CN205903959U - Kitchen waste treating device - Google Patents

Kitchen waste treating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205903959U
CN205903959U CN201620488789.4U CN201620488789U CN205903959U CN 205903959 U CN205903959 U CN 205903959U CN 201620488789 U CN201620488789 U CN 201620488789U CN 205903959 U CN205903959 U CN 205903959U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
broken
casing
food waste
spring
blade
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620488789.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邢刚
王云
徐浩
王文款
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Chaohu University
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Chaohu University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chaohu University filed Critical Chaohu University
Priority to CN201620488789.4U priority Critical patent/CN205903959U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205903959U publication Critical patent/CN205903959U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kitchen waste treating device belongs to the refuse treatment field, including frame, extrusion mechanism, broken mechanism, the control unit, drive mechanism, the last termination of broken mechanism has the pan feeding mouth, and broken mechanism is used for carrying out shredding by the leading -in waste material of pan feeding mouth, extrusion mechanism and broken mechanism respectively include a box, the compression box body and broken box body intercommunication, and it is fixed between two boxes, extrusion mechanism is used for waste material extrusion dehydration after the breakage, extrusion mechanism one end is the discharge gate, and discharge gate department is equipped with the spring plate mechanism that is used for control extrusion ejection of compact speed, drive mechanism includes motor, band pulley and drive gear, and the motor passes through band pulley variable speed transmission, gear meshing transmission drive device operation, the control unit for realize the operating condition of this refuse treatment device of automated control. The device has solved the refuse treatment poor efficiency improper and lead to the problem to environment secondary pollution, alleviates the pressure of facing on the refuse treatment of life chinese meal kitchen.

Description

A kind of food waste treatment device
Technical field
This utility model, more particularly to a kind of food waste treatment device being applied to multiple places, belongs to garbage disposal Field.
Background technology
With the development of social economy, urbanization process is progressively accelerated, and the living standard of people is growing, environmental conservation Have become as one of current urban construction problem of greatest concern.And for the ground such as city neighborhood and veterinary antibiotics market The processing modes such as the collective conveyance of changing food waste, burning and landfill, the problem in environmental improvement brought also day by day highlights Come.Current changing food waste, is all often direct vanning transport, but due to being wherein rich in moisture and Organic substance, it is perishable smelly, Grow pathogenic bacteria, secondary pollution can be caused to city during transport and process.And the mode for simple landfill, can take A large amount of soils, and the rubbish producing oozes worry liquid and landfill gas need to be prudent in dealing with, and the living environment giving people and body are good for Health brings serious impact.
For the problem of current changing food waste difficult treatment, if the moisture in changing food waste can fully be removed, compress rubbish Changing food waste can be converted into feedstuff by rubbish volume in a short period of time, for domestic birds and animals eat, also can as organic fertilizer, Effectively improve Soil structure, promote crop growth, realize being recycled of rubbish, alleviate life rubbish to a great extent The pressure that rubbish is processed, and the secondary pollution to city in transportation can be greatly reduced, realize the target of environmental protection.
The most of only broken link of current food waste treatment equipment, the rubbish after crushing is directly discharged into sewer, The blocking of sewer so can be caused, reduce the drainability of municipal sewage system and this processing mode efficiency is low, affect rubbish The treatment effect of rubbish, can lead to the waste of most of recoverable rubbish simultaneously, also pollute environment.Therefore must adopt more has The mode that the changing food waste of effect is processed, makes rubbish material produce the best possible results.
Content of the invention
The problem existing for above-mentioned prior art, this utility model provides a kind of food waste treatment device, to solve Garbage disposal present in current life is poorly efficient improper and lead to the problem to secondary environmental pollution, alleviate changing food waste in life In process faced by pressure.
To achieve these goals, a kind of food waste treatment device that this utility model adopts, including support, is arranged on Pressing mechanism on support, it is arranged on pressing mechanism upper end and the crushing mechanism with pressing mechanism cooperation, is arranged on support Control unit and drive mechanism;
Feeding mouth is terminated with described crushing mechanism, crushing mechanism is used for carrying out the rubbish material being imported by feeding mouth Pulverization process;
Described pressing mechanism and crushing mechanism each inclusion one casing, extruding casing is connected with broken casing, and between two tanks Fixing, described pressing mechanism is used for crushing rear rubbish material extrusion dehydration;
Described pressing mechanism one end is discharging opening, and described discharge outlet is provided with the spring pressure for controlling extruding and discharging speed Trigger structure;
Described drive mechanism includes motor, belt wheel and travelling gear, and described motor passes through belt wheel gear, gear Engaged transmission come to drive whole device run;
Described control unit, for realizing the working condition of this refuse disposal installation of Automated condtrol.
As improvement, described crushing mechanism includes the broken shaft one being arranged in broken casing and broken shaft two, described broken Broken axle one is provided with broken blade one, and described broken shaft two is provided with broken blade two, described broken blade one, broken blade two Crush blade and evagination shape knife by the zigzag being arranged alternately respectively to form, the broken blade on two broken shafts is interlaced, nibble Close arrangement, the axle head of described broken shaft one and broken shaft two is respectively provided with the travelling gear 2 being meshed a pair, is nibbled by gear Close transmission, the broken blade on two broken shafts does the motion of high speed opposite direction rotating.
As improvement, described broken casing is fastened by bolts part connection by upper plate, lower plate, outer end cap one and broken case body Connect composition.
As improvement, described broken casing is thin wall type.
As improvement, described pressing mechanism includes extruding screw axis one, extruding screw axis two, described extruding screw axis one, The diameter of extruding screw axis two is gradually increased from charging aperture to discharging opening respectively, extrusion spiral interlaced arrangement;
One end of described extruding screw axis is provided with belt wheel two and the travelling gear one being meshed for a pair, by belt wheel two The engaged transmission of deceleration transmission and travelling gear one makes extruding screw axis one and extruding screw axis two make incorgruous screw.
As improvement, it is tight that described extruding casing passes through bolt by upper end cover, bottom end cover, outer end cap two and outer end cap three respectively Firmware is fixedly connected composition, has the through hole communicating with the discharging opening of broken casing, in described bottom end cover in described upper end cover It is provided with multiple small through hole, communicate with the discharge outlet in support.
As improvement, described spring bearer plate mechanism includes spring bearer plate, spring and bearing, and described spring bearer plate is located at extruding The discharge gate outer end of casing, spring described in built-in a pair of spring bearer plate, spring bearer plate opposite side is nested on bearing, described Seat and support are provided with pin clamp with reference to port.
As improvement, described feeding mouth adopts funneling.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1) rationally, design structure is simple, and is readily disassembled, assembles and cleans and safeguard for this device space layout.
2) this device appearance is compact, stabilized structure, safe and reliable, and broken casing and extruding casing can bear It is designed to thin wall type on the antecedent basis of service load, the heavy burden of processing meanss not only can be mitigated moreover it is possible at utmost Shangdi Save manufacturing expense.
3) this device is simple to operate, convenient, can achieve the work shape of Automated condtrol processing meanss by control unit State.
4) this device can fully slough the moisture in rubbish, to the full extent the volume of compressed garbage material, short Change into poultry feed or organic fertilizer in time, realize being recycled of rubbish, largely decrease garbage transporting Process the secondary pollution to city.
5) the whole garbage processing procedure of this device is simple and practical, high-efficiency environment friendly is it is adaptable to family, dining room, restaurant etc. are many Plant place, comply with the development trend of current era energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is food waste treatment device front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is food waste treatment device left view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is food waste treatment device right view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of pressing mechanism in this utility model;
In figure: 1, support, 2, discharge gate, 3, outer end cap three, 4, bearing, 5, spring bearer plate, 6, spring, 7, pressing mechanism, 8th, upper end cover, 9, control unit, 10, lower plate, 11, outer end cap one, 12, end cap one, 13, upper plate, 14, feeding mouth, 15, disintegrating machine Structure, 16, end cap two, 17, belt wheel three, 18, v band two, 19, outer end cap two, 20, motor, 21, bottom end cover, 22, discharge outlet, 23, Broken blade one, 24, broken casing, 25, broken shaft one, 26, broken shaft two, 27, broken blade two, 28, belt wheel one, 29, v band One, 30, travelling gear two, 31, drive mechanism, 32, travelling gear one, 33, belt wheel two, 34, spring bearer plate mechanism, 35, extruding Helical axis one, 36, extruding screw axis two.
Specific embodiment
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage of greater clarity, below by accompanying drawing and implement Example, is further elaborated to this utility model.However, it should be understood that specific embodiment described herein only in order to Explain this utility model, be not limited to scope of the present utility model.
As Figure 1-Figure 4, a kind of food waste treatment device, including support 1, the pressing mechanism that is arranged on support 1 7th, be arranged on pressing mechanism 7 upper end and with pressing mechanism 7 cooperation crushing mechanism 15, the control unit 9 being arranged on support 1, And drive mechanism;
Feeding mouth 14 is terminated with described crushing mechanism 15, crushing mechanism 15 is used for the rubbish that will be imported by feeding mouth 14 Material carries out pulverization process;
Described pressing mechanism 7 and crushing mechanism 15 respectively include a casing, and extruding casing is connected with broken casing 24, and two casees Fixing between body, described pressing mechanism 7 is used for crushing rear rubbish material extrusion dehydration;
Described pressing mechanism 7 one end is discharging opening, and described discharge outlet is provided with the spring for controlling extruding and discharging speed Press plate mechanism 34;
Described drive mechanism includes motor 20, belt wheel and travelling gear, described motor 20 pass through belt wheel gear, Meshed transmission gear come to drive whole device run;
Described control unit 9, for realizing the working condition of this refuse disposal installation of Automated condtrol.Control unit 9 In the top of upper end cover 8, it is placed in before broken casing 24, for automatically controlling the operation of processing meanss.
As the improvement of embodiment, described crushing mechanism 15 includes the broken shaft 1 being arranged in broken casing 24 and breaks Broken axle 2 26, described broken shaft 1 is provided with broken blade 1, and described broken shaft 2 26 is provided with broken blade 2 27, institute State broken blade 1, broken blade 2 27 to be made up of the broken blade of the zigzag being arranged alternately and evagination shape knife respectively, two break Broken blade on broken axle is interlaced, engagement arrangement, and the axle head of described broken shaft 1 and broken shaft 2 26 is respectively provided with one To the travelling gear 2 30 being meshed, by meshed transmission gear, the broken blade on two broken shafts does high speed opposite direction rotating fortune Dynamic, changing food waste fully can be pulverized.
As the improvement of embodiment, described broken casing 24 is by upper plate 13, lower plate 10, outer end cap 1 and broken case body It is fastened by bolts part connection composition, the side of outer end cap 1 is provided with end cap 1 and end cap 2 16.
As the improvement of embodiment, on the antecedent basis that can bear service load, described broken casing 24 is thin wall type, The heavy burden of datatron not only can be mitigated moreover it is possible at utmost Shangdi reduces production cost.
As the improvement of embodiment, described pressing mechanism 7 includes extruding screw axis 1, extruding screw axis 2 36, described Extruding screw axis 1, the diameter of extruding screw axis 2 36 are gradually increased from charging aperture to discharging opening respectively, and extrusion spiral interlocks Arrangement;
One end of described extruding screw axis is provided with belt wheel 2 33 and the travelling gear 1 being meshed for a pair, by belt wheel It is incorgruous that the engaged transmission of 2 33 deceleration transmission and travelling gear 1 makes extruding screw axis 1 and extruding screw axis 2 36 make Screw body so that material gradually reduces under the drive of worm drive, to realize the purpose of extrusion dehydration.
As the improvement of embodiment, described extruding casing is respectively by upper end cover 8, bottom end cover 21, outer end cap 2 19 and outer end Cover 33 and be fastened by bolts part and be fixedly connected composition, have in described upper end cover 8 and communicate with the discharging opening of broken casing 24 Through hole, therefore the rubbish material after pulverizing can be led in extruding casing, it is provided with multiple small through hole in described bottom end cover 21, with support Discharge outlet 22 in 1 communicates.
As the improvement of embodiment, described spring bearer plate mechanism 34 includes spring bearer plate 5, spring 6 and bearing 4, described bullet Spring pressing plate 5 is located at the discharge gate outer end of extruding casing, spring 6 described in built-in a pair of spring bearer plate 5, and spring bearer plate 5 opposite side is embedding Set on the carrier 4, described bearing 4 and support 1 is provided with pin clamp with reference to port it is ensured that bearing will not produce on discharging direction Raw displacement.
As the improvement of embodiment, described feeding mouth 14 adopts funneling.The amount of a pan feeding not only can be greatly increased, And facilitate blanking, it is difficult rubbish to trickle down out, and can be according to field of employment come the feeding mouth from different size size.
In addition, drive mechanism 31 is by travelling gear 1, travelling gear 2 30, belt wheel 1, belt wheel 2 33, belt wheel three 17th, v band 1, v band 2 18 composition, drive mechanism 31 adopts belt wheel transmission and gear drive, by belt wheel, alternating current asynchronous are electric After the rotating speed of motivation reduces, respectively two kinds of different rotating speeds are passed to crushing mechanism 15 and pressing mechanism 7, to realize device Normal operation.
Discharge gate 2 and discharge outlet 22 are nested on two end faces of support and are respectively used to collect solid refuse material and discharge Sewage, carries out sufficient processed to changing food waste.
The work process of this food waste treatment device is as follows:
Changing food waste is put into from feeding mouth 14, wherein feeding mouth 14, using funneling, can be selected according to field of employment The feeding mouth of different size size.It is provided with photoelectric sensor, when rubbish input is detected, by control unit 9 at feeding mouth 14 Motor 20 band movable belt pulley 1 is controlled to rotate, the belt wheel 2 33 on extruding screw axis 1 and travelling gear 1 can be in v bands Rotate under one 29 drive, engage each other transmission by being separately mounted to the travelling gear 1 of two helical axis axle heads, will move Extruding screw axis 2 36 can be passed to, drive the rotation of the belt wheel 2 33 on helical axis 2 36, and be driven by v band 2 18 broken Belt wheel 3 17 on axle 2 26 and the high-speed rotation of travelling gear 2 30, by being separately mounted to the transmission of two broken shaft axle heads Gear 2 30 engages each other transmission, and kinetic energy is passed to broken shaft 1, drives crushing mechanism and extruder by motor The normal operation of structure.It is arranged on interlaced on two broken shafts, engagement arrangement zigzag and crush blade 23 and evagination Shape crushes blade 27 and does the motion of high speed opposite direction rotating, carries out abundant pulverization process to the rubbish material putting into.Extrude the upper of casing End cap 8 has through hole, docks with the discharging opening of the lower plate 10 of broken casing, and the rubbish material after pulverizing is imported extruding casing In.Two helical axis interlaced arrangement in extruding casing, do incorgruous screw so that thing under the drive of travelling gear 1 Material gradually reduces body under the drive of worm drive, sloughs sewage therein;The spring bearer plate 5 being placed in discharge port end is built-in with Two springs 6, and nesting is on the carrier 4.The rubbish material discharged can produce displacement, built-in bullet to the spring bearer plate 5 of discharge end Spring 6 can produce counteracting force to spring bearer plate 5 under the extruding of bearing 4 and spring bearer plate 5, block discharge gate 2, slow down material Dispatch is so as to abundant extrusion dehydration.The solid material finally discharged can be processed, from discharge outlet 22 row at discharge gate 2 in collection The sewage going out can be introduced directly into sewer.It is less than setting when the pressure transducer being placed on spring bearer plate 5 detects pressure value During value, control unit 9 controls motor 20 to stop operating, and whole processing meanss are out of service.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit this utility model, all this Any modification, equivalent or improvement made within the spirit of utility model and principle etc., should be included in this utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of food waste treatment device is it is characterised in that include support (1), the pressing mechanism being arranged on support (1) (7), be arranged on pressing mechanism (7) upper end and coordinate with pressing mechanism (7) crushing mechanism (15), be arranged on support (1) Control unit (9) and drive mechanism;
Feeding mouth (14) is terminated with described crushing mechanism (15), crushing mechanism (15) is used for be imported by feeding mouth (14) Rubbish material carries out pulverization process;
Described pressing mechanism (7) and crushing mechanism (15) each inclusion one casing, extruding casing is connected with broken casing (24), and two Fixing between casing, described pressing mechanism (7) is used for crushing rear rubbish material extrusion dehydration;
Described pressing mechanism (7) one end is discharging opening, and described discharge outlet is provided with the spring pressure for controlling extruding and discharging speed Trigger structure (34);
Described drive mechanism includes motor (20), belt wheel and travelling gear, described motor (20) pass through belt wheel gear, Meshed transmission gear come to drive whole device run;
Described control unit (9), for realizing the working condition of this refuse disposal installation of Automated condtrol.
2. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described crushing mechanism (15) includes It is arranged on the broken shaft one (25) in broken casing (24) and broken shaft two (26), described broken shaft one (25) is provided with crushing cutter Piece one (23), described broken shaft two (26) is provided with broken blade two (27), described broken blade one (23), broken blade two (27) respectively blade is crushed by the zigzag being arranged alternately and evagination shape knife forms, the broken blade on two broken shafts is mutually handed over Wrong, engagement arrangement, the axle head of described broken shaft one (25) and broken shaft two (26) is respectively provided with the travelling gear being meshed a pair Two (30), by meshed transmission gear, the broken blade on two broken shafts does the motion of high speed opposite direction rotating.
3. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described broken casing (24) is by upper Plate (13), lower plate (10), outer end cap one (11) and broken case body are fastened by bolts part connection composition.
4. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described spring bearer plate mechanism (34) Including spring bearer plate (5), spring (6) and bearing (4), described spring bearer plate (5) is located at the discharge gate outer end of extruding casing, spring Spring (6) described in built-in a pair of pressing plate (5), spring bearer plate (5) opposite side is nested on bearing (4), described bearing (4) and machine Seat (1) is provided with pin clamp with reference to port.
5. a kind of food waste treatment device according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described feeding mouth (14) is using leakage Bucket type.
CN201620488789.4U 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Kitchen waste treating device Expired - Fee Related CN205903959U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620488789.4U CN205903959U (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Kitchen waste treating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620488789.4U CN205903959U (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Kitchen waste treating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205903959U true CN205903959U (en) 2017-01-25

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ID=57814558

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620488789.4U Expired - Fee Related CN205903959U (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Kitchen waste treating device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205903959U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105817306A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-03 巢湖学院 Treatment device for kitchen waste
CN110184105A (en) * 2019-06-29 2019-08-30 深圳市名剑日用品有限公司 A kind of garbage prepares solid combustible organic fuels device
CN111644447A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 浙江明佳环保科技股份有限公司 Dewatering device for kitchen waste

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105817306A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-08-03 巢湖学院 Treatment device for kitchen waste
CN110184105A (en) * 2019-06-29 2019-08-30 深圳市名剑日用品有限公司 A kind of garbage prepares solid combustible organic fuels device
CN111644447A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-11 浙江明佳环保科技股份有限公司 Dewatering device for kitchen waste

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170125

Termination date: 20190520

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee