CN206571217U - Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city - Google Patents

Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN206571217U
CN206571217U CN201720114562.8U CN201720114562U CN206571217U CN 206571217 U CN206571217 U CN 206571217U CN 201720114562 U CN201720114562 U CN 201720114562U CN 206571217 U CN206571217 U CN 206571217U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
aquifer
filtering layer
city
landing
sponge
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201720114562.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴昊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd filed Critical Tile Engineering Consulting (beijing) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720114562.8U priority Critical patent/CN206571217U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206571217U publication Critical patent/CN206571217U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city, including foundation ditch, and the top of the foundation ditch is provided with landing, and the landing is provided with some permeable holes;Cleaned filtering layer is provided with below the landing, the first aquifer is formed between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing;The second aquifer is provided with below the cleaned filtering layer;The cleaned filtering layer includes Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture, and green plants are implanted with the top kind of the cleaned filtering layer.In the utility model, in rainfall, rainwater enters via the permeable hole of landing is regulated and stored in the first aquifer;Then, rainwater is slowly downwardly into the second aquifer, in the presence of cleaned filtering layer, is greatly improved into the water quality in the second aquifer.As can be seen here, the utility model is respectively provided with certain control function on both side to the water and water quality of rainwater, is conducive to saving water resource and mitigates urban waterlogging risk.

Description

Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
Technical field
The utility model is related to shutdown system technical field, and in particular to a kind of Outdoor Parking based on sponge the idea of the city Position system.
Background technology
With the quickening of urbanization process, take place frequently effectiveness factors more, and flood has become the Chinese each big city of puzzlement Different degrees of waterlogging occurred for the urban disease in city, the city for just having 62% in only -2010 years 2008, caused any property loss Or even casualties.It is except agricultural non-point source pollution that the shower of urban rainfall runoff and souring, which produce the pollution of area source to be formed, Second largest pollution of area source type.Particularly at heavy rain initial stage, due to rainfall, runoff by earth's surface and be deposited on sewer pipe network Pollutant, it is in a short time, sudden to wash away remittance receiving water body, and cause water pollution.Waterlogging and pollution of area source are cities The subject matter that city's rain flood faces, solves the safety of the bad sound development and people's lives that can influence city.Sponge city is built If by all kinds of low influence exploitation rainwater infrastructure, give full play to urban green space, road and water system etc. to the receiving of rainwater, Storage blends slow releasing function, makes the hydrological characteristics after city development construction close to before exploitation.
Permeable parking stall is a kind of low influence development technique of commonplace application.Permeable parking stall utilizes seepy material Concrete, pitch and face brick that traditional parking lot is used etc. are substituted, rainwater is permeated in the original location, reduces underlying surface runoff coefficient. Permeable parking stall is general to be built on soil matrix, and permeable surface layer, permeable screed-coat, porous base course and permeable bottom are set from top to down Basic unit.Permeable surface layer is typically using water-permeable brick, embedding careless brick, pervious concrete etc.;Permeable screed-coat typically using dry sand, rubble or Dry mortar, thickness is generally 20mm-30mm;Porous base course typically uses graded broken stone, medium coarse sand or prototype gradation sand Gravel material etc., permeable underlayment thickness is generally higher than 150mm.
Permeable pavement parking stall suitable application region is wide, easy construction, with by permeate reduction surface runoff coefficient, water storage and The functions such as underground water are covered, but are had the following disadvantages:
1) easily block, water permeable ability drops to common material level after blocking, it is impossible to play function again;
2) infiltration water permeable ability is limited:Although the permeable general infiltration coefficient of parking stall surface layer it is all larger (generally higher than 1 × 10-4m/s), medium and small rainfall can be made to infiltrate through basic unit or underground in time, but because the general penetrating power of Soil Surrounding is limited, stopped Parking stall bottom will quickly reach saturation.According to crushed rock base course thickness 200mm porositys according to 20% meter, water-holding capacity meets 40mm Rainfall, is roughly equivalent to meet rainfall in 1 year one that the South China duration is one hour, and ability will be close to the limit;
3) cold district has by the risk of freeze-thaw damage.
Utility model content
For defect of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city System, to provide to rainwater water and the ambilateral control function of water quality, while rainwater water is controlled, improves rainwater quality, It is easy to rainwater to recycle, is conducive to saving water resource.
A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city that the utility model is provided, including foundation ditch, the base The top in hole is provided with landing, and the landing is provided with some permeable holes;Purification is provided with below the landing Filter layer, forms between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing and is provided with below the first aquifer, the cleaned filtering layer Second aquifer;The cleaned filtering layer includes Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture, cleaned at this The top kind of filtering layer is implanted with green plants.
In the utility model, in rainfall, rainwater enters in the first aquifer via the permeable hole of landing, and this first Aquifer is the idle area that is formed between landing and cleaned filtering layer, the space recessed equivalent to one, therefore, first Aquifer can accommodate more rainwater, and rainwater is regulated and stored, and the accumulation of rainwater on landing is greatly reduced;Then, Rainwater in first aquifer slowly can enter the second aquifer, net via cleaned filtering layer downwards under gravity Under the filtration for changing filter layer, the water quality entered in the second aquifer is significantly improved, and rainwater is in the second aquifer Further permeated to underground layer, can effective recharge of groundwater resource in final remittance underground water.As can be seen here, originally Utility model is respectively provided with certain control function on both side to the water and water quality of rainwater, is conducive to saving water resource;In addition, net Changing Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and the humus sawdust mixture of filter layer has excellent detergent power, and can support The survival of the common lawn greening plant such as Bermuda grass, rye grass and tall grass, it is such green in the top plantation of cleaned filtering layer Change plant, can effectively fill up the green coverage because building shutdown system and reduction, can by city generally existing it is old While community parking hardly possible problem is effectively solved, the ecological functions in sponge city have been played.
Preferably, the landing includes multiple parking plates;The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two long side wall, The long side-walls are provided with the first knee wall, and the short side-walls are provided with the second knee wall, and between two short side walls etc. between Away from being provided with multiple second knee walls;First knee wall and two neighboring second support coping are erected with described in one Parking plate.First knee wall and the second knee wall can fix parking plate well, ensure the bearing capacity and stability of parking plate, Improve the security performance of shutdown system.
Preferably, the parking plate is included using installation folder connection between polylith steel grating, adjacent two pieces of steel gratings, and The seam crossing of adjacent two pieces of steel gratings is provided with support column.The structural strength of steel grating is higher, it is ensured that the safety of shutdown system Property;Moreover, steel grating has ventilation, daylighting, radiating and the performance such as anti-skidding so that the green plants under parking plate can be received Irradiated to enough sunlight, be conducive to the growth of vegetation.
Preferably, second aquifer is gravel aquifer, and the gravel is free from foreign meter using a diameter of 8-11mm's Lime stone rubble, the porosity 30%-40% of second aquifer;Set between the cleaned filtering layer and the second aquifer There is non-woven fabrics.Rainwater after filtering, can be regulated and stored in the second aquifer, using the aquifer of this structure, one square metre 0.2 cubic metre of rainwater can be just accommodated, with excellent rainwater storage effect;Moreover, in cleaned filtering layer and the second retaining Non-woven fabrics is set in layer, can effectively prevent the materials such as the soil in cleaned filtering layer from falling into the second aquifer, it is ensured that purification The stability of filter layer.
Preferably, drainpipe is provided with second aquifer, the drainpipe is connected with overflow well;The week of the drainpipe Some osculums are offered upwards, and the percent opening of the drainpipe is 3%;The periphery of the drainpipe is surrounded with non-woven fabrics.Work as rain Water water is larger, when the Regulation capacity of the first aquifer and the second aquifer reaches capacity, and rainwater can be entered along osculum In drainpipe, and then overproof rainwater is drained into overflow well, using this design structure, the tune of shutdown system can be improved Accumulation of energy power, further prevents that rain accumulates on parking plate, is conducive to urban construction;Moreover, setting nothing in the periphery of drainpipe Cloth is spun, can prevent the impurity such as silt from entering in drainpipe.
Preferably, the bottom of second aquifer is provided with waterproof cloth.When the distance between the second aquifer and underground water During more than 1 meter, then waterproof cloth need not be set, can be by secondary filter so that rainwater because rainwater is during the water that permeates the ground Quality obtained further guarantee, can import in underground water, will not cause underground water source be contaminated;And when the second retaining During 1 meter of the distance from bottom lack for underground water of layer, although the quality of the rainwater after purification filtering has reached in theory The standard of underground water is imported, still, in order to make provision against emergencies, it is necessary in the bottom setting waterproof cloth of the second aquifer, prevent rainwater Into in underground water.
Preferably, first knee wall, the second knee wall and support column use Reinforced Concrete Materials, to ensure it To the stability and reliability of the supporting role of parking plate.
Brief description of the drawings
, below will be right in order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art The accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art is briefly described.In all of the figs, it is similar Element or part are general by similar reference mark.In accompanying drawing, each element or part might not be according to actual ratios Draw.
Fig. 1 is a kind of top view of the Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the A-A profiles in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the B-B profiles in Fig. 1.
Reference:
1- parking plates;The aquifers of 2- first;The cleaned filtering layers of 3-;The aquifers of 4- second;The knee walls of 5- first;6- second Buttress;7- support columns;8- drainpipes;9- overflow wells.
Embodiment
The embodiment of technical solutions of the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Following examples are only For clearly illustrating the technical solution of the utility model, therefore example is only used as, and this practicality can not be limited with this New protection domain.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of outdoor based on sponge the idea of the city that the embodiment of the utility model one is provided Parking stall system, including foundation ditch, are followed successively by parking plate 1, the first aquifer 2, the and of cleaned filtering layer 3 from top to bottom in the foundation ditch Second aquifer 4, the upper surface of wherein parking plate 1 is flushed with road surface;First aquifer 2 be parking plate 1 and cleaned filtering layer 3 it Between the idle area that is formed, for being regulated and stored to rainwater, the rainwater reduced on parking plate 1 accumulates;Cleaned filtering layer 3 includes body Product is than being 5:4:1 Chinese garden planting soil, coarse sand and humus sawdust mixture, can remove in rainwater 85% TSS solid-states Suspension, 50% total nitrogen and 65% total phosphorus, increase substantially the rainwater quality after filtering;Second aquifer 4 stores for gravel Water layer, porosity 30%-40%, using a diameter of 8-11mm lime stone rubble free from foreign meter, rainwater after filtering, can be with Regulated and stored, one square metre can just accommodate 0.2 cubic metre of rainwater, imitated with excellent rainwater storage in the second aquifer 4 Really;Non-woven fabrics is provided between the above-mentioned cleaned aquifer 4 of filtering layer 3 and second, to prevent the things such as the soil in purification filtering layer 3 Matter is fallen into the second aquifer 4, it is ensured that the stability of cleaned filtering layer.
Green plants are implanted with the top kind of the cleaned filtering layer 3, the component of cleaned filtering layer 3 can support dog tooth The survival of the common lawn greening plant such as root, rye grass and tall grass, plants in the such greening of top plantation of cleaned filtering layer 3 Thing, can effectively fill up can also bring green parking position because building shutdown system after the green coverage of reduction, plant maturation Appearance characteristics.
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned first aquifer 2, the thickness of the aquifer 4 of cleaned filtering layer 3 and second be respectively 200mm, 400mm and 500mm, the community of 100,000 square meters is 2% or so when the shutdown system that the present embodiment is provided takes plot area When, general 200 parking spaces can be provided, and the volume of about 1000 cubic metres of flood of regulating and storing can be provided, equivalent to whole The 16mm rainfall of individual community is controlled and utilized.
The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two long side wall, in order to be supported to parking plate, builds water storage space, The first knee wall 5 is provided with the long side-walls, the short side-walls are provided with the second knee wall 6, and between two short side walls Spaced set has multiple second knee walls 6, and the top of first knee wall 5 and two neighboring second knee wall 6 is erected with One parking plate 1.
Parking plate 1 is using the thick zinc-plated steel grating structures of 7-10cm, according to general parking stall size requirements, wide generally 2500mm-3000mm, the general 5000-6000mm of length, the zinc-plated steel grating dimensions used is 950mmx2100mm, one Parking panel is mounted side by side by the zinc-plated steel grating of 5-6 blocks to be formed, and is connected between two neighboring steel grating using supporting installation folder, And it is provided with support column 7 in the seam crossing of adjacent two pieces of steel gratings;Wherein, the pore-size of zinc-plated steel grating is 100x30mm, should The smooth permeable hole passed through of rainwater is easy in the hole formation of steel grating.
Above-mentioned first knee wall 5, the second knee wall 6 and support column 7 are built using reinforced concrete structure, to ensure it To the stability and reliability of the supporting role of parking plate.
In addition, being provided with drainpipe 8 in above-mentioned second aquifer 4, the drainpipe 8 is connected with overflow well 9;In the drainpipe 8 Circumference on offer some osculums, its percent opening is 3%, when rainwater water is larger, the first aquifer 2 and the second aquifer When 4 Regulation capacity reaches capacity, rainwater can be entered in drainpipe 8 along osculum, and then overproof rainwater is drained into In overflow well 9, using this design structure, it is ensured that the general safety of structure, while the Regulation capacity of shutdown system is improved, Be conducive to urban construction;The periphery of drainpipe 8 is provided with non-woven fabrics, to prevent the impurity such as silt from entering in drainpipe 8.
It should be noted that when 1 meter of the distance from bottom lack for underground water of the second aquifer 4, although pass through purification filtering The quality of rainwater afterwards has reached the standard for importing underground water in theory, still, in order to make provision against emergencies, it is necessary to second The bottom of aquifer 4 sets waterproof cloth, prevents rainwater from entering in underground water;And when between the second aquifer 4 and underground water away from During from more than 1 meter, then waterproof cloth need not be set.
Finally it should be noted that:Above example is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than its limitations; Although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those within the art that: It can still modify to the technical scheme described in previous embodiment, or to which part or all technical characteristic Carry out equivalent substitution;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from the utility model embodiment The scope of technical scheme, it all should cover among claim of the present utility model and the scope of specification.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
Including foundation ditch, the top of the foundation ditch is provided with landing, and the landing is provided with some permeable holes;
Cleaned filtering layer is provided with below the landing, first is formed between the cleaned filtering layer and the landing The second aquifer is provided with below aquifer, the cleaned filtering layer, green plants are implanted with the top kind of the cleaned filtering layer.
2. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 1 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
The landing includes multiple parking plates;
The foundation ditch includes two short side walls and two long side wall, and the long side-walls are provided with the first knee wall, the short side wall Place is provided with the second knee wall, and spaced set has multiple second knee walls between two short side walls;
First knee wall and two neighboring second support coping are erected with a parking plate.
3. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 2 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
The parking plate is included using installation folder connection between polylith steel grating, adjacent two pieces of steel gratings, and in adjacent two blocks of steel The seam crossing of panel is provided with support column.
4. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 3 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
Second aquifer is gravel aquifer, and the gravel is broken using a diameter of 8-11mm lime stone free from foreign meter Stone, the porosity 30%-40% of second aquifer;
Non-woven fabrics is provided between the cleaned filtering layer and the second aquifer.
5. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 4 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
Drainpipe is provided with second aquifer, the drainpipe is connected with overflow well;
Some osculums are offered in the circumference of the drainpipe, the percent opening of the drainpipe is 3%;
The periphery of the drainpipe is surrounded with non-woven fabrics.
6. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 5 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
The bottom of second aquifer is provided with waterproof cloth.
7. the Outdoor Parking position system according to claim 3 based on sponge the idea of the city, it is characterised in that:
First knee wall, the second knee wall and support column use Reinforced Concrete Materials.
CN201720114562.8U 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city Active CN206571217U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720114562.8U CN206571217U (en) 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720114562.8U CN206571217U (en) 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206571217U true CN206571217U (en) 2017-10-20

Family

ID=60058318

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720114562.8U Active CN206571217U (en) 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206571217U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108547485A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-18 温州正城建设有限公司 A kind of municipal administration gardens environmental protection parking
CN110630067A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-31 台晨茜 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108547485A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-09-18 温州正城建设有限公司 A kind of municipal administration gardens environmental protection parking
CN110630067A (en) * 2019-09-25 2019-12-31 台晨茜 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea
CN110630067B (en) * 2019-09-25 2020-12-11 五莲永信信息咨询有限公司 Outdoor parking space system based on sponge city idea

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN106917522B (en) A kind of Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN106638918A (en) Construction method for sponge city rainwater collection system
CN103132485A (en) External water interception and purification type urban river multi-element ecological embankment physical structural system
CN204728165U (en) Ecological permeable road surface
CN206752614U (en) A kind of sponge-type road sinks formula afforests dividing strip Rainwater collection system
CN207062672U (en) A kind of permeable pavement structure
CN109356225A (en) A kind of Multifunctional rain ecological utilization system
CN104032793A (en) Garden type rainwater impact resistance system used for residential area road
CN105803894A (en) Urban road rainwater regulation and storage system
CN110016886B (en) Riverway near natural ecological embankment
CN206571217U (en) Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN206052850U (en) A kind of roadside greening rainwater regulating pondage system
CN205617188U (en) Urban road rainwater regulation system
CN111255011A (en) Sponge urban drainage and seepage structure, rainwater collection and utilization system and working method thereof
CN110042724A (en) Collapsible Loess District road sponge facility rainwater catchment system and exhaust system
CN105484125B (en) A kind of step of Collection utilization rainwater
CN208501715U (en) A kind of Rain Garden
CN206371177U (en) Rainwater savings utilize integrated greenery patches structure
CN107354989A (en) A kind of Rainwater collection system suitable for old cell
CN205295848U (en) Firm type ecology system of mating formation of permeating water
CN203977495U (en) The anti-rainwater impact system of garden type for residential quarter road
CN206941335U (en) A kind of road for storing rainwater
CN207314476U (en) System of regulating and storing with dmp filter purification and collecting function
CN207793792U (en) A kind of road surface permeable pavement structure
CN109958099A (en) A kind of city river rain-flood resources regulator control system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant