CN108358692A - It is a kind of to utilize liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process - Google Patents

It is a kind of to utilize liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108358692A
CN108358692A CN201810143912.2A CN201810143912A CN108358692A CN 108358692 A CN108358692 A CN 108358692A CN 201810143912 A CN201810143912 A CN 201810143912A CN 108358692 A CN108358692 A CN 108358692A
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China
Prior art keywords
livestock
bamboo
fertilizer
liquid fertilizer
poultry feces
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Chinese (zh)
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丁庆
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Zhejiang Hydrophilic Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Hydrophilic Biological Science And Technology Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D5/00Fertilisers containing magnesium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/50Treatments combining two or more different biological or biochemical treatments, e.g. anaerobic and aerobic treatment or vermicomposting and aerobic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors
    • C05F17/971Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material
    • C05F17/979Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors for feeding or discharging materials to be treated; for feeding or discharging other material the other material being gaseous
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/80Soil conditioners
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N9/00Enzymes; Proenzymes; Compositions thereof; Processes for preparing, activating, inhibiting, separating or purifying enzymes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of using liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process, belongs to livestock and poultry feces process field.The liquid fertilizer application process of the present invention first applies bamboo fertilizer on pending object, liquid fertilizer is sprayed on bamboo fertilizer and is used;The liquid fertilizer preparation method of the present invention, is sequentially sent to methane-generating pit by Animal fecal pollution and generates biogas slurry, and biogas slurry, which is sent into Aerobic Process for Treatment pond, ferments, and eventually enters into the concentrated filtering of concentration storage pool and can be prepared by;Wherein in Aerobic Process for Treatment pond intermittent aerating is carried out using the electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device for generating 3 10um bubbles;The present invention overcomes the shortcomings of livestock and poultry feces poor processing effect in the prior art, it is prepared into efficient liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces, and combine being used cooperatively for bamboo fertilizer, the problems such as capable of effectively avoiding the crop that existing biogas slurry direct returning to farmland is caused from burning root, soil hardening, the nutrition in biogas slurry can be efficiently used, and processing cost is cheap, is suitable for numerous raisers and uses.

Description

It is a kind of to utilize liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process
Technical field
The present invention relates to livestock and poultry feces processing technology fields, more specifically to a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces And preparation method thereof and its application process.
Background technology
Current aquaculture gradually develops to large-scale cultivation, and large-scale cultivation domestic animal reduces aquaculture cost, improves Breeding efficiency, but the fecaluria amount that generates of domestic animal is more and long processing period, usually has following three to the processing of livestock and poultry feces at present Kind mode:
(1) raw water-separation of solid and liquid-regulating reservoir-methane-generating pit-separation of solid and liquid-aeration tank-sedimentation basin-oxidation pond or wetland-agriculture Field is irrigated, and the process is simple, and cost is relatively low, but under methane-generating pit anaerobic condition, nitrogen source is converted into ammonia nitrogen, leads to ammonia in biogas slurry Nitrogen is higher, and local natural bacteria can not effectively remove ammonia nitrogen during aeration and sedimentation, therefore water outlet ammonia nitrogen is higher, is unable to reach Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection's waste water of livestock poultry discharge standard in 2001 can only be used for paddy field (ammonia nitrogen can be absorbed by plants in paddy field) on a small quantity, if In dry land, then plant can not absorb, and the problems such as causing to burn root, reduce soil quality, and biogas slurry ammonia nitrogen height means methane backeria Inhibition is received, the methane output is low;
(2) raw water-pretreatment-anaerobic pond-anoxic pond-aerobic tank-secondary settling tank-water outlet, the technique use local natural more Bacterium, though the residence time is longer (mostly 1 month or more) in methane-generating pit and treatment tank, the amount because of pig farm raw water and pollution Index changes greatly, and local bacterium processing capacity is limited, it is difficult to ensure that standard water discharge;
(3) raw water-separation of solid and liquid-regulating reservoir-methane-generating pit-separation of solid and liquid-aeration tank-MBR processing ponds-sedimentation basin-water outlet Discharge, this method use MBR techniques, and effluent characteristics are ensured, can reach livestock and poultry sewage drainage standard substantially;But it is processed into This is higher, and the time-based maintenance replacement cost of especially ultrafiltration membrane is higher, and operation is complex, and ton cost of water treatment is generally in 5-6 Member.
In conclusion being still badly in need of a kind of method of the processing livestock waste of simple and effective in industry at present, domestic animal is made to generate Fecaluria can be utilized by Efficient Conversion, promote substance cycle, build the ecological agriculture.
Through retrieval, Chinese Patent Application No.:2016106595363, the applying date:On August 11st, 2016, invention and created name For:Livestock waste immediate processing method, this application include the following steps:It collects livestock waste and enters methane-generating pit fermentation;It will fermentation Fecaluria afterwards moves to the natural sedimentation of separating dry space from moist space area 4 days, and liquid obtains just liquid fertilizer through entering collecting pit;Solid is stayed in obtain on bottom surface and just be done Fertilizer;First liquid fertilizer is transported to biochemical treatment tank and obtains liquid fertilizer;For another example Chinese Patent Application No.:2016100636374, application Day:On January 25th, 2016, invention and created name are:A kind of scale fowl and livestock farm pollutant integration microbial method processing stream Journey system, this application rush barnyard manure urine water and pass through separation of solid and liquid, and specific microbial inoculum confession is added through floating remove in too deep pond in the sewage of generation Oxygen enters multi-stage aerobic pond, can be put into aqiuculrue by the filtering of multistage carbon and water plant filtering, can directly irrigate the fields and natural Water discharges, and can also be back to use livestock and poultry farm;It rushes barnyard manure water and floats generated filter residue excrement after removing by separation of solid and liquid and deep pond With specific microbial inoculum, auxiliary material and dead livestock and poultry corpse by proportioning cooperation stirring, closed aerobic fermentation;Fermentation gas is recycled simultaneously It is converted into liquid fertilizer.The above application case all refers to the fertilizer processed processing to livestock and poultry feces, but still has the space for continuing optimization.
Invention content
1. technical problems to be solved by the inivention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the shortcomings of livestock and poultry feces poor processing effect in the prior art, a kind of utilization is provided Liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process are prepared into efficient liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces, and combine bamboo fertilizer The problems such as being used cooperatively, the crop that existing biogas slurry direct returning to farmland caused can effectively be avoided to burn root, soil hardening, can effective profit With the nutrition in biogas slurry, and processing cost is cheap, is suitable for numerous raisers and uses.
2. technical solution
In order to achieve the above objectives, technical solution provided by the invention is:
A kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces of the present invention first applies bamboo fertilizer, by liquid on pending object Fertilizer is sprayed on bamboo fertilizer and is used.
Further, the bamboo fertilizer refers to the bamboo to be blended as fertilizer made of primary raw material, and bamboo plumpness degree is 2- 3cm。
Further, the bamboo is blended to lignin grain size in 1mm and hereinafter, formation bamboo powder.
Further, the compound biological enzyme for being also added with trace element in bamboo powder and being extracted from Pig dung and urine.
Further, the trace element includes zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese.
Further, bamboo fertilizer includes that mass ratio is:The bamboo powder of 96-98%, the compound biological enzyme of 1-3%, 0.1-1% Trace element.
Further, compound biological enzyme is made of following methods:
Step A:After pig manure soiled ends is separated by solid-liquid separation, pig urine stoste is produced;
Step B:By in pig urine stoste input reaction container, handled successively according to A/A/O techniques, wherein first three is reacted It is respectively equipped with micro-nano aeration device in bucket;
Step C:Enter precipitation filtering barrel after pig urine stoste is at least repeated 3 times A/A/O techniques, output is compound after filtering Biological enzyme, content of microorganisms is less than 1% in compound biological enzyme.
Animal fecal pollution is sequentially sent to methane-generating pit and generates natural pond by a kind of liquid fertilizer preparation method using livestock and poultry feces of the present invention Biogas slurry is sent into Aerobic Process for Treatment pond and fermented by liquid, is eventually entered into the concentrated filtering of concentration storage pool and be can be prepared by;It is wherein aerobic In processing pond intermittent aerating is carried out using the electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device for generating 3-10um bubbles.
Further, electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device includes two air inlets, and an air inlet sucks in Pig dung and urine The compound biological enzyme of extraction, another air inlet interval air inlet adjusted air inlet to (1/3-1/ from closing every 2-4 hours 2) openings of sizes, move in circles operation.
A kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the present invention is made using such as above-mentioned preparation method.
3. advantageous effect
Using technical solution provided by the invention, compared with prior art, there is following remarkable result:
(1) application process of a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the invention first applies bamboo fertilizer on pending object, Liquid fertilizer is sprayed on bamboo fertilizer and is used, bamboo fertilizer is fluffy particulate matter, and absorbability is strong, can absorb a large amount of liquid fertilizers, while its Specific surface area is very big, and liquid fertilizer is sprayed at and is blended on the huge bamboo fertilizer of rear specific surface area, can be adsorbed and be evaporated rapidly Extra moisture, side continue oxidative fermentation and (more convert ammonia nitrogen to nitrate nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen, more conducively plant absorption disappears Change), while being absorbed by crops, the speed of liquid fertilizer absorbed by consumption is substantially increased, while nutrition is increased to soil and crop, While efficient process livestock and poultry feces, resource is converted to fertilizer, and can effectively be absorbed by plant.
(2) application process of a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the invention, liquid fertilizer collocation bamboo fertilizer are used cooperatively, High nutrient in bamboo fertilizer makes Soil Microorganism breed rapidly, and the organic matter nutrition in liquid fertilizer can be by a large amount of microorganisms point Solution is easy to the absorption and digestion of plant, while the trace element in liquid fertilizer also can be such that bamboo powder nutrition more balances with vitamins, Microorganism more develops, kind here the plant in soil just at growing fast and high-quality.
(3) preparation method of a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the invention, in Aerobic Process for Treatment pond use can generate 3- The electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device of 10um bubbles carries out intermittent aerating, which includes two air inlets Mouthful, an air inlet slowly sucks the compound biological enzyme extracted in Pig dung and urine, the then interval air inlet of another air inlet, 3-10um's Micro-nano aeration generates extra small bubble, and specific surface area is very big, efficient to microorganism oxygenation in pig urine stoste or biogas slurry, and controls It is supplied oxygen seldom when air inlet switch is smaller but will produce a large amount of free radicals, can effectively controlled microorganism and rise in value in right amount, avoid rising in value Multi-nutrient is difficult into fertilizer by a large amount of digestion, to which efficient liquid fertilizer quickly be made in a short time.
(4) preparation method of a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the invention, using micro-nano aeration device, control is few Air inlet is measured, the free radical and air flotation effect in micro-nano aeration are strengthened, concentrating reduces COD and suspended matter, and more retains ammonia Nitrogen and total phosphorus, total potassium reach removal smell and difficult decomposed substance, suspended matter, and retain the effect of nutriment to greatest extent.
(5) a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the invention, by the emission biogas slurry after biogas fermentation through short-term efficient Liquid fertilizer is made in processing, the ammonia nitrogen value of this liquid fertilizer is controlled in 250ppm hereinafter, nitrate nitrogen is higher, while phosphorus, potassium, organic carbon all compared with Height is suitable as organic fertilizer and is absorbed by crops.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the preparation process schematic diagram of bamboo fertilizer in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the preparation process schematic diagram of farm's liquid fertilizer in embodiment 6.
Specific implementation mode
To further appreciate that present disclosure, in conjunction with attached drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to Convenient for the description present invention and simplify description, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " is used for description purposes only, and is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
With reference to embodiment, the invention will be further described.
Embodiment 1
A kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, is prepared using following technique:Successively by Animal fecal pollution It is sent into methane-generating pit and generates biogas slurry, biogas slurry, which is sent into Aerobic Process for Treatment pond, ferments, and eventually enters into the concentration concentrated filtering of storage pool It can be prepared by;It should be noted that using the micro-nano aeration of electromagnetic type that can generate 3-10um bubbles wherein in Aerobic Process for Treatment pond Device carries out intermittent aerating, which includes two air inlets, and an air inlet slowly sucks pig manure The compound biological enzyme (can be adjusted in liquid fertilizer per ton input 1 liter of compound biological enzyme) extracted in urine, another air inlet then interval Air inlet adjusted air inlet to 1/2 size from closing every 3 hours, and so move in circles handover operation, can be in a short time (1-2 days) obtain the higher liquid fertilizer of fertilizer efficiency;To find out its cause, the micro-nano aeration of 3-10um generates extra small bubble, specific surface area is very Greatly, to urinate microorganism oxygenation in stoste or biogas slurry to pig efficient, and control air inlet switch it is smaller when oxygen supply seldom but will produce big Free radical to be measured, microorganism can be effectively controlled and rise in value in right amount, the multi-nutrient that avoids rising in value is difficult into fertilizer by a large amount of digestion, to Efficient liquid fertilizer is quickly made in a short time.
Current general livestock and poultry farm is equipped with methane-generating pit or tank for sewage gas, and livestock and poultry sewage is generated natural pond by anaerobic fermentation Gas and be used to generate electricity, while reducing the pollutant concentration of livestock and poultry feces.The present embodiment is then by the emission natural pond after biogas fermentation Liquid fertilizer is made through short-term efficient process in liquid, the ammonia nitrogen value of this liquid fertilizer is controlled in 250ppm hereinafter, nitrate nitrogen is higher, while phosphorus, potassium, Organic carbon is all higher, is suitable as organic fertilizer and is absorbed by crops, and combines being used cooperatively for bamboo fertilizer, can effectively avoid existing natural pond The crop that liquid direct returning to farmland is caused burns the problems such as root, soil hardening, can efficiently use the nutrition in biogas slurry.It needs to illustrate It is that the present embodiment uses micro-nano aeration device, controls a small amount of air inlet, strengthens free radical and air supporting effect in micro-nano aeration Fruit, concentrating reduces COD and suspended matter, and more retains ammonia nitrogen and total phosphorus, total potassium, reach removal smell and difficult decomposed substance, Suspended matter, and retain the effect of nutriment to greatest extent.
A kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment first applies bamboo fertilizer on pending object, will Liquid fertilizer is sprayed on bamboo fertilizer and is used, and specifically, bamboo fertilizer paving is first sprinkled upon 2cm on the farmland of fertilising object, then on bamboo fertilizer Above-mentioned liquid fertilizer is sprayed, liquid fertilizer and bamboo fertilizer is made to rapidly become one, inorganic nitrogen (account for about total nitrogen in liquid fertilizer 65%) in liquid fertilizer, The nutriments such as phosphorus, potassium, carbon and trace element are mixed with bamboo fertilizer, and comprehensive fertilizer efficiency improves and conducive to the quick suction of soil and crop It receives.Bamboo fertilizer herein refers to bamboo to be blended as fertilizer made of primary raw material.
Crops are slower to the absorption of organic fertilizer, cause the consumption of liquid fertilizer also just relatively slow, this be also exactly liquid fertilizer be not easy it is general And difficult point, the obstacle that liquid fertilizer uses also resides in the number and concentration means of wherein nutritional ingredient, wherein the high cost concentrated is again It is the biggest obstacle that liquid fertilizer is difficult to scale up, and the liquid fertilizer of the present embodiment does not have to concentration, is directly dripped to farmland with pipeline transmission It fills or sprays, cost can be substantially reduced, and improve service efficiency;Secondly, bamboo fertilizer is fluffy particulate matter, and absorbability is strong, can inhale A large amount of liquid fertilizers are received, while its specific surface area is very big, liquid fertilizer is sprayed at and is blended on the huge bamboo fertilizer of rear specific surface area, it can quilt It is rapid to adsorb and evaporate extra moisture, side continue oxidative fermentation (more convert ammonia nitrogen to nitrate nitrogen and nitrite nitrogen, More conducively plant absorption digests), while being absorbed by crops, the speed of liquid fertilizer absorbed by consumption is substantially increased, while giving soil And crop increases nutrition, while efficient process livestock and poultry feces, resource is converted to fertilizer, and can be effective by plant It absorbs.
Liquid fertilizer collocation bamboo fertilizer from Pig dung and urine is used cooperatively by the present embodiment, and the high nutrient in bamboo fertilizer makes soil Microorganism breeds rapidly in earth, and the organic matter nutrition in liquid fertilizer by a large amount of microorganism decompositions, can be easy to the absorption of plant and disappear Change, while the trace element in liquid fertilizer also can be such that bamboo powder nutrition more balances with vitamins, microorganism more develops, and kind is here Plant in soil is just at growing fast and high-quality.
Embodiment 2
The a kind of of the present embodiment is further needed using the liquid fertilizer application process of livestock and poultry feces substantially with embodiment 1 Bright, the bamboo fertilizer in the present embodiment is using the bamboo blended as fertilizer made of primary raw material, and bamboo plumpness degree is 3cm, tool Body, bamboo are blended to lignin grain size in 1mm and hereinafter, form bamboo powder, trace element are also added in bamboo powder and from pig The compound biological enzyme extracted in fecaluria, the trace element include zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese.Bamboo fertilizer includes that mass ratio is:96-98% Bamboo powder, the compound biological enzyme of 1-3%, the trace element of 0.1-1%, specifically in the present embodiment include 98% bamboo powder, 1.5% compound biological enzyme and 0.5% trace element.It is as follows when preparing bamboo fertilizer:
Step 1: blending bamboo to lignin grain size in 1mm and hereinafter, formation bamboo powder;
Step 2: adding above-mentioned trace element and compound biological enzyme according to the above ratio in bamboo powder.
Compound biological enzyme is made of following methods in the present embodiment:
Step A:After pig manure soiled ends is separated by solid-liquid separation, pig urine stoste is produced;
Step B:By in pig urine stoste input reaction container, successively according to A/A/O techniques (and oxygen-anaerobic-aerobic) at Reason, is wherein respectively equipped with micro-nano aeration device in first three reaction container;
Step C:Enter precipitation filtering barrel after pig urine stoste is at least repeated 3 times A/A/O techniques, output is compound after filtering Biological enzyme, content of microorganisms is less than 1% in compound biological enzyme.
The specific big reaction container that multiple 10-20 tons of engineering plastics or glass steel can be used in the present embodiment, it is multiple Reaction container is arranged and connects according to simultaneous oxygen-anaerobic-aerobic interval successively, and micro-nano aeration dress is equipped in first three reaction container It sets, dissolved oxygen is in 2mg/L or more in control reaction container;Daily into pig urine stoste (such as 2 tons) from first reaction container, with nature Overflow manner sequentially enters in next reaction container, at least in triplicate after A/A/O techniques, then from last reaction container after three months In the biological enzyme solution that goes out of final overflow be about daily 300 liters, then be filtered through precipitation filtering barrel and compound bio be made after purification Enzyme, content of microorganisms is less than 1% in the compound biological enzyme, to river purification, sewage plant sludge decrement, soil sanitation etc. through reality Trampling confirmation has good result.
It should also be noted that, in the present embodiment when manufacturing compound biological enzyme using Pig dung and urine, it can also be each anti- It answers and adds protoenzyme in bucket, protoenzyme herein refers to the above-mentioned compound biological enzyme processed and is made through 10-20 times of concentration.
The present embodiment makes compound biological enzyme using Pig dung and urine, and pig is omnivorousness domestic animal, and enteron aisle is longer and various microorganisms Various, many using all kinds of organized enzyme types in compound biological enzyme made of Pig dung and urine, wide usage is stronger, is suitable for activating various Microorganism in soil causes the chain reaction of a variety of mushrooms.
The present embodiment uses bamboo as fertilizer in a creative way, and the quilt in nature is difficult to since bamboo fibre is tough and tensile in bamboo Microorganism decomposition, thus it is also extremely limited for the chemurgy of bamboo application at present, and bamboo is by bamboo fibre and a variety of polysaccharides What nutritional ingredient was constituted, wherein the nutriment contained is wrapped up by lignin, and lignin is difficult to be decomposed by natural microbial, Cause bamboo that can not be blended bamboo to lignin grain size by plant and soil absorption nutrition, the present embodiment at all for a long time to exist 1mm and it is following (such as can be used Mitsubishi heavy industry subsidiary manufacture pulper blended), can effectively blend bamboo The cell wall of middle wood fibre, to discharge a large number of nutrients wrapped up by lignin in bamboo, such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and micro- Secondary element and a large amount of polysaccharide nutriments etc..
The above-mentioned bamboo fertilizer of the present embodiment method in application is as follows, to being blended to lignin grain size in 1mm and below A small amount of micro- (including zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese) is added in bamboo powder, bamboo powder paving is then sprinkled upon (such as soil on pending object On) 2cm, and above-mentioned compound biological enzyme is sprayed in bamboo powder, wherein the mass ratio of each ingredient is:98% bamboo powder, 1.5% are answered Close biological enzyme and 0.5% trace element.
Rich in polysaccharides, plant fiber, vitamin and minerals such as water-solubility vegetable fibres in the bamboo powder of the present embodiment, it is Nutriment necessary to microorganism most likes and quickly breeds, the battalion that lignin in bamboo powder is blended broken wall and makes wherein to wrap up Foster substance largely discharges, and ambient microorganisms, which can be assembled rapidly, to be assimilated, then adds a small amount of trace element and compound bio Enzyme increases microbial activity so that this is digested and assimilated process and is quickly carried out, to keep each quasi-microorganism in soil a large amount of Breeding, microorganism can manufacture the nutriments such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium of plant needs, and the balance of these nutriments Their plant quality of absorption and quantity is set to be improved;Bamboo fertilizer is directly dispersed in soil surface, in air, in the water of periphery And Soil Microorganism can rapidly focus at bamboo fertilizer, assimilate these sufficient nutrition in soil surface so that deep Settle down breeding;The microflora and circulatory system problem of soil can be effectively improved after the rapid mass propagation of surface microorganism.
Microbial fermentation in the present embodiment soil is the composite fermentation of multiple-microorganism and enzyme, and wherein composite fermentation is The fermentation cycle of effective microbiota, bamboo fertilizer using the local microenvironment in natural soils, in the water of in air and periphery in use, given birth to Object is subject to compound biological enzyme fixed point activation, has reached the purpose of the entire local microflora of activation, this cycle includes four ranks Section:
(1) aerobic microbiologicals such as lactic acid bacteria, yeast manufacture a large amount of physiological activators during the fermentation, as amino acid, Carbohydrate, vitamin, minerals etc., and swapped with other microorganisms, purification in the process is gone out except aerobic corrupt mushroom, it General character anaerobism mushroom (mushroom existing for nature) comes into play afterwards;
(2) a large amount of existing actinomycetes etc. come into play in soil, produce antibiotic, the anaerobism in purification removal soil Spoilage organisms, virus, pathogen etc.;
(3) nitrogen-fixing bacteria draw the nitrogen in fixed air, make nitrogenous fertilizer;
(4) photosynthetic bacteria, algal fungi, chemical combination bacterium come into play, and suck carbon dioxide and nitrogen, by photosynthesis and Chemical combination, decomposer decomposition product, organic matter, inorganic matter etc. simultaneously obtain energy.
The above continuous action causes the benign cycle in soil, and probiotics is made to account for dominant advantage, keeps soil soft, Fu Ying It supports, gradually makes to be improved soil by the soil natural improvement that ecological disruption and agriculture chemical destroy to be suitble to the excellent soil of crops The problems such as hardenedization of earth, salinization of soil, pesticide and heavy-metal contaminated soil.
Some areas bamboo grove excessively multiplies disorderly long at present, deprives the living space of other plant, or even cause Some Species The good-for-nothing miscellaneous bamboo that nature is largely put aside as useless is made full use of and efficient organic fertilizer is made by extinction, the present embodiment, contributes to protection zone The domain ecological balance, and verified through long-term practice in more than ten fruit and vegetable cultivation farm, had using the bamboo fertilizer of the present embodiment Apparent agricultural product improve quality and the effect of increasing income, can not only significantly improve the harvest yield of agricultural product, agricultural product (melon and fruit class) Pol is apparently higher than common chemical fertilizer agriculture method, and the vitamins of agricultural product also significantly improves, to improve the taste of fruit and vegetable Mouthfeel, the safer health of agricultural product;Secondly, by applying bamboo fertilizer, a large amount of micro- lifes in empty gas and water, soil in soil surface Object can significantly concentrate breeding, and go deep into soil horizon and improve the bacterium colony environment in deep, effectively remove excessive pesticide and chemical fertilizer ingredient, Heavy metal, salt bases etc., improve soil quality comprehensively, reply the original health of soil;Again, bamboo can largely adsorb sky The atmosphere pollutions such as the particulate matter in gas, including flue gas, vehicle exhaust, dust, PM2.5, after blending bamboo fibre, bamboo powder dimension pipe Beam surface area significantly increases, and adsorption effect also greatly improves, and the particulate matter of absorption can flow into depth of soils with rainwater or watering And be fixed, no longer raised because of wind.
It should also be noted that, the bamboo fertilizer of the present embodiment additionally aids the nitrite being greatly reduced in vegetable and fruit, Nitrite is main carcinogen, and nitric nitrogen refers to nitrogen of the plant from root absorption, and N P and K be plant growth not Can or scarce three nutritious elements, currently on the market in order to improve crop yield would generally a large amount of applied nitrogens, cause plant to inhale Receipts are stored in much larger than the nitric nitrogen needed for own growth in leaf, such vegetable melon and fruit smell bad, and not by plant The nitric nitrogen of absorption remains in soil, polluted underground water;And the gal4 amino acid in nitric nitrogen and human body is combined and is formed, It is a kind of strong carcinogen, the hemoglobin of nutriment is carried in extra nitric nitrogen meeting oxygenate blood, causes blood Oxygen carrying capacity declines, so as to cause the anaerobic condition of human body;The World Health Organization (WHO) provides the safe intake of nitric nitrogen The nitric nitrogen intake upper limit for being weight per kilogram is 3.5 milligrams, by taking spinach as an example, through practical proof, using common chemical fertilizer The spinach that the spinach main foundation nutritional ingredient collected generally is less than the plantation of bamboo fertilizer agriculture method is planted, mineral composition is bamboo fertilizer agriculture method 50-60%, Vitamin C content is the 1/4 of bamboo fertilizer agriculture method, and nitric nitrogen content is then 10-20 times of bamboo fertilizer agriculture method.
Embodiment 3
A kind of liquid fertilizer preparation method using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, substantially with embodiment 1, the difference is that this In embodiment intermittent aerating, the electricity are carried out using the electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device for generating 3-10um bubbles in Aerobic Process for Treatment pond Magnetic-type micro-nano aeration device includes two air inlets, and the compound biological enzyme extracted in an air inlet sucking Pig dung and urine is another A air inlet interval air inlet adjusted air inlet to 1/3 openings of sizes from closing every 2 hours, and move in circles handover operation;
A kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, wherein the bamboo fertilizer used is including mass ratio 96% bamboo powder, 3% compound biological enzyme (being extracted from Pig dung and urine) and 1% trace element (including zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese).
Embodiment 4
A kind of liquid fertilizer preparation method using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, substantially with embodiment 1, the difference is that this In embodiment intermittent aerating, the electricity are carried out using the electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device for generating 3-10um bubbles in Aerobic Process for Treatment pond Magnetic-type micro-nano aeration device includes two air inlets, and the compound biological enzyme extracted in an air inlet sucking Pig dung and urine is another A air inlet interval air inlet adjusted air inlet to 1/2 openings of sizes from closing every 4 hours, and move in circles handover operation;
A kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, wherein the bamboo fertilizer used is including mass ratio 98% bamboo powder, 1% compound biological enzyme (being extracted from Pig dung and urine) and 1% trace element (including zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese), Bamboo plumpness degree is 2.5cm.
Embodiment 5
A kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces of the present embodiment, wherein the bamboo fertilizer used is including mass ratio 97% bamboo powder, 2.9% compound biological enzyme (being extracted from Pig dung and urine) and 0.1% trace element (including zinc, selenium, magnesium and Manganese).
Embodiment 6
Illustrate the preparation of liquid fertilizer, state-owned enterprise of Nanping city in Fujian pig farm, scale below in conjunction with specific farm's concrete case Year delivers 50,000 or more for sale, and has periphery larger piece farmland, as shown in Fig. 2, adaptation to local conditions proposes breeding association schemes:First pond It it is 2500 tons to the 4th pond pool capacity total amount, the residence time is 7-8 days total;Each pond is both provided with micro-nano aeration device, micro-nano Rice aerator VSJ is detailed as follows:First former pond:1000 cubic metres of volume, VSJ2000 (7.5KW, TSURUMI immersible pump); Second regulating reservoir:500 cubic metres of volume, VSJ800 (3.7KW);Third regulating reservoir:500 cubic metres of volume, VSJ600 (3.7KW);4th regulating reservoir:500 cubic metres of volume, VSJ600 (3.7KW);Sedimentation basin:50 cubic metres of volume, VSJ600 (3.7KW);Concentration adjustment pond:3000 cubic metres of volume, and it is provided with cycle shower (3.7KW);It is additionally provided with from pig Give up the raw water pump 3.3KW that former pond (the first processing pond) conveys raw water;Equipment for separating liquid from solid 0.4KW;Sludge is de- behind sedimentation basin Water installations 0.2KW;Concentration basin is to finished pot delivery pump 3.3KW;Defoaming device is set simultaneously in first processing pond, when beginning also needs Using 0.3% biological enzyme formulation (2500t × 0.3%=7.5 tons), 7.5 tons of biological enzyme are put into sedimentation basin, it is micro- with VSJ300 Nanometer aeration device simple aeration;Since raw water enters former pond, to starting nature overflow after three regulating reservoirs into heavy Shallow lake Chi Zhi, adjustment raw water water inlet is daily 1 ton, and starts to flow back from sedimentation basin to former pond, and regurgitant volume is daily 1 ton;It holds After continuous 30 days, then raw water is entered to the inflow of former pond and is adjusted to daily 320 tons;About 7-8 days, first liquid fertilizer moon 300 Ton is completed, wherein 60% enters default pipeline in garden, launches orchard and standardized production organic vegetable factory;Remaining 40% into After entering concentration basin concentration, it is transferred to finished pot.Persistently press above-mentioned operation continuous production daily later.
Embodiment 7
Bioenergy company of Hutubi, Xinjiang state-owned enterprise makes biogas using a large amount of cow dungs of periphery cowboying enterprise, and pure It is used as natural gas sales after change, generates 1200 cubic metres of biogas slurries daily, storage pool has the biogas slurry savings of 10 ten thousand steres.This The embodiment of embodiment is as follows:
Producing 340000 tons of biogas slurries per year first, (after 6000 cubes of 6 process tanks, 25 days anaerobic fermentations, desulfurization is purified to 99.65% natural gas, compression sale), totally 10 ten thousand cubes of 2, biogas slurry pond (2.5 meters of depths, 100 meters wide, 200 meters long, totally 2 pond), natural pond Slag produces 4.5 ten thousand tons per year;
Secondly, 20 tons are built by two biogas slurry ponds to handle 2 (per one, pond, 20 tons of process tanks), in great Chi plus plug-flow pumps, Mainly use the enzyme preparation of KO-AMX bacterium, and with biogas slurry in great Chi carry out cycle expand it is numerous, so as to which KO-AMX is formed in great Chi as early as possible COD, ammonia nitrogen degradation are directly used in liquid by dominant microflora under anaerobic or simultaneous oxygen condition at short chain nutritional ingredient and nitrogen etc. Organic fertilizer;Also can be the mating 6 20 tons of continuous processing tanks of each great Chi, to accelerate the digestion process of biogas slurry in great Chi.
In conclusion organic fertilizer is made in livestock and poultry feces, and use bamboo fertilizer as carrier, keeps soil and crop big Quickly consumption absorbs liquid fertilizer to amount, and confirms that its fertilizer efficiency is higher through putting into practice case, can effectively increase the pol of vegetable and fruit, dimension life Cellulose content, and the content of nitrite in vegetable and fruit can be significantly reduced (use of existing chemical fertilizer leads to very high nitrous acid Salt content, be harmful to consumer health), can also effectively promote the yield of vegetable and fruit and crop, sufficiently achieve livestock and poultry feces without Discharge the purpose of resource complete alternation.
Schematically the present invention and embodiments thereof are described above, description is not limiting, institute in attached drawing What is shown is also one of embodiments of the present invention, and actual structure is not limited to this.So if the common skill of this field Art personnel are enlightened by it, without departing from the spirit of the invention, are not inventively designed and the technical solution Similar frame mode and embodiment, are within the scope of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces, it is characterised in that:First apply bamboo fertilizer on pending object, by liquid Fertilizer is sprayed on bamboo fertilizer and is used.
2. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bamboo fertilizer refers to Using the bamboo blended as fertilizer made of primary raw material, bamboo plumpness degree is 2-3cm.
3. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The bamboo quilt It blends to lignin grain size in 1mm and hereinafter, formation bamboo powder.
4. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Also add in bamboo powder The compound biological enzyme extracted added with trace element and from Pig dung and urine.
5. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The micro member Element includes zinc, selenium, magnesium and manganese.
6. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Bamboo fertilizer includes Mass ratio is:The bamboo powder of 96-98%, the compound biological enzyme of 1-3%, the trace element of 0.1-1%.
7. a kind of liquid fertilizer application process using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Compound biological enzyme It is made of following methods:
Step A:After pig manure soiled ends is separated by solid-liquid separation, pig urine stoste is produced;
Step B:By in pig urine stoste input reaction container, handled successively according to A/A/O techniques, wherein in first three reaction container It is respectively equipped with micro-nano aeration device;
Step C:Enter precipitation filtering barrel after pig urine stoste is at least repeated 3 times A/A/O techniques, after filtering output compound bio Enzyme, content of microorganisms is less than 1% in compound biological enzyme.
8. a kind of liquid fertilizer preparation method using livestock and poultry feces, it is characterised in that:Animal fecal pollution is sequentially sent to methane-generating pit to generate Biogas slurry is sent into Aerobic Process for Treatment pond and fermented by biogas slurry, is eventually entered into the concentrated filtering of concentration storage pool and be can be prepared by;It is wherein good In oxygen processing pond intermittent aerating is carried out using the electromagnetic type micro-nano aeration device for generating 3-10um bubbles.
9. a kind of liquid fertilizer preparation method using livestock and poultry feces according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:Electromagnetic type micro-nano Rice aerator includes two air inlets, the compound biological enzyme extracted in an air inlet sucking Pig dung and urine, another air inlet Interval air inlet adjusted air inlet to (1/3-1/2) openings of sizes from closing every 2-4 hours, and move in circles handover operation.
10. a kind of liquid fertilizer using livestock and poultry feces, it is characterised in that:Using preparation method system as claimed in claim 8 or 9 .
CN201810143912.2A 2018-02-12 2018-02-12 It is a kind of to utilize liquid fertilizer of livestock and poultry feces and preparation method thereof and its application process Pending CN108358692A (en)

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CN111170571A (en) * 2020-01-15 2020-05-19 浙江亲水园生物科技有限公司 Liquid manure treatment process for livestock manure
CN111387221A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-10 浙江亲水园生物科技有限公司 Natural antibacterial and antiviral preparation, preparation method and application thereof
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CN101704691A (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-05-12 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所 Bamboo residue organic fertilizer and method for preparing same
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CN111387221A (en) * 2020-03-23 2020-07-10 浙江亲水园生物科技有限公司 Natural antibacterial and antiviral preparation, preparation method and application thereof
CN111607402A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-01 浙江亲水园生物科技有限公司 Method for preparing soil conditioner by using high ammonia nitrogen wastewater and application

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