CN204810993U - District wheat breeding combine harvester - Google Patents

District wheat breeding combine harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204810993U
CN204810993U CN201520638787.4U CN201520638787U CN204810993U CN 204810993 U CN204810993 U CN 204810993U CN 201520638787 U CN201520638787 U CN 201520638787U CN 204810993 U CN204810993 U CN 204810993U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
threshing cylinder
wheel
feeding auger
community
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520638787.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李兴凯
韩正晟
戴飞
魏丽娟
高爱民
魏万成
张仕林
许永福
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Gansu Agricultural University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201520638787.4U priority Critical patent/CN204810993U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204810993U publication Critical patent/CN204810993U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of wheat results equipment technique and specifically relates to a district wheat breeding combine harvester is related to. Its characteristics are including the frame, the frame on be provided with the header device of engine and double -deck cutting knife, the header device top of double -deck cutting knife is provided with the reel, the reel rear portion is provided with the feeding auger, feeding auger rear portion is provided with threshing cylinder, the port is connected with the gettering fan that sets up in the frame through the gettering pipeline in the whirlwind separation scourclean, the frame below being provided with the walking and taking turns and the leading wheel, the engine pass through power transmission drive threshing cylinder, feeding auger, reel and walking wheel, still correspond threshing cylinder in the frame and be provided with collecting hopper and ascension pipe. Its combined operation that can realize cutting, feeding, thresh, clean improves results efficiency, reduces intensity of labour, and little in operation in -process indirect loss, improves the experimental the reliability of the data of breeding, satisfies the requirement of the mechanized results of district breeding wheat.

Description

A kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to harvesting wheat equipment technical field, especially relates to a kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester.
Background technology
Breeding is the necessary means of mankind's Food Security, is extremely important to increasing income of crops.Field breeding is a huge agricultural system engineering, mainly comprise the processes such as field plot is sowed, community results, district seed are processed, the process of small plot experiment data, and the community of field breeding results are important steps that field selection experiment obtains correct result of the test.Realize field, community breeding harvesting wheat machineryization to improve breeding work efficiency greatly, reduce the labour intensity of breeding operation and liberation labour.
At present, the cell breeding harvesting wheat of China is still in the swath harvesting mode that hand harvest, common thresher threshing, separator are cleaned, and this work pattern is longer for harvest time, easily affects farming season adversely, and indirect loss is large, to such an extent as to the comparativity of test data is poor.Community of the prior art wheat breeding reaping machine adopts comb-out type header to hit wheatear head, do not cut off at fringe head and taken off by part grain comb, spatter loss is large, simultaneously, a large amount of crops straws is trapped in field, adds the labour intensity of follow-up farm work.The mode of swath harvesting needs harvesting, threshing, cleans the result that multiple working procedure could realize combined harvester one-stop operation, reduces the efficiency of crop of breeding wheat, and easily causes test data distortion.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is avoid the defect of prior art and provide a kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester, efficiently solves prior art Problems existing.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the utility model is taked is: described a kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester, be characterized in comprising frame, described frame is provided with the header device of engine and double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel is provided with above the header device of double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel both sides are provided with straw separating plate, the frame at straw shift wheel rear portion is provided with feeding auger, feeding auger rear portion is provided with threshing cylinder, on threshing cylinder, correspondence is provided with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean is arranged on frame rear portion and is connected with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean upper port is connected with the impurity adsorbing blower be arranged in frame by gettering pipeline, road wheel and directive wheel is provided with below frame, described engine drives threshing cylinder, feeding auger, straw shift wheel and road wheel by transmission of power, and in frame, also corresponding threshing cylinder is provided with aggregate bin and riser tubing.
Described frame is also provided with operation handrail, and described engine is bolted on the right side of frame, and the header device of described double-cutting knife is arranged on frame front end.
The header device of described double-cutting knife comprises upper header and lower cutting table, upper header and lower cutting table are all provided with dynamic cutter and determine cutter, upper header is connected with toggle with the dynamic cutter of lower cutting table, toggle is connected with engine, along with the motion of toggle 5, dynamic cutter is being determined cutter slideway does linear reciprocating motion, and upper and lower cutter moves simultaneously and to cut wheatear head and stalk.
The power take-off of described engine passes through the first V-type band by transmission of power to threshing cylinder, the sprocket wheel that threshing cylinder is coaxially arranged is connected by the sprocket wheel that the first chain and feeding auger are coaxially arranged and realizes driving, the belt wheel that feeding auger is coaxially arranged to be connected with the belt wheel that straw shift wheel is coaxially arranged by the second V-type band and to realize driving, the sprocket wheel that feeding auger is coaxially arranged to be connected with the sprocket wheel on transition axis by the second chain and to realize driving, and the sprocket wheel on transition axis to be connected with the sprocket wheel that road wheel is coaxially arranged by the 3rd chain and to realize driving.
Described threshing cylinder case includes upper encloser and lower encioser, and upper encloser is provided with straw outlet, is provided with grid-type concave in lower encioser, and lower encioser bottom is also provided with the little auger of unidirectional conveying, and threshing mixture is concentrated on case side.
Described threshing cylinder external body is provided with six groups of patterns under short plate teeth, and six groups of patterns under short plate teeth are impartial arranged distribution on roll circumference surface.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: described a kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester, its its by arranging transmission mechanism in frame, cutter sweep, feeding unit, sheller unit, separating cleaning device, when community wheat breeding reaping machine is in farm work, the power that engine provides drives cutter sweep through transmission mechanism, feeding unit, sheller unit, separating cleaning device moves simultaneously, disposablely complete harvesting, threshing, clean, the operation process such as straw-returning, drastically increase breeding harvesting wheat efficiency, reduce the labour intensity of breeding operation.In harvesting process, adopt the double-deck reciprocating ceding of Taiwan, the substep that can realize breeding wheatear head and stalk cuts, and upper header only has wheatear head feed sheller unit, improves the threshing efficiency of reaping machine, reduce and clean separation power, meanwhile, lower cutting table cuts off wheat stalk from bottom, is directly sprinkling upon field, reduce subsequent job process, reduce manual operation amount.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the utility model structure;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the utility model Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structure principle chart of the utility model structure threshing cylinder.
Shown in figure: 1. straw shift wheel; 2. the second V-type band; 3. straw separating plate; 4. upper header; 5. toggle; 6. the first chain; 7. lower cutting table; 8. road wheel; 9. the 3rd chain; 10. impurity adsorbing blower; 11. gettering pipelines; 12. directive wheels; 13. aggregate bins; 14. riser tubings; 15. cyclonic separation scourcleans; 16. operation handrails; 17. engines; 18. lower enciosers; 19. frames; 20. upper enclosers; 21. straw outlets; 22. first V-type bands; 23. second chains; 24. feeding augers; 25. threshing cylinders.
Embodiment
Be described principle of the present utility model and feature below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, example, only for explaining the utility model, is not intended to limit scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, described a kind of community wheat breeding combined harvester, be characterized in comprising frame 19, described frame 19 is provided with the header device of engine 17 and double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel 1 is provided with above the header device of double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel 1 both sides are provided with straw separating plate 3, the frame 19 at straw shift wheel 1 rear portion is provided with feeding auger 24, feeding auger 24 rear portion is provided with threshing cylinder 25, on threshing cylinder 25, correspondence is provided with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean 15 is arranged on frame 1 rear portion and is connected with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean 15 upper port is connected with the impurity adsorbing blower 10 be arranged in frame 19 by gettering pipeline 11, road wheel 8 and directive wheel 12 is provided with below frame 19, described engine 17 drives threshing cylinder 25, feeding auger 24, straw shift wheel 1 and road wheel 8 by transmission of power, and in frame 19, also corresponding threshing cylinder 25 is provided with aggregate bin 13 and riser tubing 14.
Further, described frame 19 is also provided with operation handrail 16, described engine 17 is bolted on the right side of frame 19, and the header device of described double-cutting knife is arranged on frame 19 front end.
Further, the header device of described double-cutting knife comprises upper header 4 and lower cutting table 7, upper header 4 and lower cutting table 7 are all provided with dynamic cutter and determine cutter, upper header 4 is connected with toggle 5 with the dynamic cutter of lower cutting table 7, toggle 5 is connected with engine 17, along with the motion of toggle 5, dynamic cutter is being determined cutter slideway does linear reciprocating motion, and upper and lower cutter moves simultaneously and to cut wheatear head and stalk.
Further, the power take-off of described engine 17 passes through the first V-type band 22 by transmission of power to threshing cylinder 25, the sprocket wheel that threshing cylinder 25 is coaxially arranged is connected with the coaxial sprocket wheel arranged of feeding auger 24 by the first chain 6 and is realized driving, the belt wheel that feeding auger 24 is coaxially arranged is connected with the coaxial belt wheel arranged of straw shift wheel 1 by the second V-type band 2 and is realized driving, the sprocket wheel that feeding auger 24 is coaxially arranged is connected with the sprocket wheel on transition axis by the second chain 23 and is realized driving, sprocket wheel on transition axis is connected with the coaxial sprocket wheel arranged of road wheel 8 by the 3rd chain 9 and is realized driving.
Further, described threshing cylinder case includes upper encloser 20 and lower encioser 18, and upper encloser 20 is provided with straw outlet 21, is provided with grid-type concave in lower encioser 18, and lower encioser 18 bottom is also provided with the little auger of unidirectional conveying, and threshing mixture is concentrated on case side.
Further, described threshing cylinder external body is provided with six groups of patterns under short plate teeth, and six groups of patterns under short plate teeth are impartial arranged distribution on roll circumference surface.
Described community wheat breeding combined harvester, when farm work, harvest operation control is carried out in the direction being changed directive wheel 12 by operation handrail 16, the power that engine 17 exports drives the rotation of threshing cylinder through the first V-type band 22 transmission, the rotation of threshing cylinder drives the motion of the first chain 6, the second V-type band 2 small pulley be meanwhile arranged on the-sprocket shaft also and then rotates, small pulley drives the rotation of the straw shift wheel 1 that large belt wheel is coaxial with the second V-type band 2, simultaneously, the dynamic cutter of upper header 4 and lower cutting table 7 is driven to do oscillating rectilinear motion in the slideway determining cutter by toggle 5, wheatear head is cut off, under the effect of straw shift wheel 1 and feeding auger 24, wheatear head constantly delivers in sheller unit backward, threshing is carried out and axially conveying under the effect of threshing cylinder, longer stalk along with threshing cylinder rotation from bat careless mouth 21 discharge, residue threshing mixed material flows down from the grid-type concave of threshing cylinder lower encioser 18, enter in separating cleaning cylinder 15 through riser tubing 14 threshing mixed material, under the effect of impurity adsorbing blower 10, lighter assortedly remainingly to discharge from impurity adsorbing blower mouth through gettering pipeline 11, breeding wheat seed flows down along scourclean 15 barrel, be collected into aggregate bin 13 li.Meanwhile, the rotation of feeding auger 24 drives the motion of the second chain 23, and the second chain 23 hinge wheel drives the 3rd chain 9 minor sprocket coaxial rotation, drives the road wheel 8 coaxial with the 3rd chain 9 hinge wheel to travel forward.The integration of operation that this reaping machine can realize cutting, feeding, threshing and clean, improve the operating efficiency of reaping machine, reduce hand labor intensity, simultaneously, useless stalk is smashed rear directly spreading in ground by double-deck ceding of Taiwan synchronization job, solves the problem of straw-returning.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit the utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a community wheat breeding combined harvester, it is characterized in that comprising frame, described frame is provided with the header device of engine and double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel is provided with above the header device of double-cutting knife, straw shift wheel both sides are provided with straw separating plate, the frame at straw shift wheel rear portion is provided with feeding auger, feeding auger rear portion is provided with threshing cylinder, on threshing cylinder, correspondence is provided with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean is arranged on frame rear portion and is connected with threshing cylinder case, cyclonic separation scourclean upper port is connected with the impurity adsorbing blower be arranged in frame by gettering pipeline, road wheel and directive wheel is provided with below frame, described engine drives threshing cylinder, feeding auger, straw shift wheel and road wheel by transmission of power, and in frame, also corresponding threshing cylinder is provided with aggregate bin and riser tubing.
2. a kind of community as claimed in claim 1 wheat breeding combined harvester, it is characterized in that: described frame is also provided with operation handrail, described engine is bolted on the right side of frame, and the header device of described double-cutting knife is arranged on frame front end.
3. a kind of community as claimed in claim 2 wheat breeding combined harvester, it is characterized in that: the header device of described double-cutting knife comprises upper header and lower cutting table, upper header and lower cutting table are all provided with dynamic cutter and determine cutter, upper header is connected with toggle with the dynamic cutter of lower cutting table, and toggle is connected with engine.
4. a kind of community as claimed in claim 1 wheat breeding combined harvester, it is characterized in that: the power take-off of described engine passes through the first V-type band by transmission of power to threshing cylinder, the sprocket wheel that threshing cylinder is coaxially arranged is connected by the sprocket wheel that the first chain and feeding auger are coaxially arranged and realizes driving, the belt wheel that feeding auger is coaxially arranged to be connected with the belt wheel that straw shift wheel is coaxially arranged by the second V-type band and to realize driving, the sprocket wheel that feeding auger is coaxially arranged to be connected with the sprocket wheel on transition axis by the second chain and to realize driving, sprocket wheel on transition axis to be connected with the sprocket wheel that road wheel is coaxially arranged by the 3rd chain and to realize driving.
5. a kind of community as claimed in claim 1 wheat breeding combined harvester; it is characterized in that: described threshing cylinder case includes upper encloser and lower encioser; upper encloser is provided with straw outlet; grid-type concave is provided with in lower encioser; lower encioser bottom is also provided with the little auger of unidirectional conveying, and threshing mixture is concentrated on case side.
6. a kind of community as claimed in claim 1 wheat breeding combined harvester, is characterized in that: described threshing cylinder external body is provided with six groups of patterns under short plate teeth, and six groups of patterns under short plate teeth are impartial arranged distribution on roll circumference surface.
CN201520638787.4U 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 District wheat breeding combine harvester Expired - Fee Related CN204810993U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520638787.4U CN204810993U (en) 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 District wheat breeding combine harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520638787.4U CN204810993U (en) 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 District wheat breeding combine harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204810993U true CN204810993U (en) 2015-12-02

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ID=54668664

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520638787.4U Expired - Fee Related CN204810993U (en) 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 District wheat breeding combine harvester

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN204810993U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106034546A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-10-26 李传瑞 Multifunctional harvester
CN106937549A (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-11 陈长江 A kind of grain combine material feeding system and diversion processing method
CN109526363A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-29 河南科技大学 A kind of Carrot Seed combined harvester

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106937549A (en) * 2016-01-04 2017-07-11 陈长江 A kind of grain combine material feeding system and diversion processing method
CN106034546A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-10-26 李传瑞 Multifunctional harvester
CN109526363A (en) * 2018-12-28 2019-03-29 河南科技大学 A kind of Carrot Seed combined harvester
CN109526363B (en) * 2018-12-28 2024-04-26 河南科技大学 Carrot seed combine harvester

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151202

Termination date: 20160824

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee