CN114517430A - Ecological parking lot structure - Google Patents

Ecological parking lot structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114517430A
CN114517430A CN202011285641.8A CN202011285641A CN114517430A CN 114517430 A CN114517430 A CN 114517430A CN 202011285641 A CN202011285641 A CN 202011285641A CN 114517430 A CN114517430 A CN 114517430A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
planting
parking lot
lot structure
ecological parking
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011285641.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘向阳
李宝元
林晨
王贇
张玉阳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BEIJING INSTITUTE OF WATER
Original Assignee
BEIJING INSTITUTE OF WATER
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by BEIJING INSTITUTE OF WATER filed Critical BEIJING INSTITUTE OF WATER
Priority to CN202011285641.8A priority Critical patent/CN114517430A/en
Publication of CN114517430A publication Critical patent/CN114517430A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D24/00Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof
    • B01D24/02Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof with the filter bed stationary during the filtration
    • B01D24/10Filters comprising loose filtering material, i.e. filtering material without any binder between the individual particles or fibres thereof with the filter bed stationary during the filtration the filtering material being held in a closed container
    • B01D24/12Downward filtration, the filtering material being supported by pervious surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of ecological buildings and discloses an ecological parking lot structure, wherein the ecological parking lot structure comprises a pavement layer (1) which can bear vehicles and is provided with through holes, and planting layers (2) which are arranged on the lower side of the pavement layer (1) at intervals, the through holes can allow sunlight, air and water to pass through and reach the planting layers (2), the planting layers (2) can plant vegetation, and the space between the pavement layer (1) and the planting layers (2) can accommodate the vegetation. Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the space that holds vegetation growth is formed at the interval each other in layer of mating formation and planting to the layer of mating formation is formed with the through-hole and provides the vegetation of below with sunshine, air and water, consequently, can allow the vegetation to grow better, with the ecological landscape who improves the parking area, and the vegetation basically can not influence the structural strength of layer of mating formation.

Description

Ecological parking lot structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ecological buildings, in particular to an ecological parking lot structure.
Background
The parking area is comparatively common facility in the city, and different regions all can set up corresponding parking area according to the function of difference, and the form of mating formation is mostly the stereoplasm and paves. The paving material is mainly concrete, pervious concrete, concrete brick, pervious brick, grass planting brick, etc. In factories, passenger transport and other places with large vehicle carrying capacity, concrete and pervious concrete are mostly adopted for pavement; in places with small vehicle carrying capacity such as communities and parks, the water permeable bricks, grass planting bricks and other forms are mostly adopted.
Most of the parking lots are hard structures and cannot be planted; the grass planting brick paving form can realize plant growth, but the actual plant growth effect is poor, no plant can grow basically, and frost heaving damage is easily caused in winter.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an ecological parking lot structure to solve the problems that vegetation is difficult to grow and ecological landscape is poor.
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides an ecological parking lot structure, wherein the ecological parking lot structure includes a pavement layer capable of carrying vehicles and having through holes capable of allowing sunlight, air and water to pass through and reach the planting layer, a planting layer disposed at intervals on a lower side of the pavement layer, the planting layer capable of planting vegetation, and a space between the pavement layer and the planting layer capable of accommodating the vegetation.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure further comprises a water storage layer located on the lower side of the planting layer.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure comprises a water transfer member capable of absorbing moisture extending in the water storage layer.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure further comprises a filter material filling layer which is located between the planting layer and the water storage layer and can filter moisture.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure further comprises supporting blocks arranged horizontally at intervals, edges of the paving layer are supported on top surfaces of the supporting blocks, and the planting layer, the filter material filling layer and the water storage layer are located between the adjacent supporting blocks.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure comprises a permeable stuffing basket containing the filter material filling layer.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure includes a permeable planting basket that houses the planting layer.
Optionally, the bottom wall and/or the side wall of the planting basket is/are provided with non-woven fabrics.
Optionally, the side portions of the support blocks are provided with laterally projecting support beams for supporting the fill basket and/or the planting basket.
Optionally, the ecological parking lot structure further comprises a raw soil compacting layer supporting the water storage layer and the supporting blocks.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the space that holds vegetation growth is formed at the interval each other in layer of mating formation and planting to the layer of mating formation is formed with the through-hole and provides the vegetation of below with sunshine, air and water, consequently, can allow the vegetation to grow better, with the ecological landscape who improves the parking area, and the vegetation basically can not influence the structural strength of layer of mating formation.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a plan view of an ecological parking lot structure according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a sectional view of an eco-car park structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Description of the reference numerals
1-paving layer, 2-planting layer, 3-non-woven fabric, 4-planting basket, 5-filter material filling layer, 6-filling basket, 7-water storage layer, 8-raw soil compacting layer, 9-water conveying piece, 10-supporting beam and 11-supporting block.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of embodiments of the invention refers to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the present invention, are given by way of illustration and explanation only, not limitation.
In the present invention, the use of the directional words such as "up and down" generally means up and down in the vertical direction perpendicular to the ground, unless otherwise specified.
The invention provides an ecological parking lot structure, which comprises a pavement layer 1 capable of bearing vehicles and provided with through holes and a planting layer 2 arranged at intervals on the lower side of the pavement layer 1, wherein the through holes can allow sunlight, air and water to pass through and reach the planting layer 2, the planting layer 2 can plant vegetation, and the space between the pavement layer 1 and the planting layer 2 can accommodate the vegetation.
The pavement layer 1 may be the uppermost structure of the parking lot, which may be used to support vehicles, the pavement layer 1 is formed substantially as a plate-shaped structure, which may be a perforated reinforced concrete plate, a perforated metal plate, a metal grating plate, or the like, and may allow sunlight, air, water, or the like from the above aspect to pass through the through holes thereof to the lower planting layer 2.
Planting layer 2 can be the structure that can plant the vegetation such as soil or culture medium, and the thickness of its vertical direction can be about 200mm, can plant perennial low and short vegetation such as three leaves of white, chinese violet on it, and the space of planting layer 2 and the formation of mating formation 1 interval each other can allow the vegetation to grow, and the vegetation can absorb the sunshine, air, water etc. that pass the through-hole arrival below of mating formation 1.
In this scheme, the layer of mating formation and the layer of planting form the space that holds the vegetation and grow each other at an interval to the layer of mating formation is formed with the through-hole and provides the vegetation of below with sunshine, air and water, consequently, can allow the vegetation to grow better, with the ecological landscape who improves the parking area, and the vegetation basically can not influence the structural strength of layer of mating formation.
In addition, the ecological parking lot structure further includes a water storage layer 7 located at a lower side of the planting layer 2. The water storage layer 7 is directly or indirectly located at the lower side of the planting layer 2, the planting layer 2 can receive moisture from above, such as rainwater, irrigation water and the like, and when the moisture in the planting layer 2 is excessive, the excessive moisture can be discharged downwards, pass through the water storage layer 7 and be stored. The water storage layer 7 may be made of a water-absorbent sponge or other porous material to store moisture.
Wherein the ecological parking lot structure comprises a water transfer member 9 capable of absorbing moisture extending in the water storage layer 7. The water transfer member 9 is formed substantially in the form of a pipe which can be extended laterally to the outside of the water storage layer 7 to transfer the water stored in the water storage layer 7 to a water recovery pipe for other purposes to perform a function of recovering the water. The water delivery part 9 can comprise a water delivery pipe, micropores are formed on the pipe wall of the water delivery pipe to allow water to enter the water delivery pipe, cotton ropes D20-D50 mm can be arranged in the water delivery pipe, and water in the water storage layer 7 can be delivered to other positions through the water absorption effect of the cotton ropes, so that water recovery is realized.
In addition, ecological parking area structure still includes be located planting layer 2 with water storage layer 7 between, the filter material filling layer 5 that can filter moisture. Filter material filling layer 5 is located plants layer 2 downside, can support and plant layer 2 to can filter the water of planting layer 2 exudation downwards, make in the more pure moisture enters into reservoir stratum 7. The filter material filling layer 5 may be made of soil, zeolite, crushed stone, volcanic rock, ceramsite, etc., has a filtering effect on moisture, and allows moisture to pass through relatively quickly.
The ecological parking lot structure further comprises supporting blocks 11 arranged at intervals horizontally, the edges of the paving layer 1 are supported on the top surfaces of the supporting blocks 11, and the planting layer 2, the filter material filling layer 5 and the water storage layer 7 are located between the adjacent supporting blocks 11. Referring to fig. 1, the supporting block 11 may be formed substantially like a wall, and the edge of the pavement layer 1 may be supported on the top surface of the supporting block 11, and referring to fig. 2, a protrusion is formed in the middle of the top surface of the supporting block 11, and is as high as the top surface of the pavement layer 1, and the protrusion may serve as a stop and a positioning function in the horizontal direction, so that two pavement layers 1 supported by the same supporting block 11 may be more easily positioned. The supporting blocks 11 are formed substantially as horizontally extending walls, a plurality of the supporting blocks 11 may enclose a lattice structure in which the planting layer 2, the filtering material filling layer 5, and the water storage layer 7, etc. are located, the supporting blocks 11 may provide support for the structures from the side, and the lattices may be formed as units of an overall ecological parking lot structure, so that the parking lot may be constructed in units of units. The support block 11 may be a reinforced concrete structure or a masonry structure, etc.
The ecological parking lot structure comprises a permeable filler basket 6 for accommodating the filter material filling layer 5. As shown in fig. 2, the filtering material filling layer 5 may be placed in a stuffing basket 6, which makes it possible to form the filtering material filling layer 5 composed of crushed objects as a whole by the stuffing basket 6, for easier installation and disassembly, and one or more stuffing baskets 6 may be provided in a lattice surrounded by a plurality of supporting blocks 11. The stuffing basket 6 may be made of plastic, glass fiber reinforced plastic, metal, or the like, on which small holes allowing moisture to pass are formed.
In addition, the ecological parking lot structure includes a planting basket 4 capable of permeating water, which accommodates the planting layer 2. The planting layer 2 is made of soil or culture medium, is of a loose structure, can be integrally formed when placed in the planting basket 4, and is convenient to mount and dismount. The planting basket 4 is made of plastic, glass fiber reinforced plastic, metal or the like, and is formed with small holes allowing moisture to pass therethrough. Further, as shown with reference to fig. 2, planting basket 4 may be received within a fill basket 6 and supported on the top surface of filter media fill layer 5.
Wherein, the bottom wall and/or the side wall of the planting basket 4 is/are provided with non-woven fabrics 3. The non-woven fabric 3 may allow moisture to pass therethrough and may block soil or culture medium loss to protect the planting layer 2. The nonwoven fabric 3 may have a gauge of 250 grams per square meter.
In addition, the side portions of the support blocks 11 are provided with laterally protruding support beams 10 supporting the packing basket 6 and/or the planting basket 4. The support beam 10 extends substantially horizontally, i.e. along the horizontal length of the support block 11, the support beam 10 may be disposed near the level of the bottom surface of the planting layer 2 and near the level of the bottom surface of the filter material filling layer 5, and the top surface thereof may support the planting basket 4 and the packing basket 6, of course, in the embodiment where the planting basket 4 is disposed in the packing basket 6, only the support beam 10 supporting the packing basket 6 may be disposed. The support beam 10 supports the basket 6 so that the weight of the basket 6 is not supported by the lower water storage layer 7, thereby preventing the water storage layer 7 from being deformed by pressure and reducing the water storage capacity.
In addition, the ecological parking lot structure further comprises a raw soil compaction layer 8 supporting the water storage layer 7 and the supporting blocks 11. The support block 11 has a height approximately equal to the height from the top surface of the paved layer 1 to the bottom surface of the water storage layer 7, and is supported together with the water storage layer 7 on the raw soil of the building foundation, and the raw soil is compacted into the raw soil compacted layer 8 having a greater hardness.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited thereto. Within the scope of the technical idea of the invention, numerous simple modifications can be made to the technical solution of the invention, including combinations of the specific features in any suitable way, and the invention will not be further described in relation to the various possible combinations in order to avoid unnecessary repetition. Such simple modifications and combinations should also be considered as disclosed in the present invention, and all such modifications and combinations are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an ecological parking lot structure, its characterized in that, ecological parking lot structure sets up including the layer (1) of mating formation that can bear the weight of the vehicle and have the through-hole, interval ground the planting layer (2) of layer (1) downside of mating formation, the through-hole can allow sunshine, air and water to pass and reach on planting layer (2), planting layer (2) can plant the vegetation, layer (1) of mating formation with the space between planting layer (2) can hold the vegetation.
2. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 1, further comprising a water storage layer (7) located at a lower side of the planting layer (2).
3. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 2, characterized in that it comprises a water conveyance (9) capable of absorbing moisture extending in the water storage layer (7).
4. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 2, further comprising a filter material filling layer (5) capable of filtering moisture between the planting layer (2) and the water storage layer (7).
5. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 4, further comprising support blocks (11) horizontally spaced apart, wherein the edges of the pavement layer (1) are supported on the top surfaces of the support blocks (11), and the planting layer (2), the filter material filling layer (5) and the water storage layer (7) are located between the adjacent support blocks (11).
6. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 5, characterized in that it comprises a water-permeable stuffing basket (6) containing the filtering material infill layer (5).
7. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 6, characterized in that it comprises water-permeable planting baskets (4) housing the planting layers (2).
8. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 7, wherein the planting baskets (4) are provided with non-woven fabrics (3) on the bottom wall and/or the side walls.
9. Ecological parking lot structure according to claim 7, characterized in that the side of the support blocks (11) are provided with laterally protruding support beams (10) supporting the fill baskets (6) and/or the planting baskets (4).
10. The ecological parking lot structure according to claim 5, further comprising a raw soil compacting layer (8) supporting the water storage layer (7) and the support blocks (11).
CN202011285641.8A 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 Ecological parking lot structure Pending CN114517430A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011285641.8A CN114517430A (en) 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 Ecological parking lot structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011285641.8A CN114517430A (en) 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 Ecological parking lot structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114517430A true CN114517430A (en) 2022-05-20

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ID=81595542

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011285641.8A Pending CN114517430A (en) 2020-11-17 2020-11-17 Ecological parking lot structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114517430A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07180103A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-07-18 Haseko Corp Parking lot using water permeable blocks
KR20020090617A (en) * 2001-05-28 2002-12-05 (주)그린텍솔루션 Green Parking Lot Construction Using Concreate Block To Be Planted
CN206571217U (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-10-20 瓦地工程设计咨询(北京)有限公司 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN107881875A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-04-06 贵州师范大学 A kind of karst ecology parking lot and its building method
CN209723751U (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-12-03 河南理工大学 A kind of green parking level ground

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH07180103A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-07-18 Haseko Corp Parking lot using water permeable blocks
KR20020090617A (en) * 2001-05-28 2002-12-05 (주)그린텍솔루션 Green Parking Lot Construction Using Concreate Block To Be Planted
CN206571217U (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-10-20 瓦地工程设计咨询(北京)有限公司 Outdoor Parking position system based on sponge the idea of the city
CN107881875A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-04-06 贵州师范大学 A kind of karst ecology parking lot and its building method
CN209723751U (en) * 2019-03-21 2019-12-03 河南理工大学 A kind of green parking level ground

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