CN101586881B - Heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system - Google Patents

Heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101586881B
CN101586881B CN2009100293853A CN200910029385A CN101586881B CN 101586881 B CN101586881 B CN 101586881B CN 2009100293853 A CN2009100293853 A CN 2009100293853A CN 200910029385 A CN200910029385 A CN 200910029385A CN 101586881 B CN101586881 B CN 101586881B
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China
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heat
housed
solar
shell
casing
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CN2009100293853A
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CN101586881A (en
Inventor
李勇强
姜春来
李勇良
李靖
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C-Solar New Energy Technology Ltd.
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WUXI YIKAISHUNDE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Abstract

The invention relates to a heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system, which converts solar light and heat energy into electrical energy, heat energy and other energy sources required for production and living. The system comprises a solar superconducting heat collection device, a cryogenic fluid energy conversion device, a combined type multi-heat source instantaneous water heater, a multi-heat source superconducting heater, a full automatic sensor controller, a gas-liquid separator and a recirculation pump; the solar superconducting heat collection device is connected with the cryogenic fluid energy conversion device, the combined type multi-heat source instantaneous water heater and the multi-heat source superconducting heater through pipes and solenoid electric valves I respectively; an air outlet of the cryogenic fluid energy conversion device is connected with the combined type multi-heat source instantaneous water heater and the gas-liquid separator through solenoid electric valves II and pipes respectively; a medium outlet of the combined type multi-heat source instantaneous water heater is connected with the multi-heat source superconducting heater and the gas-liquid separator through pipes and solenoid electric valves III respectively; and gas in the gas-liquid separator is connected with the medium circulation interface of the solar superconducting heatcollection device through a pipe.

Description

Heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system, is the required electric energy of productive life, heat energy equal energy source with solar energy and thermal power transfer.
Background technology
Current, many countries are formulating medium-term and long-term solar energy development plan, and preparing more has some developed countries to come into effect " solar engineering " at 21st century large-scale development solar energy, and solar energy utilization and building are combined together.In middle period 21st century, nuclear energy, solar energy, water energy, wind energy will become the pillar of world energy sources.With regard to solar energy, solar energy is per to shine enough human the use a year and a day of energy of earth surface in 15 minutes, the area of China 2/3rds, its day amount of radiation can reach 1000W/m 2, solar energy resources is very abundant.
At present, solar energy power generating, solar energy heating generating, solar water heater, solar energy air heat collector are shown up prominently.Solar cell and solar water heater have entered commercial development.Otherwise solar energy utilization, the present eve that also is in suitability for industrialized production.
Existing in the world solar heat power station is all used tower, many face condensers are set on the ground, with different directions sunlight collection is got up from different perspectives, concentrate and to reflex on a high top of tower boiler dedicated, water in the boiler is heated and becomes high steam, by the steam drive steam turbine, drive generator by steam turbine again and generate electricity.The problem of the maximum that this kind solar heat power station power generation mode exists is the input cost height, be common thermoelectricity 5-10 doubly, conversion efficiency is low in addition, and it is big to take up room, can not adapt to especially that national governments advocate with the architecture-integral engineering on application.
By retrieval, the LETG device of solar generating of the 1MW of in February, 2008 U.S. GWS company research and development utilizes the generating of Cryo Heat Tube principle.Also only rest on development.At present, use more solar energy photovoltaic generator, shortcoming is more, such as: the cost of investment height is difficult for popularizing; And the initial preparation of silicon system belongs to the industry of high pollution, highly energy-consuming, and environment is had a strong impact on.The about 3.5-4.5 unit/kilowatt hour of the rate for incorporation into the power network of solar electrical energy generation is more than 10 times of common thermal power generation rate for incorporation into the power network, and so high expense is difficult to popularize at present, and its occupation rate of market is not high also unavoidable.Along with the development of society, press for the more more perfect solar energy converting systems of exploitation, solve energy crisis.
Further do not finding product or the document similar or close in the retrieval to the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at above-mentioned weak point, a kind of heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system is provided, and this system makes full use of the solar radiant energy of dispersion, is converted to electric energy, heat energy or drives other machinery, improve solar energy utilization ratio, have unrivaled advantage.
Heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system takes following scheme to realize: heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system comprises the superconduction warmer of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device, cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, many thermals source, full-automatic sensing controler, gas-liquid separator, circulating pump.Solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device links to each other with the superconduction warmer of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, many thermals source respectively with solenoid electric valve I by pipeline.The exhaust outlet of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device links to each other with gas-liquid separator with combined multi-heat source rapid water heater respectively with pipeline by solenoid electric valve II, the media outlet of combined multi-heat source rapid water heater links to each other with gas-liquid separator with the superconduction warmer of many thermals source respectively with pipeline by solenoid electric valve III, and the media outlet of the superconduction warmer of many thermals source links to each other with gas-liquid separator.Gas vent in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with the solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device medium circulation interface by pipeline, liquid outlet in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with pump inlet by pipeline, and circulating-pump outlet links to each other with the medium circulation interface of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device by pipeline.
Described solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device adopts plate type solar heat collector or vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors.
Described plate type solar heat collector comprises flat metal heat exchanger, connecting plate, heat-insulation layer and casing.The flat metal heat exchanger comprises metal fever exchange substrate, superconductive medium storage pipe, dry pipe, superconductive medium; Metal fever exchange substrate is provided with how protruding fluid passage, and top, how protruding fluid passage is connected with dry pipe, and bottom, how protruding fluid passage is connected with superconductive medium storage pipe.Metal heat exchanger and heat-insulation layer sealing and fixing after the installation, are injected with superconductive medium in superconductive medium storage pipe in casing.
Described vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors comprise glass tube with vacuum or solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube, superconductive medium, evaporimeter, frame, upper shell and lower casing body.
Evaporimeter has totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing, the heat dissipation metal of curve special more than some pipe is housed in totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing, the pipe of curve special heat dissipation metal more than some lower end is fixed on totally-enclosed pressure-bearing bottom half by the heat-exchange tube connector, end socket is equipped with in this pipe upper end, in the totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing fluid media (medium) is housed, said fluid media (medium) can adopt superconductive medium, water or air.Totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing is provided with vaporization channel interface and medium circulation interface.Totally-enclosed high-pressure tank external body is equipped with upper shell, between upper shell and totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing heat-insulation layer is housed.
Many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube upper end is fixed with connector, this connector is tightly connected by the connector of screw or connecting thread and many curve specials metal fever exchange lower end, vacuumizing joint is equipped with in many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube lower end, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube is communicated with many curve specials heat dissipation metal seal of tube in the evaporimeter, is filled with superconductive medium after vacuumizing by vacuumizing joint.
Glass tube with vacuum or solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe are sleeved on many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube outside, and by the sealing strip sealing, the solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe lower end is fixed on the spacing pad of lower house.Between upper shell and the lower house frame is housed, upper shell and lower house is connected and fixed by frame.
Described cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device comprises cylinder body, shell body, runner and runner shaft.Shell body is equipped with in the cylinder body outside, and the shell body left and right sides is equipped with left end cap and right end cap respectively, and shell body is provided with air inlet and exhaust outlet; Cylinder body is made up of cylinder body I and cylinder body I I, be provided with the cylinder chamber in the cylinder body, the cylinder chamber is off-centre operation arc cylinder chamber, cylinder is equipped with runner in the chamber, runner is installed on the runner shaft, cylinder body is provided with inlet channel and exhaust passage, and inlet channel is connected with the air inlet and the exhaust outlet of shell body setting respectively with the exhaust passage.Cylinder body is provided with residual gas and condensate outlet.
Runner comprises some profile of tooth blade body, slide block, sleeve and sleeve end cap.Some profile of tooth blade body are housed on the sleeve excircle, are provided with slide block slot between two profile of tooth blade body, slide block is housed in slide block slot, at the sleeve two ends sleeve end cap is housed, the sleeve center is fixedly mounted on the runner shaft by sleeve end cap and key pin.
The runner shaft two ends are installed in respectively on left end cap and the right end cap by bearing, at the left end cap and the right end cap outside left bearing lid and right bearing lid are housed respectively, at the runner shaft clutch end seal disc are housed.Seal disc can adopt the labyrinth ring seals dish.On runner shaft several runners can be housed, some runners are contained in respectively in the different big or small cylinder bodies.The profile of tooth blade body is fan-shaped, hollow, and profile of tooth blade body arc surface is provided with several profile of tooth blades.
Described combined multi-heat source rapid water heater combined multi-heat source rapid water heater comprises shell body, heat-insulation layer, pressure-bearing casing, heat-exchange device, quick electric heater unit, safety valve, pressure-bearing casing water inlet water inlet, pressure-bearing casing delivery port and control panel.The external shell body that is equipped with of high-pressure tank, between shell body and the pressure-bearing casing heat-insulation layer is housed, in the pressure-bearing casing heat-exchange device is housed, the fast electric heating device is housed in the heat-insulation layer between pressure-bearing casing and shell body, in shell body one side control panel is housed, display, indicator lamp, gauge tap, trim button are housed on the control panel.Described indicator lamp comprises the work indication, the indication of reporting to the police.Described display adopts LCDs.On pressure-bearing casing top safety valve is housed, the pressure-bearing casing is provided with water inlet and pressure-bearing casing delivery port.
The superconduction warmer of described many thermals source comprises special-shaped radiating tube, upper ledge, control panel, electric heater unit, heat-exchange device, casing, vacuumizes interface, superconductive medium and supporting frame.Upper cover is equipped with in upper end at special-shaped radiating tube, in the lower end of special-shaped radiating tube lower contact is housed, and many special-shaped radiating tubes dock with casing by lower contact, between the many special-shaped radiating tubes limited block is housed, and vacuumizes interface and is installed on casing one side.Electric heater unit and heat-exchange device are housed in the casing, and casing links to each other with upper ledge by the supported on both sides frame.Control panel is installed on frame one side, and display, indicator lamp, gauge tap are housed on the control panel.
Described gas-liquid separator adopts commercially available ST type high efficient gas and liquid separator.
It is 2-2 superconductive medium (Weifang City, Shandong China rich new product research institute produces), low temperature conduction oil and conductive fluid that described superconductive medium adopts commercially available model, and this conductive fluid is vaporized rapidly when 35 ℃ to 50 ℃ left and right sides of low temperature.Under negative pressure condition, start-up temperature is lower.Starting under the electrically heated state, heat energy constantly distributes, and makes superconductive medium absorb heat rapidly to heat up to move upward vaporization and boiling along inside pipe wall, and speed is more than tens of times of water.
Operation principle
When adopting the plate type solar heat collector, the coating for selective absorption of flat metal heat exchanger outside converges the interior superconductive medium of heated plate metal heat exchanger to the solar radiant energy that disperses, after reaching certain entry condition, boiling and vaporization heat up rapidly, after the bog that produces enters discharge, by bog outlet ejection.
When adopting vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors, the coating for selective absorption of solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe inwall, the solar radiant energy that disperses is converged on the many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube outer wall that is arranged in the pipe, the coating for selective absorption of this pipe outer wall absorbs heat rapidly and passes to the interior superconductive medium of pipe, makes it rapid intensification; When the superconductive medium in many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube reaches certain entry condition, vaporization rapidly, and rise along inside pipe wall, enter the many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube in the evaporimeter, because there is temperature difference in the inside and outside both sides of many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube, make the cold and hot exchange of fluid media (medium) (superconductive medium, water or air etc.) that bog and evaporimeter are interior.Evaporimeter inner fluid medium is heated up and vaporization, enter the vaporization passage, spouting.
Bog from the solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device ejection under the control of supporting with it full-automatic sensing controler, enters the cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device air inlet by pipeline and solenoid electric valve I.Enter cylinder interior by air inlet through inlet channel, act on the profile of tooth blade of profile of tooth blade body and make it rotation, simultaneously, slide block between any two fan-shaped profile of tooth blade body is rotation thereupon also, and under action of centrifugal force, with the inboard wall of cylinder block friction, not only form relatively independent fan-shaped container chamber, and it is poor to have strengthened the cross section.Subsequently, gas is discharged via exhaust passage and exhaust outlet, finishes the process of primary energy conversion.The power of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device output can be used for driving machineries such as generator and pump, blower fan, compressor, but both direct connection drove high speed machine (high-speed engine, express pump or high-speed fan also can drive low-speed machinery by decelerator.When driving generator for electricity generation, for AC load work, unnecessary electric energy deposits storage facilities in by rectifier.
Cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device is discharged gas and is entered heat-exchange device in the pressure-bearing casing by solenoid electric valve II and pipeline by the thermal source import of combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, realizes heat exchange with the water in the pressure-bearing casing, the water in the heating pressure-bearing casing.And by waste heat recovery outlet discharge.Tentatively heat or have water in the pressure-bearing casing of after-heat through solar energy, enter in many curved protrusion of quick electric water heater device between the pipe and many curved protrusion outer tube in the formation fluid cavity.Superconductive medium in the superconductive medium storage cylinder is through electric heater for heating, vaporization rapidly, rise along many curved protrusion inner tube wall, and be delivered to many curved protrusion outer wall of inner tube in heat conducting mode, with in many curved protrusion and the water in many curved protrusion outer tube fluid cavity realize the Rapid Thermal exchange, cooled condensate liquid falls back to the bottom, reheats, vaporizes, realizes circulation, and the hot water that heated through quick electric heater unit provides the user to use by hot water outlet.
Enter the superconduction warmer of many thermals source by Media Interface Connector by solenoid electric valve III and pipeline, by heat-exchange tube the superconductive medium in the casing is heated, superconductive medium is vaporization rapidly, be diffused into each position of special-shaped radiating tube inner chamber, outwards dispel the heat by special-shaped radiating tube, be used for heating, the bog after catching a cold is liquefied as and drips shape falling bottom, enter the thermal treatment zone, realize circulation.Refrigerating gas in the heat-exchange tube is discharged through another Media Interface Connector, enters gas-liquid separator.
Gas in the gas-liquid separator directly is input to the medium circulation interface of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device by pipeline, liquid in the gas-liquid separator is input to the medium circulation interface of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device under the effect of circulating pump, enter the circulation of next round.
According to requirements of different users, the bog that solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device produces can have the different flow directions to meet consumers' demand under the control of full-automatic sensing controler.
Solar energy electric heating converting system has the following advantages:
Solar energy has a lot of advantages as a kind of inexhaustible natural resources, and it does not have the restriction land of region still is that the ocean all is everywhere, and can directly develop, and not pollute the environment, be one of energy that cleans most.
System of the present invention comprises the superconduction warmer of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device, cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, many thermals source, full-automatic sensing controler, gas-liquid separator, circulating pump, and is reasonable in design, structure is perfect.
1, adopt superconductive medium, transmission speed is fast, and superconductive medium is vaporized rapidly when 35 ℃ to 50 ℃ left and right sides of low temperature, and under negative pressure condition, start-up temperature is lower, and its transmission speed is more than tens of times of water.The system of all-sealed structure makes that cryogen working medium is difficult for revealing long service life; Superconductive medium does not have any corrosion to the device in the system, therefore can satisfy various occasion differences, satisfies different instructions for uses.
2, heat exchange area is big, is 1.5-2 times of same specification tubular.All heat-exchange device structures such as many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube and special-shaped radiating tube, all adopt the metal tube of the many curved protrusion that form inside and outside increase-volume or the metallic plate of many curved protrusion, make the heat energy of high-temperature region be delivered to low-temperature space rapidly, realize the Rapid Thermal exchange.
3, heat utilization efficiency height, luminous energy and heat energy have been made full use of, behind cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, its outputting power applied range, can be used for driving machineries such as generator and pump, blower fan, compressor, (but high-speed engine, express pump or high-speed fan also can drive low-speed machinery by decelerator to direct connection driving high speed machine again.What deserves to be mentioned is that runner shaft output and cam, linkage combination are used, and make rotating mechanical energy be converted into the reciprocating machine energy, waste heat can also be widely used in heating, and water heater etc. satisfy the electricity consumption of productive life water.
4, simple and compact for structure, small investment, low cost of manufacture, only be 1/10th of photovoltaic generation, easily popularize.At last, the making of each parts and overall operation in the system do not produce greenhouse gases and other harmful substances, environmentally safe, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
5, electricity separation, security performance height, be difficult for scaling, long service life: in the pressure bearing stored water tank in the combined multi-heat source rapid water heater heat-exchange device only is set, no electric heating tube.Electric heating tube in the electric heater unit adopts two sleeve pipe forms fast, and water does not directly contact with electric heating tube, is difficult for scaling, thermal efficiency height, long service life.
6, using water wisely makes full use of the energy: the combined multi-heat source rapid hot water reasonably is used in combination solar water heater and quick electric heater unit, and making does not need preheating, and instant-heating need not to wait for that the heat in the time of can not producing insulation simultaneously is lost.Water in the pressure-bearing casing tentatively heats owing to passing through bog, and reaches certain temperature, is heating energy savings via the quick electric water heater device.
7, meet the requirement of greatly developing " solar energy industry " that government advocates, no matter be incorporated into the power networks, from the net industrial field, particularly in architecture-integral industry process, more can bring into play the contribution of its brilliance, bring more benefits and enjoyment to common people.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below with reference to accompanying drawing
Fig. 1 is the heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device embodiment 1 schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device embodiment 2 schematic diagrames of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device structural front view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device structure A-A cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a combined multi-heat source rapid hot water structural front view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a combined multi-heat source rapid hot water structure A-A cutaway view of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the superconduction warmer structure front view of many thermals source of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
With reference to accompanying drawing 1-8, heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system comprises the superconduction warmer 4 of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device 1, cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device 2, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater 3, many thermals source, full-automatic sensing controler, gas-liquid separator, circulating pump.Solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device 1 links to each other with the superconduction warmer 4 of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device 2, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater 3, many thermals source respectively with solenoid electric valve I by pipeline.The exhaust outlet 2-7 of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device 2 links to each other with gas-liquid separator with combined multi-heat source rapid water heater 3 respectively with pipeline by solenoid electric valve II, the media outlet 3-16 of combined multi-heat source rapid water heater 3 links to each other with gas-liquid separator with the superconduction warmer 4 of many thermals source respectively with pipeline by solenoid electric valve III, and the media outlet 4-7 of the superconduction warmer 4 of many thermals source links to each other with gas-liquid separator.Gas vent in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device 1 medium circulation interface 1-7 by pipeline, liquid outlet in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with pump inlet by pipeline, and circulating-pump outlet links to each other by the medium circulation interface 1-7 of pipeline with solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device 1.
Described solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device 1 adopts plate type solar heat collector or vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors.
Described plate type solar heat collector comprises flat metal heat exchanger 1-20, heat-insulation layer 1-16 and casing 1-22.Flat metal heat exchanger 1-20 comprises metal fever exchange substrate, superconductive medium storage pipe 1-25, dry pipe 1-17, superconductive medium 1-26; Metal fever exchange substrate is provided with how protruding fluid passage 1-21, and 1-21 top, how protruding fluid passage is connected with dry pipe 1-17, and 1-21 bottom, how protruding fluid passage is connected with superconductive medium storage pipe 1-25.Metal heat exchanger 1-20 and heat-insulation layer 1-16 sealing and fixing after the installation, are injected with superconductive medium 1-26 in superconductive medium storage pipe 1-25 in casing 1-22.
Described vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors comprise glass tube with vacuum or solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 1-14, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube 1-8, superconductive medium 1-10, evaporimeter, frame 1-9, upper shell 1-1 and lower casing body 1-13.
Evaporimeter has totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4, the heat dissipation metal of curve special more than some pipe 1-5 is housed in totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4, the pipe of curve special heat dissipation metal more than some 1-5 lower end is fixed on totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4 bottom by the heat-exchange tube connector, end socket is equipped with in this pipe upper end, in the totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4 fluid media (medium) 1-6 is housed, said fluid media (medium) 1-6 can adopt superconductive medium, water or air.Totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4 is provided with vaporization channel interface 1-2 and medium circulation interface 1-7.Totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4 is equipped with upper shell 1-1 in the outside, between upper shell 1-1 and totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing 1-4 heat-insulation layer 1-3 is housed.
Many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube 1-8 upper end is fixed with connector, this connector is tightly connected by the connector of screw or connecting thread and many curve specials metal fever exchange 1-8 lower end, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube 1-8 is equipped with vacuumizing joint 1-11 in the lower end, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube 1-8 is communicated with many curve specials heat dissipation metal pipe 1-5 sealing in the evaporimeter, is filled with superconductive medium 1-10 after vacuumizing by vacuumizing joint 1-11.
Glass tube with vacuum or solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 1-14 are sleeved on many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube 1-8 outside, and by the sealing strip sealing, solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe 1-14 lower end is fixed on the spacing pad 1-12 of lower house 1-13.Between upper shell 1-1 and the lower house 1-13 frame 1-9 is housed, upper shell 1-1 and lower house 1-13 is connected and fixed by frame 1-9.
Described cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device 2 comprises cylinder body, shell body 2-1, runner and runner shaft 2-18.Shell body 2-1 is equipped with in the cylinder body outside, and shell body 2-1 is equipped with the left and right sides left end cap 2-22 and right end cap 2-3 respectively, and shell body 2-1 is provided with air inlet 2-12 and exhaust outlet 2-7; Cylinder body is made up of cylinder body I 2-2 and cylinder body I I 2-15, be provided with the cylinder chamber in the cylinder body, the cylinder chamber is off-centre operation arc cylinder chamber, cylinder is equipped with runner in the chamber, cylinder body is provided with inlet channel 2-13 and exhaust passage 2-6, and inlet channel 2-13 is connected with air inlet 2-12 and the exhaust outlet 2-7 that shell body 2-1 is provided with respectively with exhaust passage 2-6.Cylinder body is provided with residual gas and condensate outlet 2-11.
Runner comprises some profile of tooth blade body 2-10, slide block 2-4, sleeve 2-8 and sleeve end caps.Some profile of tooth blade body 2-10 are housed on sleeve 2-8 excircle, between two profile of tooth blade body 2-10, be provided with slide block slot, slide block 2-4 is housed in slide block slot, at sleeve 2-8 two ends the sleeve end cap is housed, sleeve 2-8 center is fixedly mounted on the runner shaft 2-18 by sleeve end cap and key pin.
Runner shaft 2-18 two ends are installed in respectively on left end cap 2-22 and the right end cap 2-3 by bearing, at the left end cap 2-22 and the right end cap 2-3 outside left bearing lid 2-20 and right bearing lid 2-19 are housed respectively, at runner shaft 2-18 clutch end seal disc 2-17 are housed.Seal disc 2-17 can adopt the labyrinth ring seals dish.On runner shaft 2-18 several runners can be housed, some runners are contained in respectively in the different big or small cylinder bodies.Profile of tooth blade body 2-10 is fan-shaped, hollow, and profile of tooth blade body 2-10 arc surface is provided with several profile of tooth blades 2-5.
Described combined multi-heat source rapid water heater 3 comprises shell body 3-6, heat-insulation layer 3-2, pressure-bearing casing 3-7, heat-exchange device 3-9, quick electric heater unit 3-8, safety valve 3-3, pressure-bearing casing water inlet 3-11, pressure-bearing casing delivery port 3-15 and control panel.Pressure-bearing casing 3-7 is equipped with shell body 3-6 outward, between shell body 3-6 and the pressure-bearing casing 3-7 heat-insulation layer 3-2 is housed, in the pressure-bearing casing 3-7 heat-exchange device 3-9 is housed, fast electric heating device 3-8 is housed in the heat-insulation layer 3-2 between pressure-bearing casing 3-7 and shell body 3-6, in shell body 3-6 one side control panel is housed, display, indicator lamp, gauge tap, trim button are housed on the control panel.Described indicator lamp comprises the work indication, the indication of reporting to the police.Described display adopts LCDs.On pressure-bearing casing 3-7 top safety valve 3-3 is housed, pressure-bearing casing 3-7 is provided with water inlet 3-11 and pressure-bearing casing delivery port 3-15.
The superconduction warmer 4 of described many thermals source comprises special-shaped radiating tube 4-1, upper ledge 4-3, control panel 4-5, electric heater unit, heat-exchange device, casing 4-9, vacuumizes interface 4-12, superconductive medium 4-13 and supporting frame 4-14.In the upper end of special-shaped radiating tube 4-1 upper cover 4-4 is housed, in the lower end of special-shaped radiating tube 4-1 lower contact 4-8 is housed, many special-shaped radiating tube 4-1 dock with casing 4-9 by lower contact 4-8, between the many special-shaped radiating tube 4-1 limited block 4-2 is housed, vacuumizes interface 4-12 and be installed on casing 4-9 one side.Electric heater unit and heat-exchange device are housed in the casing 4-9, and casing 4-9 links to each other with upper ledge 4-3 by supported on both sides frame 4-14.Control panel is installed on frame 4-14 one side, and display, indicator lamp, gauge tap are housed on the control panel.
The ST type high efficient gas and liquid separator that described gas-liquid separator adopts Shanghai strainer electricity Science and Technology Ltd. to produce.
It is 2-2 superconductive medium (Weifang City, Shandong China rich new product research institute produces), low temperature conduction oil and conductive fluid that described superconductive medium adopts commercially available model, and this conductive fluid is vaporized rapidly when 35 ℃ to 50 ℃ left and right sides of low temperature.Under negative pressure condition, start-up temperature is lower.Starting under the electrically heated state, heat energy constantly distributes, and makes superconductive medium absorb heat rapidly to heat up to move upward vaporization and boiling along inside pipe wall, and speed is more than tens of times of water.
The commercially available supporting full-automatic sensing controler of described full-automatic sensing controler comprises temperature sensor, pressure sensor, flow sensor, single-chip microcomputer, control circuit board.
Described circulating pump adopts MP type series circulating pump.
Described solenoid electric valve I, solenoid electric valve II, solenoid electric valve III can adopt GHD45X series solenoid electric valve.

Claims (10)

1. a heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system is characterized in that comprising the superconduction warmer of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device, cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, many thermals source, full-automatic sensing controler, gas-liquid separator, circulating pump and generator; Solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device links to each other with the superconduction warmer of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device, combined multi-heat source rapid water heater, many thermals source respectively with the solenoid electric valve I by pipeline; The exhaust outlet of cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device links to each other with gas-liquid separator with combined multi-heat source rapid water heater respectively with pipeline by the solenoid electric valve II, the media outlet of combined multi-heat source rapid water heater links to each other with gas-liquid separator with the superconduction warmer of many thermals source respectively with pipeline by the solenoid electric valve III, and the media outlet of the superconduction warmer of many thermals source links to each other with gas-liquid separator; Gas vent in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with the solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device medium circulation interface by pipeline, liquid outlet in the gas-liquid separator links to each other with pump inlet by pipeline, and circulating-pump outlet links to each other with the medium circulation interface of solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device by pipeline.
2. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described solar heat superconducting heat-gathering device adopts plate type solar heat collector or vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors.
3. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 2 is characterized in that described plate type solar heat collector comprises flat metal heat exchanger, connecting plate, heat-insulation layer and casing; The flat metal heat exchanger comprises metal fever exchange substrate, superconductive medium storage pipe, dry pipe, superconductive medium; Metal fever exchange substrate is provided with how protruding fluid passage, and top, how protruding fluid passage is connected with dry pipe, and bottom, how protruding fluid passage is connected with superconductive medium storage pipe; Metal heat exchanger and heat-insulation layer sealing and fixing are injected with superconductive medium in superconductive medium storage pipe in casing.
4. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 2 is characterized in that described vacuum glass tubular type solar energy collectors comprise solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube, superconductive medium, evaporimeter, frame, upper shell and lower house;
Evaporimeter has totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing, the heat dissipation metal of curve special more than some pipe is housed in totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing, the pipe of curve special heat dissipation metal more than some lower end is fixed on totally-enclosed pressure-bearing bottom half by the heat-exchange tube connector, end socket is equipped with in many curve specials heat dissipation metal pipe upper end, in the totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing fluid media (medium) is housed, totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing is provided with vaporization channel interface and medium circulation interface, totally-enclosed high-pressure tank external body is equipped with upper shell, between upper shell and totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing heat-insulation layer is housed;
Many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube upper end is fixed with connector, this connector is tightly connected by the connector of screw or connecting thread and many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube lower end, vacuumizing joint is equipped with in many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube lower end, many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube is communicated with many curve specials heat dissipation metal seal of tube in the evaporimeter, is filled with superconductive medium after vacuumizing by vacuumizing joint;
Solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe is sleeved on many curve specials metallic heat exchanger tube outside, and by the sealing strip sealing, the solar vacuum heat-collecting pipe lower end is fixed on the spacing pad of lower house; Between upper shell and the lower house frame is housed, upper shell and lower house is connected and fixed by frame.
5. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 4 is characterized in that being equipped with in the described totally-enclosed pressure-bearing casing fluid media (medium) and adopts superconductive medium.
6. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described cryogenic-fluid energy conversion device comprises cylinder body, shell body, runner and runner shaft; Shell body is equipped with in the cylinder body outside, and the shell body left and right sides is equipped with left end cap and right end cap respectively, and shell body is provided with air inlet and exhaust outlet; Cylinder body is made up of cylinder body I and cylinder body II, be provided with the cylinder chamber in the cylinder body, the cylinder chamber is off-centre operation arc cylinder chamber, cylinder is equipped with runner in the chamber, cylinder body is provided with inlet channel and exhaust passage, inlet channel is connected with the air inlet and the exhaust outlet of shell body setting respectively with the exhaust passage, and cylinder body is provided with residual gas and condensate outlet;
Runner comprises some profile of tooth blade body, slide block, sleeve and sleeve end cap; Some profile of tooth blade body are housed on the sleeve excircle, are provided with slide block slot between two profile of tooth blade body, slide block is housed in slide block slot, at the sleeve two ends sleeve end cap is housed, the sleeve center is fixedly mounted on the runner shaft by sleeve end cap and key pin;
The runner shaft two ends are installed in respectively on left end cap and the right end cap by bearing, at the left end cap and the right end cap outside left bearing lid and right bearing lid are housed respectively, at the runner shaft clutch end seal disc are housed.
7. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 6 is characterized in that being equipped with several runners on runner shaft, several runners are contained in respectively in the different big or small cylinder bodies.
8. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 6 is characterized in that the profile of tooth blade body is fan-shaped, hollow, and profile of tooth blade body arc surface is provided with several profile of tooth blades.
9. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described combined multi-heat source rapid water heater comprises shell body, heat-insulation layer, pressure-bearing casing, heat-exchange device, quick electric heater unit, safety valve, pressure-bearing casing water inlet, pressure-bearing casing delivery port and control panel; The external shell body that is equipped with of high-pressure tank, between shell body and the pressure-bearing casing heat-insulation layer is housed, in the pressure-bearing casing heat-exchange device is housed, the fast electric heating device is housed in the heat-insulation layer between pressure-bearing casing and shell body, in shell body one side control panel is housed, safety valve is housed on pressure-bearing casing top.
10. heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the superconduction warmer of described many thermals source comprises special-shaped radiating tube, upper ledge, control panel, electric heater unit, heat-exchange device, casing, vacuumizes interface, superconductive medium and supporting frame; Upper cover is equipped with in upper end at special-shaped radiating tube, in the lower end of special-shaped radiating tube lower contact is housed, and many special-shaped radiating tubes dock with casing by lower contact, between the many special-shaped radiating tubes limited block is housed, and vacuumizes interface and is installed on casing one side; Electric heater unit and heat-exchange device are housed in the casing, and casing links to each other with upper ledge by the supported on both sides frame; Control panel is installed on frame one side, and display, indicator lamp, gauge tap are housed on the control panel.
CN2009100293853A 2009-04-10 2009-04-10 Heat collection type solar photothermoelectric system Expired - Fee Related CN101586881B (en)

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