A kind of solar tracking system
The utility model is related to a kind of tracker, and in particular to a kind of solar tracking system.
Solar cell, with the ability for converting sunlight directly into electric power, in order to the maximum amount of too in acquisition on daytime
, generally be placed on moving structure for solar cell photofixation at present by sunlight, and the moving structure can be according to sunray
Power is constantly by solar panel perpendicular to sun position.
Existing solar tracking system uses two sets of completely self-contained control systems and structure control solar cell
The elevation angle change of plate and movement from east to west, thus cause each solar panel and are required for two sets of control systems complete
Into solar panel perpendicular to the sun light, the control system for being so accomplished by thousands of sets in solar power plant goes
The tracking that solar panel realizes solar energy is completed, substantial amounts of space had both been occupied, it is most important that solar energy hair is increased
The cost of electricity.
So, a kind of solar tracking system is developed, tens of hundreds of solar-electricities are completed by a set of control system
From motion tracking sunray, it is very necessary to reduce manufacturing cost, improve solar energy generating efficiency to pond plate.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of solar tracking system, can complete tens of by a set of control system
Hundreds of automatically tracing sun by solar cell panel light, considerably reduces the cost of electricity-generating of solar power generation industry, big
The generating efficiency that improve solar energy of amplitude.
A kind of solar tracking system that the utility model is provided, including at least one set of solar cell module, it is described too
Positive energy battery component includes solar panel, cell panel elevation angle control assembly, cell panel Level tune assembly；
Also include photoreceptor assembly and control system；
The cell panel elevation angle control assembly includes adjusting rod, the first active connection and the second active connection；
The cell panel Level tune assembly includes turnbarrel and fixing axle；
The photoreceptor assembly includes the first photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor；
The control system includes tracking control unit, motor and speed reducer；
The solar panel is fixed on above battery supporting plate, and battery supporting plate back side one end is fixedly installed first axle
Hold, the battery supporting plate back side other end sets the first U-shaped link, and it is U-shaped that the clutch shaft bearing connects second by elevation axis
The second U-shaped support is fixed on the top of turnbarrel, and the turnbarrel is arranged on fixing axle by bearing
Outside, the turnbarrel bottom sets steel wire rope fixed plate；
The first U-shaped link connects adjusting rod by the first active connection, and the adjusting rod is by the second activity
Connector Connection Bracket；
The fixed mount and fixing axle are each attached on base；
First photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor are arranged on base plate, in the middle of first photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor
Light barrier plate is set, and the base plate is fixed on the top of tracking synchronizing shaft；
The motor connection reductor, the speed reducer output shaft sets left regulation wheel, and the steel wire rope fixed plate passes through steel
Cord connects left regulation wheel；
The tracking synchronizing shaft is fixed on the center of left regulation wheel；
First photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor are electrically connected with tracking control unit, and the tracking control unit connects motor.
Further, first active connection is any one of universal joint or bulb spherical plain bearing rod end, described
Second active connection is any one of universal joint or bulb spherical plain bearing rod end.
Further, first active connection and the second active connection are bulb spherical plain bearing rod end, described
The rod end of bulb spherical plain bearing rod end is screw mandrel, and the adjusting rod two ends are respectively provided with screwed hole.
Further, the described first U-shaped link connects the first active connection by bearing pin, and described second is flexibly connected
Part passes through bearing pin Connection Bracket.
Further, the described first U-shaped link and the second U-shaped support are arranged on the center line of battery supporting plate.
Further, first photoreceptor is light-sensitive element R1, and the second photoreceptor is light-sensitive element R2, the light screen
Shield plate is any one of black plastic plate or metallic plate.
Further, the tracking control unit compares control circuit module, RS latch modules and electricity including Signal Regulation
Machine control output circuit module.
Further, the steel wire rope fixed plate is two pieces, is distributed in the both sides of turnbarrel, and in same horizontal line
On, the steel wire rope is fixed in steel wire rope fixed plate by steel wire rope clip.
Further, the reductor is worm decelerating machine.
Further, the solar cell module is at least two groups.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are：
（1）The solar tracking system that the utility model is provided, tens of groups of even numbers can be realized by a set of control system
Hundred groups of rotations from east to west of solar panel（Morning solar panel faces east, as the sun is driven westwards
It is mobile, the rotation that solar panel also can carry out from east to west with the movement of the sun）, so as to ensure that solar panel begins
Eventually towards sunlight direction；During the rotation from east to west of solar panel, solar panel then further leads to
Clutch shaft bearing is crossed to be rotated so as to realize solar panel and the rectangular state of sunray, so as to ensure around elevation axis
Solar panel farthest absorbs sunshine.
（2）The solar tracking system that the utility model is provided, wherein the cell panel elevation angle control assembly can be by bulbs
Adjusted when the length of the random regulating cell plate elevation angle control assembly of the screw mandrel of spherical plain bearing rod end first half is in order to install
Just to sunshine（For example when causing to install, solar panel is just to east）, while can be adjusted with the change in season again
The length of cell panel elevation angle control assembly is so as to adjust the elevation angle of cell panel so that cell panel is just to solar irradiation.
The solar tracking system that the utility model is provided, it is simple structure, easy to use, by the control of a set of control system too
The rotation from east to west of positive energy cell panel, the further change for realizing the cell panel elevation angle of rotation of cell panel, it is ensured that the sun
Energy cell panel absorbs sunshine to greatest extent, improves the generating efficiency of cell panel；A set of control system passes through steel wire rope simultaneously
Control to be moved while multigroup cell panel, significantly reduce the manufacturing cost of equipment, extremely have to solar power generation industry
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of solar tracking system main structure diagram of the utility model；
Fig. 2 is a kind of solar tracking system right side structural representation of the utility model；
Fig. 3 is a kind of solar tracking system dimensional structure diagram of the utility model；
Fig. 4 is a kind of solar tracking system cell panel Level tune assembly dimensional structure diagram of the utility model；
Fig. 5 is a kind of solar tracking system cell panel elevation angle control assembly dimensional structure diagram of the utility model；
Fig. 6 is a kind of solar tracking system photoreceptor assembly interest structure schematic diagram of the utility model；
Fig. 7 is a kind of solar tracking system control system circuit principle schematic of the utility model；
Fig. 8 is a kind of solar tracking system morning view of the utility model；
Fig. 9 is a kind of solar tracking system noon view of the utility model；
Figure 10 is a kind of view in solar tracking system afternoon of the utility model；
Accompanying drawing sign 1, solar panel；2nd, cell panel elevation angle control assembly；3rd, cell panel Level tune assembly；4th, feel
Light device assembly；5th, control system；11st, battery supporting plate；12nd, clutch shaft bearing；13rd, the first U-shaped link；14th, elevation axis；15th,
Two U-shaped supports；16th, bearing pin；21st, adjusting rod；22nd, the first active connection；23rd, the second active connection；25th, fixed mount；26、
Screwed hole；31st, turnbarrel；32nd, fixing axle；33rd, bearing；34th, steel wire rope fixed plate；35th, steel wire rope；36th, steel wire rope clip；
41st, the first photoreceptor；42nd, the second photoreceptor；43rd, base plate；44th, light barrier plate；45th, synchronizing shaft is tracked；51st, tracing control
Device；52nd, motor；53rd, reductor；54th, left regulation wheel；511st, Signal Regulation compares control circuit module；512nd, RS latch modules；
513rd, motor control output circuit module；6th, base.
Principle of the present utility model and feature are described below in conjunction with example, example is served only for explaining this practicality
It is new, it is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in figs. 1-7, a kind of solar tracking system, including at least one set of solar cell module, the solar energy
Battery component includes solar panel（1）, the cell panel elevation angle control assembly（2）, cell panel Level tune assembly（3）；
Also include photoreceptor assembly（4）And control system（5）；
The cell panel elevation angle controls assembly（2）Including adjusting rod（21）, the first active connection（22）With the second activity
The cell panel Level tune assembly（3）Including turnbarrel（31）And fixing axle（32）；
The photoreceptor assembly（4）Including the first photoreceptor（41）With the second photoreceptor（42）；
The control system（5）Including tracking control unit（51）, motor（52）And reductor（53）；
The solar panel（1）It is fixed on battery supporting plate（11）Above, the battery supporting plate（11）Back side one end is consolidated
Clutch shaft bearing is set surely（12）, the battery supporting plate（11）The back side other end sets the first U-shaped link（13）, the first axle
Hold（12）By elevation axis（14）Connect the second U-shaped support（15）；
The second U-shaped support（15）It is fixed on turnbarrel（31）Top, the turnbarrel（31）By bearing
（33）It is arranged on fixing axle（32）Outside, the turnbarrel（31）Bottom sets steel wire rope fixed plate（34）；
The first U-shaped link（13）By the first active connection（22）Connection adjusting rod（21）, the adjusting rod
（21）By the second active connection（23）Connection Bracket（25）；
The fixed mount（25）And fixing axle（32）It is each attached to base（6）On；
First photoreceptor（41）With the second photoreceptor（42）Installed in base plate（43）On, first photoreceptor（41）
With the second photoreceptor（42）Middle setting light barrier plate（44）, the base plate（43）It is fixed on tracking synchronizing shaft（45）Top
The motor（52）Connection reductor（53）, the reductor（53）Output shaft sets left regulation wheel（54）, the steel
Cord fixed plate（34）By steel wire rope（35）Connection left regulation wheel（54）；
The tracking synchronizing shaft（45）It is fixed on left regulation wheel（54）Center；
First photoreceptor（41）With the second photoreceptor（42）It is electrically connected with tracking control unit（51）, the tracing control
Further, first active connection（22）For universal joint or bulb spherical plain bearing rod end any one,
Second active connection（23）For universal joint or bulb spherical plain bearing rod end any one.
Further, first active connection（22）With the second active connection（23）It is bulb rod end joint shaft
Hold, the rod end of the bulb spherical plain bearing rod end is screw mandrel, the adjusting rod（21）Two ends are respectively provided with screwed hole（26）.
Further, the described first U-shaped link（13）By bearing pin（16）Connect the first active connection（22）, it is described
Second active connection（23）By bearing pin（16）Connection Bracket（25）.
Further, the described first U-shaped link（13）With the second U-shaped support（15）It is arranged at battery supporting plate（11）'s
On center line.
Further, first photoreceptor（41）It is light-sensitive element R1, the second photoreceptor（42）It is light-sensitive element R2, institute
State light barrier plate（44）For black plastic plate or metallic plate any one.
Further, the tracking control unit（51）Compare control circuit module (511), RS latch including Signal Regulation
Module（512）With motor control output circuit module（513）.
Further, the steel wire rope fixed plate（34）It is two pieces, is distributed in turnbarrel（31）Both sides, and in same
On one horizontal line, the steel wire rope（35）By steel wire rope clip（36）It is fixed on steel wire rope fixed plate（34）On.
Further, the reductor（53）It is worm decelerating machine.
Further, the solar cell module is at least two groups.
Wherein control system operation principle is：
（1）The effect of photoreceptor assembly：The optical signal of measurement is become into electric signal to send next stage to (Signal Regulation compares
Control circuit), when two light-sensitive elements are all just to the sun, the signal pair value of output is equal, and light is strong if having deviation
One side output signal can be higher than the weak one side of light.
（2）Signal Regulation compares control circuit and the electric signal that the transmission of photoreceptor assembly comes is processed and compared, when two
Road photosignal is close or identical, and output is all low level, and when there is side stronger, strong side output high level is transferred to
Next stage (RS latch).
（3）RS latch, the signal to comparing control circuit from Signal Regulation is latched, output motor rotating control
Signal processed, and it is transferred to power of motor control output circuit.
（4）This circuit of motor control output circuit is rotated forward for controlled motor, reversion, and stopping is controlled by RS latch.
Solar tracking system operation principle：As seen in figs. 8-10, respectively solar panel the morning, noon and under
The position view at noon, in the upper period of the day from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m, sunshine is located at east, and the first photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor in photoreceptor assembly are received
The intensity of illumination for arriving is identical, solar panel just to sun light direct beam, with sunshine gradually skew from east to west, first
There is deviation in the intensity of illumination that photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor are subject to, now photoreceptor assembly by this signal transmission to tracing control
Device, tracking control unit then further controlled motor work, the work of motor drives the tracking synchronizing shaft in left regulation wheel to be rotated
Until when the intensity of illumination being subject to the first photoreceptor and the second photoreceptor for tracking synchronizing shaft upper end is identical, motor stops work
Make, in engineering is rotated, solar components are also rotated with up to stopping, so as to realize solar panel with the sun left regulation wheel
Movement and move, remain solar panel just to solar irradiation.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, is not used to limit the utility model, it is all in this practicality
Within new spirit and principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in guarantor of the present utility model
Within the scope of shield.