CN206168530U - Novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw - Google Patents

Novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206168530U
CN206168530U CN201620860139.8U CN201620860139U CN206168530U CN 206168530 U CN206168530 U CN 206168530U CN 201620860139 U CN201620860139 U CN 201620860139U CN 206168530 U CN206168530 U CN 206168530U
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China
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straw
discharge
feed
feeding
new
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CN201620860139.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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孟蓬强
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NANJING GENERAL ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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NANJING GENERAL ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw belongs to biomass energy source recycle field, and novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw includes that loading attachment, straw straighten device and straw breaker in order, wherein: loading attachment's discharge end is connected the feed end of device is straighten in order to the straw, the straw is straighten the discharge end of device in order and is connected straw breaker's feed end, the straw is straighten the device in order and is included the conveyer belt, it straightens the baffle in order to be provided with along the direction of motion on the conveyer belt, straw breaker adopts the mode of hand hay cutter cutting to carry out the breakage. The utility model discloses can cut into the even and tiny granule of one section one section particle diameter with the straw, compare the process with prior art the utility model discloses the raw materials of production marsh gas can be regarded as to straw after the processing, and the normal operating of system has been guaranteed to the phenomenon that also can not take place to twine agitating unit.

Description

New and effective biomass straw crushing system
Technical field
This utility model is related to biomass energy recycling field, particularly relates to a kind of new and effective biomass straw and breaks Broken system.
Background technology
Annual discarded biomass straw resource domestic at present reaches 700,000,000 tons, but substantial amounts of straw is appropriate because cannot get Recycling disposal and by on-site incineration, not only cause serious environmental pollution and disaster hidden-trouble, and also create the pole of resource It is big to waste.The comprehensive utilization of these straws can accelerate animal husbandry and the growth of light industry, and can improve the ecological environment, and promote agriculture Village's industry restructuring and ecological benefits, social benefit, economic benefit simultaneous growth, keep Sustainable Development of Modern Agriculture.
Biomass straw is used as the fermentation methane production of field of biological energy source, need to be into uniform particle sizes and tiny by crushed stalk Granule, increases the response area in anaerobic fermentation tank, is conducive to improving biogas output.
Current more application on the market is the broken machinery of Straw Kneading, and straw is twisted into into strand shape with the mode rubbed.It is this Mode is more beneficial for straw and is used with producing fodder, but as the raw material of fermentation methane production and improper.One is the straw of strand shape Stalk, fiber does not rupture, it is difficult to ferment;Two is in anaerobic fermentation tank, to be usually provided with mechanical stirring device, the straw of strand shape Stalk can wind these devices, cause failure.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide one kind can be by crushed stalk into uniform particle sizes and tiny The new and effective biomass straw crushing system of grain.
To solve above-mentioned technical problem, it is as follows that this utility model provides technical scheme:
A kind of new and effective biomass straw crushing system, including the broken dress of feeding device, straw stalk straightening device and straw Put, wherein:
The discharge end of the feeding device connects the feed end of the straw stalk straightening device, and the straw stalk straightening device goes out Material end connects the feed end of the straw breaker;
The straw stalk straightening device includes conveyer belt, is provided with along the direction of motion on the conveyer belt and makes baffle plate in order;
The straw breaker is crushed by the way of chopper cutting.
Further, the conveyer belt is hock type chain, and described being made in order be provided with below baffle plate for driving its edge The driving means that the direction of motion of the conveyer belt moves reciprocatingly.
Further, the straw breaker includes disintegrating machine body frame, and on the disintegrating machine body frame disintegrating machine is provided with Rotor, arranges moving knife on the disintegrating machine rotor, on the disintegrating machine body frame guillotine cutting being engaged with the moving knife is additionally provided with Stationary knife.
Further, straw feeding unit, the straw are provided between the straw stalk straightening device and straw breaker The feed end of stalk feeding unit connects the discharge end of the straw stalk straightening device, the discharge end connection institute of the straw feeding unit State the feed end of straw breaker, the straw feeding unit includes lower feeding roller and can positioned at the lower feeding roller top The upper feeding roller for fluctuating.
Further, sandy soil descaling machine, the sandy soil cleaning are provided between the feeding device and straw stalk straightening device The feed end of machine connects the discharge end of the feeding device, and the discharge end of the sandy soil descaling machine connects the straw stalk straightening device Feed end, the sandy soil descaling machine includes some impellers for setting gradually in same direction.
Further, the discharge end of the sandy soil descaling machine is arranged on the top of the feed end of the straw stalk straightening device, Magnet-type tramp iron separator is provided between the discharge end of the sandy soil descaling machine and the feed end of the conveyer belt.
Further, the feeding device includes belt conveyor, hopper and broken bundle batcher, wherein:
The hopper is the funnel-shaped structure with upper port and lower port, and the discharge end of first belt conveyor connects Connect the upper port of the hopper, the feed end of the lower port connection broken bundle batcher of the hopper, the broken bundle batcher Discharge end connect the feed end of the sandy soil descaling machine.
Further, the broken bundle batcher is with serrate chain conveyor.
Further, the feeding device also includes Rope cutter, and the Rope cutter is fixed on the upper of the belt conveyor Side.
Further, the discharge end top suspension of the conveyer belt has the first grass pulling wheel, the discharging of the broken bundle batcher The top suspension at end has the second grass pulling wheel.
This utility model has the advantages that:
New and effective biomass straw crushing system of the present utility model, before the straw breaker, is provided with Straw stalk straightening device, the straw stalk straightening device includes conveyer belt, is provided with along the direction of motion on the conveyer belt and makes baffle plate in order, When straw is subject to the effect of conveyer belt to be fed forward, conveyer belt and making in order under the collective effect of baffle plate, straw is made along moving Direction arranges, and is changed into orderly from unordered, and the straw after making in order enters into the straw and crushes with chopper formation vertical direction In device, with travelling forward for straw, the straw for progressing into is cut into one section one by the built-in chopper of straw breaker Section uniform particle sizes and tiny granule, compared with prior art, the straw after this utility model process can be used as production The raw material of biogas, will not also occur the phenomenon for winding agitating device, it is ensured that the normal operation of system.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the feeding device of new and effective biomass straw crushing system of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the broken dress of straw stalk straightening device and straw of new and effective biomass straw crushing system of the present utility model The combining structure schematic diagram put;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the straw stalk straightening device of new and effective biomass straw crushing system of the present utility model Figure.
Specific embodiment
To make the technical problems to be solved in the utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing And specific embodiment is described in detail.
This utility model provides a kind of new and effective biomass straw crushing system, as shown in Figure 1-2, including feeding dress Put, straw stalk straightening device 101 and straw breaker 102, Fig. 1 is feeding device, wherein:
The feed end of the discharge end connection straw stalk straightening device 101 of feeding device, the discharge end of straw stalk straightening device 101 connects Connect the feed end of straw breaker 102;
As shown in figure 3, straw stalk straightening device 101 includes conveyer belt (not shown in Fig. 3), set along the direction of motion on conveyer belt It is equipped with and makes baffle plate 91 in order;
Straw breaker 102 is crushed by the way of chopper cutting.
In this utility model, before straw breaker 102, straw stalk straightening device 101, straw stalk straightening device are provided with 101 include conveyer belt, are provided with along the direction of motion on conveyer belt and make baffle plate 91 in order, when straw is subject to the effect of conveyer belt defeated forward When sending, conveyer belt and making in order under the collective effect of baffle plate 91, straw is arranged along the direction of motion, be changed into orderly from unordered, Jing The straw crossed after making in order forms vertical direction and enters in straw breaker 102 with chopper, with travelling forward for straw, straw The straw for progressing into is cut into one section of one section of uniform particle sizes and tiny granule by the built-in chopper of stalk breaker 102, with Prior art is compared, and the straw after this utility model process also be able to will not wind as the raw material of production biogas The phenomenon of agitating device, it is ensured that the normal operation of system.
Used as a kind of improvement of the present utility model, conveyer belt is some hock type chains, and hock type chain is a kind of reliable The high transmission basic part of property, when wherein indivedual chain pieces are worked by having no effect on whole chain when destroying at work, chain piece Change convenient.The lower section for making baffle plate 91 in order is provided with for driving it to fill along the driving that the direction of motion of conveyer belt moves reciprocatingly Put, allow to make baffle plate 91 in order and make device plane in order in straw and move reciprocatingly along the straw direction of motion, enhance to straw Make effect in order, further improve crushing efficiency.
As further improvement of the utility model, as shown in Fig. 2 straw breaker 102 includes disintegrating machine body frame 17, Disintegrating machine rotor 15 is installed on disintegrating machine body frame 17, moving knife 14 is set on disintegrating machine rotor 15, moving knife 14 can pass through bolt It is fixed on the tool rest of disintegrating machine rotor 15, moving knife 14 is in circular array on disintegrating machine rotor 15, on disintegrating machine body frame 17 It is additionally provided with the guillotine cutting stationary knife 13 being engaged with moving knife 14.Guillotine cutting stationary knife 13 can be arranged on the charging of straw breaker 102 Side, when straw enters straw breaker 102, the front end of straw is located on guillotine cutting stationary knife 13, and moving knife 14 is in disintegrating machine rotor High-speed rotation under 15 drive, when moving knife 14 is turned to it is tangent with guillotine cutting stationary knife 13 when, realize the cutting of straw.This utility model In, when straw enters the timing of speed one of straw breaker 102, the speed that moving knife 14 is rotated is faster, the broken particle diameter of straw Degree is less, therefore, it can adjust the broken particle diameter degree of the rotary speed control straw of moving knife 14.
As further improvement of the utility model, as shown in Fig. 2 straw stalk straightening device 101 and straw breaker 102 Between be provided with straw feeding unit 103, the discharge end of the feed end connection straw stalk straightening device 101 of straw feeding unit 103, The feed end of the discharge end connection straw breaker 102 of straw feeding unit 103, straw feeding unit 103 includes lower feeding Roller 12 and the upper feeding roller 11 that can be fluctuated positioned at the top of lower feeding roller 12.
This utility model, before straw is sent to straw breaker 102, increased straw feeding unit 103, straw Fed by feeding roller extruding, wherein, lower feeding roller 12 is to fix swing pinion, what upper feeding roller 11 then can float in vertical direction Swing pinion, using when, can by the altitude mixture control to upper feeding roller 11, control straw inlet amount:Feeding roller in raising 11 height, inlet amount increase, the height of feeding roller 11 in reduction, inlet amount reduces.In addition, when the velocity of rotation of moving knife 14 is certain When, the velocity of rotation of feeding roller is faster, and the broken particle diameter degree of straw is less;The velocity of rotation of feeding roller is slower, straw it is broken Particle diameter degree is bigger.Therefore, it can combine the velocity of rotation of moving knife 14, the velocity of rotation for adjusting feeding roller controls the broken kernel of straw Footpath degree.In this utility model, the group number of upper and lower feeding roller can determine according to actual application.
As further improvement of the utility model, as shown in Fig. 2 setting between feeding device and straw stalk straightening device 101 Sandy soil descaling machine 7 is equipped with, the feed end of sandy soil descaling machine 7 connects the discharge end of feeding device, and the discharge end of sandy soil descaling machine 7 connects The feed end of straw stalk straightening device 101 is connect, sandy soil descaling machine 7 includes some impellers for setting gradually in same direction.System is transported During row, straw is admitted to straw and makes device in order by the rotation of impeller, in course of conveying, the sandy soil carried in straw and stone etc. Raised out, in falling into the container that sandy soil descaling machine 7 is provided below.Sandy soil descaling machine 7 of the present utility model can be removed efficiently Fall the sandy soil and debris in straw, increase the cleanliness factor of broken rear straw, to subsequently either entering ferment tank or conduct Feedstuff all benefits.
As further improvement of the utility model, as shown in Fig. 2 the discharge end of sandy soil descaling machine 7 is arranged on straw reason Along the top of the feed end of device 101, it is provided with magnet-type between the discharge end of sandy soil descaling machine 7 and the feed end of conveyer belt and removes Ironware 8.When straw falls into the feed end of straw stalk straightening device 101 from the discharge end of sandy soil descaling machine 7, magnet-type tramp iron separator 8 The sharp weapon such as stone, iron block of possible entrainment in straw can be removed, to prevent broken middle damage straw breaker 102 and occur It is dangerous.
As further improvement of the utility model, as shown in figure 1, feeding device includes belt conveyor, hopper 4 and breaks Bundle batcher 5, wherein:
Hopper 4 is the funnel-shaped structure with upper port and lower port, and the discharge end of belt conveyor connects the upper of hopper 4 Port, the feed end of the broken bundle batcher 5 of lower port connection of hopper 4 breaks the discharge end connection sandy soil descaling machine 7 of bundle batcher 5 Feed end;
In this utility model, in order to avoid dropping for straw, hopper 4 is the funnel-shaped structure that upper port is big, lower port is little, When straw is exported from the discharge end of belt conveyor, straw can be aggregated to hopper 4 the lower port output of hopper 4, be fallen The feed end of broken bundle batcher 5.Bundled straw is broken up in the presence of broken bundle batcher 5, is conveyed to sandy soil descaling machine 7。
In order that bundled straw scatters completely, it is preferred that broken bundle batcher 5 is with serrate chain conveyor.
Used as further improvement of the utility model, as shown in figure 1, feeding device also includes Rope cutter 2, Rope cutter 2 is consolidated The top of belt conveyor is scheduled on, specifically, belt conveyor can include the first belt conveyor 1 and the second belt conveyor 3, the discharge end of the first belt conveyor 1 connects the feed end of the second belt conveyor 3, and it is defeated that Rope cutter 2 is fixed on the first belt Send the top of machine 1, the straw bale packing of packing directly conveys feeding by the first belt conveyor 1, adopt in course of conveying and the The Rope cutter 2 that one belt conveyor 1 is engaged cuts off in the bundle rope of straw bag, then straw bag is conveyed to into the second belt conveyor 3, straw bag is sent into into hopper 4 by the second belt conveyor 3.
There is distance limit, conveyer belt between upper feeding roller 11 and lower feeding roller 12 in due to straw feeding unit 103 The suspension of discharge end top have the first grass pulling wheel 10, such as Fig. 2, straw under the collective effect of conveyer belt and the first grass pulling wheel 10, It is pressed into straw feeding unit 103.Meanwhile, in order that straw is entered from the feed end of sandy soil descaling machine 7, improve the thorough of cleaning Property, the top of the discharge end of broken bundle batcher 5 suspends the second grass pulling wheel 6, such as Fig. 1.
Preferably, new and effective biomass straw crushing system also includes outfeed belt conveyor 16, as shown in Fig. 2 going out The discharge end of the feed end connection straw breaker 102 of material belt conveyor 16.Straw after broken is defeated through outfeed belt Send machine 16 to be transported to precalculated position, be collected.
The new and effective biomass straw crushing system that this utility model is provided can make straw after bundling be not required to unpack i.e. Can directly crush, and it is broken do not affected by straw charging is in any case irregular, make to obtain uniform particle diameter after straw guillotine cutting.Together When, this utility model can not only remove the sandy soil carried in straw in the shattering process of straw, increase broken rear straw Cleanliness factor, moreover it is possible to remove the sharp weapon such as stone, iron block of possible entrainment in straw, to prevent broken middle damage straw breaker 102 and cause danger.Straw after this utility model process can be used as the quality raw materials for entering ferment tank or feedstuff.
In this utility model, straw breaker 102 is exerted oneself and reaches 10-20t/h, operationally, upper and lower feeding roller turn Speed can be 280r/min, and the rotating speed of disintegrating machine rotor 15 can be 1000r/min, and 48 can be provided with disintegrating machine rotor 15 The blade of piece moving knife 14, and then, make particle size after cracking of the present utility model reach 20-50mm.
The above is preferred implementation of the present utility model, it is noted that for the ordinary skill of the art For personnel, on the premise of without departing from principle described in the utility model, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvement Protection domain of the present utility model is also should be regarded as with retouching.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of new and effective biomass straw crushing system, it is characterised in that including feeding device, straw stalk straightening device and straw Stalk breaker, wherein:
The discharge end of the feeding device connects the feed end of the straw stalk straightening device, the discharge end of the straw stalk straightening device Connect the feed end of the straw breaker;
The straw stalk straightening device includes conveyer belt, is provided with along the direction of motion on the conveyer belt and makes baffle plate in order;
The straw breaker is crushed by the way of chopper cutting.
2. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the conveyer belt is tooth Claw chain, described making in order is provided with for driving what it moved reciprocatingly along the direction of motion of the conveyer belt below baffle plate Driving means.
3. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the broken dress of the straw Put including disintegrating machine body frame, disintegrating machine rotor is installed on the disintegrating machine body frame, moving knife is set on the disintegrating machine rotor, institute State and the guillotine cutting stationary knife being engaged with the moving knife is additionally provided with disintegrating machine body frame.
4. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the straw makes dress in order Put and straw breaker between and be provided with straw feeding unit, the feed end of the straw feeding unit connects the straw reason Along the discharge end of device, the discharge end of the straw feeding unit connects the feed end of the straw breaker, the straw The upper feeding roller that feeding unit includes lower feeding roller and can fluctuate positioned at the lower feeding roller top.
5. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the feeding device and Sandy soil descaling machine is provided between straw stalk straightening device, the feed end of the sandy soil descaling machine connects the discharging of the feeding device End, the discharge end of the sandy soil descaling machine connects the feed end of the straw stalk straightening device, and the sandy soil descaling machine is included along phase The equidirectional some impellers for setting gradually.
6. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the sandy soil descaling machine Discharge end be arranged on the straw stalk straightening device feed end top, the discharge end of the sandy soil descaling machine and described defeated Magnet-type tramp iron separator is provided between the feed end for sending band.
7. the new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 5 or 6, it is characterised in that the feeding dress Put including belt conveyor, hopper and broken bundle batcher, wherein:
The hopper is the funnel-shaped structure with upper port and lower port, and the discharge end of the belt conveyor connects the material The upper port of case, the feed end of the lower port connection broken bundle batcher of the hopper, the discharge end of the broken bundle batcher Connect the feed end of the sandy soil descaling machine.
8. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that the broken bundle batcher It is with serrate chain conveyor.
9. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the feeding device is also Including Rope cutter, the Rope cutter is fixed on the top of the belt conveyor.
10. new and effective biomass straw crushing system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the conveyer belt The top suspension that the suspension of discharge end top has the first grass pulling wheel, the discharge end of the broken bundle batcher has the second grass pulling wheel.
CN201620860139.8U 2015-12-24 2016-08-08 Novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw Active CN206168530U (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521100123 2015-12-24
CN2015211001239 2015-12-24

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206168530U true CN206168530U (en) 2017-05-17

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CN201620860139.8U Active CN206168530U (en) 2015-12-24 2016-08-08 Novel broken system of high -efficiency biological matter straw

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108207684A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 杨舒淞 A kind of feed waterworks of animal husbandry summer

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108207684A (en) * 2018-01-31 2018-06-29 杨舒淞 A kind of feed waterworks of animal husbandry summer
CN108207684B (en) * 2018-01-31 2020-10-09 诸暨市惠中智能科技有限公司 Summer feeding and water supplying device for animal husbandry

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