CN201212729Y - Biomass granular fuel boiler - Google Patents

Biomass granular fuel boiler Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN201212729Y
CN201212729Y CNU2008200719429U CN200820071942U CN201212729Y CN 201212729 Y CN201212729 Y CN 201212729Y CN U2008200719429 U CNU2008200719429 U CN U2008200719429U CN 200820071942 U CN200820071942 U CN 200820071942U CN 201212729 Y CN201212729 Y CN 201212729Y
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
chamber
burner hearth
burning chamber
boiler
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU2008200719429U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
金波
李立功
Original Assignee
金波
李立功
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 金波, 李立功 filed Critical 金波
Priority to CNU2008200719429U priority Critical patent/CN201212729Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201212729Y publication Critical patent/CN201212729Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass granular fuel boiler which comprises a boiler body, a hearth, a grate, a boiler door, a soot door, a smoke vent, a water inlet and a water outlet, wherein a burnout chamber and a smoke deflecting box are respectively arranged on both sides of the boiler body, and a smoke exhausting chamber is arranged on the burnout chamber; a hearth outlet is arranged between the burnout chamber and the hearth, and at least two flues are respectively arranged between the burnout chamber and the smoke exhausting chamber, and the smoke deflecting box; a feed screw with a screen and a blower are sequentially arranged on the boiler body at the lower side of the smoke deflecting box; a disposable duct, a burnout duct and a combustion-supporting duct which are respectively provided with a control valve are arranged at the lower sides of the blower and the boiler body and between the burnout chamber and the lower end of the feed screw with a screen; anti-coking pipes in square crossing are arranged at the upper side of the inclined grate arranged in the hearth, and one anti-coking pipe is provided with a hot water pipe in the burnout chamber. The utility model has simple structure, convenient use, environment protection, energy conservation and high heat efficiency without generating solid waste and can use the biomass granular fuel of ash fertilizer.

Description

The biomass granule fuel boiler
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the combustion apparatus technical field, relates in particular to a kind of biomass granule fuel boiler.
Background technology
Present employed boiler major part is to be used for burning the boiler of non-renewable energy resources, this energy burns, need possess large volume, wear-resistant type boiler, in the combustion process, this boiler heating is slow, the thermal efficiency is low, easily produce coking phenomenon, there is solid waste to produce after the burning, and contain a large amount of carbon monoxide in the cigarette of its discharging, carbon dioxide, gases such as sulfur dioxide, the contaminated environment and the phenomenon that wastes energy are comparatively serious, for fear of the generation of above-mentioned phenomenon, people begin to pay close attention to biomass fuel, this fuel is extensive use of in the boiler in rural area, has cheap, pollute little, easy to use, with advantages such as the back ash can apply fertilizer, but the combustion chamber of present employed plain cylindrical furnace can not the completing combustion biomass fuel, as using, problem such as it is low excessively then to exist the thermal efficiency, and energy waste is serious.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to be to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, thermal efficiency height, and quick heating, no coking phenomenon, no solid waste produces, and can make the environment-friendly biomass granular fuel boiler that be suitable for firing biomass fuel of ash with fertilizer.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that the biomass granule fuel boiler that the utility model provides, comprise body of heater, burner hearth, fire grate, fire door, ash-digging gate, exhaust opening, the delivery port of the delivery port of body of heater upside and body of heater downside, be respectively equipped with burning chamber and folding smoke box on the wherein said body of heater both sides, burning chamber's upside is provided with the smoke evacuation chamber of putting exhaust opening, be provided with furnace outlet between the burner hearth in burning chamber and the body of heater, folding smoke box and burning chamber, smoke evacuation is respectively equipped with two flues that are positioned at body of heater between the chamber at least, also be provided with band sieve feed screw and air blast successively on the body of heater of folding smoke box downside, the lower port of band sieve feed screw is located in the burner hearth, be provided with the disposable air channel of putting control valve between the downside of air blast and body of heater, be provided with the air channel that burns of putting control valve between air blast and the burning chamber, burn the air channel and on the end of burning chamber, be provided with cyclone, be provided with the combustion-supporting air channel of putting control valve between the lower port of air blast and band sieve feed screw, the tilting fixed grate upside that is provided with in the described burner hearth is provided with the anti-scorch pipe of square crossing formula, the two ends of each anti-scorch pipe all be located on the inboard wall of burner hearth and with burner hearth and furnace sandwich between communicate, body of heater and the burning chamber of an end in the burner hearth outside that wherein is positioned at an anti-scorch pipe of bottom is provided with hot-water line, the other end of hot-water line is located in the body of heater of burner hearth upside, is respectively equipped with fire door and ash-digging gate on the body of heater of fire grate upside and downside.
Described burning chamber and folding smoke box inwall are provided with adiabatic wall.
Be respectively equipped with delivery port and water inlet on described body of heater upside and the downside.
Usefulness of the present utility model is: 1, the utility model is rational in infrastructure, and volume is little, and owing to the wearing and tearing that do not have sulfur dioxide corrosion and flue dust to heating surface, service life is longer.2, owing to adopted burning chamber, biomass granule fuel to obtain once more burning fully, greatly improve efficiency of combustion, helped energy savings.3, the folding smoke box that is provided with in the utility model has prolonged the time of hot cigarette in stove, has further improved the thermal efficiency.4, quick heating, because of the biomass granule fuel ignition point is low, and reasonable Arrangement heating surface in the stove, further improved efficiency of combustion.5, because of not having coking phenomenon in the biomass granule fuel combustion process, simple to operate, can alleviate fireman's labour intensity.6, the biomass granule fuel that burns fully can not produce the pernicious gas of contaminated environment, and no solid waste produces, and can make ash with fertile.7, easy to use, simple in structure.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, biomass granule fuel boiler in the utility model, comprise body of heater 1, burner hearth 2, fire grate 3, fire door, ash-digging gate, exhaust opening 4, the water inlet 6 of the delivery port 5 of body of heater 1 upside and body of heater 1 downside, be respectively equipped with burning chamber 7 and folding smoke box 8 on wherein said body of heater 1 both sides, burning chamber's 7 upsides are provided with the smoke evacuation chamber 21 of putting exhaust opening 4, be provided with furnace outlet 9 between the burner hearth 2 in burning chamber 7 and the body of heater 1, folding smoke box 8 and burning chamber 7, smoke evacuation is respectively equipped with two flues 11 that are positioned at body of heater 1 between the chamber 21 at least, also be provided with band sieve feed screw 12 and air blast 13 successively on the body of heater 1 of folding smoke box 8 downsides, the lower port of band sieve feed screw 12 is located in the burner hearth 2, be provided with the disposable air channel 14 of putting control valve between the downside of air blast 13 and body of heater 1, be provided with between air blast 13 and the burning chamber 7 put control valve burn air channel 15, burn air channel 15 and on the end of burning chamber 7, be provided with cyclone 20, be provided with the combustion-supporting air channel 16 of putting control valve between the lower port of air blast 13 and band sieve feed screw 12, tilting fixed grate 3 upsides that are provided with in the described burner hearth 2 are provided with the anti-scorch pipe 17 of square crossing formula, the two ends of each anti-scorch pipe 17 all be located on burner hearth 2 inwalls and with burner hearth 2 and body of heater 1 interlayer between communicate, body of heater 1 and the burning chamber 7 of an end in burner hearth 2 outsides that wherein is positioned at an anti-scorch pipe 17 of bottom is provided with hot-water line 10, the other end of hot-water line 10 is located in the body of heater 1 of burner hearth 2 upsides, is respectively equipped with fire door and ash-digging gate on the body of heater 1 of fire grate 3 upsides and downside.Burning chamber 7 and folding smoke box 8 inwalls are provided with adiabatic wall 18.Be respectively equipped with delivery port 5 and water inlet 6 on described body of heater 1 upside and the downside.
During concrete the use, earlier delivery port 5, connect unimpeded between water inlet 6 and the body of heater 1, imported water, in burner hearth 1, insert biomass granule fuel by band sieve feed screw 12 then, biomass granule fuel is put well on anti-scorch pipe 17 of square crossing formula and tilting fixed grate 3, light by fire door, open air blast 13 by disposable air channel 14, burn air channel 15 and combustion-supporting air channel 16 respectively to burner hearth 2 downsides, the air of band oxygen constantly is provided in burning chamber 7 and the burner hearth 2, how much regulating of air by control valve 19, biomass granule fuel is during anti-scorch pipe 17 and fire grate 3 burnings, tiny fuel particle after the burning forms second-time burning along with pyrotechnics enters from furnace outlet 9 in the burning chamber 7, the cigarette of burning enters in the folding smoke box 8 by flue 11, discharge from the exhaust opening 4 in the smoke evacuation chamber 21 by the flue 11 of the superiors at last, the ash of after-flame is then fallen furnace bottom, is drawn out by ash-digging gate to get final product.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of biomass granule fuel boiler, comprise body of heater, burner hearth, fire grate, fire door, ash-digging gate, exhaust opening, the delivery port of the delivery port of body of heater upside and body of heater downside, it is characterized in that, be respectively equipped with burning chamber and folding smoke box on the described body of heater both sides, burning chamber's upside is provided with the smoke evacuation chamber of putting exhaust opening, be provided with furnace outlet between the burner hearth in burning chamber and the body of heater, folding smoke box and burning chamber, smoke evacuation is respectively equipped with two flues that are positioned at body of heater between the chamber at least, also be provided with band sieve feed screw and air blast successively on the body of heater of folding smoke box downside, the lower port of band sieve feed screw is located in the burner hearth, be provided with the disposable air channel of putting control valve between the downside of air blast and body of heater, be provided with the air channel that burns of putting control valve between air blast and the burning chamber, burn the air channel and on the end of burning chamber, be provided with cyclone, be provided with the combustion-supporting air channel of putting control valve between the lower port of air blast and band sieve feed screw, the tilting fixed grate upside that is provided with in the described burner hearth is provided with the anti-scorch pipe of square crossing formula, the two ends of each anti-scorch pipe all be located on the inboard wall of burner hearth and with burner hearth and furnace sandwich between communicate, body of heater and the burning chamber of an end in the burner hearth outside that wherein is positioned at an anti-scorch pipe of bottom is provided with hot-water line, the other end of hot-water line is located in the body of heater of burner hearth upside, is respectively equipped with fire door and ash-digging gate on the body of heater of fire grate upside and downside.
2, biomass granule fuel boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described burning chamber and folding smoke box inwall are provided with adiabatic wall.
3, biomass granule fuel boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that, is respectively equipped with delivery port and water inlet on described body of heater upside and the downside.
CNU2008200719429U 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Biomass granular fuel boiler Expired - Fee Related CN201212729Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200719429U CN201212729Y (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Biomass granular fuel boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200719429U CN201212729Y (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Biomass granular fuel boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201212729Y true CN201212729Y (en) 2009-03-25

Family

ID=40496904

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNU2008200719429U Expired - Fee Related CN201212729Y (en) 2008-06-02 2008-06-02 Biomass granular fuel boiler

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN201212729Y (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893227A (en) * 2010-07-27 2010-11-24 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Vertical-type biomass-burning steam boiler
CN103486564A (en) * 2013-08-12 2014-01-01 广西天虹锅炉有限公司 Energy-efficient steam boiler
CN111486592A (en) * 2020-05-04 2020-08-04 东莞市智配机电科技有限公司 Biomass heat supply boiler complete equipment capable of uniformly heating

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101893227A (en) * 2010-07-27 2010-11-24 广州迪森热能技术股份有限公司 Vertical-type biomass-burning steam boiler
CN103486564A (en) * 2013-08-12 2014-01-01 广西天虹锅炉有限公司 Energy-efficient steam boiler
CN111486592A (en) * 2020-05-04 2020-08-04 东莞市智配机电科技有限公司 Biomass heat supply boiler complete equipment capable of uniformly heating

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN201885203U (en) Horizontal type internal combustion three-return shell boiler capable of burning biomass, fuel oil or gas
CN203190418U (en) Novel garbage pyrolysis incineration equipment
CN201212729Y (en) Biomass granular fuel boiler
CN203382777U (en) Hot-blast furnace
CN201433198Y (en) Coal-fired coal gasification boiler
CN2624057Y (en) Small-sized inverse combustion coal gasification boiler
CN205191550U (en) High -efficient environmental protection and energy saving coal fired boiler
CN204693800U (en) A kind of high-effect heat absorption boiler
CN204187606U (en) Change type fire coal and gasification of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection boiler
CN204534544U (en) Biomass boiler denitration burner and double burner biomass boiler
CN201180981Y (en) Bidirectional combustion environment friendly energy-saving horizontal steam/water boiler
CN201513880U (en) Integral gasifying combination burning boiler
CN202618250U (en) Double-pressure air inducing heating device
CN202392992U (en) Full-automatic horizontal-type hot air and hot water multipurpose boiler
CN205137544U (en) Cooking heating stove with water pipe heat exchanger
CN202012948U (en) Three-return counter heating type biomass super-thermal-conductive semi-gasification furnace
CN203980252U (en) Smokeless energy-saving boiler
CN204880674U (en) Living beings whirlwind gasification boiler
CN201748477U (en) Downwardly-arranged type transverse combustion biomass gasifying boiler
CN201637092U (en) Biomass bath-heating smoke-eliminating dust-removing normal-pressure boiler
CN201212735Y (en) Energy saving high efficient smokeless environment protecting boiler
CN2926824Y (en) Environmental-protective economical hot blast furnace of smokeless secondary combustion
CN200940928Y (en) Forward/reverse purifying burning boiler having coal gasifying 3 chambers
CN202040971U (en) Coal-fired boiler with reverse uniform air supplying device
CN205579541U (en) High -efficient low nitrogen gas burner of living beings

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090325

Termination date: 20100602

C17 Cessation of patent right