CN109667038A - A kind of cuprammonium dacron and its production method - Google Patents

A kind of cuprammonium dacron and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109667038A
CN109667038A CN201811591780.6A CN201811591780A CN109667038A CN 109667038 A CN109667038 A CN 109667038A CN 201811591780 A CN201811591780 A CN 201811591780A CN 109667038 A CN109667038 A CN 109667038A
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China
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cuprammonium
dacron
production
machine
yarn
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熊原
刘渊民
余胜
许鹤
郭杰
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Jihua 3509 Textile Co Ltd
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Jihua 3509 Textile Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201811591780.6A priority Critical patent/CN109667038A/en
Publication of CN109667038A publication Critical patent/CN109667038A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/40Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/47Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the structure of the yarns or threads multicomponent, e.g. blended yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02HWARPING, BEAMING OR LEASING
    • D02H13/00Details of machines of the preceding groups
    • D02H13/22Tensioning devices
    • D02H13/26Tensioning devices for threads in warp form
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02HWARPING, BEAMING OR LEASING
    • D02H3/00Warping machines
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/01Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/03Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/11Starch or derivatives thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/21Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/263Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds of unsaturated carboxylic acids; Salts or esters thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/37Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/507Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/16Synthetic fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/30Synthetic polymers consisting of macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M2101/32Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/40Reduced friction resistance, lubricant properties; Sizing compositions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • D10B2201/22Cellulose-derived artificial fibres made from cellulose solutions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

The invention belongs to textile technology fields.The present invention provides a kind of production methods of cuprammonium dacron, comprising the following steps: 1) warping process: discrete method configures tension before, during and after use, and edge warp tension ratio proparea tension is 4 grams more;2) sizing operation: using no polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) starching, slurry solid content 13.6 ± 1%;3) denting process: technique is worn using suitable;4) it weaving process: is interleaved warp thread and weft yarn to form fabric.In addition, the cuprammonium dacron that the production method that the present invention also provides a kind of using above-mentioned cuprammonium dacron produces, the fabric moisture gas permeability is strong, has smooth as silk quality, washs not wrinkled, long effectively healthful better function repeatedly.

Description

A kind of cuprammonium dacron and its production method
Technical field
The invention belongs to textile technology fields, and in particular to a kind of cuprammonium dacron and its production method.
Background technique
Copper ammonia fiber is to be dissolved in the dense of Kocide SD or alkaline cupric salt with natural cellulosic materials such as short flannels on cottonseed In ammonia solution, it is made into spinning solution, and the regenerated celulose fibre formed after a series of physical and chemical treatment.Copper ammonia fiber Soft smooth, moisture absorption, good permeability have the advantages that natural fiber.
Cuprammonium Fabric can match in excellence or beauty in terms of feel, drapability with real silk fabric, and Cuprammonium Fabric has excellent moisture absorption And permeability, so that the clothes of processing are comfortable and easy to wear, salubrious.But wearability, the crease recovery ability ratio of Cuprammonium Fabric Real silk fabric and viscose fabric are poor, and cuprammonium and polyamide fibre, terylene interweave, and can improve the wearability and wrinkle resistance of fabric.Cuprammonium is knitted Object has stronger silk quality sense, is suitble to processing underwear lining and all kinds of medium-to-high grade dress ornaments, and the cost of material of copper ammonia fiber is than true Silk fiber is cheap.As the weaving of Cuprammonium Fabric and postfinishing process are further mature, Cuprammonium Fabric is opened in high-grade clothing products It will have broad application prospects in hair.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is be directed to above-mentioned status, it is desirable to provide a kind of sucting wet air permeability is strong, have it is smooth as silk quality, repeatedly Wash not wrinkled, the production method of the cuprammonium dacron of long effectively healthful better function.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron, The following steps are included:
1) warping process: discrete method configures tension before, during and after use, and edge warp tension ratio proparea tension is 4 grams more;
2) sizing operation: using no polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) starching, slurry solid content 13.6 ± 1%;
3) denting process: technique is worn using suitable;
4) it weaving process: is interleaved warp thread and weft yarn to form fabric.
Wherein, the slurry includes each raw material of following parts by weight: super starch 5-10 parts, 20-30 parts of phosphate ester starch, 20-30 parts of polyester powder, 10-20 parts of acrylic pulp, 1-3 parts of antistatic agent.
Main slurry is the phosphate ester starch (JF962) produced from dark blue new material Co., Ltd, Jingzhou City, Wuhan The polyester powder (GR-796) of Dong Mei new textile material Co., Ltd production, there are also liquid propene wintercherry (DH-930), Changzhous The super starch (SS) and antistatic agent (DH-KP) of Run Li auxiliary agent Co., Ltd production.
Wherein, yarn must be made in order to check quality in time in the denting process, prevent to misdraw, wear strand;Comprehensive, reed, piece Etc. must accomplish smooth no corrupted, burr.
Wherein, the warp thread is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: GA124 beam warper → HS40 sizing Machine → DELTA110 automatic denting machine → ZAX9100 loom → GA541 cloth inspecting machine → GA841 plaiter → A752 baling press.
Wherein, the weft yarn is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: ZAX9100 loom → GA541 perching Machine → GA841 plaiter → A752 baling press.
Wherein, the warp thread is identical with weft yarn ingredient, is cuprammonium dacron blended yarn, the cuprammonium dacron blended yarn is with weight Number meter cuprammonium: terylene 55:45.After cuprammonium and blend polyester, the elastic recovery rate of fabric increases, and wrinkle resistance is changed It is kind.
Wherein, the cuprammonium dacron blended yarn is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: cuprammonium yarn+terylene Pre-drawing → three draftings of FA311F drawing frame → ASFA411 fly frame → FA506 spinning frame → village, 21C Japan field automatic winding Machine.Preferably, the spinning frame installs Siro-spinning device additional.
Wherein, the cuprammonium yarn is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: A002C type automatic plucker → A035C mixed cotton slitter → A036B porcupine opener → A092A type tandem feeder → A076C type lapper → A186D cotton carding Machine → FA307 drawing frame → FA356 item and combination machine → FA266 combing machine.
Wherein, the terylene pre-drawing is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: A002C type automatic plucker → A036B porcupine opener → A092A type tandem feeder → A076C type lapper → A186D carding machine → FA307 drawing frame (in advance simultaneously).
Wherein, the copper ammonia fiber is individually matched at the technique that item, drafting mix with polyester fiber by blowing, cotton carding in rolls It sets.Clear comb selects different technique according to respectively different features.
Wherein, in the weaving process, the loom speed is 550r/min, 2100 ± 200N of warp tension, comprehensive flat 310 degree of time.The front and back of back rest position/being highly the front and back of № .9/5-10, menopause rack position/is highly № .10-8/20.It is comprehensive Frame height degree is 110mm, 111mm, 110mm, 109mm, and the big blade a value of amount of opening is 85mm, 70mm, 75mm, 55mm, easing amount For 310 degree-in.
Wherein, in the weaving process, the warp thread and weft yarn are carried out according to 95 fabric specification of 40*40 133*100 Weaving, decorative pattern use five piece of three winged satin weave.
In addition, the present invention also provides the cuprammonium dacrons for using the production method of above-mentioned cuprammonium dacron to produce.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: cuprammonium dacron produced by the invention.Warp thread is through whole It is weaved together with weft yarn through, sizing, denting.Tension, arrangement, winding are uniformly keys in warping process, and tension scheme, which uses, to be divided Duan Fa, side yarn suitably aggravate.Sizing is using no PVA starching.Weaving uses the work of " small tension receiving coil, small opening, the low back rest, evening opening " Skill configuration, cloth is confidential to be asked using the rubber temple for having three row's prickers, and warp thread tieing yarn tail length degree is short, cropping is timely.
Specific embodiment
For a better understanding of the present invention, the content that the present invention is furture elucidated combined with specific embodiments below, but this hair Bright content is not limited solely to the following examples.
The implementation of the object of the invention is, by the blended of multicomponent copper ammonia fiber and polyester fiber, cuprammonium is made and washs Synthetic fibre mixed yarn is produced according to the specification of 40*40 1,33*,100 95, and five piece of three winged warp satin is made.
Wherein, the process flow of cuprammonium dacron blended yarn are as follows:
The Process configuration that copper ammonia fiber is individually mixed at item, drafting with polyester fiber by blowing, cotton carding in rolls.Clear comb root Different technique is selected according to respectively different features.
Copper ammonia fiber production line: A002C type automatic plucker → A035C mixed cotton slitter → A036B porcupine opener → A092A type tandem feeder → A076C type lapper → A186D carding machine → FA307 drawing frame → FA356 item and combination machine → FA266 combing machine.It is eventually fabricated cuprammonium yarn.
Polyester fiber production line: A002C type automatic plucker → A036B porcupine opener → A092A type double hopper is to cotton Machine → A076C type lapper → A186D carding machine → FA307 drawing frame (in advance simultaneously).Finally obtain terylene pre-drawing.
Mix spinning production line: → FA311F drawing frame → ASFA411 fly frame → FA506 spinning frame (installs SEILE textile additional Yarn feeding device) → village, 21C Japan field automatic winder.Above-mentioned cuprammonium yarn+terylene pre-drawing is subjected to three draftings.
The process flow of cuprammonium dacron are as follows:
It is preferred that the cuprammonium of 55:45 component: after dacron blended yarn, cuprammonium and blend polyester, the elastic recovery rate of fabric increases, Wrinkle resistance is improved.Warp thread is identical as weft yarn, is weaved according to 95 fabric specification of 40*40 133*100, and decorative pattern uses Five piece of three winged satin weave.
Warp thread process flow: GA124 beam warper → HS40 sizing machine → DELTA110 automatic denting machine → ZAX9100 Loom → GA541 cloth inspecting machine → GA841 plaiter → A752 baling press
Weft yarn process flow: ZAX9100 loom → GA541 cloth inspecting machine → GA841 plaiter → A752 baling press
Specific step is as follows for production:
1) warping process: discrete method configures tension before, during and after use, and edge warp tension ratio proparea is 4 grams more, drives first 5 meters, Both sides are aligned, dilute or folding situation is had no and occurs;
2) sizing operation: using no PVA polyvinyl alcohol sizing, slurry solid content 13.6 ± 1%, slurry is matched by following weight The raw material of ratio forms: super starch 5-10 parts, 20-30 parts of phosphate ester starch, 20-30 parts of polyester powder, acrylic pulp 10-20 Part, 1-3 parts of antistatic agent.
3) denting process: yarn must be made in order check quality in time by denting process, prevented to misdraw, worn strand.Comprehensive, reed, piece Etc. must accomplish smooth no corrupted, burr.
4) it weaving process: is interleaved warp thread and weft yarn to form fabric, loom speed 550r/min, warp tension 2100 ± 200N, 310 degree of heald level time, back rest position front and back/highly for № .9/5-10, menopause rack position front and back/height For № .10-8/20, heald frame height 110mm, 111mm, 110mm, 109mm, the big blade a value of amount of opening be 85mm, 70mm, 75mm, 55mm, easing amount be 310 degree-in;
Using the production method of above-mentioned cuprammonium dacron, it is aobvious that key is that cuprammonium dacron blended yarn has with weaving process The characteristics of work.
Wherein, the process characteristic of cuprammonium dacron blended yarn are as follows:
In cotton cleaning process low, more fluffy, cohesive force the is poor feature of good, free from admixture, fiber strength, contracting according to fibre uniformity Short processes process reduces this road process flow of A035C mixed cotton slitter on the basis of traditional process flow, on the one hand saves energy Consumption, on the other hand reduces the strike of A035C porcupine hired roughneck parallel with two, reduces the damage of fiber.Reduce each hired roughneck's speed Degree, energy saving reduce fibre damage, reduce each dirt stick gauge, reduce noil.Cotton efficiency is grabbed to improve disk, A002C grabs cotton Machine hired roughneck's decrease speed each 3mm, revolving speed 960r/min, rotary machinery speed 2.8r/min.Blade stretches out rib 3mm, accomplishes It frequently grabs and grabs less, be sufficiently mixed fiber.A036B porcupine opener porcupine cutter speed 320r/min, feed roll motor 13r/min, Wooden roller speed 6r/min.Speed 800r/min, fan speed 950r/min, hired roughneck and the day of the comprehensive hired roughneck of A076C lapper The gauge that Pingluo is drawn is adjusted to 12mm, reduces the gauge of porcupine hired roughneck and comprehensive hired roughneck's dirt stick and dirt stick, and blowing noil all returns With.Electrostatic is generated for process after reduction, relative humiture is controlled 65% or so.It is moved back in cotton carding for blowing volume and scratches Shi Yifen The unclear influence card sliver quality of layer, thus installs rove device additional on blowing, 6 is added when coiled with the other rove of branch, and increase The pressure of calender roller is coated after coiled with plastic foil, prevents moisture and finish from volatilizing.Blowing rolls up roller speed 12r/min, volume 36 meters, weight in wet base 13.8Kg long, elongation control controls within ± 100g, weight unevenness control in 0.5-2.5%, deviation of weight System is within 1%.
It is lower according to fiber strength in carding step, soft, fiber easy damaged and winding needle during combing Tooth, therefore using big gauge, small noil, light quantitative, sufficiently transfer, the technological principle suitably combed in technique.It is fine to reduce The damage of dimension, feed plate raise 5mm, cylinder speed 365r/min, licker-in speed 950r/min, doffer speed 16r/min, cover board Gauge 0.25mm × 0.23mm × 0.2mm × 0.2mm × 0.23mm of speed 85mm/min, cylinder and cover board, mote knife height With machine frame is flat, knife spine and 90 ° of machine frame horizontal plane angle, licker-in and mote knife gauge 0.35mm, with taker-in grid entrance gauge 8mm, With outlet gauge 1.5mm, with cylinder gauge 0.18mm.The forward pull drawing-off grasp less than normal in the case where cotton net does not drop, control At 1.4 times.The surface differential surface speed 2.0 of cylinder and licker-in increases carding effect.Preferred generic type needle cloth, Bearded-needle knitted cloth AC2030 × 2040, flat-clothing JPT-42, doffer's needle cloth AD4030 × 01890, taker-in clothing AT5010 × 06332VP improve cylinder The rate of transform of doffer.Reinforce the management of perverse roller, cylinder, cover board, doffer's needle cloth, guarantee needle tooth it is sharp with it is bright and clean, to improve To point comb of fiber, it is parallel to improve stretching for fiber.Carded sliver dry weight quantifies 14.8g/5 meters.The control of carding step relative humidity exists 55%-60%.
In mixing in doubling step using big gauge, light quantitative, pressurization, low velocity, the mixed technological principle simultaneously of one of Yu Bing tri- again. It is pre- and 15.8g/5 meter of Dry Weight per Unit, then using three draftings and close, head simultaneously using 8 and closes, two and with three and be all made of 6 Root simultaneously closes, and Dry Weight per Unit is 20.4g/5 meters.End and weight unevenness control is 0.6%, Uster sliver control 3.5% with It is interior.After by three draftings and closing, strip is easily overdone excessively rotten, is also easy to produce accidental faults and cotton knot, to reduce sliver exporting speed, protects It is sliding to demonstrate,prove horn mouth, circle of inclined tube light passing, to guarantee the smooth of shaping.Main technologic parameters are as follows for drafting:
1 drafting main technologic parameters of table
In Roving Frames using big gauge, light quantitative, pressurization, low velocity, the technological principle of the big twist again.Guaranteeing rove Not on the basis of harmful drafting, suitably increase roving twist factor, to reduce misdraft when rove unwinding.Roving twist 5.43 Twirl/10cm, roller gauge use 10mm × 24mm × 45mm, 1.25 times of back area draft, nip gauge 6mm, reel cage pressure 130N/ Double ingots.Since spun yarn is spinned using siro spinning device, Siro-spinning is fed using double roving, according to the normal of spun yarn Local limitation shared by Pullin performances and Siro-spinning slubbing, thus light quantitative, the small package of rove.Rove Dry Weight per Unit is 2.7g/10 meters, 8.7 times of rove total draft multiple, front roller revolving speed 170r/min.It controls within rove weight unevenness 1%, crow Within this special item dry 4.5%.Strict control rove front row, heel row, large, medium and small yarn Roving Elongation and variance rate, rove elongation Control is within 1.2%, variance rate controls within 0.5%.
It is spinned in spinning process using Siro-spinning mode: carrying out scrap build in FA506 spinning frame first: (1) reequiped Creel, the Suspended Spindle for Roving doubled, rove feeding is using double feeding modes;(2) by the traversing loudspeaker in original draft mechanism It is eyes horn mouth that mouth, which is exchanged,;(3) guide traversing gear is fixed on central location.I.e. on the creel of FA506 spinning frame The Suspended Spindle for Roving doubled, rove feeding use double feeding modes, and it is eyes horn mouth that the horn mouth in draft mechanism, which is exchanged, Guide traversing gear is fixed on central location.Since Siro-spinning is higher than common ring spinning strength, filoplume is few, rings and steel wire It is big to enclose frictional force, therefore wire loop will be grasped gently partially.Rings model PG1-42, wire loop model W321-28#.It is thin in order to reduce Section, reduces the generation of filoplume, and spinning process uses lesser back zone drafting multiple, the relatively low grasp of ingot speed, and preferably rings steel wire Circle.Roller gauge is 17mm × 40mm, 93 twirls of the twist/10cm, 43.8 times of total draft multiple, 1.25 times of back area draft, front roller Speed 185r/min.Spinning process relative humidity is controlled in 55%-60%.
The process characteristic of cuprammonium dacron are as follows:
1) warping process
Warping process requires to accomplish that tension, arrangement, winding three are uniformly crucial.Tension scheme is small using centre, and both sides are big Discrete method, side yarn tension appropriate aggravates 4 grams than intermediate.Since fiber generates electrostatic, flyings are adsorbed, therefore warping process is taken Following measures and requirement:
1, tension force: bobbin cradle tension pulley uses configuration less than normal to reduce the strength loss of yarn stress, before, In, rear discrete method configure tension, and more 4 grams of edge warp tension ratio proparea;Pressure control is wound at 2--2.5 (bar).
2, speed control is relatively low, controls 550 ms/min, and speed must accomplish to stablize, to reduce elongation and broken end, broken end Rate is controlled in 1.7--1.9 root/kkm.
3, equipment requirement: it is 1. corresponding with the position of tension bracket consistent at spool rack guide, it is same with row between tension bracket Column alignment being aligned;2. yarn path, guide eye, guide porcelain mouth, each roller of headstock require to exist without corrupted, burr to prevent yarn Warping access occurs regeneration filoplume and hangs up;3. bobbin bracket height upper and lower position requires straight alignment;
4, operation requires to require all channels of yarn and head thoroughly to clean before 1. driving, and does in time in startup procedure clear It is clean to make to spend without product everywhere, prevent flyings to be enclosed in;Expansion reed product flower is cleared up at any time, product flower under expansion reed meduim yarn face, every axis cleaning one It is secondary;2. whether touring in time in startup procedure, it is flexible to observe the revolution of each tension pulley, whether falls off;3. it drives first 5 meters, it is stringent right Neat both sides, no dilute or folding situation occur, to reach tension arrangement, winding, uniform, the generation of reduction flyings regeneration filoplume;④ " repiece is uniform, change wants quasi-, it is suitable to manage head, and connector wants jail " is accomplished in operation, high Zhi Tiansi will beat mosquito section, to eliminate strand Head and broken end, improve warp beam quality.
2) sizing operation
Technique: resurgence control sends tension 65--68N, Coiling Tension Control is in 190-200N, using on no PVA 7% Slurry.Slurry solid content 13.6 ± 1%, slurry are made of the raw material of following weight proportion:
It sizes mixing: without PVA starching, so the cleaning of stock tank, slurry bucket, stock line is had to completely;Fear to be mixed into when sizing mixing PVA sizes mixing (normal pressure bucket is easy to clean) in normal pressure bucket.
The rate of sizing: slightly increase, consistent before and after stock tank viscosity, and viscosity is 5.5~5.8 seconds, to improve the strong of warp thread Power.
Operation: warp thread has to uniformly, avoid reeled yarn occur during upper machine when sizing arranges reed, influences cloth machine effect Rate.
3) denting process:
1. yarn must be made in order check quality in time by denting process, prevents to misdraw, wears strand.
2. comprehensive, reed, piece etc. must accomplish smooth no corrupted, burr.
4) weaving process is interleaved warp thread and weft yarn to form fabric, it is desirable that:
1. rubber rollers temple of the loom with three row's coronules prevents edge broken end and needle path
2. stopping gap between latitude pin and drum barrel prevents double weft and looped weft less than 0.5 millimeter.
3. relative humidity is 78--82%,
4. disconnected beaten mosquito knot when connector, 0.3--0.4 centimetres of tail length of tieing yarn, anti-root yarn here is caused instead due to de- head Multiple disconnected warp
5. loom knitting technology and weaving situation are as follows: loom type saliva day coltfoal ZA9100, speed 550r/min, upper machine Tension be 2100 ± 200N, heald level time be 310 degree, the front and back of back rest position/be highly № .9/5-10, menopause rack position Front and back/and it is highly № .10-8/20, heald frame height 110mm, 111mm, 110mm, 109mm, the big blade a value of amount of opening is 85mm, 70mm, 75mm, 55mm, easing amount be 310 degree-in.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron, which comprises the following steps:
1) warping process: discrete method configures tension before, during and after use, and edge warp tension ratio proparea tension is 4 grams more;
2) sizing operation: using no polyvinyl alcohol sizing, slurry solid content 13.6 ± 1%;
3) denting process: technique is worn using suitable;
4) it weaving process: is interleaved warp thread and weft yarn to form fabric.
2. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the slurry include with Each raw material of lower parts by weight: super starch 5-10 parts, 20-30 parts of phosphate ester starch, 20-30 parts of polyester powder, acrylic pulp 10- 20 parts, 1-3 parts of antistatic agent.
3. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: under the warp thread passes through Sequentially connected equipment is arranged to complete the process: GA124 beam warper, HS40 sizing machine, DELTA110 automatic denting machine, ZAX9100 loom, GA541 cloth inspecting machine, GA841 plaiter, A752 baling press.
4. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: under the weft yarn passes through It arranges sequentially connected equipment to complete the process: ZAX9100 loom, GA541 cloth inspecting machine, GA841 plaiter, A752 baling press.
5. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 1-4, it is characterised in that: the warp Yarn is identical with weft yarn ingredient, is cuprammonium dacron blended yarn, the cuprammonium dacron blended yarn, based on parts by weight, cuprammonium: terylene is 55:45。
6. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the cuprammonium terylene is mixed Spinning is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: cuprammonium yarn and terylene pre-drawing successively pass through FA311F drafting Machine, ASFA411 fly frame, FA506 spinning frame, village, 21C Japan field automatic winder.
7. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the cuprammonium yarn It is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: A002C type automatic plucker, A035C mixed cotton slitter, A036B porcupine opener Machine, A092A type tandem feeder, A076C type lapper, A186D carding machine, FA307 drawing frame, FA356 item and combination machine, FA266 combing machine.
8. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the terylene pre-drawing It is completed the process by following sequentially connected equipment: the double cottons of A002C type automatic plucker, A036B porcupine opener, A092A type Case cotton feeder, A076C type lapper, A186D carding machine, FA307 drawing frame.
9. a kind of production method of cuprammonium dacron according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: in the weaving process In, loom speed 550r/min, 2100 ± 200N of warp tension, 310 degree of heald level time.
10. a kind of cuprammonium dacron, which is characterized in that using such as a kind of cuprammonium dacron of any one of claim 1 to 9 Production method is prepared.
CN201811591780.6A 2018-12-25 2018-12-25 A kind of cuprammonium dacron and its production method Pending CN109667038A (en)

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CN110273217A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-24 吴江德伊时装面料有限公司 Production method containing copper ammonia fiber fabric
CN111041648A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-21 际华三五零九纺织有限公司 Tencel satin fabric and production method thereof

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