CN113545314A - Aquaculture water and metabolite splitter - Google Patents

Aquaculture water and metabolite splitter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113545314A
CN113545314A CN202111103434.0A CN202111103434A CN113545314A CN 113545314 A CN113545314 A CN 113545314A CN 202111103434 A CN202111103434 A CN 202111103434A CN 113545314 A CN113545314 A CN 113545314A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
gathering
mesh plate
sliding
metabolite
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Granted
Application number
CN202111103434.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113545314B (en
Inventor
牛艺澎
李波
李文升
张国光
单忠才
严靖凯
孙作登
施敬敏
于文松
柯可
单广平
尹春维
王田田
刘伟
曲秉东
王诗帅
施娜娜
翟介明
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Laizhou Bay Area Marine Technology Co ltd
Shandong Mingbo Marine Equipment Co ltd
LAIZHOU MINGBO AQUATIC CO LTD
Original Assignee
Laizhou Bay Area Marine Technology Co ltd
Shandong Mingbo Marine Equipment Co ltd
LAIZHOU MINGBO AQUATIC CO LTD
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Application filed by Laizhou Bay Area Marine Technology Co ltd, Shandong Mingbo Marine Equipment Co ltd, LAIZHOU MINGBO AQUATIC CO LTD filed Critical Laizhou Bay Area Marine Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202111103434.0A priority Critical patent/CN113545314B/en
Publication of CN113545314A publication Critical patent/CN113545314A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113545314B publication Critical patent/CN113545314B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/006Accessories for aquaria or terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/10Cleaning bottoms or walls of ponds or receptacles

Abstract

The invention discloses a device for separating water and metabolites for aquaculture, which belongs to the technical field of sewage treatment, and comprises a fish culture pond, a double-layer mesh plate switching device and a metabolite gathering device, wherein the double-layer mesh plate switching device and the metabolite gathering device are arranged inside the fish culture pond; this device draws a great amount of metabolites after gathering together a less region, has realized through less pumping volume, neither can influence the ecological environment in breeding the fish pond, and the at utmost carries out the effect of separating to the metabolite of breeding the fish pond aquatic.

Description

Aquaculture water and metabolite splitter
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of sewage treatment, in particular to a device for separating water and metabolites for aquaculture.
Background
The aquaculture industry is a water area which can be used by human beings for cultivation (including planting), and is one of agricultural production departments, wherein aquatic economic animal and plant cultivation is carried out by applying aquaculture technology and facilities according to the ecological habits of cultivation objects and different requirements on the environmental conditions of the water area. According to different water area properties, the method is divided into a mariculture industry and a freshwater culture industry. According to the objects of cultivation and planting, the fish, shrimp and crab, shellfish, algae, gordon euryale seed, lotus root and the like are divided. The Chinese aquaculture industry has a long history, and fish culture in pool chiseling is known as 1142 years before the Yuan (the beginning of the last week of Yin), and the Liang is recorded in the Fish culture Jing of 460 years before the Yuan, which is the earliest fish culture literature in the world. After a new Chinese is established, all water areas and potential water areas which can be used for cultivation are greatly improved and utilized, the cultivation area is enlarged, and the yield of unit area (water body) is improved; developing new fields and new ways of aquaculture, developing the aquaculture of factory, equipment, high-density warm running water, net cages (including multilayer net cages), large-scale fences, artificial fish reefs, three-dimensional, intercropping and mixing and the like, developing towards the direction of intensification, equipment, informatization and intellectualization, and exploring the potential of aquaculture production; the aquatic resources and the ecological environment are protected, and the aquaculture industry is developed quickly.
The existing aquaculture fishpond or aquaculture fishpond is in aquaculture process, and metabolites generated by aquaculture fishes can pollute water quality if not timely cleaned in water, so that the aquaculture fishpond or aquaculture fishpond is not beneficial to subsequent aquaculture, and the metabolites can be usually fished out by adopting a net-leaking fishing mode, but can be accumulated at the bottom of the aquaculture fishpond after a period of time, so that the fishing difficulty is high, and the aquaculture organisms can be fished out easily.
Chinese patent publication No. CN108815903A discloses an apparatus for separating water and metabolites from aquaculture water. The key points of the technical scheme of the invention are as follows: comprises a base, a feeding port, a pipeline, an auger blade, an auger shaft, a motor, an installation shaft, a filter screen, bristles, a baffle, a compressor, a feeding cylinder, a funnel, a waste tank, a conduit and a water collecting tank.
But the method adopted in the invention is that the water in the culture fishpond is pumped out, the metabolites in the water are separated by an external device and then discharged into the culture fishpond, the operation of the method is not realistic in actual conditions, firstly, if the water pumping quantity is large, the biological stable ecological environment in the culture fish pond is influenced, part of the organisms may die, secondly, if the pumping amount is small, the pumped water is discharged back to the culture fishpond after the metabolite separation treatment, and the treated water is mixed with the untreated water in the culture fishpond, so that the treated water is polluted, the metabolite separation effect is greatly reduced, of course, a method of separating, collecting and discharging a small amount of water into the culture fishpond can also be adopted, however, the method is time-consuming, has no difference with the method of once pumping a large amount of water for separation treatment, and can affect the ecological environment in the culture fishpond.
Disclosure of Invention
The embodiment of the invention provides water and metabolite separation equipment for aquaculture, and aims to solve the technical problems that the metabolite separation equipment in the prior art needs to be subjected to pumping-treatment-discharging processes when used for cleaning excrement in a fish culture pond, so that the biostability of the biostability in the fish culture pond is influenced, and the treatment efficiency is low.
The embodiment of the invention adopts the following technical scheme: including breeding the fish pond, still include double-deck otter board auto-change over device and metabolite and gather together the device, double-deck otter board auto-change over device and metabolite gather together the inside that the device all set up at breeding the fish pond, double-deck otter board auto-change over device includes first mesh board, second mesh board, switches oscillation subassembly and flexible coupling assembling, first mesh board and second mesh board pile up the lower extreme that sets up in breeding the fish pond, switch one side that the oscillation subassembly set up in breeding the fish pond and be connected with the side of first mesh board and second mesh board respectively, flexible coupling assembling sets up and keeps away from the both sides of switching oscillation subassembly in breeding the fish pond and be connected with the side of first mesh board and second mesh board respectively.
Further, the switching oscillation assembly comprises an installation frame, a first motor, a rotating disk, two driving rods, a first driving block, a second driving block and springs, wherein an installation groove is formed in the lower portion of one side of the fish pond, the installation frame is arranged in the installation groove, through openings are formed in the two ends of one side of the installation frame, the first motor is arranged in the middle of one side of the installation frame and located in the installation groove, the rotating disk is arranged at the output end of the first motor, the first driving block and the second driving block are respectively arranged in the through openings in the two ends of the installation frame, the springs are provided with a plurality of parts, the two sides of the first driving block and the two sides of the second driving block are respectively provided with springs, each spring is respectively connected with the side end of the through opening, the two driving rods are symmetrically arranged at the two ends of the rotating disk, one ends of the two driving rods are respectively rotatably connected with the side end of the rotating disk, the other ends of the two driving rods are respectively connected with the side ends of the first driving block and the second driving block in a rotating mode, the side end of the first mesh plate is connected with one side, away from the rotating disc, of the first driving block, the side end of the second mesh plate is connected with one side, away from the rotating disc, of the second driving block, and one sides, away from the first driving block and the second driving block, of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are in sliding fit with the side end of the fish culture pond.
Furthermore, the telescopic connecting assembly comprises a first sliding plate, a second sliding plate and two sliding groove mounting sleeves, the two sliding groove mounting sleeves are respectively arranged at the two side ends of the fish pond far away from the rotating disc, the first sliding plate is arranged at the side end of the first mesh plate and is in sliding fit with one of the sliding groove mounting sleeves, the second sliding plate is arranged at the opposite side of the first sliding plate, the second sliding plate is connected with the side end of the second mesh plate, and the second sliding plate is in sliding fit with the other sliding groove mounting sleeve.
Furthermore, the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are in a joint state, and the joint end of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate is made of soft materials.
Furthermore, the metabolite gathering device comprises a first driving gathering component, a second driving gathering component, a chute mounting block, a first gathering plate and a second gathering plate, wherein the number of the chute mounting blocks is two, one chute mounting block is arranged on the side wall of the culture fishpond and is opposite to the switching oscillation component, the side ends of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are in sliding fit with the chute mounting block, the other chute mounting block is arranged on the side wall of the culture fishpond and is connected with one telescopic connection component, the first driving gathering component and the second driving gathering component are respectively arranged on the two chute mounting blocks, the first gathering plate is arranged at the bottom end of the first driving gathering component and is positioned at the bottom end of the culture fishpond, the first gathering plate is parallel to the side wall of the adjacent culture fishpond, the second gathering plate is arranged at the bottom end of the second driving gathering component and is positioned at the bottom end of the culture fishpond, and the second gathering plate is parallel to the side wall of the adjacent culture fish pond, and the length of the second gathering plate is smaller than that of the first gathering plate.
Further, the assembly structure is gathered together to first drive and second drive, the assembly structure is the same is gathered together to the second drive, the second drive is gathered together the subassembly and is included lead screw slip table and connecting rod, the lead screw slip table sets up in the outside of breeding the fish pond, the top of connecting rod is connected with the output of lead screw slip table, the bottom of connecting rod is passed spout installation piece and is installed a horizontal direction sliding fit with the spout, the bottom of connecting rod is located the below of spout installation piece bottom, the board setting is gathered together to the second in the bottom of connecting rod.
Furthermore, a through sliding groove used for sliding of the connecting rod is formed in the top end of each sliding groove mounting block, and the through sliding grooves are made of soft rubber.
The electric sliding device further comprises a sealing assembly, the sealing assembly is arranged below the first sliding plate, an opening is formed in one end of the first sliding plate, a placing groove is formed in the side end of the sliding groove mounting sleeve in sliding fit with the opening, the sealing assembly comprises a sealing block and an electric push rod, the electric push rod is arranged at the bottom end of the first sliding plate, and the sealing block is arranged at the output end of the electric push rod and located on one side of the opening of the first sliding plate.
The embodiment of the invention adopts at least one technical scheme which can achieve the following beneficial effects:
firstly, the internal space of the fish pond is divided into two areas from top to bottom by the double-layer mesh plate switching device, the movable area of the cultured organisms is arranged above the double-layer mesh plate switching device, metabolites of the cultured organisms can pass through the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate to reach the area below the double-layer mesh plate switching device and deposit on the bottom of the fish pond, the cultured organisms cannot pass through the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate, so the space below the double-layer mesh plate switching device is a metabolite accumulation space, the metabolites are dispersed in the space, a plurality of meshes are uniformly arranged on the surfaces of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate, the meshes on the first mesh plate and the meshes on the second mesh plate are mutually overlapped by adjusting the positions of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate, the metabolites of the cultured organisms can pass through the meshes on the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate and fall to the bottom of the fish pond, under the condition that the mesh on first mesh board and the second mesh board staggers each other, the part that does not be equipped with the mesh on the surface of each other can shelter from the part of the mesh that the other side surface was equipped with for the pile up space that is located the metabolite of first mesh board and second mesh board below forms a sealed space, the metabolite of being convenient for gathers together the device and will pile up when gathering together at the metabolite of breeding the fish pond bottom, first mesh board and second mesh board can not be passed when the metabolite floats up, thereby influence gathering together the collection of metabolite.
Secondly, after the accumulation space of metabolites below the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate forms a sealed space by switching the oscillation assembly, the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate are respectively positioned at the side walls of two sides of the bottom end of the fish culture pond, the first driving gathering assembly is controlled to work, the metabolites accumulated at the bottom end of the fish culture pond are pushed towards the second gathering plate by the first gathering plate until the first gathering plate is contacted with the second gathering plate, so that the metabolites are sealed in the space enclosed by the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate, then the second gathering plate is controlled to move towards the opposite side by the second driving gathering assembly, the metabolites are finally gathered in a smaller space, a plurality of meshes are uniformly arranged on the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate, a filter screen is arranged on each mesh, and the meshes are arranged so that water can pass through the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate when the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate move, the water yield in the subregion can not be increased, and two filter screens can block the aquatic metabolite that passes first gathering together board and second gathering together the board in the subregion, at last to this regional metabolite with thoughtlessly gather the water of metabolite extract can, realized through less pumping volume, neither can influence the ecological environment in breeding the fish pond, and the at utmost has carried out the effect of separation to the metabolite of breeding the aquatic in the fish pond.
And thirdly, when meshes on the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are in a mutually overlapped state, the opening on the sealing component and the first sliding plate are positioned in the placing groove of the sliding groove installation sleeve, when the meshes on the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are mutually staggered, the opening on the first sliding plate and the sealing component are positioned right above the first gathering plate and the second gathering plate for gathering the metabolite to a smaller space, and the water pump is convenient to penetrate the metabolite in the area and the water containing the metabolite from the opening through the water pumping pipe of the water pump from the outside after the metabolite is gathered, but in the process of gathering the metabolite, the metabolite is prevented from floating upwards from the opening, the sealing block is controlled to move towards the opening direction through the electric push rod until the opening is shielded, and the sealing block is controlled to be separated from the opening when the metabolite and the water need to be extracted.
And fourthly, the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate are in a fit state, so that the metabolite blockage caused by a gap between the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate is prevented from being difficult to clean.
Fifthly, the through sliding groove on the sliding groove mounting block is made of soft rubber materials and has good ductility, the part of the connecting rod passing through the through sliding groove can be automatically closed, the sliding groove is directly formed in the sliding groove mounting block, and the metabolite can be prevented from floating upwards from the sliding groove to influence the gathering effect of the metabolite.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of a double-layer screen switching device according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of a first mesh plate and a second mesh plate in a superposed state according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate in a staggered arrangement state according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a switching oscillation element according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the culture fish pond and the metabolite gathering device according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a first top view of the culture fish pond and metabolite gathering device of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a second top view of the culture fish pond and the metabolite gathering device of the invention.
Reference numerals:
1. breeding a fish pond; 2. a double-layer screen plate switching device; 21. a first mesh plate; 22. a second mesh plate; 23. switching an oscillating component; 231. a mounting frame; 232. a first motor; 233. rotating the disc; 234. a drive rod; 235. a first driving block; 236. a second driving block; 237. a spring; 24. a telescopic connecting component; 241. a first sliding plate; 242. a second sliding plate; 243. a chute mounting sleeve; 3. a metabolite gathering device; 31. a first drive gathering assembly; 32. a second drive gathering assembly; 321. a screw rod sliding table; 322. a connecting rod; 33. a chute mounting block; 34. a first gathering plate; 35. a second gathered sheet; 4. the sliding groove is communicated; 5. a closure assembly; 51. a sealing block; 52. an electric push rod.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the specific embodiments of the present invention and the accompanying drawings. It is to be understood that the described embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention, and not restrictive of the full scope of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The technical solutions provided by the embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to fig. 1 to 9.
The embodiment of the invention provides a device for separating water and metabolites for aquaculture, which comprises a fish culture pond 1, a double-layer screen plate switching device 2 and a metabolite gathering device 3, the double-layer screen plate switching device 2 and the metabolite gathering device 3 are both arranged in the fish pond 1, the double-layer screen plate switching device 2 comprises a first screen plate 21, a second screen plate 22, a switching oscillation assembly 23 and a telescopic connecting assembly 24, the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are stacked at the lower end of the fish pond 1, the switching oscillation assembly 23 is arranged at one side in the fish culture pond 1 and is respectively connected with the side ends of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22, the telescopic connecting assemblies 24 are arranged on two sides of the culture fish pond 1 far away from the switching oscillating assembly 23 and are respectively connected with the side ends of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22; the invention divides the internal space of the fish culture pond 1 into two areas from top to bottom through the double-layer mesh plate switching device 2, the upper part of the double-layer mesh plate switching device 2 is a moving area for culturing organisms, metabolites of the cultured organisms can pass through the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 to reach the area below the double-layer mesh plate switching device 2 and deposit on the bottom of the fish culture pond 1, the cultured organisms cannot pass through the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22, so the space below the double-layer mesh plate switching device 2 is a metabolite accumulation space, the metabolites are dispersed in the space, the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 can present two states through the control of the switching oscillating assembly 23, the first state is that the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 are superposed with the meshes on the second mesh plate 22, the metabolites of the cultured organisms can pass through the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 and fall to the bottom of the fish culture pond 1, when metabolites are accumulated to a certain amount, the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are controlled to be switched to a second state through the switching oscillation assembly 23, meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and meshes on the second mesh plate 22 are arranged in a staggered mode, and parts without meshes on the surfaces of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 can shield parts of meshes on the surfaces of the other parts, so that an accumulation space of the metabolites below the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 forms a sealed space, the metabolite gathering device is used for facilitating the metabolite gathering device 3 to gather the metabolites accumulated at the bottom end of the fish pond 1 together, the metabolites cannot penetrate through the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 when floating upwards, the gathering and collection of the metabolites are influenced, and after the metabolites are gathered to a small area through the metabolite gathering device 3, the metabolites and the water mixed with the metabolites in the area can be extracted, the method has small water pumping amount, does not influence the ecological environment in the fish pond 1, and separates the metabolites in the water in the fish pond 1 to the maximum extent.
Preferably, the switching oscillating assembly 23 includes an installation frame 231, a first motor 232, a rotating disc 233, two driving rods 234, a first driving block 235, a second driving block 236 and springs 237, an installation groove is formed in a lower portion of one side of the fishpond 1, the installation frame 231 is disposed in the installation groove, through openings are formed in two ends of one side of the installation frame 231, the first motor 232 is disposed in a middle of one side of the installation frame 231 and located in the installation groove, the rotating disc 233 is disposed at an output end of the first motor 232, the first driving block 235 and the second driving block 236 are disposed in the through openings at two ends of the installation frame 231, the springs 237 are provided in a plurality of numbers, springs 237 are disposed on two sides of the first driving block 235 and the second driving block 236, each spring 237 is connected to a side end of the through opening, two driving rods 234 are symmetrically disposed at two ends of the rotating disc 233, and one end of each driving rod 234 is connected to a side end of the rotating disc 233 The other ends of the two driving rods 234 are respectively connected with the side ends of a first driving block 235 and a second driving block 236 in a rotating manner, the side end of the first mesh plate 21 is connected with one side of the first driving block 235 far away from the rotating disc 233, the side end of the second mesh plate 22 is connected with one side of the second driving block 236 far away from the rotating disc 233, and one sides of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 far away from the first driving block 235 and the second driving block 236 are in sliding fit with the side end of the fish culture pond 1.
Preferably, the telescopic connecting assembly 24 comprises a first sliding plate 241, a second sliding plate 242 and two sliding groove mounting sleeves 243, the two sliding groove mounting sleeves 243 are respectively arranged at two side ends of the fishpond 1 far away from the rotating disc 233, the first sliding plate 241 is arranged at the side end of the first mesh plate 21 and is in sliding fit with one of the sliding groove mounting sleeves 243, the second sliding plate 242 is arranged at the opposite side of the first sliding plate 241, the second sliding plate 242 is connected with the side end of the second mesh plate 22, and the second sliding plate 242 is in sliding fit with the other sliding groove mounting sleeve 243; the surfaces of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are uniformly provided with a plurality of meshes, the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the meshes on the second mesh plate 22 are overlapped with each other by adjusting the positions of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22, metabolites of cultivated organisms can pass through the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 and fall to the bottom end of the fish pond 1, under the condition that the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are mutually staggered, the parts without meshes on the surfaces can shield the parts with meshes on the surfaces of the other parts, so that the accumulation space of the metabolites below the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 forms a sealed space, when the metabolite gathering device 3 gathers together the metabolites accumulated at the bottom end of the fish pond 1, the metabolites cannot pass through the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 when floating upwards, thereby influencing the gathering and collection of metabolites, the switching oscillation component 23 can control the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 to switch between the two states, in a normal state, meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in a mutual coincident state, when metabolites need to be gathered together, the first motor 232 is controlled to work to drive the rotating disc 233 to rotate for a certain angle, thereby driving the two driving rods 234 to rotate, under the cooperation of the plurality of springs 237, the first driving block 235 and the second driving block 236 simultaneously move towards each other, thereby driving the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 to simultaneously move towards the opposite side direction until the meshes on the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are mutually staggered, the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 can drive the first sliding plate 241 and the second sliding plate 242 to slide towards the outside in the two chute mounting sleeves 243 in the moving process, because the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are overlapped, a gap is generated between the side end of the first mesh plate and the side end of the fish culture pond 1, the first sliding plate 241 and the second sliding plate 242 are used for filling the gap, and simultaneously, the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate can also play a role in preventing the metabolites from floating upwards when gathering together.
Preferably, the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in a joint state; the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in a fit state, and the situation that metabolite is clamped between the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate and is difficult to clean due to the gap between the first mesh plate and the second mesh plate is avoided.
Preferably, the metabolite gathering device 3 includes a first driving gathering component 31, a second driving gathering component 32, a chute mounting block 33, a first gathering plate 34 and a second gathering plate 35, the chute mounting block 33 has two, one of the chute mounting block 33 is disposed on the side wall of the culture fishpond 1, the chute mounting block 33 is opposite to the switching oscillation component 23, the side ends of the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in sliding fit with the chute mounting block 33, the other one of the chute mounting block 33 is disposed on the side wall of the culture fishpond 1 and is connected with one of the telescopic connection components 24, the first driving gathering component 31 and the second driving gathering component 32 are respectively disposed on the two chute mounting blocks 33, the first gathering plate 34 is disposed at the bottom end of the first driving gathering component 31 and is located at the bottom end of the culture fishpond 1, and the first gathering plate 34 is parallel to the side wall of the adjacent culture fishpond 1, the second gathers together the board 35 and sets up the bottom that gathers together the subassembly 32 in the second drive and be located breed fish pond 1, and the second gathers together the board 35 parallel with the lateral wall of breeding fish pond 1 that is close to, the length that the board 35 was gathered together to the second is less than the first length that gathers together the board 34, the first height that gathers together board 34 and second and gathers together board 35 is less than second mesh plate 22.
Preferably, the first drive gathering component 31 and the second drive gathering component 32 have the same structure, the second drive gathering component 32 includes a screw rod sliding table 321 and a connecting rod 322, the screw rod sliding table 321 is arranged outside the fish pond 1, the top end of the connecting rod 322 is connected with the output end of the screw rod sliding table 321, the bottom end of the connecting rod 322 passes through the chute mounting block 33 and is in sliding fit with the chute mounting block 33 in the horizontal direction, the bottom end of the connecting rod 322 is located below the bottom end of the chute mounting block 33, and the second gathering plate 35 is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting rod 322; after the accumulation space of the metabolites below the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 forms a sealed space by switching the oscillating assembly 23, as shown in fig. 8, at this time, the first gathering plate 34 and the second gathering plate 35 are respectively located at the side walls at the two sides of the bottom end of the fish pond 1, the work of the screw rod sliding table 321 is controlled, so as to drive the first gathering plate 34 arranged on the connecting rod 322 to move towards the second gathering plate 35, the metabolites accumulated at the bottom end of the fish pond 1 are pushed towards the second gathering plate 35 in the moving process until the first gathering plate 34 is contacted with the second gathering plate 35, so far, the metabolites are sealed in the space enclosed by the first gathering plate 34 and the second gathering plate 35, then the second gathering plate 35 is controlled to move towards the opposite side direction by the second driving gathering assembly 32, as shown in fig. 9, and finally the metabolites are gathered in a smaller space, and first gather together board 34 and the second gather together even a plurality of meshs that are provided with on the board 35, and be equipped with the filter screen on the mesh, be equipped with the mesh so that first gather together board 34 and the second gather together board 35 when removing water can pass first board 34 and the second gather together board 35, can not increase the water yield in the subregion, two filter screens can block the aquatic metabolite that passes first board 34 and the second gather together board 35 in the subregion, it can to extract this regional metabolite and the water of thoughtlessly gathering the metabolite at last, realized through less pumping volume, neither can influence the ecological environment in breeding fish pond 1, and maximum has carried out the effect of separation to the metabolite of breeding in the fish pond 1 aquatic.
Preferably, a through sliding groove 4 for the connecting rod 322 to slide is formed at the top end of each sliding groove mounting block 33, and the through sliding groove 4 is made of soft rubber; the through sliding groove 4 on the sliding groove mounting block 33 is made of soft rubber, has good ductility, and the part of the connecting rod 322 passing through the through sliding groove 4 can be automatically closed, so that the sliding groove is directly formed in the sliding groove mounting block 33, and the metabolite can be prevented from floating upwards from the sliding groove, thereby influencing the gathering effect of the metabolite.
Preferably, the sealing device further comprises a sealing assembly 5, the sealing assembly 5 is arranged below the first sliding plate 241, one end of the first sliding plate 241 is provided with an opening, and a placing groove is arranged at the side end of the sliding groove mounting sleeve 243 which is in sliding fit with the first sliding plate 241, the sealing assembly 5 comprises a sealing block 51 and an electric push rod 52, the electric push rod 52 is arranged at the bottom end of the first sliding plate 241, and the sealing block 51 is arranged at the output end of the electric push rod 52 and is positioned at one side of the opening of the first sliding plate 241; when the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in a staggered state, the openings of the sealing component 5 and the first sliding plate 241 are positioned in the placing groove of the chute mounting sleeve 243, when the first mesh plate 21 and the second mesh plate 22 are in a superposed state, the opening of the first sliding plate 241 and the sealing component 5 are positioned right above the first gathering plate 34 and the second gathering plate 35 to gather metabolites into a smaller space, the function of the utility model is that after the metabolites are gathered together, the water pumping pipe of the water pump can be conveniently pumped from the outside through the metabolites and the water containing the metabolites in the area from the opening, however, in the process of gathering the metabolites, in order to avoid the metabolites from floating upward from the opening, the electric push rod 52 controls the closing block 51 to move toward the opening until the opening is blocked, and the closing block 51 is controlled to be separated from the opening when the metabolites and water need to be extracted.
The above description is only an example of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention. Various modifications and alterations to this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an aquaculture water and metabolite splitter, is including breeding fish pond (1), its characterized in that, still includes double-deck otter board auto-change over device (2) and metabolite gathering device (3), double-deck otter board auto-change over device (2) and metabolite gathering device (3) all set up the inside of breeding fish pond (1), double-deck otter board auto-change over device (2) are including first otter board (21), second otter board (22), switch oscillation assembly (23) and flexible coupling assembling (24), first otter board (21) and second otter board (22) pile up the lower extreme that sets up in breeding fish pond (1), switch oscillation assembly (23) set up one side in breeding fish pond (1) and respectively with the side connection of first otter board (21) and second otter board (22), flexible coupling assembling (24) set up keep away from the both sides of switching assembly (23) in breeding fish pond (1) and respectively with first otter board (21) Is connected with the side end of the second mesh plate (22).
2. The apparatus for separating water from metabolites for aquaculture according to claim 1, wherein the switching oscillating module (23) comprises a mounting frame (231), a first motor (232), a rotating disc (233), a driving rod (234), a first driving block (235), a second driving block (236) and springs (237), wherein the mounting frame (231) is disposed in the mounting groove, the two ends of one side of the mounting frame (231) are both provided with through openings, the first motor (232) is disposed in the middle of one side of the mounting frame (231) and is located in the mounting groove, the rotating disc (233) is disposed at the output end of the first motor (232), the first driving block (235) and the second driving block (236) are disposed in the through openings at the two ends of the mounting frame (231), and the springs (237) are provided in plurality, springs (237) are arranged on two sides of the first driving block (235) and the second driving block (236), each spring (237) is connected with the side end of the through opening, the two driving rods (234) are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the rotating disc (233), one end of each driving rod (234) is rotatably connected with the side end of the rotating disc (233), the other end of each driving rod (234) is rotatably connected with the side ends of the first driving block (235) and the second driving block (236), the side end of the first mesh plate (21) is connected with one side of the first driving block (235) far away from the rotating disc (233), the side end of the second mesh plate (22) is connected with one side of the second driving block (236) far away from the rotating disc (233), one side of the first mesh plate (21) and one side of the second mesh plate (22), which are far away from the first driving block (235) and the second driving block (236), are in sliding fit with the side end of the fish culture pond (1).
3. The aquaculture water and metabolite separation apparatus of claim 2, wherein the telescopic connection assembly (24) comprises two first sliding plates (241), two second sliding plates (242) and two chute mounting sleeves (243), the two chute mounting sleeves (243) are respectively disposed on two side ends of the aquaculture fish pond (1) far away from the rotating disc (233), the first sliding plate (241) is disposed on a side end of the first mesh plate (21) and is in sliding fit with one of the chute mounting sleeves (243), the second sliding plate (242) is disposed on an opposite side of the first sliding plate (241), the second sliding plate (242) is connected with a side end of the second mesh plate (22) and the second sliding plate (242) is in sliding fit with the other chute mounting sleeve (243).
4. The apparatus for separating water from metabolites for aquaculture according to claim 1, wherein said first mesh plate (21) and said second mesh plate (22) are attached.
5. The aquaculture water and metabolite separation equipment according to claim 1, wherein the metabolite gathering device (3) comprises a first driving gathering component (31), a second driving gathering component (32), a chute mounting block (33), a first gathering plate (34) and a second gathering plate (35), the number of the chute mounting blocks (33) is two, one of the chute mounting blocks (33) is arranged on the side wall of the aquaculture fishpond (1) and the chute mounting block (33) is opposite to the switching oscillation component (23), the side ends of the first mesh plate (21) and the second mesh plate (22) are in sliding fit with the chute mounting block (33), the other chute mounting block (33) is arranged on the side wall of the aquaculture fishpond (1) and is connected with one of the telescopic oscillation components (24), the first driving gathering component (31) and the second driving gathering component (32) are respectively arranged on the two chute mounting blocks (33), first gather together board (34) and set up the bottom of gathering together subassembly (31) and being located the bottom of breeding fish pond (1) in first drive, and first gather together board (34) and the lateral wall parallel of breeding fish pond (1) that is close to, second gather together board (35) and set up the bottom of gathering together subassembly (32) and being located the bottom of breeding fish pond (1) in the second drive, and second gather together board (35) and the lateral wall parallel of breeding fish pond (1) that is close to, the length that board (35) were gathered together to the second is less than the first length of gathering together board (34).
6. The aquaculture water and metabolite separation equipment of claim 5, wherein the first drive gathering component (31) and the second drive gathering component (32) are identical in structure, the second drive gathering component (32) comprises a screw rod sliding table (321) and a connecting rod (322), the screw rod sliding table (321) is arranged on the outer side of the aquaculture fish pond (1), the top end of the connecting rod (322) is connected with the output end of the screw rod sliding table (321), the bottom end of the connecting rod (322) penetrates through the chute mounting block (33) and is in sliding fit with the chute mounting block (33) in the horizontal direction, the bottom end of the connecting rod (322) is located below the bottom end of the chute mounting block (33), and the second gathering plate (35) is arranged at the bottom end of the connecting rod (322).
7. The aquaculture water and metabolite separation equipment of claim 6, wherein the top end of each chute mounting block (33) is provided with a through sliding groove (4), and the through sliding grooves (4) are made of soft rubber.
8. The aquaculture water and metabolite separation device according to claim 3, further comprising a closing assembly (5), wherein the closing assembly (5) is disposed below the first sliding plate (241), one end of the first sliding plate (241) is provided with an opening, a side end of the sliding groove mounting sleeve (243) in sliding fit with the first sliding plate is provided with a placing groove, the closing assembly (5) comprises a closing block (51) and an electric push rod (52), the electric push rod (52) is disposed at the bottom end of the first sliding plate (241), and the closing block (51) is disposed at the output end of the electric push rod (52) and is located at one side of the opening of the first sliding plate (241).
CN202111103434.0A 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 Aquaculture water and metabolite splitter Active CN113545314B (en)

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CN114946738A (en) * 2022-05-23 2022-08-30 珠海粤顺水产养殖有限公司 Be used for weever to breed water filtration cycle purifier
CN115517218A (en) * 2022-09-21 2022-12-27 江苏省农业科学院泰州农科所 Fry breeding and pollution discharging device
CN116008009A (en) * 2023-02-22 2023-04-25 山东明波海洋设备有限公司 Sampling equipment for aquaculture water quality detection

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CN116008009B (en) * 2023-02-22 2023-06-09 山东明波海洋设备有限公司 Sampling equipment for aquaculture water quality detection

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Denomination of invention: Aquaculture water and metabolite separation equipment

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