CN206176762U - Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater - Google Patents

Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206176762U
CN206176762U CN201621158895.2U CN201621158895U CN206176762U CN 206176762 U CN206176762 U CN 206176762U CN 201621158895 U CN201621158895 U CN 201621158895U CN 206176762 U CN206176762 U CN 206176762U
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China
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heat
solar
copper
absorber plate
water heater
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CN201621158895.2U
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Inventor
林广宙
陈月妃
徐海萍
莫献锋
潘才林
农敬
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Guangxi Yangsheng New Energy Source Co Ltd
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Guangxi Yangsheng New Energy Source Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model relates to a technical field is made to the water heater, specifically is a hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater, and it includes solar energy absorber plate and holding water box, solar energy absorber plate back mounted have a plurality of liquid heat exchanger, holding water box's upper portion is passed through the hot water pipe and is connected with liquid heat exchanger 's copper pipe upper end, the copper that holding water box's lower part leads to subcooled water pipe and liquid heat exchanger is managed the lower extreme and is connected, liquid heat exchanger including cover, electron heat pump and the copper pipe of keeping warm, the electron heat pump passes through control scheme to be connected with electrical source controller, the copper is installed with solar energy absorber plate back connection, the exothermal one side of electron heat pump to the endothermal one side of electron heat pump, the copper pipe is installed on the copper, keep warm the cover with copper, electron heat pump and the back of copper shroud at the solar energy absorber plate. The utility model discloses heat utilization rate is high, and water production is big, and it is effectual to heat water, installation convenient to use, low in manufacturing cost.

Description

A kind of heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater
Technical field
The utility model is related to water heater manufacturing technology field, specifically a kind of heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat pump Water heater.
Background technology
Lack as the traditional energy such as coal, oil is increasingly withered in world wide, energy supply anxiety becomes restriction one The bottleneck problem of national economic development.The clean energy resourcies such as development and application solar energy, wind energy, nuclear energy will become Contemporary Chinese with future Emerging strategic industries, solar energy is extensively applied as inexhaustible clean energy resource by the mankind, and solar water heater is just Become one of the household electrical appliance into ordinary people family, product popularization is in growing steadily the stage.Solar water heater is profit With solar energy as the energy come heat hot water, be the device that water is heated to high-temperature using the energy of the sun from low temperature, It is a kind of heat energy product, the sun is widely used as a kind of green energy resource in fields such as buildings.Solar thermal utilization Develop into today, either in terms of the collecting efficiency of heat collector (also known as heat dump), or all achieve in terms of cost performance Huge progress.Solar water heater has boundless market in China, and with the continuous aggravation of energy crisis, too The utilization of positive energy receives the increasing attention of country.Average each the normal sunshine of every square metre of flat-plate solar collector Day, the heat equivalent to 2.5 degree of electricity can be produced, 250 kilograms or so of standard coal can be saved every year, it is possible to reduce more than 700 kilograms two The discharge capacity of carbonoxide.The extensive utilization of solar water heater, including hot water for life, heating, air-conditioning must while economical The pollution situation of the earth will be significantly improved.The advantage of solar water heater is a lot, or even may be developed that more performances.
The popularization of conventional solar boilers at present runs into many restriction problems, is mainly presented with:
One is that for south, winter low temperature sunlight is few, and Low Temperature in Spring wet weather is without the sun, the solar energy of traditional-family It is limited that water heater heats the water yield, it is difficult to meet the round-the-clock needs of family;Some families are also auxiliary using electric energy or gas heater High energy consumption is helped, installing space is limited.Two is that Chinese city is densely populated, and high building stands in great numbers, roof limited space, sun direct projection face It is few, it is big by the limitations of sunshine-duration and position, it is especially short in the southern sunshine-duration.Heat collectors for solar water heater vacuum Pipe(Flat plate collector), water storage box separate with compressor, it is heavy, install inconvenient, efficiency is low, air-source water heater be also as This, is difficult to meet the demand that high-rise buildings install solar water heater in south.
Install for convenience and use, people have invented flat board (vacuum tube) solar water heater;But at present flat board is (true Blank pipe) solar water heater suffers from the drawback that:1st, fail completely using the hot water produced by solar energy, because its operation principle It is that starting mode of pump is controlled by the temperature difference, makes water circulation through heat collector, to obtain hot water, the hot water is flowed to after water tank, promotes water Cold water in case, flows back to heat collector, and when the water temperature on both sides is balanced, water pump quits work, and so results in a part of water and also loses In staying in heat collector, unnecessary thermal waste is caused;2nd, existing flat board (vacuum tube) heat collector is too heavy, and installing will Ask technology height, material cost high;3rd, limited by solar irradiation, production hot water is restricted by weather.4th, panel solar hot water Device is connected complicated installation inconvenience with attemperater pipeline.Therefore, people have invented balcony wall-hanging space energy water heater again.Balcony Wall-mounted space energy water heater, including flat-plate solar collector, compressor, guillotine and filter and inside is provided with heat exchange The integrated attemperater of device, flat-plate solar collector is placed on balcony or wall, compressor, guillotine and filter and Inside is provided with the integrated attemperater of heat exchanger, is mounted to cylindric or square shape an one water tank.Balcony wall-hanging Space energy water heater utilizes inverse Carnot cycle operation principle, while absorbing heat in the sun, moreover it is possible to pass through the temperature difference in night To absorb heat, realize that heat conducts by media flow, and then the water in integrated attemperater is heated, realize round-the-clock The purpose of quick water heating.
It has been investigated that, balcony wall-hanging space energy water heater has compressor, need to utilize refrigerant(Freon), install Technological requirement is high, and manufacturing cost is higher, and the fault rate of compressor is also higher, and noise can be also produced during compressor operating.
Therefore, market in urgent need is round-the-clock, do not limited by the sun within 24 hours, easy for installation simple without the need for compressor, The solar heat-pump water heater that suitable for city skyscraper resident family conveniently installs and uses, using the teaching of the invention it is possible to provide round-the-clock use, by too Restriction that sunlight shines, heat energy efficient utilization, high building is facilitated to install and use, safety, energy-conservation, the heat transfer formula compressor-free of low cost Solar heat-pump water heater.Open source literature has not been reported the solar heat-pump water heater of compressor-free.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of heat utilization rate height, and aquifer yield is big, and water heating effect is good, installs and uses It is convenient, low cost of manufacture, noiselessness can the round-the-clock new heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat pump and water heating for providing hot water Device.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater, it includes solar absorber plate and attemperater, institute The solar energy heat absorbing back stated is provided with multiple liquid heat-exchangers, and the top of attemperater is by hot water conduit and liquid heat exchange The copper pipe upper end connection of device, the bottom of attemperater is connected by cold water conduit with the copper pipe lower end of liquid heat-exchanger;During work, Hot water temperature's setting value is set by power-supply controller of electric, and starts electron heat pump, electron heat pump is by solar absorber plate and air In heat absorption and be delivered on copper coin, the heat of copper coin is by heat transfer, the water being delivered in copper pipe, the water temperature in copper pipe Raise, hot water floats, and by water route interior circulation, the hot water in copper pipe enters attemperater by hot water conduit, in attemperater Cold water copper pipe is entered by cold water pipe, ceaselessly circulate, formed hot water self-loopa.
Described liquid heat-exchanger includes stay-warm case, electron heat pump and copper pipe, and electron heat pump is by control circuit and power supply Controller connects, and the one side of electron heat pump heat absorption is connected with solar energy heat absorbing back, and the one side of electron heat pump heat release is provided with Copper coin, copper pipe is arranged on copper coin;Copper coin, electron heat pump and copper pipe are covered on stay-warm case the back side of solar absorber plate.Copper coin, Air is not left between electron heat pump and copper pipe and stay-warm case, is prevented heat from running and is lost.Electron heat pump is TEC, thermoelectricity The mechanism of refrigeration is totally different from steam compression type refrigeration, absorption refrigeration.It is the refrigeration side based on difference of temperature Method.Interconnected with two kinds of different wires, form a closed circuit, two tie points are individually placed to temperature At different two, an electrical potential difference -- contact electromotive force will be produced between two tie points.It is closed at just having in circuit Electric current passes through.In turn, the closed circuit two kinds of different metal wires being interconnected to form has led to direct current, can produce two The tie point of different temperatures.Will be one of tie point heating as long as passing to direct current, another tie point turns cold.This It is exactly peltier effect, also known as difference of temperature.Production cold end is exactly the refrigeration that we need.TEC is operationally As a heat pump, heat is transferred to into another point from a bit, rather than common endothermic process or magic by heat The process for consuming.After energization, the one side of TEC can turn cold and another side heating.Will be by by the heat of refrigeration one side Hot junction is delivered to, thermodynamic process is complied fully with.In order to complete the cyclic process of a hot-fluid, the hot junction of TEC is necessary Be connected on a suitable radiator, so as to discharge the heat and device running that pass over from cold end in produce Heat.
Described solar absorber plate is spliced by polylith aluminium alloy absorber plate, is provided with before aluminium alloy absorber plate Heat absorbing fins.Solar absorber plate may be mounted on balcony, absorb the heat of sunshine, and installation pipeline is shorter, install more Convenient, overcoming conventional solar boilers need to be arranged on roof, and installation pipeline is longer, installation difficulty.
Described attemperater is higher than the position of hot water outlet with the communicating position of hot water conduit.
Described attemperater is lower than the position of moisturizing water inlet with the communicating position of cold water conduit.
Two or more than two copper pipes are evenly equipped with the copper coin of each liquid heat-exchanger, the heat of copper coin is fully absorbed, While accelerating electron heat pump radiating, the self-loopa heating of water in attemperater has been also speeded up.
Described stay-warm case is made up of compound polyether material;
Described raw material and parts by weight by compound polyether material is as follows:
50~65 parts of water soluble polyether;
8~12 parts of polystyrene;
8~12 parts of vermiculite;
5~8 parts of polyvinyl alcohol;
2~5 parts of mica;
2~4 parts of chloromethyl silane;
2~3 parts of antimony oxide;
Described water soluble polyether by following parts by weight mixed raw material into:
5~7 parts of glycerin polyether resin, 3~5 parts of glycol ether resin, 0.2~0.3 part of palm oil, catalyst n, N-bis- 0.2~0.4 part of methyl ring amine, 0.1~0.3 part of curing agent dibutyl tin laurate, deionized water water 0.2~0.4 Part.
Thermal insulation layer can also be made with above-mentioned raw material.
Substantive distinguishing features that heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater of the present utility model is projected and significant Progress is:
1st, heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater of the present utility model, is to install to make through production for many years Summarize what is obtained with middle, its heat utilization rate is high, aquifer yield is big, and water heating effect is good, easy to install, noiselessness, manufacture Low cost;Water heater of the present utility model also can round-the-clock offer hot water demand, it is to avoid the noise that compressor operating is produced, and solves Traditional solar heat-pump water heater uses a difficult problem for compressor, the high cost of generation and high fault rate.The sun of the present utility model Than vacuum tube or ordinary flat heat collector weight saving more than 2/3rds, heat absorption efficiency is higher by 35% to energy absorber plate.
2nd, solar absorber plate of the present utility model may be mounted on balcony, absorb the heat of sunshine, installation pipeline It is shorter, facilitate high building to install and use, overcoming conventional solar boilers need to be arranged on roof, and installation pipeline is longer, install tired It is difficult;The hot-cast socket that water heater of the present utility model passes through electron heat pump, 5 times higher than the thermal efficiency of pure electrically heated water heater with On;Realize the dream that solar water heater is could be used that without the sun that people pursue.
3rd, the popularization and application of heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater of the present utility model will be widely used in Urban family, middle or small scale hotel, rural area etc., to popularize and popularizing solar water heater in an all-round way and promote model change to provide It is new to select, the domestic technological innovation for being particularly Guangxi solar energy industry and development will be greatly promoted.
4th, the operating voltage of the electron heat pump that the utility model is adopted belongs to safe voltage for 12-36 volts, does not result in tactile The risk of electric injures and deaths.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater;
Fig. 2 is the B-B direction schematic diagram of liquid heat-exchanger in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of solar absorber plate;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of aluminium alloy absorber plate in Fig. 3;
Sequence number is entitled in figure:
1st, solar absorber plate, 2, liquid heat-exchanger, 3, stay-warm case, 4, copper coin, 5, electron heat pump, 6, copper pipe, 7, hot water Conduit, 8, attemperater, 9, cold water conduit, 10, control circuit, 11, power-supply controller of electric, 12, aluminium alloy absorber plate, 13, heat absorption Fin.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is introduced in order to more detailed, with reference to embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is done into one Step explanation.
As shown in the figure:
Embodiment 1
The utility model heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater, it includes solar absorber plate 1 and insulation Water tank 8, the described back side of solar absorber plate 1 is provided with multiple liquid heat-exchangers 2, and the top of attemperater 8 is led by hot water Pipe 7 is connected with the upper end of copper pipe 6 of liquid heat-exchanger 2, and the bottom of attemperater 8 is by cold water conduit 9 and the copper of liquid heat-exchanger 2 The lower end of pipe 6 connects;
Described liquid heat-exchanger 2 includes stay-warm case 3, electron heat pump 5 and copper pipe 6, and electron heat pump 5 passes through control circuit 10 It is connected with power-supply controller of electric 11, the one side of the heat absorption of electron heat pump 5 is connected with the back side of solar absorber plate 1, the heat release of electron heat pump 5 Copper coin 4 is simultaneously installed, copper pipe 6 is arranged on copper coin 4;Copper coin 4, electron heat pump 5 and copper pipe 6 are covered on solar energy by stay-warm case 3 The back side of absorber plate 1.
Described solar absorber plate 1 is spliced by polylith aluminium alloy absorber plate 12, before aluminium alloy absorber plate 12 It is provided with heat absorbing fins 13.
Described attemperater 8 is higher than the position of hot water outlet with the communicating position of hot water conduit 7.
Described attemperater 8 drips with the communicating position of cold water conduit 9 than the position of moisturizing water inlet.
Two or more than two copper pipes 6 are evenly equipped with the copper coin 4 of each liquid heat-exchanger 2.
Embodiment 2
The utility model heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater, it includes solar absorber plate 1 and insulation Water tank 8, the described back side of solar absorber plate 1 is provided with multiple liquid heat-exchangers 2, and the top of attemperater 8 is led by hot water Pipe 7 is connected with the upper end of copper pipe 6 of liquid heat-exchanger 2, and the bottom of attemperater 8 is by cold water conduit 9 and the copper of liquid heat-exchanger 2 The lower end of pipe 6 connects;
Described liquid heat-exchanger 2 includes stay-warm case 3, electron heat pump 5 and copper pipe 6, and electron heat pump 5 passes through control circuit 10 It is connected with power-supply controller of electric 11, the one side of the heat absorption of electron heat pump 5 is connected with the back side of solar absorber plate 1, the heat release of electron heat pump 5 Copper coin 4 is simultaneously installed, copper pipe 6 is arranged on copper coin 4;Copper coin 4, electron heat pump 5 and copper pipe 6 are covered on solar energy by stay-warm case 3 The back side of absorber plate 1.
Described solar absorber plate 1 is spliced by polylith aluminium alloy absorber plate 12, before aluminium alloy absorber plate 12 It is provided with heat absorbing fins 13.
Described attemperater 8 is higher than the position of hot water outlet with the communicating position of hot water conduit 7.
Described attemperater 8 drips with the communicating position of cold water conduit 9 than the position of moisturizing water inlet.
Two or more than two copper pipes 6 are evenly equipped with the copper coin 4 of each liquid heat-exchanger 2.
Above-mentioned stay-warm case and thermal insulation layer is made up of compound polyether material;
Described raw material and parts by weight by compound polyether material is as follows:
50~65 parts of water soluble polyether;
8~12 parts of polystyrene;
8~12 parts of vermiculite;
5~8 parts of polyvinyl alcohol;
2~5 parts of mica;
2~4 parts of chloromethyl silane;
2~3 parts of antimony oxide;
Described water soluble polyether by following parts by weight mixed raw material into:
5~7 parts of glycerin polyether resin, 3~5 parts of glycol ether resin, 0.2~0.3 part of palm oil, catalyst n, N-bis- 0.2~0.4 part of methyl ring amine, 0.1~0.3 part of curing agent dibutyl tin laurate, deionized water water 0.2~0.4 Part.
The solar absorber plate 1 of the utility model heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater may be mounted at sun On the guardrail of platform, attemperater 8 is installed indoors, when needing to use hot water, is set hot water temperature by power-supply controller of electric 11 and is set Definite value, and start electron heat pump 5, electron heat pump 5 is by solar absorber plate 1 and heat absorption in air and is delivered to copper coin 4 On, by heat transfer, the water being delivered in copper pipe 6, the water temperature in copper pipe 6 is raised the heat of copper coin 4, and hot water floats, by water Road interior circulation, the hot water in copper pipe 6 enters attemperater 8 by hot water conduit 7, and the cold water in attemperater 8 passes through cold water pipe 9 Into copper pipe 6, ceaselessly circulate, after the hot water in attemperater 8 reaches setting value, electron heat pump 5 quits work, and completes heat Water is heated.
Application Example
1st, Nanning company, beneficial to heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater of the present utility model difference Compare with pure electric heating hot water with solar vacuum-tube water heater, flat plate solar water heater, the utility model is adopted too Than vacuum tube and ordinary flat heat collector weight saving more than 2/3rds, heat absorption efficiency is higher by more than 35% to positive energy absorber plate, peace Dress manufacturing cost is than solar vacuum-tube water heater and low 350 yuan, the identical use time of flat plate solar water heater, vacuum There are respectively 2 times and 3 failures in tube solar water heater and flat plate solar water heater, and water heater of the present utility model does not occur Failure.Water heater of the present utility model is higher more than 5 times than the pure electrically heated water heater thermal efficiency.
Described above is not that, to restriction of the present utility model, the utility model is also not limited to examples detailed above, this technology The those of ordinary skill in field, in essential scope of the present utility model, change, remodeling, addition or the replacement made all should belong to In protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater, including solar absorber plate(1)And attemperater(8), It is characterized in that:Described solar absorber plate(1)The back side is provided with multiple liquid heat-exchangers(2), attemperater(8)Top By hot water conduit(7)With liquid heat-exchanger(2)Copper pipe(6)Upper end connects, attemperater(8)Bottom pass through cold water conduit (9)With liquid heat-exchanger(2)Copper pipe(6)Lower end connects;
Described liquid heat-exchanger(2)Including stay-warm case(3), electron heat pump(5)And copper pipe(6), electron heat pump(5)By control Circuit(10)With power-supply controller of electric(11)Connection, electron heat pump(5)The one side and solar absorber plate of heat absorption(1)The back side connects, Electron heat pump(5)The one side of heat release is provided with copper coin(4), copper pipe(6)Installed in copper coin(4)On;Stay-warm case(3)By copper coin(4)、 Electron heat pump(5)And copper pipe(6)Cover on solar absorber plate(1)The back side.
2. heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described too Positive energy absorber plate(1)By polylith aluminium alloy absorber plate(12)It is spliced, aluminium alloy absorber plate(12)Before be provided with heat absorption Fin(13).
3. heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described guarantor Reservoir(8)With hot water conduit(7)Communicating position it is higher than the position of hot water outlet.
4. heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described guarantor Reservoir(8)With cold water conduit(9)Communicating position it is lower than the position of moisturizing water inlet.
5. heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Each liquid Heat exchanger(2)Copper coin(4)On be all evenly equipped with two or more than two copper pipes(6).
6. heat transfer formula compressor-free solar heat-pump water heater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described guarantor Temperature cover(3)It is made up of compound polyether material.
CN201621158895.2U 2016-11-01 2016-11-01 Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater Active CN206176762U (en)

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CN201621158895.2U CN206176762U (en) 2016-11-01 2016-11-01 Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621158895.2U CN206176762U (en) 2016-11-01 2016-11-01 Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater

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CN201621158895.2U Active CN206176762U (en) 2016-11-01 2016-11-01 Hot transmission type does not have compressor solar heat pump water heater

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106369841A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-02-01 广西阳升新能源有限公司 Thermal transmission type compressor-free solar heat pump water heater

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106369841A (en) * 2016-11-01 2017-02-01 广西阳升新能源有限公司 Thermal transmission type compressor-free solar heat pump water heater

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