CN210226269U - Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one - Google Patents

Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210226269U
CN210226269U CN201920187146.XU CN201920187146U CN210226269U CN 210226269 U CN210226269 U CN 210226269U CN 201920187146 U CN201920187146 U CN 201920187146U CN 210226269 U CN210226269 U CN 210226269U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
straw
sword
granulation
case
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Application number
CN201920187146.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
Xingtao Li
李兴涛
Xiuzhai Chen
陈秀斋
Guodong Chai
柴国栋
Shiting Lin
林世停
Jianquan Zhao
赵见泉
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Shandong Linyi Tobacco Co Ltd
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Shandong Linyi Tobacco Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920187146.XU priority Critical patent/CN210226269U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one belongs to agricultural processing equipment field. It is including smashing case and landing leg, it is equipped with the straw import to smash case upper portion, it is connected with the arbor through bearing A to smash the incasement, the fixed sword of smashing that is equipped with on the arbor, the arbor is connected with crushing motor drive, the below of smashing the incasement and smashing the sword is equipped with the screen cloth, the screen cloth below is equipped with carries the auger, the pivot of carrying the auger is connected with crushing motor drive, the symmetry is equipped with helical blade opposite in helical direction in the pivot of carrying the auger, it is equipped with the crushed aggregates export to smash the bottom of the case portion, crushed aggregates export below is equipped with the straw granulator. The utility model discloses combine straw rubbing crusher and granulator together, the straw is smashed evenly, has solved the in-process of transporting moreover and has smashed the straw and collect the high problem of the degree of difficulty, has reduced the amount of labour, has increased machining efficiency.

Description

Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to an agricultural processing machinery, specifically speaking especially relates to a straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one.
Background
More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, are renewable biological resources with multiple purposes, and can be used for animal feeds and novel fuels. At present, the most common treatment method of crop straws is incineration, however, on one hand, the straw with potential nutrition is wasted by incineration, and on the other hand, the air is polluted by smoke generated by combustion. Therefore, the straw is very necessary to be recycled, in the recycling process of the straw, the straw is firstly crushed by a crusher, and then dispersed low-density straw is densified into high-density biological feed or novel fuel by a biomass straw granulator, so that the utilization rate of the straw is greatly improved. Straw rubbing crusher exists crushing effect generally on the existing market, and the straw shredding rate is not high, is difficult to reach even kibbling effect, and rubbing crusher and granulator be two kinds of solitary equipment moreover, and the granulator carries out the granulation need be transported to the straw after smashing, and it is big to transport the in-process crushed straw collection degree of difficulty, has increased the amount of labour moreover, has reduced machining efficiency, does not have one kind at present and can carry out the straw simultaneously and smash and the equipment of granulation.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one to overcome and lack the defect that a straw smashes effectual and can carry out the equipment that the straw smashed and was pelletized simultaneously among the prior art.
The utility model discloses an adopt following technical scheme to realize:
straw collect and smash granulation all-in-one, including smashing case and landing leg, it is equipped with the straw import to smash case upper portion, it is connected with the arbor through bearing A to smash the incasement, the fixed sword of smashing that is equipped with on the arbor, the arbor stretches out the fixed belt pulley that is equipped with of part of smashing the case, epaxial belt pulley of arbor passes through the belt and is connected with the belt pulley transmission on smashing the motor, the below of smashing the incasement smashing the sword is equipped with the screen cloth, the screen cloth below is equipped with carries the auger, carry the pivot and the crushing motor drive of auger to be connected, the epaxial symmetry of pivot of carrying the auger is equipped with helical blade opposite in spiral direction, it is equipped with the crushed aggregates export to smash.
Preferably, the crushing box is provided with fixed-tooth cutters, and the fixed-tooth cutters and the crushing cutters are arranged alternately.
Preferably, the straw granulator includes granulation casing, two sets of squeeze rolls, template, bevel gear group and granulation motor, and two sets of squeeze rolls are through connecting the support fixed connection along the axis, perpendicular fixed connection drive shaft in the middle of the connection props, the drive shaft passes through bearing B and granulation casing internal connection, squeeze roll below is located to the template to be equipped with the nib in the template, the template below is equipped with the feed bin, the aggregate export is connected to the feed bin, bevel gear group input is connected with the drive shaft, output and granulation motor output shaft.
Preferably, the crushing knife comprises a triangular knife and a sawtooth knife, the triangular knife and the sawtooth knife are arranged at intervals, and sawteeth are arranged at the top end of the sawtooth knife.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the utility model discloses improve the structure of smashing the sword for the straw is smashed evenly, combines straw rubbing crusher and granulator together moreover, has solved the in-process of transporting and has smashed the straw and collect the high problem of the degree of difficulty, has reduced the amount of labour, has increased machining efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the pelletizer in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the triangular knife of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the serrated knife of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a crushing box; 2. a straw inlet; 3. a cutter shaft; 4. a crushing knife; 5. screening a screen; 6. conveying the auger; 7. a bearing A; 8. a support leg; 9. a crushed material outlet; 10. a straw granulator; 11. a granulation motor; 12. a grinding motor; 13. a belt; 14. a belt pulley; 15. a fixed-tooth cutter; 16. a granulator shell; 17. a squeeze roll; 18. connecting a support; 19. a drive shaft; 20. a template; 21. a die hole; 22. a storage bin; 23. an aggregate outlet; 24. a bearing B; 25. a bevel gear set; 26. a granulation motor; 27. and (4) saw teeth.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, the straw collecting, crushing and granulating integrated machine comprises a crushing box 1 and supporting legs 8, a straw inlet 2 is arranged at the upper part of the crushing box 1, the supporting legs 8 are fixedly connected below the crushing box 1, a cutter shaft 3 is arranged in the crushing box 1, the cutter shaft 3 is connected with the inside of the crushing box 1 through a bearing A7, a plurality of crushing knives 4 are fixedly arranged on the cutter shaft 3, a belt pulley 14 is fixedly arranged at the part of the cutter shaft 3 extending out of the crushing box 1, the belt pulley 14 on the cutter shaft 3 is in transmission connection with the belt pulley 14 on a crushing motor 12 through a belt 13, a screen 5 is arranged below the crushing knives 4 in the crushing box 1, the screen 5 is used for screening out the straws which cannot be crushed thoroughly, a conveying auger 6 is arranged below the screen 5, the rotating shaft of the conveying auger 6 is in transmission connection with the crushing motor 12 through the belt 13 and the belt pulley, a crushed material outlet 9 is arranged in the middle of the bottom of the crushing box 1, and a straw granulator 10 is arranged below the crushed material outlet 9.
As shown in figure 2, fixed-tooth knives 15 are fixedly arranged on the side edges of the crushing box 1, the fixed-tooth knives 15 and the crushing knives 4 are arranged at intervals, and the fixed-tooth knives are matched with the crushing knives to crush straws, so that the effect of uniform crushing is achieved.
As shown in fig. 3, the straw granulator 10 includes a granulator shell 16, two sets of squeeze rollers 17, a template 20, a bevel gear set 25 and a granulator motor 26, wherein the two sets of squeeze rollers 17 are fixedly connected along a central axis through a connecting support 18, the middle of the connecting support 18 is vertically and fixedly connected with a driving shaft 19, the driving shaft 19 is connected with the inside of the granulator shell 16 through a bearing B24, the template 20 is arranged below the squeeze rollers 17, a die hole 21 is formed in the template 20, a bin 22 is arranged below the template 20, the bin 22 is connected with a granule outlet 23, the input end of the bevel gear set 25 is connected with the driving shaft 19, and the.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the crushing cutter 4 comprises two cutter structures, namely a triangular cutter and a sawtooth cutter, the triangular cutter and the sawtooth cutter are arranged on the cutter shaft 3 at intervals, the blade structure of the triangular cutter is triangular, the triangular cutter is mainly used for crushing straws, the crushing effect is good, sawteeth 27 are arranged at the top end of the blade of the sawtooth cutter, the sawteeth 27 can be used for kneading the crushed straws, and the palatability of livestock is improved.
The utility model discloses a working process: putting straws into a crushing box 1 through a straw inlet 2, driving a cutter shaft 3 to rotate at high speed by a crushing motor 12 through a belt 13 and a belt pulley 14, driving a crushing cutter 4 to rotate along with the cutter shaft 3 and match with a fixed-tooth cutter 15 to crush the input straws, filtering the crushed straws by a screen 5, then feeding the crushed straws with proper size into a conveying auger 6, driving the conveying auger 6 to rotate by the crushing motor 12 through the belt 13 and the belt pulley 14, driving a driving shaft 19 to rotate by a granulating motor 26 through a bevel gear set 25, driving an extrusion roller 17 to rotate on a template 20 to extrude the straws by the driving shaft 19, and feeding the extruded straws into a storage bin 22 through a die hole 21, and finally out of pellet outlet 23.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one, is including smashing case (1) and landing leg (8), it is equipped with straw import (2) to smash case (8) upper portion, it is connected with arbor (3) through bearing A (7) in crushing case (1), fixed crushing sword (4) of being equipped with on arbor (3), arbor (3) stretch out the fixed belt pulley (14) that is equipped with of part of smashing case (1), belt pulley (14) on arbor (3) are connected its characterized in that through belt (13) and belt pulley (14) transmission on smashing motor (12): the utility model discloses a crushing case, including crushing case (1), crushing sword (4), screen cloth (5) below is equipped with screen cloth (5), screen cloth (5) below is equipped with carries auger (6), the pivot of carrying auger (6) is connected with crushing motor (12) transmission, the symmetry is equipped with helical blade opposite in spiral direction in the pivot of carrying auger (6), be equipped with crushed aggregates export (9) in the middle of crushing case (1) bottom, crushed aggregates export (9) below is equipped with straw granulator (10).
2. The straw collecting, crushing and pelletizing integrated machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the crushing box (1) is provided with fixed-tooth cutters (15), and the fixed-tooth cutters (15) and the crushing cutters (4) are arranged alternately.
3. The straw collecting, crushing and pelletizing integrated machine according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: straw granulator (10) is including granulation casing (16), two sets of squeeze roll (17), template (20), bevel gear group (25) and granulation motor (26), and two sets of squeeze roll (17) are through connecting support (18) fixed connection along the axis, connect and support perpendicular fixed connection drive shaft (19) in the middle of (18), drive shaft (19) are through bearing B (24) and granulation casing (16) internal connection, squeeze roll (17) below is located in template (20) to be equipped with nib (21) on template (20), template (20) below is equipped with feed bin (22), aggregate export (23) is connected in feed bin (22), bevel gear group (25) input is connected with drive shaft (19), and the output is connected with granulation motor (26) output shaft.
4. The straw collecting, crushing and pelletizing integrated machine according to claim 3, characterized in that: crushing sword (4) are including triangle sword and sawtooth sword, triangle sword and sawtooth sword interval set up, the top of sawtooth sword is equipped with sawtooth (27).
CN201920187146.XU 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one Active CN210226269U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920187146.XU CN210226269U (en) 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920187146.XU CN210226269U (en) 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210226269U true CN210226269U (en) 2020-04-03

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920187146.XU Active CN210226269U (en) 2019-01-31 2019-01-31 Straw is collected and is smashed granulation all-in-one

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN210226269U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113498684A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-15 滁州滁能热电有限公司 Crushing and granulating equipment for biomass power generation and working method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113498684A (en) * 2021-07-23 2021-10-15 滁州滁能热电有限公司 Crushing and granulating equipment for biomass power generation and working method

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