CN204907212U - Still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane - Google Patents

Still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204907212U
CN204907212U CN201520728412.7U CN201520728412U CN204907212U CN 204907212 U CN204907212 U CN 204907212U CN 201520728412 U CN201520728412 U CN 201520728412U CN 204907212 U CN204907212 U CN 204907212U
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China
Prior art keywords
chain
cane
frame
mulch film
workover rig
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CN201520728412.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈学庚
温浩军
缑海啸
颜利民
王士国
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane, including pulling or mounted frame (1), frame and drive mechanism (2), be equipped with in proper order backward in the past in the frame that cane rubbing crusher constructs, the plastic film plays limit mechanism (8) and transversely hugs membrane mechanism (6), cane rubbing crusher construct with guide tin (4), the membrane mechanism (6) of transversely hugging contain a set of sprocket, the chain takes turns to and is equipped with chain A (64), chain A (64) are equipped with relative chain A (64) horizontal bacillary tine frame (61), be equipped with two piece at least the ratch that ties for (60) on tine frame (61) and form the harrow body of arranging the form, tine frame (61) connect on chain A (64) through hinge pin A (63) and can hinge pin A for the axle swing. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses not only can play the limit and hold together the collection the plastic film, it be effectual to hold together the collection, can smash still field with the crop cane again simultaneously, and the operating efficiency is high in addition.

Description

Cane chopping and returning mulch film reclaims workover rig
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of agricultural machinery device, and a kind of cane chopping and returning mulch film reclaims workover rig specifically.
Background technology
The application of mulching film planting technology is very general, but mulch film is remaining in soil also becomes a serious problem.
The recovery one of current residual film adopts manual recovery, and mainly pick up more large stretch of residual film with floating on surface, soil, efficiency is low, and labour intensity is large; Two is that machinery reclaims, but current main employing of recovery machinery hooks rake or screen type.Hook rake and pick up weak effect, be particularly difficult to work to tiny residual film fragment.It is better that screen type collects effect, but efficiency is very low, is difficult to large-area applications.
At present, the application of mulching film planting technology in agricultural production is very general, brings enormous benefits, but also bring larger pollution and harm to soil and environment simultaneously to agricultural, soil makes plant growth be hindered because of white pollution, serious loses support capacity.Therefore, in current production, people have given one's full attention to the mulch film recovery operation after to use, and carry out centralized recovery by various machinery, and most residual film in production is reclaimed, and massive pollution phenomenon is inhibited.But due to use year after year, in removal process, always have partly film fragment remain in and to be difficult in soil reclaim, and it is very poor that this part of residual film uses current mulching specially used recovery machinery to carry out operation recovering effect, as clearing and retrieving not in time, then to form collection tired, and work the mischief to the various operations in plantation.
The recovery machinery of current residual film mainly contains following a few class.
Directly play membrane type: 98212885.1 disclose skinning wheel, film feeding impeller and the volume film roller of a kind of volume type remnant film recoverer by sequentially installing after going to, skinning wheel there are the skinning gear teeth, film feeding impeller has adhesive tape blade, in the back lower place of skinning wheel, skinning guide rail is installed, be applicable to the mulch film before ploughing reclaim, then helpless for the residual film fragment remained in soil.
Rake formula: Chinese patent CN200420069544.5, CN200620158834.6, CN200720147138.X, disclosed farmland incomplete film-recovering machine just belong to this class machinery.
Rake formula is applicable to the large operation first of mulch film amount, and operation resistance is comparatively large, and is that residual film is hugged into stack with plant stem etc., and the broken small leftover for soil deep layer is difficult to reclaim.
Screening type: as the machine for recovering broken film disclosed in Chinese patent CN200720156741.4, CN200820103700.3, CN200520105700.3, CN201410464258.7.Operation is general, and also for special workover rig, be separated with earth by residual film mainly through screen cloth one class separating mechanism, operating efficiency is lower, is difficult to the needs adapting to produce.
Roll rake: the plastic film residue collect mechanism disclosed in Chinese patent CN99213281.9, CN200820103942.2, CN200920164612.9, CN200520002575.3.Roll rake plastic film residue collect mechanism mainly to be rolled in soil by the collecting reel being covered with thorn-like spike-tooth, the residual film in soil is provoked by thorn-like spike-tooth, and Shua Mo mechanism that collecting reel is provided with rotary broom one class will reclaim under the residual film brush on thorn-like spike-tooth.The structural rate of this class mechanism is simple, can carry out combination and carry out integration of operation, be particularly suitable for the less important work in various farming with various Work machine.But the pick-up unit in this current class used plastic collection machinery exist one significantly not enough: in operation process, always have residual film and plant stem is difficult to constantly be wrapped on the thorn-like spike-tooth of cylinder under Shua Mo mechanism brush in time, on this thorn-like spike-tooth being wrapped in cylinder, accumulation needs continuous aborting job to carry out the normal operation of cleaning ability.
Above-mentioned machine for recycling mulch film tool is all carry out under being based upon the prerequisite that to mix with crop stalk and reclaim or do not consider crop stalk.
Along with the renewal of agricultural planting idea, while implementation mulching film planting, also advocate and the straw of crop are carried out chopping and returning, to make the raising of accumulation organic in soil, this recovery with regard to mulch film has put forward higher requirement: not only mulch film effectively will be reclaimed, and also requires crop straw to carry out also field further.
Therefore, namely one can reclaim by film over the ground, and the cane powder that simultaneously crop stalk can be given again chopping and returning also field film collection bar reclaims one workover rig and just arises at the historic moment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one and namely can reclaims by film over the ground, crop stalk can be given again the cane powder also field film collection bar recovery one workover rig of chopping and returning simultaneously.
The purpose of this utility model is realized by following structure: comprise traction or hanger bracket 1, frame and transmission mechanism 2, its improvements are:
Frame is provided with from front to back successively cane disintegrating mechanism, mulch film Qi Bian mechanism 8 and horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6,
Cane disintegrating mechanism comprises pulverizing chamber, pulverizing chamber is the cylindrical body of a transverse direction, be provided with rotating knife 3 in pulverizing chamber, this rotating knife 3 is arranged on a barrel, and the barrel of pulverizing chamber cylindrical body is provided with two openings, an opening is positioned at the front lower place of cylindrical body, for cane import, another opening is positioned at the back upper place of cylindrical body, and the opening being positioned at back upper place is connected with guiding tube 4, the discharging opening of this guiding tube 4 is positioned at the rear portion of horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6
One or both the combination that described mulch film Qi Bian mechanism 8 is plough or cuts in native disk.
Described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6 comprises one group of sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel is provided with chain A64, chain A64 is provided with the shaft-like frame 61 that tines of opposing chain A64 transverse direction, the frame 61 that tines is provided with the rake body that at least two ratch 60 arranged side by side form row's shape, and the described frame 61 that tines to be connected to chain A64 on by hinge pin A63 and can hinge pin A to be axle swing.
Further, the above-mentioned frame 61 that tines is provided with pitch bar 62, and this pitch bar 62 forms a T-shaped frame with the frame 61 that tines, and described pitch bar 62 is connected on hinge pin A63.
Further again, above-mentioned chain A64 is preferably provided with arranged side by side two, and two chain A64 arranged side by side are provided with link 65, and described hinge pin A63 is arranged on link 65.
As the technical scheme improved, be preferably provided with film cutting machine structure 5 before above-mentioned horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6, this film cutting machine structure 5 comprises one group of sprocket wheel, and sprocket wheel is provided with chain B51, and chain B51 is provided with cutting membrane knife 50.
Described cutting membrane knife 50 is preferably disc cutter, and described disc cutter is arranged on a fork 54 preferably by disk cutter shaft 52, and this fork 54 is connected with chain B51 by bearing pin B53.
Further again, the end of above-mentioned guiding tube (4) is sagging soft cylindrical body 7, its material with canvas, woven cloth or non-woven fabrics one class soft material formed as well.
Compared with prior art, the utility model can not only carry out limit to mulch film and hold together collection, holds together to collect effective, crop stalk can be given chopping and returning again, and operating efficiency is high simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that Fig. 1 overlooks.
Fig. 3 is the stereogram of the horizontal Lou Mo mechanism of the utility model embodiment 1 and film cutting machine structure.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2 film cutting machine structure.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6) of the utility model embodiment 3.
Shown in figure: 1 is hanger bracket, 2 is transmission mechanism, and 3 is rotating knife, 4 is guiding tube, and 50 is cutting membrane knife, and 51 is chain B, 52 is disk cutter shaft, and 53 is bearing pin B, and 54 is fork, 6 is horizontal Lou Mo mechanism, and 60 is ratch, and 61 is the frame that tines, 62 is pitch bar, and 63 is hinge pin A, and 64 is chain A, 65 is link, and 7 is soft cylindrical body, and 8 is mulch film Qi Bian mechanism.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to accompanying drawing 1-3, for the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1, comprise traction or hanger bracket 1, frame and transmission mechanism 2, frame is provided with cane disintegrating mechanism from front to back successively, mulch film Qi Bian mechanism 8 and horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6, cane disintegrating mechanism comprises pulverizing chamber, pulverizing chamber is the cylindrical body of a transverse direction, rotating knife 3 is provided with in pulverizing chamber, this rotating knife 3 is arranged on a barrel, the barrel of pulverizing chamber cylindrical body is provided with two openings, an opening is positioned at the front lower place of cylindrical body, for cane import, another opening is positioned at the back upper place of cylindrical body, and the opening being positioned at back upper place is connected with guiding tube 4, the discharging opening of this guiding tube 4 is positioned at the rear portion of horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6, one or both the combination that described mulch film Qi Bian mechanism 8 is plough or cuts in native disk.
Described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6 comprises one group of sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel is provided with two chain A64 arranged side by side, chain A64 is provided with the shaft-like frame 61 that tines of opposing chain A64 transverse direction, the frame 61 that tines is provided with the rake body that at least two ratch 60 arranged side by side form row's shape, it can hinge pin A be also that axle swings that the described frame 61 that tines is connected on chain A64 by hinge pin A63, the described frame 61 that tines is provided with pitch bar 62, this pitch bar 62 forms a T-shaped frame with the frame 61 that tines, and described pitch bar 62 is connected on hinge pin A63.
Be provided with link 65 between above-mentioned two chain A64 side by side, described hinge pin A63 is arranged on link 65.
Film cutting machine structure 5 is provided with before described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6, this film cutting machine structure 5 comprises one group of sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel is provided with chain B51, chain B51 is provided with cutting membrane knife 50, described cutting membrane knife 50 is disc cutter, this disc cutter is arranged on a fork 54 by disk cutter shaft 52, and this fork 54 is connected with chain B51 by bearing pin B53.
The end of described guiding tube 4 is sagging soft cylindrical body 7, its material with canvas, woven cloth or non-woven fabrics one class soft material formed.
In detailed process, first crop stalk carried out pulverizing and collect in transfer passage, namely remove the crop stalk at mulch film position by grinding mode and pulverize, do not gone back field immediately, but immediately the mulch film removing crop stalk position is handled as follows: after using mulch film Qi Bian mechanism that two of mulch film edges are opened pine, collection is held together with the mulch film of horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6 couples of Qi Bianhou, the mulch film of Qi Bianhou is held together integrated narrower ground film strips, make to vacate wider vacant lot between ground film strips, the first step to be pulverized and the crop stalk collected in transfer passage is discharged on the vacant lot of mulch film interband.
Next step re-uses winder workover rig and is reclaimed further by the mulch film holding together to be polymerized to bar or band shape.
Embodiment 2: with reference to Fig. 4, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2, compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: described cutting membrane knife 50 is a rectangular patch cutter, in longitudinal perpendicular in chain B51.
Embodiment 3: with reference to Fig. 5, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3, compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: the sprocket wheel of described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism 6 is provided with a chain A64.
Below be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as restriction of the present utility model, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, not departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model, some improvements and modifications can also be made and also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a cane chopping and returning mulch film reclaims workover rig, comprise traction or hanger bracket (1), frame and transmission mechanism (2), it is characterized in that: frame is provided with cane disintegrating mechanism from front to back successively, mulch film Qi Bian mechanism (8) and horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6), cane disintegrating mechanism comprises pulverizing chamber, pulverizing chamber is the cylindrical body of a transverse direction, rotating knife (3) is provided with in pulverizing chamber, this rotating knife (3) is arranged on a barrel, the barrel of pulverizing chamber cylindrical body is provided with two openings, an opening is positioned at the front lower place of cylindrical body, for cane import, another opening is positioned at the back upper place of cylindrical body, and the opening being positioned at back upper place is connected with guiding tube (4), the discharging opening of this guiding tube (4) is positioned at the rear portion of horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6), described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6) comprises one group of sprocket wheel, sprocket wheel is provided with chain A (64), chain A (64) is provided with the horizontal shaft-like frame that tines (61) of opposing chain A (64), the frame (61) that tines is provided with the rake body that at least two ratch (60) arranged side by side form row's shape, it can hinge pin A be also that axle swings that the described frame that tines (61) is connected to chain A (64) upper by hinge pin A (63).
2. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 1 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the described frame that tines (61) is provided with pitch bar (62), this pitch bar (62) forms a T-shaped frame with the frame (61) that tines, and described pitch bar (62) is connected on hinge pin A (63).
3. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described chain A (64) is provided with arranged side by side two, two chain A (64) arranged side by side are provided with link (65), and described hinge pin A (63) is arranged on link (65).
4. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: before described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6), be provided with film cutting machine structure (5), this film cutting machine structure (5) one groups of sprocket wheels, sprocket wheel is provided with chain B (51), and chain B (51) is provided with cutting membrane knife (50).
5. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 4 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described cutting membrane knife (50) is disc cutter, described disc cutter is arranged on a fork (54) by disk cutter shaft (52), and this fork (54) is connected with chain B (51) by bearing pin B (53).
6. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 3 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: before described horizontal Lou Mo mechanism (6), be provided with film cutting machine structure (5), this film cutting machine structure (5) one groups of sprocket wheels, sprocket wheel is provided with chain B (51), and chain B (51) is provided with cutting membrane knife (50).
7. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 6 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described cutting membrane knife (50) is disc cutter, described disc cutter is arranged on a fork (54) by disk cutter shaft (52), and this fork (54) is connected with chain B (51) by bearing pin B (53).
8. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the end of described guiding tube (4) is sagging soft cylindrical body (7).
9. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 3 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the end of described guiding tube (4) is sagging soft cylindrical body (7).
10. cane chopping and returning mulch film according to claim 7 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the end of described guiding tube (4) is sagging soft cylindrical body (7).
CN201520728412.7U 2015-09-20 2015-09-20 Still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane Active CN204907212U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520728412.7U CN204907212U (en) 2015-09-20 2015-09-20 Still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520728412.7U CN204907212U (en) 2015-09-20 2015-09-20 Still field membrane recovery work machine is smashed to cane

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052407A (en) * 2015-09-20 2015-11-18 新疆农垦科学院 Stem pulverization and mulching film recovery operation machine
CN108377721A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-10 山东省农作物种质资源中心 One kind vine crop that crawls cradles to snap up and hugs careless device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105052407A (en) * 2015-09-20 2015-11-18 新疆农垦科学院 Stem pulverization and mulching film recovery operation machine
CN108377721A (en) * 2018-04-28 2018-08-10 山东省农作物种质资源中心 One kind vine crop that crawls cradles to snap up and hugs careless device

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