CN104676928A - Coil pipe auxiliary heating double-container type water tank of solar and heat pump water heater - Google Patents

Coil pipe auxiliary heating double-container type water tank of solar and heat pump water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104676928A
CN104676928A CN201510109482.9A CN201510109482A CN104676928A CN 104676928 A CN104676928 A CN 104676928A CN 201510109482 A CN201510109482 A CN 201510109482A CN 104676928 A CN104676928 A CN 104676928A
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China
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water tank
water
tank
courage
liner
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Application number
CN201510109482.9A
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CN104676928B (en
Inventor
龙激波
李亚茹
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Xiangtan University
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Xiangtan University
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Publication of CN104676928B publication Critical patent/CN104676928B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention relates to a coil pipe auxiliary heating double-container type water tank of a solar and heat pump water heater. A water tank outer container is arranged in a water tank outer casing, a pressurizing water tank inner container is arranged in the water tank outer container, a solar circulating water inlet pipe and a solar circulating water outlet pipe are respectively arranged at the two sides of the lower part of the water tank outer container, a hot water outlet pipe and a vacuum heat insulation pipe are arranged at the top part of the pressurizing water tank inner container, one end of the vacuum heat insulation pipe is connected with a cold water inlet pipe, and a refrigerant heat exchange coil pipe is arranged in a gap between the water tank outer container and the pressurizing water tank inner container. The coil pipe auxiliary heating double-container type water tank has the advantages that by adopting the double-container structure of the water tank outer container and the pressurizing water tank inner container, the solar and heat pump water heating can be integrated, and the mutual influence on water quality caused by solar circulating water and domestic water is avoided; the structure is simple, the size is small, the manufacturing and installation are convenient, the running is stable, and the heat-insulation, energy-saving and high-efficiency effects are realized.

Description

The auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of a kind of coil pipe
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy and air energy integrated utilizes technology, specifically refer to the auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of family formula coil pipe of a kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, efficient, stable operation, belong to the technical field of solar energy, air-source water heater.
Background technology
The conventional thermal source of China's pot-type boiler mainly contains solar energy, air energy, electric energy, combustion gas etc.Solar water heater utilizes reproducible solar energy resources, and operation does not need to consume other energy substantially; Air-source water heater is then be that the air of power can utilize system with electric energy, and compared with electric heater, its thermal efficiency is the 300%-500% of electric heater; China's power generation is at present still based on thermoelectricity, and electric heater and gas heater run and mainly obtain hot water by consuming non-renewable energy resources.
China is the country that a solar energy resources enriches, solar water heater obtains at the investigation and application of China and develops rapidly in recent years, but solar energy resources is very large by the impact of seasonal variations and Changes in weather, produce hot water ability in the winter time poor, especially even hot water can not be produced overcast and rainy, therefore, solar water heater often needs to arrange auxiliary thermal source.The supplementary energy that current solar water heater is conventional is electric energy, if auxiliary electric energy control is improper in actual motion, power consumption will be greater than solar energy acquisition amount, even appear at the auxiliary power consumption of solar water heater under identical hot water use amount and be greater than simple electric heater power consumption, solar water heater does not have the energy-saving effect utilizing solar energy, therefore, solar water heater auxiliary thermal source formal character, hot-water heating system energy-saving design are the major issues that solar energy techniques development faces.
Air-source water heater is development in recent years another kind of efficient, energy-conservation domestic hot-water's technology of preparing faster, compared with solar water technology, air-source water heater runs in south China area the impact not substantially being subject to season and weather, therefore, solar energy and air energy integrated utilize technology to be one of very good domestic hot-water's production technology in south China area.In the house of south China area, split-type air conditioner is very universal household electrical appliance, and in 1 year, the utilization rate of domestic air conditioning is general very low.Therefore, make full use of heat pump technical principle, take into account as solar water heater provides auxiliary thermal source at indoor comfortable operation of air conditioner simultaneously, not only can realize the comprehensive utilization of solar energy and these two kinds of regenerative resources of air energy, the service efficiency of domestic air-conditioning system can also be improved.Wherein, design a kind of stable operation, volume be little, manufacture is simple, low cost of manufacture, water-heater water tank that heat preservation energy-saving efficiency is high be this solar energy and air energy integrated utilize technology one of the major issue facing solution.
Summary of the invention
The present invention, for solving the problems of the technologies described above, provides that a kind of structure is simple, volume is little, manufactures and the auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of easy for installation, stable, that heat preservation energy-saving efficiency is high coil pipe.
The present invention is for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme taked is: the auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of a kind of coil pipe, it comprises: cold water inlet, hot water outlet pipe, cold-producing medium influent stream pipe, refrigerant reflux tube, refrigerant heat exchanger, solar energy circulating water inlet, solar energy circulating water outlet pipe, outer courage blast pipe, vacuum heat insulation tube, pressure-bearing water tank inner liner, the outer courage of water tank, tank shell, insulation material, electric three passes reversal valve, temperature sensor one, temperature sensor two, controller, bypass pipe, it is inner that described pressure-bearing water tank inner liner is placed in the outer courage of water tank, the outer courage end face of water tank and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner side close contact, the outer courage of described pressure-bearing water tank inner liner and water tank is placed in the inside of tank shell, and is full of insulation material in space in tank shell, described cold water inlet is connected with vacuum heat insulation tube, one end of vacuum heat insulation tube is installed on tank shell top, vacuum heat insulation tube is connected with pressure-bearing water tank inner liner top and stretches in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner position on the lower, pressure-bearing water tank inner liner top is connected with hot water outlet pipe, and hot water outlet pipe is connected with tank shell top, described tank shell side is connected with solar energy circulating water inlet, and solar energy circulating water inlet is connected with the outer courage of water tank, and the outer courage of water tank is connected with solar energy circulating water outlet pipe, and solar energy circulating water outlet pipe is connected with tank shell side, the outer courage top of described water tank is provided with outer courage blast pipe, described refrigerant heat exchanger is arranged in the space between pressure-bearing water tank inner liner and the outer courage of water tank, refrigerant heat exchanger and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner close contact, described cold-producing medium influent stream pipe enters from courage top tank shell top and water tank, and cold-producing medium influent stream pipe is connected with refrigerant heat exchanger, and refrigerant heat exchanger is connected with refrigerant reflux tube, and refrigerant reflux tube stretches out from courage top water tank and tank shell top, described temperature sensor one contacts with solar energy circulating water inlet intimate, and temperature sensor one is connected with controller, temperature sensor two and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner exterior surface, and temperature sensor two is connected with controller, described controller controls electric three passes reversal valve according to the temperature difference of temperature sensor one and temperature sensor two, makes recirculated water enter solar energy circulating water inlet or enter bypass pipe.
The advantage that the present invention has and good effect are: 1) refrigerant heat exchanger coil pipe is installed in the space between pressure-bearing water tank inner liner and the outer courage of water tank, water is full of in space during operation, glassware for drinking water in space has the effect strengthening heat transfer coefficient between coil pipe and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner, simultaneously, void volume is little, make water capacity and thermal capacity all less, be rapidly heated when being conducive to air energy auxiliary heating; 2) solar energy recirculated water and domestic hot-water are by pressure-bearing water tank inner liner surface heat exchanging, and its coefficient of heat transfer is large, and in the outer courage of water tank, during heat exchange, flow velocity is low, flow resistance is little, is applicable to the solar water heating system of Natural Circulation for solar energy recirculated water; 3) pressure-bearing water tank inner liner water inlet pipe adopts vacuum heat insulation tube, effectively can cut off heat and lose along cold water inlet transmission, solve the heat loss problem that cold water inlet is arranged on water heater top well; 4) three-way diverter valve is controlled by control system, when inner bag water temperature is higher than circulating water temperature, circulating water flow does not enter water tank through bypass pipe, the heat of hot water in water tank can not be taken away because circulating water temperature is low, when inner bag water temperature is lower than circulating water temperature, bypass pipe disconnects, and solar energy recirculated water enters heating inner liner domestic hot-water in water tank; 5) double-bladder type design is adopted, water tank volume is little, compact conformation, both the pressure requirements of domestic hot-water had been met, meet again the hydraulic demand that solar water heater normal pressure runs, achieve solar energy and air can these two kinds of regenerative resources organically combine in the hot-water heating system of family, but also the utilization rate of equipment and installations of family air-conditioner set can be improved.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the present invention's relation schematic diagram in hot-water heating system;
Fig. 2 is overall structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is Double-layer liner structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is refrigerant heat exchanger coil pipe schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is vacuum heat insulation tube structural representation of the present invention.
In Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5: 1. cold water inlet, 2. hot water outlet pipe, 3. cold-producing medium influent stream pipe, 4. refrigerant reflux tube, 5. refrigerant heat exchanger, 6. solar energy circulating water inlet, 7. solar energy circulating water outlet pipe, 8. outer courage blast pipe, 9. vacuum heat insulation tube, 10. pressure-bearing water tank inner liner, the outer courage of 11. water tanks, 12. tank shells, 13. insulation materials, 14. electric three passes reversal valves, 15. temperature sensors one, 16. temperature sensor two, 17. controllers, 18. bypass pipes.
Detailed description of the invention
For summary of the invention of the present invention, feature and effect can be understood further, hereby enumerate following examples, and coordinate accompanying drawing to be described in detail as follows.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 5:
Cold water inlet 1, hot water outlet pipe 2, cold-producing medium influent stream pipe 3, refrigerant reflux tube 4, refrigerant heat exchanger 5, solar energy circulating water inlet 6, solar energy circulating water outlet pipe 7, outer courage blast pipe 8, vacuum heat insulation tube 9, pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10, the outer courage 11 of water tank, tank shell 12, insulation material 13, electric three passes reversal valve 14, temperature sensor 1, temperature sensor 2 16, controller 17, bypass pipe 18, it is inner that described pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 is placed in the outer courage 11 of water tank, outer courage 11 end face of water tank and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 side close contact; Pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 is placed in the inside of tank shell 12 with the outer courage 11 of water tank, and is full of insulation material 13 in space in tank shell 12; Cold water inlet 1 is connected with vacuum heat insulation tube 9, one end of vacuum heat insulation tube 9 is installed on tank shell 12 top, vacuum heat insulation tube 9 is connected with pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 top and stretches in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 position on the lower, pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 top is connected with hot water outlet pipe 2, and hot water outlet pipe 2 is connected with tank shell 12 top; Tank shell 12 side is connected with solar energy circulating water inlet 6, and solar energy circulating water inlet 6 is connected with the outer courage 11 of water tank, and the outer courage 11 of water tank is connected with solar energy circulating water outlet pipe 7, and solar energy circulating water outlet pipe 7 is connected with tank shell 12 side; Outer courage 11 top of water tank is provided with outer courage blast pipe 8; Refrigerant heat exchanger 5 is arranged in the space between pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 and the outer courage 11 of water tank, refrigerant heat exchanger 5 and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 close contact; Cold-producing medium influent stream pipe 3 enters from courage 11 top tank shell 12 top and water tank, cold-producing medium influent stream pipe 3 is connected with refrigerant heat exchanger 5, refrigerant heat exchanger 5 is connected with refrigerant reflux tube 4, and refrigerant reflux tube 4 stretches out from courage water tank 11 top and tank shell 12 top;
Temperature sensor 1 contacts with solar energy circulating water inlet 6 intimate, and temperature sensor 1 is connected with controller 17, temperature sensor 2 16 and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 exterior surface, and temperature sensor 2 16 is connected with controller 17; Controller 17 controls electric three passes reversal valve 14 according to the temperature difference of temperature sensor 1 and temperature sensor 2 16.
The operation of the auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of a kind of coil pipe of the present invention can be divided into solar energy, and independently domestic hot-water's operating mode processed, solar energy and air can combine water heating operating mode, the selection of two kinds of operating modes comprehensively can be determined according to real-time weather and weather forecast, when opening the inadequate or rainy weather of solar energy domestic hot-water operating mode, solar radiation when solar radiation is sufficient, unlatching solar energy and air can combine water heating operating mode, and each operating mode is run as follows.
The concrete operations of the independent domestic hot-water's operating mode processed of solar energy are: air energy heat pump power-off, and electric three passes reversal valve 14 and controller 17 are energized, system at the operation mechanism of the independent domestic hot-water's operating mode processed of solar energy is: control as electric three passes reversal valve 14 is in that bypass pipe 18 is communicated with, tank inlet pipe disconnects at first, after solar energy recirculated water absorbs heat in solar thermal collector, circulation enters solar energy circulating water inlet 6, water temperature in temperature sensor 1 Real-Time Monitoring solar energy circulating water inlet 6, temperature sensor 2 16 Real-Time Monitoring pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 bottom water temperature, when monitor temperature lower than temperature sensor 2 16 of the monitor temperature of temperature sensor 1, solar energy recirculated water is low-temperature circulating flowing, not only can not heat the hot water in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10, even the heat of hot water in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10 will be taken away, this Time Controller 17 controls electric three passes reversal valve 14, solar energy circulating water inlet 6 is disconnected, bypass pipe 18 is communicated with, solar energy recirculated water does not enter the outer courage 11 of water tank and circulates through bypass pipe 18, when monitor temperature higher than temperature sensor 2 16 of the monitor temperature of temperature sensor 1, the water of solar energy circulating water inlet 6 may be used for heating the hot water in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10, this Time Controller 17 controls electric three passes reversal valve 14, solar energy circulating water inlet 6 is communicated with, bypass pipe 18 disconnects, and solar energy recirculated water does not enter bypass pipe 18 and circulates and heat supply through the outer courage 11 of water tank.
The concrete operations that solar energy and air can combine water heating operating mode are: air energy heat pump energising runs, and electric three passes reversal valve 14 and controller 17 are energized; The operation mechanism that system can combine water heating operating mode at solar energy and air is: for electric three passes reversal valve 14 is in, bypass pipe 18 is communicated with, tank inlet pipe disconnects in initial control; The air source heat pump cold-producing medium of high temperature enters refrigerant heat exchanger 5 from cold-producing medium influent stream pipe 3, enters air source heat pump circulate after refrigerant heat exchanger 5 release heat through refrigerant reflux tube 4; A part of heat in refrigerant heat exchanger 5 is directly conducted to pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10, and another part heat transmits the water around refrigerant heat exchanger 5, then passes to pressure-bearing water tank inner liner 10; While air energy thermal pump operation, controller 17 controls electric three passes reversal valve 14 according to the Real-Time Monitoring temperature of temperature sensor 1 and temperature sensor 2 16, when monitor temperature lower than temperature sensor 2 16 of the monitor temperature of temperature sensor 1, solar energy circulating water inlet 6 disconnects, bypass pipe 18 is communicated with, when monitor temperature higher than temperature sensor 2 16 of the monitor temperature of temperature sensor 1, solar energy circulating water inlet 6 is communicated with, and bypass pipe 18 disconnects.
Water heating operating mode can be combined at solar energy and air and comprise air energy independent heating water condition, namely when night or daytime, solar energy can not produce hot water, the Real-Time Monitoring temperature of temperature sensor 1 is lower than the Real-Time Monitoring temperature of temperature sensor 2 16, electric three passes reversal valve is failure to actuate, and whole process is that air can produce hot water.

Claims (1)

1. the auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of coil pipe, it is characterized in that: the present invention includes cold water inlet (1), hot water outlet pipe (2), cold-producing medium influent stream pipe (3), refrigerant reflux tube (4), refrigerant heat exchanger (5), solar energy circulating water inlet (6), solar energy circulating water outlet pipe (7), outer courage blast pipe (8), vacuum heat insulation tube (9), pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10), the outer courage (11) of water tank, tank shell (12), insulation material (13), electric three passes reversal valve (14), temperature sensor one (15), temperature sensor two (16), controller (17), bypass pipe (18), it is inner that described pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) is placed in the outer courage (11) of water tank, outer courage (11) end face of water tank and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) side close contact, the outer courage (11) of described pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) and water tank is placed in the inside of tank shell (12), and is full of insulation material (13) in space in tank shell (12), described cold water inlet (1) is connected with vacuum heat insulation tube (9), one end of vacuum heat insulation tube (9) is installed on tank shell (12) top, vacuum heat insulation tube (9) is connected with pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) top and stretches in pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) position on the lower, pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) top is connected with hot water outlet pipe (2), and hot water outlet pipe (2) is connected with tank shell (12) top, described tank shell (12) side is connected with solar energy circulating water inlet (6), solar energy circulating water inlet (6) is connected with the outer courage (11) of water tank, the outer courage (11) of water tank is connected with solar energy circulating water outlet pipe (7), and solar energy circulating water outlet pipe (7) is connected with tank shell (12) side, outer courage (11) top of described water tank is provided with outer courage blast pipe (8), described refrigerant heat exchanger (5) is arranged in the space between pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) and the outer courage (11) of water tank, refrigerant heat exchanger (5) and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) close contact, described cold-producing medium influent stream pipe (3) enters from courage (11) top tank shell (12) top and water tank, cold-producing medium influent stream pipe (3) is connected with refrigerant heat exchanger (5), refrigerant heat exchanger (5) is connected with refrigerant reflux tube (4), and refrigerant reflux tube (4) stretches out from (11) top of courage water tank and tank shell (12) top, described temperature sensor one (15) contacts with solar energy circulating water inlet (6) intimate, temperature sensor one (15) is connected with controller (17), temperature sensor two (16) and pressure-bearing water tank inner liner (10) exterior surface, temperature sensor two (16) is connected with controller (17), described controller (17) controls electric three passes reversal valve (14) according to the temperature difference of temperature sensor one (15) and temperature sensor two (16).
CN201510109482.9A 2015-03-13 2015-03-13 A kind of auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of coil pipe Expired - Fee Related CN104676928B (en)

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CN201510109482.9A CN104676928B (en) 2015-03-13 2015-03-13 A kind of auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of coil pipe

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CN201510109482.9A CN104676928B (en) 2015-03-13 2015-03-13 A kind of auxiliary hot double-bladder type solar-energy air-energy water-heater water tank of coil pipe

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104990429A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-21 广东拉多美化肥有限公司 Novel mixing boiler adhered material-removing device
CN110926022A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-03-27 广东纽恩泰新能源科技发展有限公司 Domestic heat pump water tank that can heat rapidly

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0336751B1 (en) * 1988-04-08 1993-08-25 Siddons Ramset Limited Water heater
CN2864477Y (en) * 2006-01-11 2007-01-31 丹阳市绿洲热能科技有限公司 Solar heat pump water heater
CN2869694Y (en) * 2006-01-05 2007-02-14 戚荣生 Water-tank special for solar air conditioner
CN202092311U (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-12-28 王卫民 Jacket type hot water tank with outer winding type porous flat condenser pipe
CN102721184A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-10 李广生 Wall-mounted type light wave heating double-layer linker solar water heater
CN202973570U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-06-05 江苏佳佳太阳能有限公司 Water heater

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0336751B1 (en) * 1988-04-08 1993-08-25 Siddons Ramset Limited Water heater
CN2869694Y (en) * 2006-01-05 2007-02-14 戚荣生 Water-tank special for solar air conditioner
CN2864477Y (en) * 2006-01-11 2007-01-31 丹阳市绿洲热能科技有限公司 Solar heat pump water heater
CN202092311U (en) * 2011-02-24 2011-12-28 王卫民 Jacket type hot water tank with outer winding type porous flat condenser pipe
CN102721184A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-10 李广生 Wall-mounted type light wave heating double-layer linker solar water heater
CN202973570U (en) * 2012-11-13 2013-06-05 江苏佳佳太阳能有限公司 Water heater

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104990429A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-10-21 广东拉多美化肥有限公司 Novel mixing boiler adhered material-removing device
CN110926022A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-03-27 广东纽恩泰新能源科技发展有限公司 Domestic heat pump water tank that can heat rapidly

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