CN202008224U - Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater - Google Patents

Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202008224U
CN202008224U CN 201120111302 CN201120111302U CN202008224U CN 202008224 U CN202008224 U CN 202008224U CN 201120111302 CN201120111302 CN 201120111302 CN 201120111302 U CN201120111302 U CN 201120111302U CN 202008224 U CN202008224 U CN 202008224U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
heat exchanger
double
water heater
attemperater
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201120111302
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘宏
吴招云
李辉政
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhuzhou Angeshixin Energy Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
ZHUZHOU YIYUAN INDUSTRIAL CO LTD
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 201120111302 priority Critical patent/CN202008224U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202008224U publication Critical patent/CN202008224U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/12Hot water central heating systems using heat pumps

Abstract

The utility model relates to a directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater, which comprises a fin heat collector, a fan, a vapor-liquid separator, a compressor, a defrosting solenoid valve, a throttle capillary tube, a double tube heat exchanger, a heat insulation water tank, a temperature-controlled solenoid valve, a pressure switch, a circulating solenoid valve, a circulating water pump, a water level probe and a constant pressure water supply pump. The directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater has the beneficial effects that high-temperature hot water is produced in a direct heating type; the constancy of the water supply temperature is maintained; and the constant pressure supply of domestic hot water is ensured. The air energy water heater has safety, environmental protection and long service life.

Description

A kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater.
Background technology
Water heater on the current market mainly contains electric heater, gas heater and solar water heater, compare with them, air-source water heater has special advantages: the first is energy-efficient, it is to absorb energy from air, is the low value thermal power transfer high value heat energy, only need to consume small amount of electrical energy in the conversion, electric energy conversion Energy Efficiency Ratio reaches as high as 380%; It two is safe and reliable, hidden danger such as that three kinds of conventional water heaters of nothing in service exist is inflammable, electric leakage and CO poisoning; It three is environmental protection, does not discharge any pernicious gas and waste material to the external world during work; It four is to use the life-span long and easy for installation.But, at present also there is following problems in such water heater of market: the one, adopt the circulation mode of heating, the 2nd, the insulation that can not circulate, the 3rd, the dependence tap water pressure hydraulic pressure is provided and when causing water fluctuating temperature excessive, truly have improved needs.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model will provide a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater exactly, and it should be able to produce high-temperature-hot-water in the directly-heated mode, and can make the hot water circuit insulation in the water tank, supplies with constant pressure at any time and uses.
The technical solution of the utility model: a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater, it contains the fin heat collector, blower fan, vapour liquid separator, compressor, the defrost magnetic valve, throttle capillary tube, double-tube heat exchanger and attemperater, it is characterized in that: between described fin heat collector and the compressor vapour liquid separator is set, on the pipeline throttle capillary tube is set between the bottom of this fin heat collector and double-tube heat exchanger, between the high-pressure exhaust of this compressor and the liquid outlet of throttle capillary tube the defrost magnetic valve is set, it is the high-pressure exhaust that defrost magnetic valve one end is connected compressor, this defrost magnetic valve other end is connected the liquid outlet of throttle capillary tube, directly gives the finned heat exchanger defrost.
Described double-tube heat exchanger is to adopt countercurrent heat exchange method, be communicated with by pipeline between the top of this double-tube heat exchanger and the top of attemperater, also be communicated with between the bottom of this double-tube heat exchanger and the bottom of attemperater, and in the connecting pipe of bottom, be provided with circulating electromagnetic valve and water circulating pump successively by pipeline;
The bottom of described double-tube heat exchanger and the connecting pipe between the circulating electromagnetic valve are provided with a pipeline in addition through temperature control electromagnetic and hydraulic pressure sense switch and running water connection;
End is provided with water-level probe on the described attemperater, then is provided with the constant pressure water supply pump with the supply domestic hot-water under the attemperater.
Described blower fan adopts a kind of high-power blower that can regulate power of fan according to environment temperature automatically; Can regulate power of fan automatically according to environment temperature, machine can be moved than state with high energy efficiency.
Described double-tube heat exchanger is the double-tube heat exchanger of countercurrent heat exchange method; Can improve heat exchange efficiency to greatest extent.
When described hydraulic pressure sense switch was a kind of no tap water pressure, air-source water heater can not start, and avoids causing the hydraulic pressure sense switch of dry combustion method.
The attemperater that described attemperater is regulated as the buffering of hot water water consumption; Can control the running of air-source water heater according to the water level upper and lower limit, avoid the air-source water heater frequent starting.
When running water absorbs heat through the double-tube heat exchanger adverse current, directly running water is heated to and flows into behind the design temperature in the insulation buffer tank; The insulation buffer tank is regulated as the buffering of hot water water consumption, and the preferential moisturizing of meeting was restarted water circulating pump, circulating electromagnetic valve to the water level upper limit when buffering water level and water temperature were lower than setting value, and water temperature is to setting value in the heating buffer tank.
When the running of air energy heat exchanger, when finned heat exchanger frosting temperature reaches the defrost temperature of setting, machine is out of service, after about 3 minutes, the defrost magnetic valve is opened, and water circulating pump, circulating electromagnetic valve, compressor start withdraw from when setting value when the defrost temperature rises to, defrost stops, and air can enter the water running state that heats by heat exchanger.
What defrost was adopted is the defrost magnetic valve, and it directly is connected the high-pressure exhaust of compressor and the liquid outlet of throttle capillary tube, directly gives the finned heat exchanger defrost, and simple in structure, fault rate is low, during defrost the hot water water temperature is not had influence.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: realized that with rational design directly-heated type produces the hope of high temperature (60 ℃) hot water; When the hot water temperature in the attemperater descends, can heat up automatically according to setting data, guarantee to have at any time the domestic hot-water supply of temperature constant; The constant pressure water supply pump can guarantee constant pressure water supply; Safe and environmentally friendly, long service life.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a structural representation of the present utility model;
Among the figure: 1 one fin heat collectors, 2 one blower fans, 3 one vapour liquid separators, 4 one compressors, 5 one defrost magnetic valves, 6 one throttle capillary tubes, 7 one double-tube heat exchangers, 8 one temperature control electromagnetic, 9 one hydraulic pressure sense switches, 10 1 circulating electromagnetic valves, 11 1 water circulating pumps, 12 1 water-level probes, 13 1 attemperaters, 14 1 constant pressure water supply pumps.
The specific embodiment
A kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater, it contains fin heat collector 1, blower fan 2, vapour liquid separator 3, compressor 4, defrost magnetic valve 5, throttle capillary tube 6, double-tube heat exchanger 7 and attemperater 13, it is characterized in that: between described fin heat collector 1 and the compressor 4 vapour liquid separator 3 is set, on the pipeline throttle capillary tube 6 is set between the bottom of this fin heat collector 1 and double-tube heat exchanger 7, defrost magnetic valve 5 is set between the liquid outlet of the high-pressure exhaust of this compressor 4 and throttle capillary tube 6, be the high-pressure exhaust that defrost magnetic valve 5 one ends are connected compressor 4, these defrost magnetic valve 5 other ends are connected the liquid outlet of throttle capillary tube 6;
Described double-tube heat exchanger 7 is the double-tube heat exchangers that adopt countercurrent heat exchange method, be communicated with by pipeline between the top of the top of this double-tube heat exchanger 7 and attemperater 13, also be communicated with between the bottom of the bottom of this double-tube heat exchanger 7 and attemperater 13, and in the connecting pipe of bottom, be provided with circulating electromagnetic valve 10 and water circulating pump 11 successively by pipeline;
Connecting pipe between the bottom of described double-tube heat exchanger 7 and the circulating electromagnetic valve 10 is provided with a pipeline in addition and connects with running water through temperature control electromagnetic 8 and hydraulic pressure sense switch 9;
End is provided with water-level probe 12 on the described attemperater 13, then is provided with the constant pressure water supply pump 14 with the supply domestic hot-water under the attemperater 13.
Described blower fan 2 adopts a kind of high-power blower that can regulate power of fan according to environment temperature automatically.
When described hydraulic pressure sense switch 9 was a kind of no tap water pressures, air-source water heater can not start, and avoids causing the hydraulic pressure sense switch of dry combustion method.Attemperater 13 is attemperaters of regulating as the buffering of hot water water consumption.Can control the running of air-source water heater according to the water level upper and lower limit, avoid the air-source water heater frequent starting.
During energising work, compressor 4 work also sucks the working medium that heats of low-temp low-pressure gaseous state through vapour liquid separator 3 from fin heat collector 1, become HTHP after it is compressed and send into double-tube heat exchanger 7, make the heat-exchange working medium of gaseous state its heat that carries is discharged into the liquid heat-exchange working medium that after cooling, becomes low-temp low-pressure in its water on every side, enter 1 evaporation of fin heat collector again, absorb behind the airborne heat that blower fan 2 is blown into through pipeline and throttle capillary tube 6, enter compressor 4 through vapour liquid separator 3 again, so the work of producing hot water is finished in circulation repeatedly.
Hot water aspect, running water enter double-tube heat exchanger 7 through temperature control electromagnetism palace gate 8 and absorb from the heat that heats working medium, flow into attemperater 13 after arriving design temperature, water-level probe 12 detect water full after, temperature control electromagnetic 8 is closed, system quits work.Reach capping as the water temperature in this moment attemperater 13.Circulating electromagnetic valve 10 and water circulating pump 11 start, and system also starts the water in the heat tracing water tank 13, until reaching set water temperature.If any water, the water level in the attemperater is reduced to the water level lower limit, and then system starts, and directly mends high-temperature-hot-water to attemperater 13, to reach the purpose of constant temperature water supply.

Claims (5)

1. directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater, it contains fin heat collector (1), blower fan (2), vapour liquid separator (3), compressor (4), defrost magnetic valve (5), throttle capillary tube (6), double-tube heat exchanger (7) and attemperater (13), it is characterized in that:
Between A, described fin heat collector (1) and the compressor (4) vapour liquid separator (3) is set, on the pipeline throttle capillary tube (6) is set between the bottom of this fin heat collector (1) and double-tube heat exchanger (7), defrost magnetic valve (5) is set between the liquid outlet of high-pressure exhaust of this compressor (4) and throttle capillary tube (6), be the high-pressure exhaust that defrost magnetic valve (5) one ends are connected compressor (4), this defrost magnetic valve (5) other end is connected the liquid outlet of throttle capillary tube (6);
B, described double-tube heat exchanger (7) are to adopt countercurrent heat exchange method, be communicated with by pipeline between the top of this double-tube heat exchanger (7) and the top of attemperater (13), also be communicated with between the bottom of this double-tube heat exchanger (7) and the bottom of attemperater (13), and in the connecting pipe of bottom, be provided with circulating electromagnetic valve (10) and water circulating pump (11) successively by pipeline;
Connecting pipe between the bottom of C, described double-tube heat exchanger (7) and the circulating electromagnetic valve (10) is provided with a pipeline in addition and connects with running water through temperature control electromagnetic (8) and hydraulic pressure sense switch (9);
End is provided with water-level probe (12) on D, the described attemperater (13), then is provided with the constant pressure water supply pump (14) with the supply domestic hot-water under the attemperater (13).
2. a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that described blower fan (2) adopts a kind of high-power blower that can regulate power of fan according to environment temperature automatically.
3. a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that described double-tube heat exchanger (7) is the double-tube heat exchanger of countercurrent heat exchange method.
4. a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater according to claim 1, when it is characterized in that described hydraulic pressure sense switch (9) is a kind of no tap water pressure, air-source water heater can not start, and avoids causing the hydraulic pressure sense switch of dry combustion method.
5. a kind of directly-heated thermostatic type air-source water heater according to claim 1 is characterized in that described attemperater (13) is the attemperater of regulating as the buffering of hot water water consumption.
CN 201120111302 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater Expired - Fee Related CN202008224U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120111302 CN202008224U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120111302 CN202008224U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202008224U true CN202008224U (en) 2011-10-12

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ID=44749882

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201120111302 Expired - Fee Related CN202008224U (en) 2011-04-15 2011-04-15 Directly-heated constant temperature type air energy water heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102128494A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-20 株洲市一元实业有限公司 Directly-heated constant-temperature air-powered water heater
CN104296372A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-21 广东碧涞节能设备有限公司 Domestic normal pressure heat pump water heater and control method thereof
CN106016871A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 昆明理工大学 Method and device for restraining low-temperature running frosting of air source heat pump water heater

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102128494A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-07-20 株洲市一元实业有限公司 Directly-heated constant-temperature air-powered water heater
CN104296372A (en) * 2014-10-09 2015-01-21 广东碧涞节能设备有限公司 Domestic normal pressure heat pump water heater and control method thereof
CN106016871A (en) * 2016-05-24 2016-10-12 昆明理工大学 Method and device for restraining low-temperature running frosting of air source heat pump water heater
CN106016871B (en) * 2016-05-24 2018-10-02 昆明理工大学 A kind of method and its device inhibiting air source hot pump water heater cold operation frosting

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C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
ASS Succession or assignment of patent right

Owner name: ZHUZHOU AN GESHI NEW ENERGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER OWNER: ZHUZHOU YIYUAN INDUSTRIAL CO.,LTD.

Effective date: 20140422

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20140422

Address after: 412000 No. 125, Guanghui building, 2103 Jianshe Middle Road, Zhuzhou, Hunan

Patentee after: Zhuzhou Angeshixin Energy Co. Ltd.

Address before: 412000 No. 125, Guanghui building, 2103 Jianshe Middle Road, Zhuzhou, Hunan

Patentee before: Zhuzhou Yiyuan Industrial Co.,Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111012

Termination date: 20140415

C17 Cessation of patent right