CN206356898U - A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines - Google Patents

A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206356898U
CN206356898U CN201621446287.1U CN201621446287U CN206356898U CN 206356898 U CN206356898 U CN 206356898U CN 201621446287 U CN201621446287 U CN 201621446287U CN 206356898 U CN206356898 U CN 206356898U
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China
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turntable
axis guide
guide rail
vertical
column
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CN201621446287.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜辉
许普生
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Shanghai Daqiao Yuyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Shanghai Daqiao Yuyuan Precision Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines, it is related to machining equipment technical field, including the base in inverted T-type structure, it is fixedly mounted on r types column and X-axis guide rail on base, the horizontal ends end of column is equipped with the main spindle box for the cuboid ram type that can slide up and down, main spindle box lower end is provided with main shaft, two Z axis guide rails are respectively provided with a pair of opposite flanks of main spindle box, horizontal tool magazine is installed in the vertical end of column, cutter is vertical displacement structure in tool magazine, the flatly moving type tool change arm having for automatic tool changer is horizontally disposed between main shaft and tool magazine, X-axis guide rail is provided with the saddle that can be moved along X-axis guide rail, saddle is provided with the Y-axis guide rail vertical with X-axis guide rail, turntable is provided with above Y-axis guide rail, DD motors are connected with turntable, turntable is provided with the workbench that can be rotated with turntable, the application, which provides one kind, can improve machining accuracy, reduce process, it can realize that clamped one time expeditiously completes the new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines of all processing.

Description

A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines
Technical field
The utility model is related to machining equipment technical field, and in particular in a kind of new vertical Compound Machining The heart.
Background technology
Current turnning and milling complex numerical control machine tool is broadly divided into following several:
1. horizontal lathe installs dynamic tool apron additional, based on sleeping carriage, coordinated with the Milling Function of dynamic tool apron, complete car Milling Compound Machining;
2. vertical lathe is combined milling spindle, turning-milling complex processing is completed.
But there is following defect in it:
First, the dynamic tool apron by main bluk recombination of sleeping carriage, also has to found car milling unit head as main bluk recombination, ties Structure is all that based on lathe, rigidity, precision and the function of milling are all very weak, may be only available for those based on Vehicle Processing, milling Processing capacity seldom and the not high workpiece of required precision.
2nd, to found car milling spindle as main bluk recombination, because the cost of numerical control vertical lathe in itself is just very high, then it is compounded with Cost is higher after Milling Function, if the user for processing those relatively small workpiece of turnery processing amount is difficult to bear;
To sum up, current complex milling machine tool is essentially all based on turnery processing, to be compounded with some simple millings Processing.If running into needs to bore the workpiece for based on Milling Machining, only include a small amount of turnery processing content, current turnning and milling is compound Lathe is just not suitable for.
Utility model content
For problem above, for bore above based on Milling Machining, with reference to the processing of a small amount of side face drilling-milling and a small amount of turning The workpiece of processing, the application provides one kind and can improve machining accuracy, reduce process, can realize that clamped one time is expeditiously completed The new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines all processed, its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines, including base in inverted T-type structure, the r that is fixedly mounted on base Type column and X-axis guide rail, the horizontal ends end of the column are equipped with the main spindle box for the cuboid ram type that can slide up and down, institute State main spindle box lower end and be provided with main shaft, a pair of opposite flanks of the main spindle box and be respectively provided with two Z axis guide rails, the column It is vertical displacement structure, level between the main shaft and tool magazine that cutter in horizontal tool magazine, the tool magazine is provided with vertical end The flatly moving type tool change arm for automatic tool changer is provided with, the X-axis guide rail is provided with the saddle that can be moved along X-axis guide rail, saddle It is provided with to be provided with turntable, turntable above the Y-axis guide rail vertical with X-axis guide rail, the Y-axis guide rail and is connected with DD motors, turntable Provided with the workbench that can be rotated with turntable.DD motors eliminate the complicated driving member such as traditional gear, worm and gear, directly It is connected with turntable, turntable can be directly driven and realize rotary motion, it is excellent with low, the achievable high speed rotation of simple in construction, noise etc. Point.
Further, the DD motors include motor rotor and motor stator, and motor stator connection turntable shell, motor turns Son connects connecting working table above turntable mandrel, turntable mandrel by bearing.
Further, described main shaft lower end is additionally provided with the deck for installing lathe tool seat, and the deck is provided with positioning Groove.
Further, through there is X-axis screw mandrel in described saddle, X-axis screw rod bushing is provided with the nut for being fixed on saddle side Seat, X-axis screw mandrel two ends are fixed on base.
Further, it is additionally provided with vertical cavity in the horizontal ends of the column.
According to above-mentioned technical proposal, there is X-axis guide rail on the utility model base, using r shapes column and cuboid ram type , can rotate at high speed with the driving of DD motors in turntable below the main spindle box of design, workbench, the workbench now rotated is i.e. Equivalent to the main shaft of vertical car, main shaft lower end is provided with the deck for being used for installing lathe tool seat, and deck is provided with locating slot, locating slot and car The positioning key carried on tool rest cooperates, and lathe tool seat is not rotated by fixation, the automatic tool changer of main shaft uses translation Formula tool change arm, it is all vertical state that cutter, which is placed,.
To sum up, the utility model has advantages below:
1. the perfect vertical machining centre function of the utility model, is compounded with numerical control vertical lathe function again;
2. installing DD motors in turntable, substitute traditional gear, worm gear structure, with simple in construction, noise it is low, can Realize rotation advantage at a high speed;
3. the brill Milling Machining of side surface of workpiece can install right-angle milling head to complete by main shaft;
4. ram type main spindle box is conducive to reducing cross-sectional area, interference can be reduced during processing endoporus as far as possible;
5. special automatic tool changer flatly moving type tool changing arm mechanism, it is all vertical state that cutter, which is placed, is conducive to machete, weight knife Automatic exchange.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described in further detail below by embodiment combination accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the deck of main shaft lower end in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a kind of lathe tool seat schematic diagram coordinated with the deck in the utility model;
Fig. 4 is the partial internal structure schematic diagram of the utility model intermediate station.
Wherein, 1, base;2nd, column;21st, horizontal ends;22nd, vertical end;23rd, cavity;3rd, X-axis guide rail;4th, main spindle box;5、 Main shaft;6th, Z axis guide rail;7th, tool magazine;8th, tool change arm;9th, saddle;10th, Y-axis guide rail;11st, turntable;111st, turntable shell;112nd, turn Platform mandrel;113rd, bearing;12nd, workbench;13rd, deck;131st, locating slot;14th, X-axis screw mandrel;15th, nut seat;16th, lathe tool seat; 161st, positioning key;17th, DD motors;171st, motor rotor;172nd, motor stator.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below by embodiment combination accompanying drawing.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines, including it is base 1 in inverted T-type structure, fixed R types column 2 and X-axis guide rail 3 on base 1, the end of horizontal ends 21 of the column 2 is equipped with the length that can slide up and down The main spindle box 4 of cube ram type, the lower end of main spindle box 4 is provided with main shaft 5, a pair of opposite flanks of the main spindle box 4 respectively Provided with two Z axis guide rails 6, it is vertical that cutter in horizontal tool magazine 7, the tool magazine 7 is provided with the vertical end 22 of the column 2 Displacement structure, is horizontally disposed with the flatly moving type tool change arm 8 having for automatic tool changer between the main shaft 5 and tool magazine 7, the X-axis is led Rail 3 is provided with the saddle 9 that can be moved along X-axis guide rail 3, and saddle 9 is provided with the Y-axis guide rail 10 vertical with X-axis guide rail 3, the Y-axis The top of guide rail 10, which is provided with turntable 11, turntable 11, is connected with DD motors 17, and turntable 11 is provided with the work that can be rotated with turntable 11 Platform 12.
As shown in figure 4, further, the DD motors 17 include motor rotor 171 and motor stator 172, motor rotor 171 to be fixedly connected with turntable mandrel 112 into a single integrated structure, and motor stator 172 is fixedly connected with turntable shell 111, and turntable shell 111 leads to Cross bearing 113 to be connected with turntable mandrel 112, the top connecting working table 12 of turntable mandrel 112.
As shown in Fig. 2 further, the described lower end of main shaft 5 is additionally provided with the deck 13 for installing lathe tool seat 16, described Deck 13 is provided with locating slot 131.
As shown in figure 1, further, through there is X-axis screw mandrel 14 in described saddle 9, X-axis screw mandrel 14, which is arranged with, to be fixed on The nut seat 15 of the side of saddle 9, the two ends of X-axis screw mandrel 14 are fixed on base 1.
As shown in figure 1, further, vertical cavity 23 is additionally provided with the horizontal ends 21 of the column 2.The cavity of setting 23 can mitigate the weight of column 2, facilitate column 2 to be fixedly mounted on base 1.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
The utility model includes base 1, r types column 2, the main spindle box 4 of cuboid ram type, main shaft 5, saddle 9, turntable 11 And workbench 12, tool change arm 8, there is X-axis guide rail 3 on base 1, column 2 is also fixedly installed on base 1, saddle 9 is located at base 1 X-axis guide rail 3 on, moved along X-axis guide rail 3, saddle 9 above have Y-axis guide rail 10, direction is vertical with X-axis guide rail 3, and turntable 11 exists In the Y-axis guide rail 10 of saddle 9, moved along Y-axis guide rail 10, workbench 12 can be rotated with turntable 11, be arranged on turntable 11 There is the Z axis guide rail 6 of one group of 4 vertical direction on main spindle box 4 in column 2, main spindle box 4 is slided up and down along Z axis guide rail 6, and its is right That answers moves up and down direction for Z axis(It is also the Z axis of vertical car simultaneously), X-axis, the definition of Y-axis equally use this mode.
Coordinate control system and drive system, lathe of the present utility model can possess following several processing modes:
1. under vertical drilling and milling machining state, workbench 12 upper two orthogonal X-axis guide rails 3 and Y in the horizontal direction Axis rail 10 is moved, and main spindle box 4 is moved up and down along Z axis guide rail 6, can be completed to the processing above workpiece;If side surface of workpiece has The content of brill Milling Machining is needed, right-angle head can be installed to carry out using the lower section of main shaft 5, then coordinate turntable 11 to drive workbench 12 Indexing, can complete the brill Milling Machining in one week each face of workpiece.
2. as shown in figure 3, when lathe enters turnery processing state, the turntable 11 of built-in DD motors 17 drives workbench 12 Run at high speed, now turntable 11 and workbench 12, which just turn into, can install lathe tool seat 16, lathe tool on the chuck of vertical lathe, main shaft 5 The locating slot 131 of the positioning key 161 and fixed deck 13 on main shaft 5 that are come with seat 16 mutually agrees with, and makes lathe tool seat 16 dresses on table 12 after be able to will not be rotated by fixation, lathe tool seat 16 can be moved up and down along Z-direction;Workbench 12 It in addition to it can be rotated with workpiece, can also be moved along X-axis, then coordinate moving up and down for above-mentioned lathe tool seat 16, you can be real Existing turnery processing;Now Y-axis is locked by braking mechanism, and latched position makes lathe tool mistake when alloing X-axis to drive workbench 12 to move The position at the center of workbench 12;
In addition, the utility model also includes another feeding combination:X-axis can be locked, Z axis is coordinated with Y-axis Turnery processing is carried out with workbench 12, like this only needs to change in design the point of a knife direction of lathe tool to coordinate Y-axis to feed.
Use above specific case is illustrated to the utility model, is only intended to help and is understood the utility model, and Not to limit the utility model.For the utility model person of ordinary skill in the field, think according to of the present utility model Think, some simple deductions, deformation can also be made or replaced.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines, it is characterised in that including the base in inverted T-type structure, be fixedly mounted on R types column and X-axis guide rail on base, the horizontal ends end of the column is equipped with the cuboid ram type master that can slide up and down Axle box, the main spindle box lower end is provided with main shaft, a pair of opposite flanks of the main spindle box and is respectively provided with two Z axis guide rails, institute State and horizontal tool magazine is installed in the vertical end of column, cutter is vertical displacement structure, the main shaft and tool magazine in the tool magazine Between be horizontally disposed with and have flatly moving type tool change arm for automatic tool changer, the X-axis guide rail is provided with the bed that can be moved along X-axis guide rail Saddle, saddle, which is provided with to be provided with turntable, turntable above the Y-axis guide rail vertical with X-axis guide rail, the Y-axis guide rail, is connected with DD horses Reach, turntable is provided with the workbench that can be rotated with turntable.
2. a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the DD motors include horse Up to rotor and motor stator, motor rotor is fixedly connected with that turntable mandrel is into a single integrated structure, and motor stator is fixedly connected with turntable shell, Turntable shell is connected by bearing with turntable mandrel, connecting working table above turntable mandrel.
3. a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that described main shaft lower end is also Provided with the deck for installing lathe tool seat, the deck is provided with locating slot.
4. a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that run through in described saddle There is X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis screw rod bushing is provided with the nut seat for being fixed on saddle side, and X-axis screw mandrel two ends are fixed on base.
5. a kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that the horizontal ends of the column On be additionally provided with vertical cavity.
CN201621446287.1U 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines Active CN206356898U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621446287.1U CN206356898U (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621446287.1U CN206356898U (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of new vertical Compositions of metal-working machines

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110842302A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-28 东莞市志远数控设备制造有限公司 C-shaped vertical machining center optical machine
CN112013213A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-12-01 北京惠风联合防务科技有限公司 Position marker device
CN112974868A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-06-18 沈阳机床股份有限公司 Machining center of vertical and horizontal double-spindle double-tool magazine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110842302A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-02-28 东莞市志远数控设备制造有限公司 C-shaped vertical machining center optical machine
CN112013213A (en) * 2020-08-06 2020-12-01 北京惠风联合防务科技有限公司 Position marker device
CN112974868A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-06-18 沈阳机床股份有限公司 Machining center of vertical and horizontal double-spindle double-tool magazine

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