CN202660776U - Minitype solar energy combined heat and power system based on loop-type heat pipe - Google Patents

Minitype solar energy combined heat and power system based on loop-type heat pipe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202660776U
CN202660776U CN201220214303XU CN201220214303U CN202660776U CN 202660776 U CN202660776 U CN 202660776U CN 201220214303X U CN201220214303X U CN 201220214303XU CN 201220214303 U CN201220214303 U CN 201220214303U CN 202660776 U CN202660776 U CN 202660776U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
solar
type heat
ring type
solar energy
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201220214303XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张行星
赵旭冬
徐吉浣
于霄童
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SHANGHAI LVJIAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Solar Energy Research Center Co Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANGHAI LVJIAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Shanghai Solar Energy Research Center Co Ltd
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Application filed by SHANGHAI LVJIAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, Shanghai Solar Energy Research Center Co Ltd filed Critical SHANGHAI LVJIAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201220214303XU priority Critical patent/CN202660776U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model discloses a minitype solar energy combined heat and power system based on a loop-type heat pipe. The minitype solar energy combined heat and power system is characterized by comprising a solar energy photovoltaic/photo-thermal integration panel, a heat pump system, a photoelectric control and storage system, and a hot water system, wherein the solar energy photovoltaic/photo-thermal integration panel is composed of a plurality of solar energy pyroelectricity plates which are connected in series, and the heat pump system is composed of a plurality of plate-type heat exchangers, a heat pump compressor, an electronic expansion valve and a condenser; a plurality of plate-type heat exchangers are respectively connected with a plurality of solar energy pyroelectricity plates, and the heat collected by the loop-type heat pipe on the solar energy pyroelectricity plates is sent to the condenser through the heat pump compressor; and the hot water system is composed of a heat preservation water box, a temperature inductor, a hot water valve, a water replenishing valve and the like, wherein the condenser is placed in the heat preservation water box. The minitype solar energy combined heat and power system provided by the utility model utilizes the heat pump system to control the operation temperature of the loop-type heat pipe, and an electrical energy part generated by the system is used for driving the heat pump compressor to operate; and a solar energy adopts a heat energy form to input an evaporation end of a heat pump, and the performance factor of the heat pump system is improved.

Description

A kind of miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of solar thermal electric combined supply device of efficient stable, especially a kind of miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe.
Background technology
At present, solar water heater generally can only provide the domestic hot-water; Photovoltaic cell output at home is very large, but use photovoltaic cell building but seldom, tracing it to its cause is that photoelectric transformation efficiency is low, the investment payback time is long.The conversion efficiency of common photovoltaic cell is about 5~16%.Research finds that the photovoltaic cell operating temperature is higher, and photoelectric transformation efficiency is then lower; If in time with the photovoltaic cell cooling, the waste heat that can not only effectively utilize transfer process to produce, and can improve photoelectric transformation efficiency, thus improve the solar energy composite utilization ratio, greatly reduce the cost of photovoltaic and photothermal, be conducive to large-scale promotion.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing photovoltaic and photothermal solar system on economy and stability, the utility model patent provides a kind of miniature solar thermoelectric coproduction device based on the ring type heat pipe.This device has been widened the effective way of solar photoelectric/photothermal comprehensive utilization, can not only the investment of minimizing system and the space that takies, and can reduce or need not systematic running cost usefulness, the assurance systematic economy, stably move.
The utility model discloses a kind of miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe, it is characterized in that, comprising: photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel, the solar heat electroplax of some series connection forms; Heat pump, formed by several plate type heat exchangers, heat pump compressor, electric expansion valve, condenser, described several plate type heat exchangers connect respectively described several and connect respectively the solar heat electroplax, will send into described condenser by the heat of ring type heat pipe collection by described heat pump compressor on the described solar heat electroplax; Photo-electric control and stocking system; Hot-water heating system is comprised of attemperater, temperature inductor, hot-water valve, moisturizing valve etc., and wherein, described condenser places attemperater.
Reasonable is that described photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel further comprises: some ring type heat pipes, and to fit and be arranged on described solar generator backboard face, its internal working medium absorbs the heat of described solar heat electroplax and sends described plate type heat exchanger to.
Reasonable is that described ring type heat pipe comprises that evaporation endothermic pipe, capillary wick form, its inner liquid/gas attitude working medium circulation loop that forms.
Reasonablely be, described solar heat electroplax further comprises: glass cover-plate, photovoltaic cell, electrically insulating material, heat-conductive assembly, ring type heat pipe and insulation material etc. are packaged in the aluminum alloy frame in the lump, wherein said electrically insulating material adopts the aluminium alloy plate of plated film, and described heat-conductive assembly is selected Ω type tube-sheet type aluminium sheet.
Reasonable is that described photo-electric control and stocking system comprise that further contactor, power sensor, controller for solar, inverter and battery connect to form.
The utility model adopts ring type heat pipe cooling photovoltaic cell, utilizes the operating temperature of heat pump control ring type heat pipe; The electric energy that system produces partly is used to drive heat pump compressor work; And solar energy has improved the coefficient of performance of heat pump with the evaporation ends of the form input heat pump of heat energy.
Description of drawings
Below, with reference to accompanying drawing, for those skilled in the art that, to the detailed description of the present utility model, above and other purpose of the present utility model, feature and advantage will be apparent.
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 (a) is the plane of ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate;
Fig. 2 (b) is the I-I profile of ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate;
Fig. 2 (c) is the II-II profile of ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate.
1-ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate, 2-plate type heat exchanger
3-heat pump compressor, 4-electric expansion valve
5-attemperater, 6-temperature inductor
7-hot-water valve, 8-moisturizing (cold) valve
9-contactor, 10-power sensor
11-controller for solar, 12-inverter
13-battery
The specific embodiment
Miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe of the present utility model as shown in Figure 1.
Native system is divided into four parts:
Below make introductions all round:
First: photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel 100, by the ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate 1 of some series connection;
Second portion: heat pump 200 is comprised of several plate type heat exchangers 2, heat pump compressor 3, electric expansion valve 4, condenser 15, wherein, several plate type heat exchangers 2 connect respectively several and connect respectively solar heat electroplax 1, to send into condenser 15 by the heat of ring type heat pipe collection by heat pump compressor 3 on the solar heat electroplax 1, in this loop, also be provided with electric expansion valve 4.
Third part: photo-electric control and stocking system 300, connected to form by contactor 9, power sensor 10, controller for solar 11, inverter 12 and battery 13, this system consists of the integrated and stocking system of photovoltaic.
The 4th part: hot-water heating system 400, formed by attemperater 5, temperature inductor 6, hot-water valve 7, moisturizing (cold) valve 8, condenser 15 places the attemperater 5 of hot-water heating system.
Fig. 2 (a) has provided the plane of ring type hot pipe solar thermoelectric plate 1, and Fig. 2 (b) and Fig. 2 (c) have provided I-I and the II-II cutaway view of Fig. 2 (a).In the applying of the behind of solar-electricity hot plate 1 some ring type heat pipes 101 are set.
During work, as the part of photo-thermal system, heat pump 200 is connected respectively photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel 100 operations with photo-electric control and stocking system 300.Solar-electricity hot plate 1 will produce electric energy and heat energy after absorbing solar energy simultaneously, and heat energy be sent to the ring type heat pipe 101 of applying, then enter in the plate type heat exchanger 2, carry out heat exchange with the low temperature refrigerant.And entering condenser 15, condenser 15 places attemperater 5, thereby the heat energy of solar-electricity hot plate 1 is sent in the attemperater 5 with the hot water form at last.After the water temperature of attemperater 5 reaches user's desired level, hot water can be delivered to the user by hot-water valve 7, moisturizing (cold) valve 8 of hot-water heating system 400.Temperature inductor 6 and power sensor 10 be hot water amount and the electric degree of real-time display system generation respectively.Each part capacity of system is decided by the engineering actual conditions.This heat pump 200 after evaporation heat collection water tank 5 obtains low-temperature heat quantity, produces HTHP working medium and condensation water storage tank cold water heat exchange by heat pump compressor 3 by working medium, finishes the hot water heating process.
Simultaneously, as the part of photovoltaic system, when 1 work of solar heat electroplax, instantaneous electric energy enters controller for solar 11 by contactor 9 connections, the Partial DC electricity directly is stored in the battery 13, and another part passes through inverter 12 changing voltages for load.
In the utility model, photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel 1 is that glass cover-plate, photovoltaic cell, electrically insulating material, heat-conductive assembly, ring type heat pipe and insulation material etc. are packaged in the aluminum alloy frame in the lump, realizes safely solar energy is converted to simultaneously the equipment of electric energy and heat energy.Electrically insulating material wherein adopts the aluminium alloy plate of plated film, and heat-conductive assembly is selected Ω type tube-sheet type aluminium sheet; Ring type heat pipe 101 mainly is comprised of evaporation endothermic pipe, capillary wick, liquid/gas attitude working medium circulation loop and plate type heat exchanger.
When this photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel was worked, plate type heat exchanger 2 tightly was adsorbed on below the photovoltaic cell, farthest absorbed the waste heat that photovoltaic cell produces, and simultaneously evaporation sticks to the working medium on the capillary wick, and it is become gaseous state from liquid state.Under the effect of steam buoyancy, gaseous working medium enters the gaseous state loop, flows to plate type heat exchanger by loop.In plate type heat exchanger, the gaseous working medium isothermal is condensed into liquid state, and release heat is in the heat pump refrigerant working medium of another loop simultaneously.Under action of gravitation, liquid condensed working medium is returned liquid loop owing to Action of Gravity Field, and carries out circulation next time by capillary wick inflow capillary heat pipe.
The main technical scheme of the utility model is: adopt ring type heat pipe cooling photovoltaic cell, utilize the operating temperature of heat pump control ring type heat pipe; The electric energy that system produces partly is used to drive heat pump compressor work; And solar energy has improved the coefficient of performance of heat pump with the evaporation ends of the form input heat pump of heat energy.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The first, co-generation unit, solar energy composite efficient is high; The second, the required solar energy erection space of system reduces, initial cost reduces; The 3rd, solar heat electroplax low-temperature working, photoelectric efficiency improves, heat loss reduces; The 4th, the heat pump Energy Efficiency Ratio is high, and systematic running cost is very low, and the 5th, system architecture is simple, and is stable, and with low cost.
Above all embodiment are only for illustration of the utility model, but not to restriction of the present utility model, person skilled in the relevant technique, in the situation that do not break away from spirit and scope of the present utility model, can also make various conversion or variation, so all technical schemes that are equal to also should belong to category of the present utility model and should be limited by each claim.

Claims (5)

1. the miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe is characterized in that, comprising:
Photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel, the solar heat electroplax of some series connection forms;
Heat pump, formed by several plate type heat exchangers, heat pump compressor, electric expansion valve, condenser, described several plate type heat exchangers connect respectively described several and connect respectively the solar heat electroplax, will send into described condenser by the heat of ring type heat pipe collection by described heat pump compressor on the described solar heat electroplax;
Photo-electric control and stocking system;
Hot-water heating system is comprised of attemperater, temperature inductor, hot-water valve, moisturizing valve etc.,
Wherein, described condenser places attemperater.
2. the miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe according to claim 1 is characterized in that,
Described photovoltaic/photo-thermal integrated panel further comprises: some ring type heat pipes, and to fit and be arranged on described solar generator backboard face, its internal working medium absorbs the heat of described solar heat electroplax and sends described plate type heat exchanger to.
3. the miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe according to claim 2 is characterized in that,
Described ring type heat pipe comprises that evaporation endothermic pipe, capillary wick form, its inner liquid/gas attitude working medium circulation loop that forms.
4. the miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe according to claim 3 is characterized in that,
Described solar heat electroplax further comprises: glass cover-plate, photovoltaic cell, electrically insulating material, heat-conductive assembly, ring type heat pipe and insulation material etc. are packaged in the aluminum alloy frame in the lump, wherein said electrically insulating material adopts the aluminium alloy plate of plated film, and described heat-conductive assembly is selected Ω type tube-sheet type aluminium sheet.
5. the miniature solar cogeneration system based on the ring type heat pipe according to claim 4 is characterized in that,
Described photo-electric control and stocking system comprise that further contactor, power sensor, controller for solar, inverter and battery connect to form.
CN201220214303XU 2012-05-11 2012-05-11 Minitype solar energy combined heat and power system based on loop-type heat pipe Expired - Fee Related CN202660776U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103117321A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-05-22 唐玉敏 Cooling system for photovoltaic power generation module
CN103594538A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-19 南通星昀能源科技有限公司 Solar photoelectric photo-thermal integrated assembly and solar combined heat and power generation system thereof
CN103836835A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-04 西安交通大学苏州研究院 Solar heat pump cogeneration system
CN104748407A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 大连理工大学 Solar energy thermoelectricity co-generation and co-supply system
CN105466015A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-06 唐玉敏 Enthalpy supplementing system for utilizing abnormally-gathered-state heat

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103117321A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-05-22 唐玉敏 Cooling system for photovoltaic power generation module
CN103594538A (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-02-19 南通星昀能源科技有限公司 Solar photoelectric photo-thermal integrated assembly and solar combined heat and power generation system thereof
CN103594538B (en) * 2013-11-20 2015-11-25 南通星昀能源科技有限公司 Solar photoelectric and light-heat integration assembly and solar cogeneration system thereof
CN103836835A (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-06-04 西安交通大学苏州研究院 Solar heat pump cogeneration system
CN103836835B (en) * 2013-12-30 2016-04-20 西安交通大学苏州研究院 Solar heat pump co-generation unit
CN104748407A (en) * 2015-03-04 2015-07-01 大连理工大学 Solar energy thermoelectricity co-generation and co-supply system
CN105466015A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-06 唐玉敏 Enthalpy supplementing system for utilizing abnormally-gathered-state heat

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130109

Termination date: 20190511

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee