CN208317408U - A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester - Google Patents

A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208317408U
CN208317408U CN201820368296.6U CN201820368296U CN208317408U CN 208317408 U CN208317408 U CN 208317408U CN 201820368296 U CN201820368296 U CN 201820368296U CN 208317408 U CN208317408 U CN 208317408U
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China
Prior art keywords
garlic
plane
stalk
conveyer belt
shovel
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820368296.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海良
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN201820368296.6U priority Critical patent/CN208317408U/en
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Publication of CN208317408U publication Critical patent/CN208317408U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvesters, include tractor and the garlic harvesting device for being mounted on tractor front, the garlic harvesting device include organic frame and in the plane garlic transportation system set gradually in rack, garlic straw cutting and conveying system, roll screen system and garlic conveyer system.The utility model can cut off automatically Garlic straw during garlic harvests, and garlic straw concentration is deposited on ground, facilitate garlic farmers and arrange arable land;The garlic for removing soil is transmitted to ground and concentrates sunning by it, is packed convenient for garlic, the utility model cropper saving of labor, time saving, efficient, environmentally friendly, energy saving, is reduced harvest cost, is improved the economic benefit of garlic farmers.

Description

A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical fields, and in particular to a kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester.
Background technique
Garlic is labour-intensive cultivated crop, and harvest operation is the important link of its production process, and there are manual works Large labor intensity occupies the problems such as farming season is more, harvest season property is strong, harvesting loss is big, low efficiency, it has also become influences garlic production Develop, the main bottleneck of Industry growth.It therefore, is a kind of trend using mechanical harvest garlic.
That there is the degree of automation is low for existing garlic harvesting, harvesting loss is big, functional structure setting is unreasonable, harvest At high cost, low efficiency, it is time-consuming the deficiencies of.
Summary of the invention
The utility model is intended to provide a kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester, with improve garlic harvest operation efficiency, Reduce harvest cost.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester includes tractor and the garlic harvest dress for being mounted on tractor front Set, the garlic harvesting device include organic frame and in set gradually in rack plane garlic transportation system, garlic straw cutting and conveying system, Roll screen system and garlic conveyer system.
Wherein, above-mentioned plane garlic transportation system is for digging garlic and being transported at garlic straw cutting and conveying system.The plane Garlic transportation system includes 2 or more plane shovel groups, and each plane shovel group includes that 1 or more plane shovels and connect each plane shovel respectively Frame linking, the rear end for digging shovel are connect with gantry rotation, and hydraulic cylinder is connected between frame linking and rack, pass through the adjustable plane of control hydraulic cylinder Shovel enters the ground depth;Further include have with it is each plane shovel be correspondingly arranged with straw garlic conveyer belt with for will dig shovel dig with straw it is big Garlic is sent at stalk cutting and conveying system.
Garlic straw cutting and conveying system cuts the garlic straw with straw garlic, and the garlic straw cut are spread out of to collecting on ground Middle stacking.Garlic straw cutting and conveying system is located at plane garlic transportation system rear comprising has horizontal reciprocating cutterbar, positioned at past Stalk conveyer belt above compound cutter and be arranged above the driving wheel of the transmission end side of stalk conveyer belt one It pulls over fluted disc to stalk.The garlic straw cut through reciprocating cutterbar transmit outward with stalk conveyer belt, when being sent to end Garlic straw are dialed out into ground by stalk fluted disc of pulling over.
Screen system is rolled for accepting the garlic after being cut straw and being purged to the soil on garlic, while garlic being passed It send to garlic conveyer system.Rolling screen system includes the drum screen being made of the axis of rolling side by side, and one end of each axis of rolling is logical Chain conveyer is crossed, the end of plane garlic transportation system is extended on front side of drum screen, and there are appearances between the reciprocating cutterbar of top The space that garlic passes through.Garlic after cutting straw drops down on drum screen, and garlic can be real during transmitting outward with drum screen The rolling of soil is removed on existing garlic.
Garlic conveyer system includes the garlic conveyer belt positioned at drum screen rear, and the garlic concentration of harvest is sent to Ground.
The dynamical system of garlic harvesting device includes the active force gearbox being fixed on rear side of rack, active force gearbox Power intake connected by the power output end of Hooks coupling universal coupling and tractor, the power output end of active force gearbox with Transmission shaft V belt translation in rack, the axis of rolling chain conveyer on transmission shaft and drum screen, transmission shaft also with the speed change on front side of rack II V belt translation of case, gear box II lead to two-way power output, drive stalk to pull over fluted disc and stalk conveyer belt all the way, another way Drive reciprocating cutterbar.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that: it can cut off automatically Garlic straw during garlic harvests, and will Garlic straw concentration is deposited on ground, is facilitated garlic farmers and is arranged arable land;The garlic for removing soil is transmitted to ground and concentrates sunning by it, It is the utility model cropper saving of labor, time saving, efficient, environmentally friendly, energy saving convenient for garlic pack, harvest cost is reduced, garlic is improved The economic benefit of agriculture.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of garlic harvesting device in the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram with straw garlic conveyer belt in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of two driving wheels with straw garlic conveyer belt and Connection Bracket in the utility model;
In figure: 001 tractor, 002 garlic harvesting device, 1 plane shovel, 2 frame linkings, 3 hydraulic cylinders, 4 racks, 5 reciprocating cuttings Device, 6 stalk conveyer belts, 7 stalks are pulled over fluted disc, 8 axis of rolling, 9 active force gearboxes, 10 Hooks coupling universal couplings, 11 belt pulleys I, and 12 Transmission shaft, 13 chain wheel Is, 14 chain wheel IIs, 15 belt pulleys II, 16 gearboxes, 17 garlic conveyer belts, 18 band straw garlic conveyer belts, 19 Band straw garlic driving wheel, 20 hydraulic motors, 21 Connection Brackets, 22 baffles.
Specific embodiment
Clear, complete explanation is carried out to the technical solution of the utility model combined with specific embodiments below.
Embodiment 1
It is a kind of specific embodiment of technical solutions of the utility model as shown in attached drawing 1,2, in this embodiment, including There is tractor 001 and is mounted on the garlic harvesting device 002 of tractor front.Tractor configures wheeled Dongfanghong LX1200 calibration Power is 75-100 horsepowers;Garlic harvesting device include organic frame 4 and in set gradually in rack plane garlic transportation system, stalk Cutting and conveying system rolls screen system and garlic conveyer system.
Wherein, plane garlic transportation system includes the plane shovel group for digging shovel group and 24 plane shovels of 13 plane shovel, each to dig shovel group packet The frame linking 2 of plane shovel (plane shovel two sides are equipped with baffle 22) and each plane shovel of connection is included, the rear end for digging shovel is connect with gantry rotation, frame linking It is connected with hydraulic cylinder 3 between rack, digs the input quantity of shovel group by 3 cylinder controls and plane shovel group enters the ground depth, This aspect can adapt to that different working faces is wide, on the other hand can be reasonably adjusted according to ground height plane shovel to enter ground deep It is shallow to break once more garlics to avoid digging.Plane shovel group further include have with it is each plane shovel be correspondingly arranged band straw garlic conveyer belt (be Be equally spaced plectrum on the outside of Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap) to be sent to stalk cutting transmission system for the band straw garlic that shovel is dug will to be dug System, two driving wheels with straw garlic conveyer belt are connected by Connection Bracket, and Connection Bracket one end is connected on frame linking, separately One end is connect with gantry rotation so that its plane shovel between relative position it is always consistent, the band straw garlic conveyer belt is by hydraulic Motor drives transmission wheel drive.
Stalk cutting and conveying system is located at plane garlic transportation system rear comprising has horizontal reciprocating cutterbar 5, is located at It is arranged above the driving pulley of the transmission end side of stalk conveyer belt 6 and stalk conveyer belt above reciprocating cutterbar A pair of of stalk is pulled over fluted disc 7.The garlic straw cut through reciprocating cutterbar (are in outside of Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap etc. with stalk conveyer belt Away from plectrum is distributed with) it transmits outward, it by stalk fluted disc of pulling over (is to be distributed with to dial on disk outer when being sent to end Tooth) garlic straw are dialed out into ground.
Rolling screen system includes the drum screen being made of 8 axis of rolling 8 side by side, and one end of each axis of rolling is passed by chain It is dynamic, the end of plane garlic transportation system is extended on front side of drum screen, and logical there are garlic is held between the reciprocating cutterbar of top The space crossed;Garlic after cutting straw drops down on drum screen, and garlic can be achieved in garlic during transmitting outward with drum screen The rolling of upper soil is removed.
Garlic conveyer system includes being mounted on the subsequent garlic conveyer belt of drum screen, which is located under tractor chassis Portion is driven with the output end of active force gearbox and drives, and can concentrate the garlic of harvest and be transmitted to ground.
The dynamical system of garlic harvesting device includes the active force gearbox 9 being fixed on rear side of rack, active force speed change The power intake of case is connect by Hooks coupling universal coupling 10 with the power output end of tractor, the power output of active force gearbox End and 12 V belt translation of transmission shaft in rack, transmission shaft and 8 chain conveyer of the axis of rolling on drum screen, transmission shaft is also and on front side of rack 16 V belt translation of gear box II, gear box II leads to two-way power output, and stalk is driven to pull over fluted disc and stalk transmission all the way Band, another way drive reciprocating cutterbar.
The garlic combined harvester of the embodiment further includes the cropper operating system installed on the right side of steering wheel of tractor, energy The various function actions of enough convenient, flexible operation croppers.
Finally, it is stated that above embodiments are merely intended for describing the technical solutions of the present application, but not for limiting the present application, although ginseng The utility model is described in detail according to preferred embodiment, those skilled in the art should understand that, it can be to this The technical solution of utility model is modified or replaced equivalently, without departing from the objective and model of technical solutions of the utility model It encloses, should all cover in the scope of the claims of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester includes tractor (001) and the garlic harvest for being mounted on tractor front Device (002), it is characterised in that: the garlic harvesting device includes organic frame (4) and defeated in the plane garlic set gradually in rack It send system, stalk cutting and conveying system, roll screen system and garlic conveyer system;
Wherein, the plane garlic transportation system includes 2 groups or more plane shovel groups, each plane shovel for digging shovel group and respectively including 1 or more (1) it connect with gantry rotation, is connected between the frame linking and rack with the frame linking (2) of each plane shovel of connection, the rear end of the plane shovel Hydraulic cylinder (3), the plane shovel group further include having band straw garlic conveyer belt (18) being correspondingly arranged with each plane shovel, and band straw garlic transmits Band will dig the band straw garlic that shovel is dug and be sent to stalk diced system;
The stalk cutting and conveying system is located at plane garlic transportation system rear comprising has horizontal reciprocating cutterbar (5), position It is set above the driving pulley of the transmission end side of stalk conveyer belt (6) and stalk conveyer belt above reciprocating cutterbar A pair of of the stalk set pulls over fluted disc (7);
The rolling screen system includes the drum screen being made of the axis of rolling (8) side by side, and one end of each axis of rolling is passed by chain It is dynamic, the end of plane garlic transportation system is extended on front side of the drum screen, and there are hold garlic between the reciprocating cutterbar of top The space that head passes through;
The garlic conveyer system includes being mounted on the subsequent garlic conveyer belt (17) of drum screen, and the garlic conveyer belt will harvest Garlic concentrate be transmitted to ground.
2. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the plane garlic transportation system includes The plane shovel group for digging shovel group and 24 plane shovels of 13 plane shovel, 3 plane shovel groups control the depth by 3 hydraulic cylinders respectively.
3. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: two with straw garlic conveyer belt A band straw garlic driving wheel (19) is connected by Connection Bracket (21), and described Connection Bracket one end is connected on frame linking, separately One end is connect with gantry rotation.
4. according to claim 1 or the 3 full-automatic garlic combined harvesters, it is characterised in that: the band straw garlic conveyer belt Transmission wheel drive is driven by hydraulic motor (20).
5. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described band straw garlic conveyer belt or Stalk conveyer belt is to be equally spaced to have plectrum on the outside of Rubber Conveyor Belt Scrap.
6. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: stalk fluted disc of pulling over is in circle Moving tooth is distributed on outer in disk.
7. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the garlic conveyer belt is located at dilatory Machine chassis lower part is driven with the output end of active force gearbox and drives.
8. full-automatic garlic combined harvester according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the power of the garlic harvesting device System includes the active force gearbox (9) being fixed on rear side of rack, and the power intake of the active force gearbox passes through ten thousand It is connect to shaft coupling (10) with the power output end of tractor, the biography on the power output end and rack of the active force gearbox The axis of rolling (8) chain conveyer on moving axis (12) V belt translation, the transmission shaft and drum screen, the transmission shaft is also and on front side of rack Gear box II (16) V belt translation, the gear box II lead to two-way power output, drive stalk to pull over fluted disc and stalk all the way Conveyer belt, another way drive reciprocating cutterbar.
CN201820368296.6U 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester Expired - Fee Related CN208317408U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820368296.6U CN208317408U (en) 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820368296.6U CN208317408U (en) 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208317408U true CN208317408U (en) 2019-01-04

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201820368296.6U Expired - Fee Related CN208317408U (en) 2018-03-19 2018-03-19 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108293401A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-07-20 张海良 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108293401A (en) * 2018-03-19 2018-07-20 张海良 A kind of full-automatic garlic combined harvester

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GR01 Patent grant
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190104

Termination date: 20190319