CN2471778Y - Stalk gasifying furnace - Google Patents

Stalk gasifying furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2471778Y
CN2471778Y CN 01205982 CN01205982U CN2471778Y CN 2471778 Y CN2471778 Y CN 2471778Y CN 01205982 CN01205982 CN 01205982 CN 01205982 U CN01205982 U CN 01205982U CN 2471778 Y CN2471778 Y CN 2471778Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vaporizer
combustion chamber
heat
combustion
gasification
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 01205982
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
卢小健
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
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Priority to CN 01205982 priority Critical patent/CN2471778Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2471778Y publication Critical patent/CN2471778Y/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw gasification furnace, which comprises a combustion part and a gasification part. The combustion part is provided with a combustion chamber and a smoke absorbing layer is arranged at the periphery; a flue is arranged between the top of the combustion room and the smoke absorbing layer; a heat absorbing layer is arranged at the periphery of the smoke absorbing layer; a water tank is arranged outside the heat absorbing layer; a chimney is arranged on the heat absorbing layer; the gasification part is provided with a gasification room; an air outlet is arranged on the outer wall at the top of the gasification room; a secondary intake airway is arranged outside the gasification room; a furnace insulating layer is arranged outside the secondary intake airway and is communicated with the secondary intake airway. The utility model has the advantages of being safe, having high efficiency, being energy-saving, having no pollution, being convenient to use, and being suitable for wide popularization and beneficial to the society.

Description

Stalk gasifier
The utility model relates to domestic energy-saving heating facilities technical field, particularly a kind of family expenses stalk gasifier.
Traditional cooking stove all is from bottom to top to burn, and there are a lot of shortcomings in this combustion method, and fast such as burning, consumptive material is many, pollutes greatly etc., uses very inconvenient.The vapourizing furnace that generally uses all needs gasification earlier in recent years, stores again, and the multiple operation of final combustion still has inconvenience in the use.
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of economy, safety, can reduce pollution, stalk gasifier easy to use.
The technical scheme that realizes the utility model purpose is:
A kind of stalk gasifier is made up of combustion parts and gasification part.Combustion parts is provided with the combustion chamber, combustion chamber outer periphery one smoking layer, and smoking layer outer wall is higher than the combustion chamber, and the top of combustion chamber space is communicated with the smoking layer, forms a flue; Smoking layer outer periphery one heat-sink shell is established a chimney on the heat-sink shell, a water tank is established in the heat-sink shell outside.The gasification part is established a vaporizer, and vaporizer outer wall upper end is provided with production well, and production well is communicated with vaporizer with the combustion chamber, and a secondary air road is established in the vaporizer outside, and the outside in secondary air road is provided with the thermal insulation layer that communicates with it.The body of heater lower case is provided with blast inlet and secondary air mouth.
Smoking layer outer wall is provided with the heat absorption hole, and it is communicated with smoking layer and heat-sink shell.
The bottom is provided with fire grate and ash bucket in the vaporizer.
The utility model adopt from top to bottom the secondary backfire and the method for secondary air, strengthened the air input of combustion chamber, have a large amount of oxygen to enter, combustiblematerials is fully burned, improves thermo-efficiency, save energy, save material, reduced environmental pollution simultaneously.This vapourizing furnace can be with direct gasification, and combustion in body of heater such as various carbon containing inflammable substances such as wheat straw stalk, beans bar, cotton stalk, corn cob, assorted bavin, sawdust, it is drawn materials extensively, no smoke contamination, and firepower is big, speed of ignition is fast, anti-burning, economical and practical, floor space is little, with other vapourizing furnace not being both burning, gasifying and heating to coexist and finish in the body of heater in itself, use very easyly, safety coefficient is higher, and energy-saving benefit is remarkable.
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation
Fig. 2 is a front view
Fig. 3 is a vertical view
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done and to be described in further detail:
A kind of stalk gasifier is made up of combustion parts and gasification part.Combustion parts is provided with combustion chamber 1, the outer periphery one smoking layer 4 of combustion chamber 1, the outer wall of smoking layer 4 is higher than the combustion chamber, the headspace of combustion chamber 1 is communicated with the smoking layer, form a flue 8, flue 8 flows into chimney 6 with unburned gas slowly ground by heat absorption hole 5, and at this moment the high temperature of combustion chamber 1 enters flue 8, the inflammable gas that ignites makes the water tank 2 that is located at heat-sink shell 3 peripheries obtain heating.
The gasification part is provided with vaporizer 9, and a secondary air road 10 is established in vaporizer 9 outsides, and secondary air road 10 has strengthened the air input of combustion chamber, makes combustiblematerials have a large amount of oxygen to enter when vaporizer 9 burnings, and it is more abundant to burn.Vaporizer 9 outer walls upper end is provided with production well 12, when making the hot gas rising of vaporizer, produces very big suction, 10 suck a large amount of air from the secondary air road, and simultaneously, the air that enters blows flame and makes progress away, strengthen the dynamics of flame, improved making full use of of the interior heat of body of heater.The outside in secondary air road 10 is provided with insulating layer of furnace body 11, and its lower end with secondary air road 10 is communicated with, and has reduced heat energy loss.The body of heater bottom is provided with intake opening 13 and secondary intake opening 14.The bottom is provided with fire grate 15 and ash bucket 16 in the vaporizer 9.Bottom of furnace body is provided with base 17.7 is the water tank water intake hole among the figure, and 18 is the vaporizer outer wall.
During use, at first fuel is put into vaporizer 9 and lighted, intake opening 13 and secondary intake opening 14 suck a large amount of oxygen, make full combustion of fuel.When the hot gas in the vaporizer 9 rises, production well 12 produces very big suction, 10 suck a large amount of air from the secondary air road, the gas that burning produces passes production well 12 and enters in the combustion chamber 1, enter smoking layer 4 by flue 8 again, heat is sucked heat-sink shell 3, enter chimney 6 by the heat absorption hole 5 on the smoking layer outer wall, the water tank 2 of heat-sink shell 3 peripheries absorbs waste heat, the water in the heating water tank 2.The waste heat of vaporizer 9 enters the secondary air road by production well 12, enters thermal insulation layer 11 again and preserves.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of stalk gasifier is made up of combustion parts and gasification part, it is characterized in that described combustion parts is provided with combustion chamber (1), the outer periphery one smoking layer (4) of combustion chamber (1), smoking layer outer wall is higher than the combustion chamber, and the top of combustion chamber space is communicated with the smoking layer, forms a flue (8); Outer periphery one heat-sink shell (3) of smoking layer (4) is established a chimney (6) on the heat-sink shell, the heat-sink shell outside is provided with water tank (2); Described gasification part is established a vaporizer (9), vaporizer outer wall upper end is provided with production well (12), vaporizer (9) is communicated with combustion chamber (1), and a secondary air road (10) is established in the vaporizer outside, and the outside in secondary air road is provided with the insulating layer of furnace body (11) that communicates with it; The body of heater lower case is provided with intake opening (13) and secondary intake opening (14).
2, a kind of stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described smoking layer (4) outer wall is provided with heat absorption hole (5), is communicated with the smoking layer with heat-sink shell (3).
3, a kind of stalk gasifier as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described vaporizer (9) bottom is provided with fire grate (15) and ash bucket (16).
CN 01205982 2001-03-31 2001-03-31 Stalk gasifying furnace Expired - Fee Related CN2471778Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01205982 CN2471778Y (en) 2001-03-31 2001-03-31 Stalk gasifying furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01205982 CN2471778Y (en) 2001-03-31 2001-03-31 Stalk gasifying furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN2471778Y true CN2471778Y (en) 2002-01-16

Family

ID=33626700

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01205982 Expired - Fee Related CN2471778Y (en) 2001-03-31 2001-03-31 Stalk gasifying furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN2471778Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100419042C (en) * 2006-01-08 2008-09-17 商丘三利新能源有限公司 Pool type straw comprihensive utilizing carbonisation apparatus
CN103032957A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Biomass gasification hot air furnace
CN103968424A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-06 李军 Secondary combustion stove

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100419042C (en) * 2006-01-08 2008-09-17 商丘三利新能源有限公司 Pool type straw comprihensive utilizing carbonisation apparatus
CN103032957A (en) * 2011-10-08 2013-04-10 江苏省农机具开发应用中心 Biomass gasification hot air furnace
CN103968424A (en) * 2013-01-28 2014-08-06 李军 Secondary combustion stove

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee