibility that except other terms are used.The use of these items is only for be more convenient to describe and explain the sheet of the utility model Matter;It is contrary to the spirit of the present invention to interpret them as any one of the additional limitations.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center, including the cabinet with cavity, being fixed in the middle part of cabinet can be incited somebody to action Cavity is divided into the partition of upper plenum and lower cavity, which is characterized in that a mounting hole is offered in the middle part of the partition, on partition Several placing grooves are offered positioned at the periphery of mounting hole, interval is equipped with upper flitch and blanking plate, feeding in the placing groove Array offers several mounting grooves one for placing workpiece to be processed on plate, and array offers several for placing processing on blanking plate The mounting groove two of workpiece is completed, the partition is equipped with and by workpiece automatic Picking to be processed in upper flitch and can be delivered to Machining center and by the workpiece automatic Picking processed and the manipulator on blanking plate can be returned to;Under the mounting hole Side is equipped with the workpiece polishing mechanism that deburring can be carried out to the workpiece completed the process.
2. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the workpiece polishing mechanism packet The bottom plate for being fixed on the bottom of box is included, polishing box is fixed on the bottom plate, the side for box of polishing, which opens up, so that workpiece is entered The two sides up and down of the opening of polishing, opening are respectively and fixedly provided with silk hair, and polishing motor is fixed with below box of polishing, motor of polishing it is defeated Shaft is straight up and the end of output shaft is fixed with wire wheel, and wire wheel is in polishing box, is additionally provided on the bottom plate Workpiece can be made to move the dynamic structure for making it remove flash removed in polishing box.
3. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the dynamic structure packet The clamp motor being fixed on bottom plate is included, the output shaft end of clamp motor is provided with sliding block, is further fixed on the bottom plate The basal sliding of the guide rail parallel with the polishing opening of box, the sliding block is arranged on guide rail, and the top of the sliding block is fixed There is rotary electric machine, fixture is provided on the output shaft of rotary electric machine, one end of fixture has the opening for installing workpiece, and presss from both sides The opening of tool and the opening of polishing box are oppositely arranged, and the other end of fixture has can be by Workpiece clamping or the fixture gas of release Cylinder.
4. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the cabinet The window one equal with slot number is placed is offered on side wall, is hinged with windowpane in the window one.
5. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the cabinet A window two that workpiece can be input to machining center or taken out from machining center is offered on side wall.
6. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the placement The quantity of slot is even number.
7. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the number of the placing groove Amount is four or six.
8. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, which is characterized in that the installation Array manner of the slot one in upper flitch is laterally seven, vertical six;Array manner of the mounting groove two on blanking plate is cross To seven, vertical six.
9. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the placing groove is in square Shape.
10. the automatic loading and unloading device of machining center according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the mounting groove one It is rounded with mounting groove two.
CN201821669587.5U 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center Active CN208826217U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821669587.5U CN208826217U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821669587.5U CN208826217U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208826217U true CN208826217U (en) 2019-05-07

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821669587.5U Active CN208826217U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device of machining center

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208826217U (en)

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