CN206828417U - A kind of highly effective compost system - Google Patents

A kind of highly effective compost system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206828417U
CN206828417U CN201720736388.0U CN201720736388U CN206828417U CN 206828417 U CN206828417 U CN 206828417U CN 201720736388 U CN201720736388 U CN 201720736388U CN 206828417 U CN206828417 U CN 206828417U
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China
Prior art keywords
agitator tank
belt wheel
agitating
temperature
segmented
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CN201720736388.0U
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Chinese (zh)
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万庆贺
万宏全
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Tianjin Wujin Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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Tianjin Wujin Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

It the utility model is related to a kind of highly effective compost system, it is characterised in that:Including detachable agitating device, segmented screw feeding device and temperature-detecting device, the segmented screw feeding device is vertically mounted on the charging aperture of the detachable agitating device, and described temperature-detecting device is arranged on inside the detachable agitating device.Innovative point of the present utility model is to feed, crush, turning, air blast, heating, fermentation and temperature detection together as one, effectively improve composting efficiency, split and fed according to windrow different choice segmented, increase the continuous flow of organic materials, agitator tank good heat insulating, agitating device is removably mounted in agitator tank, mechanical agitation is realized according to material characteristic, material is well mixed, drive mechanism automaticity is high, labour is reduced to greatest extent, and low energy expenditure, blower system realizes that automatic air injects, it is green tasteless, it is dustless, it is pollution-free.

Description

A kind of highly effective compost system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical equipment field, is related to Composter=device, especially a kind of highly effective compost system System.
Background technology
It using crop straw, weeds, leaf, peat, rubbish and other discarded objects etc. be primary raw material that compost, which is, is mixed The organic fertilizer that people and animals' fecaluria forms through composting decomposition.Nutriment contained by compost is relatively abundant, and fertilizer efficiency is long and stablize, simultaneously The formation of soil solid particless structure is may advantageously facilitate, soil water-retaining, insulation, the ventilative, ability of fertilizer conservation can be increased, and mix with chemical fertilizer Close using can make up that nutrient contained by chemical fertilizer is single again, long-term single use chemical fertilizer makes soil hardening, water conservation, fertilizer conservation degraded performance Defect.
Compost mainly utilizes the effect of multiple-microorganism, and the Organic residues of material are carried out into mineralization, humification and harmless Change, various complicated organic nutrients is converted into soluble nutrient and humus, while utilize caused high temperature when accumulating (60-70 DEG C) kills caused germ, worm's ovum and weed seed in raw material, reaches innoxious purpose.Therefore, in order to High-quality compost is obtained, during composting, good condition is created for the vital movement of microorganism by fair means or foul, is to speed up heap Fertilizer is decomposed and improves the key of fertilizer efficiency.
The organic waste materials to be converted for compost are accommodated using composter barrel or tank in the prior art, in composter barrel or tank Agitating device is set, and it is also known that feed arrangement is connected on agitating device, but Composter device of the prior art still suffers from The problem of certain:
1st, because the effect of microorganism is closely related with temperature and humidity condition, therefore, control composting process temperature and Humidity is the key for being smoothed out compost, and material, which is sufficiently stirred, can effectively improve material contact area so as to improve compost Efficiency, but because the difference of composting material and heap body, compositing system are not attained by the high temperature requirement of aerobic compost, compost temperature Bad control is spent so as to influence compost effect, and single compositing system can not meet different windrow species and heap in the prior art The demand of amount, this is difficult to the high temperature requirement for reaching different windrow aerobic composts;
2nd, compost temperature is bad controls so as to influence compost effect, it is desirable to temperature, damp condition is effectively controlled, not only to stirring Mix device to require, feed arrangement also functions to very big effect, if the speed promoted in the good material of charging Absent measures can be with It is effective to improve composting efficiency, uniform material is provided for follow-up stirring, is applied to for different composting materials and heap body Different compost temperatures and humidity, because treating capacity is different, required pusher intensity is also different, the life food waste for bulk The processing intensity of the windrow such as rubbish and industrial sludge waste water is just different, and composting feeding equipment of the prior art is relatively simple, Handle different windrows and use fixed equipment, specific aim is poor, certain influence to compost effect be present;
3rd, at present, conventional compost machine actuating device is large-size machine system, and power is big, and power consumption is high, and being documented makes With solar power system energy-conserving and environment-protective, but time-consuming that efficiency is low, extends the compost time, increase processing human cost, effect Rate is low;
4th, it is relatively low or when refuse moisture content is higher for indivedual time temperature such as early spring in winter, heap of the prior art Fertile machine hinders the rising of fermentation temperature, and it is not up to standard fermentation time harmful bacterium colony death rate such as length and Escherichia coli partially often occur The problems such as, so as to cause the organic fertilizer of fermentation output not reach national standard.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is in place of overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided one kind is applied to different windrows and heap The stirring and charging of amount, it is effectively increased good material mixture homogeneity, temperature control effect, low-carbon environment-friendly, the highly effective compost of efficient energy-saving System.
The utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem and takes following technical scheme to realize:
A kind of highly effective compost system, including detachable agitating device, segmented screw feeding device and temperature-detecting device, The segmented screw feeding device is vertically mounted on the charging aperture of the detachable agitating device, described temperature detection dress Put and be arranged on inside the detachable agitating device.
Moreover, described detachable agitating device includes rabbling mechanism and transmission mechanism, rabbling mechanism includes agitator tank, turned Moving axis and agitating paddle, described rotary shaft are coaxially mounted in agitator tank, and some agitating paddle vertical removables, which are arranged on, to be rotated On axle, described rabbling mechanism is driven by transmission mechanism, and the transmission mechanism includes motor, belt wheel, belt and big belt wheel Disk, motor connection belt shaft driving pulley rotate, and the big belt wheel disk is arranged on side outside agitator tank, described turn Moving axis is coaxially inserted into the big belt wheel center hole, engages assembling with the big belt wheel disk, the big belt wheel disk with it is described Belt wheel is connected by belt, and the bottom of the agitator tank is provided with air blower, and the air blower connects with the cavity of agitator tank, The side of agitator tank is provided with discharging opening.
Moreover, described segmented screw feeding device includes feeding cylinder, drive shaft and screw propulsion disk group, described drive Moving axis is co-axially located in the feeding cylinder, and described screw propulsion disk group is coaxially mounted in described drive shaft, described One end of drive shaft is provided with motor.
Moreover, described feeding cylinder is segmented demountable structure, described screw propulsion disk group pushes away including transport screw Enter disk and reverse acting spiral pushing disc, described transport screw pushing disc integrally makes 1/3rd sections of portion on the driving shaft, described Reverse acting spiral pushing disc integrally make 1/3rd sections of drive shaft bottom.
Moreover, described temperature-detecting device includes temperature detection inductor and temperature detection receiver, described temperature Detection inductor is uniformly arranged on the tank body of agitator tank, and described temperature detection receiver is arranged on the computer of testing staff In.
The advantages of the utility model and have the beneficial effect that:
1st, rotary shaft and agitating paddle are provided with the agitator tank of the detachable agitating device of the system, innovative point is to mix oar Vertical removable is installed on the rotating shaft, can be stirred according to the installation of composting material and the different choice of heap body is a number of Oar is mixed, effectively improves compost stirring efficiency, while rotary shaft can also extract out from agitator tank, may be not only suitable for different machines The also convenient dismounting of body and maintenance, effectively save cost.
2nd, the segmented screw feeding device of the system includes feeding cylinder, drive shaft and screw propulsion disk, feeding cylinder, driving Axle is that segmented is set, and can be split and combined according to the different choice of windrow property and weight, described screw propulsion disk Transport screw pushing disc and reverse acting spiral pushing disc are provided with, is effectively increased charging motive force, especially for bulk windrow, is gone back With certain cutting agitating function, laid the foundation for follow-up agitating procedure, effectively improve composting efficiency, reduce energy consumption.
3rd, the transmission mechanism of the system is made up of motor, belt wheel, belt and big belt wheel disk, and belt wheel coaxially installed drive The drive shaft of dynamic motor, with belt wheel by belt transmission, the rotary shaft is coaxially inserted into the big belt wheel disk big belt wheel disk In heart hole, assembling is engaged with the big belt wheel disk, the driving for completing rotary shaft rotates, effectively by the point driving force of motor Circumference driving force by transmission, conversion into big belt wheel, and then drive rotary shaft to rotate, effectively reduce stress, reduce driving machine The loss of structure and rotary shaft.
4th, bottom side is provided with air blower and gas pipeline inside the agitator tank of the system, and gas pipeline is laid in agitator tank bottom Portion, the gas pipeline are connected with the air blower, and some stomatas are uniformly offered on the appendix.Realize that air is noted automatically Enter, it is environment friendly and pollution-free, temperature and humidity is effectively controlled, realizes spontaneous fermentation, output meets national standard organic fertilizer.
5th, the system temperature-detecting device includes temperature detection inductor and temperature detection receiver, described temperature detection Inductor is uniformly arranged on the tank body of agitator tank, and described temperature detection receiver is arranged in the computer of testing staff, can To be monitored in real time to the temperature in compositing system, compost is effectively instructed, improves composting efficiency.
6th, innovative point of the present utility model is to feed, and crushes, turning, air blast, and heating, fermentation and temperature detection collection are One, composting efficiency is effectively improved, split and fed according to windrow different choice segmented, increase the continuous flowing of organic materials Property, agitator tank good heat insulating, agitating device are removably mounted in agitator tank, realize mechanical agitation according to material characteristic, thing Material is well mixed, and drive mechanism automaticity is high, reduces labour, and low energy expenditure to greatest extent, and blower system is realized Automatic air injects, green tasteless, dustless, pollution-free.The compost handled with the system is without any chemical addition agent, naturally It is organic, waste is become into organic fertilizer.Present apparatus design science is reasonable, compact-sized, takes up an area small, green, low-carbon safety, energy-conservation Emission reduction, effective simplification is so that compost reaches time saving, and laborsaving, economical effect, suitable for cultivating excrement, garden garbage is raw Rubbish living, the processing such as rubbish from cooking municipal sludge and food industry waste residue, suitable for vigorously promoting the use.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 main view part sectioned view;
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 2 A-A to sectional view;
Fig. 4 is the right view of agitating device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the left view of agitating device in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment, the utility model is described in further detail, following examples be it is descriptive, no It is limited, it is impossible to which the scope of protection of the utility model is limited with this.
A kind of highly effective compost system, effectively charging, stirring and temperature detection are integrated, innovative point is:
1st, it is described as shown in figure 1, including detachable agitating device, segmented screw feeding device and temperature-detecting device Segmented screw feeding device is vertically mounted on the charging aperture 12 of the detachable agitating device, described temperature-detecting device It is arranged on inside the detachable agitating device;
2nd, as shown in Fig. 2 described detachable agitating device includes rabbling mechanism and transmission mechanism, rabbling mechanism includes this Body agitator tank 1, rotary shaft 4 and agitating paddle 14, such as Fig. 3, described rotary shaft is coaxially mounted in agitator tank, some agitating paddles Vertical removable is installed on the rotating shaft, and described rabbling mechanism is driven by transmission mechanism, and the transmission mechanism includes driving electricity Machine 13, belt wheel 7, belt 6 and big belt wheel disk 5, the motor connection belt shaft driving pulley are rotated, and the big belt wheel disk is set The side outside agitator tank is put, the rotary shaft is coaxially inserted into the big belt wheel center hole, is nibbled with the big belt wheel disk Attach together and match somebody with somebody, the big belt wheel disk is connected with the belt wheel by belt;
3rd, described segmented screw feeding device includes feeding cylinder 3, drive shaft 10 and screw propulsion disk group, described drive Moving axis is co-axially located in the feeding cylinder, and described screw propulsion disk group is coaxially mounted in described drive shaft, described One end of drive shaft is provided with motor 2;
4th, described feeding cylinder is segmented demountable structure, and described screw propulsion disk group includes transport screw pushing disc 9 and reverse acting spiral pushing disc 11, described transport screw pushing disc integrally makes 1/3rd sections of portion on the driving shaft, described Reverse acting spiral pushing disc is integrally made 1/3rd sections of drive shaft bottom;
5th, described temperature-detecting device includes temperature detection inductor 8 and temperature detection receiver, the inspection of described temperature Survey inductor to be uniformly arranged on the tank body of agitator tank, described temperature detection receiver is arranged in the computer of testing staff (not shown);
6th, the bottom of the agitator tank is provided with air blower 15, the air blower connects with the cavity of agitator tank, is stirring The side of tank is provided with discharging opening 16.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
In use, detachable agitating device is connected with segmented screw feeding device, motor drives drive shaft to turn Move so as to drive screw propulsion disk group to rotate, material is poured into segmented screw feeding device, starts detachable agitating device Transmission mechanism, motor driven belts wheel rotate, and belt wheel drives belt, and so as to drive big belt wheel disk to rotate, big belt wheel dish driving rotates Axle rotates, and rotary shaft drives agitating paddle, and material is stirred under the promotion of agitating paddle, while start-up temperature detection means, if The temperature detection inductor put on stirring tank skin can be detected in real time to the temperature in agitator tank, and will be detected Data are sent on temperature detection receiver, effectively instruct material compost, efficiently convenient.

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. highly effective compost system, it is characterised in that:Including detachable agitating device, segmented screw feeding device and temperature Detection means, the segmented screw feeding device is vertically mounted on the charging aperture of the detachable agitating device, described Temperature-detecting device is arranged on inside the detachable agitating device.
  2. A kind of 2. highly effective compost system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described detachable agitating device includes Rabbling mechanism and transmission mechanism, rabbling mechanism include agitator tank, rotary shaft and agitating paddle, and described rotary shaft is coaxially mounted to stir Mix in tank, on the rotating shaft, described rabbling mechanism is driven by transmission mechanism, should for some agitating paddle vertical removable installations Transmission mechanism includes motor, belt wheel, belt and big belt wheel disk, and the motor connection belt shaft driving pulley rotates, The big belt wheel disk is arranged on side outside agitator tank, and the rotary shaft is coaxially inserted into the big belt wheel center hole, with The big belt wheel disk engagement assembling, the big belt wheel disk are connected by belt with the belt wheel, set in the bottom of the agitator tank Air blower is equipped with, the air blower connects with the cavity of agitator tank, and the side of agitator tank is provided with discharging opening.
  3. A kind of 3. highly effective compost system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described segmented screw feeding device It is co-axially located at including feeding cylinder, drive shaft and screw propulsion disk group, described drive shaft in the feeding cylinder, described spiral Pushing disc group is coaxially mounted in described drive shaft, and motor is provided with one end of the drive shaft.
  4. A kind of 4. highly effective compost system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described feeding cylinder is that segmented is removable Structure is unloaded, described screw propulsion disk group includes transport screw pushing disc and reverse acting spiral pushing disc, and described transport screw pushes away Enter disk and integrally make 1/3rd sections of portion on the driving shaft, described reverse acting spiral pushing disc is integrally made in drive shaft bottom three / mono- section.
  5. A kind of 5. highly effective compost system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described temperature-detecting device includes temperature Degree detection inductor and temperature detection receiver, described temperature detection inductor are uniformly arranged on the tank body of agitator tank, institute The temperature detection receiver stated is arranged in the computer of testing staff.
CN201720736388.0U 2017-06-23 2017-06-23 A kind of highly effective compost system Active CN206828417U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720736388.0U CN206828417U (en) 2017-06-23 2017-06-23 A kind of highly effective compost system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720736388.0U CN206828417U (en) 2017-06-23 2017-06-23 A kind of highly effective compost system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112919949A (en) * 2021-03-30 2021-06-08 北京四良科技有限公司 Continuous mixing and accurate quantitative control device and method for low-carbon enzymolysis micro-aerobic composting raw material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112919949A (en) * 2021-03-30 2021-06-08 北京四良科技有限公司 Continuous mixing and accurate quantitative control device and method for low-carbon enzymolysis micro-aerobic composting raw material

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