CN205191550U - High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler - Google Patents

High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205191550U
CN205191550U CN201520942175.4U CN201520942175U CN205191550U CN 205191550 U CN205191550 U CN 205191550U CN 201520942175 U CN201520942175 U CN 201520942175U CN 205191550 U CN205191550 U CN 205191550U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning case
pipe
dust cleaning
air distribution
burner hearth
Prior art date
Application number
CN201520942175.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张斌
徐曰超
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山东圣凯节能投资有限公司
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Priority to CN201520942175.4U priority Critical patent/CN205191550U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205191550U publication Critical patent/CN205191550U/en

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    • Y02E20/348

Abstract

The utility model discloses a high -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler, the induction cooker comprises a cooker bod, be provided with smoke box in proper order in the furnace body, furnace and boiler ash chamber, the furnace top is linked together through exhaust port and smoke box, it is the air distribution chamber that the furnace body is the middle cavity of sandwich structure, the air distribution chamber is provided with the air intake, be equipped with out the tobacco pipe on the outlet flue, the outside that goes out the tobacco pipe is equipped with the economizer bank, be connected with the air -blower on the economizer bank, the economizer bank passes through pipeline and air intake connection, the end -to -end connection of managing of discharging fume there is the dust removal case, dust removal case opposite side is provided with the inlet tube, be equipped with charge device on the inlet tube, dust removal incasement wall and dust removal case flue gas inlet's junction top is provided with leads the cigarette wall, the dust removal incasement of leading cigarette wall below is provided with spray set, spray set passes through inlet tube and outside pipe connection, the case that removes dust relatively on the dust removal incasement wall of spray set below is provided with the slant baffle aslope. The utility model discloses simple structure, convenient to use, energy -concerving and environment -protective, combustion efficiency is high, and the combustion efficiency is good.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler

Technical field

The utility model relates to boiler technology field, specifically a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler.

Background technology

Along with the development of society, the protective awareness of people to environment is more and more stronger, thus energy saving and environment friendly boiler is also more and more subject to concern and the welcome of people, China is the production of coal and uses big country, industrial coal and coal consumption of living use amount very large, continually developing and utilizing along with coal, the coal resources of China are fewer and feweri, therefore the thermal efficiency improved and make full use of coal is extremely urgent problem, coal can be made to burn fully by the transformation of boiler structure, improve the thermal efficiency of coal, reduce the exhaust emission of flue dust, purify air, thus reach the object of energy-conserving and environment-protective.The boiler structure of prior art is varied, most boiler structures is unreasonable, coal burning is insufficient, produce a large amount of flue dust in combustion, Dark smoke billows, soot emissions severe overweight, does not meet the requirement that national energy-saving reduces discharging, and has not only wasted resource but also polluted Environmental Studies to develop energy-efficient less boiler and be very important.

Utility model content

The purpose of this utility model is the high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler providing a kind of structure simple, easy to use, to solve the problem proposed in above-mentioned background technology.

For achieving the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:

A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler, comprise body of heater, smoke box is successively provided with in described body of heater, burner hearth and ashes room, roof of the furnace is connected with smoke box by exhaust opening, fire grate is provided with between burner hearth and ashes room, described smoke box is provided with outlet flue, burner hearth is provided with feeding port, ashes room is provided with cleaning door, described body of heater is sandwich middle cavity is air distribution chamber, described air distribution chamber is provided with air inlet, the inwall of ashes room is provided with multiple first aid distributing pipe, ashes room is connected with air distribution chamber by the first aid distributing pipe, the hearth wall of burner hearth is provided with multiple second aid distributing pipe, burner hearth is connected with air distribution chamber by the second aid distributing pipe, described outlet flue is provided with pipe, the outside of described pipe is provided with economizer bank, described economizer bank is connected with air blast, economizer bank is connected with air inlet by pipeline, the end of smoke exhaust pipe is connected with dust cleaning case, described dust cleaning case side is provided with exhanst gas outlet, dust cleaning case opposite side is provided with water inlet pipe, described water inlet pipe is provided with chemicals dosing plant, smoke guide wall is provided with above the junction of dust cleaning case inwall and dust cleaning case gas approach, spray equipment is provided with in dust cleaning case below described smoke guide wall, described spray equipment comprises multiple atomizer and spray header, described atomizer is evenly arranged on described spray header, described spray header is connected with external pipe by water inlet pipe, on dust cleaning case inwall below described spray equipment, relative dust cleaning case is provided with oblique baffle plate obliquely, dust-exhausting port is provided with bottom dust cleaning case.

As further program of the utility model: described exhaust opening also has multiple air distribution aperture be connected with air distribution chamber.

As further program of the utility model: the shape of described smoke guide wall is set to arc.

As the utility model further scheme: described fire grate is water-cooled grate.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: be furnished with water-cooled grate tube in burner hearth in the utility model, take the mode overheavy firing of three air distributions, first the first aid distributing pipe is had in water-cooled grate lower disposed, carry out an air distribution, coal is burnt on water-cooled grate, the flue gas that burning produces is by the second aid distributing pipe in the middle part of burner hearth, carry out secondary air distribution, volatile ingredient in coal is fully transformed laggard row gasification, and combustion, then by roof of the furnace exhaust opening being provided with the intensive air distribution aperture of multilayer, carry out three air distributions, combustible component in coal and granule are fully mixed with air, sufficient combustion, combustion intensity is high, efficiency of combustion is high, reduce the phenomenon of common coal-burning boiler over-emitting black exhaust, reduce the concentration of emission of NOx, be provided with dust cleaning case, owing to arranging smoke guide wall above gas approach, dust-removing box inwall simultaneously below spray equipment is provided with oblique baffle plate, thus shower water and flue dust can be made fully to contact the object reaching dedusting, its energy consumption is low, working stability, maintenance load is little, reduce further the discharge of flue dust, also be provided with chemicals dosing plant, agent-feeding treatment can be carried out to flue gas, reduce the discharge of pernicious gas in flue gas, be provided with economizer bank, tail gas can be utilized to carry out preheating to combustion-supporting gas, energy-conserving and environment-protective, improve the efficiency of burning, overall structure is simple, easy to use, meet the demand in market, be conducive to environmental protection.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Refer to Fig. 1, in the utility model embodiment, a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler, comprise body of heater 1, smoke box 2 is successively provided with in described body of heater 1, burner hearth 3 and ashes room 4, burner hearth 3 top is connected with smoke box 2 by exhaust opening 8, described exhaust opening 8 also has multiple air distribution aperture 9 be connected with air distribution chamber 13, fire grate 7 is provided with between burner hearth 3 and ashes room 4, fire grate 7 is water-cooled grate, described smoke box 2 is provided with outlet flue, burner hearth 3 is provided with feeding port 5, ashes room 4 is provided with cleaning door 6, described body of heater 1 for sandwich middle cavity be air distribution chamber 13, described air distribution chamber 13 is provided with air inlet 10, the inwall of ashes room 4 is provided with multiple first aid distributing pipe 11, ashes room 4 is connected with air distribution chamber 13 by the first aid distributing pipe 11, the hearth wall of burner hearth 3 is provided with multiple second aid distributing pipe 12, burner hearth 3 is connected with air distribution chamber 13 by the second aid distributing pipe 12, take the mode overheavy firing of three air distributions, first the first aid distributing pipe 11 is had in water-cooled grate lower disposed, carry out an air distribution, coal is burnt on water-cooled grate, the flue gas that burning produces is by the second aid distributing pipe 12 in the middle part of burner hearth 2, carry out secondary air distribution, volatile ingredient in coal is fully transformed laggard row gasification, and combustion, then by burner hearth 2 top exhaust opening 8 is provided with the intensive air distribution aperture 9 of multilayer, carry out three air distributions, combustible component in coal and granule are fully mixed with air, sufficient combustion, combustion intensity is high, efficiency of combustion is high, reduce the phenomenon of common coal-burning boiler over-emitting black exhaust, reduce the concentration of emission of NOx.

Described outlet flue is provided with pipe 14, the outside of described pipe 14 is provided with economizer bank 15, described economizer bank 15 is connected with air blast 16, economizer bank 15 is connected with air inlet 10 by pipeline, tail gas can be utilized to carry out preheating to combustion-supporting gas, energy-conserving and environment-protective, improve the efficiency of burning, the end of smoke exhaust pipe 14 is connected with dust cleaning case 17, described dust cleaning case 17 side is provided with exhanst gas outlet 23, dust cleaning case 17 opposite side is provided with water inlet pipe 18, described water inlet pipe 18 is provided with chemicals dosing plant 21, smoke guide wall 22 is provided with above the junction of dust cleaning case 17 inwall and dust cleaning case gas approach, the shape of described smoke guide wall 22 is set to arc, spray equipment is provided with in dust cleaning case 17 below smoke guide wall 22, described spray equipment comprises multiple atomizer 20 and spray header 19, described atomizer 20 is evenly arranged on described spray header 19, described spray header 19 is connected with external pipe by water inlet pipe 18, on dust cleaning case 17 inwall below described spray equipment, relative dust cleaning case 17 is provided with oblique baffle plate 24 obliquely, dust-exhausting port 25 is provided with bottom dust cleaning case 17.Owing to arranging smoke guide wall 22 above gas approach, dust cleaning case 17 inwall simultaneously below spray equipment is provided with oblique baffle plate 24, thus shower water and flue dust can be made fully to contact the object reaching dedusting, its energy consumption is low, working stability, and maintenance load is little, reduce further the discharge of flue dust, also be provided with chemicals dosing plant 21, agent-feeding treatment can be carried out to flue gas, reduce the discharge of pernicious gas in flue gas.Overall structure is simple, easy to use, meets the demand in market, is conducive to environmental protection.

To those skilled in the art, obvious the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present utility model or essential characteristic, can realize the utility model in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present utility model is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the utility model.Any Reference numeral in claim should be considered as the claim involved by limiting.

In addition, be to be understood that, although this description is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by description integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.

Claims (4)

1. a high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler, comprise body of heater (1), it is characterized in that, smoke box (2) is successively provided with in described body of heater (1), burner hearth (3) and ashes room (4), burner hearth (3) top is connected with smoke box (2) by exhaust opening (8), fire grate (7) is provided with between burner hearth (3) and ashes room (4), described smoke box (2) is provided with outlet flue, burner hearth (3) is provided with feeding port (5), ashes room (4) is provided with cleaning door (6), described body of heater (1) for sandwich middle cavity be air distribution chamber (13), described air distribution chamber (13) is provided with air inlet (10), the inwall of ashes room (4) is provided with multiple first aid distributing pipe (11), ashes room (4) is connected with air distribution chamber (13) by the first aid distributing pipe (11), the hearth wall of burner hearth (3) is provided with multiple second aid distributing pipe (12), burner hearth (3) is connected with air distribution chamber (13) by the second aid distributing pipe (12), described outlet flue is provided with pipe (14), the outside of described pipe (14) is provided with economizer bank (15), described economizer bank (15) is connected with air blast (16), economizer bank (15) is connected with air inlet (10) by pipeline, the end of smoke exhaust pipe (14) is connected with dust cleaning case (17), described dust cleaning case (17) side is provided with exhanst gas outlet (23), dust cleaning case (17) opposite side is provided with water inlet pipe (18), described water inlet pipe (18) is provided with chemicals dosing plant (21), smoke guide wall (22) is provided with above the junction of dust cleaning case (17) inwall and dust cleaning case gas approach, spray equipment is provided with in the dust cleaning case (17) of described smoke guide wall (22) below, described spray equipment comprises multiple atomizer (20) and spray header (19), described atomizer (20) is evenly arranged on described spray header (19), described spray header (19) is connected with external pipe by water inlet pipe (18), on dust cleaning case (17) inwall below described spray equipment, relative dust cleaning case (17) is provided with oblique baffle plate (24) obliquely, dust cleaning case (17) bottom is provided with dust-exhausting port (25).
2. a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described exhaust opening (8) also has multiple air distribution aperture (9) be connected with air distribution chamber (13).
3. a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the shape of described smoke guide wall (22) is set to arc.
4. a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly energy-conservation coal-burning boiler according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fire grate (7) is water-cooled grate.
CN201520942175.4U 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler CN205191550U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520942175.4U CN205191550U (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520942175.4U CN205191550U (en) 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler

Publications (1)

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CN205191550U true CN205191550U (en) 2016-04-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106288749A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-04 合肥三伍机械有限公司 One can use fuel oil drying machine heating system
CN107543311B (en) * 2017-07-20 2019-11-15 王胜 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106288749A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-04 合肥三伍机械有限公司 One can use fuel oil drying machine heating system
CN107543311B (en) * 2017-07-20 2019-11-15 王胜 A kind of efficient energy saving and environment friendly boiler

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