CN207878810U - A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type - Google Patents

A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207878810U
CN207878810U CN201721616203.9U CN201721616203U CN207878810U CN 207878810 U CN207878810 U CN 207878810U CN 201721616203 U CN201721616203 U CN 201721616203U CN 207878810 U CN207878810 U CN 207878810U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
water purification
water
solar
sustainable
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721616203.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张凤熔
毛国柱
李梦婕
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201721616203.9U priority Critical patent/CN207878810U/en
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Publication of CN207878810U publication Critical patent/CN207878810U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/254Roof garden systems; Roof coverings with high solar reflectance
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings
    • Y02B80/32Roof garden systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type, including wind-driven generator, solar power system, vegetable layer, soil horizon, hypothallus, water purification captation and water tank.Solar power system includes solar panel, solar biaxial tracker, regulating device, accumulator, sensor;Water purification captation includes catch basin, drain gully, filter layer, waterproof layer, binder course.The utility model integrate energy storage, have a rest, water purification is catchmented multiple functions, and the burden of sewerage system during rainfall can be effectively relieved, the rainwater of storage is used for the irrigation of vegetation;Green Roof increases the green coverage in city, is conducive to carbon fixation and oxygen release, reduce air themperature and building because of direct sunlight raised temperature, reduce air-conditioning in building and use, providing a green for people naturally has a rest place;Wind generator system and the electric energy of solar power system storage can alleviate skyscraper peak period power supply pressure and power in Emergency time, and night to roof lighting, realizes the sustainable development of skyscraper.The utility model is simple in structure, and operation is convenient, is suitable for skyscraper sightseeing formula Green Roof.

Description

A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type
Technical field
The utility model is related to clean energy resource generating and energy storage devices and roof water purification captation, and in particular to sustainable development Exhibition field is suitable for skyscraper sightseeing formula Green Roof.
Background technology
With being constantly progressive for modern city, sustainable development has become the target of urban development, especially abundant In terms of clean energy resource and resource recycling.Living standards of the people are continuously improved at this stage, and household electrical appliance quantity is increased sharply, and use Electricity is also being multiplied, and especially big in peak times of power consumption summer power supply pressure, power shortage often occurs in urban skyscraper The phenomenon that.In order to solve this problem, using two kinds of clean energy resource electrification energy storage technologies of solar energy and wind energy, by solar power generation System and generator are combined with sightseeing formula roof, and the power supply pressure of skyscraper is effectively relieved, and are sightseeing formula roof at night Illumination.Solar panel angle changing, long-time should must absorb high intensity too with the variation of solar angle and elevation angle Positive energy.
In recent years, the waterproof underlying surface area in city expanded, along with the storm flood disaster in the whole country is sent out again and again Raw, waterlogging occurs in succession for each big city, and rainfall large area is detained, brings pressure to sewerage system, it is tight to even result in traffic It paralyses again, has seriously affected the normal life of city dweller.Important component of the roof as the waterproof underlying surface in city, It plays an important role in rainfall runoff.The ecological functions of Green Roof are numerous, can not only economize the land resource, and increase greening face Product, beautifies the environment, and rainfall runoff can also be reduced by the suction-operated of plant and soil, eventually by captation by rainwater Centralized recovery carries out secondary use.Collect rainwater has positive effect to alleviating river discharge pressure, China's shortage of water resources present situation, And it is the effective way for realizing sustainable utilization of water resource.
The requirement of deficiency energy saving for current skyscraper, in terms of resource and sightseeing formula roof, there is an urgent need to Develop a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type.
Utility model content
The utility model aim is in view of the above-mentioned problems, providing a kind of sustainable roof structure of water purification water collection type, this can Continue roof can in night automatic lighting, using two kinds of solar energy, wind energy clean energy resource electrification energy storages, and pass through Green Roof Purification to rainwater, accumulating capability are improved, irrigation water or other purposes are done after realizing rainwater purification.
The technical solution of the utility model:
A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type, including wind-driven generator, solar power system, vegetable layer, soil horizon, Mechanism layer, water purification captation and water tank.Wind-driven generator at least 4, and equipped with small behind the quadrangle on roof, fan Type solar panel, and LED illumination lamp is installed under small-sized solar solar panel;Solar panel is mounted on by fixed frame Roof center, and angle regulator is located at solar panel center, sensor is located in solar panel edge The heart;Soil horizon is the mixture of light sandy loam, fertile soil, porous fibrous material and vermiculite;The catch basin of water purification captation is logical It crosses return pipe with building grey water system to be connected, filter layer upper layer is laid with activated carbon, and lower layer is laid with polyester fiber not woven fabric, waterproof Layer is polymer modified asphalt material;Water purification captation is connected to by drainpipe with water tank, water purification captation and water storage Case is respectively positioned on closed heat insulation space.
Further, the hypothallus cross section is in up-side down triangle, is distributed on water purification captation, and and catch basin Between there are drain gullies.
Further, the cell wall that catchments is equipped with height adjustment device, and rank street area is in a rectangular trapezoid, and realization is catchmented Tankage reach saturation after rainwater automatically into building middle water supply system.
Further, a ventilation opening is at least arranged in the closed heat insulation space, and installs air cleaning unit.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1, it beautifies the environment, place of having a rest is provided
The green vegetation planted on sustainable roof can beautify the environment around skyscraper, be provided simply for people It has a rest place, night light is bright, and suitable any time is loosened, and the green vegetation on sustainable roof is blended with building, shape At featured FRAME ON THE ROOF OF HIGH-RISE BUILDING.
2, it economizes the land resource, increases city's green areas
Skyscraper top layer is afforested, the utilization to ground land resource is reduced, increases the greening in entire city Area improves green vegetation coverage rate, further improves urban environment.
3, it reduces energy consumption, make full use of new energy
Wind-driven generator and solar power system are set on skyscraper, on the one hand realizes and the night on roof is shone It is bright, two kinds of clean energy resourcies of wind energy and solar energy are on the other hand realized to electric transformation of energy, and applied solar energy tracking improves the energy Utilization rate and conversion ratio.
4, rainfall runoff is reduced, rainwater is stored
Due to the fast development of urbanization, the waterproof underlying surface area in city increases, and rain infiltration is caused to reduce, sustainable The water purification water collecting function on roof contributes to the run-off for controlling rainfall.Compared with common roof, sustainable roof can reduce The through flow velocity of rainfall.Rainfall simply purifies rainwater by water purification captation, and the water resource of storage can irrigate With.
5, building temperature, energy saving consumption are reduced
The green vegetation on sustainable roof establishes thermal insulation layer between air and skyscraper, to reduce building because Direct sunlight and caused by temperature increase, so that the refrigeration equipment utilization rate in skyscraper is reduced, saving electric energy.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of sustainable roof overall structure diagram of water purification water collection type of the utility model
In figure:1- wind-driven generators;2- small-sized solar solar panels;3-LED lamps;4- solar panels;The photosensitive biographies of 5- Sensor;6- angle regulators;7- pedestals;8- holders;9- accumulators;10- vegetable layers;11- soil horizons;12- hypothallus;13- Waterproof layer;14- air cleaning units;15- drain gullies;16- catch basins;17- filter layers;18- return pipes;Water is for water system in 19- System;20- drainpipes;21- water tanks.
Specific implementation mode
For make technological means of the utility model, creation new meaning, the purpose finally achieved and effect it can be readily appreciated that under The utility model is expanded on further in conjunction with attached drawing specific implementation mode in face:
Fig. 1 illustrates the sectional structure chart on the sustainable roof of water purification water collection type in the utility model.
Device on the upside of roof is mainly used for illumination and energy storage.It is respectively arranged on the left side and the right side wind-driven generator on roof 1, small-sized solar solar panel 2 is equipped with after fan, and LED illumination lamp 3 is installed under small-sized solar solar panel.Centre on roof Position is equipped with solar power generation energy storage device, and solar panel is fixed by pedestal 7 and the installation of holder 8, adjusted by angle regulator 6 The angle of node solar plate.Photosensitive sensor 5 is located at the center of solar panels battery edge, and accumulator is placed on solar energy Plate following position directly.
On daytime, the solar panel of roof quadrangle can all change with the variation of sun angle, and solar energy is turned Turn to electric energy.Wind-driven generator can also be rotated with wind, convert wind energy into electric energy.It will be utilized in night LED illumination lamp The electric energy of storage on daytime realizes roof lighting.Solar energy can be then stored in accumulator by the solar panel in roof centre position In, it is used for other power demands of user.
Device on the downside of roof is mainly used for the purification and storage of rainwater.Vegetable layer 10 is located under solar panels pedestal, Soil horizon 11 is under vegetable layer, and the mixture that its composition is light sandy loam, fertile soil, porous fibrous material and vermiculite.Soil The lower figure in inverted triangle of layer is the hypothallus 12 of the present apparatus, and both sides are waterproof layer 13, and there are drain gullies between catch basin 15.A ventilation opening is at least arranged in closed heat insulation space, and installs air cleaning unit 14 in the position.It is collection below hypothallus Sink 16 is connected by return pipe 18 with building grey water system 19.Water purification captation passes through drainpipe 20 and water tank 21 Connection, filter layer upper layer are laid with activated carbon, and lower layer is laid with polyester fiber not woven fabric, and waterproof layer is polymer modified asphalt material.
When rainy, rainwater will transmit through vegetable layer, and into soil horizon, the porous fibrous material etc. in soil horizon can be to rain Water carries out preliminary purification, and the moisture remained in soil horizon can provide moisture for vegetation again.After soil horizon, rainwater enters Hypothallus.On the one hand, the rainwater of preliminary purification can enter the middle water of building for water system through drain gully by return pipe System.On the other hand, the rainwater of preliminary purification infilters under continuing into filter layer, by activated carbon, polyester fiber not woven fabric obtain into One step purifies, and the water after deep purifying enters water tank by drainpipe, stores for future use.
Illustrative description has been done to the utility model above, it should explanation, in the core for not departing from the utility model In the case of the heart, it is any it is simple deformation, modification or other skilled in the art can not spend creative work etc. The scope of protection of the utility model is each fallen with replacing.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type, it is characterised in that:The sustainable roof of water purification water collection type includes wind-force Generator, solar power system, vegetable layer, soil horizon, water purification captation and water tank;The wind-driven generator at least 4 Platform is respectively placed in four angles on roof, and the solar power system is placed on roof center by fixation, including too Positive energy solar panel, solar biaxial tracker, regulating device, accumulator and sensor, the water purification captation include catchmenting Slot, drain gully, filter layer, waterproof layer, the water purification captation, water tank are respectively positioned on closed heat insulation space.
2. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wind-driven generator It is equipped with small-sized solar solar panel and LED illumination lamp.
3. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the solar cell Plate is mounted on by fixed frame in Green Roof, and the angle of solar panels is adjusted by solar biaxial tracker, is made entirely too Positive energy electricity generation system uniform pickup most intense radiation sunlight, improves the efficiency that luminous energy is converted to electric energy.
4. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cell wall that catchments is set There is height adjustment device, and cross section is in a rectangular trapezoid, is connected with water supply system in building by return pipe.
5. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water purification is catchmented dress It sets and sets activated carbon on filter layer and divide into polyester fiber non-woven fabric, activated carbon thickness is 8-10cm, polyester fiber non-woven fabric when laying Thickness is 8-10cm, and to two wall upper edge 3-5cm.
6. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water tank with it is net It is connected with drainpipe between water captation.
7. a kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the closed heat insulation is empty Between a ventilation opening is at least set, and air cleaning unit is installed.
CN201721616203.9U 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type Expired - Fee Related CN207878810U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721616203.9U CN207878810U (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721616203.9U CN207878810U (en) 2017-11-28 2017-11-28 A kind of sustainable roof of water purification water collection type

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207878810U true CN207878810U (en) 2018-09-18

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109356224A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-02-19 河海大学 A kind of skyscraper rainwater-collecting self-loopa utilizes system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109356224A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-02-19 河海大学 A kind of skyscraper rainwater-collecting self-loopa utilizes system

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180918

Termination date: 20181128

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee