CN212232708U - Healthy culture system with fish toilet - Google Patents

Healthy culture system with fish toilet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212232708U
CN212232708U CN202020595818.3U CN202020595818U CN212232708U CN 212232708 U CN212232708 U CN 212232708U CN 202020595818 U CN202020595818 U CN 202020595818U CN 212232708 U CN212232708 U CN 212232708U
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water
fish
pond
toilet
sedimentation tank
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沈美雄
陈华
何群英
钟传明
陈大利
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Fujian Institute Of Agricultural Mechanization (fujian Academy Of Mechanical Sciences)
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Fujian Institute Of Agricultural Mechanization (fujian Academy Of Mechanical Sciences)
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a healthy farming systems with fish lavatory is provided with the double-circuit emission ware in breeding the cell body, is provided with the side position sedimentation tank that is used for acting as the fish lavatory in the outside of breeding the cell body, the side position sedimentation tank along the side setting of breeding the cell body, the one end of side position sedimentation tank be provided with two pipeline mouths, a pipeline water inlet wherein and a discharge port of breeding the double-circuit emission ware in the cell body communicate with each other, another pipeline delivery port communicates with each other with the outside drainage ditch of pond, the double-circuit emission ware include two big or small outlet, little outlet communicates with each other with a pipeline entry of side position sedimentation tank, big outlet is connected to breeding pond drainage ditch through the delivery pipe. The utility model discloses simple structure, the cost is low, can effectively promote breeding efficiency, reduces the fodder coefficient, greatly reduces into the moisturizing volume and breeds tail water emission, and the water economy resource effectively protects the environment, and can energy saving and consumption reduction's the healthy farming systems that have the fish lavatory.

Description

Healthy culture system with fish toilet
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a breeding device, in particular to a healthy breeding system with a fish toilet.
Background
China is the largest aquaculture country in the world. The total area of the 2016 country aquaculture is 834.634 ten thousand hectares, wherein the area of the fresh water pond (including factory) aquaculture is 276.26 thousand hectares. In 2018, the factory culture area in China is 4814.22 ten thousand square meters, and the year-on-year increase is 20.66%. However, a large number of culture modes are extensive, the culture process is laggard, and the automation degree of facility equipment is low. Taking the culture of eels in Fujian province as an example, the entire province has more than 3000 eel farms, wherein about 2000 farms are indoor factory farms, wherein most farms adopt the traditional half-flow culture mode, the water consumption is large, the culture effect is general, the tail water discharge amount is large, and the pollution to the environment is serious.
The main disadvantages of the traditional eel culture mode are: firstly, the tail water discharge is big, causes the tail water treatment degree of difficulty big. The tail water discharge time of the existing culture pond is concentrated in the morning and evening for 2 times, the total tail water discharge amount is 1/3 of the total water amount each time, taking a medium-sized eel farm with 1 ten thousand square culture water surfaces as an example, the culture water is generally about 0.75 m in depth, namely the total tail water discharge amount is about 5000 tons each day, the treatment difficulty is quite large, and if the treatment is incomplete, the tail water which is not completely treated is discharged to cause certain pollution to the environment. Secondly, the water consumption is large, the discharged tail water needs to be supplemented by water with the same water quantity, so that the water consumption is extremely large, and the total culture mode is equivalent to a semi-flowing water culture mode. Thirdly, the energy consumption is high, the water temperature for eel culture is optimally required to be 23-25 ℃, a large amount of water needs to be changed, newly added water bodies need to be heated, and particularly in low-temperature weather, the average yield and power consumption in the whole culture process are greatly increased. Fourthly, the breeding effect is general, the stress reaction of the eels can be increased by changing a large amount of water, and the growth of the eels is not facilitated.
In China, methods such as internal circulation, double circulation or circulating water culture are adopted for reporting, the culture effect is improved, tail water discharge is reduced, and the actual effect is not ideal. For example, the 'European pollution-free factory circulating water aquaculture technology' is introduced by Yanan agricultural science and technology limited company in Guangdong Shaoguan city, the demonstration base is 25 mu, the investment cost is large, about 128 ten thousand people are required in each mu, the circulating water aquaculture energy consumption is large, and the circulating water consumption of each ton needs 0.33 kw/h. Then like the utility model patent of "healthy farming system of two circulation zero release" of Fujian province water conservancy project technical popularization head office, what adopted is that inside and outside two circulation system filters and recycle the water, reaches the zero release purpose, but this system is comparatively complicated, drops into great, and the zero release is implemented the degree of difficulty and is big. And the research and application demonstration of the circulating water culture modes such as a soil pond and a cement pond, which are developed by units such as a fresh water aquatic product research institute in Fujian province, are difficult to meet the actual culture needs of common farmers due to high manufacturing cost, higher operating cost, higher culture cost and the like.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome prior art's weak point, and provide a simple structure, the cost is low, can effectively promote breeding efficiency, reduces the fodder coefficient, greatly reduces into the moisturizing volume and breeds tail water discharge, and the water economy resource, effective environmental protection, and can energy saving and consumption reduction's healthy farming systems that has the fish lavatory.
The utility model provides a healthy farming systems with fish lavatory, is including breeding the cell body, breeds the cell body and still is provided with the escape canal outward, and its structural feature lies in: breed the cell body in be provided with the double-circuit emission ware, be provided with the side position sedimentation tank that is used for acting as the fish lavatory in the outside of breeding the cell body, the side position sedimentation tank along the side setting of breeding the cell body, the one end of side position sedimentation tank be provided with two pipeline mouths, a pipeline water inlet wherein and a discharge port of breeding the double-circuit emission ware in the cell body communicate with each other, another pipeline delivery port communicates with each other with the outer drainage ditch of pond, the double-circuit emission ware include two big one little outlet, a pipeline entry of little outlet and side position sedimentation tank communicates with each other, big outlet is connected to through the delivery pipe and breeds pond drainage ditch.
The utility model discloses a healthy farming systems in area has fish lavatory, through set up a side position sedimentation tank that is used for discharging fish excrement and urine and incomplete bait alone outside breeding the cell body, this side position sedimentation tank links to each other side position sedimentation tank and the little outlet of breeding the internal double-circuit emission ware of cell body through setting up the pipeline entry, the fish excrement and urine of breeding the internal through the little outlet of double-circuit emission ware discharge in the side position sedimentation tank unified carry out sedimentation treatment, clean water recycling after the sedimentation treatment is used for breeding the pond, just so can improve the internal quality of water of breeding the pond greatly, promote breeding efficiency, reduce the feed coefficient. The pipeline inlet of the side sedimentation tank communicated with the outside water drainage channel is used for regularly discharging high-concentration residual bait excrement precipitated in the side sedimentation tank.
The side position sedimentation tank separate for a plurality of room bodies along the lateral wall extending direction who breeds the pond, adopt the division wall to separate between each room body, the division wall highly is less than and breeds pond surface of water height so that the pond water in the side position sedimentation tank flows to next room by the division wall top of overflowing in last room, side position sedimentation tank division wall bottom is provided with the isolation switching device who communicates two rooms, this isolation switching device is arranged in discharging the high concentration residual bait excrement and urine that deposits in the side position sedimentation tank.
The side sedimentation tank is provided with a plurality of chamber bodies along the extension direction of the side wall, the chamber bodies are separated by partition walls, when the side sedimentation tank carries out sedimentation work, the isolation opening and closing device at the bottom of each partition wall is in a closed state, and water needing to be recycled respectively overflows the top of the partition wall of the previous chamber and enters the next chamber body until the water enters the last chamber body, namely the last chamber body of the culture tank, and then is recycled. When the operation is discharged to the side position sedimentation tank, the isolation opening and closing device at the bottom of the isolation wall is in an opening state from the first chamber to the last chamber in sequence, and high-concentration residual bait and excrement in the side position sedimentation tank are discharged into the drainage ditch outside the tank. Adopt a plurality of room bodies of unique structure division wall partitioned, the effect that the residual bait excrement and urine that the during operation of deposiing blockked the bottom sediment removed to the end room is played to the division wall, discharges the isolation switching device of during operation division wall bottom and plays clean up side position sedimentation tank, reaches the purpose of back flush side position sedimentation tank.
The isolation opening and closing device is formed by an isolation door and an executive component for controlling the motion of the isolation door.
The executing component can be composed of various power sources such as an electric push rod, an electric rotating rod and the like.
The isolation opening and closing device is provided with a normally open isolation door, a floating ball is connected to the isolation door, and the purpose of automatically controlling the isolation door to open and close is achieved through the buoyancy effect of the floating ball.
The normally open type isolation door or a dead weight type opening and closing device of the clapboard with a counterweight rod is provided, and the end part of the counterweight rod is connected with a floating ball. When the water level of the clapboard opening device is low, the clapboard opening device is in an opening position under the action of the self weight of the counterweight rod, and when the water level is high, the floating ball pulls the clapboard by the buoyancy force, so that the clapboard opening device is in a closing state.
The bottom of the side sedimentation tank is arranged from high to low in gradient from the inlet to the outlet.
The slope is set to facilitate the flow of the objects in the side sedimentation tank.
The bottom section of the side position sedimentation tank is of a V-shaped or inclined structure towards one side.
The filtering equipment is arranged near the tail chamber of the fish toilet and is close to the vortex culture pond, and the filtering equipment generally adopts a micro-filter; the water lifted from the end chamber of the fish toilet enters a micro-filter, the water filtered by the micro-filter automatically flows into the vortex culture pond through a circulating return port, and the flushing impurity water generated by the micro-filter is directly discharged into a drainage ditch of the pond through a trash discharge port.
And a water pumping or lifting device is arranged at the tail chamber or the tail end of the side sedimentation tank and is communicated with the culture tank.
The tail water is recycled by arranging a water pumping (water lifting) device at the tail chamber or the tail end of the side sedimentation tank.
The water pumping or lifting device is communicated with the culture pond through a filtering device.
The water discharged by the water pumping (lifting) device passes through the filtering device and then enters the culture pond, so that the water quality can be further improved.
The upper plane of the side position sedimentation tank is level with the culture tank.
The area of the side sedimentation tank is 4-8% of the area of the culture tank, and the width of the side sedimentation tank is about 0.6-1 m.
The bottom of the culture pond is provided with a lowest point, the lowest point is inclined to the periphery, and the two-way discharger is arranged at the lowest point of the bottom of the pond.
The bottom of the culture pond is in a pan bottom shape.
This pan-bottom like bottom is more conducive to vortex formation.
The two-way discharger is of a cylindrical structure and is provided with a large water discharge opening and a small water discharge opening, the large water discharge opening is positioned at the bottom of the cylinder, and the small water discharge opening is positioned on the side face of the cylinder.
The culture pond is provided with a vortex device to realize the rotary flow of the pond water in the culture pond.
The whole pool water flows, so that the living habit of fish motility is better met, and the culture effect is better. Meanwhile, the pot-bottom-shaped pond bottom and the double-way discharger positioned at the lowest point of the pond bottom are combined, when the double-way discharger discharges water, pond water in the whole culture pond flows in a vortex shape, and residual bait and excrement gathered at the lower part of the pond are easier to discharge into a fish toilet as soon as possible.
The vortex device comprises a plurality of oxygenation water spinners, each oxygenation water spinner comprises a high-pressure air pump, an aeration disc, an aeration pipe, an inclined baffle and a frame, the aeration disc, the aeration pipe and the inclined baffle are supported on the frame, the inclined baffle is arranged above the aeration disc, the aeration pipe or the aeration pipe, the inclined baffle is connected to the aeration disc through an air pipe, the aeration pipe or the aeration pipe which is filled with high-pressure air generates a large amount of fine bubbles to drive water flow to flow upwards, the flow direction of the water flow is changed to flow forwards when the inclined baffle is met, and when the plurality of oxygenation water spinners distributed on the periphery of the culture pond work together, the pond water in the culture pond is driven to flow in the same direction in a rotating mode.
The drainage ditch is communicated with a tail water treatment pool or a temporary fish culture pool outside the culture farm.
When the fishes in the culture pond need to be sorted or sold, the end surface seal heads of the large discharge pipes are opened, and the fishes in the pond can be all discharged into the temporary culture pond through the drainage ditches.
A feeding platform which is convenient for managers to feed is arranged on the culture pond.
Heating pipe facilities are arranged around the bottom of the culture pond.
The heating facility is arranged to heat the pool water at low temperature.
The electric water drainage device comprises a section of straight pipe, a drain hole is formed in the lower portion of the straight pipe, an overflow hole is formed in the upper portion of the straight pipe, the electric water drainage device further comprises a section of I-shaped hollow piston, the piston is mounted in the inner cavity of the straight pipe, the height of the piston is higher than the length of the section of straight pipe with the drain hole so as to prevent water from being drained from the drain hole of the straight pipe, sealing rings are arranged between the peripheries of the upper end and the lower end of the piston and the wall of the straight pipe, the upper end of the piston is connected with an expansion link of an electric push rod through a connecting rod, the electric push rod is fixed on the straight pipe, when water is drained, the piston is located above the drain hole in the inner cavity of the straight pipe to achieve.
The pipe-inserting electric drainage device on the culture pond with the structure is inserted into the corresponding water outlet of the culture pond, and the operation can be started by switching on the power supply. When water needs to be drained, the electric push rod telescopic rod drives the I-shaped piston to lift through the fixed connecting rod, when the position of the sealing ring at the lower end of the I-shaped piston is higher than the drain hole, water in the culture pond can be drained through the drain hole, when the drainage operation is finished, the electric push rod drives the I-shaped piston to move downwards through the fixed connecting rod, when the upper sealing ring and the lower sealing ring of the I-shaped piston are located at the upper position and the lower position of the drain hole, the drainage operation is stopped, at the moment, the water level in the drain hole can move upwards through the upper insertion pipe and can overflow upwards and flow out from the upper.
The electric push rod is arranged on the fixing plate, the fixing plate is supported on the top of the straight pipe, and the electric push rod is located in the inner cavity of the straight pipe.
The power supply voltage of the electric push rod adopts a direct-current low-voltage power supply, and the voltage range is 12-36V.
The position of the overflow hole at the upper part of the straight pipe is lower than the position of the electric push rod in the inner cavity of the straight pipe.
The arrangement mode of the overflow hole can avoid that the electric push rod is easy to damage due to water immersion when the water level overflows to the electric push rod.
The height difference between the lower edge of the overflow hole and the water surface of the culture pond is H, and the value range of H is 30-50 mm.
The height difference between the lower side of the overflow hole and the water surface of the culture pond can ensure that the electric push rod is not soaked by tail water, and the service life of the electric push rod is prolonged.
The healthy culture system with the fish toilet is further provided with a plurality of sensors, and the sensors are respectively arranged in the culture pond, the side sedimentation pond and the filtering device and are used for acquiring relevant state parameters and operation parameters to perform corresponding control.
The healthy aquaculture system with the fish toilet further comprises an internet of things management platform for controlling and early warning the whole aquaculture device.
The healthy aquaculture system with the fish toilet is used for collecting relevant sensing data by using the Internet of things management platform and detecting water quality parameters, state parameters and operation parameters of the vortex aquaculture pond, the fish toilet and the filtering equipment, all the parameters are collected to the field centralized collection control cabinet of each vortex aquaculture pond and then uploaded to the Internet of things management platform through the transmission device in the centralized collection control cabinet, and the Internet of things management platform can effectively monitor, early warn and control the whole aquaculture system after analyzing and processing the data.
The healthy culture system with the fish toilet is a group of a plurality of culture ponds, and the plurality of culture ponds share one drainage ditch, a tail water treatment pond or a temporary fish culture pond.
By adopting the modular structure, the field can be greatly reduced, and the space is saved.
In conclusion, compared with the prior art, the utility model, the following advantages are provided:
the utility model discloses a healthy farming systems with fish lavatory has following advantage 1, effectively promotes breeding efficiency, reduces the fodder coefficient. The residual bait and excrement in the culture pond can be collected to the fish toilet in time by the vortex culture pond and deposited and automatically discharged to the water discharge channel outside the pond according to the concentration condition, and the water quality recycled to the vortex culture pond by the fish toilet is cleaner after being deposited and filtered, so that the water quality environment of eel life is greatly improved, the culture efficiency can be effectively improved, and the feed coefficient is reduced. 2. Greatly reduces the water supply amount and the discharge amount of the culture tail water, saves water resources and effectively protects the environment. Tail water with about 70 percent of total pool water amount is discharged every day in a traditional eel farm, and the same 70 percent of water inflow needs to be supplemented; the utility model discloses only need discharge "fish lavatory" tail water about 2 ~ 4 times every day, less than 25% of total pond volume, more traditional eel water consumption and tail water emission are practiced thrift every day and exceed 45%, have not only greatly practiced thrift the breed water resource, have also significantly reduced subsequent tail water treatment engineering volume, effective environmental protection. 3. Energy conservation and consumption reduction. The water feeding and supplementing quantity is greatly reduced, so that the energy consumption of the water for warming cultivation can be greatly reduced in low-temperature weather. And simultaneously, the utility model discloses an oxygenation water circulator adopts high pressure aeration oxygenation, plays the effect of whirling water in powerful oxygenation, and a tractor serves several purposes, and is efficient than the waterwheel formula oxygen-increasing machine in traditional eel breeding field, and the energy consumption is low. 4. Reducing the number of people and improving the efficiency. Because the residual bait excrement and urine deposits at the bottom of the culture pond in traditional eel raising farms, need carry out the manual work to the bottom of the pool every day and clean the area big, artifical high in dosage. The utility model discloses because replace incomplete bait excrement and urine to in the "fish lavatory" of small area, wash the number of times many and have "fish lavatory" back flush unit every day, wash cleaner, the manual work volume of cleaning significantly reduces. And simultaneously, the utility model discloses an "go up electronic drainage device of intubate" and thing networking system, when effectively reducing intensity of labour, the management efficiency promotes by a wide margin.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a plan view of the system structure of a single-port healthy aquaculture system with a "fish toilet".
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the "fish toilet", filtration system, Internet of things system, and water intake and refill device in operation.
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the vortex finder and "fish toilet" with the intubation electric drain closed.
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the spiral culture pond and the drainage channel during drainage.
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the partition opening and closing device of the fish toilet at a low water level and the upper tube type electric drainage device at the time of discharging tail water.
FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of an oxygen-increasing water-rotating machine
Fig. 7 is an enlarged view of fig. 2A.
FIG. 8 is a plan view of a four-port modular health farming system with a "fish toilet".
The reference numbers indicate 1 vortex culture pond, 2 'fish toilet', 3 filtering equipment (microfilter), 4 Internet of things system, 5 drainage ditch, 6 tail water treatment pond, 7 temporary culture pond, 11 two-way discharger, 12 oxygenation water-whirling machine, 13 vortex culture pond bottom, 14 vortex culture pond large discharge outlet, 15 high pressure air pump, 16 water feeding device, 17 heating device, 18 bait throwing platform, 21 'fish toilet' first chamber, 22 'fish toilet' N chamber, 23 'fish toilet' last chamber, 24 water pumping device (or water lifting device), 25 'fish toilet' G2 water inlet, 26 'fish toilet' G1 water outlet, 27 isolation wall, 31 microfilter impurity discharge port, 32 circulation return port, 41 centralized collection control cabinet, 42 management platform, 43 vortex culture pond water quality sensor, 44 'fish toilet' water quality sensor, 111 small discharge port, 112 large discharge port, 113 culture pond discharge pipe, 113 culture pond small discharge pipe, 114 large discharge pipe of the vortex culture pond, a vent pipe of a 121 oxygenation water-spinning machine, 122 aeration disc (or aeration pipe), 123 inclined baffle, 124 frame, 141 large discharge port upper intubation electric drainage device, 142 large discharge pipe end surface seal head, 161 water replenishing buffer tank, 162 water replenishing valve, 163 water replenishing pipe, 251G 2 water inlet upper intubation electric drainage device, 252 small discharge pipe end surface seal head, 261G 1 water outlet upper intubation electric drainage device, 271 partition plate opening and closing device, 2711 floating ball, 2712 weight bar P1-gradient of bottom of the vortex culture pond, gradient of bottom of length direction of P2- "fish toilet", gradient of bottom of section of P3- "fish toilet", and difference of height between top of H1-separation wall and water surface of the vortex culture pond.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the following examples.
Example 1
A healthy culture system with a 'fish toilet' structure comprises a vortex culture pond 1 and facility equipment thereof, a 'fish toilet' 2 and facility equipment thereof, a filtering device 3 and an Internet of things control system 4.
The depth of the vortex culture pond 1 is about 0.9-1.3 m, the pond can be a square structure with a chamfer angle, a polygon or a circular structure, and the depth of pond water is about 0.6-1 m when the eel is cultured; the vortex culture pond 1 comprises a pond bottom 13, and a two-way discharger 11 is arranged in the middle of the pond bottom 13; the bottom of the pool is provided with a slope from the double-path discharger 11 to the bottom edge of the pool bottom, which is similar to the bottom of a pot, and the slope P1 is 1-2%; a plurality of oxygen-increasing water-rotating machines 12 are arranged around the vortex culture pond 1, a high-pressure air pump 15 supplies air to an aeration disc (or an aeration pipe) 122 arranged at the bottom of the oxygen-increasing water-rotating machine 12 in a centralized manner through an aeration pipe 121 of the oxygen-increasing water-rotating machine, when the air flowing upwards in the aeration disc (or the aeration pipe) 122 meets an inclined baffle 123 arranged on a frame 124, the water in the pond can be driven to flow upwards and forwards, and when the plurality of oxygen-increasing water-rotating machines 12 work together, the pond water in the vortex culture pond 1 is driven to flow in an integral anticlockwise (or clockwise) rotating manner; because oxygenation water circulator 12 both plays the effect of whirling water during operation, plays the oxygenation effect again, can replace the pond bottom aeration oxygenation coil pipe in traditional eel farm and the waterwheel formula oxygen-increasing machine of pond face, not only oxygenation is effectual, and the cost is low, and the pond water of whole vortex culture pond 1 can form the bulk flow, accords with eel mobility's life habit more, and the breed effect is better. The oxygenation water circulator comprises a high-pressure air pump, an aeration disc, an aeration pipe, an inclined baffle and a frame, wherein the aeration disc, the aeration pipe and the inclined baffle are supported on the frame, the inclined baffle is arranged above the aeration disc, the aeration pipe or the aeration pipe, the high-pressure air pump is connected to the aeration disc through the aeration pipe, the aeration pipe or the aeration pipe, or the aeration pipe generates a large amount of fine bubbles to drive water flow to flow upwards, the water flow direction is changed to flow forwards when the inclined baffle is met, and a plurality of oxygenation water circulators distributed on the periphery of the culture pond work together to drive the pond water in the culture pond to flow in the same direction in a rotating manner. The double-way discharger 11 is of a cylindrical structure and is provided with a large water outlet and a small water outlet, the large water outlet 12 is positioned in the middle of the bottom of the double-way discharger and is connected with a large discharge pipe 114 of the vortex culture pond and connected to an outlet 14 of the large discharge port of the vortex culture pond, the small water outlet 111 is positioned on the side edge of the bottom of the double-way discharger and is connected with a small discharge pipe 113 of the vortex culture pond and connected to a G2 water inlet of a fish toilet, the small water outlet is used for discharging residual bait and excrement gathered by the vortex at the bottom of the pond, and the large water outlet is used for discharging eel or cleaning; when the oxygen-increasing water rotator 12 works, the pan bottom-shaped pool bottom 13 and the two-way discharger 11 positioned at the lowest point of the pool bottom are combined, when the two-way discharger 11 performs drainage operation, pool water in the whole culture pool flows in a vortex shape to form a vortex-type culture pool, and residual bait and excrement gathered at the lower part of the culture pool are easier to discharge to the fish toilet 2 as soon as possible. The bait casting platform 18 of the vortex culture pond is positioned at one side convenient for managers to cast bait and is used for casting bait to eels at regular intervals; the pool water heating facilities 17 are positioned around the pool bottom, generally have an annular structure and are used for heating the pool water at low temperature; the water inlet and supplementing device 16 is used for feeding water into the pond or supplementing water daily, the water inlet and supplementing device 16 comprises a water supplementing buffer pond 161, a water supplementing valve 162 and a water supplementing pipe 163 leading to the vortex culture pond are installed at the rear end of the water supplementing buffer pond 161, and the water supplementing quantity into the vortex culture pond can be controlled by controlling the opening of the water supplementing valve 162; a vortex culture pond water quality sensor 43 is also arranged in the vortex culture pond and used for detecting parameters such as pond water temperature, dissolved oxygen and the like; a drainage channel 5 for discharging the culture tail water is arranged outside the vortex culture pond, and the drainage channel 5 is connected to a tail water treatment pond 7 outside the culture farm or a temporary eel culture pond 8 for sorting and selling eels; when the vortex culture pond 1 needs to rapidly replace pond water, the pond water can be drained to the drainage channel 5 through an upper intubation electric drainage device 141 arranged on the large drainage outlet 14 behind the large drainage pipe 114; when the eels in the vortex culture pond 1 need to be sorted or sold, the end surface sealing head 142 of the large discharge pipe is opened, and the eels in the pond can be completely discharged into the temporary eel sorting and selling pond 7 through the discharge ditch 5.
The fish toilet 2 is positioned on the outer side of the vortex culture pond 1, and the upper plane of the fish toilet is flush with the vortex culture pond 1; the area of the fish toilet 2 is about 4-8% of the area of the vortex culture pond 1, and the width is about 0.6-1 m; the fish toilet 2 is a multi-chamber structure with no less than 2 chambers, and a separation wall 27 is arranged between the chambers; the bottom of the partition wall 27 is provided with a partition plate opening and closing device 271 communicated with two adjacent chambers, the partition plate opening and closing device 271 is in an open state when the water level in the fish toilet 2 is low, a floating ball 2711 is arranged at the door handle of the partition plate opening and closing device 271, and when the water level in the fish toilet 2 is high, the floating ball 2711 makes the partition plate opening and closing device 271 handle a closed state by virtue of buoyancy; the top of the partition wall 27 is slightly lower than the culture water surface in the vortex culture pond 1, and the height difference is H1; the bottom of the fish toilet is provided with a slope from the starting point of the first chamber 21 to the end point of the last chamber 23, and the slope is P2; the bottom edge of the cross section structure of the fish toilet 2 is V-shaped or inclined bottom-shaped, and has a slope, the slope is P3, and the fish toilet 2 can discharge impurity particles at the bottom more quickly during water discharge; two pipeline ports are arranged in the first chamber 21 of the fish toilet 2 close to the starting point, wherein a water inlet 25 of the fish toilet G2 is connected with a small water outlet 111 of a two-way discharger in the vortex culture pond 1 and is used for discharging residual bait and excrement accumulated at the bottom of the vortex culture pond 1 in a vortex mode, and a water outlet 26 of the other fish toilet G1 is connected with a water discharge ditch 5 outside the pond and is used for periodically discharging high-concentration residual bait and excrement precipitated in the fish toilet 2; the tail chamber 23 of the fish toilet 2 is provided with a water pumping or extracting device 24 which is used for circularly returning the cleaner water in the tail chamber 23 of the fish toilet 2 to the vortex culture pond 1 after being filtered by the filtering equipment 3; two water outlets 25 and 26 of the first chamber 21 of the fish toilet 2 are respectively provided with a set of 'upper cannula electric drainage device' 251 and 261 for automatically controlling water inlet and drainage. The electric water drainage device comprises a section of straight pipe, a drain hole is formed in the lower portion of the straight pipe, an overflow hole is formed in the upper portion of the straight pipe, the electric water drainage device further comprises a section of I-shaped hollow piston, the piston is mounted in the inner cavity of the straight pipe, the height of the piston is higher than the length of the section of straight pipe with the drain hole so as to prevent water from being drained from the drain hole of the straight pipe, sealing rings are arranged between the peripheries of the upper end and the lower end of the piston and the wall of the straight pipe, the upper end of the piston is connected with an expansion link of an electric push rod through a connecting rod, the electric push rod is fixed on the straight pipe, when water is drained, the piston is located above the drain hole in the inner cavity of the straight pipe to achieve. The electric push rod is arranged on the fixing plate, the fixing plate is supported on the top of the straight pipe, and the electric push rod is located in the inner cavity of the straight pipe. The position of the overflow hole at the upper part of the straight pipe is lower than the position of the electric push rod in the inner cavity of the straight pipe. The height difference between the lower edge of the overflow hole and the water surface of the culture pond is H, and the value range of H is 30-50 mm.
The filtering equipment 3 is arranged near a tail chamber 23 of the fish toilet 2 and is close to the vortex culture pond 1, and the filtering equipment 3 generally adopts a micro-filter 3; the cleaner water which is lifted from the end chamber 23 of the fish toilet 2 through the water lifting device 24 and is precipitated through the fish toilet 2 enters the micro-filter 3, the water filtered by the micro-filter 3 automatically flows into the vortex cultivation pool 1 through the circulating return port 32, and the impurity washing water generated by the micro-filter is directly discharged into the outer drainage ditch 5 of the pool through the impurity discharging port 31 of the micro-filter.
The eel health breeding internet-of-things control system 4 is provided with a plurality of sensors, and is used for detecting state parameters, operation parameters and the like of a vortex breeding pond water quality sensor 43 and a fish toilet water quality sensor 44, a filtering device, an electric drainage device and the like, after all the parameters are collected to a field centralized acquisition control cabinet 41 of each vortex breeding pond, all the parameter data are uploaded to an internet-of-things management platform 42 through a transmission device in the centralized acquisition control cabinet 41, and after the data are analyzed and processed, the internet-of-things management platform 42 can effectively monitor, early warn and control the whole breeding system.
In the working process, step 1, an upper intubation electric drainage device 251 of a water inlet 25 of a 'fish toilet' G2 is opened, a high-pressure air pump 15 in the vortex culture pond 1 is started to ventilate an oxygen-increasing water spinner 12, the oxygen-increasing water spinner 12 drives pond water to rotate in a counterclockwise vortex manner, and residual bait and excrement in the pond are discharged into a first chamber 21 of the 'fish toilet' through a small water discharge pipe 113 via a small water discharge port 111 of a pond bottom two-way discharger 11; when the water level in the fish toilet is low at the beginning, the partition plate opening and closing device 2711 of the partition wall of the fish toilet is in an open state, the water levels of a plurality of chambers of the fish toilet rise together, when the water level rises to the top of the partition wall, the floating ball is connected to the end part of the counterweight rod 2712 under the pulling of the buoyancy of the floating ball 2711, the counterweight rod is connected to the partition door, the partition plate opening and closing device 271 is in a closed state, and the water in the first chamber can only flow into the next chamber to the end chamber 23 of the fish toilet after passing through the top of the partition wall 27; when the water level height of each chamber in the fish toilet is consistent with the height in the vortex culture pond, the micro-filter 3 and the water pumping device 24 are started, and the final chamber water in the fish toilet 2 flows back into the vortex culture pond after being filtered; by controlling the flow of the water pumping device 24, the flow velocity of water in the fish toilet 2 is controlled to be 8-12 mm/s, so that residual bait and excrement in water flowing into the fish toilet from the vortex culture pond 1 can be well precipitated in the fish toilet; the micro-impurities in the water can be effectively filtered by adjusting the mesh of the filter screen of the micro-filter 3 to be more than 250 meshes (or the aperture of the mesh is less than 58 mu m), so that the water quality of the circulating backflow water entering the vortex culture pond is kept clean.
A water quality turbidity sensor is arranged in the front chamber of the end chamber 23 of the fish toilet 2, the internet of things control system 4 senses turbidity data uploaded by a water quality sensor 44 of the fish toilet and carries out calculation and analysis, when a data value triggers a set value, high-concentration impurity tail water in the fish toilet needs to be emptied, at the moment, a water inlet 25 of the fish toilet G2 is closed, when the water level in the fish toilet is flush with the upper plane of a separation wall 27, a water pumping device 24 and a micro-filter 3 are closed, an upper cannula electric drainage device 261 of a water outlet 26 of the fish toilet G1 is opened, water in the first chamber is firstly drained to a tank outer drainage ditch 5 and flows into a tail water treatment tank for centralized treatment of the tail water, when the water level of each chamber of the fish toilet falls, a partition plate opening and closing device 2711 corresponding to each chamber is in an open state, water in each chamber of the fish toilet from the first chamber to the end chamber sequentially passes through the water outlet 26 of each chamber of the fish toilet to be drained to the tank outer drainage ditch 5, under the action of the slope P2 and the slope P3 of the fish toilet, the toilet water in the fish toilet can be completely emptied, and the fish toilet is in a back flush state when the water in the last chamber is finally discharged because the water in the last chamber is the cleanest and is finally discharged, so that the bottom of the pool is cleaner when the fish toilet is emptied. When the tail water with high concentration impurities in the 'fish toilet' is discharged completely, the upper intubation electric drainage device 261 of the water outlet 26 of the 'fish toilet' G1 is closed, the upper intubation electric drainage device 251 of the water inlet 25 of the 'fish toilet' G2 is opened, and the step 1 in the working process is repeated.
The internet of things control system 4 collects various sensing data uploaded by a water quality sensor 43 in the vortex culture pond and a water quality sensor 44 in the fish toilet through a centralized acquisition control cabinet 41 arranged on the site, and automatically controls various devices such as a high-pressure air pump, a water replenishing valve, an electric drainage device, a micro-filter, a water pumping device and the like on the site through the centralized acquisition control cabinet 41. Because the cultivation water level in the vortex cultivation pool 1 is reduced due to the fact that high-concentration impurity tail water in the 'fish toilet' is discharged, after the tail water in the 'fish toilet' is discharged every time, water needs to be supplied to the vortex cultivation pool 1, when water needs to be supplied, the water supply valve 162 is opened, and water flows into the vortex cultivation pool 1 along the water supply buffer pool 161 through the water supply pipe 163. In addition, when the temperature of the pond water is lower than the culture requirement, the pond water is heated by the annular heating facilities 17 distributed around the bottom of the pond. Big discharge pipe terminal surface head 142 is except being used for discharging the eel usefulness, also is arranged in the pond water of whole evacuation whirlpool breed pond to use, avoids traditional breed to have the drawback of remaining pipeline water in the pipeline after the pond evacuation, and on the same hand, little discharge pipe terminal surface head 252's effect also is the remaining water that is arranged in the evacuation pipeline, and the design of two terminal surface heads of this patent more is favorable to guaranteeing the pipeline health of system.
The parts not described in the present embodiment are the same as those in the prior art.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a healthy farming systems with fish lavatory, is including breeding the cell body, breeds the cell body and still is provided with drainage ditch, its characterized in that outward: breed the cell body in be provided with the double-circuit emission ware, be provided with the side position sedimentation tank that is used for acting as the fish lavatory in the outside of breeding the cell body, the side position sedimentation tank along the side setting of breeding the cell body, the one end of side position sedimentation tank be provided with two pipeline mouths, a pipeline water inlet wherein and a discharge port of breeding the double-circuit emission ware in the cell body communicate with each other, another pipeline delivery port communicates with each other with the outer drainage ditch of pond, the double-circuit emission ware include two big one little outlet, a pipeline entry of little outlet and side position sedimentation tank communicates with each other, big outlet is connected to through the delivery pipe and breeds pond drainage ditch.
2. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 1, wherein: the side position sedimentation tank along the lateral wall extending direction who breeds the pond separate for a plurality of rooms, adopt the division wall to separate between each room body, the division wall highly is less than and breeds pond surface of water height so that the pond water in the side position sedimentation tank flows to next room by the division wall top of overflowing in last room, side position sedimentation tank division wall bottom is provided with the isolation switching device who communicates two rooms, this isolation switching device is arranged in discharging the high concentration residual bait excrement and urine that deposits in the side position sedimentation tank.
3. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 2, wherein: the isolation opening and closing device is provided with a normally open type isolation door, a floating ball is connected onto the isolation door, and the purpose of automatically controlling the isolation door to open and close is achieved through the buoyancy effect of the floating ball.
4. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 3, wherein: the bottom of side position sedimentation tank be from the entry to the export by the high slope setting to low, the bottom section of side position sedimentation tank be V type or to the structure of one side slope.
5. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 4, wherein: and a water pumping or lifting device is arranged at the tail chamber or the tail end of the side sedimentation tank and is communicated with the culture pond, and the water pumping or lifting device is communicated with the culture pond through a filtering device.
6. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 5, wherein: the bottom of the culture pond is provided with a lowest point, the lowest point is inclined to the periphery, and the two-way discharger is arranged at the lowest point of the bottom of the pond.
7. The health farming system with a fish toilet of any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein: the culture pond is provided with a vortex device to realize the rotary flow of the pond water in the culture pond.
8. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 7, wherein: vortex device including a plurality of oxygenation water whirling machines, oxygenation water whirling machine is including high compression pump, aeration dish or aeration pipe, slope baffle and frame, aeration dish or aeration pipe and slope baffle support on the frame, the slope baffle sets up in aeration dish or the top of aeration pipe, high compression pump passes through the breather pipe and is connected to aeration dish or aeration pipe, the aeration dish or the aeration pipe that let in highly-compressed air produce a large amount of tiny bubbles and drive rivers upward flow, it flows forward to meet the change rivers flow direction when slope baffle, distribute in the peripheral a plurality of oxygenation water whirling machines of breed pond during operation together, it makes syntropy rotatory flow to drive the pond water in the breed pond.
9. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 8, wherein: the electric water drainage device comprises a section of straight pipe, a drain hole is formed in the lower portion of the straight pipe, an overflow hole is formed in the upper portion of the straight pipe, the electric water drainage device further comprises a section of I-shaped hollow piston, the piston is mounted in the inner cavity of the straight pipe, the height of the piston is higher than the length of the section of straight pipe with the drain hole so as to prevent water from being drained from the drain hole of the straight pipe, sealing rings are arranged between the peripheries of the upper end and the lower end of the piston and the wall of the straight pipe, the upper end of the piston is connected with an expansion link of an electric push rod through a connecting rod, the electric push rod is fixed on the straight pipe, when water is drained, the piston is located above the drain hole in the inner cavity of the straight pipe to achieve.
10. The health farming system with a fish toilet of claim 9, wherein: the healthy culture system with the fish toilet is further provided with a plurality of sensors, the sensors are respectively arranged in the culture pond, the side sedimentation pond and the filtering device and used for acquiring state parameters and operation parameters to carry out corresponding control, and the healthy culture system with the fish toilet further comprises an internet of things management platform to control and early warn the whole culture device.
CN202020595818.3U 2020-04-20 2020-04-20 Healthy culture system with fish toilet Active CN212232708U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111357705A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-07-03 福建省农业机械化研究所(福建省机械科学研究院) Healthy culture system with fish toilet
CN114835355A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-02 山东中研环保设备有限公司 Combined type cultivation tail water treatment equipment
TWI789319B (en) * 2022-06-27 2023-01-01 王鼎元 Circulating water system for intensive aquaculture

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111357705A (en) * 2020-04-20 2020-07-03 福建省农业机械化研究所(福建省机械科学研究院) Healthy culture system with fish toilet
TWI789319B (en) * 2022-06-27 2023-01-01 王鼎元 Circulating water system for intensive aquaculture
US11622545B1 (en) 2022-06-27 2023-04-11 Ding-Yuan WANG Circulating water system for intensive aquaculture
CN114835355A (en) * 2022-07-04 2022-08-02 山东中研环保设备有限公司 Combined type cultivation tail water treatment equipment

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