CN206356132U - A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device - Google Patents

A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206356132U
CN206356132U CN201621441025.6U CN201621441025U CN206356132U CN 206356132 U CN206356132 U CN 206356132U CN 201621441025 U CN201621441025 U CN 201621441025U CN 206356132 U CN206356132 U CN 206356132U
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China
Prior art keywords
screen pack
magnetic separation
rubbish
motor
crush box
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Active
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CN201621441025.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李玉昆
李原野
李星海
王瑞兴
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Tianjin Hengrun Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Tianjin Hengrun Environmental Engineering Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621441025.6U priority Critical patent/CN206356132U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device, including base, fixed mount, crush box, magnetic separation case, separatory vessel, dustbin and lightweight thing separator box, the top of crush box is provided with charging aperture, motor and air blower, hollow agitator is provided with crush box, hollow agitator is provided with crushing knife and through hole, through hole is connected by the first conduit with air blower, crush box is connected by the second conduit with lightweight thing separator box, the first screen pack is provided with lightweight thing separator box, lightweight thing separator box is connected with vavuum pump, magnetic separation case is trapezoidal in chamfer, the inclined-plane of magnetic separation case is Electromagnetic Control plate, the second screen pack and the 3rd screen pack are provided with separatory vessel, separatory vessel side wall is provided with the first motor, rubbish is pushed into dustbin by the first motor control push pedal, vibrating motor is provided with separatory vessel, the output end of vibrating motor is connected with beating bar, the utility model, which has, to be crushed simultaneously and separation operation, operating efficiency is high, using it is flexible the advantages of.

Description

A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to field of refuse classification, more particularly, to a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device.
Background technology
With the improvement of living standards, the quickening of rhythm, house refuse is also increasing, at present, house refuse it is general Processing method has landfill, compost and burning, however, landfill consumes apprentice's resource greatly, to soil, severe water pollution;Compost pair The poor selectivity of rubbish, compost fertilizer efficiency is low;Burning can then produce pernicious gas, pollute air, therefore, how to carry out rubbish appropriate Reason is conducted oneself well, has been the problem of people are in the urgent need to address, is effective processing life however, being sorted for house refuse The premise of rubbish, in the prior art, refuse disposal installation very flexible are not easily shifted, it is impossible to while carrying out rubbish crushing and dividing Industry is elected to be, garbage treatment efficiency is low, effect is poor, is recycled to garbage reclamation and bring bigger difficulty.
The content of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide one kind can be while crush and separation operation, operating efficiency It is high, use flexible multi-function domestic garbage sorting device.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:A kind of multi-function domestic refuse classification Device, including base, fixed mount, crush box, magnetic separation case, separatory vessel, dustbin and lightweight thing separator box, the base lower end is set Universal wheel is equipped with, the fixed mount is fixed on the base, and the separatory vessel is fixedly installed on the base, the rubbish Case is located at the top of the side of the separatory vessel, the separatory vessel is connected with magnetic separation case and crush box, the magnetic in turn from the bottom to top Case and crush box is selected to be fixed on the fixed mount, the bottom of the crush box is provided with the first rubbish pod apertures, described first Rubbish pod apertures are connected with the crush box, and the top of the crush box is provided with charging aperture, motor and air blower, described Hollow agitator is provided with crush box, the output shaft of the motor is connected with the rotating shaft of the hollow agitator, described It is provided with the outer wall of hollow agitator on several crushing knifes, the hollow agitator and is provided with several through holes, it is described logical Hole is connected by the first conduit with the air blower, and the side wall upper part of the crush box is provided with the second rubbish pod apertures, described Second rubbish pod apertures are connected by the second conduit with the lightweight thing separator box, and being provided with valve on second conduit opens Close, the lightweight thing separator box is fixed in the side of the crush box, the lightweight thing separator box by the fixed mount and set The first screen pack is equipped with, the side of the lightweight thing separator box is provided with vavuum pump, and the vavuum pump is located at the described first filtering The lower end of net, the magnetic separation case is trapezoidal in chamfer, and the inclined-plane of the magnetic separation case is by upper in Electromagnetic Control plate, the separatory vessel Be disposed with the second screen pack and the 3rd screen pack under, first screen pack and the second screen pack by the separatory vessel by Up to it is divided into down on raw material cavity, first separation chamber and secondary separation chamber, raw material cavity side wall and is provided with the first motor, described The first expansion link is connected with one motor, first expansion link is located in the raw material cavity, the freedom of first expansion link End, which is provided with push pedal, the raw material cavity side wall relative with the push pedal, is provided with discharging opening, the discharging opening and the rubbish Rubbish case is connected, and is provided with vibrating motor on the side wall of the first separation chamber, the output end of the vibrating motor is connected with beating Bar, the beating bar is parallel with second screen pack, and the beating bar is moved up and down by the vibrating motor, described light The bottom of matter thing separator box is connected by the 3rd conduit with the secondary separation chamber.
Further, the second motor, second motor are provided with the side of the vertical separatory vessel of the magnetic separation case On be provided with the second expansion link, second expansion link is located inside the magnetic separation case, and the magnetic separation case inner tip is rotated and set Baffle plate is equipped with, the baffle plate promotes the flapper perpendicular to the top of the magnetic separation case, second expansion link.
Further, the surface bottom of the magnetic separation case is provided with fixed block, the fixed block and is provided with proximity switch, The proximity switch is electrically connected with second motor.
Further, the magnetic separation case front is provided with magnetic substance thing discharging opening.
Further, the separatory vessel front correspondence first separation chamber and secondary separation chamber are respectively arranged with and once divided From discharge of materials mouthful and secondary separation thing floss hole.
Further, the lightweight thing separator box front upper portion is provided with lightweight thing discharging opening.
Further, the mesh mesh number of the 3rd screen pack is more than the mesh mesh number of the second screen pack.
Further, it is provided with service brake on the universal wheel.
Compared with prior art, the utility model, which is had the advantage that with beneficial effect, is:
1st, the utility model by the way that rubbish is crushed, magnetic separation, the link such as separating for several times, effectively rubbish is divided Class, the reprocessing for follow-up rubbish provides favourable conditions;
2nd, in crush box, crushing knife is set on hollow agitator, make in hollow agitator rotation process crushing knife with Rubbish is fully contacted, and crush efficiency is high, and sets on hollow agitator through hole, and through hole is connected with air blower, and wind passes through Through hole is blown in crush box, and the light refuse in crush box is blown afloat, while being made in light weight thing separator box using vavuum pump in it Portion forms negative pressure, causes light refuse to be entered by the second conduit in lightweight thing separator box, effectively lightweight thing is separated;
3rd, crush the rubbish completed to enter in magnetic separation case by rubbish pod apertures, magnetic separation case is set to right-angled trapezium, Can make rubbish fully with magnetic separation case contact of incline plane because inclined-plane be Electromagnetic Control plate, can effectively to magnetisable material progress Separation;
4th, the rubbish after magnetic separation is entered in separatory vessel, and rubbish is classified by the second screen pack and the 3rd screen pack Filtering, and moved up and down by patting bar and improve the filter effect of the second screen pack and the 3rd screen pack, and entered and once divide The rubbish of raw material cavity is retained in from after to be pushed into rubbish in dustbin by the first motor control push pedal, can be further Again to its pulverization process, flexible, conveniently, good separating effect is used.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of cross section structure schematic diagram of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is a kind of overall structure diagram of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device of the utility model.
In figure:1- bases;2- fixed mounts;3- crush boxes;4- magnetic separation casees;5- separatory vessels;6- dustbins;7- lightweights thing is separated Case;8- universal wheels;9- charging apertures;10- motors;11- air blowers;12- hollow agitators;13- crushing knifes;14- through holes; The conduits of 15- first;16- the second rubbish pod apertures;The conduits of 17- second;18- valve switch;The screen packs of 19- first;20- vacuum Pump;The screen packs of 21- second;The screen packs of 22- the 3rd;23- raw material cavities;24- first separation chambers;25- secondary separation chambers;26- first Motor;The expansion links of 27- first;28- push pedals;29- discharging openings;30- vibrating motors;31- pats bar;The conduits of 32- the 3rd;33- Two motors;The expansion links of 34- second;35- baffle plates;36- fixed blocks;37- magnetic material discharging openings;38- first separations discharge of materials mouthful; 39- secondary separations discharge of materials mouthful;40- lightweight thing discharging openings.
Embodiment
Embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device, including base 1, fixed mount 2, crush box 3, magnetic Case 4, separatory vessel 5, dustbin 6 and lightweight thing separator box 7 are selected, the lower end of base 1 is provided with universal wheel 8, and fixed mount 2 is fixed on base On 1, separatory vessel 5 is fixedly installed on base 1, and dustbin 6 is located at the top of the side of separatory vessel 5, separatory vessel 5 from the bottom to top successively Magnetic separation case 4 and crush box 3 are connected with, magnetic separation case 4 and crush box 3 are fixed on the fixed mount 2, the bottom of crush box 3 is set There are the first rubbish pod apertures (not shown), the first rubbish pod apertures are connected with crush box 3, and the top of crush box 3 is provided with charging Mouthfuls 9, be provided with hollow agitator 12 in motor 10 and air blower 11, crush box 3, the output shaft of motor 10 with it is hollow Several crushing knifes 13 are provided with the rotating shaft connection of agitator 12, the outer wall of the hollow agitator 12, crushing knife 13 is to rubbish Rubbish is fully crushed, and several through holes 14 are provided with hollow agitator 12, and through hole 14 passes through the first conduit 15 and air blower 11 connections, the side wall upper part of crush box 3 is provided with the second rubbish pod apertures 16, and the second rubbish pod apertures 16 pass through the second conduit 17 It is connected with lightweight thing separator box 7, valve switch 18 is provided with the second conduit 17, lightweight thing separator box 7 is fixed by fixed mount 2 The first screen pack 19 is provided with the side of crush box 3, lightweight thing separator box 7, the side of lightweight thing separator box 7 is provided with very Empty pump 20, vavuum pump 20 is located at the lower end of the first screen pack 19, and lightweight thing separator box 7 is formed negative pressure, air blower by vavuum pump 20 11 wind produced are dispelled in crush box 3 by through hole 14, and lightweight thing in crush box 3 is blown afloat, and the lightweight thing blown afloat passes through the Two conduits 17 are entered in lightweight thing separator box 7, and many dusts are might have into lightweight thing separator box 7 along with lightweight thing In, therefore it is filtered by the first screen pack 19, magnetic separation case 4 is trapezoidal in chamfer, and the inclined-plane of magnetic separation case 4 is electromagnetism control Making sheet, Electromagnetic Control plate is separated the magnetisable material in the rubbish after crushing, simple in construction, easy to operate, in separatory vessel 5 The second screen pack 21 and the 3rd screen pack 22 are from top to bottom disposed with, the first screen pack 21 and the second screen pack 22 will sortings Case 5, which is from top to bottom divided on raw material cavity 23, first separation chamber 24 and secondary separation chamber 25, the side wall of raw material cavity 23, is provided with the first electricity The first expansion link 27 is connected with machine 26, the first motor 26, the first expansion link 27 is located in raw material cavity 23, the first expansion link 27 Free end is provided with push pedal 28, the side wall relative with push pedal 28 of raw material cavity 23 and is provided with discharging opening 29, discharging opening 29 and rubbish Case 6 is connected, and the first motor 26 controls the first expansion link 27 to promote push pedal 28 to move, and the rubbish in raw material cavity 23 is passed through into discharging opening 29 are pushed into dustbin 6, and vibrating motor 30 is provided with the side wall of first separation chamber 24, and the output end of vibrating motor 30 is connected with Bar 31 is patted, beating bar 31 is parallel with the second screen pack 21, pat bar 31 and moved up and down by the vibrating motor 30, patted Bar 31, which moves up and down, pats the second screen pack 21 and the 3rd screen pack 22, improves filter efficiency, and the bottom of lightweight thing separator box 7 leads to The 3rd conduit 32 is crossed to connect with secondary separation chamber 25.
Further, magnetic separation case 4 is provided with the second motor 33, the second motor 33 on the side of vertical separatory vessel 5 and set The second expansion link 34 is equipped with, the second expansion link 34 is located inside magnetic separation case 4, and the inner tip of magnetic separation case 4 rotates and is provided with baffle plate 35, Baffle plate 35 promotes baffle plate 35 to rotate perpendicular to the top of magnetic separation case 4, the second expansion link 34, and the surface bottom of magnetic separation case 4 is provided with Proximity switch (not shown) is provided with fixed block 36, fixed block 36, proximity switch is electrically connected with the second motor 33, magnetic separation case 4 Front is provided with magnetic substance thing discharging opening 37, and after the completion of magnetic separation is carried out to rubbish, the second motor 33 of control utilizes the second expansion link 32 turn to baffle plate 35 bottom on inclined-plane, when baffle plate 35 is close to fixed block 36, and proximity switch controls the second motor 33 to stop, Control Electromagnetic Control plate is lost magnetism, and magnetisable material is collected into surface bottom, is easy to magnetisable material in magnetic substance thing discharging opening 37 take out.
Further, the front of separatory vessel 5 correspondence first separation chamber 24 and secondary separation chamber 25 are respectively arranged with First separation discharge of materials mouthful 38 and secondary separation thing floss hole 39.
Further, the front upper portion of lightweight thing separator box 7 is provided with lightweight thing discharging opening 40.
Further, the mesh mesh number of the 3rd screen pack 22 is more than the mesh mesh number of the second screen pack 21, Neng Goufen Separate out the refuse powder of variable grain size.
Further, service brake is provided with the universal wheel 8, convenience controls the motion of domestic waste sorting device and consolidated It is fixed.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:House refuse is added in crush box 3 by charging aperture 9, control driving Motor 10, drives hollow agitator 12 and crushing knife 13 to carry out rubbish crushing, while opening air blower 11, valve switch 18 and true Empty pump 20, makes lightweight thing be entered by the second conduit 17 in lightweight thing separator box 7, and the rubbish of heavier mass passes through the first rubbish Rubbish pod apertures are dropped into magnetic separation case 4, and house refuse is separated magnetic substance thing by the Electromagnetic Control plate on magnetic separation case 4, magnetic Rubbish after matter separation is entered in separatory vessel 5, and separatory vessel 5 presses granular size by the second screen pack 21 and the 3rd screen pack 22 It is separated step by step, and the second screen pack 21 and the 3rd screen pack 22 are patted by the up and down motion for patting bar 31, is promoted The progress of filtering, the rubbish after filtering is arranged material by first separation discharge of materials mouthful 38 and secondary separation thing floss hole 39 Go out.
One embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail above, but the content is only of the present utility model Preferred embodiment, it is impossible to be considered as being used to limit practical range of the present utility model.It is all to be made according to present utility model application scope Equivalent change with improve etc., all should still belong within patent covering scope of the present utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device, including base (1), fixed mount (2), crush box (3), magnetic separation case (4), point Case (5), dustbin (6) and lightweight thing separator box (7) are selected, base (1) lower end is provided with universal wheel (8), the fixed mount (2) it is fixed on the base (1), it is characterised in that:The separatory vessel (5) is fixedly installed on the base (1), the rubbish Rubbish case (6) be located at the top of the side of the separatory vessel (5), the separatory vessel (5) be connected with turn from the bottom to top magnetic separation case (4) and Crush box (3), the magnetic separation case (4) and crush box (3) are fixed on the fixed mount (2), and the bottom of the crush box (3) is set The first rubbish pod apertures are equipped with, the first rubbish pod apertures are connected with the crush box (3), the top of the crush box (3) It is provided with charging aperture (9), motor (10) and air blower (11), the crush box (3) and is provided with hollow agitator (12), The output shaft of the motor (10) is connected with the rotating shaft of the hollow agitator (12), outside the hollow agitator (12) It is provided with wall on several crushing knifes (13), the hollow agitator (12) and is provided with several through holes (14), the through hole (14) it is connected by the first conduit (15) with the air blower (11), the side wall upper part of the crush box (3) is provided with the second rubbish Rubbish pod apertures (16), the second rubbish pod apertures (16) are connected by the second conduit (17) with the lightweight thing separator box (7), Valve switch (18) is provided with second conduit (17), the lightweight thing separator box (7) is fixed by the fixed mount (2) The first screen pack (19), the lightweight thing point are provided with side in the crush box (3), the lightweight thing separator box (7) Side from case (7) is provided with vavuum pump (20), and the vavuum pump (20) is located at the lower end of first screen pack (19), described Magnetic separation case (4) is trapezoidal in chamfer, and the inclined-plane of the magnetic separation case (4) is Electromagnetic Control plate, and the separatory vessel (5) is interior from top to bottom The second screen pack (21) and the 3rd screen pack (22) are disposed with, second screen pack (21) and the 3rd screen pack (22) will The separatory vessel (5) is from top to bottom divided into raw material cavity (23), first separation chamber (24) and secondary separation chamber (25), the raw material cavity (23) it is provided with the wall of side on the first motor (26), first motor (26) and is connected with the first expansion link (27), described first Expansion link (27) is located in the raw material cavity (23), and the free end of first expansion link (27) is provided with push pedal (28), described Discharging opening (29), the discharging opening (29) and the rubbish are provided with raw material cavity (23) the side wall relative with the push pedal (28) Case (6) is connected, and vibrating motor (30), the output of the vibrating motor (30) are provided with the side wall of the first separation chamber (24) End is connected with beating bar (31), and the beating bar (31) is parallel with second screen pack (21), and the beating bar (31) passes through The vibrating motor (30) moves up and down, and the bottom of the lightweight thing separator box (7) passes through the 3rd conduit (32) and described two Secondary disengagement chamber (25) connection.
2. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The magnetic separation case (4) It is provided with the side of the vertical separatory vessel (5) and is provided with second on the second motor (33), second motor (33) and stretches Contracting bar (34), second expansion link (34) is located at the magnetic separation case (4) inside, and magnetic separation case (4) inner tip is rotated and set Baffle plate (35) is equipped with, the baffle plate (35) promotes described perpendicular to the top of the magnetic separation case (4), second expansion link (34) Baffle plate (35) is rotated.
3. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The magnetic separation case (4) Surface bottom be provided with fixed block (36), the fixed block (36) and be provided with proximity switch, the proximity switch with it is described Second motor (33) is electrically connected.
4. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The magnetic separation case (4) Front is provided with magnetic substance thing discharging opening (37).
5. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The separatory vessel (5) The front correspondence first separation chamber (24) and secondary separation chamber (25) be respectively arranged with first separation discharge of materials mouth (38) and Secondary separation thing floss hole (39).
6. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lightweight thing separation Case (7) front upper portion is provided with lightweight thing discharging opening (40).
7. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:3rd screen pack (22) mesh mesh number is more than the mesh mesh number of the second screen pack (21).
8. a kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The universal wheel (8) On be provided with service brake.
CN201621441025.6U 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device Active CN206356132U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621441025.6U CN206356132U (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621441025.6U CN206356132U (en) 2016-12-27 2016-12-27 A kind of multi-function domestic garbage sorting device

Publications (1)

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CN206356132U true CN206356132U (en) 2017-07-28

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CN (1) CN206356132U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110238166A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-17 陕西理工大学 A kind of environmental protection garbage sorting device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110238166A (en) * 2019-06-27 2019-09-17 陕西理工大学 A kind of environmental protection garbage sorting device

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