CN205196247U - It smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw - Google Patents

It smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205196247U
CN205196247U CN201521100944.2U CN201521100944U CN205196247U CN 205196247 U CN205196247 U CN 205196247U CN 201521100944 U CN201521100944 U CN 201521100944U CN 205196247 U CN205196247 U CN 205196247U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
demoulding
plate
straw
negative pressure
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201521100944.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周敦兴
陈学庚
赵岩
牛琦
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Priority to CN201521100944.2U priority Critical patent/CN205196247U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205196247U publication Critical patent/CN205196247U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an it smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw, hanging mechanism (1), main frame (4), drive mechanism (2), straw rubbing crusher and constructing (3) and incomplete membrane collecting box (6) including pulling, straw rubbing crusher structure (3) later is equipped with straw collection conveying mechanism (9), plastic film pickup mechanism (7) in proper order, and the top of deciduate mechanism (8) and plastic film pickup mechanism (7) is equipped with negative pressure collection membrane conveying mechanism (5). Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses a workover rig is mainly retrieved to the plastic film after the autumn crops results, is mingled with the crop straw in the plastic film in can effectively reducing mechanical recovery process, carries on the degree of difficulty of handling the process after effectively reducing incomplete membrane and retrieving to the cost that the recovery that has reduced incomplete membrane was recycled.

Description

Elastic claw type crushed stalk hugs film combine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of mulch film and reclaims workover rig, and a kind of elastic claw type crushed stalk hugs film combine specifically.
Background technology
At present, the application of mulching film planting technology is very general, enormous benefits is brought to agricultural, but residual film remaining caused white pollution in soil also becomes a serious problem, larger pollution and harm are also brought to soil and environment, soil makes plant growth be hindered because of white pollution, serious loses support capacity.
Therefore, in current production, people have given one's full attention to the mulch film recovery operation after to use, and carry out centralized recovery by various machinery, and most residual film in production is reclaimed, and massive pollution phenomenon is inhibited.
Machine for recovering broken film disclosed in Chinese patent CN200720156741.4, CN200820103700.3, CN200520105700.3, CN201410464258.7, is separated residual film with earth mainly through screen cloth one class separating mechanism.
Plastic film residue collect mechanism disclosed in Chinese patent CN99213281.9, CN200820103942.2, CN200920164612.9, CN200520002575.3, CN200620114191.5, CN201220117766.4, CN95203438.7, CN201020604657.6, CN201010542303.8, CN201010284986.1, collecting reel mainly by being covered with thorn-like spike-tooth rolls in soil, residual film in soil is provoked by thorn-like spike-tooth, and Shua Mo mechanism that collecting reel is provided with rotary broom one class will reclaim under the residual film brush on thorn-like spike-tooth.
Above-mentioned recovery machinery carries out recovery for mulch film remaining over the years certain effect, but due in mulching film planting, the mulch film of each harvest season reclaims becomes crucial, if can not effectively reclaim at the end of a planting season, carries out clearing up again often getting half the result with twice the effort after imbedding soil.
Used plastic collection is based on used plastic collection in autumn, autumn, the integrality of residual film was relatively better, and do not affect crops straw to pulverize, winder combine once can complete straw chopping and returning and used plastic collection twice flow chart, be conducive to reducing operating cost, reduce operations number, for peasant household generally accepts.
Farmland incomplete film-recovering machine tool disclosed in Chinese patent CN200420069544.5, CN200620158834.6, CN200720147138.X, CN201115333Y, CN200962716Y, CN2719003Y, CN204377359U, rake is carried out mainly through elastic claw, this type of mechanism structure is simple, operating speed is fast, and reclaim for the mulch film after crop harvesting, but owing to crops straw and mulch film being mixed when it reclaims, substantially increase the workload of operation.
For the problems referred to above, a kind ofly to reclaim for the mulch film at the end of crop harvesting season, and effectively can reduce the crushed stalk mulch film being mingled with crops straw in mechanical removal process and reclaim combined machine and just arise at the historic moment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Work machine carrying out reclaiming mainly for the mulch film after autumn crops results, particularly effectively can reduce the elastic claw type crushed stalk being mingled with crops straw in mechanical removal process in a large number and hug film combine.
The purpose of this utility model is realized by following structure: comprise traction hitch (1), mainframe (4), transmission mechanism (2), crushed stalk mechanism (3) and residual film collecting box (6), it is characterized in that:
Straw collecting conveying mechanism (9), mulch film picking up machine structure (7) is provided with successively after crushed stalk mechanism (3),
Described straw collecting conveying mechanism (9) comprises the U-shaped delivery chute (93) of a transverse direction, delivery chute (93) top is open collection mouth, be provided with in delivery chute (93) and be configured with conveying auger by screw-conveyer-shaft (92) and auger lappet (91)
What described mulch film picking up machine structure (7) comprised pectination hugs film tooth (71), hug the cambered surface of film tooth (71) in indent above and be installed in rotating shaft (72), rotating shaft (72) is provided with pendulum handle (73) and pendulum handle driving mechanism (74), described pendulum handle driving mechanism (74) is driven by pendulum handle (73) and hugs film tooth (71) with rotating shaft (72) for axle swings
Demoulding mechanism (8) is provided with at the described cambered surface place of hugging film tooth (71) anterior indent, this demoulding mechanism (8), comprise demoulding plate (81), this demoulding plate (81) is made up of side by side the plate body of polylith arc, be provided with gap (84) between adjacent plate body and form grid-like body, the inner side of demoulding plate (81) is provided with cylinder (82), the axle center of the cambered surface of the relative demoulding plate (81) of this cylinder (82) is eccentric, namely cylinder (82) and the cambered surface of demoulding plate (81) be not on same axle center, corresponding to the gap (84) between the plate body that demoulding plate (81) is adjacent, cylinder (82) is provided with demoulding brush (83), described demoulding brush (83) is preferably the elasticity body of rod of finger-like or the brush of pencil,
The top of demoulding mechanism (8) and mulch film picking up machine structure (7) is provided with negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism (5), this negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism (5) comprises negative pressure transportation pipe (51), the discharging opening of negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is communicated with residual film collecting box (6), and the suction inlet of negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is the corresponding strip mouth of width of one and demoulding mechanism (8).
Further, U-shaped delivery chute (93) the side discharging opening of above-mentioned straw collecting conveying mechanism (9) is opening completely, and described screw-conveyer-shaft (92) reaches outside frame.
Further again, the suction inlet place of above-mentioned negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is preferably provided with rotary broom (52), more effectively to be collected in negative pressure transportation pipe (51) by the mulch film that demoulding mechanism (8) and mulch film picking up machine structure (7) spue.
Further again, above-mentioned residual film collecting box (6) is articulated with on mainframe (4), and residual film collecting box (6) bottom is provided with switching mechanism, can overturn to be unloaded by mulch film after filling in residual film collecting box (6).
Compared with prior art, workover rig of the present utility model reclaims mainly for the mulch film after autumn crops results, effectively can reduce in mechanical removal process the crops straw be entrained in mulch film, the difficulty of the subsequent processes operation after effective reduction used plastic collection, thus reduce the cost of the recycling of residual film.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main structural representation looked of the utility model embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the utility model embodiment 1 is overlooked.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1 demoulding mechanism.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2 demoulding mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation that the utility model embodiment 3 demoulding mechanism overlooks.
Shown in figure: 1 is traction hitch, and 2 is transmission mechanism, and 3 is crushed stalk mechanism, 4 is mainframe, and 5 is negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism, and 51 is negative pressure transportation pipe, 52 is rotary broom, and 53 are, 6 is residual film collecting box, 7 is mulch film picking up machine structure, 71 for hugging film tooth, and 72 is rotating shaft, and 73 is pendulum handle, 74 is pendulum handle driving mechanism, 8 is demoulding mechanism, and 81 is demoulding plate, and 82 is cylinder, 83 is demoulding brush, 84 is gap, and 9 is straw collecting conveying mechanism, and 91 is auger lappet, 92 is screw-conveyer-shaft, and 93 is delivery chute.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to accompanying drawing 1-Fig. 3, for the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1, comprise traction hitch 1, mainframe 4, transmission mechanism 2, crushed stalk mechanism 3 and residual film collecting box 6, after crushed stalk mechanism 3, be provided with straw collecting conveying mechanism 9 and mulch film picking up machine structure 7 successively
Described straw collecting conveying mechanism 9 comprises the U-shaped delivery chute 93 of a transverse direction, delivery chute 93 top is open collection mouth, be provided with in delivery chute 93 and be configured with conveying auger by screw-conveyer-shaft 92 and auger lappet 91, U-shaped delivery chute 93 side discharging opening is opening completely, and described screw-conveyer-shaft 92 reaches outside frame.
What mulch film picking up machine structure 7 comprised pectination hugs film tooth 71, hug the cambered surface that film tooth 71 is indent above, rearward end is coiled into annular and is installed in rotating shaft 72, rotating shaft 72 is provided with pendulum handle 73 and pendulum handle driving mechanism 74, described pendulum handle driving mechanism 74 is hydraulic jack, and this pendulum handle 73 is formed with the cross bar being connected rear end extension by hugging film tooth 71 rear end extension.
Demoulding mechanism 8 is provided with at the described cambered surface place of hugging the anterior indent of film tooth 71, this demoulding mechanism 8, comprise demoulding plate 81, this demoulding plate 81 is made up of side by side the plate body of polylith arc, it is the circle shape of annular in the present embodiment, be provided with gap 84 between adjacent plate body and form grid-like body, the inner side of demoulding plate 81 is provided with cylinder 82, cylinder 82 is eccentric relative to the axle center of the cambered surface of demoulding plate 81, namely cylinder 82 and the cambered surface of demoulding plate 81 be not on same axle center, corresponding to the gap 84 between the plate body that demoulding plate 81 is adjacent, cylinder 82 is provided with demoulding brush 83, the demoulding brush 83 of the present embodiment is the elasticity body of rod of finger-like, the elasticity body of rod is skewedly be installed on cylinder 82, namely elasticity body of rod cylinder 82 there is an angle with the radial line of cylinder 82, to can break into less block under the mulch film brush hugged on film tooth 71 in actual use.The present embodiment Elastic body of rod is tilt clockwise at cylinder 82, can certainly tilt counterclockwise.
The top of demoulding mechanism 8 and mulch film picking up machine structure 7 is provided with negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism 5, this negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism 5 comprises negative pressure transportation pipe 51, the discharging opening of negative pressure transportation pipe 51 is communicated with residual film collecting box 6, the suction inlet of negative pressure transportation pipe 51 is a strip mouth corresponding to the width of demoulding mechanism 8, the suction inlet place of negative pressure transportation pipe 51 is provided with rotary broom 52, more effectively to be collected in negative pressure transportation pipe 51 by the mulch film that demoulding mechanism 8 and mulch film picking up machine structure 7 spue.
Residual film collecting box 6 is articulated with on mainframe 4, and residual film collecting box 6 bottom is provided with switching mechanism, and switching mechanism is hydraulic jack, can overturn to be unloaded by mulch film after filling in residual film collecting box 6.
Embodiment 2: with reference to Fig. 4, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 2, compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: described demoulding plate 81 forms semicircular arc side by side by the plate body of polylith arc, and demoulding brush 83 is the brush of pencil.
Embodiment 3: with reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, be the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 3, compared with embodiment before, the difference of the present embodiment is: demoulding plate 81 is the circle shape of annular, and demoulding brush 83 is the brush of pencil.
Below be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, it should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as restriction of the present utility model, protection domain of the present utility model should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, not departing from spirit and scope of the present utility model, some improvements and modifications can also be made and also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (5)

1. an elastic claw type crushed stalk hugs film combine, comprise traction hitch (1), mainframe (4), transmission mechanism (2), crushed stalk mechanism (3) and residual film collecting box (6), it is characterized in that: after crushed stalk mechanism (3), be provided with straw collecting conveying mechanism (9), mulch film picking up machine structure (7) successively;
Described straw collecting conveying mechanism (9) comprises the U-shaped delivery chute (93) of a transverse direction, delivery chute (93) top is open collection mouth, is provided with and is configured with conveying auger by screw-conveyer-shaft (92) and auger lappet (91) in delivery chute (93);
What described mulch film picking up machine structure (7) comprised pectination hugs film tooth (71), hug the cambered surface of film tooth (71) in indent above and be installed in rotating shaft (72), rotating shaft (72) is provided with pendulum handle (73) and pendulum handle driving mechanism (74), and described pendulum handle driving mechanism (74) is driven by pendulum handle (73) and hugs film tooth (71) with rotating shaft (72) for axle swings;
Demoulding mechanism (8) is provided with at the described cambered surface place of hugging film tooth (71) anterior indent, this demoulding mechanism (8), comprise demoulding plate (81), this demoulding plate (81) is made up of side by side the plate body of polylith arc, be provided with gap (84) between adjacent plate body and form grid-like body, the inner side of demoulding plate (81) is provided with cylinder (82), the axle center of the cambered surface of the relative demoulding plate (81) of this cylinder (82) is eccentric, namely cylinder (82) and the cambered surface of demoulding plate (81) be not on same axle center, corresponding to the gap (84) between the plate body that demoulding plate (81) is adjacent, cylinder (82) is provided with demoulding brush (83), described demoulding brush (83) is preferably the elasticity body of rod of finger-like or the brush of pencil,
The top of demoulding mechanism (8) and mulch film picking up machine structure (7) is provided with negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism (5), this negative pressure collection film conveying mechanism (5) comprises negative pressure transportation pipe (51), the discharging opening of negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is communicated with residual film collecting box (6), and the suction inlet of negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is the corresponding strip mouth of width of one and demoulding mechanism (8).
2. elastic claw type crushed stalk according to claim 1 hugs film combine, it is characterized in that: U-shaped delivery chute (93) the side discharging opening of described straw collecting conveying mechanism (9) is opening completely, and described screw-conveyer-shaft (92) reaches outside frame.
3. elastic claw type crushed stalk according to claim 1 and 2 hugs film combine, it is characterized in that: the suction inlet place of described negative pressure transportation pipe (51) is provided with rotary broom (52).
4. elastic claw type crushed stalk according to claim 1 and 2 hugs film combine, it is characterized in that: described residual film collecting box (6) is articulated with on mainframe (4), residual film collecting box (6) bottom is provided with switching mechanism.
5. elastic claw type crushed stalk according to claim 3 hugs film combine, it is characterized in that: described residual film collecting box (6) is articulated with on mainframe (4), and residual film collecting box (6) bottom is provided with switching mechanism.
CN201521100944.2U 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 It smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw Expired - Fee Related CN205196247U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521100944.2U CN205196247U (en) 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 It smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521100944.2U CN205196247U (en) 2015-12-25 2015-12-25 It smashes membrane combined operation machine of hugging to play tooth -like straw

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409365A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 新疆农垦科学院 Spring tooth type straw smashing and film collection combined machine
CN105874936A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 民勤县北海兴鑫机械有限公司 Connecting rod and rake teeth combined type waste film pickup machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105409365A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-03-23 新疆农垦科学院 Spring tooth type straw smashing and film collection combined machine
CN105874936A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 民勤县北海兴鑫机械有限公司 Connecting rod and rake teeth combined type waste film pickup machine

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160504

Termination date: 20161225

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee