CN207525402U - A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic - Google Patents

A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207525402U
CN207525402U CN201721536514.4U CN201721536514U CN207525402U CN 207525402 U CN207525402 U CN 207525402U CN 201721536514 U CN201721536514 U CN 201721536514U CN 207525402 U CN207525402 U CN 207525402U
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China
Prior art keywords
yarn
valve body
vortex tube
tube
slide bar
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721536514.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏治刚
许燕
郭沁生
王训该
丁彩玲
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Wuhan Textile University
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Wuhan Textile University
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Abstract

The utility model is related to a kind of box-like devices of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, belong to technical field of textile processing.The structure design that the utility model device is arranged symmetrically using the quiet valve body of the box-like swirler of split valve, swirler moving vane body, with when be used in combination using the multiple devices of head and the tail tandem, when yarn is run, when device valve body is closed, efficiently constrain and utilize eddy airstream, orient air jet pipe directional stretch yarn table filoplume, it avoids filoplume random dispersion, tangle, remove yarn table impurity, improve application efficiency and stability, multiple stacking and the clean looping of ultraphotic strengthened repeatedly are carried out to crinosity camlet, device valve body is opened when realizing broken yarn, convenient for connector and maintenance;The utility model apparatus structure is reasonable, transformation is simple;Application operating is convenient, easy to spread, suitable on the weaving loom of the various speeds of service, the clean processing of ultraphotic is carried out to the low-quality crinosity camlet line of each raw material.

Description

A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of box-like devices of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, belong to textile process technology neck Domain.
Background technology
Filoplume is one of important indicator for weighing yarn qualities.Yarn filoplume not only influences the rear processes such as woven, knitting Production efficiency, and influence the presentation quality of final products, particularly high speed shuttleless loom, Warp Knitted Fabrics commonly used the present My god, Yarn filoplume is greatly reduced, realizes the clean forming of ultraphotic of spun yarn surface structure, has a very important significance.
Short fiber yarn mainly has holding end spinning and open-end-spinning, and wherein holding end spinning is using ring spinning as generation Table.Ring spinning yarn filoplume results from spun yarn manufacturing procedure, and mechanism is after the fiber head end of inside and outside transfer exposes yarn body, to take off Gripping effect from jaw, can not be again introduced into or be wrapped on yarn body trunk, form filoplume.Open-end-spinning using Revolving cup spinning as It represents, yarn forming principle twists with the fingers formula twisting for fiber bonding layer and spins, the relaxation of yarn surface structure, and fiber head end is easily exposed in freely Shape forms filoplume.Yarn filoplume increases in winder and warping process, and basic reason is:Yam surface filoplume is more, structure is loose It relaxes, in the yarns high-speed cruising process such as winder, warping, yarn rubs through parts such as yarn guide member, tension parts by fierceness It wipes, the serious withdrawing of fiber head end inside yarn body is caused to be free on yarn body surface face, filoplume increases severely, surface structure seriously destroys.In order to Yarn filoplume is reduced, realizes that yarn is smoothly weaved, textile enterprise generally all carries out sizing processing to yarn after warping, attaches yarn It filoplume while carries out enhancing to yarn and protects stretching, increasing wearability.But warping generally use piece yarn starching, the starching of piece yarn will be led Yarn stick to each other is caused, needs wet, dry leasing, when yarn leasing, which mutually tears, destroys yarn body surface starch adhesive film, generates secondary filoplume. Although single end sizing can solve the problems, such as that leasing leads to serous coat breakage, secondary filoplume, but still face desizing again, pollution environment The problem of.It can be seen that eliminating Yarn filoplume, increasing yarn surface structure consistency should carry out before starching.
For ring spindle yarn process, scholar both domestic and external does excessive quantifier elimination.There are two types of the approach of generally use, a kind of It is that common ring spinning process is optimized using conventional method, this method can only reduce Yarn filoplume, function and effect to a certain extent It is limited;Another kind is to eliminate filoplume using Advanced Spinning Technologies or special elimination filoplume device, and ring spun yarn can be greatly lowered Line filoplume.Novel ring spinning technology or special elimination filoplume device are the hot spots of current ring spinning technical research.It is new at present The representative of type ring ingot spinning technology is Advance of Compact Spinning Technology, such as Department of Intellectual Property of U.S. invention disclosed patent on December 18th, 1984 “Device for stretching,condensing and transporting a rove of fibers during a Spinning operation ", patent No. US 4488397;Department of Intellectual Property of U.S. invention disclosed on June 13rd, 2000 is special Sharp " Device for condensing a drafted fiber strand ", the patent No. 6073314;Department of Intellectual Property of the U.S. On July 4th, 2000 invention disclosed patent " Arrangement for condensing a drafted fiber Strand ", the patent No. 6082089;Department of Intellectual Property of U.S. invention disclosed patent " Transport belt on January 9th, 2001 For transporting a fiber strand to be condensed ", the patent No. US 6170126B1;U.S.'s knowledge Property right office invention disclosed patent on July 24th, 2001 " Arrangement and method for condensing a Drafted fiber strand and method for making yarn thereform ", patent No. US 6263656B1;Department of Intellectual Property of U.S. invention disclosed patent " the Apparatus for condensing on the 14th of August in 2001 A drafted strand ", the patent No. US 6272834B1;Department of Intellectual Property of U.S. invention disclosed on May 29th, 2001 is special Sharp " Condensing zone for a spinning machine ", patent No. US 6237317B1.Above-mentioned compact spinning skill The central principle of art patent complicated legal case is all needle ring ingot spinning process, and compact spinning trigonum fiber strip is strengthened to fiber strip Edge fibers control, and effectively reduction spinning process fiber head end is exposed, reduces Yarn filoplume;But compact spinning eliminates spinning triangle Area, the inside and outside transfer of yarn body internal fiber is inadequate, and cohesive force is insufficient, outer layer still have filoplume exposing, yarn body be subjected to friction after filoplume still Old sharp increase;It is only apparent to high grade cotton yarn filoplume reducing effect particularly at present by the Advance of Compact Spinning Technology of airflow concentration, to thick special Yarn filoplume reducing effect is poor.
The special reduction filoplume device used at present be using jet-impingement form, mounted on front roller and twizzle it Between, make established filoplume patch volt in yam surface using the revolution of air-flow, such as Department of Intellectual Property of the U.S. on April 10th, 1979 Invention disclosed patent " method and apparatus yarn treatment ", the patent No. 41481779, U.S.'s knowledge Property right office invention disclosed patent " the method and apparatus for modifying spun on the 22nd of August in 1989 Textile yarn ", the patent No. 5263311.These researchs are main difference is that the difference due to airflow injection device leads to yarn Line surface fiber Impact direction is different, leads to the difference of Yarn filoplume eradicating efficacy so as to generate different winding effects.But It is can be only installed at behind twist triangle zone (because the fiber in twist triangle zone is substantially into staple in bulk shape, spray due to these devices The air-flow penetrated can cause fiber movement chaotic and break end), air-flow brushes object for yarn and yam surface filoplume, brushes two pairs The flow rotation effect difference of being bullied of elephant is realized filoplume staying in yam surface in the form of simple patch volt and relaxation winding;Rear In procedure (such as winder) processing, the fiber of parts friction withdrawing yarn surface structure, the docile that relaxes and the filoplume wound are again It reveals, the effect for really eliminating filoplume is not achieved.
For winding procedure high-speed friction, yam surface structural damage is caused, filoplume largely increases, and strength declines, it is desirable that The problems such as mating sizing operation, increase starching difficulty and sizing cost, sets filoplume flattening device in winding procedure, inhibits filoplume Generation, to later process produce and improve end product quality have a very important significance.The reduction studied at present The method of resultant yarn filoplume, which is concentrated mainly on, reduces Winding yarn filoplume device;Although Patents documents have very much, use Basic principle is identical, i.e., is used on bobbin-winding machine in yarn and carry out backtwisting-twisting mode to advancing yarn, make yam surface Filoplume achievees the purpose that reduce filoplume wound on yam surface.Representative patent document has:European patent number is EP 0 866 014 A2, publication date on 09 23rd, 1998, invention and created name are Auto Winder, and this application complicated legal case uses winding process The mechanism of navel is turned round in flow, wandering fibre is made to come along with the twist direction patch volt to yarn of yarn, to reduce yarn hair Plumage;6 374 588 B1 of U.S. Patent No. US, publication date on 04 23rd, 2002, invention and created name Hairiness Controlling device and winder, this application complicated legal case use the machinery of revolution navel in winding process flow to make With the twist direction for making wandering fibre along yarn pastes volt to yarn body trunk, to reduce Yarn filoplume;European patent number is EP 1 146 002 A2, publication date on October 17th, 2001, invention and created name are Automatic winder and hairiness Suppressing device, this application complicated legal case utilize air vortex flow tube, by the mechanical function of swirling eddy, make filoplume again It is coated to yarn, to reduce filoplume, but is analyzed from principle, acted on only according to the looping of air-flow, covered effect is bad;Europe 1 013 803 A2 of patent No. EP, publication date on 06 28th, 2000, invention and created name Hairiness Suppressing device for automatic winder, this application complicated legal case equally using air vortex flow tube, pass through air-flow Yarn is rotated, when the yarn of rotation passes through control panel (regulating plate), fiber is made to be wrapped over yarn, to subtract Few filoplume;China Patent No. is ZL 99127507.1, and publication date on 07 05th, 2000, invention and created name is automatic winding The filoplume flattening device of machine, this application complicated legal case equally using air vortex flow tube, rotate yarn, but the patent is led to by air-flow It crosses and installs controller additional at device both ends, generate false twist effect to ensure that yarn is turned round along own axes, improve and reduce Yarn filoplume Efficiency.In addition to this, China Patent No. be ZL 200710052991.8, publication date on 01 23rd, 2008, innovation and creation name Referred to as a kind of method for reducing resultant yarn filoplume, the offer of this application complicated legal case is a kind of by the way of false twisting flatiron, to winder and knitting The yarn of process carries out online attach and is involved in yarn body with wrap yarn filoplume, few part filoplume, realizes winder or knitting process The middle mesh that Yarn filoplume is inhibited to increase.The method and apparatus of above-mentioned reduction yam surface filoplume, have in common that and are blown by vortex It strokes or the forms such as machinery rotates, a small amount of solution twist yarn body first to moving yarn implementation, looping part filoplume enters yarn body, then twisted yarn Body restores to the original state and further winds filoplume, and winding randomness is caused filoplume and mostly done with lodging, the yarn at random that is wrapped over;In addition filoplume During lodging, looping at random, do not obtain holding effect active and effectively, filoplume flattening, looping structural relaxation at random, yarn Surface layer densification degree does not improve, and the filoplume of reduction is subjected to friction and is easy to rebound again;Filoplume is at random simultaneously is wound into yarn body When, because of fibril aggregation, reduce the yarns defects such as the yarn slubbing after filoplume, cotton knot and be significantly increased.
It can be seen that above-mentioned control the yarns such as winder, warping, knitting using the Yarn filoplume of process, existing method is common Point is:In the case of non-positive gripping filoplume head end, false twisting is carried out to yarn or air-flow brushes looping, yarn table will be stretched out Most filoplumes in face are wound in the form of loosely, docile can not be formed between yarn face, filoplume fiber and yarn body Fine and close structural nexus only visually realizes that filoplume is reduced;For the form using backtwisting-twisting, filoplume process is attached In, is there is the weaker position of the twist, is easily stretched and deteriorated by yarn tension by dynamic transfer and redistribution in the yarn part twist The yarn body trunk uniformity.More it is essential that in later process, as yarn is rubbed by parts, these relaxation winding, patches The fiber taken in yam surface is easy to stretch out yam surface formation filoplume again, processing and final production to yarn later process The quality of product improves without essence.
In view of the above-mentioned problems, China Patent No. is ZL 201410204503.0, and publication date on May 15th, 2014, invention A kind of entitled positive rotary method for improving yarn surface structure of gripping is created, this application complicated legal case provides a kind of using negative pressure Absorption holds yarn surface layer filoplume, while is rotatably wound around filoplume is held on yarn trunk;It is held however, as taper It is upper all with negative pressure gripping effect along the whole week to hold face, to more thick and stiff while filoplume compared at yarn body Truck Connection Fragile easily broken Yarn filoplume, often because the thick and stiff fiber of fracture blocks the mesh on taper gripping surface, then add in processing procedure Upper workshop flyings docile causes taper gripping surface to weaken significantly to the gripping effect of yam surface, even lose, no on mesh The effect of the gripping wrap yarn surface hairiness of continuous and effective can be met;On the other hand, when filoplume is wound into yarn body, at winding High speed rotation is wound into yarn and does in a manner of perpendicular to yarn trunk, and not only filoplume is failed to be wrapped in yarn body with larger screw pitch Above, yarn strength can not be improved, and Yarn filoplume causes yarn slubbing, cotton knot etc. often because of the aggregation winding on yarn body Yarn defect is significantly increased, and corresponding appearance of fabrics fault also increases;Particularly taper gripping surface rotates a circle, can only be by filoplume in yarn One circle of winding on body if improving filoplume looping efficiency, needs that taper gripping surface rotary speed is substantially improved, increases energy consumption and rotation Rotation member is worn, and still can not achieve the clean treatment technology purpose of yarn ultraphotic at a high speed, efficiently winding filoplume.China Patent No. is ZL 201510700297.7, publication date on October 26th, 2015, invention and created name is a kind of clean warping of ultraphotic of crinosity camlet line Method provides a kind of method that crinosity camlet line to during warping carries out the clean processing of ultraphotic;China Patent No. is ZL 201510700297.7, publication date on October 26th, 2015, invention and created name is a kind of clean weft knitting of ultraphotic of crinosity camlet line Knitting method provides a kind of method that crinosity camlet line to during weft-knitting carries out the clean processing of ultraphotic;China Patent No. It for ZL 201510700161.6, opens on October 2015 day 26, invention and created name cooperates with softening winding for a kind of directional stretch The method of Yarn filoplume provides a kind of orderly looping of directional stretch formula, the crinosity camlet line that filoplume looping is avoided to form yarn defect Post-processing approach, available for processes such as spun yarn, winder, warping, knittings.Although above three application complicated legal case can more at a high speed, Efficiently winding yarn filoplume is to realize the clean processing of ultraphotic of crinosity camlet line, but the vortexs involved by this three application complicated legal cases Looping device, using monoblock type Swirl tube structure, the yam surface of high-speed cruising swim filoplume, cotton knot etc. it is easy to fall off block into Yarn channel causes end breakage rate higher;When Yarn break, yarn can only use filament penetration type drawing method, and yarn guiding is passed through Connector is being carried out after vortex looping device, connector is entried, and trouble, efficiency are low, and maintenance is inconvenient, industry is promoted and is limited;In this case It is designed using semi-open-type minor air cell, and leads to that poor vortex intensity, filoplume looping tightness and efficiency are low, can not realize efficient high-speed Looping is served only on the processing apparatus such as the relatively low ring spinning of speed, low speed rewinding, it is impossible to is applicable on high speed network weaving loom;And And vortex looping device only plays single vortex looping function, and two can not be carried out to the exposed filoplume for being not affected by abundant looping individually Secondary looping, treated, and yarn ultraphotic cleanliness needs to be further improved.
Vortex flow spinner uses eddy airstream wrapper fibre resultant yarn, is the most effective skill of the high bright and clean spun yarn of current production Art, technical equipment high degree of automation, resultant yarn speed are fast, and spinning speed is up to 450m/min;Technology is represented as Switzerland and stands up to public affairs The MJS types of department, Japanese village field MVS type vortex flow spinners, air vortex spinning principle are:Air vortex spinning device is by input quill road, fiber stream The parts such as guiding device, outer tube and static ingot (also known as core pipe) form;3 or 4 tangential air inlets, lower end and drum are provided on outer tube Wind turbine is connected, and wind turbine constantly extracts air from pipe, and the air of outside enters along air inlet in vortex tube, generates gyrate Air-flow;Ribbon is by the drafting system of feed roll motor feeding vortex flow spinner, and the fiber strip by drawing-off output is by air-flow Effect, out of cotton delivery pipe at a high speed feeding air vortex spinning device;It is and defeated by input quill road when rotating upward air-flow and reaching core pipe The fiber send, led into through fiber stream guiding device converges, and forms a cohesion fibrous ring along vortex inside pipe wall, steadily surrounds Fiber is carried out looping twisting resultant yarn by static ingot axis, revolution at a high speed.Since vortex spinning spinning belongs to looping resultant yarn, yarn table Layer compact structure winding, any surface finish.But due to shifting inadequate, yarn body fibre cohesion inside and outside vortex yarn internal fiber Difference, bright and clean yarn table can not make up yarn body structure deficiency, therefore are vortexed low yarn intensity, yarn body stability and wear no resistance.Therefore Vortex flow spinner is chiefly used in processing and produces the viscose fiber spinning that cohesive force is larger, very soft, is not suitable for high rigidity crudefiber crop Fiber, the high curling wool fibre of high rebound etc. are difficult to spin fiber yarn forming, the routine bright and clean with less producing and processing high-strength height The ability of fine tex yarn line.Therefore how using being vortexed looping principle, high-speed and high-efficiency the clean enhancing of ultraphotic process high rigidity crudefiber crop Fiber, the high curling wool fibre of high rebound etc. are difficult to spin fiber high-count yarn, is Yarn Processing Technology bottleneck problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Invention content
For existing vortex looping device broken yarn connector it is difficult, only set single be vortexed and carry out air-flow looping and cause to safeguard to use Inconvenient, processing yarn effect has much room for improvement, and vortex spinning can not realize the bright and clean collaboration enhancing yarn body structure formation of the height of fiber, spinning suiting Fiber and yarn variety are limited waits technical barriers, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic The box-like device of valve, its technical solution is that:
A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, the device are slided by the first slide bar, the second slide bar, third Bar, fixator, connector, air inlet pipe, air outlet pipe and the quiet valve body of the box-like swirler of split valve, the swirler moving vane being arranged symmetrically Body forms, and the quiet valve body of swirler is made of the right valve body of doffing tube, the right valve body of static ingot, the right valve body of vortex tube, the right valve body of doffing tube, The static right valve body of ingot is embedded in the right valve body of vortex tube, and swirler moving vane body is by the left valve body of doffing tube, the left valve body of static ingot, vortex The left valve body of pipe is formed, and the left valve body of doffing tube, the left valve body of static ingot are embedded in the left valve body of vortex tube, the left valve body of vortex tube and vortex The right valve body engagement of pipe is into vortex tube, and vortex tube is cylindrical, and the left valve body of doffing tube engages into doffing tube with the right valve body of doffing tube, draws Spool is in cylindrical shape, and doffing tube opens up into yarn channel along the direction of central axes, enters yarn channel half and be located at the left valve body of doffing tube On the field of conjugate action, the other half is located on the right valve body field of conjugate action of doffing tube, and doffing tube is located in the head end of vortex tube, the static left valve body of ingot Static ingot is engaged into the right valve body of static ingot, static ingot front end is in cone shape, and static ingot opens up yarn along the direction of central axes Channel goes out the cross section semicircular in shape of yarn channel, and diametrically gradient is incremental along static ingot front end to rear extreme direction for longitudinal section Infundibulate, the half for going out yarn channel are located on the left valve body field of conjugate action of static ingot, the other half is located at the right valve body field of conjugate action of static ingot On, static spindle position forms minor air cell in the tail end of vortex tube between static ingot and vortex tube, minor air cell central axes, yarn are led to Road central axes and enter yarn channel center line and overlap, fixator offers dovetail groove, the right valve body of vortex tube on along its length It is fixedly inserted in the dovetail groove of fixator, connector offers dovetail groove on along its length, the left valve body of vortex tube, which is fixed, to be inserted Enter in the dovetail groove of connector, the right valve body wall body of vortex tube is equipped with inlet channel and outlet passageway, the outlet of inlet channel Mouth is corresponding with the yarn feeder connection of static ingot front end, and the air inlet of inlet channel is fixedly connected with one end of air inlet pipe, is gone out The air inlet of gas channel is corresponding with the rear end of static ingot, and the gas outlet of outlet passageway is connected with air outlet pipe, the right valve of vortex tube First slide bar, the second slide bar, third slide bar are set on the body field of conjugate action, and the first slide bar (9), the second slide bar, third slide bar hang down respectively Directly in the right valve body field of conjugate action of vortex tube, and it is located at the side of the right valve body central axes of vortex tube, the first slide bar, third slide bar position respectively In the top of the right valve body of vortex tube, the second slide bar is located at the lower part of the right valve body of vortex tube, is provided in the wall body of the left valve body of vortex tube Inlet channel, the first jointing holes, the second jointing holes, third jointing holes, inlet channel and whirlpool in the wall body of the left valve body of vortex tube Inlet channel on the right valve body wall body of flow tube is corresponding, and the first slide bar activity is inserted in the first jointing holes, the activity of the second slide bar It is inserted in the second jointing holes, the activity of third slide bar is inserted into third jointing holes.
As a result of above technical scheme, compared with prior art, a kind of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic is box-like Device the advantage is that:The box-like device of valve of the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic of the utility model is using " the split box-like swirler of valve is quiet Valve body, swirler moving vane body are arranged symmetrically " structure design, using " at least by the box-like device of previous valve with after during utilization One box-like device of valve is patched and is fixedly connected " the multiple devices of head and the tail tandem be used in combination, the quiet valve body of swirler of device with Swirler moving vane body is closed, and is efficiently constrained and using eddy airstream, is avoided and " in terms of semi-open-type connector, but be vortexed utilization rate It is low " the technical issues of;Each minor air cell being closed is in parallel with orientation air jet pipe to be connected, and directional stretch yarn table filoplume avoids hair Plumage random dispersion is tangled, and is removed yarn table impurity, is eliminated that " portion saves bit by bit and blocks yarn and lead in the device for impurity and docile fiber Road causes to break end, and reduces efficiency etc. " unfavorable factor, is improved using production efficiency and stability;Yarn is closed successively through each It being vortexed under indoor swirl gas effect, crinosity plumage yam surface filoplume strengthens the close looping of formula by multiple stacking and repeatedly, Realize the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, breach " existing apparatus only set it is single be vortexed carry out air-flow looping cause handle yarn effect Have much room for improvement, high speed processing significant effect it is not strong, the processing apparatus such as the relatively low ring spinning of speed, low speed rewinding can only be applied to On, it is impossible to suitable on the weaving loom for each flow yarn difference running speed degree of weaving " technical bottleneck;Yam surface filoplume ultraphotic is clean Looping processing after, yarn body fiber utilization rate improve, enhance yarn strength, solve " vortex spinning can not realize fiber height it is bright and clean Collaboration enhancing yarn body structure formation, spinning suiting fiber and yarn variety are limited " etc. technical barriers.During Yarn break, the vortex of device The quiet valve body of device is opened with swirler moving vane body, convenient for broken yarn connector, device internal cleaning, efficiently solves " existing vortex looping Device broken yarn connector is difficult, and industry is promoted limited " the technical issues of.The utility model apparatus structure is reasonable, transformation is simple;This reality Intensive treatment effect, speed and type wide adaptability are continuously combined with new application, it is easy to operate, suitable for various regain items Crinosity camlet line processing under part, is easy to promote the use of a large area.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the utility model device.
Fig. 2 is the quiet valve body structure diagram of swirler of the utility model device.
Fig. 3 is the swirler moving vane body structure diagram of the utility model device.
Fig. 4 is that the device of the utility model application combines assembling schematic diagram.
Opening state figure between the quiet valve body of swirler and moving vane body when Fig. 5 is the utility model application broken yarn.
Specific embodiment
A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic of the utility model is made below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings further Detailed description.
See attached drawing.
A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, the device is by the first slide bar 9, the second slide bar 10, third Slide bar 11, fixator 7, connector 1, air inlet pipe 5, air outlet pipe 8 and the quiet valve body of the box-like swirler of split valve being arranged symmetrically, whirlpool Device moving vane body composition is flowed, the quiet valve body of swirler is made of the right valve body 12 of doffing tube, the right valve body 4 of static ingot, the right valve body 6 of vortex tube, The right valve body 12 of doffing tube, the right valve body 4 of static ingot are embedded in the right valve body 6 of vortex tube, and swirler moving vane body is by the left valve body of doffing tube 14th, the left valve body 3 of static ingot, the left valve body 2 of vortex tube are formed, and the left valve body 14 of doffing tube, the left valve body 3 of static ingot are embedded in a vortex tube left side In valve body 2, the left valve body 2 of vortex tube engages into vortex tube with the right valve body 6 of vortex tube, and vortex tube is cylindrical, the left valve body of doffing tube 14 engage into doffing tube with the right valve body 12 of doffing tube, and doffing tube is in cylindrical shape, and doffing tube is opened up along the direction of central axes into yarn Channel enters yarn channel half and is located on left 14 field of conjugate action of valve body of doffing tube, the other half is located on right 12 field of conjugate action of valve body of doffing tube, Doffing tube is located in the head end of vortex tube, and the static left valve body 3 of ingot engages into static ingot, static ingot front end with the right valve body 4 of static ingot In cone shape, static ingot opens up out yarn channel along the direction of central axes, goes out the cross section semicircular in shape of yarn channel, longitudinal section edge Diametrically gradient incremental infundibulate, the half for going out yarn channel is located at the left valve body of static ingot on static ingot front end to rear extreme direction On 3 fields of conjugate action, the other half is located on right 4 field of conjugate action of valve body of static ingot, and static spindle position is in the tail end of vortex tube, static ingot and whirlpool Minor air cell is formed between flow tube, minor air cell central axes go out yarn channel central axes and enter yarn channel center line to overlap, fixator 7 along its length on offer dovetail groove, the right valve body 6 of vortex tube is fixedly inserted in the dovetail groove of fixator 7,1 edge of connector Dovetail groove is offered on length direction, the left valve body 2 of vortex tube is fixedly inserted in the dovetail groove of connector 1, the right valve body 6 of vortex tube Wall body is equipped with inlet channel and outlet passageway, and the gas outlet of inlet channel is opposite with the yarn feeder connection of static ingot front end Should, the air inlet of inlet channel is fixedly connected with one end of air inlet pipe 5, and the air inlet of outlet passageway is opposite with the rear end of static ingot Should, the gas outlet of outlet passageway is connected with air outlet pipe 8, and the first slide bar 9, second is set to slide on right 6 field of conjugate action of valve body of vortex tube Bar 10, third slide bar 11, the first slide bar 9, the second slide bar 10, third slide bar 11 are respectively perpendicular to right 6 field of conjugate action of valve body of vortex tube, And it is located at the side of right 6 central axes of valve body of vortex tube respectively, the first slide bar 9, third slide bar 11 are located at the upper of the right valve body 6 of vortex tube Portion, the second slide bar 10 are located at the lower part of the right valve body 6 of vortex tube, and inlet channel is provided in the wall body of the left valve body 2 of vortex tube, first is connect Jack 16, the second jointing holes 17, third jointing holes 15, inlet channel and the right valve of vortex tube in the wall body of the left valve body 2 of vortex tube Inlet channel on 6 wall body of body is corresponding, and 9 activity of the first slide bar is inserted in the first jointing holes 16, and 10 activity of the second slide bar is inserted Enter in the second jointing holes 17,11 activity of third slide bar is inserted into third jointing holes 15.
The box-like device of valve of the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic of the present invention is applied to textile machine, and the textile machine is ring ingot One kind in spinning frame or rotor spinning machine or bobbin-winding machine or warping machine or weft machine or tricot machine or air-jet loom;With up to The quiet valve body of swirler of the box-like device of the previous valve of major general passes through fixing groove 7 and the right valve body of vortex tube of the box-like device of the latter valve 6 patch and are fixedly connected, and the swirler moving vane body of the box-like device of previous valve is passed through link slot 1 and the box-like device of the latter valve The left valve body 2 of vortex tube, which patches, to be fixedly connected, and each link slot 1 is fixedly connected with one end of push-pull rod 20, push-pull rod 20 it is another Hold external pneumatic device, during Yarn break, pneumatic device drives push-pull rod 20 by swirler moving vane body to far from the quiet valve of swirler The direction movement of body, the quiet valve body of swirler and the swirler moving vane body of the utility model device are opened, convenient for Yarn connecting, cleaning Device inside strands channel efficiently solves the technology of " existing vortex looping device broken yarn connector is difficult, and industry is promoted limited " Problem;During yarn continuous operation, under the action of push-pull rod 20, the quiet valve body of swirler and the swirler moving vane body of device are closed, The indoor air-flow of efficient bound vortex, air-flow utilization rate is high, avoids " in terms of semi-open-type connector, but it is low to be vortexed utilization rate " Technical problem.Each air outlet pipe 8 is in parallel with orientation air jet pipe 18 and connects, and the end face of 18 gas outlet 19 of orientation air jet pipe is with drawing The axis parallel for entering yarn channel of spool, directional stretch yarn table filoplume, avoids filoplume random dispersion, tangles, and removal yarn table is miscellaneous Matter, swim filoplume, eliminate " portion saves bit by bit and blocks yarn path in the device for impurity and docile fiber, causes to break end, reduce effect Rate etc. " unfavorable factor is improved using production efficiency and stability;Each air inlet pipe 5 is parallel-connected on air compressor, is made The high-pressure jet for injecting that pressure is 4-8MPa in each minor air cell is obtained, high-pressure jet warms moist steam for normal air or height, wet Hot steam temperature is 100-180 DEG C, and the fiber initial modulus of handled yarn is higher, vitrifying or softening point temperature are higher, wet Hot steam temperature is higher, realizes and carries out softening looping to yam surface filoplume, improves looping effect;High-pressure jet is in each whirlpool Vortex is generated in flow chamber, yarn is vortexed through each closure under indoor swirl gas effect successively, crinosity plumage yam surface hair Plumage, with strengthening the close looping of formula repeatedly, is realized the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, breaches that " existing apparatus only sets list by multiple stacking A progress air-flow looping that is vortexed causes processing yarn effect to have much room for improvement, high speed processing significant effect is not strong, can only apply to speed It spends on the processing apparatus such as relatively low ring spinning, low speed rewinding, it is impossible to suitable for the spinning for each flow yarn difference running speed degree of weaving On loom " technical bottleneck;After the clean looping processing of yam surface filoplume ultraphotic, yarn body fiber utilization rate improves, and enhancing yarn is strong Power, solve " vortex spinning can not realize the bright and clean collaboration enhancing yarn body structure formation of the height of fiber, spinning suiting fiber and yarn variety by The technical barriers such as limit ".According to actual needs, the box-like device of valve can also be processed into unitary device.
With reference to it is different weaving machine different cultivars yarn post-processing, the concrete application of the utility model is made into One step elaborates.
Embodiment 1:High bright and clean enhancing processing Nm40 props up pure wool yarn on ring throstle
Mounting bracket is added in the corresponding ride plane of each ingot of wool spinning frame, the front of mounting bracket is equipped with guide horizontal stroke Bar, guide cross bar are mutually parallel with wool spinning frame front roller nip line, are used in series, gone here and there using the box-like device head and the tail of two valves The box-like device of valve of connection is fixedly mounted on the rear of mounting bracket, and the box-like device of valve of series connection enters yarn channel, goes out yarn channel with consolidating It is vertical to determine guide cross bar, enters yarn channel central axes, go out yarn channel central axes and spinning frame front roller nip line is coplanar, and this is flat Face and guide cross bar top are tangent, each air inlet pipe 5 of the box-like device of valve of series connection is parallel-connected on air compressor, is made The high-pressure jet for injecting that pressure is 5MPa in each minor air cell is obtained, high-pressure jet is 100 DEG C of hot moist steams;Determine weight for 6.25 grams/ 10 meters of wool slubbing is through the 25 times of drawing-offs of wool spinning frame drafting system into wool fiber yarn, and wool fiber yarn is through front roller After jaw output, the twisting force obvolvent of ring ingot twisting is immediately exposed into wool sliver, the oriented air jet pipe 18 of wool sliver goes out Above gas port end face, sliver filoplume obtains directional stretch, swim filoplume and impurity is removed;Sliver is then box-like through previous valve The doffing tube of device engagement enters yarn channel, in the minor air cell formed into the box-like device engagement of previous valve, from previous The yarn channel that goes out that the box-like device of valve engages the static ingot to be formed is drawn, then the doffing tube through the box-like device engagement of the latter valve Enter yarn channel, in the minor air cell formed into the box-like device engagement of the latter valve, engage what is formed from the box-like device of the latter valve Static ingot goes out yarn channel extraction, and sliver surface hairiness is not affected by completely in previous minor air cell by vortex looping, sliver The filoplume of looping carries out complete looping, the side that this multiple devices of head and the tail tandem are used in combination in the latter minor air cell again Formula is realized and multiple stacking is carried out to the clean looping of the ultraphotic of the surface hairiness of crinosity camlet line with strengthening repeatedly, it is thin to realize ring ingot Yarn machine spins the wool yarns of the clean enhancing of ultraphotic;Go out the wool yarns of yarn channel extraction successively through guide cross bar upper surface, twizzle, steel Wire loop is led, is finally wound up on spool.Same ingot is shown with the experimental result under the conditions of rove:Yarn finish is led in spinning Domain is expressed using yam surface filoplume amount, and filoplume amount is fewer, and finish is higher;Compared with traditional ring spun yarn, compact spinning wool yarn 3 Millimeter filoplume declines 42.1%, and SEILE textile wool yarn declines 52.7%, and soft clean spinning wool yarn declines 50.2%, and weight Compact Wool Yarn declines 39.0%, the utility model produces wool yarn and declines 91.7%;Yarn filoplume declines to a great extent, and effectively improves fiber utilization rate, yarn Line intensity amplification is slightly above SEILE textile and compact spinning.
Embodiment 2:High bright and clean enhancing processing Nm32 branch pure ramie yarns on bobbin-winding machine
Installation is added between the corresponding electronic yarn clearer of each ingot of village field No.21C type automatic winders and pre- yarn clearer Frame is used in series using the box-like device head and the tail of four valves, and the box-like device of valve of series connection is fixedly mounted on mounting bracket, the valve of series connection Box-like device enters yarn channel and yarn channel centerline and electronic yarn clearer yarn going channel and pre- yarn clearer yarn going channel center Line overlaps, each air inlet pipe 5 of the box-like device of valve of series connection is parallel-connected on air compressor so that in each minor air cell The high-pressure jet that pressure is 7MPa is injected, high-pressure jet is 180 DEG C of hot moist steams;Crinosity plumage pure ramie yarn is with 1100 ms/min Clock rate degree is unwound from coil package, warp thread line detector, pre- yarn clearer, the box-like device of valve of operation to series connection, through fixed To above 18 gas outlet end face of air jet pipe, ramie yarn surface hairiness obtains directional stretch, swim filoplume and impurity is blown off;Sliver Then the doffing tube engaged through the box-like device of first valve enters yarn channel, is formed into the box-like device engagement of first valve In minor air cell, the yarn channel that goes out that the static ingot to be formed is engaged from first box-like device of valve is drawn, then closed successively through second valve Formula device enters yarn channel, minor air cell, goes out yarn channel, and the box-like device of third valve enters yarn channel, minor air cell, goes out yarn channel, 4th box-like device of valve enters yarn channel, minor air cell, goes out yarn channel, and dimity filoplume is wet by high warm in first minor air cell Vapor vortex effect carries out close looping, do not obtain the filoplume of complete looping again successively through second, third, the 4th box-like dress of valve It puts minor air cell and carries out the repeatedly progressive complete looping of reinforcing formula, the mode that this multiple devices of head and the tail tandem are used in combination, to more The clean looping of ultraphotic of the surface hairiness of filoplume yarn carries out multiple stacking with strengthening repeatedly, realizes on high speed cone winder, to height The crinosity camlet such as rigid crudefiber crop line carries out the clean processing of ultraphotic, not only solves that " vortex spinning can not produce high rigidity difficulty, and to spin crudefiber crop fine The technical barrier of the bright and clean enhancing yarn of height of dimension ", and completely eliminating high speed winder causes the technology of Yarn filoplume sharp increase to lack It falls into;From the 4th box-like device of valve go out yarn channel extraction yarn successively through electronic yarn clearer, thread board, winding groove drum, finally It is wound up into bobbin package.The finish of yarn is expressed in spinning field using yam surface filoplume amount, and filoplume amount is fewer, light Cleanliness is higher;The experimental result is shown:Compared with cylinder yarn obtained by the winder before not applying the utility model device, this practicality is new 3 millimeters of filoplumes of ramie cylinder yarn that type is processed have dropped 89.2%, and yarn strength increases 5.3%.
Embodiment 3:60 English of high bright and clean enhancing processing Ne props up 100% nandina yarn on tricot machine
On tricot machine, it is used in series using the box-like device head and the tail of two valves, using screw and nut fixing device, will be gone here and there The box-like device of valve of connection is fixedly mounted on through fixator 7 on the yarn guide of tricot machine warp let-off structure, the box-like device position of valve of series connection Between positive type warp let-off structure and looping mechanism feed silk hook, the box-like device of valve of series connection enters yarn channel and yarn channel center Thread path overlaps between line feeds silk hook with positive type warp let-off structure and looping mechanism;It is fixedly mounted on yarn guide, series connection Each air inlet pipe 5 of the box-like device of valve is parallel-connected on air compressor so that injecting pressure in each minor air cell is The high-pressure jet of 5.5MPa, high-pressure jet are 150 DEG C of hot moist steams;Crinosity plumage nandina yarn is with 30 ms/min of speed from being placed in Warp beam package on creel is unwound, the box-like device of valve extremely connected through tensioner, positive let-off mechanism, operation successively, Above oriented 18 gas outlet end face of air jet pipe, nandina yarn surface hairiness obtains directional stretch, swim filoplume and impurity is blown Fall;Doffing tube of the yarn then through the box-like device engagement of first valve enters yarn channel, is nibbled into first box-like device of valve It closes in the minor air cell formed, the yarn channel that goes out that the static ingot to be formed is engaged from first box-like device of valve is drawn, then through second The box-like device of valve enters yarn channel, minor air cell, goes out yarn channel, and nandina yarn hair plumage is warmed moist steam in first minor air cell by height Eddy current effect carries out close looping, and the filoplume for not obtaining complete looping is progressive strong through the box-like device minor air cell progress of second valve again The complete looping of change formula, the mode that this multiple devices of head and the tail tandem are used in combination, realizes the surface hairiness to crinosity camlet line The clean looping of ultraphotic carry out multiple stacking with strengthening repeatedly, reached on Warp Knitted Fabrics, to high rigidity regenerated cellulose class Etc. crinosity camlet line carry out the clean processing of ultraphotic technique effect, having broken crinosity plumage spun yarn can not carry out on warp knitting machine The technical bottleneck of braiding at a high speed;From the 2nd box-like device of valve go out yarn channel extraction yarn, through looping mechanism feed silk be hooked into through Volume machine looping mechanism is woven.The bright and clean generally use observation surface hairiness of fabric surface and wearability detect to express, wear-resisting Higher grade, and the finish of fabric is higher.Comparison result on trial shows:Using the utility model, crinosity plumage nandina yarn is realized Smooth warp knit, and compared with conventional crawl warp knit knits out and carrys out nandina cloth, nandina cloth cover that the utility model is produced 67.2%, the cloth cover finish that cloth cover filoplume radical declines improves, cloth bursting strength improves 2.1%, and the wearability of cloth improves 2.5 grades.
Embodiment 4:High bright and clean enhancing processing Nm 38 is public on air-jet loom props up pure wool weft yarn
Mounting bracket is added between the corresponding bobbin cradle of each weft yarn picking motion and weft accumulator in air-jet loom;It adopts It is used in series with the box-like device head and the tail of two valves, using screw and nut fixing device, by the box-like device of the valve of series connection through fixation Device 7 is fixedly mounted on mounting bracket, and the box-like device of valve of series connection is between bobbin cradle and weft accumulator, the box-like device of valve of series connection Enter yarn channel and yarn channel centerline is overlapped with the yarn between bobbin cradle and weft accumulator;It is fixedly mounted on mounting bracket, Each air inlet pipe 5 of the box-like device of valve of series connection is parallel-connected on air compressor so that injects pressure in each minor air cell Strong is the high-pressure jet of 7MPa, and high-pressure jet is 120 DEG C of hot moist steams;Pure wool weft yarn is with 800 ms/min of speed from being placed in Cylinder yarn package on bobbin cradle is unwound, and is run through tensioner to the box-like device of valve of series connection, oriented 18 outlet of air jet pipe Above mouthful end face, pure wool weft yarn surface hairiness obtains directional stretch, swim filoplume and impurity is blown off, and it is random to avoid filoplume Disperse, tangle the yarns defects such as formula vortex looping generation cotton knot, improve using production efficiency and stability;Yarn is then through first valve The doffing tube of box-like device engagement enters yarn channel, in the minor air cell formed into the box-like device engagement of first valve, from the What one box-like device of valve engaged the static ingot to be formed goes out yarn channel extraction, then through second box-like device of valve enter yarn channel, Minor air cell goes out yarn channel, and pure wool weft yarn filoplume is carried out close in first minor air cell by high warm moist steam eddy current effect Looping, the filoplume for not obtaining complete looping carry out the progressive complete looping of reinforcing formula through the box-like device minor air cell of second valve again, this The mode that the kind multiple devices of head and the tail tandem are used in combination carries out the clean looping of the ultraphotic of the surface hairiness of crinosity camlet line multiple Superposition is effectively ensured on high-speed air-jet looms, the clean processing crinosity plumage wool weft yarn of ultraphotic processes bright and clean machine with strengthening repeatedly The technique effect of fabric;Go out the yarn of yarn channel extraction from the 2nd box-like device of valve, on weft accumulator, moved back on weft accumulator Around the weft yarn to get off successively through main burner, cut latitude device, bobbin feeler, auxiliary nozzle, introduce in fell, be woven into the case where steel cramps latitude effect In fabric, the woven fabric of any surface finish is formed.The bright and clean generally use observation surface hairiness of fabric surface and wearability detection carry out table Reach, fabric surface filoplume less, wear-resisting higher grade, the finish of fabric is higher.Compared with corresponding traditional wool spinning is woven, this Utility model method is weaved improves 25.2% into latitude rate, and the woven fabric surface hairiness range of decrease of institute is up to 62.1%, light Cleanliness significantly improves, and the fabric abrasion resistance after rinsing drying improves 2 grades, and grain cross tensile strength improves 5.7%.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic, it is characterised in that:The box-like dress of valve of the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic It puts by the first slide bar (9), the second slide bar (10), third slide bar (11), fixator (7), connector (1), air inlet pipe (5), outlet Pipe (8) and the quiet valve body of the box-like swirler of split valve being arranged symmetrically, swirler moving vane body composition, the quiet valve body of swirler is by drawing yarn The right valve body (12) of pipe, the right valve body (4) of static ingot, the right valve body (6) of vortex tube are formed, the right valve body (12) of doffing tube, the right valve of static ingot Body (4) is embedded in the right valve body (6) of vortex tube, swirler moving vane body by the left valve body (14) of doffing tube, the left valve body (3) of static ingot, The left valve body (2) of vortex tube is formed, and the left valve body (14) of doffing tube, the left valve body (3) of static ingot are embedded in the left valve body (2) of vortex tube, The left valve body (2) of vortex tube valve body (6) right with vortex tube engages into vortex tube, and vortex tube is cylindrical, the left valve body (14) of doffing tube Valve body (12) right with doffing tube engages into doffing tube, and doffing tube is in cylindrical shape, and doffing tube is opened up along the direction of central axes into yarn Channel enters yarn channel half and is located on left valve body (14) field of conjugate action of doffing tube, the other half is located at right valve body (12) engagement of doffing tube On face, doffing tube is located in the head end of vortex tube, and the static left valve body (3) of ingot valve body (4) right with static ingot engages into static ingot, quiet Only ingot front end is in cone shape, and static ingot opens up out yarn channel along the direction of central axes, goes out the cross section semicircular in shape of yarn channel, Longitudinal section along static ingot front end to rear extreme direction diametrically gradient it is incremental fall infundibulate, go out yarn channel half be located at it is static On left valve body (3) field of conjugate action of ingot, the other half is located on right valve body (4) field of conjugate action of static ingot, and static spindle position is in the tail end of vortex tube In, minor air cell is formed between static ingot and vortex tube, minor air cell central axes go out yarn channel central axes and enter yarn channel center line phase It mutually overlaps, fixator (7) offers dovetail groove on along its length, the right valve body (6) of vortex tube is fixedly inserted in fixator (7) In dovetail groove, connector (1) offers dovetail groove on along its length, and the left valve body (2) of vortex tube is fixedly inserted in connector (1) Dovetail groove in, right valve body (6) wall body of vortex tube be equipped with inlet channel and outlet passageway, the gas outlet of inlet channel with it is static The yarn feeder connection of ingot front end is corresponding, and the air inlet of inlet channel is fixedly connected with one end of air inlet pipe (5), outlet passageway Air inlet it is corresponding with the rear end of static ingot, the gas outlet of outlet passageway is connected with air outlet pipe (8), the right valve body of vortex tube (6) the first slide bar (9), the second slide bar (10), third slide bar (11), the first slide bar (9), the second slide bar are set on the field of conjugate action (10), third slide bar (11) is respectively perpendicular to right valve body (6) field of conjugate action of vortex tube, and is located in the right valve body (6) of vortex tube respectively The side of axis, positioned at the top of the right valve body (6) of vortex tube, the second slide bar (10) is located at for the first slide bar (9), third slide bar (11) The lower part of the right valve body (6) of vortex tube is provided with inlet channel, the first jointing holes (16), second in the wall body of the left valve body (2) of vortex tube Jointing holes (17), third jointing holes (15), inlet channel and the right valve body (6) of vortex tube in the wall body of the left valve body (2) of vortex tube Inlet channel on wall body is corresponding, and the first slide bar (9) activity is inserted in the first jointing holes (16), the second slide bar (10) activity It is inserted in the second jointing holes (17), third slide bar (11) activity is inserted into third jointing holes (15).
CN201721536514.4U 2017-11-17 2017-11-17 A kind of box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic Expired - Fee Related CN207525402U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107829176A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-23 武汉纺织大学 A kind of box-like device of valve and its application for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107829176A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-03-23 武汉纺织大学 A kind of box-like device of valve and its application for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic
CN107829176B (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-12-03 武汉纺织大学 A kind of application of the box-like device of valve for the clean processing of yarn ultraphotic

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