CN203156371U - Movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool - Google Patents

Movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203156371U
CN203156371U CN 201320108089 CN201320108089U CN203156371U CN 203156371 U CN203156371 U CN 203156371U CN 201320108089 CN201320108089 CN 201320108089 CN 201320108089 U CN201320108089 U CN 201320108089U CN 203156371 U CN203156371 U CN 203156371U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
movable
moved
main shaft
type
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201320108089
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田少华
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GUANGDONG KEJIE MACHINERY AUTOMATION CO Ltd
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GUANGDONG KEJIE MACHINERY AUTOMATION CO Ltd
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Priority to CN 201320108089 priority Critical patent/CN203156371U/en
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Publication of CN203156371U publication Critical patent/CN203156371U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool which comprises a machine tool body, wherein a movable cross beam capable of moving forwards and backwards in the Y-axis direction is transversely arranged between the left side and the right side of the end surface of the upper part of the machine tool body; a Z-axis feed assembly capable of moving horizontally in the X-axis direction is arranged on the movable cross beam; a main shaft capable of moving vertically in the Z-axis direction is arranged on the Z-axis feed assembly; and a dividing head used for bearing a workpiece is arranged below the main shaft, and connected with a torque motor capable of driving the dividing head to rotate around the Y-axis and/or the Z-axis. According to the utility model, with the adoption of the structure that the movable cross beam drives the main shaft to move on the machine tool body, spacial position for movement of a working table does not need to be additionally reserved, and occupied area of the numerically-controlled machine tool is reduced, and meanwhile, as the torque motor is adopted to drive the dividing head to rotate instead of a turbine worm, rigidity and rotation precision of the dividing head are greatly enhanced, and processing quality of a workpiece is well guaranteed.

Description

A kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of machining equipment, particularly a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, progress of science and technology, the structure of Digit Control Machine Tool also becomes increasingly complex; Existing large-size numerical control machine generally is to adopt workbench to drive the mode that workpiece moves, because area of work is bigger, therefore, workbench drives in the process that moves back and forth about workpiece, reserving the more space position uses to movable workbench, thereby cause the Digit Control Machine Tool floor space big, and because the quality of workpiece is heavier, thereby cause workbench to drive that workpiece moves at a distance or required driving force difference more nearby the time, therefore Digit Control Machine Tool can not be stablized output drive strength, cause workbench fast, can not accurately locate in the process that frequently moves back and forth, influenced the machining accuracy of Digit Control Machine Tool to workpiece, existing Digit Control Machine Tool generally is the twin shaft dividing head that adopts turbine and worm to drive in addition, no matter is that rigidity or rotation precision all can not well be guaranteed.
The utility model content
In order to address the above problem, it is a kind of simple in structure that the purpose of this utility model is to provide, and floor space is little, can improve the Digit Control Machine Tool of its machining accuracy again.
The utility model for the technical scheme that solves its technical problem and adopt is:
A kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe, comprise lathe bed, horizontal cross is provided with the moved cross beam that can move forward and backward along Y direction between the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed, described moved cross beam is provided with can be along the Z axle feeding assembly of X-direction move left and right, described Z axle feeding assembly is provided with the main shaft that can move up and down along Z-direction, the below of described main shaft is provided with the dividing head for the carrying workpiece, and described dividing head is connected with and can drives it around the torque motor of Y-axis and/or the rotation of Z axle.
In order to make moved cross beam the movable energy imbalance in two ends in moving process, can not occur, simultaneously can increase Digit Control Machine Tool to the cutting force of workpiece, the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed is respectively arranged with for driving the drive unit that moved cross beam moves forward and backward along Y direction.
For the level and smooth movement, the minimizing driving error that reach moved cross beam, realization high speed, height are located several times, and described drive unit is linear electric motors.
In order to make the structure of Digit Control Machine Tool more succinct, the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed is vertically arranged with the Y-axis guide rail respectively, described moved cross beam is movably arranged on two Y-axis guide rails, horizontal cross is provided with the X-axis guide rail on the described moved cross beam, described Z axle feeding assembly is movably arranged on the X-axis guide rail, vertically be provided with the Z axis rail on the described Z axle feeding assembly, be movably installed with the main shaft base on the described Z axis rail, described main shaft is installed on the main shaft base, described moved cross beam is provided with for driving the X-axis linear electric motors that Z axle feeding assembly moves along the X-axis guide rail, is equipped with on the described Z axle feeding assembly for drive shaft at the mobile servomotor of Z-direction.
Digit Control Machine Tool tool changing for convenience improves processing efficient, and the front portion of described lathe bed is provided with the step position, and described step position is provided with tool magazine, and described tool magazine is positioned at a side of main shaft.
In order to save social resources, to recycle lubricating oil, be provided with under the described torque motor for the connected tank that reclaims lubricating oil.
For the ease of separating lubricating oil and processing chip removal thing, the upper surface of described connected tank is provided with for the filter screen that filters the chip removal thing.
For accurate location Z axle feeding assembly, described moved cross beam is provided with for the grating chi of measuring the displacement that Z axle feeding assembly moves along X-direction.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: because the utility model adopts moved cross beam to drive main shaft in the mobile structure of lathe bed, do not need to reserve in addition the locus of movable workbench, help to dwindle the floor space of Digit Control Machine Tool, the utility model adopts torque motor to replace turbine and worm to drive the dividing head rotation simultaneously, strengthen rigidity and the rotation precision of dividing head widely, guaranteed the crudy of workpiece well; Two structures that drive are adopted at the two ends of moved cross beam of the present utility model in addition, overcome Digit Control Machine Tool and fast, frequently moved back and forth unbalanced problem in the process owing to assembly precision or the frictional force of the guide rail moved cross beam two ends that cause inequality own, the location of Digit Control Machine Tool and the precision of resetting have been improved, thereby guarantee the crudy of Digit Control Machine Tool better, moved cross beam adopts two structures that drive simultaneously, can be so that main shaft obtains bigger cutting power.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the utility model is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe, comprise lathe bed 1, horizontal cross is provided with the moved cross beam 2 that can move forward and backward along Y direction between the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed 1, being described moved cross beam 2 is horizontally set between the lathe bed 1 upper end left and right sides along the direction of X-axis, here, described lathe bed 1 and the moved cross beam 2 preferential granite that adopt are made, make Digit Control Machine Tool littler with the deformation of expanding with heat and contract with cold that variation of temperature takes place, further improve machining accuracy of NC machine tool; The upper end left and right sides of above-mentioned lathe bed 1 is vertically arranged with Y-axis guide rail 10 respectively, described moved cross beam 2 is movably arranged on two Y-axis guide rails 10, here, above-mentioned moved cross beam 2 is not influencing under the situation of self rigidity, by the material of borehole removal thereon, thereby alleviate the own wt of moved cross beam 2, both reduced the gross weight of Digit Control Machine Tool, can adopt littler drive force moved cross beam 2 to move again; Described moved cross beam 2 is provided with can be along the Z axle feeding assembly 3 of X-direction move left and right, here, horizontal cross is provided with X-axis guide rail 21 on the described moved cross beam 2, described Z axle feeding assembly 3 is movably arranged on the X-axis guide rail 21, described Z axle feeding assembly 3 is provided with the main shaft 30 that can move up and down along Z-direction, here, vertically be provided with Z axis rail 31 on the described Z axle feeding assembly 3, be movably installed with main shaft base 32 on the described Z axis rail 31, described main shaft 30 is installed on the main shaft base 32, the below of described main shaft 30 is provided with the dividing head 4 for the carrying workpiece, described dividing head 4 is connected with and can drives it around the torque motor 40 of Y-axis and/or the rotation of Z axle, here, described torque motor 40 preferentially is chosen as the DDR torque motor; Above-mentioned moved cross beam 2 is provided with for driving the X-axis linear electric motors 22 that Z axle feeding assembly 3 moves along X-axis guide rail 21, be equipped with on the described Z axle feeding assembly 3 for drive shaft 30 at the mobile servomotor 32 of Z-direction, described servomotor 32 moves up and down along the Z axle by screw mandrel drive shaft base 32, thereby driving main shaft 30 moves up and down along the Z axle, also be provided with on the upper surface of above-mentioned moved cross beam 2 for the grating chi 13 of measuring the displacement that Z axle feeding assembly 3 moves along X-direction, can accurately locate Z axle feeding assembly 3 along position that X-axis guide rail 21 moves by grating chi 13.
Further, the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed 1 is respectively arranged with for driving the drive unit 20 that moved cross beam 2 moves forward and backward along Y direction, here, above-mentioned drive unit 20 preferentially is chosen as linear electric motors, because linear electric motors are contactless direct driving, the connection that the centre has not had motor, shaft coupling, screw mandrel, feed screw nut can effectively reduce driving error, can realize that moved cross beam 2 is smoothly mobile, realize high speed, hi-Fix.
Further again, the front portion of described lathe bed 1 is provided with step position 11, and described step position 11 is provided with tool magazine 12, and described tool magazine 12 is positioned at a side of main shaft 30, and above-mentioned tool magazine 12 preferentially is chosen as the umbrella shape tool magazine.
Further, be provided with under the described torque motor 4 for the connected tank 5 that reclaims lubricating oil, advance together, the upper surface of described connected tank 5 is provided with for the filter screen 50 that filters the chip removal thing, the chip removal thing that above-mentioned filter screen 50 produces in the time of can accepting the Digit Control Machine Tool processing work.
The above only is preferential embodiment of the present utility model, as long as realize that with basic identical means the technical scheme of the utility model purpose all belongs within the protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe, it is characterized in that: comprise lathe bed (1), horizontal cross is provided with the moved cross beam (2) that can move forward and backward along Y direction between the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed (1), described moved cross beam (2) is provided with can be along the Z axle feeding assembly (3) of X-direction move left and right, described Z axle feeding assembly (3) is provided with the main shaft (30) that can move up and down along Z-direction, the below of described main shaft (30) is provided with the dividing head (4) for the carrying workpiece, and described dividing head (4) is connected with and can drives it around the torque motor (40) of Y-axis and/or the rotation of Z axle.
2. a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed (1) is respectively arranged with for driving the drive unit (20) that moved cross beam (2) moves forward and backward along Y direction.
3. a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described drive unit (20) is linear electric motors.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathes, it is characterized in that: the upper end left and right sides of described lathe bed (1) is vertically arranged with Y-axis guide rail (10) respectively, described moved cross beam (2) is movably arranged on two Y-axis guide rails (10), described moved cross beam (2) is gone up horizontal cross and is provided with X-axis guide rail (21), described Z axle feeding assembly (3) is movably arranged on the X-axis guide rail (21), vertically be provided with Z axis rail (31) on the described Z axle feeding assembly (3), be movably installed with main shaft base (32) on the described Z axis rail (31), described main shaft (30) is installed on the main shaft base (32), described moved cross beam (2) is provided with for driving Z axle feeding assembly (3) along the mobile X-axis linear electric motors (22) of X-axis guide rail (21), is equipped with on the described Z axle feeding assembly (3) for drive shaft (30) at the mobile servomotor (32) of Z-direction.
5. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathes, it is characterized in that: the front portion of described lathe bed (1) is provided with step position (11), described step position (11) is provided with tool magazine (12), and described tool magazine (12) is positioned at a side of main shaft (30).
6. a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe according to claim 5 is characterized in that: be provided with under the described torque motor (4) for the connected tank (5) that reclaims lubricating oil.
7. a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathe according to claim 6 is characterized in that: the upper surface of described connected tank (5) is provided with for the filter screen (50) that filters the chip removal thing.
8. according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 described a kind of movable beam type multi-axis numerical control lathes, it is characterized in that: described moved cross beam (2) is provided with for the grating chi (13) of measuring the displacement that Z axle feeding assembly (3) moves along X-direction.
CN 201320108089 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool Expired - Fee Related CN203156371U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320108089 CN203156371U (en) 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320108089 CN203156371U (en) 2013-03-08 2013-03-08 Movable beam-type multi-axis numerically-controlled machine tool

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203156371U true CN203156371U (en) 2013-08-28

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104128804A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 合肥探奥自动化有限公司 Special machining machine tool for net rack bolt balls
CN104148713A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-19 长乐万达纺织机械有限公司 Double-milling head machining device
CN104440133A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-03-25 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Lathe bed structure with chip remover insertion function
CN106112788A (en) * 2015-05-06 2016-11-16 格林技术有限公司 The honing machine of at least two unit that there is frame and be arranged on frame both sides

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104128804A (en) * 2014-07-29 2014-11-05 合肥探奥自动化有限公司 Special machining machine tool for net rack bolt balls
CN104148713A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-19 长乐万达纺织机械有限公司 Double-milling head machining device
CN104440133A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-03-25 佛山市普拉迪数控科技有限公司 Lathe bed structure with chip remover insertion function
CN106112788A (en) * 2015-05-06 2016-11-16 格林技术有限公司 The honing machine of at least two unit that there is frame and be arranged on frame both sides
US10926373B2 (en) 2015-05-06 2021-02-23 Gehring Technologies Gmbh Honing machine with a machine frame and at least two units arranged on both sides of the machine frame

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130828

Termination date: 20200308

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee