CN206776061U - A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus - Google Patents

A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206776061U
CN206776061U CN201720095382.XU CN201720095382U CN206776061U CN 206776061 U CN206776061 U CN 206776061U CN 201720095382 U CN201720095382 U CN 201720095382U CN 206776061 U CN206776061 U CN 206776061U
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China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
lifting arm
support
cutter
belt wheel
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CN201720095382.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨福增
谭晨佼
付作立
刘志杰
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Northwest A&F University
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Northwest A&F University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus, mainly including frame, elevating mechanism, levelling gear, obstacle avoidance apparatus, cutter device.Frame is connected with lifting arm by gyroaxis and revolving drum, frame is hinged with revolving drum, hydraulic cylinder I is connected between two parts, revolving drum is hinged with lifting arm, hydraulic cylinder II is connected between two parts, the front end of lifting arm is connected with a support, lifting arm is be hinged with support, hydraulic cylinder III is connected between two parts, hydraulic motor is fixed on support top, power transmission shaft is connected by shaft coupling with hydraulic motor output shaft, cut disk and transmission axis connection, 3 cutting axis pass through belt wheel and transmission axis connection, each cutting axis bottom is mounted on 1 cutter, 3 cutteves are at a distance of 120 °, moment operation track is distributed in three disc types.The utility model is designed reasonably, operating efficiency is high, can adjust cutting height, removes the weeds between fruit tree line space, can effectively avoid leakage cutting, have good application prospect.

Description

A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical field, is related to a kind of mowing-apparatus, more particularly, to a kind of three disc type fruits Garden avoidance mowing-apparatus.
Background technology
It is an important maintenance work in orchard that orchard, which is mowed, main at present still to take manual mowing or hand-held to cut Careless device is mowed, and the former wastes time and energy, and under efficiency, the latter's noise is big, and grass cuttings caused by mowing are to labourer's actual bodily harm It is larger.Because fruit tree line space is smaller, existing mowing-apparatus can not effectively be cut off for the weeds between fruit tree line space, and Existing mowing-apparatus uses double-disc structure mostly, easily between double-arc spline formed leakage cut band, therefore, develop efficiently, do not leak cut, The mowing-apparatus that weeds between fruit tree line space can be removed is significant.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem used technical scheme is the utility model:A kind of three disc type orchard avoidances Mowing-apparatus, including frame, elevating mechanism, levelling gear, obstacle avoidance apparatus, cutter device.Frame passes through gyroaxis with lifting arm Connected with revolving drum, frame is hinged with revolving drum, and hydraulic cylinder I is connected between two parts, and revolving drum is hinged with lifting arm, two parts Between be connected with hydraulic cylinder II, the front end of lifting arm is connected with a support, and lifting arm is be hinged with support, and hydraulic pressure is connected between two parts Cylinder III, hydraulic motor are fixed on support top, and power transmission shaft is connected by shaft coupling with hydraulic motor output shaft, cuts disk and transmission Axis connection, 3 cutting axis are mounted on 1 cutter by belt wheel and transmission axis connection, each cutting axis bottom, and 3 cutter At a distance of 120 °, moment operation track is distributed in three disc types.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
It according to the utility model, can be moved up and down by Driven by Hydraulic Cylinder lifting arm, and pass through lifting arm and support Between hydraulic cylinder adjustment cut disk and ground keep level, so as to reach adjust cutting height purpose.Due to being filled using cantilever Put, therefore mowing-apparatus can be mowed between fruit tree line space, and can be displaced outwardly when running into fruit tree, so as to keep away Open fruit tree.The cutter arrangement of three disc types also can effectively avoid leakage cutting phenomenon.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description:
Fig. 1 is the disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus structural representation of the utility model three.
Fig. 2 is the cutter device upward view of the disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus of the utility model three.
1- frames in figure, 2- hydraulic cylinders I, 3- gyroaxis, 4- revolving drums, 5- hydraulic cylinders II, 6- lifting arm, 7- hydraulic cylinders III, 8- are supported, 9- hydraulic motors, 10- shaft couplings, 11- power transmission shafts, 12- belt wheels I, 13- band, 14- cutting axis, 15- belt wheel II, 16- cuts disk, 17- cutteves.
Embodiment
Explanation is further explained to the utility model below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus, including frame be the utility model is related to (1), elevating mechanism, levelling gear, obstacle avoidance apparatus and cutter device.The elevating mechanism is arranged in frame, and controls cutting Device lifts, and described levelling gear is used for the angle for adjusting cutter device and ground, and described obstacle avoidance apparatus is used to avoid fruit Tree.
Described elevating mechanism mainly includes revolving drum (4), hydraulic cylinder II (5), lifting arm (6), hydraulic cylinder II (5) bottom End is arranged on revolving drum (4), and its top is connected with lifting arm (6), when cutter device needs to rise, controls hydraulic cylinder II (5) extend, drive lifting arm (6) and whole cutter device to rise.By controlling the lifting of elevating mechanism, adjustment can be reached and cut The purpose of stubble height.
Described levelling gear mainly includes lifting arm (6), hydraulic cylinder III (7), support (8), hydraulic cylinder III (7) bottom On end installation lifting arm (6), its top is connected with support (8), after elevating mechanism lifts cutter device, controls hydraulic cylinder III (7) extends, so as to keep whole cutter device and ground keep level.
Described obstacle avoidance apparatus mainly includes frame (1), hydraulic cylinder I (2), gyroaxis (3), revolving drum (4), hydraulic cylinder I (2) bottom is arranged in frame (1), and its top is connected with revolving drum (4), when cutter device is close to fruit tree, controls hydraulic pressure Cylinder I (2) extends, and makes elevating mechanism, levelling gear, cutter device unitary rotation, so as to get around fruit tree, after fruit tree is got around, and control Hydraulic cylinder I (2) processed is shortened, make whole device return to before operating position.
Described cutter device mainly includes support (8), hydraulic motor (9), shaft coupling (10), power transmission shaft (11), belt wheel I (12), band (13), cutting axis (14), belt wheel II (15), cut disk (16), cutter (17), described hydraulic motor (9) is fixedly mounted In support (8), described power transmission shaft (11) is connected by shaft coupling (10) with support (8), and passes through bearing and support (8) It is connected, described belt wheel I (12) is connected by key with power transmission shaft (11), and described belt wheel II (15) passes through band (13) and belt wheel I (12) be connected, described cutting axis (14) are connected by key with belt wheel II (15), it is described cut disk (16) by bearing respectively with Power transmission shaft (11), cutting axis (14) are connected, and described cutter (17) is connected by bolt with cutting axis (14).During work, open Hydraulic motor (9), hydraulic motor (9) drive power transmission shaft (11) rotation, are transmitted power by belt wheel I (12) and belt wheel II (15) To 3 cutting axis (14), and then the cutter (17) of cutting axis (14) lower end is driven to rotate at a high speed, so as to which weeds be cut off.
Described cutting axis (14), the quantity of cutter (17) are 3, and 3 cutter (17) at a distance of 120 °, its moment operation Track is distributed in three disc types, and this arrangement can effectively avoid leakage cutting phenomenon.
Structure and working principle of the present utility model is explained with specific embodiment above, the utility model does not limit to In above example, according to above-mentioned description, any modification of all made within spirit of the present utility model and principle, Replace and improve etc., it should be included within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (1)

  1. A kind of 1. three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus, it is characterised in that:Including frame (1), elevating mechanism, levelling gear, Obstacle avoidance apparatus and cutter device;The elevating mechanism is arranged in frame, and controls cutter device to lift, described levelling gear For adjusting the angle of cutter device and ground, described obstacle avoidance apparatus is used to avoid fruit tree;
    Described elevating mechanism mainly includes revolving drum (4), hydraulic cylinder II (5), lifting arm (6), hydraulic cylinder II (5) bottom peace On revolving drum (4), its top is connected with lifting arm (6);
    Described levelling gear mainly includes lifting arm (6), hydraulic cylinder III (7), support (8), hydraulic cylinder III (7) bottom peace Fill on lifting arm (6), its top is connected with support (8);
    Described obstacle avoidance apparatus mainly includes frame (1), hydraulic cylinder I (2), gyroaxis (3), revolving drum (4), hydraulic cylinder I's (2) Bottom is arranged in frame (1), and its top is connected with revolving drum (4);
    Described cutter device mainly includes support (8), hydraulic motor (9), shaft coupling (10), power transmission shaft (11), belt wheel I (12), band (13), cutting axis (14), belt wheel II (15), cut disk (16), cutter (17), described hydraulic motor (9) is fixedly mounted In support (8), described power transmission shaft (11) is connected by shaft coupling (10) with support (8), and passes through bearing and support (8) It is connected, described belt wheel I (12) is connected by key with power transmission shaft (11), and described belt wheel II (15) passes through band (13) and belt wheel I (12) be connected, described cutting axis (14) are connected by key with belt wheel II (15), it is described cut disk (16) by bearing respectively with Power transmission shaft (11), cutting axis (14) are connected, and described cutter (17) is connected by bolt with cutting axis (14);
    Described cutting axis (14), the quantity of cutter (17) are 3, and 3 cutter (17) at a distance of 120 °, its moment operation track It is distributed in three disc types.
CN201720095382.XU 2017-01-20 2017-01-20 A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus Active CN206776061U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201720095382.XU CN206776061U (en) 2017-01-20 2017-01-20 A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720095382.XU CN206776061U (en) 2017-01-20 2017-01-20 A kind of three disc type orchard avoidance mowing-apparatus

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108207284A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-29 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 A kind of avoiding-type grass trimmer of Novel tractor traction
CN108522025A (en) * 2018-04-09 2018-09-14 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 A kind of intelligent barrier avoiding grass trimmer
CN111264169A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-12 龙安 Weeding device of afforestation maintenance usefulness

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108207284A (en) * 2017-12-30 2018-06-29 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 A kind of avoiding-type grass trimmer of Novel tractor traction
CN108522025A (en) * 2018-04-09 2018-09-14 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 A kind of intelligent barrier avoiding grass trimmer
CN111264169A (en) * 2020-03-31 2020-06-12 龙安 Weeding device of afforestation maintenance usefulness

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