A kind of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking systems
The present invention relates to solar photovoltaic bracket field, more particularly to a kind of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking systems.
Solar photovoltaic bracket is the special stent that fixed solar panel is installed in photovoltaic generating system.Photovoltaic at present
Stent is broadly divided into fixed type photovoltaic stent (setting angle is optimum angle of incidence), flat single-axis sun tracking stent, oblique single-axis sun tracking stent
With biaxial sun-tracking stent, wherein respectively there is advantage and disadvantage, wherein with biaxial sun-tracking stent generating efficiency highest, but since the system needs
Moment sunlight is tracked, cause to manufacture cost rise and floor space increase, and the sunlight on vacant lot is without fully profit
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is overcoming shortcoming of the prior art, it is synchronous with North and South direction to provide a kind of east-west direction
Solar tracking, the light radiation amount for increasing photovoltaic panel improve the three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system of one kind of Solar use efficiency.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention is solved by following technical proposals：
A kind of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking systems, including be installed on multiple pilums rotation axis, along the rotation
Active beam that axis is axially set, the multigroup first driven beam being laterally erected on successively on the active beam and second from foundation, use
In the fixation active beam, the first driven beam and second from the main frame of foundation；
Photovoltaic panel and speculum are rotatably installed on first driven beam described in every group and the second driven beam；
The pilum is equipped with main frame pull rod, the main frame that the main frame is pulled to be rotated around the rotation axis
Frame is equipped with to pull the photovoltaic panel around the photovoltaic panel pull rod of the described first driven beam rotation and for pulling the reflection
The speculum pull rod that mirror is rotated around described second from foundation；
The three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system be additionally provided with to drive the main frame pull rod, photovoltaic panel pull rod,
The driving device of speculum pull rod movement, for control the driving device control device, for the control device provide electricity
The accumulator in source.
Further, the driving device is included for driving the first motor of the main frame pull rod, for driving
The second motor, the 3rd motor for driving the speculum pull rod for stating photovoltaic panel pull rod, first motor, the second electricity
Machine, the 3rd motor are electrically connected with the control device.
Further, multiple first support bars and multiple are connected with bearing on the described first driven beam and the second driven beam
Second support bar, the photovoltaic panel are fixedly installed on the multiple first support bar, and the speculum is fixedly installed in described
On multiple second support bars, the multiple first support bar is connected by head rod activity, the multiple second support bar quilt
Second connecting rod activity is connected, and one end of the head rod is movably connected on successively on the photovoltaic panel pull rod, and described the
One end of two connecting rods is movably connected on successively on speculum pull rod.
Further, the main frame pull rod is the screw being installed on the pilum, and one end of the screw is articulated with
On the main frame of the rotation axis one side, the other end is connected with first motor, and first motor drives the screw to do
Further, second motor and the 3rd motor are fixedly installed on the main frame, second motor with
The swing component that the photovoltaic panel pull rod and speculum pull rod is driven to be axially moved, the swing component are respectively provided on 3rd motor
One end be articulated on the corresponding photovoltaic panel pull rod and on speculum pull rod.
Further, the control device includes motor control module, wireless transport module, power management module, described
Motor control module, wireless transport module, power management module are arranged in a control cabinet, and the control cabinet is installed on one of them
On the pilum.
Further, the motor control module includes controlling the first control module of first motor, being used for
Control the second control module of second motor and the 3rd motor.
Further, the supply unit includes the self-powered photovoltaic for being arranged on one of them or several photovoltaic panel one sides
Plate and the accumulator being located therein on a pilum, the self-powered photovoltaic panel charge for the accumulator, the electric power storage
Pond provides power supply for the control device.
The present invention has the following advantages compared with prior art and advantageous effect：
1. the multiple pilum is equipped with rotation axis, active beam is axially provided with along the rotation axis, on the active beam
It is laterally erected on the first driven beam described in the first driven beam of array and second from foundation, every group and the second driven beam and rotates installation
There are photovoltaic panel and a speculum, the speculum can be in reflected sunlight to photovoltaic panel, and the present invention is by controlling photovoltaic panel and anti-
The rotation of mirror is penetrated to adjust the angle of photovoltaic panel and speculum, so that photovoltaic panel receives direct sunlight and anti-to the greatest extent
Mirror reflected light is penetrated, the generated energy of photovoltaic panel is improved using intensity of illumination is increased, takes full advantage of solar energy, greatly improve the sun
Amount of radiation can be received, reduces cost of electricity-generating and floor space, it is easy to repair with debugging, large-scale power station is applicable not only to, is also suitable
In distributed power generation.
2. the present invention is that photovoltaic panel control system and speculum enhancing control are added on the basis of oblique single-axis sun tracking stent
Three axis sun tracking systems of system processed, the present invention are equipped with to control first motor, the second motor, the 3rd motor collaboration work
The control device of work uses LoRa or NB-loT wireless communications mode transmitted in both directions between control device and external central controller
Wireless signal, the external central controller can send instruction to the control device can gather the control device again
Information, the problem of finding the control device and each component in time, convenient for quick-replaceable and repair, the mode of wireless control drops
Low material cost, improves work efficiency.
Description of the drawings
The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a kind of dimensional structure diagram of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system.
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system.
Fig. 3 is a kind of side view of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system.
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged view of mirror tilt part in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged view at A in Fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a kind of principle flow chart of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system.
Mark in above-mentioned figure is：
1st, the first motor, 110, main frame pull rod, the 2, second motor, the 3, the 3rd motor, 310, swing component, 4, photovoltaic panel,
5th, speculum, 6, main frame, 7, pilum, 8, speculum shackle rod, 9, photovoltaic panel shackle rod, 10, rotation axis 10,11, main
Dynamic beam, the 12, first driven beam, the 13, second driven beam, the 131, second support bar, the 132, second connecting rod, 133, rotating bars, 14,
Accumulator, 15, self-powered photovoltaic panel, 16, control cabinet,
With reference to embodiment and attached drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are unlimited
The specific implementation process of the present invention is as follows：
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking systems turn including being installed on multiple pilums 7
Moving axis 10, the active beam 11 axially set along the rotation axis 10, successively laterally be erected on the active beam multigroup first
Driven beam 12 and second from foundation 13, for fixing the active beam 11, the first driven beam 12 and second from the main frames of foundation 13
Described in every group photovoltaic panel 4 and speculum 5 are rotatably installed on the first driven 12 and second driven beam 13 of beam；
The pilum 7 be equipped with to pull the main frame pull rod 110 that the main frame 6 rotates around the rotation axis 10,
The main frame 6 is equipped with to pull the photovoltaic panel 4 around the photovoltaic panel pull rod 9 of the described first driven rotation of beam 12 and be used for
The speculum pull rod 8 that the speculum is pulled to be rotated around described second from foundation 13；
The three axis synergy stent photovoltaic tracking system is additionally provided with that the main frame pull rod 110, photovoltaic panel is driven to draw
Driving device that bar 9, speculum pull rod 8 move, for controlling the control device of the driving device, carry for the control device
The accumulator of power supply source.
The driving device includes driving the first motor 1 of the main frame pull rod 110, for driving the photovoltaic
The second motor 1, the 3rd motor 3 for driving the speculum pull rod of plate pull rod, first motor 1, the second motor 2,
3rd motor 3 is electrically connected with the control device.
On the first driven 12 and second driven beam 13 of beam with bearing be connected with multiple first support bar (not shown) and
Multiple second support bars 131, the photovoltaic panel 4 are fixedly installed on the multiple first support bar, and the speculum 5 fixes peace
Loaded on the multiple second support bar 131, the multiple first support bar is connected by the activity of head rod (not shown), institute
It states multiple second support bars 131 to be connected by 132 activity of the second connecting rod, activity connects successively for one end of multiple head rods
It is connected on the photovoltaic panel pull rod 9, one end of second connecting rod 132 is movably connected on successively on speculum pull rod 8.
The main frame pull rod 110 is the screw being installed on the pilum 7, and one end of the screw is articulated with described turn
On the main frame 6 of 10 one side of moving axis, the other end is connected with first motor 1, and first motor 1 drives the screw to do to stretch
Second motor, 2 and the 3rd motor 3 is fixedly installed on the main frame 6,2 and the 3rd electricity of the second motor
The swing component 310 that the photovoltaic panel pull rod 9 and speculum pull rod 8 is driven to be axially moved, the corresponding pendulum are respectively provided on machine 3
One end of moving part 310 is articulated on the photovoltaic panel pull rod 9 and 8 on speculum pull rod.
The control device includes motor control module, wireless transport module, power management module, and the motor controls mould
Block, wireless transport module, power management module are arranged in a control cabinet 16, and the control cabinet 16 is installed on one of them described base
On column 7.
The motor control module includes controlling the first control module of first motor, for controlling described the
Second control module of two motors and the 3rd motor.
The supply unit includes being arranged on the self-powered photovoltaic panel 15 of one of them or several photovoltaic panel one sides and set
Accumulator 14 on one of them described pilum 7, the self-powered photovoltaic panel 15 charge for the accumulator 14, the electric power storage
Pond 14 provides power supply for the control device.
The present invention concrete operating principle be with flow：The multiple pilum 7 be fixedly installed in side by side successively ground or its
On his external fixture, the multiple pilum 7 supports the rotation axis 10 jointly, and the rotation axis 10 is installed on institute by bearing
It states so that the rotation axis 10 is enable to be rotated compared with the pilum 7 on multiple pilums 7, the active beam axis 11 is fixed on institute
It states in rotation axis 10 and is rotated together relative to the pilum 7 with the rotation axis 10, the both ends of the active beam 11 are to north and south
Direction extends, and described multigroup first is arranged on from foundation 12 and second from 13 array-like transverse strands of foundation on the active beam 11, institute
Multigroup first is stated from foundation 12 and second from foundation 13 to east-west direction to extend.Photovoltaic panel 4 and second on first driven beam 12
One is formed between speculum 5 on driven beam 13 can change the angle of size, so that sunlight is made to reflex to greatest extent
In the photovoltaic panel 4, the photovoltaic panel 4 can not only absorb the sunlight of direct irradiation, and can absorb the speculum 5
The sunlight of reflection, the absorption of double energy make the photovoltaic panel 4 generate more generated energy using its limited area, carry
The high efficiency of photovoltaic panel 4.
The main frame 6, active beam 11, multigroup first driven 12 and second driven beam 13 of beam interconnection are integrated, when
When first motor 1 drives the screw to do stretching motion, screw pulls the main frame 6 around the rotation axis 10 to thing
Direction rotates, so that the photovoltaic panel 4 and speculum 5 is enable to track solar irradiation in east-west direction.It is as shown in fig. 6, described
The one side of main frame 6 is equipped with multiple rotating bars 133 for being used to pull the speculum pull rod, the middle part rotation of the rotating bars 133
Turn to be installed on the main frame 6, one end of the rotating bars is flexibly connected the speculum pull rod 8, other end flexible connection
The mirror connecting rod 132, similarly, 6 opposite side of main frame are equipped with 4 corresponding rotating bars of photovoltaic panel, and function is consistent.
As shown in figure 4, one end that the speculum pull rod 8 corresponds to swing component 310 is fixedly connected on the 3rd motor 3, the other end
It is movably connected on speculum pull rod 8, when the 3rd motor 3 driving swing component 310 is swung, swing component 310 pulls described
Speculum pull rod 8 is axially moved, meanwhile, speculum pull rod 8 pulls the corresponding rotating bars 123 to rotate, the rotating bars 133
By pulling the second connecting rod 132 that the speculum 5 is promoted to be rotated around second driven shaft 13, when speculum 5 is around second driven shaft
During 13 rotation, speculum 5 can track solar irradiation in North and South direction.Similarly, main frame 6 is corresponded to equipped with photovoltaic panel pull rod 9
Rotating bars and swing component, structure is consistent with rotating bars, the swing component on speculum 5.Second motor 2 is assisted with the 3rd motor 3
Optimum angle is formed between the speculum 5 and photovoltaic panel 6 with controlling, to make the sunlight of 5 limited areal of speculum maximum
Scope is reflexed in photovoltaic panel 4.It is equipped with to control first motor 1, the second motor the 2, the 3rd in the control device
The controller of 3 Collaboration of motor, the controller control first motor 1, the second motor 2, the 3rd motor 3 to open respectively
It opens, stop or each rotates at different rates, make corresponding driving shaft 11, first driven shaft 12,13 3 axis of second driven shaft
Collaboration rotation, to realize best angle from motion tracking solar irradiation, improve day sun can utilization rate.Mirror assembly plays
The effect of synergy, the generated energy for improving photovoltaic module into one on the basis of the tracking of three axis.Every group first in the present embodiment
With the speculum in second driven shaft 13 using detachable installation, electrical with photovoltaic assembly connects the photovoltaic panel 4 of driven shaft 12
Sectional connection is connected in, it, can be single when one of them or several photovoltaic panels and speculum break down using modularized design
Only dismounting and change and repair do not influence the normal power generation of other photovoltaic modulies.In one of them or several photovoltaic panels individually
Equipped with the self-powered photovoltaic panel 15 for charging for the accumulator, the control device passes through self-powered photovoltaic panel 15 and electric power storage
Pond 14 provides power supply, is provided separately with key light photovoltaic generating system, does not influence the whole power generation of main photovoltaic system.
As shown in fig. 6, the motor control module is included for controlling the first control module of the first motor, for controlling
Second control module of the second motor and the 3rd motor, first control module high-power N, PMOS tube and special control core
The H bridge dedicated control circuits of piece design, the first motor of control drive the screw stretching motion to make 6 east-west direction of main frame
Rotation, realizes the tracking to the east-west direction of sunlight.Second control module is controlled with microcontroller, using high-power N,
The motor dedicated control circuit that the band 64 of PMOS tube design segments controls the second motor and the 3rd motor to drive the photovoltaic respectively
Plate pull rod and the movement of speculum pull rod, make the photovoltaic panel 4 be rotated around first driven shaft 12, make the speculum driven around second
Axis 13 rotates, and realizes the tracking to sunlight North and South direction.The wireless transport module uses LoRa or NB-loT wireless communications
Pattern receives the instruction of external central controller, for controlling the operation of first motor, the second motor, the 3rd motor.Institute
Power management module is stated by microcontroller and power source special managing chip, come to the filling of the accumulator, put and charging time, charging
Electric current is managed, so as to the control device stable power-supplying.The external central controller is real using large capacity microcontroller
When detection positioning warp, latitude, the illumination gathered data of time and sunshine recorder, by algorithm, quickly calculate sunny height
Angle and azimuth are spent, it, can with the control device transmitted in both directions wireless signal by LoRa or NB-loT wireless communications modes
It is enough to send instruction adjustment main frame East and West direction solar tracking and photovoltaic panel and the solar tracking of speculum north-south, while the control eventually can be gathered again
The information of device processed adjusts the state of the control device in time, the problem of can quickly finding the control device, so as to timely
Maintenance, more exchange device.
Above-described embodiment is the preferable embodiment of the present invention, but embodiments of the present invention and from above-described embodiment
Limitation, other any Spirit Essences without departing from the present invention with made under principle change, modification, replacement, combine, simplification,
Equivalent substitute mode is should be, is included within protection scope of the present invention.