CN205320805U - Compound breeding device who is fit for city family - Google Patents

Compound breeding device who is fit for city family Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205320805U
CN205320805U CN201620079180.1U CN201620079180U CN205320805U CN 205320805 U CN205320805 U CN 205320805U CN 201620079180 U CN201620079180 U CN 201620079180U CN 205320805 U CN205320805 U CN 205320805U
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China
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water
fishpond
plant
soilless culture
implant bed
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620079180.1U
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Chinese (zh)
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苏晓琳
王玉亭
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Guangdong Food and Drugs Vocational College
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Guangdong Food and Drugs Vocational College
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model discloses a compound breeding device who is fit for city family. Include fish pond and the soilless culture kind plant bed that lies in its top, be formed with inclined plane and holding chamber in the fish pond, be connected with connecting pipe, pump, output tube and wet return between holding chamber and the soilless culture kind plant bed, be equipped with the overflow mouth on soilless culture kind plant bed, the internal diameter of wet return is lighter than the internal diameter of output tube, plant the bed at soilless culture and be stamped the apron, be equipped with solar panel on the surface of apron, fish pond surface and soilless culture kind plant bed, the last battery that is connected with of solar panel, the battery is connected to on the pump through the controller. The utility model discloses a recycling of water utilizes the microorganism to decompose the excrement and urine of remaining bait and aquatic animal, provides nourishment for the plant, and the effect that utilizes the root of the plant system and the microorganism water in to the fish pond of flowing back purifies.

Description

A kind of complex culture device of applicable urban family
Technical field
This utility model relates to cultivation apparatus。
Background technology
Food safety is one of problem of existing social existence, to eat relieved be that we are current is pursued, and therefore, balcony vegetable-planting soilless cultivation combines with fish-culture equipment and should need and give birth to, utilize family narrow space area, it is easy to plant the health food such as various green vegetable, tall scrawny person at home。
Flourish along with aquaculture, high-density breeding has become as main breeding way, unit are fish crop is greatly improved, and many height based on water, electricity, feedstuff, fertilizer, medicine etc. consume, high investment exchanges high production for, himself is seriously polluted, and periphery ecological environment can be adversely affected by a large amount of discharges of breeding wastewater。According to relevant research, in edible fishes cultivate, the bait manually thrown something and fed has 5%~10% not to be utilized, the pollutant that substantial amounts of residual bait and fish faeces are formed are directly discharged in environment with breeding water body, the eutrophication of aggravation periphery river, lake and coastal waters water body, thus causes the death of deteriorating water quality and aquatic animal;The feed additive and the medicine that use in aquaculture directly act on environment, cause that the drug resistance of non-targeted species strengthens, directly threaten the health of mankind itself;The use of other drug such as anthelmintic and egg-laying hormone and chemical substance such as chemical fertilizer algicide can upset population structure, and its toxicity can affect diversity of organism。On the other hand, aquaculture needs a large amount of water sources, and in the face of the problem of the water environment degradation increasingly sharpened, water resource scarcity day by day, the self-circulation purifying system of exploitation breeding wastewater, realize the cycling and reutilization of water body, reduce breeding wastewater to the negative effect of environment, improve cultivation water environment, become real-world objects in the urgent need to address。
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the complex culture device of a kind of applicable urban family, utilize complex culture device of the present utility model and cultural method, by the circulation of water, utilize microorganism that the bait of residual and the feces of aquatic animal are decomposed, supply nutrients to plant, utilize the root system of plant and the effect of microorganism that the water being back in fishpond is purified, allow animal, the ecological balance relation of a kind of harmony is reached between plant and microorganism three, by designing return pipe and overfall, the water in soilless culture implant bed can not only be allowed to be back in fishpond, can also allow microorganism that the bait of residual and the feces of aquatic animal are decomposed fully, realize the purpose of more sufficiently cleaned up water。This utility model utilizes solar electrical energy generation, provides energy to pump, reaches the purpose of energy-conserving and environment-protective。
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the complex culture device of a kind of applicable urban family, it is characterised in that: including fishpond and soilless culture implant bed, fishpond is provided with the support column of more than two, and soilless culture implant bed is fixed on the upper end of support column;The bottom in fishpond is connected to connecting tube, and connecting tube is connected to pump, and delivery side of pump is connected to the outlet tube being connected in soilless culture implant bed;Being provided with return pipe in the bottom of soilless culture implant bed, the lower end of return pipe extend in fishpond and contacts with the inner bottom surface in fishpond, has apopore on the return pipe be positioned at fishpond;Being provided with overfall on the top edge of soilless culture implant bed, the backwater overflowed from overfall is flowed into fishpond, and the internal diameter of return pipe is less than the internal diameter of outlet tube;Soilless culture implant bed is stamped cover plate, between adjacent cover plate, is formed for the space of plant growing;Being provided with solar panels on the outer surface of cover plate, fishpond outer surface and soilless culture implant bed, solar panels are connected to accumulator, accumulator is connected on pump by controller。
The method that the complex culture device of the applicable urban family described in utilizing carries out cultivating is: discharge water in fishpond, aquatic animal is cultivated in fishpond, discharge water in soilless culture implant bed, and in soilless culture implant bed, throw in microorganism, planting plants in soilless culture implant bed, allows plant grow from space;In cultivation aquatic animal and planting plants process, by pump, the water in fishpond is pumped in soilless culture implant bed, by the water in the soilless culture implant bed that pump is pumped into contains the feces of residual bait and aquatic animal, the feces of residual bait and aquatic animal is decomposed by microorganism, material in the Root Absorption soilless culture implant bed of plant, for plant growing, the intensive filter course of root growth of plant, the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by plant in the water in soilless culture implant bed is sticked by root system;Through root system of plant absorb material and through root system of plant filter water section flow back to fishpond through return pipe, other through overfall overflow current return in fishpond;Solar panels receive luminous energy and are converted to electrical power storage in accumulator, and accumulator is powered to pump。
In natural ecosystems, microorganism is organic ultimate decomposer, only material and energy could be allowed to participate in the circulation of next ecological chain by the decomposition and inversion of microorganism。Between aquatic animal and plant, the Excreta of remaining bait and aquatic animal to allow plant absorption, must first decompose under the effect of microorganism, larger molecular organics matter being decomposed into simple elements or the small-molecule substance of mineralising, the mode that could be exchanged by ion by the root system of plant is absorbed。Water body is regulated by the breeding water body in fishpond and/or in soilless culture implant bed adds microorganism, promote the breeding of heterotrophic bacteria in water body, utilize bacterial assimilation inorganic nitrogen, the cultivation metabolites such as the ammonia nitrogen in water body are converted into tropina, are flocculated into the granulated substance can ingested by cultivated animals by antibacterial。
Water plant absorbs the nutrient substance such as a large amount of nitrogen, phosphorus in necessary for growth, root system is main absorption organ, and needed for this kind of material not utilized by aquatic animal class in breeding water body can meet aquatic plants growth, nutrient substance is moved out of water body along with the results of water plant, thus having purified water body, in this utility model, the water in soilless culture implant bed and fishpond is referred to as water body。
Water plant has powerful root system, forms intensive filter course, and the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by aquaculture organism in water body will be sticked by root system and remove water body。
The flourishing root system of water plant is that microorganism provides and perches and adhere to place, and the organic substance in breeding water body is mainly by microbial decomposition, and the nitrification and denitrification effect of microorganism degrades the nitrogen in water。
Photosynthesis due to water plant, oxygen can be transported to root by the aerating tissue of water plant, when the oxygen of conveying exceedes root system aequum, oxygen can be diffused into surrounding by root system, it is possible to improves the content of oxygen in water, promote the decomposing, purifying of polluter。
Solar energy belongs to clear energy sources, and is readily available, and provides energy by solar energy to pump, does not only reach energy-conservation purpose, and environmental protection。
Therefore, in this utility model, utilize the bait of the microorganism residual to being pumped in soilless culture implant bed and the feces of aquatic animal to decompose, supply nutrients to water plant, for aquatic plant absorption, absorbed nutriment has been removed water body, and water body is served purification。Meanwhile, the root system of water plant plays the effect of drainage screen, and the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by aquaculture organism will be sticked by root system and remove water body, the water body purified further。It addition, water plant produces oxygen under photosynthesis, thus the content of oxygen in the water body increased。After purified water is back in fishpond, the ratio of oxygen increases, advantageously in the growth of aquatic animal。Solar energy is utilized to generate electricity, energy-conserving and environment-protective。
In this utility model, owing to the internal diameter of outlet tube is more than the internal diameter of return pipe, so, allow the flow of the outlet tube flow more than return pipe, after the water of outlet tube is flowed in soilless culture implant bed, the water of bottom is back in fishpond through return pipe, other the water yield can be back in fishpond through overfall, the water being flowed in soilless culture implant bed will not be allowed to be back in fishpond at once, therefore, the feces of the bait of residual and aquatic animal can be decomposed by microorganism fully, to decomposite more nutriment, water plant can nutriment be absorbed fully, so, water body can not only be purified fully, and the nutriment of the aquatic plant absorption of confession is more abundant。
Further, it is uniformly distributed on peripheries with apopore at return pipe, flows out through apopore through the water of return pipe。So, the water from the water slug fishpond of return pipe backflow can be prevented, avoid the water in fishpond to produce to ripple and make the feces being deposited in remaining bait and aquatic animal bottom fishpond floating, advantageously in comparatively thoroughly, the feces of remaining bait and aquatic animal is pumped in soilless culture implant bed。
Further, the lower end of return pipe is solid tubes。Soilless culture implant bed is played the effect of supporting by return pipe, and the supporting of soilless culture implant bed is more reliable。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present utility model。
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, this utility model is further elaborated。
As it is shown in figure 1, the complex culture device being suitable for urban family includes fishpond 1 and soilless culture implant bed 2, fishpond 1 is provided with the support column 3 of more than two, and soilless culture implant bed 2 is fixed on the upper end of support column 3。
Inner bottom surface in fishpond 1 is formed with downward inclined-plane 11, and the inner bottom surface in fishpond 1 is positioned at the end on inclined-plane 11 and is formed with containing cavity 12, and so, the feces of residual bait and aquatic animal is deposited in containing cavity 12 readily along inclined-plane 11 under the action of gravity of self。
Containing cavity 12 is connected to connecting tube 4, and connecting tube 4 is connected to pump 5, and the outfan of pump 5 is connected to the outlet tube 6 being connected in soilless culture implant bed 2, and the outfan of outlet tube 6 is positioned at the top of soilless culture implant bed 2 and is preferred。
It is provided with return pipe 7 in the bottom of soilless culture implant bed 2, the lower end of return pipe 7 extend in fishpond 1 and contacts with the inner bottom surface in fishpond, the lower end of return pipe 7 is solid tubes, the return pipe be positioned at fishpond has apopore, apopore is uniform in the surrounding of return pipe 7, return pipe 7 can allow the water of soilless culture implant bed 2 be back in fishpond 1, return pipe plays the effect of supporting soilless culture implant bed 2 simultaneously, owing to the lower end of return pipe 7 is solid tubes, therefore, improve bearing strength, additionally, this return pipe is from the appearance only support column, therefore, make whole device more beautiful。Because apopore is distributed on the surrounding of return pipe 7, so, the water from the water slug fishpond of return pipe 7 backflow can be prevented, avoid the water in fishpond 1 to produce to ripple and make the feces being deposited in remaining bait and aquatic animal bottom fishpond floating, advantageously in comparatively thoroughly, the feces of remaining bait and aquatic animal is pumped in soilless culture implant bed 2。The internal diameter of return pipe 7 is less than the internal diameter of outlet tube 6。
The top edge of soilless culture implant bed 2 is provided with overfall 21, overfall 21 is connected to overflow pipe 8, overflow pipe 8 be connected with minisize hydroelectric generator 9, minisize hydroelectric generator 9 is positioned at the top in fishpond 1, through the water slug of overflow pipe on minisize hydroelectric generator 9, realize the generating of minisize hydroelectric generator 9, be flowed in fishpond 1 through the water of minisize hydroelectric generator 9 meanwhile。
Soilless culture implant bed 2 is stamped cover plate 22, between adjacent cover plate 22, is formed for the space of plant growing。
Being provided with solar panels on the outer surface of cover plate 22, fishpond 1 outer surface and soilless culture implant bed 2, solar panels are connected to accumulator, accumulator is connected on pump 5 by controller, and certainly, solar panels also can be connected on pump 5 either directly through controller。Controller accepts the unstable power supply from solar panels, and at the weather that sunshine is sufficient, accumulator, except supplying except such as pump even load, also can be charged by the electric energy that solar panels send;At the weather that sunshine is not enough, solar panels can not provide electric energy to such as pump even load completely, and now the electric energy of accumulators store is released to pump even load by controller。Dynamically regulated power distribution by controller, under various sunshines, loading condition, maximal efficiency utilize solar energy。
Described minisize hydroelectric generator 9 is connected in accumulator, naturally it is also possible to be connected with pump even load either directly through controller。When the power consumption of pump even load is enough, accumulator can be charged by minisize hydroelectric generator。
The method that the complex culture device of above-mentioned applicable urban family carries out cultivating is: discharge water in fishpond 1, aquatic animal such as Fish 100 are cultivated in fishpond 1, discharge water in soilless culture implant bed 2, and in soilless culture implant bed 2, throw in microorganism, planting aquatic plants 200 in soilless culture implant bed 2, allows water plant 200 grow from space;In cultivation aquatic animal and planting aquatic plants 200 process, by pump 5, the water in fishpond 1 is pumped in soilless culture implant bed 2, by the water in the soilless culture implant bed 2 that pump 5 is pumped into contains the feces of residual bait and aquatic animal, the feces of residual bait and aquatic animal is decomposed by microorganism, food materials in the Root Absorption soilless culture implant bed of water plant, grow for water plant 200, the intensive filter course of root growth of water plant 200, the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by plant in the water in soilless culture implant bed 2 is sticked by root system;Through water plant 200 Root Absorption, material and the water section filtered through root system of plant flow back to fishpond through return pipe 7, apopore, other impact on minisize hydroelectric generator 9 through overfall 21, overflow pipe 8, return in fishpond 1 through the water of minisize hydroelectric generator 9;Solar panels receive luminous energy and are converted to electric energy supply pump even load or are stored in accumulator, and accumulator can be powered to pump。Meanwhile, minisize hydroelectric generator 9 can be powered directly to pump even load, it is also possible to charges a battery。
In natural ecosystems, microorganism is organic ultimate decomposer, only material and energy could be allowed to participate in the circulation of next ecological chain by the decomposition and inversion of microorganism。Between aquatic animal and plant, the Excreta of remaining bait and aquatic animal to allow plant absorption, must first decompose under the effect of microorganism, larger molecular organics matter being decomposed into simple elements or the small-molecule substance of mineralising, the mode that could be exchanged by ion by the root system of plant is absorbed。Water body is regulated by the breeding water body in fishpond and/or in soilless culture implant bed adds microorganism, promote the breeding of heterotrophic bacteria in water body, utilize bacterial assimilation inorganic nitrogen, the cultivation metabolites such as the ammonia nitrogen in water body are converted into tropina, are flocculated into the granulated substance can ingested by cultivated animals by antibacterial。
Water plant absorbs the nutrient substance such as a large amount of nitrogen, phosphorus in necessary for growth, root system is main absorption organ, and needed for this kind of material not utilized by aquatic animal class in breeding water body can meet aquatic plants growth, nutrient substance is moved out of water body along with the results of water plant, thus having purified water body, in this utility model, the water in soilless culture implant bed and fishpond is referred to as water body。
Water plant has powerful root system, forms intensive filter course, and the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by aquaculture organism in water body will be sticked by root system and remove water body。
The flourishing root system of water plant is that microorganism provides and perches and adhere to place, and the organic substance in breeding water body is mainly by microbial decomposition, and the nitrification and denitrification effect of microorganism degrades the nitrogen in water。
Photosynthesis due to water plant, oxygen can be transported to root by the aerating tissue of water plant, when the oxygen of conveying exceedes root system aequum, oxygen can be diffused into surrounding by root system, it is possible to improves the content of oxygen in water, promote the decomposing, purifying of polluter。
Solar energy belongs to clear energy sources, and is readily available, and provides energy by solar energy to pump, does not only reach energy-conservation purpose, and environmental protection。
Therefore, in this utility model, utilize the bait of the microorganism residual to being pumped in soilless culture implant bed and the feces of aquatic animal to decompose, supply nutrients to water plant, for aquatic plant absorption, absorbed nutriment has been removed water body, and water body is served purification。Meanwhile, the root system of water plant plays the effect of drainage screen, and the colloidal substance that can not be utilized by aquaculture organism will be sticked by root system and remove water body, the water body purified further。It addition, water plant produces oxygen under photosynthesis, thus the content of oxygen in the water body increased。After purified water is back in fishpond, the ratio of oxygen increases, advantageously in the growth of aquatic animal。Solar energy is utilized to generate electricity, energy-conserving and environment-protective。
In this utility model, owing to the internal diameter of outlet tube is more than the internal diameter of return pipe, so, allow the flow of the outlet tube flow more than return pipe, after the water of outlet tube is flowed in soilless culture implant bed, the water of bottom is back in fishpond through return pipe, other the water yield can be back in fishpond through overfall, the water being flowed in soilless culture implant bed will not be allowed to be back in fishpond at once, therefore, the feces of the bait of residual and aquatic animal can be decomposed by microorganism fully, to decomposite more nutriment, water plant can nutriment be absorbed fully, so, water body can not only be purified fully, and the nutriment of the aquatic plant absorption of confession is more abundant。
Water plant becomes competitive relation with algae in the utilization to nutrition and luminous energy, and the nutrient substance needed for algal grown breeding is somewhat limited。The such as foodstuff of omnivorefish Luo Fei, the contribution to water ecology is also bigger。The Herba Eichhorniae that phoenix eyes Nelumbonaceae plant is such as aquatic, the floating radicula of its prosperity can play powerful physical filtering and adsorption in water body, can at the flourishing substantial amounts of solid-state organic fine particles of root system ambient absorption, for promoting that the structure of root system micro-territory microecological environment serves again great effect, become the place of microbial growth, become the major organs that root system filters, become the bioconversion body that eutrophication is removed, water body is not harm but promotes by its growth and breeding in controlled environment, by floating the growing in breeding barrel, water body can be played good regulating and controlling effect。
The fish supported in fishpond 1 can include pet fish, cabrilla, Lateolabrax japonicus (Cuvier et Va-lenciennes) (Lateolabracis), Silurus asotus fish, Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, even shrimp, Testudinis etc.。The raising water pumped with pump 5 returns to fishpond 1 after flowing through soilless culture implant bed 2。The bait residue carried secretly in the water breeded fish and Excreta are actually the whole key elements needed for plant growing, simply the content of these nutritional factorss is general all very low, continuous precipitation concentration in the container on growth antibacterial is needed to promote concentration, the final result of biochemical reaction carried out in fishpond and in the container of growth antibacterial be exactly in bait containing various beneficial elements all restore, become ionic condition soluble in water。Water plant can draw substantial amounts of nutrient substance from the raising water of circulation, and meanwhile, water have also been obtained the absorption cleaning of mineral element and solids in the circulating cycle, and during fishpond to be returned, water quality has obtained biofiltration and purification。It is suitable for fibrous root plant, fleshy tap root plant such as Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw., kafir lily, big orchid, money tree etc., the growth promoter of woody matter plant such as Paeonia suffruticosa, Flos Jasmini Sambac, plain sailing etc.。It is exactly natural nutritional solution for raising water plantation。If various vegetables are planted in mixing simultaneously, just can play the effect of insect protected, namely Herba Coriandri, Fructus Cucumidis sativi, Fructus Lycopersici esculenti, Herba Ocimi (Herba Ocimi Pilosi), Radix Betae, climb bean, Flos Tagetis Erectae etc. and carry out the companion planting of science, just can play biology and press down worm bacteriostasis, of the same colour kind blue or green with monoculture, better effects if。In order to solve the process of fish faeces, the process of water quality all can use the nitrifier water to process in fishpond。Excreta for accumulative a large amount of aquaculture organisms for a long time, for instance in Fish, EM great majority are ammonia, nitrogen, and they are all belonging to a kind of harmful chemical substance, when in water, the ammonia-nitrogen content of unit of water body exceedes certain index, will result in the death of biology。Therefore, under the effect of heterotrophic bacteria, protein therein and nucleic acid can slowly decompose, and produce the nitrogenous harmful substances such as substantial amounts of ammonia。Ammonia changes into nitrous acid under nitrifier or photosynthetic bacteria effect, and nitrous acid can form nitrite after being combined with some metal ions, and nitrite can combine with amine substance, forms the nitrosamine with strong carcinogenesis。And nitrifier can convert nitrate to harmful substances such as nitrites and be absorbed by plants, it is possible to some Excretas etc. of fish are resolved into the material of plant available。Strengthening oxygen supply simultaneously, promoting growth and the work of nitrifier, thus reaching to purify water。
The annidation of plant is change and the adaptation of the physiological ecological formed for power with environment, and vegetable variety is the type nearer with water plant relationship mostly, it is in sprout growth process, the root system just gone out is mostly aquatic root system, as long as keeping the high humidity environment being suitable for, water root character can be kept in the longer time, according to this point principle, we can utilize seed to be directly seeded in this device, it is allowed just naturally to be transitioned into aquatic state after rudiment, if needing sowing to transplant training can adopt non-soil culture method, and ensure that the substrate in seedling stage has relatively high moisture content humidity and transplants in good time, just the root system development of vegetable can be become aquatic root system completely, and be fibrous root root system, more aquatic property and better filtration, purification function。In water with aerosol environment, root system can be grown more more than soil cultivation, fibrous root Absorbance linear-combination Spectrophotometry is more flourishing, improving activity of root system is higher, mostly can keep the pure white state of long period, such that it is able to play better directly adsorption cleaning and the effect rapidly and efficiently absorbed, play with purification function more preferably than the growth that soil ecology is more suitable for vegetable plant。This utility model is the closed circulation of a kind of aquatic animal, water plant and microorganism set up in nothing soil environment。Not only consider the physiological complementarity of aquatic animal, water plant and microbial nutrition, and use the similar symbiosis feature of three's environmental condition factor。The such as Fructus Benincasae chiehquae of water kind, Fructus Benincasae chiehquae root works as pasture and water, and foster aquatic animal such as fish can only be a little, because fish is to eat root。Such as Fructus Lycopersici esculenti and aquatic animal such as Carassius auratus, the vegetative growth phase of Fructus Lycopersici esculenti ammonia is absorbed as 400mg/l, proceed to reproductive growth and be just down to 100mg/l, the growing vegetables area configuring 14 square metres according to one cube of water body plans breeding ratio and layout, namely the Excreta of breeding barrel generation every day of 10 cubic metres is accomplished by the vegetable of 14 square metres to purify absorption, reach to purify the purpose with balance, show in actual result, with 1m3Water body puts Cyprinus carpio or Carassius auratus 100 tail of 75g/ tail specification in a suitable place to breed, coordinates 1m2Caulis et Folium Lactucae sativae 66 strain or 25 strain Fructus Lycopersici esculenties are more excellent proportioning。With 1m2Vegetative growth phase, vegetable purified 1m3Breeding fish water, its pH stable is close to neutral, and it is better to absorb ammonia nitrogen。The residue that fishpond water carries, the i.e. Excreta of fish and bait residue, in be not only containing amine Ammonia Organic substance, possibly together with other mineral element forming these foods, wherein all having as calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, ferrum, copper, boron, zinc, molybdenum etc. a great number of elements, moderate-element and trace element, they both are from fish ichthyophagy bait。In general, the Excreta of fish and the residue thrown in the bait can provide nutrition for plant, are responsible for decomposing, providing nutrient by microorganism, and then utilized as alimentation by plant。And alien crop and microorganism participate in system when building together, the powerful capacity of decomposition that just can play microorganism to the Organic substance processing in decomposition water and converts the ammonia nitrogen that fish survival effect is bigger, the huge root system surface area of plant can be started and may utilize, after absorbing adsorption-decomposition function, the mineral absorbed, thus reaching conversion and the biological cleaning in time of residue and nuisance in water, there is provided the water resource of reusable edible for the high-density breeding of fish, reach to save water and energy the purpose expected。After plant absorption, water is by ecological purification, fish existence。Whole circulation does not have agriculture chemical, and health is totally pollution-free。

Claims (3)

1.A kind of complex culture device of applicable urban family, it is characterised in that: including fishpond and soilless culture implant bed, fishpond is provided with the support column of more than two, and soilless culture implant bed is fixed on the upper end of support column;The bottom in fishpond is connected to connecting tube, and connecting tube is connected to pump, and delivery side of pump is connected to the outlet tube being connected in soilless culture implant bed;Being provided with return pipe in the bottom of soilless culture implant bed, the lower end of return pipe extend in fishpond and contacts with the inner bottom surface in fishpond, has apopore on the return pipe be positioned at fishpond;Being provided with overfall on the top edge of soilless culture implant bed, the backwater overflowed from overfall is flowed into fishpond, and the internal diameter of return pipe is less than the internal diameter of outlet tube;Soilless culture implant bed is stamped cover plate, between adjacent cover plate, is formed for the space of plant growing;Being provided with solar panels on the outer surface of cover plate, fishpond outer surface and soilless culture implant bed, solar panels are connected to accumulator, accumulator is connected on pump by controller。
2.The complex culture device of applicable urban family according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is uniformly distributed on peripheries with apopore at return pipe。
3.The complex culture device of applicable urban family according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the lower end of return pipe is solid tubes。
CN201620079180.1U 2016-01-27 2016-01-27 Compound breeding device who is fit for city family Expired - Fee Related CN205320805U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108496875A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-07 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 A kind of multifunctional household planting machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108496875A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-09-07 深圳春沐源控股有限公司 A kind of multifunctional household planting machine

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