CN208434561U - A kind of automatic breeding unit - Google Patents

A kind of automatic breeding unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208434561U
CN208434561U CN201820711065.0U CN201820711065U CN208434561U CN 208434561 U CN208434561 U CN 208434561U CN 201820711065 U CN201820711065 U CN 201820711065U CN 208434561 U CN208434561 U CN 208434561U
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China
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cultivation
cabinet
group
cleaning
cultivation cabinet
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CN201820711065.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
古群红
李勇
郭建谊
于方兆
盘润洪
刘湘
李望东
陈创华
骆明飞
曾晓辉
梁国平
李驰
谢小意
陈川雁
陈成
容标
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Zhuhai modern agricultural development center
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Zhuhai modern agricultural development center
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic breeding units, including pedestal, cultivate cabinet and the cleaning group for clearing up and extracting out cultivation cabinet bottom waste, inlet pipeline is connected on the cultivation cabinet, the cultivation cabinet exit end is hinged on pedestal, the cultivation cabinet other end is mounted on pedestal by lifting group, the cleaning group is reciprocally slided in the cultivation bottom of box, the cultivation tank outlet is provided with interception group, and the interception group is equipped with the filter screen for being used for water and the partition for sealing cultivation tank outlet.This automatic breeding unit carries out the excreta and swill that cleaning is deposited on the cultivation bottom of box using cleaning group, due to ensure that the cleaning of water body by the way of absorbing;Secondly, one end of cultivation cabinet is gone up and down by lifting group, realizes when harvesting finished product aquatic products without artificially harvesting one by one, improve the efficiency of harvest, also avoid injuring aquatic products during harvest.

Description

A kind of automatic breeding unit
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of aquaculture more particularly to a kind of automatic breeding units.
Background technique
Aquatic products industrial aquaculture also known as circulating water cultivation, industrial aquaculture refer to building, electromechanical, chemistry, automatic control The subjects principles such as system are carried out water quality, water temperature, water flow, bait throwing in, the blowdown etc. in aquaculture production semi-automatic or full-automatic Change management, maintain best physiology, the ecological environment of fish always, to reach health, fast-growth and improve to greatest extent single Position water body kind produces yield and quality, and does not generate a kind of inside and outside efficient breeding way polluted of cultivating system.Currently, batch production Cultivation has reached the semi-automatic management level such as control water quality, water temperature, oxygenation, but the mesh of fully automated management is much not achieved , discharge, the collection processing of waste, the recycling of finished product aquatic products are selected etc. especially during cultivation, it is necessary to be taken a large amount of Artificial to carry out, this also constrains the full-automatic process of aquaculture significantly.
Domestic fishery industrial aquaculture majority is still in the starting stage, and the Facilities serialized for cultivating factory is not perfect, and scientific research is stagnant Afterwards in production, water purification technology is also relatively backward, and cultivation water is poor, and stocking density is small, and feed coefficient is high, and disease takes place frequently, The development of culture fishery is directly affected, and no matter is harvested in Water-quality control and the cultivation finished product in later period, cultivation is single at present Member is all to lead to labour cost height by manual control and operation;And cannot achieve large-scale cultivation, also lead to the effect of cultivation It is beneficial low.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides one kind can harvest finished product aquatic products automatically, can Automatically the automatic breeding unit cleared up.
The utility model solves technical solution used by its technical problem are as follows:
A kind of automatic breeding unit, including pedestal, cultivation cabinet and useless for clearing up and extracting out cultivation cabinet bottom The cleaning group of object is connected with inlet pipeline on the cultivation cabinet, and the cultivation cabinet exit end is hinged on pedestal, described The cultivation cabinet other end is mounted on pedestal by lifting group, and the cleaning group, which is reciprocally slided, is cultivating the bottom of box, described Cultivation tank outlet is provided with interception group, and the interception group is equipped with the filter screen for being used for water and goes out for sealing cultivation cabinet The partition of mouth, the partition and filter screen are liftably inserted into cultivation tank outlet.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the interception group is provided with the promotion electricity of support frame and setting on the support frame Machine, the promotion motor is down-set, and output end is separately connected the top of partition and filter screen.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, it is equipped with notch vertically on the two sidewalls of the cultivation tank outlet, it is described The two sides of partition and filter screen are inserted into notch.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the notch includes open slot for inserting filter screen and for inserting The outer side of cultivation tank outlet is arranged in the seal groove of partition, the seal groove.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the seal groove is equipped with opening portion and limiting section, is arranged on the opening portion There is gasket, the partition, which is located in limiting section, is provided with limit column cap.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the lifting group includes hydraulic device, sliding shoe and is arranged on pedestal Sliding rail, one end of the hydraulic device be hinged on cultivation cabinet on, the other end can be slidably mounted on sliding rail by sliding shoe.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the cleaning group includes crossbearer in the cultivation bottom of box cleaning bar, setting Cleaning bar lower part two sides hairbrush and be arranged between the hairbrush of two sides for absorbing the absorber of waste, the cleaning bar can It reciprocatingly slides in the cultivation bottom of box, by delivery pipe cultivation cabinet is discharged in waste by the absorber.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the cultivation cabinet is equipped with the promotion electricity for pushing cleaning bar to slide Machine.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the cultivation cabinet upper shelf is equipped with fixed frame, and the fixed frame can walk On cultivation cabinet, the fixed frame be equipped with to water body carry out the automatic aerator of oxygenation, the feeding tank for feeding feed and The input terminal of dredge pump, the dredge pump is connect with delivery pipe.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the cultivation tank outlet is provided with collecting tank, the bottom of the collecting tank It is mounted on pedestal, the top of the collecting tank, which is equipped with, places the curved portion that aquatic products are jumped out.
The beneficial effects of the utility model have:
Cleaning group is arranged on cultivation cabinet in this automatic breeding unit, carries out cleaning using cleaning group and is deposited on box for breeding The excreta and swill of body bottom, due to using absorb by the way of, avoid cleaning group in moving process, excreta and Swill is diffused with the flowing of water body, avoid cleaning it is unclean, ensure that the cleaning of water body;Secondly, cultivation One end of cabinet is gone up and down by lifting group, quickly, is accurately harvested by way of assembly line, is not necessarily in the whole process It artificially operates one by one, improves the efficiency of harvest, also avoid injuring aquatic products during harvest;Furthermore interception group uses partition It is designed with the structure of filter screen, filter screen cooperates cleaning group during cleaning, and the water body of bottom dirt is quickly discharged, ensure that upper layer The cleaning of water body, partition can effectively seal cultivation cabinet, and long-time flowing water is avoided to reduce the water level in cultivation unit.This is supported It is simple to grow cellular construction, can clear up and harvest automatically, can effectively solve to be difficult to realize automate in current factory's cultivation to support The problem grown.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to the accompanying drawing and specific embodiment the utility model is described in further detail, in which:
Fig. 1 is the cross-sectional view of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the partial structural diagram in Fig. 2 at A;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of cleaning group in the utility model embodiment.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, a kind of automatic breeding unit of the utility model, including pedestal 1, cultivation cabinet 2 and use It is connected with inlet pipeline 4 in the cleaning group 3 for clearing up and extracting out cultivation 2 bottom waste of cabinet, on the cultivation cabinet 2, wherein into Water lines 4 are attached by control valve, inlet pipeline 4 be connected to cultivation cabinet 2 side wall on, control valve by Master Control Center into Row control opening and closing, realizes automation moisturizing.In addition, cultivation 2 inner wall of cabinet is equipped with several temperature inductors, temperature sense is utilized Device can incude in real time cultivation cabinet 2 in water temperature, in addition, cultivation cabinet 2 in equipped with cool and heat inner wall circuit or Person's heat exchange pipe, facilitates and is controlled, and guarantees water temperature in suitable range.2 exit end of the cultivation cabinet hinge It connects on the pedestal 1,2 other end of cultivation cabinet is installed on the pedestal 1 by lifting group 5, and the cleaning group 3 is reciprocally slided In cultivation 2 bottom of cabinet, the outlet of cultivation cabinet 2 is provided with interception group 6, and the interception group 6 is equipped with the filtering for being used for water Net 61 and the partition 62 exported for sealing cultivation cabinet 2, the partition 62 and filter screen 61 are liftably inserted into feeding Grow the outlet of cabinet 2.The outlet of cultivation cabinet 2 is provided with collecting tank 8, and the position of collecting tank 8 is lower than the height that cultivation cabinet 2 exports Degree, wherein the outlet of cultivation cabinet 2 is connect with side wall one end of collecting tank 8, the bottom of the collecting tank 8 is installed on the pedestal 1, institute The top for stating collecting tank 8, which is equipped with, places the curved portion that aquatic products are jumped out, and can be effectively prevented using curved portion in harvest aquatic products When, aquatic products jump out collecting tank 8, and wherein aquatic products can be flowed automatically in collecting tank 8, eventually flow to a collecting and distributing pond In, it is convenient manually to carry out salvaging capture and the processing in later period.In the present embodiment, it can be set side by side using multiple cultivation units It sets or Multi-layer design, 8 need of collecting tank shares one simultaneously, realize the common management of more cultivation units, improve feeding The benefit grown.
Wherein in the present invention, referring to Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the interception group 6 is provided with support frame 63 and setting is supporting Promotion motor 64 on frame 63, the promotion motor 64 is down-set, and output end is separately connected partition 62 and filter screen 61 Top.Described cultivate is equipped with notch 21 vertically on the two sidewalls that cabinet 2 exports, the two sides of the partition 62 and filter screen 61 are equal It is inserted into notch 21.The notch 21 includes open slot 22 for inserting filter screen 61 and for inserting the close of partition 62 Sealing groove 23, the seal groove 23 are arranged in cultivation cabinet 2 and export outer side.The seal groove 23 is equipped with 231 He of opening portion Limiting section 232 is provided with gasket 233 on the opening portion 231, and the partition 62, which is located in limiting section 232, is provided with limit Column cap is designed using such structure, so that it may is effectively sealed cultivation cabinet 2 and be exported, prevent leak.
Wherein in the utility model, filter screen 61 is equipped with several groups, wherein the mesh number of different filter screens 61 is inconsistent, it can To be configured according to the size of the growth stage of aquaculture individual.It is designed using the structure of filter screen 61, main purpose is as follows: In cleaning group 3 when cultivating 2 bottom of cabinet progress Mobile cleaning, promotes motor 64 and upgrade one section of partition 62, so that dirty Turbid water body can be discharged through filter screen 61, and cultivating 2 aquatic products individual of cabinet cannot be by this filter screen 61;61 row of filter screen The water body of bottom dirt out may can greatly clear up water body, keep the cleaning of water body.
With further reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, lifting group described in the utility model 5 include hydraulic device 51, sliding shoe 52 and Sliding rail 53 on the pedestal 1 is set, and one end of the hydraulic device 51 is hinged on cultivation cabinet 2, and the other end passes through sliding shoe 52 can be slidably mounted on sliding rail 53.Toppled over using the flexible control cultivation cabinet 2 that carries out of hydraulic device 51, convenient for harvest at Product aquatic products.Due to that may be contradicted with the side wall of cultivation cabinet 2 in 51 lifting process of hydraulic device, connecing in structure is caused Touching causes cultivation cabinet 2 and hydraulic device 51 stuck, and in order to avoid such situation occurs, liquid is used in the utility model The lower end of pressure device 51 and sliding shoe 52 are hinged, and sliding shoe 52 is slidably mounted on the form on sliding rail 53 and carries out promoting cultivation cabinet 2, the setting of the distance of sliding rail 53 is certain, and after critical distance of the walking of sliding shoe 52 to sliding rail 53, hydraulic device 51 can only be into Row promoted cultivation cabinet 2, not only avoid cultivation cabinet 2 contacted with hydraulic device 51 it is stuck, but also reduce promotion cultivate 2 institute of cabinet The space needed has very big economic benefit in the factory of large-scale cultivation.
With further reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 4, the cleaning group 3 include crossbearer cultivation 2 bottom of cabinet cleaning bar 31, The hairbrush 32 of 31 lower part two sides of cleaning bar is set and is arranged in for absorbing the absorber 33 of waste between two sides hairbrush 32, The cleaning bar 31 is reciprocally slided in cultivation 2 bottom of cabinet, and by delivery pipe box for breeding is discharged in waste by the absorber 33 Body 2.Wherein under the enclosed environment of cultivation unit, if after extracting muddy water body and waste not in time, these things can be with The flowing of water body and spread, cause cleaning water body unclean, secondary pollution occur, using absorber 33 it is possible to prevente effectively from The secondary pollution after water disturbance, structure design of the absorber 33 using abstraction, Ke Yiyou are driven in 31 pushing course of cleaning bar Effect offsets the influence that water disturbance brings pollutant to spread, and realizes that polluted-water quickly detaches, has achieved the purpose that automatic cleaning. The cultivation cabinet 2 is equipped with the pushing motor 24 for pushing cleaning bar 31 to slide, and pushing motor 24 is arranged in lifting group 5 one Side, using this design pushing motor 24 during pushing cleaning group 3, the flow direction of dirty water body is to cultivation cabinet 2 Output flow just flows out through filter screen 61, further improves the efficiency of cleaning.In the present embodiment, hydraulic when cleaning Device 51 needs in advance to promote cultivation cabinet 2, and hoisting depth is determined by the length of cultivation cabinet 2, promotes angle in 5- 10 ° are advisable, and at this time since cultivation cabinet 2 tilts, cleaning group 3 is pushed away due to that can be slided automatically to cultivation 2 export direction of cabinet The promotion power of dynamic motor 24 can greatly reduce, energy conservation and environmental protection.
2 upper shelf of cultivation cabinet is equipped with fixed frame 7, and the fixed frame 7 can walk on cultivation cabinet 2, described solid Determine frame 7 and is equipped with automatic aerator 71, the feeding tank and dredge pump 72 for feeding feed for carrying out oxygenation to water body, the blowdown The input terminal of pump 72 is connect with delivery pipe.Automatic aerator 71, dredge pump 72 and feeding tank are controlled by Master Control Center, are facilitated The factorial production management.In the present embodiment, Master Control Center carries out data by internet and the either mobile terminal master control PC Interaction realizes long-range monitoring production, facilitates the demand of modern production.It is equipped with data comparison module in Master Control Center, facilitates and is examined The Various types of data of survey is compared with preset data, realizes and automatically controls.Secondly, inlet pipeline 4 can match in the present embodiment The water body closed in 6 pairs of cultivation cabinets 2 of interception group is replaced, and guarantees the cleaning of water body.Furthermore interception group 6 and lifting group 5 also may be used To realize long-range control, cultivation cabinet 2 is facilitated to be drained or harvested, it is time saving and energy saving.
This automatic breeding unit cultivation cabinet 2 on be arranged cleaning group 3, using cleaning group 3 carry out cleaning be deposited on it is feeding The excreta and swill for growing 2 bottom of cabinet are arranged due to avoiding cleaning group 3 in moving process by the way of absorbing Object and swill is let out to be diffused with the flowing of water body, avoid cleaning it is unclean, ensure that the cleaning of water body;Its Secondary, one end of cultivation cabinet 2 is gone up and down by lifting group 5, is facilitated when harvesting finished product aquatic products without artificially receiving one by one It obtains, improves the efficiency of harvest, also avoid injuring aquatic products during harvest;Furthermore interception group 6 uses partition 62 and filter screen 61 structure design, filter screen 61 cooperate cleaning group 3 during cleaning, the water body of bottom dirt are quickly discharged, ensure that upper water The cleaning of body, partition 62 can effectively seal cultivation cabinet 2, and long-time flowing water is avoided to reduce the water level in cultivation unit.This It is simple to cultivate cellular construction, can clear up and harvest automatically, can effectively solve to be difficult to realize automate in current factory's cultivation The problem of cultivation.
The above, the only better embodiment of the utility model, but the utility model is not limited to above-mentioned reality Example is applied, as long as its technical effect for reaching the utility model with any same or similar means, all should belong to the utility model Protection scope.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of automatic breeding unit, it is characterised in that: including pedestal, cultivation cabinet and for clearing up and extracting box for breeding out The cleaning group of body bottom waste is connected with inlet pipeline on the cultivation cabinet, and the cultivation cabinet exit end is hinged on base On frame, the cultivation cabinet other end is mounted on pedestal by lifting group, and the cleaning group is reciprocally slided in cultivation cabinet Bottom, the cultivation tank outlet are provided with interception group, and the interception group is equipped with and was used for the filter screen of water and for sealing The partition of tank outlet is cultivated, the partition and filter screen are liftably inserted into cultivation tank outlet.
2. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the interception group is provided with support frame With the promotion motor of setting on the support frame, the promotion motor is down-set, and output end is separately connected partition and filter screen Top.
3. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that: the cultivation tank outlet Notch is equipped on two sidewalls vertically, the two sides of the partition and filter screen are inserted into notch.
4. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the notch includes for inserting The outer side of cultivation tank outlet is arranged in the open slot of strainer and seal groove for inserting partition, the seal groove.
5. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the seal groove be equipped with opening portion and Limiting section is provided with gasket on the opening portion, and the partition, which is located in limiting section, is provided with limit column cap.
6. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the lifting group includes hydraulic dress It sets, sliding shoe and the sliding rail being arranged on pedestal, one end of the hydraulic device is hinged on cultivation cabinet, and the other end passes through Sliding shoe can be slidably mounted on sliding rail.
7. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cleaning group includes that crossbearer is being supported The cleaning bar of the bottom of box is grown, the hairbrush of cleaning bar lower part two sides is set and is arranged between the hairbrush of two sides useless for absorbing The absorber of object, the cleaning bar are reciprocally slided in the cultivation bottom of box, and waste is discharged by delivery pipe for the absorber Cultivate cabinet.
8. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the cultivation cabinet is equipped with and is used for Push the pushing motor of cleaning bar sliding.
9. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the cultivation cabinet upper shelf is equipped with Fixed frame, the fixed frame can walk on cultivation cabinet, and the fixed frame, which is equipped with, to carry out the automatic aerator of oxygenation to water body, uses In the feeding tank and dredge pump that feed feed, the input terminal of the dredge pump is connect with delivery pipe.
10. a kind of automatic breeding unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the cultivation tank outlet setting There is collecting tank, the bottom of the collecting tank is mounted on pedestal, and the top of the collecting tank, which is equipped with, places the arc that aquatic products are jumped out Shape portion.
CN201820711065.0U 2018-05-11 2018-05-11 A kind of automatic breeding unit Active CN208434561U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108552102A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-21 珠海市现代农业发展中心(珠海市金湾区台湾农民创业园管理委员会、珠海市农渔业科研与推广中心) A kind of automatic breeding unit
CN112827245A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-05-25 珠海市现代农业发展中心(珠海市金湾区台湾农民创业园管理委员会、珠海市农渔业科研与推广中心) Crawler-type automatic micro-filter

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108552102A (en) * 2018-05-11 2018-09-21 珠海市现代农业发展中心(珠海市金湾区台湾农民创业园管理委员会、珠海市农渔业科研与推广中心) A kind of automatic breeding unit
CN112827245A (en) * 2020-12-10 2021-05-25 珠海市现代农业发展中心(珠海市金湾区台湾农民创业园管理委员会、珠海市农渔业科研与推广中心) Crawler-type automatic micro-filter
CN112827245B (en) * 2020-12-10 2022-08-09 珠海市现代农业发展中心(珠海市金湾区台湾农民创业园管理委员会、珠海市农渔业科研与推广中心) Crawler-type automatic micro-filter

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