CN105247990A - Throwing pneumatic mulching film recovery operation machine - Google Patents

Throwing pneumatic mulching film recovery operation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105247990A
CN105247990A CN201510768471.1A CN201510768471A CN105247990A CN 105247990 A CN105247990 A CN 105247990A CN 201510768471 A CN201510768471 A CN 201510768471A CN 105247990 A CN105247990 A CN 105247990A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drum shaft
plate
soil
throws
mulch film
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Pending
Application number
CN201510768471.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周敦兴
陈学庚
缑海啸
赵岩
张若雨
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
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Application filed by Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences filed Critical Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Sciences
Priority to CN201510768471.1A priority Critical patent/CN105247990A/en
Publication of CN105247990A publication Critical patent/CN105247990A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a throwing pneumatic mulching film recovery operation machine, which comprises a main rack, a collection box, a traction or suspension bracket and a drive mechanism and is characterized in that the main rack is provided with a soil lifting mechanism (9) and a throwing mechanism (8) in sequence from front to back, wherein the throwing mechanism comprises two or more than two throwing rollers side by side from front to back, and a negative pressure exhaust opening (7) is arranged on a cover body (6) above the throwing mechanism (8). Compared with the prior art, soil containing mulching film debris in soil layers is firstly thrown to the throwing mechanism via the soil lifting mechanism, the throwing mechanism further performs stirring dispersion on a mixture of the soil and the mulching film debris in a stirring mode, the lighter mulching film debris is separated and collected by the negative pressure exhaust opening, so as to realize the cleaning of residue mulching film in the land, and the workload of land treatment can be greatly reduced, and a mulching film recovery effect is improved.

Description

Throw pneumatic type mulch film and reclaim workover rig
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mulch film and reclaim workover rig, one throws pneumatic type mulch film and reclaims workover rig specifically.
Background technology
At present, the application of mulching film planting technology is very general, enormous benefits is brought to agricultural, but residual film is remaining in soil also becomes a serious problem, larger pollution and harm are also brought to soil and environment, soil makes plant growth be hindered because of white pollution, serious loses support capacity.
Therefore, in current production, people have given one's full attention to the mulch film recovery operation after to use, and carry out centralized recovery by various machinery, and most residual film in production is reclaimed, and massive pollution phenomenon is inhibited.But due to use year after year, in removal process, always have partly film fragment remain in and to be difficult in soil reclaim, and it is very poor that this part of residual film uses current mulching specially used recovery machinery to carry out operation recovering effect, as clearing and retrieving not in time, then to form collection tired, and work the mischief to the various operations in plantation.
The recovery one of current residual film adopts manual recovery, and mainly pick up more large stretch of residual film with floating on surface, soil, efficiency is low, and labour intensity is large.Two is that machinery reclaims.
Current main employing of recovery machinery hooks rake or screen type.Hook rake and pick up weak effect, be particularly difficult to work to tiny residual film fragment.
It is better that screen type collects effect, but efficiency is very low, is difficult to large-area applications.
The recovery machinery of current residual film mainly contains following a few class.
Directly play membrane type: 98212885.1 disclose skinning wheel, film feeding impeller and the volume film roller of a kind of volume type remnant film recoverer by sequentially installing after going to, skinning wheel there are the skinning gear teeth, film feeding impeller has adhesive tape blade, in the back lower place of skinning wheel, skinning guide rail is installed, be applicable to the mulch film before ploughing reclaim, then helpless for the residual film fragment remained in soil.
Rake formula: Chinese patent CN200420069544.5, CN200620158834.6, CN200720147138.X, CN201115333Y, CN200962716Y, CN2719003Y, farmland incomplete film-recovering machine disclosed in CN204377359U just belongs to this class machinery, rake is carried out mainly through elastic claw, this type of mechanism structure is simple, operating speed is fast, mainly for the recovery of this season mulch film during autumn harvest or after autumn harvest, be suitable for carrying out recovery operation to large stretch of mulch film, but almost effect is not had for the tiny residual film fragment in soil, broken small leftover for soil deep layer is difficult to reclaim.
Screening type: as the machine for recovering broken film disclosed in Chinese patent CN200720156741.4, CN200820103700.3, CN200520105700.3, CN201410464258.7.Operation is general, and also for special workover rig, be separated with earth by residual film mainly through screen cloth one class separating mechanism, operating efficiency is lower, is difficult to the needs adapting to produce.
Roll rake: as the plastic film residue collect mechanism disclosed in Chinese patent CN99213281.9, CN200820103942.2, CN200920164612.9, CN200520002575.3, CN200620114191.5, CN201220117766.4, CN95203438.7, CN201020604657.6, CN201010542303.8, CN201010284986.1, collecting reel mainly by being covered with thorn-like spike-tooth rolls in soil, residual film in soil is provoked by thorn-like spike-tooth, and Shua Mo mechanism that collecting reel is provided with rotary broom one class will reclaim under the residual film brush on thorn-like spike-tooth.The structural rate of this class mechanism is simple, combination can be carried out with various Work machine and carry out integration of operation, be particularly suitable for the less important work in various farming, its shortcoming be to shallow-layer and comparatively loose soil effective, to deep layer soil and comparatively solid soil poor effect.
Above-mentioned plastic film residue collect mechanism has better recovering effect mainly for a large amount of or large stretch of mulch film, and fritter fragment remaining in soil does not then almost have effect, and these little mulch film fragments can form accumulation in soil.For many years, the accumulation of these residual broken mulch films is quite serious, makes have a strong impact on farming, particularly very serious on the seed seedling growth impact of this season: always to have Some seeds and just sow on mulch film relic, make seed be difficult to take root smoothly.
Due to the existence of residual broken mulch film in former years, when seed is sowed on residual film, germination can be caused to take root difficulty, affect crop emerges, thus cause the underproduction.Existingly broadcast front machine for recovering broken film, mainly based on rake formula and chain harrow machine for recovering broken film, rake formula machine for recovering broken film, as
Chinese patent CN201310712777.6, CN201220168697.X, CN201320361901.4, CN200820301759.3, CN200920164612.9, CN201020521779.9, CN201020567250.0 then disclose the equipment picking up or be separated residual broken mulch film from soil, but these equipment for are all whole large-area soils, namely process widely in large-area soil, due to the dispersiveness of residual broken mulch film, by mulch film defragmentation and sieve out not a duck soup from thicker or comparatively solid soil layer.
Therefore, being very difficult by cultivating that the residual broken mulch film remained in soil picks up or separate from soil for many years, having become a great problem in the plantation of current modern agriculture.
For the problems referred to above, a kind of for the residual broken mulch film in soil layer and by residual broken mulch film cleaning with separate, just arise at the historic moment with the Work machine carrying out reclaiming.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Work machine carrying out reclaiming mainly for the residual broken mulch film in soil layer.
The Work machine reclaimed residual broken mulch film of the present invention comprises mainframe, collecting box (4), traction or hanger bracket and transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that: mainframe be provided with from front to back successively soil body (9) and throw mechanism (8).
The described mechanism that throws comprises and throws roller side by side before and after two or more, throws roller and comprises roll body (82), roll body (82) is densely covered with horizontal throw plate (81).
Further, the above-mentioned plate (81) that throws can be formed for the elongated plates standing on the upper monoblock of roll body (82), and the plate be preferably by standing on the upper polylith of roll body (82) shorter is formed.The dispersion effect to earth can be improved, better the mulch film in earth and earth are separated and more easily taken away by air-flow.
Throw mechanism (8) top and be provided with cover body (6), cover body (6) and negative-pressure air-suction mouth (7), described cover body (6) at least covers and throws mechanism (8).
Described soil body (9) can be any one mechanism existing at present, be preferably following in one:
Rotary tilling-type: comprise drum shaft A (92), drum shaft A (92) surface is densely covered with upright group native tooth (91), the described front end of dialling native tooth (91) is preferably provided with bend, and the end of this bend is preferably in a flat palmate.
Elastic claw type: the digging elastic claw (93) comprising pectination, be provided with in digging elastic claw (93) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate B (95) of dialling of drum shaft B (94) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate B (95) to form for the elongated plates standing on the upper monoblock of drum shaft B (94), also can be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft B (94) shorter.
Shovel: the digging plate (96) comprising spade, be provided with in digging plate (96) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate C (98) of dialling of drum shaft C (97) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate C (98) to form for the elongated plates standing on the upper monoblock of drum shaft C (97), also can be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft C (97) shorter.
Described negative-pressure air-suction mouth (7) be arranged at throw mechanism (8) top cover body (6) on.
Further, described cover body (6) covers soil body (9) top simultaneously.
Further again, be preferably provided with land readjustment mechanism before described soil body (9), this land readjustment mechanism at least comprises hitch frame (1), land leveler (2) and elevating mechanism (3).
Compared with prior art, first soil is thrown mechanism through soil body by the mulch film fragment in soil layer by the present invention, throw mechanism to carry out stirring in stirring mode to soil and the mixture of mulch film further again and disperse, by negative-pressure air-suction mouth, lighter mulch film is carried out being separated and collecting again, realize the cleaning to broken mulch film residual in soil, significantly can reduce the workload to land treatment systems, improve mulch film recovering effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main structural representation looked of the embodiment of the present invention 1.
Fig. 2 is Figure 1A---the structural representation of A section.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 plan structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4.
Fig. 7 is Fig. 6 plan structure schematic diagram.
Shown in figure: 1 is hitch frame, 2 is land leveler, and 3 is elevating mechanism, and 4 is collecting box, 5 is blower fan, 6 is cover body, and 7 is negative-pressure air-suction mouth, 8 for throwing mechanism, and 81 for throwing plate, and 82 is roll body, 9 is soil body, and 91 for dialling native tooth, and 92 is drum shaft A, 93 is digging elastic claw, and 94 is drum shaft B, and 95 for dialling native plate B, 96 is digging plate, and 97 is drum shaft C, and 98 for dialling native plate C.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1: with reference to accompanying drawing 1-Fig. 2, be the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1, comprises mainframe, collecting box 4, traction or hanger bracket and transmission mechanism, mainframe is provided with from front to back successively soil body 9 and throws mechanism 8.
Described throw mechanism comprise 3 front and back by low be inclined upwardly arrangement throw roller, throw roller and comprise roll body 82, roll body 82 is densely covered with and horizontal throws plate 81, throw plate 81 for standing on the elongated plates of monoblock on roll body 82, throw above mechanism 8 and be provided with cover body 6, cover body 6 covers always throws mechanism 8 rear portion above soil body 9, and cover body 6 is provided with negative-pressure air-suction mouth 7, and negative-pressure air-suction mouth 7 connects collecting box 4 through the malleation carrier pipe of blower fan 5.
Described soil body 9 is rotary tilling-type: comprise drum shaft A92, and drum shaft A92 surface is densely covered with upright group native tooth 91, and the described front end of dialling native tooth 91 is provided with bend, and the end of this bend is a flat palmate.
Also be provided with land readjustment mechanism before described soil body 9 and form a combined machine, described land readjustment mechanism at least comprises hitch frame 1, land leveler 2 and elevating mechanism 3.
In work, mulch film in soil is connected soil and provokes and throw on roller 8 by the native tooth 91 of dialling on soil body drum shaft A92 surface, earth is broken up by the arranged side by side roller 8 that throws further, mulch film in earth and earth are separated by the air-flow that negative-pressure air-suction mouth 7 produces, namely mulch film is taken away by air-flow and is sent into collecting box through blower fan, earth then falls back ground, realizes the clearing and retrieving to residual broken mulch film residual in soil.
Embodiment 2: with reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2, compared with embodiment 1, the difference of the present embodiment is: described soil body 9 is elastic claw type: the digging elastic claw 93 comprising pectination, be provided with above digging elastic claw 93 and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate B95 that dials of drum shaft B94 and drum shaft surface transverse direction, and dialling native plate B95 is the elongated plates standing on monoblock on drum shaft B94.
Certainly dial native plate B95 also to form by standing on the plate that on drum shaft B94, polylith is shorter.
Embodiment 3: with reference to Fig. 5, be the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3, compare with embodiment 1 with 2, the difference of the present embodiment is: the described plate 81 that throws is formed by standing on the plate that on roll body 82, polylith is shorter.The dispersion effect to earth can be improved, better the mulch film in earth and earth are separated and more easily taken away by air-flow.
Embodiment 4: with reference to Fig. 6, Fig. 7, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4, compared with embodiment before, the difference of the present embodiment is: described soil body 9 is shovel: the digging plate 96 comprising spade, be provided with above digging plate 96 and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate C98 that dials of drum shaft C97 and drum shaft surface transverse direction, and dialling native plate C98 is the elongated plates standing on monoblock on drum shaft C97.
Certainly, dial native plate C98 also to form by standing on the plate that on drum shaft C97, polylith is shorter.
Below be only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that above-mentioned preferred embodiment should not be considered as limitation of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention should be as the criterion with claim limited range.For those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, some improvements and modifications can also be made and also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. throw pneumatic type mulch film and reclaim a workover rig, comprise mainframe, collecting box, traction or hanger bracket and transmission mechanism, it is characterized in that: mainframe be provided with from front to back successively soil body (9) and throw mechanism (8); The described mechanism that throws comprises and throws roller side by side before and after two or more, throw roller and comprise roll body (82), roll body (82) is densely covered with and horizontal throws plate (81), throw mechanism (8) top and be provided with cover body (6), cover body (6) and negative-pressure air-suction mouth (7), described cover body (6) at least covers and throws mechanism (8); Described negative-pressure air-suction mouth (7) be arranged at throw mechanism (8) top cover body (6) on.
2. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 1 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the described plate (81) that throws is made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of roll body (82) shorter.
3. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described cover body (6) covers soil body (9) top simultaneously.
4. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described soil body (9) is the one in following: the one namely in rotary tilling-type, elastic claw type or shovel,
Rotary tilling-type: comprise drum shaft A (92), drum shaft A (92) surface is densely covered with upright group native tooth (91);
Elastic claw type: the digging elastic claw (93) comprising pectination, be provided with in digging elastic claw (93) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate B (95) of dialling of drum shaft B (94) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate B (95) for standing on the elongated plates formation of the upper monoblock of drum shaft B (94), or be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft B (94) shorter;
Shovel: the digging plate (96) comprising spade, be provided with in digging plate (96) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate C (98) of dialling of drum shaft C (97) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate C (98) for standing on the elongated plates formation of the upper monoblock of drum shaft C (97), or be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft C (97) shorter.
5. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 3 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described soil body (9) is the one in following: the one namely in rotary tilling-type, elastic claw type or shovel,
Rotary tilling-type: comprise drum shaft A (92), drum shaft A (92) surface is densely covered with upright group native tooth (91);
Elastic claw type: the digging elastic claw (93) comprising pectination, be provided with in digging elastic claw (93) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate B (95) of dialling of drum shaft B (94) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate B (95) for standing on the elongated plates formation of the upper monoblock of drum shaft B (94), or be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft B (94) shorter;
Shovel: the digging plate (96) comprising spade, be provided with in digging plate (96) top and dial roller, this group of roller is made up of the native plate C (98) of dialling of drum shaft C (97) and drum shaft surface transverse direction, dial native plate C (98) for standing on the elongated plates formation of the upper monoblock of drum shaft C (97), or be made up of the plate standing on the upper polylith of drum shaft C (97) shorter.
6. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: described soil body (9) is rotary tilling-type: comprise drum shaft A (92), drum shaft A (92) surface is densely covered with upright group native tooth (91), and the described front end of dialling native tooth (91) is provided with bend.
7. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 6 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: the bend that described soil body (9) dials native tooth (91) front end is flat palmate.
8. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 1 and 2 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: be provided with land readjustment mechanism before described soil body (9), this land readjustment mechanism at least comprises hitch frame (1), land leveler (2) and elevating mechanism (3).
9. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 3 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: be provided with land readjustment mechanism before described soil body (9), this land readjustment mechanism at least comprises hitch frame (1), land leveler (2) and elevating mechanism (3).
10. the pneumatic type mulch film that throws according to claim 7 reclaims workover rig, it is characterized in that: be provided with land readjustment mechanism before described soil body (9), this land readjustment mechanism at least comprises hitch frame (1), land leveler (2) and elevating mechanism (3).
CN201510768471.1A 2015-11-11 2015-11-11 Throwing pneumatic mulching film recovery operation machine Pending CN105247990A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105874935A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-24 吉林省农业机械研究院 Big ridge and double line type farmland residual film recovery device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105874935A (en) * 2016-04-11 2016-08-24 吉林省农业机械研究院 Big ridge and double line type farmland residual film recovery device
CN105874935B (en) * 2016-04-11 2017-09-08 吉林省农业机械研究院 Large-ridge double-row farmland incomplete film retracting device

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Application publication date: 20160120