CN205351400U - Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau - Google Patents

Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205351400U
CN205351400U CN201620034294.4U CN201620034294U CN205351400U CN 205351400 U CN205351400 U CN 205351400U CN 201620034294 U CN201620034294 U CN 201620034294U CN 205351400 U CN205351400 U CN 205351400U
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China
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double
fuel
furnace body
burner hearth
cooking stove
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620034294.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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王耀民
王添
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Individual
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Abstract

Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau includes: be provided with double -deck furnace body (2) of firing the burning furnace thorax, lie in flame combustion chamber (1) of double -deck furnace body (2) top, furnace (21), cover that double -deck furnace body (2) inner chamber formed establish in furnace (21) outside overcoat (22), send fuel feed inlet (3), discharge fume tub (12), base (6) be connected from scum pipe (23) of furnace discharge fuel lime -ash, with flame combustion chamber (1) of fuel, air -supply line (63) be connected with the fan toward furnace, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that, have that novel structure is reasonable, burning behavior is superior, the fuel source extensively, performance safe and reliable, use broad, the energy -concerving and environment -protective characteristics such as showing of easy operation, application scope.

Description

Plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove
Technical field
This utility model relates to the structure technology that a kind of cooking stove makes, and is specifically related to the making structure of a kind of plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, and vast rural urbanization resident is relatively abundant because of its fuel ratio such as faggot, straw, and some rural areas are without gas supply, so commonly using firewood oven or coal furnace is heated up water and cooked.And in highlands, owing to atmospheric pressure is low, atmospheric density is little, content of oxygen in air is few, causing that fuel burns in common cooking stove insufficient, not only flame temperature is low, the thermal efficiency is low, and can produce substantial amounts of noxious fume when burning, when cooking, kitchen smoke fire burns, neither energy-conservation unhygienic again, and while waste fuel source, serious environment pollution, also can the health of harmful to human.Therefore, the structure of the common cooking stove in existing plateau is further improved.
20 April year First Five-Year Plan " State Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China is about accelerating to advance the suggestion of Ecological Civilization Construction " point out: " Ecological Civilization Construction is the important content of socialist cause with Chinese characteristics; the relation well-being of the people; concern national future; concerning ' two 100 years ' realization of the objective of the struggle and the dream of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation China "; for " strengthening natural ecosystems and environmental conservation dynamics; quality of conscientiously improving the ecological environment ", propose specially and " to promote energy saving and environment friendly cooking stove ".Therefore, response party and state calls, and for rural area and Development and Production one plateau, highlands multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, just seems very urgent and necessary.
Existing energy saving and environment friendly cooking stove, although had the structure of twice aeration, but owing to Duct design is unreasonable, air intake approach is different, burns insufficient, can affect and cause different combustion efficiencies, not be suitable for highlands.Due to the particularity of highland oxygen-feeding and the demand property of pluralities of fuel and the feature of environmental protection, also just propose the requirements at the higher level that the multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove for plateau is designed.
Summary of the invention
Can not fully burn in common cooking stove to solve above-mentioned existing highlands fuel, produce volume of smoke, the problem wasting the energy, contaminated environment, this utility model provides a kind of novel structure, makes simply, can use pluralities of fuel, sufficient combustion, the thermal efficiency is high, the multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove being intended especially for plateau of smokeless and dust free.
(1) the purpose of this utility model is achieved by the following technical solution:
1, plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, including: the double-layer furnace body 2 being provided with burner hearth, the fuel feed inlet 3 being positioned at the flame combustion room 1 above double-layer furnace body 2, be set in the overcoat 22 outside burner hearth 21, send toward burner hearth fuel, discharge smoke exhaust pipe 12 that the scum pipe 23 of fuel lime-ash is connected with flame combustion room 1 from burner hearth, blast pipe 63 that base 6 is connected with blower fan;
This utility model is characterised by, described flame combustion room 1 is directly connected to double-layer furnace body 2 annular below, and fuel feed inlet 3 is connected through overcoat 22 with the side of burner hearth 21;Upper port at double-layer furnace body 2 is provided with the flame disk 4 of taper upper cover 41, and scum pipe 23 is arranged on the bottom of burner hearth 21;The bottom of double-layer furnace body 2 is connected with blast pipe 63;Wherein:
First group of air inlet 25 is offered in the bottom being positioned at burner hearth 21, second group of air inlet 26 is offered in the middle and upper part being positioned at burner hearth 21, offer the 3rd group of air inlet 27 on the top being positioned at burner hearth 21 by port, be provided with the 4th group of air inlet 13 in the lower end of flame combustion room 1.
2, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, flame disk 4 is designed as hollow flat under an annular epicone, its taper upper cover 41 is cone, the centre of flame disk 4 is the bocca 42 of tubular, bocca 42 is connected with taper upper cover 41 and lower shoe 46, the bottom of lower shoe 46 be provided with flue gas air inlet group 45 and on the periphery that turns over be equipped with air inflow openings group 44, be provided with gaseous mixture fumarole group 43 in the middle and upper part of the bocca 42 of tubular.
3, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterised in that the upper end of scum pipe 23 is provided with pipe lid 24, the overcoat 22 trailing flank root of double-layer furnace body 2 is equipped with ash discharge plug 28.
5, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterised in that smoke exhaust pipe 12 is contained in the trailing flank of flame combustion room 1, in overcoat 22 upper port equipped with annular furnace panel 11 annular, the downward flange in periphery.
6, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterised in that in the outer end of fuel feed inlet 3 equipped with fire door 31, fire door 31 is provided with handle support plate and bakelite handle 32 and handle support plate stroke limit part 33.
7, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterised in that the bottom of double-layer furnace body 2 is connected with the bedplate 62 of base 6, and aerator blast pipe 63 is arranged on the bedplate 62 of base 6, and aerator is coupled blows inwards;Base 6 is square, and four feet support, and corner is fillet, and four cycle side plate middle and upper parts have multiple louvre 61.
8, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, on overcoat 22 surface of flame combustion room 1 and double-layer furnace body 2 equipped with protection network 5, the centre of overcoat 22 outer surface of protection network 5 and flame combustion room 1 and double-layer furnace body 2 is provided with multiple net support member 51.
9, plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterised in that being arranged on above flame combustion room 1 annular furnace panel 11 is pot supporter 7, pot supporter 7 is that up big and down small two circles add the turbination support body that several pole connects into.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, adopt multi-level forced air inlet pattern, use the aerator bottom air feed from cooking stove, and by many groups air inlet of double-layer furnace body to the different parts forced air supply of burner hearth, an oxygen-enriched combusting environment is created at burner hearth and flame combustion room, promoting fuel repeatedly, fully burn, not only flame temperature is high, save fuel, and smokeless and dust free in combustion;This cooking stove can use the pluralities of fuels such as firewood, straw, shell, coal, if every combustible can put into burner hearth all can as fuel combustion, fuel source is very extensive.
This utility model not only can make full use of the existing pluralities of fuel resource in rural area; improve stove thermal efficiency, save the energy; and reduce again pollution, protection environment; while reaching energy-saving and environmental protection purpose; also users can be effectively helped to reduce fuel cost; improve and quality of making the life better, be the support of most realistic " accelerating to advance Ecological Civilization Construction " activity that the Party Central Committee is proposed.So, Development and Production plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, energy-conserving and environment-protective, to benefit the nation and the people, profit is in the present age, merit in eternal lasting, and meaning is very great.
This utility model compared with prior art, has novel and reasonable structure, combustibility is superior, fuel source is extensive, performance safety is reliable, use the features such as simple to operate, the scope of application is broad, energy-conserving and environment-protective are notable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is product structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the A A cut-away view of Fig. 1;Number in the figure: 1 flame combustion room, 11 annular furnace panels, 12 smoke exhaust pipes, 13 the 4th groups of air inlets, 2 double-layer furnace bodies, 21 burner hearths, 22 overcoats, 23 scum pipes, 24 pipe lids, 25 first groups of air inlets, 26 second groups of air inlets, 27 the 3rd groups of air inlets, 28 ash discharge plugs, 3 fuel feed inlets, 31 fire doors, 32 stove door handles, 33 handle travel locating parts, 4 flame disks, 41 taper upper covers, 42 boccas, 43 gaseous mixture fumarole groups, 44 air inflow openings groups, 45 flue gas air inlet groups, 46 lower shoes, 5 protection networks, 51 net support members, 6 bases, 61 base louvre groups, 62 bedplates, 63 aerator blast pipes, 7 taper pot supporters.
Detailed description of the invention
See Fig. 1, Fig. 2, plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, including: be provided with burner hearth double-layer furnace body 2, be positioned at the flame combustion room 1 above double-layer furnace body 2, burner hearth 21 that double-layer furnace body 2 inner chamber is formed, be set in the overcoat 22 burner hearth 21 outside, the fuel feed inlet 3 that send fuel toward burner hearth, the blast pipe 63 that is connected with blower fan from the smoke exhaust pipe 12 that is connected with flame combustion room 1 of scum pipe 23 of burner hearth discharge fuel lime-ash, base 6;
This utility model is characterised by, described flame combustion room 1 is directly connected to double-layer furnace body 2 annular below, and fuel feed inlet 3 is connected through overcoat 22 with the side of burner hearth 21;Upper port at double-layer furnace body 2 is provided with the flame disk 4 of taper upper cover 41, and scum pipe 23 is arranged on the bottom of burner hearth 29;The bottom of double-layer furnace body 2 is connected with blast pipe 63;Wherein:
First group of air inlet 25 is offered in the bottom being positioned at burner hearth 21, second group of air inlet 26 is offered in the middle and upper part being positioned at burner hearth 21, offer the 3rd group of air inlet 27 on the top being positioned at burner hearth 21 by port, be provided with the 4th group of air inlet 13 in the lower end of flame combustion room 1.
This utility model flame disk 4 is designed as hollow flat under an annular epicone, its taper upper cover 41 is cone, the centre of flame disk 4 is the bocca 42 of tubular, bocca 42 is connected with taper upper cover 41 and lower shoe 46, the bottom of lower shoe 46 be provided with flue gas air inlet group 45 and on the periphery that turns over be equipped with air inflow openings group 44, be provided with gaseous mixture fumarole group 43 in the middle and upper part of the bocca 42 of tubular.
The upper end of this utility model scum pipe 23 is provided with pipe lid 24, and the overcoat 22 trailing flank root of double-layer furnace body 2 is equipped with ash discharge plug 28.
This utility model smoke exhaust pipe 12 is contained in the trailing flank of flame combustion room 1, in overcoat 22 upper port equipped with annular furnace panel 11 annular, the downward flange in periphery.
This utility model equipped with fire door 31, fire door 31 is provided with handle support plate and bakelite handle 32 and handle support plate stroke limit part 33 in the outer end of fuel feed inlet 3.
The bottom of this utility model double-layer furnace body 2 is connected with the bedplate 62 of base 6, and aerator blast pipe 63 is arranged on the bedplate 62 of base 6, and aerator is coupled blows inwards;Base 6 is square, and four feet support, and corner is fillet, and four cycle side plate middle and upper parts have multiple louvre 61.
This utility model equipped with protection network 5, is provided with multiple net support member 51 in the centre of overcoat 22 outer surface of protection network 5 and flame combustion room 1 and double-layer furnace body 2 on overcoat 22 surface of flame combustion room 1 and double-layer furnace body 2.
It is pot supporter 7 that this utility model is arranged on above flame combustion room 1 annular furnace panel 11, and pot supporter 7 is that up big and down small two circles add the turbination support body that several pole connects into.
(2) utility model works principle and each parts purposes
First fire door 31 is opened during igniting, the fuel such as the faggot ignited are delivered in the burner hearth 21 of double-layer furnace body 2 by fuel feed inlet 3, light fuel and open blower fan, fire door 31 is closed after being gradually added into appropriate fuel again, the air that now first group of air inlet 25 of burner hearth 21 is sent into is that fuel provides the oxygen of burning so as to primary combustion, then the air of second group of air inlet 26 feeding is that fuel further provides for the oxygen of burning so as to burn more fully, under the promotion of wind-force, burned flame burns away in flame combustion room 1 after spraying from the bocca 42 of flame disk 4 and acts on the bottom of a pan;In burner hearth 21, the high-temperature flue gas of other incomplete combustion enters the inner chamber of flame disk 4 bottom flame disk 4 under the swabbing action of flue gas air inlet group 45, sending with the 3rd group of air inlet 27 from burner hearth 21 upper port and passing through the air inflow openings group 44 of flame disk 4 enters after the air of flame disk 4 inner chamber is sufficiently mixed, and the gaseous mixture fumarole group 43 from bocca 42 sprays and burns.
Force oxygen-supplying combustion-supportings by above-mentioned continuous three times, create the environment of an oxygen-enriched combusting for fuel so that it reaches repeatedly, fully, burn completely.Owing to fuel combustion is complete, fully, not only flame temperature is high, and does not have black smoke, thus having reached the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective in heat release.
The taper upper cover plate 41 of flame disk 4 adopts pyramidal structure, and one is the space that can effectively increase flame disk 4 inner chamber, it is possible to make entrance flue gas therein and air be sufficiently mixed better, improves it flammable;Two is the bulk strength that can increase flame disk 4 so that it is more durable.
The volume plenum formed between burner hearth 21 and the overcoat 22 of double-layer furnace body 2, sending in burner hearth 21 and provide oxygen again through 25, second group of air inlet 26 of first group of air inlet and the 3rd group of air inlet 27 for burning after can being preheated in air chamber by the air that enter from aerator blast pipe 63, hot blast has better combustion-supporting effect than cold wind.
Being arranged on the taper pot supporter 7 above flame combustion room 1 furnace panel 11 is independent parts, can lay out as required or take off, and effect is to put various pans not of uniform size thereon, and the suitability making cooking stove is more extensive.
It is arranged on the 4th air inlet group 13 of flame combustion room 1 root; its effect is to be placed on furnace panel 11 when cookware swing; flame combustion room 1 is formed when closing envelope burning, again to air inlet oxygenating in flame combustion room 1, it is ensured that flame fully burns in combustor 1 and will not suffocate not because of oxygen.Being arranged on the smoke exhaust pipe 12 of flame combustion room 1 trailing flank, its effect is can be discharged by the waste gas that burning produces when envelope burning is closed in flame combustion room 1.
It is arranged on the ash discharge plug 28 of double-layer furnace body 2 overcoat 22 back lower place, its effect is that cooking stove has in the mezzanine space that the tiny lime-ash of trace falls into double-layer furnace body 2 from the hole of the first air inlet group 25 bottom burner hearth 21 in the course of the work, when clearing up when using a period of time to need, only need to turn round the plug bolt of lower ash discharge plug 28 and open blower fan, lime-ash therefrom can be blown out.
It is arranged on flame combustion room 1 and the protection network 5 of double-layer furnace body 2 outer surface, its effect is mainly anti-scald, because cooking stove operationally hull-skin temperature is higher, after protection network 5 is set, can effectively separate the cooking stove outer surface of high temperature, will not feel boiling hot when human contact's protection network 5, it is ensured that the use safety of cooking stove.The centre of protection network 5 and flame combustion room 1 and double-layer furnace body 2 outer surface is provided with multiple net support member 51, is used for separating and support protection network 5.
Cooking stove work is complete, it is necessary to when being cleared out by the remaining lime-ash that burns in burner hearth 21, only needs first to be taken out by flame disk 4, then is opened by pipe lid 24, can be cleared out by scum pipe 23 by lime-ash easily.

Claims (8)

1. plateau multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, including: be provided with burner hearth double-layer furnace body (2), be positioned at the flame combustion room (1) of double-layer furnace body (2) top, burner hearth (21) that double-layer furnace body (2) inner chamber is formed, be set in the outside overcoat (22) of burner hearth (21), send toward burner hearth fuel fuel feed inlet (3), discharge smoke exhaust pipe (12) that the scum pipe (23) of fuel lime-ash is connected with flame combustion room (1) from burner hearth, blast pipe (63) that base (6) is connected with blower fan;
It is characterized in that, described flame combustion room (1) is directly connected to double-layer furnace body (2) annular below, and fuel feed inlet (3) is connected through overcoat (22) with the side of burner hearth (21);Upper port at double-layer furnace body (2) is provided with the flame disk (4) of taper upper cover (41), and scum pipe (23) is arranged on the bottom of burner hearth (21);The bottom of double-layer furnace body (2) is connected with blast pipe (63);Wherein:
First group of air inlet (25) is offered in the bottom being positioned at burner hearth (21), second group of air inlet (26) is offered in the middle and upper part being positioned at burner hearth (21), offer the 3rd group of air inlet (27) on the top being positioned at burner hearth (21) by port, be provided with the 4th group of air inlet (13) in the lower end of flame combustion room (1).
2. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, flame disk (4) is designed as hollow flat under an annular epicone, its taper upper cover (41) is cone, the bocca that centre is tubular (42) of flame disk (4), bocca (42) is connected with taper upper cover (41) and lower shoe (46), it is provided with flue gas air inlet group (45) in the bottom of lower shoe (46) and the periphery above turned over is equipped with air inflow openings group (44), it is provided with gaseous mixture fumarole group (43) in the middle and upper part of the bocca (42) of tubular.
3. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, the upper end of scum pipe (23) is provided with pipe lid (24), and overcoat (22) the trailing flank root of double-layer furnace body (2) is equipped with ash discharge plug (28).
4. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, smoke exhaust pipe (12) is contained in the trailing flank of flame combustion room (1), in overcoat (22) upper port equipped with annular furnace panel (11) annular, the downward flange in periphery.
5. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, in the outer end of fuel feed inlet (3) equipped with fire door (31), fire door (31) is provided with handle support plate and bakelite handle (32) and handle support plate stroke limit part (33).
6. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, the bottom of double-layer furnace body (2) is connected with the bedplate (62) of base (6), aerator blast pipe (63) is arranged on the bedplate (62) of base (6), and aerator is coupled blows inwards;Base (6) is for square, and four feet support, and corner is fillet, and four cycle side plate middle and upper parts have multiple louvre (61).
7. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, on overcoat (22) surface of flame combustion room (1) and double-layer furnace body (2) equipped with protection network (5), the centre of overcoat (22) outer surface of protection network (5) and flame combustion room (1) and double-layer furnace body (2) is provided with multiple net support member (51).
8. plateau according to claim 1 multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly type cooking stove, it is characterized in that, what be arranged on flame combustion room (1) annular furnace panel (11) top is pot supporter (7), and pot supporter (7) adds, for up big and down small two circles, the turbination support body that several pole connects into.
CN201620034294.4U 2016-01-14 2016-01-14 Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau Expired - Fee Related CN205351400U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620034294.4U CN205351400U (en) 2016-01-14 2016-01-14 Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620034294.4U CN205351400U (en) 2016-01-14 2016-01-14 Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205351400U true CN205351400U (en) 2016-06-29

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620034294.4U Expired - Fee Related CN205351400U (en) 2016-01-14 2016-01-14 Energy -concerving and environment -protective type kitchen range of many fuel in plateau

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160629

Termination date: 20200114

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee