CN208073689U - A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator - Google Patents

A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208073689U
CN208073689U CN201820328515.8U CN201820328515U CN208073689U CN 208073689 U CN208073689 U CN 208073689U CN 201820328515 U CN201820328515 U CN 201820328515U CN 208073689 U CN208073689 U CN 208073689U
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honeycomb
regenerator
water
fresnel mirror
heat exchange
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CN201820328515.8U
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董泉润
陈玉春
朱日程
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Northwestern Polytechnical University
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Northwestern Polytechnical University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator, it is related to steam circulation power field, luminous energy is collected using integrated Fresnel mirror, regenerator is recycled to increase heat exchange apart from enhanced heat exchange, the present invention is based on the generation modes that steam circulation utilizes solar energy thermal effect, complete substituted single crystal silicon, polycrystalline silicon material, reduce energy consumption, reduce pollution, using honeycomb regenerator, using increase heat exchange distance come enhanced heat exchange, honeycomb will not relate to the problem of flow separation, flow losses caused by thus also being detached there will be no boundary-layer, fluid flows in honeycomb channel, extend heat exchange distance, the two-sided heat exchange of absorber plate carrys out enhanced heat exchange, ensure the higher generating efficiency of generator.

Description

A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator
Technical field
The present invention relates to steam circulation power field, especially a kind of steam circulation generator.
Background technology
Wind energy as clean energy resource is with luminous energy all the time by user market and the weight of national future source of energy strategy Depending on, however due to the limitation of the immature of past technology and innovation idea, lack always in the market really universal and meets more The multinomial energy combination product of item demand.The appearance of wind-light combined power generation system will improve the utilization ratio of clean energy resource, change Stability and multi-environment adaptability that the kind energy provides meets the wide market demand with this.
Photovoltaic generation is always to clean as slogan, but the production of its used silicon tabula rasa needs to consume a large amount of energy Source also will produce prodigious pollution.And use and generate electricity using solar energy as the steam circulation of heat source, it is high, dirty not need Energy in use Contaminate big monocrystalline silicon, polycrystalline silicon material photovoltaic panel, the characteristics of really having played solar energy clean energy resource.In design aspect, adopt With the design philosophy of innovation, light energy collection device and generator are linked together by cleverly Machine Design, it is even more logical The material selection for promoting product to the analysis of product real-world environment is crossed, the link of part is promoted.To on the whole, carry The technical merit of product is risen.Ensure the novelty of product technology, technical and sustainability.
In terms of focused solar energy, traditional solar steam machine generation mode mainly has slot type and tower, such as invents special Profit《A kind of scene cogeneration machine》(the patent No.:CN106870199A it is exactly the metal square plate air return heating device for hot used in), changes The thermal efficiency is relatively low, limits the rotating effect of Stirling-electric hybrid.Such as patent of invention《Tower type solar energy thermal power generation with two-stage heat-storage System》(the patent No.:CN200710175970.5 it is exactly the tower thermal-arrest array used in), can ensures largely to collect Luminous energy, but floor space is larger, the sun light reflecting board later stage debugging maintenance operational difficulties of dispersion, overall economic efficiency is not It is high.
Invention content
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of bled steam steam with integrated Fresnel mirror Circulating generator is generated electricity based on steam rankine cycle using the fuel factor of solar energy, the photovoltaic for avoiding Energy in use high pollution big Plate utmostly collects luminous energy using integrated Fresnel mirror, using increase heat exchange distance come enhanced heat exchange, honeycomb regenerator The problem of will not relate to flow separation, thus also there will be no flow losses caused by boundary-layer separation, ensure that generator is higher Generating efficiency.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problems is as follows:
A kind of bled steam steam circulation generator with integrated Fresnel mirror and labyrinth claustra regenerator, including phenanthrene Nie Er mirrors, pot body, heat conductive filament, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps, No. three water pumps, No.1 honeycomb regenerator, No. two honeycomb regenerators, Condenser, steam turbine and generator;
Wherein pot body is connected by gas/liquid pipeline with steam turbine;The output end of steam turbine connects generator;Steam turbine Discharge duct connects pot body after being sequentially connected condenser, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps;In No.1 water pump and No. two No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb backheats are separately connected on pipeline between water pump between No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps The jet chimney of device, steam turbine is connected with No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators respectively, the Fresnel mirror with Boiler is connected.
The outside of the No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators is the babinet of cylindrical structure, and inside is honeycomb Structure, the front and back perforation in honeycomb regenerator inside, there is the rubber washer of anti-gas-leak between the lid and babinet of honeycomb regenerator.
The boiler bottom meets helical metal heat conductive filament, and heating steaming is carried out to the water in boiler by heat transfer and radiation Hair.
The pot body is equipped with oral siphon, outlet pipe and water-level gauge, and water-level gauge is mounted on boiler side walls, and height covering boiler Interior liquid height, staff can safeguard and monitor at any time boiler working condition.
The pipe design of the condenser is back-shaped, while being backheat oil in pipeline.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are a kind of generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator proposed by the present invention, Using the generation mode for utilizing solar energy thermal effect based on steam circulation, complete substituted single crystal silicon, polycrystalline silicon material reduce production Energy consumption reduces pollution.Using honeycomb regenerator, using heat exchange distance is increased come enhanced heat exchange, honeycomb will not relate to The problem of flow separation, thus also there will be no flow losses caused by boundary-layer separation.Fluid flows in honeycomb channel It is dynamic, heat exchange distance is extended, the two-sided heat exchange of absorber plate carrys out enhanced heat exchange, ensures the higher generating efficiency of generator.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is bled steam steam circulation generator overall structure figure.
Fig. 2 is boiler plant overall structure figure.
Fig. 3 is honeycomb regenerator internal structure chart.
Wherein:1- boiler plants;2,4,6- water pumps;3,5- honeycombs regenerator;7- condensers;8- generators;9- vapour Turbine;10- pot bodys;11- heat conductive filaments;12- Fresnel mirrors;13- oral siphons;14- outlet pipes;15- water-level gauges.
Specific implementation mode
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 3, the present invention includes Fresnel mirror, boiler, honeycomb regenerator, steam turbine, gas trap, water pump With the devices such as generator.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of bled steam steaming with integrated Fresnel mirror and labyrinth claustra regenerator Vapour cycle generator, including Fresnel mirror, pot body, heat conductive filament, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps, No. three water pumps, No.1 honeycomb backheat Device, No. two honeycomb regenerators, condenser, steam turbine and generator;
Wherein pot body is connected by gas/liquid pipeline with steam turbine;The output end of steam turbine connects generator;Steam turbine Discharge duct connects pot body after being sequentially connected condenser, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps;In No.1 water pump and No. two No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb backheats are separately connected on pipeline between water pump between No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps The jet chimney of device, steam turbine is connected with No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators respectively.The Fresnel mirror is One hemispheric spherical reflector provides thermal energy for assembling hot gas for solar power system, can focused solar energy arrive Boiler provides thermal energy for it, and the centre of sphere of spherical reflector is located at the bottom surface of boiler by thermosphere, and Fresnel mirror is imitated with optically focused The advantages of fruit is good, light weight.Fresnel mirror is connected with boiler, and the solar energy heat collector of Fresnel mirror is housed, will not It is involved in the problems, such as rotating the focusing of the face sun in real time, while reduces light path of the sunlight by lens, reduces lens to sunlight Absorption, save material, and better ensure that absorptivity of the whole system to solar energy on light-gathering, effectively raise hair Electric power generation efficiency,
The outside of the No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators is the babinet of cylindrical structure, and inside is honeycomb Structure, the front and back perforation in honeycomb regenerator inside, there is the rubber washer of anti-gas-leak between the lid and babinet of honeycomb regenerator.Fluid is worn When crossing honeycomb, fluid flows in honeycomb channel, extends heat exchange distance, and the two-sided heat exchange of absorber plate is changed to strengthen Heat, honeycomb are conducive to reduce flow losses, and guarantee is as much as possible to utilize thermal energy.
Wherein, boiler bottom meets helical metal heat conductive filament, and heating steaming is carried out to the water in boiler by heat transfer and radiation Hair.
Wherein, pot body is equipped with oral siphon, outlet pipe and water-level gauge, and water-level gauge is mounted on boiler side walls, and height covering pot Liquid height in stove facilitates staff to safeguard and monitor boiler working condition.
The pipe design of condenser is back-shaped, increases circulation exchange area, while changing using low-density, low specific heat capacity, height The backheat oil medium of heating rate exchanges heat, and to keep condensed water fully heated, improves cold/heat exchange efficiency.
The boiler is one by the device that Fresnel mirror focusing sunlight is heat source, and primary structure has pot body, water level Meter, heater strip, water inlet, water outlet and bottom surface by thermosphere, the thick and solid container that pot body is made of metal, to contain liquid water And vapor, water-level gauge are placed in pot body outer surface, observe water level in pot to staff, heater strip is connected with bottom surface by thermosphere It connects, in the shape of a spiral, is conducive to fully heat water, water inlet is connected in bottom of pot body with pot body with water outlet, is used for Boiler water level is adjusted and replacement water.
The steam turbine includes a steam turbine cylinder, a stationary blade carrier and a rotor, wherein the stator blade Held in ring is radially connected in an internal boss of the steam turbine cylinder, and steam turbine further includes a vapor extraction device, The axially connecting stationary blade carrier of outer circumference portion of the vapor extraction device, and its inner circumference portion extends radially on the rotor Groove.
The honeycomb regenerator is a kind of surface heat exchanger, i.e. working medium exchanges heat, and working medium by heat exchanger Between without a kind of heat exchanger for being in direct contact.Regenerator is located at the discharge duct end drawn from steam turbine, out of cylinder of steam turbine The hot steam of suction is reached through pipeline radiates to regenerator at regenerator, from regenerator when condensed water is reached along pipeline at regenerator Heat is absorbed, uses good heat-insulating material, pipeline to use the good conductor of heat outside regenerator, while by increasing pipe number Amount reduces pipe diameter to increase heat exchange area, to achieve the purpose that reduce heat dissipation, make full use of thermal energy.
The equipment course of work is:
Heating evaporation:Pot body above Fresnel mirror is heated, and heat conductive filament, which transmits heat, makes internal water heat absorption evaporation, follows Ring starts, and high-temperature steam expands in boiler, and pressure increases, and hot steam is overflowed, and leads to steam turbine through pipeline.
Expansion work:Superheated steam enters turbine expansion acting, and the thermal energy of steam consumes in steam turbine, becomes steam Kinetic energy, then push and fill vaned turbine rotor, be eventually converted into the mechanical energy of shaft, and then drive generator work Make.
Condensation liquefaction:Steam pressure reduction with volume expansion in steam turbine, after pressure drops to an established standards Cylinder of steam turbine is discharged, into condenser, the flowing cooling water heat absorption in condenser makes the rapid condensation liquefaction of the hot steam in pipeline.
Bled steam:A certain amount of steam is extracted when pressure in steam turbine is down to two threshold values respectively to send to honeycomb time through pipeline Hot device, the condensed water for leaving condenser pass sequentially through honeycomb regenerator and are heated, and heat end of a period water temperature every time and can reach accordingly Saturation temperature under suction pressure effectively improves heat to reduce boiler heat load and reduce the steam exhaust into condenser Efficiency.
The Fresnel mirror of the present invention contributes to energy saving, raising efficiency with honeycomb regenerator, and can derive to a variety of phases It closes in engine work.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator, including include Fresnel mirror, pot body, heat conduction Silk, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps, No. three water pumps, No.1 honeycomb regenerator, No. two honeycomb regenerators, condenser, steam turbine and hair Motor, it is characterised in that:
Wherein pot body is connected by gas/liquid pipeline with steam turbine;The output end of steam turbine connects generator;The exhaust of steam turbine Pipeline connects pot body after being sequentially connected condenser, No.1 water pump, No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps;In No.1 water pump and No. two water pumps Between be separately connected No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators, vapour on pipeline between No. two water pumps and No. three water pumps The jet chimney of turbine is connected with No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators respectively, and the Fresnel mirror is made with boiler Integrated connection;
The outside of the No.1 honeycomb regenerator and No. two honeycomb regenerators is the babinet of cylindrical structure, and inside is honeycomb knot Structure, the front and back perforation in honeycomb regenerator inside, there is the rubber washer of anti-gas-leak between the lid and babinet of honeycomb regenerator.
2. a kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator according to claim 1, feature It is:
The boiler bottom meets helical metal heat conductive filament, and heating evaporation is carried out to the water in boiler with radiation by heat transfer.
3. a kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator according to claim 1, feature It is:
The pot body is equipped with oral siphon, outlet pipe and water-level gauge, and water-level gauge is mounted on boiler side walls, and liquid in height covering boiler Body height, staff can safeguard and monitor at any time boiler working condition.
4. a kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator according to claim 1, feature It is:
The pipe design of the condenser is back-shaped, while being backheat oil in pipeline.
CN201820328515.8U 2018-03-12 2018-03-12 A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator Active CN208073689U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820328515.8U CN208073689U (en) 2018-03-12 2018-03-12 A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820328515.8U CN208073689U (en) 2018-03-12 2018-03-12 A kind of steam circulation generator with Fresnel mirror and honeycomb regenerator

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110500248A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-11-26 西北工业大学 A kind of steam circulation generator with solar thermal collector and Helical recuperator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110500248A (en) * 2019-08-19 2019-11-26 西北工业大学 A kind of steam circulation generator with solar thermal collector and Helical recuperator

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