CN208318175U - A kind of fruit stoner - Google Patents

A kind of fruit stoner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208318175U
CN208318175U CN201820479439.0U CN201820479439U CN208318175U CN 208318175 U CN208318175 U CN 208318175U CN 201820479439 U CN201820479439 U CN 201820479439U CN 208318175 U CN208318175 U CN 208318175U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
formed punch
seeder
pressing plate
slide bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820479439.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐志远
肖奇
王凤娇
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Xiangtan University
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Xiangtan University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xiangtan University filed Critical Xiangtan University
Priority to CN201820479439.0U priority Critical patent/CN208318175U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208318175U publication Critical patent/CN208318175U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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  • Apparatuses For Bulk Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables And Apparatuses For Preparing Feeds (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of fruit stoners, including power device, elastic clip equipment, conveying device, seeder and cleaning device, conveying device includes two groups of sprocket wheels, two groups of sprocket wheels pass through sprocket wheel axis connection, a chain is surrounded on every group of sprocket wheel respectively, chain is designed using crawler type, is equipped with a delivery board on two chains between respective link, delivery board is equipped with multiple fruit holes, is equipped with elastic clip equipment in fruit hole;Power device includes two groups of motors, and toothed gearing electric motor is connect with belt wheel, driving seeder movement, and stepper motor and a sprocket wheel axis connection realize that sprocket wheel drives the intermittent movement of chain;Seeder includes guide rod, sliding block, connecting rod, slide bar, backing plate and slide bar sleeve;Seeder can be realized the ajusting of fruit, be enucleated and rushing for pulp falls;Cleaning device is arranged at the lower part of the discharge opening.The utility model realizes the Mechanized Processing of fruit stoning, improves production efficiency and fruit stone rate of cleaning;Reduce the labor intensity of operator.

Description

A kind of fruit stoner
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fruit technical field of processing equipment, is specifically related to a kind of fruit stoner.
Background technique
National nutrition intake situation is one national economic and social development of reflection, health care level and population health quality Important indicator.For fruit because of material nutritions such as vitamin rich in, dietary fibers, have become people's ordinary meal must Estovers.For some fruits, need just to can be carried out finishing after being enucleated, the quality of stoning will directly influence the pin of fruit prods Amount, therefore requirement of each fruit processing producer to the stoning of fruit is higher and higher.Traditional fruit pitting method generally uses people The form of work or semi-machine is carried out except core, for example, notification number be CN201510393516 .1 " a kind of apple corer, including One handle and a sleeve, the front end of the sleeve are provided with sawtooth.The advantages of apple corer of the invention, is: with saw Tooth can quickly make brokenly the hard surface of apple, to will not slide, use is safer, take out slot, Neng Goufang with fruit stone Just take away the fruit stone cut, use is more convenient ", this method efficiency being enucleated manually is relatively low, and pulp is complete after stoning Whole property is also undesirable.Meanwhile manual processing working condition is poor, does not often meet national health check criteria;Manual processing produces The quality of product is affected by human factors greatly, be easy to cause product quality unqualified, and part pulp is caused to be dropped, and is caused serious Wastage of material, economic cost improve.
Currently, the stoner of semi-machine form has the stoner of DG series, what is utilized is sound lunge penetration theory, i.e., When formed punch is rushed object to rush at a high speed, being rushed object will be left behind the shape of a spurt object, and during spurt, Pulp is damaged since formed punch and fruit contact level product are big, after impact larger.
In conclusion being directed to the deficiency of above-mentioned fruit stoner, it would be highly desirable to propose the new skill of sorting, conveying and the stoning of fruit Art, solve the problems, such as fruit Enucleation efficiency is low, pulp damage it is big.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provide it is a kind of it is easy to operate, Enucleation efficiency is high, pulp integrality Good fruit stoner, the device can reduce the labor intensity of operator, preferably separate the fruit stone and pulp of fruit.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of fruit stoner, including power device, elastic clip equipment, Conveying device, seeder and cleaning device, conveying device include two groups of sprocket wheels, and respective sprockets pass through sprocket shaft in two groups of sprocket wheels It connects, is surrounded with a chain on every group of sprocket wheel respectively, chain is designed using crawler type, is equipped with one on two chains between respective link A delivery board, delivery board are equipped with multiple fruit holes, are equipped with elastic clip equipment in fruit hole;The seeder include guide rod, Sliding block, connecting rod, slide bar, backing plate and slide bar sleeve;The guide rod, backing plate are mounted on frame top, and backing plate is located under delivery board Side, on guide rod, sliding block is located above the delivery board of corresponding position slide block set;Slider bottom is equipped with one group of pulp formed punch, one group of pendulum Positive formed punch and one group of stoning pipe;Pulp formed punch, ajust formed punch and stoning pipe correspond respectively to fruit hole setting;Stoning pipe is located at pulp Formed punch and fruit are ajusted between formed punch;Correspond to stoning pipe on the backing plate and is equipped with fruit stone mandril;Slide bar sleeve is mounted on machine On frame;Slide bar passes through slide bar sleeve, and upper end is connect with sliding block, and the upper end of lower end and connecting rod is hinged;The lower end of connecting rod and power fill Set connection;Rack is equipped with elevating hopper, and elevating hopper is located at the top of corresponding position delivery board, and the cleaning device setting is discharging The lower part of mouth;The power device can drive sliding block to move up and down, and can be realized the interval fortune of chain in conveying device It is dynamic.
In above-mentioned fruit stoner, the seeder further includes pressing plate, and pressing plate is fixedly mounted on sliding block, described Stoning pipe, pulp formed punch and ajust formed punch and be mounted on pressing plate, the top of pressing plate is equipped with pressing plate cover, and pressing plate is formed with pressing plate cover Fruit stone guide groove, fruit stone guide groove are connected to stoning pipe;Fruit stone is oriented to channel opening towards the waste material box in rack.
In above-mentioned fruit stoner, the power device includes two motors, and a motor is arranged close to seeder, should Motor output shaft is equipped with driving pulley, and rack is equipped with driven pulley;Driving pulley is connect with driven pulley by flat rubber belting, from Movable belt pulley and connecting rod lower end are hinged;Another motor is equipped with belt wheel, band using stepper motor, the output shaft of another motor Wheel is connect by flat rubber belting with the belt pulley on a sprocket shaft, realizes sprocket wheel intermittent rotary.
In above-mentioned fruit stoner, two motors in the power device are mounted on the rack by motor cabinet, electricity The mounting hole of base is waist-shaped hole;Motor cabinet in rack corresponding to two motors is respectively equipped with adjusting bolt, and adjusting bolt can The position of corresponding motor cabinet is adjusted, flat rubber belting is tensioned.
In above-mentioned fruit stoner, the elastic clip equipment includes sleeve, and sleeve upper end is equipped with for fixing Flange, lower end are equipped with multiple elastic slices, and multiple elastic slice compositions present fine taper structure lower greatly.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that the utility model is conveyed using chain and delivery board Fruit;And by elastic clip equipment and ajust formed punch fruit is adjusted and ajust, pass through stoning pipe and fruit stone mandril carries out Stoning;The mechanization production for realizing fruit stoning, reduces the labor intensity of operator, improves production efficiency and fruit stone Rate of cleaning;The utility model is removed fruit stone using the hollow stoning pipe of tubulose, damages when solving formed punch stoning to pulp Hurt big problem.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the general assembly drawing of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the elastic clip equipment of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of the seeder of the utility model.
In figure: 1- rack, 2- toothed gearing electric motor, 3- motor cabinet, 4- driving pulley, 5- flat rubber belting, 6- driven pulley, 7- fruit Meat collection box, 8- slide bar sleeve, 9- sprocket shaft, 10- bearing block, 11- backing plate, 12- slide bar, 13- delivery board, 14- waste material box, 15- pulp formed punch, 16- stoning pipe, 17- bearing block, 18- pressing plate cover, 181- pressing plate, 19-, which ajust formed punch, 20- guide rod, 201-, to be slided Block, 21- elevating hopper, 22- sprocket shaft, 23- belt wheel, 24- flat rubber belting, 25- big belt wheel, 26- asynchronous machine, 27- belt wheel, 28- motor Seat, 29- connecting rod, 30- flange, 31- sleeve, 32- elastic slice.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model includes power device, elastic clip equipment, conveying device, seeder and cleaning Device, the conveying device include two groups of sprocket wheels, and two groups of sprocket wheels are mounted in rack 1, corresponding sprocket wheel in two groups of sprocket wheels Between pass through sprocket wheel axis connection.A chain is surrounded on every group of sprocket wheel respectively, is arranged in parallel on two chains.It is corresponding on two chains A delivery board 13 is equipped between chain link, delivery board 13 is equipped with multiple fruit holes, is equipped with elastic clip equipment in fruit hole.
As shown in Fig. 2, the elastic clip equipment includes sleeve 31,31 upper end of sleeve is equipped with flange for fixing 30, lower end is equipped with multiple elastic slices 32, and multiple compositions of elastic slice 32 present fine taper structure lower greatly.
As shown in Figure 1,3, the seeder includes guide rod 20, sliding block 201, connecting rod 29, slide bar 12, pressing plate 181, pad Plate 11 and slide bar sleeve 8;Backing plate is mounted on 1 top of rack, is located at 13 lower section of corresponding position delivery board, and the guide rod 20 is pacified vertically In rack 1, the sliding block 201 is sleeved on guide rod 20, is located at 13 top of corresponding position delivery board, the pressing plate 181 It is mounted on sliding block 201,181 bottom of pressing plate is equipped with one group 15, one groups of pulp formed punch and ajusts formed punch 19 and one group of stoning pipe 16;Fruit Meat formed punch 15 ajusts formed punch 19 and stoning pipe 16 corresponds respectively to the setting of fruit hole, and stoning pipe 16, which is located at, pulp formed punch 15 and to be ajusted Between formed punch 19.The bottom for being enucleated pipe 16 is equipped with lance tooth or arc-shaped gear, convenient for incision pulp.It is corresponding on the backing plate 11 Fruit stone mandril is equipped in stoning pipe;Pressing plate cover 18 is mounted on 181 top of pressing plate, forms fruit stone guide groove with pressing plate 181, fruit stone is led It is connected to slot with stoning pipe;Fruit stone is oriented to channel opening towards the waste material box 14 in rack 1.The slide bar sleeve 8 is mounted on machine On frame 1;Slide bar 12 passes through slide bar sleeve 8, and upper end is connect with sliding block 201, and lower end and the upper end of connecting rod 29 are hinged.It is set in rack 1 There is elevating hopper 21, elevating hopper 21 is located at the top of corresponding position delivery board 13.
The power device includes motor 2 and motor 26, and using toothed gearing electric motor, motor 2 is close to be gone motor 2 Nuclear device is arranged, and is respectively equipped with driving pulley 4 on the output shaft at 2 both ends of motor, 1 two sides of rack are respectively equipped with driven pulley 6;It is main Movable belt pulley 4 is connect with driven pulley 6 by flat rubber belting 5, and driven pulley 6 and 29 lower end of connecting rod are hinged.Motor 26 is using stepping Motor, the output shaft of motor 26 are equipped with belt wheel 27, and belt wheel 27 is connect by flat rubber belting with the belt wheel 23 on a sprocket shaft, realize chain Intermittent rotary is taken turns, to realize the intermittent rotary of chain.
The cleaning device includes pulp collection box 7, inlet tube and outlet tube, and cleaning hairbrush utilizes the hydraulic pressure of entery and delivery port Difference, complete hard nylon bristle the quick rotation in pulp collection box 7, the phase mutual friction between pulp and hairbrush and fruit it Between mutual movement, realize random rolling of the pulp in box.
The power of motor 2 slows down by V belt translation, sends power to slide bar 12, slide bar 12 is realized and slided with movable slider 201 The up and down action of block 201.Motor 26 is connect by flat rubber belting 24 with sprocket shaft 22, using the respective pulses number of set-up of control system, Realize the intermittent movement of chain.By fruit down in elevating hopper 21, elevating hopper 21 drops down onto fruit shelves in dress fruit hole, and fills fruit Elastic clip equipment is housed in hole, just, when so that rushing core can be realized the fruit folder for falling into dress fruit hole by ajusting formed punch 19 To the heart.Stepper motor band movable sprocket rotates clockwise, to drive dress fruit delivery board intermittent movement.Ajust formed punch 19, stoning Pipe 16, pulp formed punch 15 are sequentially arranged on pressing plate 181, and sliding block 201 is moved up and down with dynamic pressure plate 181, to complete to ajust, go Core collects the processes such as pulp.Fruit stone mandril on backing plate 11 can push up from the bottom up fruit stone to waste material box 14, collect fruit Core.Pulp punching is dropped down onto pulp collection box 7 by pulp formed punch 15, is cleaned using pulp of the cleaning device to collection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of fruit stoner, it is characterized in that: including power device, elastic clip equipment, conveying device, seeder and clear Cleaning device, conveying device include two groups of sprocket wheels, in two groups of sprocket wheels respective sprockets by sprocket wheel axis connection, on every group of sprocket wheel rotating around It is surrounded by a chain, chain is designed using crawler type, is equipped with a delivery board on two chains between respective link, and delivery board is equipped with Multiple fruit holes are equipped with elastic clip equipment in fruit hole;The seeder include guide rod, sliding block, connecting rod, slide bar, backing plate and Slide bar sleeve;The guide rod, backing plate are mounted on frame top, and backing plate is located at below delivery board, and slide block set is sliding on guide rod Block is located above the delivery board of corresponding position;Slider bottom ajusts formed punch and one group of stoning pipe equipped with one group of pulp formed punch, one group;Pulp Formed punch, ajust formed punch and stoning pipe correspond respectively to fruit hole setting;Stoning pipe is located at pulp formed punch and fruit is ajusted between formed punch; Correspond to stoning pipe on the backing plate and is equipped with fruit stone mandril;Slide bar sleeve is mounted on the rack;Slide bar passes through slide bar sleeve, on End is connect with sliding block, and the upper end of lower end and connecting rod is hinged;The lower end of connecting rod is connect with power device;Rack is equipped with elevating hopper, Elevating hopper is located at the top of corresponding position delivery board, and the lower part of discharge port is arranged in the cleaning device;The power device Sliding block can be driven to move up and down, and can be realized the intermittent movement of chain in conveying device.
2. fruit stoner according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the seeder further includes pressing plate, pressing plate is solid Dingan County the stoning pipe, pulp formed punch and ajusts formed punch and is mounted on pressing plate on the sliding block, and the top of pressing plate is equipped with pressing plate Cover, pressing plate and pressing plate cover form fruit stone guide groove, and fruit stone guide groove is connected to stoning pipe;Fruit stone is oriented to channel opening towards in rack Waste material box.
3. fruit stoner according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the power device includes two motors, a motor It is arranged close to seeder, which is equipped with driving pulley, and rack is equipped with driven pulley;Driving pulley with it is driven Belt wheel is connected by flat rubber belting, and driven pulley and connecting rod lower end are hinged;Another motor using stepper motor, another motor Output shaft is equipped with belt wheel, and belt wheel is connect by flat rubber belting with the belt pulley on a sprocket shaft, realizes sprocket wheel intermittent rotary.
4. fruit stoner according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: two motors in the power device pass through motor Seat is mounted on the rack, and the mounting hole of motor cabinet is waist-shaped hole;Motor cabinet in rack corresponding to two motors is respectively equipped with adjusting Bolt, the position of corresponding motor cabinet can be adjusted by adjusting bolt, be tensioned flat rubber belting.
5. fruit stoner according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the elastic clip equipment includes sleeve, sleeve Upper end is equipped with flange for fixing, and lower end is equipped with multiple elastic slices, and multiple elastic slice compositions present fine taper structure lower greatly.
CN201820479439.0U 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of fruit stoner Expired - Fee Related CN208318175U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820479439.0U CN208318175U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of fruit stoner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820479439.0U CN208318175U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of fruit stoner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208318175U true CN208318175U (en) 2019-01-04

Family

ID=64780330

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820479439.0U Expired - Fee Related CN208318175U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 A kind of fruit stoner

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208318175U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108420080A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-08-21 湘潭大学 A kind of fruit stoner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108420080A (en) * 2018-04-08 2018-08-21 湘潭大学 A kind of fruit stoner

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190104

Termination date: 20210408