CN205496974U - Universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves - Google Patents

Universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205496974U
CN205496974U CN201620301146.4U CN201620301146U CN205496974U CN 205496974 U CN205496974 U CN 205496974U CN 201620301146 U CN201620301146 U CN 201620301146U CN 205496974 U CN205496974 U CN 205496974U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide
drive
shaft
servomotor
gantry
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620301146.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
袁正武
汤楚莹
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HUBEI NEW SANYOU CNC MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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HUBEI NEW SANYOU CNC MACHINE TOOL CO Ltd
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Priority to CN201620301146.4U priority Critical patent/CN205496974U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205496974U publication Critical patent/CN205496974U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves, it has been solved, and prior art can not to the arbitrary angle plane on the large -scale work piece or the curved surface be drilld, the tapping problem, its characterized in that: the workstation is fixed, and the planer -type removes the frame, constitutes X to actuating mechanism by two sets of ball screw and servo motor, the Y of middle cross beam is supported by the bearing by axle bush supporting seat, right -hand member to the mandrel left end, installs in controlling the stand framework, is equipped with on the right -hand member mandrel to pay five rotary mechanism that form with servo motor by the worm wheel, and the drive middle cross beam is around the axle center rotation, the slide is installed on the preceding Y of middle cross beam is to the rectangular guide rail, is controlled to the actuating mechanism drive by Y and removes, install the worm wheel perpendicularly and pay the four -axis rotary driving mechanism who constitutes with servo motor in the slide, its worm -wheel shaft is the hollow shaft, and the slip table is installed in slide in front, the center pin cartridge of slip table is downthehole at slide worm wheel hollow shaft, and the drive slip table is around the center rotation of slide worm wheel, the headstock is installed on slip table Z in front is to the rectangular guideway, is reciprocated to the actuating mechanism drive by Z. The complete machine comes adjusting main shaft machine direction with the five -axle linkage mode.

Description

Universal movable beam type gantry numerical control drilling machine
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to metal working machine tool field, particularly with regard to a kind of can holing the arbitrarily angled face on workpiece, universal movable beam type gantry numerical control drilling machine of tapping.
Background technology:
The most socially with the presence of the numerical control drilling milling machine of various titles, allowing people produce a kind of illusion, as drilling machine, milling machine can unite two into one, become a class lathe, actually this is not so.Divide from technique;Milling is Surface Machining, and processing purpose is face, and drilling is depth processing, and processing purpose is hole, is the processing request of two kinds of fundamental differences;Diversity (horizontal milling, vertical milling, angular milling etc.) due to surface milling mode, in addition the development of digital control system, use four axles, five axles down to linked manner such as six axles on the basis of different milling modes, the development level of today's numerical control milling machine, the plane of various angles or curved surface nearly all can be molded with milling.But, lathe carries out holing at the arbitrary surfaces of parts, tapping time, the processing direction of feed of machine tool chief axis must be perpendicular to the arbitrary surfaces of workpiece (plane, curved surface).This is that lathe is holed, tapping adds the technological requirement that must assure that man-hour.All arbitrarily angled can be able to be holed and the numerical control drilling machine of numerical control rigid tapping, it is necessary to possess: 1, machine tool chief axis allows for universal being adjusted to and is perpendicular to arbitrarily angled machined surface (plane, curved surface);2, speed of mainshaft numerical control is adjustable;3, axis feeding direction is consistent with spindle axis line direction, feed speed numerical control is adjustable.Three indispensable.Currently, it is possible to mill out arbitrary plane, the lathe of curved surface does not all possess above-mentioned three performances, thus can not be holed in the arbitrarily angled face on workpiece, tapping.
The development of modern industry, machine components, to complicating, maximize development, the part such as baroque various large-scale bodies or shell, have on the plane in various direction, inclined-plane, curved surface and need boring, tapping;In addition, heavy parts volume is big, weight big, stirs difficulty;At present, a lot of local main still armrests move way to solve boring and the tapping problem of arbitrary surfaces on heavy parts.Time-consuming, take a lot of work, quality it cannot be guaranteed that.
Summary of the invention:
The purpose of this utility model be for market provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, five-axle linkage, mobile flexibly, accurate positioning, it is possible to is holed in the arbitrarily angled face on workpiece, universal movable beam type gantry numerical control drilling machine of tapping.
The technical solution of the utility model is: lathe overall plan is dynamic diplodocus gate-type, numerical control five-shaft linkage.Lathe base is rectangle flat placed type framework, and workbench is self, it is motionless to be fixed on frame center, and a rectangle grade beam is respectively put on workbench longitudinally (X to) left and right both sides, and every grade beam is provided with straight line guide rail.By left and right pillar, upper back timber and gantry, left and right stand are assembled into fixing, the planer-type moving frame of rigidity, gantry, left and right stand of frame is separately mounted on two line slideways of the rectangle grade beam about workbench, five groups of (can be many groups) special slides of line slideway are installed on stand every limit in gantry, line slideway on gantry stand and rectangle grade beam is mutually buckled and ensures mutual glade plane space, formed X by two groups of ball screws and servomotor to be placed on the rectangle grade beam of left and right to drive mechanism (referred to as one axle), feed screw nut and nut seat are arranged on the stand of gantry, X can drive the gantry stand (containing other parts rack-mounted) two straight line rails on rectangle grade beam to lead to drive mechanism to make X to movement.Middle cross beam is rectangular beam, left and right is provided with the mandrel of concentric, seat is supported equipped with copper bearing shell in middle cross beam left end mandrel, end is equipped with tapering power-off braker, support seat shell to be installed in left column framework, equipped with the rotary drive mechanism (referred to as five axles) being made up of accurate worm gear pairs decelerator and servomotor in middle cross beam right-hand member mandrel, mandrel is inserted directly into worm gear center, it is fixedly connected by spline with worm gear, equipped with bearing in the mandrel on worm gear both sides, bearing outer ring is fixed on the housing of drive mechanism, and drive mechanism housing is fixed in right column framework.As it has been described above, middle cross beam two ends mandrel is supported seat supports, right-hand member worm gear pairs rotary drive mechanism by bearing and copper bearing shell respectively, middle cross beam can be driven to rotate around its worm gear axle center, after rotating stopping, middle cross beam is pinned by left end taper power-off braker.Being provided with two horizontal (Y-direction) rectangular guidewaies on middle cross beam front surface, slide is arranged on two rectangular guidewaies, pressing plate panel compresses and adjust mutual gap;The Y-direction drive mechanism (referred to as two axles) formed equipped with ball screw and servomotor in the middle of two rectangular guidewaies, feed screw nut and nut seat are arranged on slide behind, and it is mobile that Y-direction drive mechanism (two axles) can drive slide (other parts containing being arranged on slide) to make laterally (Y-direction) on the Y-direction guide rail of middle cross beam.Slide front surface center, is vertically installed with accurate worm gear pairs decelerator and the rotary drive mechanism (referred to as four axles) of servomotor composition, and reducing gearbox is circular, it is integrated with slide, worm-wheel shaft is hollow female splined shaft, two ends bearings, and bearings at both ends outer ring is arranged in slide seat body;Servomotor is arranged on one end of worm screw, couples (connecting mode is identical with above-mentioned five axles) with worm screw with shaft coupling;Slide unit is arranged on before slide, and the central shaft of slide unit is inserted in the internal splined hole of worm gear hollow shaft, spline be fixedly connected.Thus, slide unit and worm gear are formed as that a rotation is conjuncted, and slide unit is backed with circular guard shield, is enclosed within the circular housing of slide worm gear pairs decelerator, equipped with electric brake on guard shield;Rotary drive mechanism (four axles) can drive the conjuncted worm gear central rotation around slide of slide unit, rotates after stopping, and slide unit can be locked by the electric brake on slide unit guard shield.Being provided with about two vertical (Z-direction) rectangular guidewaies before slide unit, main spindle box is arranged on two rectangular guidewaies of slide unit, and compressed by pressing plate panel and adjust a wage scale mutual gap.Being provided with ball screw and the Z-direction drive mechanism (referred to as three axles) of servomotor composition in the middle of slide unit two guide rail, main spindle box is behind equipped with feed screw nut and nut seat, during lathe work, Z-direction drive mechanism drive shaft case Z-direction move carry out holing, tapping.In the main shaft upper end of main spindle box, numerical control codes device is installed, can the accurately numerical control speed of mainshaft, when rigid tapping apply.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: workbench is for independent fixed, and big, heavy parts is installed on the table, and adding workpiece in man-hour need not stir, gantry support body move into row processing.Main spindle box passes through numerical control five-shaft linkage, universal for main shaft being adjusted to can be perpendicular to any direction machined surface on workpiece (plane, curved surface), carries out holing, tapping processing.Movable gantry (X to) and table movable type lathe, same longitudinal direction (X to) stroke, bed piece is short by 1/2nd, occupy little space, lathe cost is relatively low.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the utility model is further described.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is the utility model main TV structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model left view structural representation;
Fig. 3 is the utility model 5-axis movement schematic diagram.
In figure: 1 is rectangle grade beam, 2 is workbench, 3 is gantry stand, 4 is left column, 5 is right column, 6 is upper back timber, 7 is line slideway, 8 is line rail slide, 9 is that X is to drive mechanism, 10 is middle cross beam, 11 is middle cross beam mandrel, 12 is bearing, 13 is worm gear, 14 is worm screw, 15 is shaft coupling, 16 is servomotor, 17 is that copper bearing shell supports seat, 18 is taper power-off braker, 19 is rectangular guideway, 20 is slide, 21 is slide pressing plate panel, 22 is rotary drive mechanism, 23 is Y-direction drive mechanism, 24 is bearing, 25 is slide unit, 26 is slide unit rectangular guideway, 27 is main spindle box, 28 is casing pressing plate panel, 28 is Z-direction drive mechanism, 30 is main shaft, 31 is numerical control codes device, 32 is electric brake.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2: movable beam type five-axle linkage gantry numerical control drilling machine is to be made up of moving frame, workbench 2, slide unit 25, main spindle box 27 and main shaft 30 etc., workbench 2 is stand-alone configuration, it is fixed on bedframe center motionless, greatly, heavy workpiece fixing on the table, add and be not required to mobile, upset man-hour;It is assembled into planer-type moving frame fixing, rigidity by left column 4, right column 5, upper back timber 6 and gantry, left and right stand 3, gantry, left and right stand 3 of frame is separately mounted on two line slideways 7 of the rectangle grade beam 1 of workbench about 2, every limit arranges five groups of special slides of line slideway 8, gantry stand 3 and grade beam line slideway 7 mutually buckled and ensures mutual glade plane space, two groups of ball screws and servomotor forming X to drive mechanism 9(mono-axle).Middle cross beam about 10 two ends are provided with the mandrel 11 of concentric, equipped with accurate worm gear pairs decelerator and the digital controlled rotary drive mechanism (five axles) of servomotor 16 composition in right-hand member mandrel 11, drive mechanism shell is fixed in right column framework, seat 17 and taper power-off braker 18 is supported equipped with copper bearing shell in left end mandrel 11, copper bearing shell supports the shell of seat and is fixed in the framework of left column 4, servomotor 16 is rotated around its Y-direction axle center by worm gear pairs deceleration middle cross beam, rotate after stopping, taper power-off braker 18 check middle cross beam.Slide 20 is arranged on two Y-direction rectangular guidewaies 19 of middle cross beam front surface, compressed by pressing plate panel 21 and regulate and control glade plane space, Y-direction drive mechanism 23(bis-axle) paid by ball screw and to form with servomotor, it is arranged on the centre of two Y-direction rectangular guidewaies 19 of middle cross beam, drives slide 20, slide unit 25, main spindle box 27 is conjuncted moves as Y-direction.In slide front surface center, being provided with the digital controlled rotary drive mechanism (four axles) being made up of accurate worm gear pairs decelerator 22 and servomotor, drive mechanism shell is circular, and with slide 20 one, worm gear pairs is arranged in housing, and worm-wheel shaft is hollow female splined shaft.Slide unit 25 is arranged on before slide 20, it is fixedly connected in the hole of its mandrel insertion hollow female splined shaft of worm gear and with worm gear, after slide unit 25, outer cover is circular, it is enclosed within drive mechanism shell, electric brake 32 it is provided with on outer cover after slide unit 25, rotary drive mechanism 22(tetra-axle) drive slide unit 25 and the conjuncted worm gear central shaft around slide 20 of main spindle box 27 to rotate, as shown in Figure 3.Slide unit front surface is provided with the rectangular guideway 26 of two vertical (Z-directions), and main spindle box 27 is arranged on two guide rails;Compressed by pressing plate panel 28 and adjust a wage scale mutual gap.Z-direction drive mechanism 29(tri-axle) it is arranged in the middle of 25 liang of guide rails of slide unit, Z-direction drive mechanism 29(tri-axle) the upper and lower Z-direction of drive shaft case moves, and there is encoder 31 main shaft upper end.
Implementing the utility model, be arranged on workbench 2 by workpiece during lathe work, after workpiece is fixing, X is to drive mechanism 9(mono-axle) start, gantry is conjuncted specifies position at X to moving to;Y-direction drive mechanism 23(bis-axle) start, slide 20 and slide unit 25, the conjuncted Y-direction of main spindle box 27 move to specify position;Rotary drive mechanism 22(tetra-axle) start, main spindle box 27 is in laterally (YZ face) 360 ° of rotations;Digital controlled rotary drive mechanism (five axles) starts, and main spindle box is in longitudinal direction (XZ face) 360 ° rotation.Actual add man-hour, it is by numerical control program control, run in five-axle linkage mode, control main spindle box 27 to move and two vertical to rotation at X, Y, Z three-dimensional coordinate, main shaft 30 is adjusted to the arbitrarily angled machined surface (plane, curved surface) being perpendicular on workpiece, after coordinate has moved, in addition to an axle, two axles, four axles, five axle servomotors braking itself, middle cross beam 10 is locked by left end taper power-off braker 18, and slide unit 20 is locked by electric brake in rear enclosure 32.Then mair motor starts, Z-direction drive mechanism 29(tri-axle) start, main shaft 30 rotates, and enters the programs such as rewind according to F.F. work, completes Drilling operation operation.Main shaft 30 upper end is provided with encoder 31, can accurately control main shaft 30 rotating speed, can compile and edit program, the rigid tapping operation of the screw thread that carries out varying in size.

Claims (3)

1. universal movable beam type gantry numerical control drilling machine, it includes gantry-travelling frame, workbench (2), middle cross beam (10), slide (20), slide unit (25), main spindle box (27) and main shaft (30), it is characterized in that: described frame is assembled into by left column (4), right column (5), upper back timber (6) and left and right gantry stand (3), planer-type moving frame that fix, rigidity, left and right gantry stand (3) of frame is separately mounted on two line slideways (7) of workbench (2) left and right rectangle grade beam (1) upper surface;It is coupled to each other by five groups of every limit line rail slide (8) and ensures glade plane space;Workbench (2) is self, is fixed on the center of left and right rectangle grade beam (1), two groups of ball screws and servomotor form X and be placed on left and right rectangle grade beam (1) to drive mechanism (9), and feed screw nut and nut seat are arranged on the stand of gantry;Middle cross beam (10) supports seat (17) by bearing shell and bearing (12) is installed on left and right column, equipped with rotary drive mechanism in right-hand member mandrel (11);Middle cross beam (10) front surface is provided with two horizontal (Y-direction) rectangular guidewaies (19), slide (20) is arranged on rectangular guideway (19), compressed and adjust mutual gap by pressing plate panel (21), the Y-direction drive mechanism (23) formed equipped with ball screw and servomotor in the middle of two rectangular guidewaies (19), feed screw nut and nut seat are arranged on slide (20) back side;In slide (20) front surface center, it is vertically installed with accurate worm gear pairs decelerator and the rotary drive mechanism (22) of servomotor composition, reducing gearbox is circular, it is integrated with slide (20), worm-wheel shaft is hollow female splined shaft, two ends are supported by the bearing (24) being arranged in slide seat body, servomotor is arranged on one end of worm screw, couple with worm screw with shaft coupling, slide unit (25) is arranged on before slide (20), slide unit central shaft inserts in the splined hole of worm gear hollow shaft, interfix connection, the slide unit back side arranges circular guard shield, it is enclosed within the circular housing of slide worm gear pairs decelerator, and equipped with electric brake (32) on guard shield;About two vertical rectangular guidewaies (26) it are provided with before slide unit, main spindle box (27) is arranged on two rectangular guidewaies (26) of slide unit, compressed by pressing plate panel (28) and adjusted a wage scale mutual gap, being provided with ball screw and the Z-direction drive mechanism (29) of servomotor composition in the middle of slide unit (25) two guide rail, feed screw nut and nut seat are arranged on main spindle box (27) back side.
Universal movable beam type gantry the most according to claim 1 numerical control drilling machine, it is characterized in that, it is made up of accurate worm gear pairs decelerator and servomotor (16) equipped with rotary drive mechanism in middle cross beam (10) right-hand member mandrel (11), mandrel (11) is inserted directly into worm gear (13) and is fixedly connected centrally through spline, rotary drive mechanism housing is fixed in right column (5) framework, servomotor (16) is arranged on one end of worm screw, coupling with worm screw (14) with shaft coupling (15), left end mandrel end section is equipped with taper power-off braker.
Universal movable beam type gantry the most according to claim 1 numerical control drilling machine, it is characterised in that: control the speed of mainshaft when numerical control codes device (31) main shaft rigid tapping is installed in main shaft (30) upper end of main spindle box (27).
CN201620301146.4U 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves Expired - Fee Related CN205496974U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620301146.4U CN205496974U (en) 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620301146.4U CN205496974U (en) 2016-04-12 2016-04-12 Universal beam type longmen numerically -controlled drilling machine that moves

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106272687A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-01-04 余静远 A kind of drilling machine
CN106738121A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 广东威德力机械实业股份有限公司 A kind of double end electro spindle numerical control seat mortising machine
CN107790786A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-13 单杰 A kind of perforating mechanism and its application method of pipe joint end face
CN108015165A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-11 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Automatic production line manipulator cross bar and movement simulation frock
CN108526897A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-09-14 成都福誉科技有限公司 Automatic drilling chasing bar and method
CN112201141A (en) * 2020-09-21 2021-01-08 南京工业大学浦江学院 Teaching desktop type miniature five-axis linkage numerical control machine tool
CN113263327A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-08-17 大连理工大学 Milling, grinding and polishing integrated equipment and machining method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106272687A (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-01-04 余静远 A kind of drilling machine
CN106738121A (en) * 2016-12-21 2017-05-31 广东威德力机械实业股份有限公司 A kind of double end electro spindle numerical control seat mortising machine
CN107790786A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-03-13 单杰 A kind of perforating mechanism and its application method of pipe joint end face
CN108015165A (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-05-11 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Automatic production line manipulator cross bar and movement simulation frock
CN108015165B (en) * 2017-12-05 2020-05-08 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 Automatic change production line manipulator horizontal pole and motion simulation frock
CN108526897A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-09-14 成都福誉科技有限公司 Automatic drilling chasing bar and method
CN112201141A (en) * 2020-09-21 2021-01-08 南京工业大学浦江学院 Teaching desktop type miniature five-axis linkage numerical control machine tool
CN113263327A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-08-17 大连理工大学 Milling, grinding and polishing integrated equipment and machining method

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160824

Termination date: 20210412